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BRM

Brevets Randonneurs Mondiaux (BRM) 簡介

在 1921 年成立的 Audax Club Parisien (ACP) 致力推廣非競賽單車漫遊活動,活動里程為 200、300、400、600、1000 公里 及 於 1931年 開始每四年一度的 PBP 1200 公里。這些活動的名稱為 Brevets Randonneurs Français。 自 1975 年,參加 PBP 必需通過 200 至 600 公里認證,以證明參加者是訓練有素。
活動的名稱於 1976年改為 Brevets Randonneurs Européens 及於 1983年改為 Brevets Randonneurs Mondiaux (BRM)。所有 Brevets Randonneurs Mondiaux 的主辦單位必須申請及遵守 BRM 的規則。
現在,你可以在五大洲超過三十個國家及地區參與 BRM 認證活動,感謝 Les Randonneurs Mondiaux 協會集合各地的代表。

Introduction to Brevets Randonneurs Mondiaux (BRM)

The Audax Club Parisien created in 1921 the free pace randonneuring events of 200, 300, 400, 600, 1000 km and in 1931 Paris-Brest-Paris Randonneurs. These events were called Brevets Randonneurs Français. Since 1975, a full series is compulsory for all the entrants to P.B.P, in order to be well trained for this event.
Then, they became Brevets Randonneurs Européens in 1976 and Brevets Randonneurs Mondiaux in 1983. All the organizers of BRM must apply and respect the rules of the Brevets de Randonneurs Mondiaux.
You can ride a Brevet de Randonneurs Mondiaux in more than 30 countries and over 5 continents, thanks to the association "Les Randonneurs Mondiaux" gathering all our representatives.

BRM 規則 - 200公里 至 1000公里


第一條 : 只有 Audax Club Parisien (ACP) 能核准此國際活動。 自1921年起,ACP 依申請時間派發驗證號碼、註冊並核准各項活動的資格卡(黃卡)。

第二條 : 此活動是開放給任何業餘自行車愛好者,並已納入保險範圍。 任何未滿18歲的車手必須得到他或她的父母或法定監護人的同意。
任何形式的人力推動車輛均能使用,唯一規定是車輛必須完全由車手以人力推動。

第三條 : 參加者必須填寫報名表格,簽署免責聲名同意書並繳交報名費用至主辦單位。

第四條 : 參加者必須購買公眾責任保險,不論是以團體或個人名義投保。

第五條 : 活動期間,所有參加者均視為「個人參加」。 參加者必須遵守當地的交通法例及道路指示牌。 (關於香港騎單車安全及單車資訊的詳細資料,可瀏覽運輸署網頁: 騎單車安全網上單車資訊中心
ACP、主辦單位、ACP代表及其所屬組織對活動期間發生的任何意外事故概不負責。

第六條 : 在夜間騎乘時,所有參加者必須在自行車上牢固地裝置前後車燈(前白後紅),及確定所裝置的前後車燈是可以隨時正常運作(強烈建議準備多一組備用前後車燈以及車燈用燈泡)。 最少要有一個後車燈是以持續發亮模式(非閃亮模式)運作。 如果參加者裝備不符規定,將被禁止出發。
不論是騎在一起或獨騎,黃昏至黎明 (18:00 - 06:00) 這段期間以及能見度不佳(如下雨、起霧時),每位參加者都必須全程打開車燈。所有參加者亦必須穿反光背心、配戴 反光帶或是在身體前後佩帶其他可以明顯清楚反光的物品
任何違反夜間騎乘規定的參加者,將立即喪失參加資格。 

第七條 : 所有的參加者必須靠自己的力量來完成活動。 活動期間嚴禁任何支援車輛或支援人仕隨行。 支援人仕只限於檢查站內。 凡違背規定的參加者,將立即喪失參加資格。
活動開始的時候,若主辦單位將參加者分組出發,參加者可按自己的速度騎乘,並可隨時離開團隊獨騎。 沒有人是團體的領導者,衣著裝備(車衣、臂章)上任何顯著標誌或是頭銜(如隊長…等等)均是不被允許。 所有參加人員必須遵守活動當地交通法規、所有法律以及尊重當地的民間禮儀及風俗。

第八條 : 活動開始時,所有參加者將會收到一張資格卡 (Brevet Card) 及 路線提示表 (Cue Sheet),這張路線提示表上會指出活動的路線還有檢查站的位置。 參加者在活動途中不得駛離規劃路線。 若參加者駛離規定路線,則需回到他駛離路線的原點始得繼續進行,也就是說除主辦單位另有規定外,不得抄捷徑或是繞路。 參加者每到達一個檢查站時必須停下並蓋章於資格卡上適當位置上。主辦單位可以在活動路線上設置未公佈的檢查點,以確保所有參加參加者都是在同一規定路線上進行活動。
主辦單位必須使用 ACP 的資格卡或是由 ACP 所認可的地方資格卡。

第九條 : 主辦單位可以安排非會員參與檢查站工作。 參加者到達檢查站(例如超級市場、加油站… 等等),必須停下並在資格卡上蓋章,檢查站人員會紀錄通過檢查點的日期、時間,以及相關的資訊(24小時以上的資格認證活動)。 到達無工作人員的檢查站時(例如到達時候已經是午夜),這時參加者可以選擇以下方式來完成通過檢查站: (1) 用明信片寫下通過時間、日期、全名、所屬俱樂部名稱寄給主辦單位;(2) 在資格卡上註明預設的地標或檢查站標誌,並記錄通過的日期、時間。 若採用寄明信片方式時,必須在資格卡所列的該檢查站蓋章處寫上PC及明信片寄出的日期時間。 主辦單位需自行決定通過檢查站的檢驗方法。
若參加者資格卡未蓋上檢查站的章、未記錄時間,或是遺失資格卡(不論參加者已完成的距離有多長),均被取消資格。 參加者有責任妥為保管資格卡並確認蓋妥各檢查站章戳。

第十條 : 活動完成的規定時間因活動距離而有所不同 (HH:MM): (200KM) 13:30; (300KM) 20:00; (400KM) 27:00; (600KM) 40:00; (1000KM) 75:00。
此外,參加者必須在檢查站開放至關閉的時間之內通過檢查站,開放至關閉的時間均詳列於資格卡上。 如果參加者未能於檢查站關閉的時間前到達,主辦單位將因應參加者延誤的原因,例如發生任何意外(如參加者停下來協助處理交通意外事故,或是道路封閉… 等等), 以致參加者延後抵達檢查站時,大會將准許參加者通過檢查站並繼續完成活動。 但如參加者因個人車輛裝備因素、疲勞、體能不足或是飢餓…等而無法於關閉的時間之內通過檢查站,即使在限定時間之內到達終點完成活動,參加者仍會被取消資格。

第十一條 : 任何作弊、欺騙或是蓄意違反主辦單位規則者,將永遠不得參加任何 ACP 所舉辦的活動。

第十二條 : 活動結束時,參加者必須在他自己的資格卡上簽名,並繳回主辦單位。 在確認參加者完成活動並核發認證號碼後,資格卡將發還予參加者。 若不幸大會在檢查過程中遺失參加者的資格卡,將不獲補發。
所有的資格認證活動都不是競賽活動,所以主辦單位不會將所有參加者分級,參加者可以自由購買每次活動的紀念獎牌作為留念,購買的參加者必須要在資格卡上標幟,並在活動結束時繳費。

第十三條 : 獎牌意指著每次成功完成活動的精神和榮耀: 200KM 銅牌; 300KM 鍍銀牌; 400KM 硃砂牌; 600KM 金牌; 1000KM 銀牌。 獎牌的設計在每次 Paris-Brest-Paris (PBP) 活動後更新。 獎牌的價格依大會所公佈的為準。
Super Randonneur 超級自行車手:這個頭銜是給同一年( 11 月至第二年的 10 月)內完成 200km 300km 400km 以及 600km 活動的參加者, 並頒發獎牌給予獲得這個頭銜的參加者。 參加者需提交相關證明文件以及付款購買獎牌。主辦單位可依照參加者完成活動的驗證號碼核發獎牌。

第十四條 : 如有多於一項活動同時間及同地點舉行,參加者每次只得參加一項活動。

第十五條 : 凡參加者以個人身分甚或俱樂部成員參加同一地理區域內舉行的各項認證活動,例如分級、紀念活動、挑戰活動等活動,均屬ACP代表及其協會之權責。

第十六條 : 主辦單位在其地區的 ACP 認證活動時間表上,不論開始出發地點,均只能使用主辦單位區域的資格卡。
主辦單位(特別是邊境俱樂部)可以在得到其他地區的 ACP 表同意下,以「聯合主辦」名義在其他地區的 ACP 時間表顯示活動,並依前項規定辦理活動。

第十七條 : 參加認證活動者必須同意主辦單位公佈之參加者資料以及完成時間。 參加者資料不得作為商業用途或轉給第三者作為商業用途。

第十八條 : 報名一經核實,參加者必須遵守本條文規定。參加者若對活動或主辦單位提出申訴或有任何疑問,必須在活動結束後48小時內以書面提交主辦單位。 主辦單位審查後將連同處理意見提交 Commission des Randonneurs(法國ACP委員會)或 ACP 當地代表(法國以外的地區)以取得最終的裁決。 

第十九條 : 如對最終的裁決有任何異議,應連同主辦單位及 ACP 代表意見提送 ACP 理事會,ACP 理事會將針對本規則未盡事宜引發之爭議或疑慮進行最後仲裁。

Rules of Brevets Randonneurs Mondiaux (BRM) from 200 km to 1000 km


Article 1 : Only the Audax Club Parisien has sanctioning worldwide authority for these events. The ACP registers all brevets. Each brevet receives a verification number. These are assigned chronologically based on time of receipt. The ACP has registered all brevets since their inception in 1921.

Article 2 : These brevets are open to any amateur cyclist regardless of his or her cycling affiliations an covered by insurance. Any rider under the age of 18 must have consent of his or her parent or legal guardian.
Any form of human-powered vehicle is acceptable. The only stipulation is that the vehicle must be powered solely by the rider.

Article 3 : To participate in a brevet a rider must complete a registration form and pay a registration fee set by the event organizer. In some countries, a waiver of liability must be sign.

Article 4 : Each rider must be covered by liability insurance, either by a group policy or by a personal policy. A rider must

Article 5 : During the event, each rider is considered to be on a personal ride. The rider must ride in accordance with all applicable traffic codes and obey all traffic signals.
The ACP, other organizers, ACP representative and his/her association cannot and do not accept responsibility for any accidents that may occur during the course of a brevet.

Article 6 : For night riding, vehicles must be equipped with front and rear lights attached firmly to the vehicle. Lights must be fully functional at all times (Spare lights are strongly recommended; spare bulbs are required). At least one of the rear lights must be in a steady (rather than flashing) mode. Riders not complying with all these requirements will not be permitted to start.
Lights must be on from dusk to dawn and at any other times when poor visibility conditions exist (rain, fog, etc.). Each rider, whether riding in a group or by himself, must fully comply with this requirement. Everyone must use their lights! All riders must wear a reflective vest, sash, Sam Browne belt, or some other device that clearly places reflective material on the front and back of the rider.
Any violation of these night riding rules will result in the immediate disqualification of the rider.

Article 7 : Each rider must be self sufficient. No follow cars or support of any kind are permitted on the course. Personal support is only allowed at checkpoints. Any violation of this requirement will result in immediate disqualification.
At the start, if the organizer creates groups, as everyone rides at his or her own pace, a rider could go out the group at any time. No rider can be considered as group leader. All distinctive signs (jersey, armband, etc.)or title (road captain) are not allowed. All riders are required to conduct themselves in a civil manner and abide by all applicable vehicle codes, laws, and regulations. All riders are required to respect local customs with regards to decorum.

Article 8 : At the start, each rider will receive a brevet card and a cue sheet indicating the route and the location of the checkpoints. Riders must stay on the route. If a rider leaves the route, they must return to the route at the same point prior to continuing, ie. no shortcuts or detours from the route, unless specified by the organizer. Riders must stop at each checkpoint to have their card stamped. Organizers may also include unannounced checkpoints along the route. This assures that everyone will stay on the prescribed route.
The organizer must use the Audax Club Parisien brevet cards or the local brevet cards approved by Audax Club Parisien.

Article 9 : Organizers may have checkpoints with no member of the organizing staff present. At these checkpoints riders must get their brevet card stamped at a local establishment that the organizer specifies as a checkpoint, such as a grocery store or gas station. Checkpoint information to be noted on the brevet card includes the time and the date of passage (for brevets that extend beyond 24 hours).
For unmanned checkpoints where no means of getting a stamp is available (arrival in the middle of the night for example), the rider may either (1) mail in a postcard with the checkpoint information (time, date, full name of the rider, and the rider's club affiliation) to the brevet organizer; or (2) write into their brevet card identifying information from a predetermined landmark or sign at the checkpoint also noting the time and the date of passage. When the rider mails a postcard, the rider should mark his brevet card in the space provided for the checkpoint: PC, with the time and date the postcard was sent. The organizer has the discretion to determine which option is to be allowed for a given checkpoint.
Missing checkpoint stamps, missing checkpoint times, or loss of the brevet card (regardless of how far into the ride a rider is) will result in disqualification. Each rider is responsible for seeing that his brevet card is properly completed at each checkpoint.

Article 10 : Overall time limits vary for each brevet according to the distance. These are: (in hours and minutes, HH:MM) 13:30 for 200 KM, 20:00 for 300 KM, 27:00 for 400 KM, 40:00 for 600 KM, and 75:00 for 1000 KM.
Additionally, riders must arrive at each checkpoint between the opening and closing time for the checkpoint. These times are noted on the brevet card with the information for the checkpoints. Riders must arrive at each checkpoint between the start and the finish while the checkpoint is open. If a rider arrives at a checkpoint after it has closed and the ride organizer is satisfied that the rider's lateness is due to the occurrence of something unforeseen and beyond the control of the rider (such as stopping to help at a traffic accident or a road closure), then the ride organizer may waive the fact that the rider arrived at the control late and allow the rider to continue. Poor bicycle or equipment maintenance, fatigue, lack of fitness, hunger, etc. are not unforeseen and beyond the control of the rider and therefore will not serve as a valid reason for being late. Subject to the foregoing, failure to make all checkpoints, even if the brevet is done within the overall time limit, will result in disqualification.

Article 11 : Any fraud, cheating, or deliberate violation of these rules will result in the exclusion of the rider from all ACP sponsored events.

Article 12 : At the finish, the rider must sign his brevet card and return it to the event organizer. The brevet card will be returned to the rider after the brevet has been verified and a brevet number issued. In the event of the organizer losing a brevet card, no replacement to the rider will be made.
These brevets are not competitive events, so no rider classifications are made. Commemorative medals for each brevet are available for purchase. Those wishing to purchase a medal should mark their brevet card accordingly. Payment is required at the finish.

Article 13 : Medals: The medals noting the successful completion of the brevets are: a bronze medal for 200 KM, a silver-plate medal for 300 KM, a vermilion medal for 400 KM, a gold medal for 600 KM, and a silver medal for 1000 KM. The design of the medals will change after each PBP. Cost for the medals will be set by the event organizer.
Super Randonneur: This title is earned by any rider who completes a series of brevets ( 200, 300, 400, and 600 KM) in the same year. A medal is also available for those holding this title. Riders should provide supporting documentation to their brevet organizer, as well as payment. The organizer can obtain the medal upon verification of the rider's brevet numbers.

Article 14 : A brevet must be done alone and may not be counted as participation in another event held in conjunction with it.

Article 15 : All animations regarding the BRM in a geographical area, such as classifications, awards, challenges, etc, as well for the riders as for the clubs, are exclusively of the competence of the ACP representative and his association.

Article 16 : Organizers events can be scheduled only on their geographical area on the ACP calendar, whatever the starting point is located. The organizers must obligatorily use the brevet card of their own geographical area.
An organizer (in particular a frontier club) will be able to appear second once on the ACP calendar like "organizer connected" in another geographical area, with the agreement of the ACP representative of this geographical area, while having for formal obligation to apply the first subparagraph of this Article.

Article 17 : While taking part in a brevet, the riders accept the publication of their identity and the time achieved in the results published by the organizers. Their identity could never be used at commercial purposes or to be transmitted to a third for this purpose.

Article 18 : Any rider who registers for and starts a brevet agrees by these actions to the following: Any complaint or question concerning a brevet or its organization must be submitted to the organizer in writing, within 48 hours from the finish of the brevet. The organizer will review the complaint and forward it, with a recommendation, to the "Commission des Randonneurs" of Audax Club Parisien for France or to the ACP local ACP person responsible for outside France for a final decision.

Article 19 : Any question regarding the final decision will be sent to the Audax Club Parisien board with organizer and ACP representative recommendations. The Audax Club Parisien board will be the final arbiter of any complaints or questions that arise which may not be covered explicitly in these rules.

Original Article: http://www.audax-club-parisien.com/EN/index.php?showpage=322