[ Prepared in June 2001, this is a note on Nepalese social issues from historical perspective. It is published here, for archiving only, without any change on it. Only few words have been replaced for clarity. A drastic change has occurred in Nepal since it was prepared. There are still some social issues the country has to address immediately. Nepalese people now believe the government will bring out constitution on time and hold free and fair election. The country will head towards peace and prosperity and all outstanding social issues will also be addressed eventually. - Editor]
[The Magars are the largest ethnic group or indigenous people of Nepal by 7.14 % of the total population standing third only after Kshatriyas 15.80 % and Brahmans 12.74% (National Population Census Report 2001). Since they are marginalized along with other IPs and Dalits in the country, the Magars also find discriminated against, through the passage of history for political reasons. They also believe some of them are later ‘baptized Hindus’. This is the reason why they are ‘working hard’ to be identified as others than the Hindus in the national population census. An exception persists among them on the other hand as few government-blessed Magars resist it.]
[We can not leave Tilaurakot without seeing a “ terracotta seal engraved with — “Sa - ka - na – sya” which means ‘it belonged to the Sakyas’. Archaeologists have dated it falling in between 2nd and 5th Century B. C. We do not insist that present Tilaurakot must have been the ancient Kapilvastu but what we hold is that there are lots of evidence down there which suggest present Tilaurakot is the ancient Kapilvastu. Piprahawa vase photo courtesy :Satinanda E V]
Each year Nepalese people all over the world jubilantly celebrate Dashain which is the greatest national festival of the country. This year also Dashain begins from September 28th and ends on October 11, 2011. Families observe Dashain sharing happiness as it brings such an opportunity to get together to all of them. Some people travel long distances to reach home and celebrate the festival. But since some two decades or so, an antagonism persists in the country between two groups of people - one that favours and the other who vigorously opposes this festival. Posted below is a short article published 10 years ago in Kantipur, (कान्तिपुर, राष्ट्रिय दैनिक) one of the major dailies from Kathmandu on Thursday November 15, 2001 [ Kartik 30, 2058].
[The inscription above simply says - it is a Vihar of Kapilvastu Bhikshu Mahasangh or Bhikshu Sangh. It just refers to Vihars or Sanghas or organization(s). The ‘Kapilvastu Bhikshu Mahasangh or Bhikshu Sangh’ can’t be the name of a city or town itself. These name words just mean an organization or organizations or monks’ communities or even social institution(s) of the Buddha’s time. This epigraphy, therefore, does not give any direct meaning or naming of a city or town like ‘Kapilvastu Nagar(e)’ etc. It simply means - the Vihara in Piprahawa was a member of Kapilvastu Vihara Mahasangh and which most probably might have been built by Kushan King Kaniska later - we again add.]
[".... Hida Bhagavam Jateti Lumini Game" (The Lord Buddha was born here in Lumbini Village). The text of the inscription in English reads: “Twenty years after the coronation, Beloved-of-the-Gods, King Piyadasi (Ashok) visited this place and worshiped because Lord Buddha, the sage of Sakyas was born here”.]