Making Sense of Development

One of the most contested terms in modern times is DEVELOPMENT. This word currently means different things to different people. For a long time it used to be associated solely with economic growth attained through modern scientific and industrial progress. Those people incapable of such progress because of their continuance in a pre-industrial mode like the tribals came to be looked down upon. Later, however, as the failure of development to eradicate poverty became more and more of an eyesore the human and social aspects of progress also came to be taken into account and it was recognised that economic development did not automatically ensure the latter. In fact generally the economic growth of a few is predicated on the transfer of social costs onto a vast majority of others.  Later still it became evident that the costs of scientific and industrial progress are not only social but also and increasingly so, environmental. Thus, even though it may be fascinating to induct higher and higher technology, it may be even more important to see that this pursuit does not harm society and the environment irrevocably. The challenge therefore is that of achieving a balance between scientific and industrial progress and social and environmental sustainability. Intimately linked with this is the form of governance. Higher and higher technology and the resultant economic integration involves more and more centralisation which in turn creates intractable social and environmental problems. It is not possible today to go back to the primitive communism of traditional Adivasi societies. However, there has to be more than a whiff of anarchism in future governance systems if they are to be sustainable. 

Throughout my life and work among the Bhil Adivasis and Dalits I have tried to make sense of the term development by trying to reconcile these opposite aspects. In implementation and research I have tried to combine the benefits of scientific and industrial progress with the traditional knowledge of the tribals and the big with the small. Even though I have done most of my research and implementation work with external funds nevertheless I have succeeded in retaining independence and been able to pursue this personalised syncretic trend. Details of the work I have done are given below in my personal resume. This resume is a professional one that I use for my consultancy work and so the professional aspect of my work comes first, even though it is not my main purpose in life and the much more important voluntary work I do as an activist is mentioned later.

Re¢sume¢ of Rahul Banerjee

I am a civil engineering graduate from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur with experience of over two and a half decades in theoretical and practical community development work and have the following skills and work profile -

1. Skill Set

1.   Overall design, conduct, analysis and reporting of research projects.

2.   Design, conduct, and reporting of impact assessment studies using LFA

3.   Design of Management Information Systems using MS Access software.

4.   Formulation of project proposals using Logical Framework Analysis.

5.   Statistical Analysis with the use of SPSS software.

6.   Analysis of Remote Sensing Images through the use of GIS software.

7.   Conduct, analysis and reporting of Quantitative Participatory Assessments.

8.   Conduct, analysis and reporting of Participatory Rural Appraisals.

9.   Formulation of Micro-plans for Community Development.

10. Implementation of Community Development Projects.

11. Research and Implementation in the field of Water Resource Management.

12. Conduct of Trainings in Community Organisation and Local Governance.

13. Organisation of Human Rights Campaigns and Public Interest Litigation.

I have used these skills to execute the following research projects -

2. Research Projects

           

                       2014. Preparation of a Perspective Plan for Livestock Development in Petlawad Tehsil in Jhabua District of Madhya Pradesh funded by Sampark Society, Petlawad.

                         2014. Impact Assessment Study of the work of Elected Women's Representatives in Madhya Pradesh funded by the The Hunger Project, Delhi.

                         2014. Preparation of a Background Paper on Inclusive Growth for Voluntary Action Network of India, Delhi.

            2014. Preparation of a Review Report on Hunger and Poverty in India funded by The Hunger Project, Delhi.       

            2013. Impact Study of Development work done by the NGO SAMPARK in Jhabua district funded by SAMPARK, Jhabua

            2013. Conduct of Gender Sensitisation Training for staff of EFICOR Madhya Pradesh EFICOR Jharkhand EFICOR funded by TEAR Australia.

            2013. Design of Gender Sensitisation Training Manual in Hindi for Reproductive Health Workers for EFICOR Jharkhand funded by Canadian International Development Agency. 

            2013. Design and Analysis of Survey of International Migrant Returnees funded by the High Commision of United Kingdom, New Delhi.

            2013. Training of Tribal Youth for Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan, Jaipur funded by Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, New Delhi.

            2012. Preparation of Background paper on Status of Implementation of Millennium Development Goals in India and the Post 2015 Development Framework for United Nations Millennium Campaign                              funded by Commonwealth Foundation, London.

             2012. Survey of Forest Rights Act Implementation in Alirajpur District of Madhya Pradesh for VIKSAT, Ahmedabad.

             2011. Preparation of case studies of Elected Women's Representatives of Panchayati Raj in Rajasthan for The Hunger Project, Delhi.

             2011. Impact Study of Development work done by the NGO SAMPARK in Jhabua district funded by SAMPARK, Jhabua.

             2011. Statistical Analysis of National Dalit Women's Resource Access Survey conducted by Saathi All for Partnership funded by Ministry of Women and Child Welfare, GoI.

             2011.  Preparation of a perspective plan for mass mobilisation and advocacy in Madhya Pradesh for Madhyanchal Forum funded by Churches Auxiliary for Social Action, New Delhi.

             2011. Content and Style editing of Report of Civil Society Consultations on the Approach Paper to the Twelfth Five Year Plan for Wada Na Toro Abhiyan, Delhi funded by United Nations Development                               Programme.

              2011. Analysis and Report on Devolution and Infrastructure for State of Panchayat Reports 2011 for Natural Resource Managment Pvt. Ltd Delhi funded by Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government  of                             India.

              2011.  Design of Baseline Survey of Dalits in Uttar Pradesh for Gender At Work, Delhi.

              2010. Impact Study of Natural Resource Management and Livelihoods Project being implemented by Samrakshan Trust, Sheopur, Madhya Pradesh, funded by Sir Dorabji Tata Trust, Mumbai.

            2010. Preparation of a perspective plan for the all round development of adivasis in Mhow Tehsil of Indore district in Madhya Pradesh for Concept Society funded by Churches Auxiliary for Social                                    Action, New Delhi.

            2010.  Analysis of Baseline Survey data of Save the Children Fund, Jaipur, funded by Department For International Development, United Kingdom.

            2010. Situational Analysis of Forestdwellers' Rights in Ranthambhor National Park for ARAVALI, Rajasthan.

            2010. Situational Analysis of Water Resource Management in Madhya Pradesh for Society for Promotion of Wastelands Development, Delhi, funded by Sir Dorabjee Tata Trust, Mumbai.

            2010. Statistical Analysis and Report of Tribal Migrant Workers in Alirajpur district for Dhas Gramin Vikas Kendra funded by Sir Dorabjee Tata Trust, Mumbai.

            2009.  Statistical Analysis of Secondary Education Management Information System and Preparation of Perspective Plan for Bihar for Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan of Ministry of Human                                        Development, Government of India funded by Department For International Development, United Kingdom.

            2009. Design and Coordination of a 14 day Human Development Workshop for Masters level students at Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai funded by United Nations                                        Development Programme, New Delhi.

            2009. Research and report based on survey of Migrant Tribal Labourers in Surat district of Gujarat for Prayas Udaipur funded by Sir Dorabjee Tata Trust, Mumbai.

            2009. Research and report on Mapping of the Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas Act in Chhattisgarh for The Hunger Project, New Delhi.

            2009. Statistical analysis and report on characteristics of elected women representative co-learners for Aagaz Foundation, New Delhi.

           2009. Design of a Poverty Research Strategy for Madhya Pradesh State Planning Commission as part of a team from Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research Mumbai funded by United Nations                             Development Programme.

            2008. Design and Coordination of a 14 day Human Development Workshop for Masters level students at Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai funded by United Nations                                        Development Programme, New Delhi.

            2008. Statistical Analysis and Report of Tribal Migrant Workers in Alirajpur district for Dhas Gramin Vikas Kendra funded by Sir Dorabjee Tata Trust, Mumbai.

            2008. Impact Assessment of Community Action Project of Prayas Chittorgarh funded by Action Aid India, New Delhi.

            2008. Impact Assessment of Sustainable Rural Development Project of Bharatiya Gramin Mahila Sangh Indore funded by Churches Auxiliary for Social Action, New Delhi.

            2008. Impact Assessment of Debt Relief Campaign of Sampark Society Jhabua funded by Churches Auxiliary for Social Action, New Delhi.

            2008. Statistical Analysis and report based on survey of women panchayat candidates of the Assam Panchayat Elections 2007-08 for The Hunger Project, New Delhi.

            2008. Statistical Analysis and report based on survey of women panchayat representative co-learners of the Udaipur Academy for The Aagaz Foundation, New Delhi.

            2008. Study of Integrated Water Resource Management in the Maan river sub-basin of the Narmada river for Society for Promotion of Wasteland Development, Delhi, funded by Sir Dorabjee Tata                               Trust, Mumbai.

            2007. Situation Analysis of the Narmada River Basin for Society for Promotion of Wasteland Development, Delhi, funded by Sir Dorabjee Tata Trust, Mumbai.

            2007. Statistical Analysis and report based on survey of women panchayat representatives for The Aagaz Foundation, New Delhi.

            2007. Statistical Analysis and writing of Report based on case studies of gender violence during Bihar Panchayat Elections 2006 for The Aagaz Foundation, New Delhi.

            2007. Writing of Country Papers for countries in South Asia for The Aagaz Foundation, New Delhi.

            2007. Statistical Analysis of Survey of Women Candidates of Bihar Panchayat Elections 2006 conducted by The Hunger Project, Delhi.

            2007. Statistical Analysis of Management Information System data of Aga Khan Rural Support Programme, Khandwa, Madhya Pradesh, funded by European Union.

            2007. Impact Study of Samrakshan Trust, Sheopur, Madhya Pradesh, funded by Sir Dorabji Tata Trust, Mumbai.

            2006. Human Development Assessment and Perspective Plan Preparation for Sampark, Jhabua funded by Christian Children's Fund, USA.

            2006. Preparation and Conduct of Training for Grassroots Workers for Action Aid, Bhopal.

            2006. Impact Study of Bharatiya Grameen Mahila Sangh, Indore funded by Christian Children's Fund, USA.

            2005. Preparation of a perspective plan for the all round development of adivasis in Sardarpur Tehsil of Dhar district in Madhya Pradesh funded by Christian Children's Fund, USA.

            2005. Survey and analysis of indebtedness of adivasis due to faulty development in Petlawad Tehsil of Jhabua district in Madhya Pradesh supported by Action Aid, Bhopal.

            2004 - continuing. Documentation and propagation of Bhili indigenous folklore and cultural practices supported by the Ashoka Foundation, USA.

            2004. The Madhya Pradesh Component of the Research into Gainers and Losers in Watershed Development conducted under the aegis of the World Bank.

            2004. A Review of the Non-Party Political Process in Madhya Pradesh for Centre for Study of Developing Societies, Delhi funded by The Ford Foundation, Delhi.

           2003-4. The Madhya Pradesh Component of the Livestock-Environment-Livelihoods Interactions in Semi-Arid Watersheds Research that was conducted by International Water Management Institute,                          Colombo.

          2001-2. A Study of the Influence of Moneylenders in Informal Rural Financial Markets in the Adivasi Populated Regions of Western Madhya Pradesh for the Department of Economic Analysis and                                     Research, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development, Mumbai.

           2000. A preliminary evaluation report of various rural development initiatives carried out by Oxfam India in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh as a prelude to formulating a comprehensive development                        plan for Oxfam India Trust.

           1997-98. Research cum Action oriented project to increase awareness of gender and reproductive rights and access to reproductive health services among Bhil adivasi women in Khargone and Dewas                                districts of Madhya Pradesh for the John D and Catherine T Macarthur Foundation, Chicago, USA.  Findings published in various journals and also as a report entitled - “ Felicitating Kansari                         : Bhil Women Battle Diverse Patriarchies”.

            1996. Preparation and Publication of a four part manual in Hindi for training of grassroots workers in decentralised community based natural resource management for Oxfam India Trust.

            1995. A study of the traditional water harvesting practices of the Bhil indigenous people of Jhabua district for the Centre for Science and Environment, Delhi. The findings were published in the                         magazine Down To Earth as a special report and also in the State of the Environment Report entitled - “Dying Wisdom”.

            1995. A critical evaluation study of the Joint Forest Management experiment conducted by the Madhya Pradesh Forest Department in Harda Forest Division for Oxfam India Trust. Findings published                         in the form of a report entitled - “Bungle in the Jungle” and also as a paper in the magazine Down To Earth.

            1993. A critical evaluation study of Joint Forest Management practices initiated by the Madhya Pradesh Forest Department in Jhabua Forest Division for Society for the Promotion of Wasteland                                   Development, Delhi.

I have published the results of this research widely in academic journals of repute, edited books and mass circulation news papers and magazines. These writings of mine and many other resources that I have gathered in the course of my researches are available online here -

3. Publications in Books,  Journals & Online Sites

  1.  Actualising Adivasi Self Rule – The Only Panacea, Yojana, Vol 58 No 1, 2014

      
         
  2.         What Ails Panchayati Raj, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol 48 No 30, 2013
  3.        The Elusive Holy Grail of Tribal Self Rule: An analysis of the history behind PESA in Y. S. Sisodia edited Democratic Governance and Human Development: Stock taking and Future Strategies, pp 249-264,                  Rawat Publications, New Delhi, 2013
  4.       Sustainability and Financial Viability of Urban Water in Dryland Areas: A Case Study of Indore City, Dams, Rivers and People, Vol 10 Issues 10-11, 2012
  5.       Black Money and Inflation, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol 46 No 43, 2011.
  6.        The National Water Policy, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol 46 No 33, 2011.
  7.        Cost Cutting and Environment Protection, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol 45 No 16, 2010.
  8.        Water Governance in the Narmada River Basin, WGP Review Paper, Society for Promotion of Wastelands Development, December 2009.
  9.         Neither Water Nor Governance: Review of Water Governance in the Man River Basin, Dams Rivers and People, Vol 7 No 9-10, 2009.
  10.         Trouble in Tribal Lands, Wall Street Journal, New York, October 23rd 2009 at url http://online.wsj.com/article/SB125627594046403415.htm
  11.      Addressing Equity Issues in Watershed Development Projects in Bhil Adivasi Areas in Western Madhya Pradesh, in  Dutta, B, Ray, T and Somanathan, E ed New and Enduring Themes in Development                    Economics, World Scientific Publishers, Singapore, 2009.
  12.         Re-energising PESA by combining its implementation with that of NREGS, National Platform to Promote Decentralisation Newsletter, Issue 2, August 2009.
  13.        Reproductive Health of Poor Urban Women in Indore, in Sujit Paul ed. Poverty, Health and Development, Commonwealth Publishers, New Delhi, 2009.
  14.         Secularism and Nationalism in the Time of Farmer Suicides, Social Action, Vol. 59 No.2, 2009.
  15.         Recovering the Lost Tongue: The Saga of Environmental Struggles in Central India, Prachee Publications, Hyderabad, 2008.
  16.        The Decline and Fall of the Bhil Adivasi Homeland: A Tale of Two Worlds, The India Economy Review, Vol 5 30th September, 2008.
  17.      Reconciling Displacement and Rehabilitation, Social Action, Vol. 58 No. 3 July-September, 2008.
  18.       Water Supply, Stormwater and Wastewater Management in Urban Agglomerations in Dryland Areas: Case Study of Indore City in Madhya Pradesh, Water Moves, Vol.1 Issue 2 May, 2008.
  19.       Adivasis and Unjust Laws, Economic and Political Weekly (EPW), 42:39, 2007.
  20.       Struggles of the Bhil Indigenous People in Jhabua for Access to Water, Dams, Rivers and People, 5:3, South Asia Network of  Dams, Rivers and People, Delhi, 2007.
  21.       Madhya Pradesh: Socioeconomic Base of Political Dynamics, EPW, 41:1, 2006.
  22.       Pillar to Post in Quest of Justice, EPW , 40:31, 2005.
  23.       Status of Informal Rural Financial Markets in Adivasi Dominated Regions of Western Madhya Pradesh, Working Paper No. 2, Department of Economic Analysis and Research, NABARD,              Mumbai, 2003.
  24.        Schooling of Tribals in Madhya Pradesh: Problems and Prospects, Journal of Educational Planning and Administration Vol. XV No. 1, 2001.
  25.       No Man is an Island: The Relevance of Ernest Hemingway in our Time in E. N. Rao ed. Ernest Hemingway: Centennial Essays, Pencraft International, Delhi, 2000.
  26.       On Education Guarantee Scheme in M. Pradesh, EPW, Jan 9, 1999.
  27.       Grand Old Man of the Socialist Fringe: Mama Baleshwar Dayal, EPW, April 17-24, 1999.
  28.       The Bottle that does not Cheer: Bhil Womens Fight Against Male Oppression and Alcoholism, Manushi 113, 1999.
  29.       Return of the Native Seeds, The Ecologist, London, 28:1, 1998.
  30.      Bhil Women of Nimar: Growing Assertion, EPW, February 28, 1998.
  31.     Reasserting Ecological Ethics, EPW 32:3, 1997
  32.     Green Revolution and Subsistence Agriculture, EPW, May 3, 1997.
  33.     Creating a New Demonology, Seminar 443, July, 1996.
  34.     The Unsilenced Valley, Down To Earth (DTE), June 15, 1996.
  35.     MP Assembly Election, 1993, EPW, April 6, 1996.
  36.     The Meek Lay Claim to their Inheritance: Portents of the 1996 Election Results from Madhya Pradesh , EPW, June 29, 1996.
  37.     Ungreening the Revolution, DTE, April 15 1996.
  38.     Learning To Know Differently: Usefulness of Primary Data, Radical Journal of Health, Mumbai, 2:4, 1996.
  39.     Whither Voluntarism, Seminar 431,New Delhi, 1995.
  40.     Windowdressing Forestry, DTE, June 15, 1995
  41.     The Jokes on the Panchayat, DTE, August 31, 1994.
  42.     Case Study of an Independent Indian Trade Union in Jhabua District of Madhya Pradesh, The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 37:4, 1994.
  43.     The Range of Rage, Down To Earth, New Delhi (DTE), Sep 15, 1994.
  44.      Looking Back in Wonder: In Search of Our Ecological Roots, EPW, July 30, 1994.
  45.      Rhetoric versus Reality : The State, Jawahar Rozgar Yojana and Peoples Participation, EPW, December19-26, 1992.
  46.     On Modernity and its Victims, EPW, May 9, 1992.
  47.     Tribals and Development, Economic and Political Weekly, Mumbai, India (EPW), March 2-9,1991.

4. Popular Writings

1.      Tribal Women in India Fight Liquor Demons, One World South Asia, 29th May, 2009 at url http://southasia.oneworld.net/fromthegrassroots/tribal-women-in-india-fight-liquor-demons

2.      The Bhils : A People Under Threat, Humanscape, September, 2001.

3.      There is no such thing as Instant Revolution, Humanscape, Jan, 2000.

4.      Bhil Women: A Struggle Against All Odds, The Free Press Journal, Mumbai, July 29th, 1999.

5.      The Village Schoolmasters Dream, Humanscape, September, 1998.

6.      Behind The Smiles, The Hindu Business Line, Delhi, August 3rd, 1998.

7.      Target Free but not Oppression Free, Free Press, Indore, 24th March, 1997.

8.      Shades of Blunder, Humanscape, Mumbai, August, 1996.

9.      Planting Discord, The Economic Times, 13th November, 1994.

10.  A Living Hell, Hindustan Times, Delhi, 31st July, 1994.

5. Educational Qualifications:


No.

Year of Passing

Examination

School

Marks obtained

1.

2013

Phd in Environmental Planning and Management 

Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology University, Ahmedabad

-

2.

1983

B.Tech Degree in Civil Engineering

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

78%

3.

1978

Higher Secondary

La Martiniere, Kolkata

84%

4.

1975

Secondary

La Martiniere, Kolkata

78%

 

Much more than my research work I have given greater importance to my work as a voluntary social activist among the Bhil Adivasi indigenous people in western Madhya Pradesh State in India which is as follows -     

6. Voluntary Social Work

2008 -   : Began systematic work that is continuing on ameliorating the adverse conditions under which the migrant tribal workers from Madhya Pradesh work in Gujarat as a new programme of action of the Khedut Mazdoor Chetna Sangath.

2001 -    : Began work that is continuing with the urban slum population of Indore city for their right to housing and basic civic amenities in collaboration with the NGO Deenbandhu Samajik Sansthan. Contributed in the formulation of an alternative urban plan that addressed the needs of the poor and deprived sections of the city.

2000 -   : Began work on the rejuvenation of traditional Bhil adivasi indigenous culture which has at present evolved  into the mass organisation Adivasi Riti Badhao Tola.

1996 -   : Began work on Bhil adivasi women’s reproductive health and rights which has evolved at present into the organisation Kansari Nu Vadavno.

1994 -   : Started work on the conservation of indigenous land races of crops and agricultural practices which is continuing under the organisation Kisani Samvardhan Kendra.

1987 -  : Development work started in primary education, community forest management and watershed development under the aegis of the NGO Dhas Gramin Vikas Kendra.

1987 -   : Formed the first ever Trade Union of Bhil adivasis which is continuing its rights work through direct action and advocacy - Khedut Mazdoor Chetna Sangath.

1986-94 : Did mass organisation work with the oustees of the Sardar Sarovar Dam being built on the Narmada river which later evolved into the Narmada Bachao Andolan.

1985  -   : Began mass organisation, legal and policy advocacy work with Bhil adivasis for their right to a sustainable livelihood and to equal citizenship in Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh which is still continuing and has spread to the whole of western Madhya Pradesh involving such organisations as Khedut Mazdoor Chetna Sangath, Adivasi Morcha Sangathan and Adivasi Shakti Sangathan.

1985      : Low cost building construction work with Social Work Research Centre in Tilonia, Ajmer, Rajasthan.

1983–85: Education work among Santhal adivasis in Birbhum district of West Bengal.

1981–83 : Science education work among adivasi children in Kharagpur, West Bengal.

7. Legal Expertise:

During these two and a half decades of work for the environmental sustainability and human rights of the Bhil adivasis I have fought cases right from the lowest courts to the High Courts and the Supreme Court and have assisted the lawyers with my own legal acumen. Thus, even though I do not have any formal legal degree I nevertheless have considerable experience and expertise in legal and para-legal training and human rights litigation also.

8. Contact and Date of Birth:

Date of Birth : 14th March 1960

Address:  74, Krishnodayanagar, Khandwa naka, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India - 452001.

Cell no:   + 91-9425943023

Phone no: +91-731-2877047

Email: rahul.indauri@gmail.com, aarohini@rediffmail.com, aarohini@yahoo.com

Webpage:  rahulbanerjee.notlong.com

Blog : http://anar-kali.blogspot.in

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