Environmental & Waste Management Gallery

These photos show a selection of images which demonstrate a range of environmental issues and waste management approaches which are commonly encountered.  Not all these problems can be solved quickly as they are often linked to issues of governance, education and infrastructure.
The resource pressures on the Tonle Sap lake in Cambodia are intense, as the population swells but the infrastructure and capacity for managing solid waste, waste water and agricultural wastes remain limited. 
Pesticide use in Cambodia is common  but awareness of how to use it is limited. Pesticides can impact on flora, fauna and human health, especially in dry season when dilution is reduced. 

The oil spill below surrounds floating houses on the Tonle Sap lake. The water is used for cooking and washing.

Pressures on resources in Cambodia can lead to poaching - this boat shows birds smuggled in the bottom. The rare birds on the lake are threatened by poachers selling birds and eggs.

This is the digestate storage area for a domestic biogas pilot in a Cambodian village. It produces methane for cooking from pig dung. It can reduce destructive deforestation caused by charcoal production.

This nursery is next to the biogas powered house. It is fed by the digestate left over from methane production. It means less chemical fertilizers are used.
Active environmental protection is important. Cambodian fishermen are protecting their natural resources from poachers with regular patrols.

Environmental management training with community groups helps to spread awareness of environmental issues and encourages support to protect resources.

This is a waste collection in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. The bins are emptied onto the road and then the waste scooped up into the truck as the collection equipment is limited. 

This is one of the landfills in Balykchy, Kyrgyzstan, which I was assessing in order to make recommendations for improved management.

A waste composition analysis was needed, to help understand whether recycling and composting is feasible. This impacted on the project recommendations for the Issyk-Kul region.


This shows street cleaning in Vietnam, just before a typhoon in October 2009. The local authority prepared by cutting trees back and removing anything that could be blown about and cause injury.

Following the typhoon, waste collection starts immediately. Relatively cheap labour means that waste collection staff are plentiful.

Landfill scavengers in Kyrgyzstan are picking through waste on a landfill . Improvements in the landfill had to consider the social and economic issues of scavengers under the ADB's Resettlement Policy.

Rural waste disposal into water is commonplace in Cambodia. There is no provision for solid waste management.

High levels of informal recycling are found in some developing countries. This photo shows a Cambodian householder selling her recyclables to a middleman who drives around villages to collect waste resources.