For the 2016 UMKC Communiversity Class, related websites are:


For information about Paul Grahovac's community garden project, see below.

Quindaro Gardens Mutual Aid Society

Growing vegetables on five vacant lots in the inner city of Kansas City, Kansas.

Inspired by:
The Tuskegee Institute.  "They grew crops and raised livestock to provide for most of the basic needs, and they made bricks, and constructed classrooms, barns and outbuildings -- helping each other help themselves."  African American Odyssey: "The Booker T. Washington Era (Part 1)", Library of Congress, 21 Mar 2008, accessed 3 Sep 2008.
African-American Mutual Aid Societies in the Late 19th and Early 20th
Centuries by Daniel Acker, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, and an
article appearing at
which provides an overview of African-American mutual aid societies.
Immigrants from southern and eastern Europe. Mutual-aid societies were also common among European immigrants (
The pioneers.  When the pioneers settled this country, and they needed a house or a barn, they did not hire a contractor. They brought their neighbors together and had a house-raising or a barn-raising.  They also had sewing bees, hay days, and many other kinds of group work. See: For All The People: Uncovering the Hidden History of Cooperation, Cooperative Movements, and Communalism in America, PM Press, by John Curl, 2009.
Go to new sites:


Urban Homesteading & Low-Cost Retirement Alternatives
Over 90 members of all ages: