The phenomenon of quantum condensation results from the application of quantum mechanics to many-particle systems, or of quantum statistics. Quantum condensation occurs in degenerate systems of bosons (liquid He-4) and in degenerate systems of fermions as Cooper pairs (liquid He-3 or superconductors). In the 1990s, new areas of quantum condensation emerged when diluted systems of atomic gases were cooled down to the nano-Kelvin temperature range. More exotic examples, such as condensates of composite bosons or paired composite fermions, exist in fractional quantum Hall liquids in two-dimensional electron systems, which support fractional statistics and, perhaps, even more exotic non-Abelian statistics.

The goal of this program is to bring together theorists (currently only in east Asia) working on various aspects of quantum condensates, to facilitate their communication and interaction, to work toward a full understanding of these related systems, and to explore the possibility of novel quantum phases emerging in such systems.

The advanced program was launched in 2009 with the support from the Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics (APCTP) at Pohang and the National Center for Theoretical Sciences (NCTS) at Hsinchu. APCTP sponsors through the Independent Junior Research Group lead by Prof. Xin Wan, established jointly with the Max Planck Society and Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology since 2008.

The first workshop (QC09) took place at the APCTP Headquarter on the campus of POSTECH in Pohang from August 17 to 28, 2009. Earlier, an preparational mini-workshop was held at the NCTS in Hsinchu on February 20, 2009. 

The second workshop (QC10) takes place at the NCTS on the campus of Tsing-Hua University in Hsinchu from August 9 to 20 2010. An earlier preparation was done in a miniworkshop on the Jeju island from February 05. to 07. 2010.