This section is a transition from the Abstract to the actual paper. It introduces the paper to the readers.
  • Begin with why you have undertaken the study.

  • Mention the questions that have been answered in the study.

  • Summarise past work carried out in the area of study, bringing out the need for a new study.

  • Avoid direct citation of references.

  • Explain the topic. If, however, the topic is about a common/widely understood term, give interesting facts about it, rather than explaining the term itself; e.g., if the topic is about Asthma and pollution, talk about the prevalence of the problem, rather than defining the terms.

  • To retain readers’ interest, keep the findings for the results section rather than giving it away in the introduction itself.