Inferiority is a feeling that humans feel since they are born. They grow up being dependent on their parents and feeling like they cannot do anything on their own. It is humans drive to overcome inferiority and become superior which causes humans to act. Humans act to achieve perfection and superiority. Those that do feel like they are being overwhelmed by feelings of inferiority will develop an inferiority complex. An inferiority complex brings an exaggerated feeling of inferiority on the sufferer and they will feel less motivated to strive for superiority.
His theory also contains the effects of the order of the family. Children who are the only child will get pampered which will cause the child to feel inferior when left to do things on their own. Those who are firstborn get all the attention at first but then all that attention goes towards the middle child. Now the firstborn feels neglected and inferior and develops to reserved and conservative. The middle child will be competitive and constantly try to beat the firstborn. The youngest child will be pampered and will feel inferior when left to do things by themselves. The youngest child could also feel the need to constantly beat their older siblings like the middle child.
| Adler's Psychological Types
| Ruling Type
|| Socially Useful Type
| This type refers to those who will push others in order to gain superiority. They have a lot of energy which causes them to push others out of their way. This type contains bullies, sadist, alcoholics, etc.
|| Those who fall under this type are sensitive and build a shell around themselves. They have low energy levels. They are dependent on others to help them with life difficulties. When overwhelmed they develop phobias, obsessions, anxiety, etc.
||These people are people who survive by avoiding life. They have the lowest energy levels. They usually become psychotic, living in their own worlds.
|| This is a healthy person. They have the right amount of energy and take interest in others.
There are problems with Adler's Personality Theory however. One weakness of this theory is that it isn’t very scientific. Adler’s theory is based of on the strive for superiority and the feelings of inferiority but you cannot measure or test such a thing. Also the theory doesn’t explain every personality of every human. A firstborn child doesn’t always feel like the attention he was receiving went to the middle child nor does the middle child always feel the need to surpass the firstborn child.
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