Adler's Personality Theory

            Adler's Personality Theory was created by Alfred Adler (1870 - 1937). Adler called his theory Individual Psychology because he believed that people were unique and that no theory created before his applied to all people. He originally followed Sigmund Freud's teachings but left after a disagreement of Freud's theory which says that the drive of human behavior is sex. Adler's Personality Theory is similar to that of Freud's Personality Theory except that Adler's drive for human behavior is the need to overcome the feelings of inferiority.

            Inferiority is a feeling that humans feel since they are born. They grow up being dependent on their parents and feeling like they cannot do anything on their own. It is humans drive to overcome inferiority and become superior which causes humans to act. Humans act to achieve perfection and superiority. Those that do feel like they are being overwhelmed by feelings of inferiority will develop an inferiority complex. An inferiority complex brings an exaggerated feeling of inferiority on the sufferer and they will feel less motivated to strive for superiority.

            His theory also contains the effects of the order of the family. Children who are the only child will get pampered which will cause the child to feel inferior when left to do things on their own. Those who are firstborn get all the attention at first but then all that attention goes towards the middle child. Now the firstborn feels neglected and inferior and develops to reserved and conservative. The middle child will be competitive and constantly try to beat the firstborn. The youngest child will be pampered and will feel inferior when left to do things by themselves. The youngest child could also feel the need to constantly beat their older siblings like the middle child.