Experimental network

The project GIGA Experimental High-Speed Network – GIGA Network – serves as a “laboratory” for validation of the results from the research and development activities conducted during the project. 

During the initial phase of the project, from 2003 to 2007, the GIGA network was deployed and extended to two states, covering seven cities (Campinas, São Paulo, São José dos Campos, Cachoeira Paulista, Rio de Janeiro, Niterói and Petrópolis), 26 institutions and tens of laboratories. In this phase, the institutions were interconnected through Gigabit Ethernet connections.

Currently, GIGA Experimental Network core speed reaches over 10 Gbit/s and access speed up to 1 Gbit/s, however, the goal is to increase network flexibility and support to new services, and also achieve higher transmission rates. The purpose is to achieve a transmission speed of 40 Gbit/s per optical channel (for the core) at the intermediary stage of the project, and later, at the final stage, a speed up to 100 Gbit/s per channel. Access transmission rates are expected to achieve up to 10 Gbit/s.

Network Coverage

In this phase, the GIGA network 10 GbE links will be extended to some laboratories that require high speed rates to conduct their researches (LNCC, CPTEC/INPE, UERJ Physics Institutes and USP). 

In addition, GIGA will interconnect with Ipê network (network developed by RNP for production and research activities that connects the Brazilian federal universities), which is interconnected with experimental networks in South America, USA and Europe, thus, serving as a laboratory for experiments and validation of ICT technologies on a planetary scale. Such a perspective will enable participation and collaboration with similar advanced international projects, strengthening the relevance and impact of GIGA Project in the scientific, technological and social spheres.

The map below shows the GIGA Network current coverage:

Connection to other networks

OCEN - Operations Center Experimental Network - GIGA Network

In addition to the activities carried out in the first phase of the project, the management and engineering areas will engage in other activities, which will allow better use and application of the network functionalities and potential. Among the main activities are the following:
  • Testing of developed solutions (prototypes, applications, protocols, etc) in a network that serves as a test field in several layer.
  • Exploring the network technical features and potential.
  • Providing connectivity for projects, using a 10 GbE core infrastructure and advanced protocols.
  • Integrating the GIGA network with other local and international networks and other laboratories of interconnected institutions.
  • Providing continuous connectivity to the Brazilian Ministry of Communications and preparing a multimedia room for video conferences, meetings and multimedia content transmissions.
  • Deploying and maintaining network and multimedia services, which will be always available for use.
  • Optimizing the management infrastructure.
  • Investigating new technological trends to maintain GIGA network position as a state-of-the-art solution.
  • Promoting the use of the GIGA network by interacting with researchers and professional of different institutions, including telecom provides participating in the project.