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August Cesarec

August Cesarec
[From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia]

August Cesarec (December 4, 1893 - July 15, 1941) was a Croatian writer and left-wing politician.

Cesarec was born in Zagreb, which was part of Austria-Hungary at a time. As a high school student he was involved in radical nationalist politics and joined the group that tried to assassinate Croatian ban (viceroy) Slavko Cuvaj. For his role in failed assassination he received two years of prison sentence, which he served in Sremska Mitrovica penitentiary. There he began to study books of Stirner and Kropotkin, which gradually led him to adopt Marxist philosophy. From 1915 to 1918 he served in Austro-Hungarian Army and experiences of World War I made him into an enthusiastic supporter of October Revolution and Communism.

After the war he became a member of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. Because of that he often had to deal with police and emigrate to Prague, Vienna, Moscow and Spain, where he spent some time during Spanish Civil War.

Cesarec, who had discovered his literary talent in teenage years, was also known as one of the leading Croatian literary figures of his time. He wrote poems, plays, short stories and novels and participated in literary magazines run by Miroslav Krleža. Cesarec's work was heavily influenced by his politics and ideology - in his plays and novels Cesarec expressed his utter disgust for capitalism and bourgeoisie, portraying characters belonging to that social class as vile, corrupt and perverse monsters. Best example for that could be found in novel Zlatni mladić ("Golden Youth"), a character study of a young man born in privileged capitalist family who gets away with all kinds of crimes. The novel was so popular that the phrase zlatna mladež ("golden youths") entered Croatian vocabulary and was reintroduced in 1990s in order to describe spoiled children of post-Communist nouveau riche.

In March 1941, a few days before the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia, he was arrested and interned in Kerestinec prison together with some 90 leading members of Croatian left-wing intelligentsia. Few weeks later the prison was taken by new Ustasha regime. On July 9, Ustashas had 10 prisoners, including Božidar Adžija, Otokar Keršovani and Ognjen Prica, shot as retaliation for Partisan activities. Fearing that the rest of the inmates will be shot soon afterwards, Croatian Communist Party organised a prison-break on the night of July 13. The prison guards were overtaken and inmates escaped. But the operation proved to be poorly organised and most of the prisoners, including Cesarec, were quickly recaptured and shot in Maksimir woods few days later.

Works

  • Đački pokret, Zagreb 1912 (unter dem Pseudonym Budislav Mirković)
  • Stihovi, Gedichte, Zagreb 1919
  • Sudite me, Zagreb 1922
  • Careva kraljevina, Roman, 1925 (Des Kaisers Königreich)
  • Stjepan Radić i republika, Zagreb 1925
  • Za novim putem, Zagreb 1926
  • Zlatni mladić i njegove žrtve, Novelle, Koprivnica 1928
  • Uskrs i smrt cara Lazara, Erzählung, 1928 (Auferstehung und Tod des Fürsten Lazar)
  • Tonkina jedina ljubav, Erzählung, 1931 (Tonkas einzige Liebe)
  • Psihoanlazia i individualna psihologija, Studie, 1932 (Die Psychoanalyse und die Individualpsychologie).
  • Bjegunci, Zagreb 1933
  • Današnja Rusija, Zagreb 1938 (unter dem Pseudonym Vuk Korneli)
  • Španjolski susreti, Toronto 1938
  • Izraelov izlazak i druge legende, Zagreb 1938
  • Novele, Zagreb 1939
  • Putovanje po Sovjetskom Savezu, Zagreb 1940
  • Na Ukrajini, Zagreb 1940
  • Kod sovjetskih malih naroda, Zagreb 1940
  • Sin domovine, Zagreb 1940
Published poshumously: 
  • Smijeh Jude Iškarijota, Erzählung, Zagreb 1946
  • Put u novi život, Zagreb 1947
  • Slučaj kolportera Ferića, Zagreb 1949
  • Legende i druge pripovijesti, Zagreb 1951
  • Kći crne ruke – Ćuk u njenome duplju, Zagreb 1951
  • Kriza stranke prava i naši 'komunari' 1871, Zagreb 1951
  • Majka božja bistrička, Roman, Zagreb 1955
  • Izabrane pjesme, Zagreb 1961
  • Izbor članaka, Belgrad 1962
  • Svjetlost u mraku, Zagreb 1963
  • Na posljednjim tračnicama, Zagreb 1963
  • Eseji i putopisi, Zagreb-Belgrad-Sarajevo 1964
  • Otkriće, Dramen und Fragmente, Zagreb 1965
  • AUGUST CESAREC I, Zagreb 1966
  • Brodolom obitelji Rožman, Belgrad 1968
  • Bijeli lutalac, Zagreb 1982
Literature: 
  • Ladislav Žimbrek: Knjizevna ostavstina August Cesarec, in: Republika 12/1953
  • Marin Franicevic: August Cesarec, in: Republika 1/1962
  • Mehmed Meša Selimović: August Cesarec, in: Zivot 3/1964
  • Miroslav Krleža: August Cesarec, in: Forum 4/1965
  • Vice Zaninovic: August Cesarec, Belgrad 1966
  • Zorica Stipetic: Argumneti za revoluciju – August Cesarec, Zagreb 1982

Pesme/Poems: 

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