Bug Out Kits

In a Bug Out situation the focus is on evacuation, rather than long-term survival, distinguishing the Bug Out Bag

from a survival kit, a boating or aviation emergency kit, or a fixed-site disaster supplies kit.

The basics for every kit are the 5 C's: Cutting Tool, Cover, Container, Combustion and Cordage.

For practical reasons i distinguish the following Tiers:

+ Tier 1: Every Day Carry Bag and Compact Kits (aka Every Day Carry kit, Aka Urban Survival Kit)
+ Tier 2: Grab Bag
+ Tier 3: 72 hour Kit
+ Tier 4: Camping Kit


The Every Day Carry Bag contains items that you have with you at all times and fall under 1st line gear.
Unlike a Bug Out Bag which you might keep close by but not necessarily on you when you run into the store, head to work or go for a walk around town, your Every Day Carry Bag is usually right there with you no matter what in your Every Day circumstances.

> Sun glasses in a protective container
> Flashlight; avoid flashlights with exotic batteries. Go for AA type. Maglite offers good ones for a good price.

5C considerations for the compact kits:

A compact kit is small enough to slip into the pocket of a coat pocket, a knapsack or BOB.
Preferably use a waterproof container as the basis for your compat kit(s)
If you do not have a waterproof container then tape the box seams with duct tape to waterproof it.
Also make sure that your kit is waterproof. Do not take that for granted.

Make sure its weight is hardly noticeable.

Fit the inside of the case to a mirror finish for signaling.

Make notes in your agenda to check the contents of the kit regularly.
Replace items like medicine that have exceeded their shelf lives.

Consider the following issues/items:

+ A small Knife    
    Consider a surgical blade/scalpel.
    Shaving blades

    Swiss Army Knife.
    I picked up a special one manufactured for the German army. It's green and has a saw blade with
a metal protective sheet...

+ Water related items

    > Condom.
Condoms make a good emergency water bottle.
       Make sure to get the non-lubricated ones or else you will get a unpleasant (lube) taste....
       Use a sock or other cloth for protection and support.

    > Water treatment pills

+ Food related items

    > Chewing Gum (choose a good one!)
        Stress reduction

    > P38 Can Opener

+ Personal/Identification issues

    > Copy of legal documents; passport, driver licence, medical records.
    Consider to digitize all your documents and put them in a dedicated folder on your PC
    and copy the content on an USB Flash Drive (thumb drive).
    Make sure not to use this USB flash drive for any other purpose

    Most crucial papers like a passport and drivers licence info will fit on an A5 sheet.

+ Fire related items

    > Matches
    Fire can be started by other means, but matches are the easiest.
    Waterproof matches are useful, but bulkier than ordinary stick matches.
    You can waterproof ordinary matches by dipping them in molten candle wax.

    Break large kitchen matches in half to save room for more matches.
    Include a striker torn from a book of paper matches.
    If you are in a Bug Out situation and running out of matches break them in two...

    > Magnifying glass.
Useful for starting a fire with direct sunlight or for finding splinters.
    You can also use a lens from binoculars or a camera  as a magnifying glass.

    > A small lighter

    > Candle.
Great for helping to start a fire with damp wood, as well as for a light and heat source.
    Shave the candle to a square to save space in your kit.

    > Flint-with-steel striker.
    Flint will last long after your matches are used up.
    You must find very dry, fine tinder to start a fire with sparks from a flint.
    Solid magnesium fire-starter kits are an excellent improvement on the traditional flint with-steel.

    > Tinder
    Cotton wool will make fine tinder

    Check the page: How to make a fire


+ Medicine
    > Crucial medicin

> Acetylsalicylic acid  (Aspirin)
2 Tablets

    > Ibuprofen
       Pain killer and infection inhibitor.
2 Tablets min.

 + Foam ear plugs

 + Tweezer for removing splinters

 + Sun Glasses

+ Compass.
    A small luminous dial compass (for night reading).
    Make sure that you know how to read it and that the needle swings freely.
    A string is handy for hanging it around your neck for regular reference.

+ Analog Watch

+ Micro flashlight.
A keychain LED (light emitting diode) type lamp.

It is useful for reading a map at night, following a trail when there is no moon extra bike light etc.
Check the batteries on a regular basis.

+ Needle and thread. Choose several needles, including at least one with a very large eye, which can handle yarn, sinew, or heavy thread.

Wrap with several feet of extra strong thread.

+ Rubber band

+ Electrical Tape

+ Duct tape (the miracle stuff :>)

+ Fish hooks and line. A selection of different hooks in a small tin or packet.
Include several small split lead sinkers and as much fishing line as possible.

+ A small multitool or Swiss Army Knife

+ A small nail cutter
   A broken or cut nail can quickly turn into a nast injury and cause considerable pain.
   Treat a broken nail asap.

    In a Bug Out situation it is also prudent to cut your nails as short as possible.
    Note: woman with manicured nails may object to this simple procedure.
    However no not waist energy on trying to convince people to take practical actions...

    If you have handcream available use it. Make sure to get the cream under your nails.
    Especially if you have to work on your Bug Out vehicle.
    It will improve your hand-cleasing proces considerably.

+ Safety pins

+ Paracord

    Paracord is available in  different sizes and colors.

    A paracord bracelet - deconstructed, these can provide you an amazing amount of material to
    use as rope, fishing line, snare wires, thread, make a tourniquet, build a raft, restrain a person, self protection,                anything really. - the limits are only in your mind.

    A paracord belt - deconstructed, can be used to rappel down a building...

+ A bandana

+ A pair of gloves. I allways carry a thin pair of auto repair gloves.

Links for EDC;




+ Bug Out Compact Kit(s)

+ Survival knife.

See Seperate Page: https://sites.google.com/site/projectbugout/bug-out-knife



+ LED Flash light

+ Camera

+ Gloves

    In a Bug Out situation the one thing you want to avoid is injured vingers or hands.
    So if available use the proper gloves to fit the job...

    Consider the following gloves:
> Plastic gloves; available for free from your local gas station.
        Use these if you have to work with gasoline or diesel.

    > Latex gloves;
available for free from your local hospital (emergency rooms), restaurants etc.
        Use these to treat wounds or working with chemicals, glue etc.

> Garden gloves; lightweigt and sturdy
        There are special types available which are difficult to penetrate f.i. by thorns

> Garage gloves; these are my favorite
. I allways carry a pair in my EDC
Perfect for changing bicycle tyres or working on bicycle chains.

    > Leather gloves; great for changing tires etc.

> Light thinsulate gloves; I have a pair of these in all of my wintercoats.

> Woollen knittens; best for winter


+ Money
    Check: Bug Out Finance


+ Membership cards


A Bug Out Kit is a portable kit that contains the items one would require to survive for seventy two hours when evacuating from a disaster.
It is also known as a 72-hour kit, a battle box, and other popular names include GO Bag and GOOD (Get Out Of Dodge) bag.

The kits are also popular in the
survivalism subculture.

The term "bug-out bag" is related to, and possibly derived from, the "bail-out bag" emergency kit many military aviators carry.
The concept passed into wide usage among other military and law enforcement personnel, though the "bail-out bag" is as likely to include emergency gear for going into an emergency situation as for escaping an emergency.



The primary purpose of a bug out kit is to allow one to evacuate quickly if a disaster should strike.
It is therefore prudent to gather all of the materials and supplies that might be required to do this into a single place, such as a bag or a few storage containers.

The recommendation that a bug out kit should contain enough supplies for seventy two hours arises from advice from
organizations responsible for disaster relief and management that it may take them up to seventy two hours to reach
people affected by a disaster and offer help.

The kit's contents may vary according to the region of the user, where as someone evacuating from the path of a hurricane may have different supplies than someone one that lives in an area prone to tornadoes or wildfires.

In addition to allowing one to survive a disaster evacuation, a bug out kit may also be utilized when sheltering in place as a response to emergencies such as house fires, blackouts, tornadoes, and other severe natural disasters.

Typical contents

The suggested contents of a bug out kit vary, but most of the following are usually included:

  • Enough food and water to last for 72 hours. This includes:
    • Water for washing, drinking and cooking.
      I recommend 2 litres minimum per person per day for drinking plus an additional 2 litres per person per day for cleaning and hygene.

    • Non-perishable food[16]
    • water purification supplies
    • Cooking supplies
  • A first aid kit
  • Fire starting tool (e.g., matches, ferrocerium rod, lighter, etc.)
  • A disaster plan including location of emergency centers, rallying points, possible evacuation routes etc
  • Professional emergency literature explaining what to do in various types of disaster, studied and understood before the actual disaster but kept for reference
  • Maps and travel information
  • Standard camping equipment, including sanitation supplies
  • Weather appropriate clothing (e.g., poncho, headwear, gloves, etc.)
  • Bedding items such as sleeping bags and blankets
  • Enough medicine to last an extended evacuation period
  • Medical records
  • Pet, child, and elderly care needs
  • Battery or crank operated Radio.
  • Firearms and appropriate ammunition (legal issues!)
  • Cash and change, as electronic banking transactions may not be available during the initial period following an emergency or evacuation
  • Positive Identification, such as a passport, drivers license, I.D. card, social security card
  • Fixed-blade and folding knife
  • Duct Tape and rope/para-cord
  • Plastic tarps for shelter and water collection
  • Slingshot, pellet gun, blowgun or other small game hunting equipment
  • Wire for binding and animal traps

SAS Survival Guide Pocket by John Wiseman





Camping without experience and/or proper gear could very quickly turn into a hazardous enterprise.