Cloud Seeding -ICAR workshop on Applications for agriculture-10

 


Prof.T.Shivaji Rao,

Director, Centre for Environmental Studies, Gitam University and

Expert Member, Cloud Seeding Project of A.P.State Government

profshivajirao.googlepages.com/coldcloudseeding

profshivajirao.googlepages.com/cloudseedingurgentneedofindia

profshivajirao.googlepages.com/cloudseedingbyagriculturists

 

  INTRODUCTION

Prof.T.Shivaji Rao, Director, Centre for Environmental Studies, Gitam University, Visakhapatnam sent an electronic mail to the Chief Justice, Supreme Court of India on the urgent need to tap the sky water to tackle the raising tide of farmers suicides partly due to growing water scarcity with copies to the President of India, Prime Minister, several Chief Ministers and Secretaries to the Union and State Governments, Planning Commission Members and other persons concerned about harnessing the sky water for optimum water resources management through cloud seeding. 

The  fight against the recurring droughts is essential  to safeguard and improve agriculture productivity and the quality of life of the farmers whose right to drinking water and right to  life is in jeopardy due to failure of monsoons resulting in water scarcity.  Attention has been drawn to the singular efforts being made by the AP State Government under the Chief Ministership of Dr.Y.S.Rajasekhar Reddy who visited China and held discussions with the Chinese Meteorologists who are employing 37,000 technicians every year for cloud seeding operations and are  producing additional  annual rainfall of 60 to 65  Billion Cubic Meters  of  water ( equivalent to the annual flow in the mighty river of Krishna in South India) at the cheapest cost of $0.02 per cubic meter of additional rain water with a cost benefit ratio of about 1:15. 

It was emphasized that cloud seeding operations have been successfully conducted in more than 40 countries for more than 40 years and hence this technology must be copied from advanced countries like USA and China for extracting  the sky water in the clouds to provide substantial additional annual rain water to save millions of Indians from starvation  for drinking water, irrigation water and water for inexpensive hydro-power generation. Such cloud seeding has to be done so that the economic growth of India can be successfully achieved  for elimination of poverty and unemployment. In order to protect the right to life, right to health and right to safe water every responsible Indian has a duty under Article 53 A(g) of the constitution to conserve the water sources and environmental assets. 

After closely examining the e-mail communication and also the 176 page  book written by the author on cloud seeding for India which is freely available on the website:

http://gitam.edu/old/www.gitam.edu/science/envstud/envr_achievements/English-Book.pdf 

the patriotic President  Dr.Abdul Kalam was kind enough to  refer the  above e-mail dt.29-11-2006 to the Director General, Indian Council of Agricultural Research to take necessary action as per the letter No.P1/C-100318, dt.20-12-2006.

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi in turn requested  their counter part organization at Hyderabad by name Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA) to organize a detailed scientific group discussion on harnessing sky water for economic growth of Indian farmers as suggested by Prof.T.Shivaji Rao and that  a copy of minutes may be sent to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research for taking further necessary action in the matter.

Accordingly CRIDA organized a National Work Shop on weather Modification Technologies for applications in Agriculture on 11-7-2007 at JNTU, Hyderabad in Collaboration with Indian Meteorological Society (Hyderabad Chapter), R & D Cell of JNT University and A.P. State  Council on Science and Technology.

More than 50 participants attended the workshop including several senior experts in Meteorology, Agriculture and Environmental Sciences.  The proceedings of the workshop along with the list of participants and the detailed programme of the workshop. 

 

Based on the discussions at the workshop , the following recommendations have emanated:

ú         The ongoing cloud seeding activity of the AP Govt. to improve the agricultural production in the Rain shadow regions should continue and more data sets may be collected for better analysis.

ú         More research activities to be promoted in identification of suitable clouds with ensured rainfall, and the appropriate time for cloud seeding. Understanding the dynamics of cloud mass, and development of suitable techniques to account for the rainfall due to cloud seeding at the ground level have to be taken up.

ú         Rain gauge stations in the cloud-seeded area may be expanded for improving the research program outputs under cloud seeding experiments and they should be networked for data communication.

ú         The feasibility studies on the use of ground generators and rockets for cloud seeding purposes in the rain shadow regions may be further studied by taking up field experiment.  The experiences gained elsewhere in the world and also in the country may be considered while formulating such studies for funding. The collaboration with DRDO in designing and developing suitable rockets to carry the payloads and ground generators may be considered.

ú         The Ministry of Agriculture of GOI may constitute a Committee consisting of experts from ICAR Institutes, IMD, IITM, JNTU, IITs, Ministry of Water Resources, Social activists, environmentalists, civil engineers, and State Govt. experts to look into the feasibility of providing one or two crucial rain events in the rainfed regions through viable cloud seeding techniques for stabilizing and enhancing agricultural productivity.

 

The recommendations made at the workshop are also presented here  to enable all the interested parties to initiate further necessary action for promoting cloud seeding operations by using both aeroplanes and the ground generators as practiced in China and USA on an extensive scale.

 

                                                                                                           PART-I

E-mail on importance of cloud seeding sent by Prof.T.Shivaji Rao to authorities

From : Shivaji Rao Tipirneni profshivajirao@hotmail.com

Sent : Tuesday, November 28, 2006 7:17 PM

To : Supremecourt@nic.in,  presidentofindia@rb.nic.in,   minister-mowr@nic.in,   

       kapilsibal@hotmail.com  secy-mowr@nic.in

CC :  pmosb@pmo.nic.in,  cmo@ori.nic.in,  rajagopalmail@rediffmail.com,   

         sanju_1611@hotmail.com  karansingh@karansingh.com, cs@ap.gov.in,  cmcg@nic.in,  

        cjap@ap.nic.in, cmap@ap.nic.in  chiefminister@maharashtra.gov.in, cm@mp.nic.in,  

       cmcell@tn.gov.in,  chiefminister@kerala.gov.in  fesec@ori.nic.in, cm@wb.gov.in,  dch@nic.in

       yugandhar.bn@nic.in,  cs@tn.gov.in  chiefsecretary@maharashtra.gov.in, csap@ap.nic.in,  

       dgcsir@csir.res.in,  mef@menf.delhi.nic.in secy@menf.delhi.nic.in, dodsec@dod.delhi.nic.in

       jvmnaiducwc@rediffmail.com,    minister-irrigation@kerala.gov.in, sreddy23@gmail.com,

       dstsec@alpha.nic.in,  drsikka@yahoo.com, goswami@tropmet.res.in

Subject : Directions to Government Ministers and officials to take up cloud seeding

Directions to  Government Ministers and officials to take up cloud seeding operations to  Augment annual Rainfall by 25% as practised in China to protect the Right to life of thousands of Farmers.

*****************************************************************************

To,

The Chief Justice ,

Supreme Court of India,

New Delhi.

 Sir,

     Subject:Protecting the Right to Life of thousands of Farmers who are committing Suicides in

                many states due to recurring Droughts  is possible by Directing the central and state

                Government Ministers and officials by making available more water by cloud seeding

                operations as practised by China since 40 years at the most inexpensive cost-------- 

              As an Environmentalist with more than 40 years of teaching and research in water resources and environmental management fields and having been working as an expert member of several committees of the A.P.state and Union Governments since 30 years,I very much appreciate the admirable role being played by the supreme court on public interest litigation cases on Taj pollution,Ganges pollution and other environmental cases in which I took part along with mr.M.C.Mehta since 1986,I congratulate you for taking the lead in advising the Government to solve poverty and protect public health by taking up inter-linking of rivers to transfer surplus waters from Ganges basin to the water-starved cauvery basin in a phased manner. Since 1988,I have been working with Padmabhushan Dr.P.Koteswaram,former Director-General of Indian Meteorological Department on cloud seeding problems and we Jointly prepared a project Report on the subject at the request of the former Chief Minister, Dr.N.T.Rama Rao.  Later on, I am associated with cloud seeding operations once in a while and since2004,I am  working as an Expert Member of the Cloud seeding operations project of A.P.state Government.

 I have authored one book on "CLOUD SEEDING FOR INDIA" [TO FIGHT THE DROUGHTS] and another book on the same subject in Telugu for the benefit of the people of andhra Pradesh and both these books were released by the Chief minister of  A.P.State,Dr.Y.S.Rajasekhara Reddy. The English version of the book on sale in the international market can be seen for contents on the web site:

http://gitam.edu/old/www.gitam.edu/science/envstud/envr_achievements/English-Book.pdf 

 In Andhra pradesh,we have been conducting cloud seeding operations since 2004 by spending  about Rs.15 to Rs.20 crores,depending upon the actual duration of working of the operations

But,if this work is carried out by the other adjoining states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Kerala as a joint effort,we can increase the annual River flows in Godavari, Krishna, Pennar and Cauvery basins by about 25% so that most of the inter-state River water Disputes can be easily  resolved amicably as more water becomes available for drinking, industries, irrigation and hydro-power generation at the cheapest cost as has been reported from many states in USA and other countries like China, Thailand, South Africa, Australia, Honduras, Mexico, Japan and Arab countries as can be seen from the following web sites :

1] http://fpeng.peopledaily.com.cn/200007/14/eng20000714_45496.html

 2] http://www.abc.net.au/correspondents/content/2006/s1654067.htm  

 3] http://www.int.iol.co.za/index.php?et_id=1&click_id=143&art_id=qw1113583861177B213 

 4] http://arxiv.org/html/physics/9812046  

 5]http://www.physics.isu.edu/weather/kmdbbd/cloudseed.pdf   

 6]http://www.xmission.com/~nawc/wmfaq.html   

  Although my book contains more than 60 web sites on the success stories of cloud seeding conducted in about 40 countries for more than 40 years,I am presenting only six web sites which prove that cloud seeding operations on cold clouds and warm clouds by using aeroplanes and ground generators have produced highly favourable results where operations are conducted on scientific lines particularly by dedicated workers as in china.

In china the National Government and even the provincial and local governments annually employ about 37,000 technicians to conduct cloud seeding operations and they are able to produce every  year about 1800 TMC[Thousand Million cubic feet] of additional Rainfall from the atmospheric clouds.

while Indian officials,engineers and scientists are more than satisfied with supplying the least amount of water from the traditional surface and ground water resources,the most intelligent and patriotic intellectuals of United states and China have been eagerly using their brain power to draw additional water from the third water resource,namely, the  SKY-WATER , that is about ten times more than all the fresh water available in all the rivers on the Earth.But Indian politicians,offdicials,engineers and scientists refuse to use their intelligence at least to copy the examples of USA and China for drawing the sky- water to save the millions of people from starving for drinking water,irrigation water and water for hydro-power generation.USA treats water as BLUE GOLD and hence the US politicians and sientists accord utmost priority for harnessing it for Economic growth and Chinese consider that making unavailable the abundant Sky water to the water-starved people as an act of treachery and a great sin.We,in India,have a constitution which upholds the right to health,right to life,right to livelihood and right to adequate water of safe quality includes the right to life.

Under Art.53A[g]of the Indian constitution, I, as a responsible citizen of India have a duty to protect the Natural Resources and conserve them, besides having compassion for all living creatures and in discharging my duty,I request you to kindly  consider the above facts and give suitable directions to all the central and state Government ministers and officials to conduct cloud seeding operations  on scientific lines so that the poor Indian farmers and farm workers are not denied the rights and opportunities  to use the abundant water sources in the atmospheric clouds on par with their counterpaerts in many other countries like China,USA.Thailand,South Africa and several othr countries,particularly when India is having the most superior chances to get more artificial rains due to its highly favourable meterological and topographical conditions with good scientific man-power.  

Thanking you,sir,  

 yours most faithfully,

Prof.T.Shivaji Rao, B.E.[Civil Engg.]M.S.{Rice University,Texas.1962]

Former Principal,Andhra University College of Engineering,Visakhapatnam,

Director,centre for Environmental studies,Gitam engineering college, visakhapatnam&

Expert,Cloud Seeding Project,Government of Andhra Pradesh,Hyderabad.

PART-II

COMMUNICATION FROM INDIAN COUNCIL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH

PART-III

 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE WORKSHOP ON WEATHER MODIFICATION (CLOUD SEEDING) -

APPLICATIONS IN AGRICULTURE

 

Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad 500 059

Proceedings of the One-Day Workshop on Weather Modification

and Its Application in Agriculture Held at JNTU, Hyderabad on July 11, 2007

 

            Based on the letter from Prof. T. Shivaji Rao, a well-known Environmentalist in India regarding harnessing of sky water to help economic growth of the farmers for sustainable agricultural development in the country and following the suggestions from ICAR to conduct a Group discussion on the prospects of cloud seeding and to inform the output of the workshop results to the Council, a One Day Workshop on Weather Modification and its Applications in Agriculture has been held at JNTU, Hyderabad  on 11th  July 2007.  The meeting was jointly organized by Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Indian Meteorological Society, Hyderabad Chapter, Research and Development Cell, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University and Andhra Pradesh State Council of Science and Technology, Govt. of AP.  The details of the program and the list of participants are enclosed in the Annexure I.

            The meeting was held in two sessions.  The first session under the Chairmanship of Dr.Y.S. Ramakrishna, Director, CRIDA and President, IMS, Hyderabad was devoted for discussing the role of weather modification as  viable technology for sustainable development to agriculture and disaster management.  During this session presentations have been made by various speakers on the scientific and applied aspects of weather modification and on the need for weather modification to enhance rainwater availability for providing additional moisture to meet the water stress in crops.  In this session, presentations were made by Dr. Badrinath from NRSA on remote sensing application for monitoring aerosols in relation to climate change situations and land use, land cover and drought monitoring.  He discussed about the calibration of the satellite measurements with surface ground truth and observance of aerosol optical depth, UV irradiance at the ground level and application of satellite based information in soil mapping, land degradation, vegetative cover changes and drought monitoring.  He also spoke specifically on cloud cover changes due to aerosol load in atmosphere due to forest fires, automobile and industrial pollution.

            The second lecture was given by Dr. Raji Reddy, Expert Member of AP State Cloud Seeding Operations Project, Professor of Agrometeorology from Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad on dynamics of rainwater for sustainable rainfed crop production in Andhra Pradesh wherein he discussed about the importance of rainwater management and the role of weather modification including cloud seeding to provide additional rainfall at the critical crop stages of rainfed crops in targeted areas of Andhra Pradesh. 

            Prof. D.V.Bhaskar Rao from Department of Meteorology and Oceanography of Andhra University spoke on cloud seeding perspectives for AP.  He emphasized on the expansion of research needs to strengthen the cloud seeding program to be conducted more scientifically operational and effective in providing positive results.  He discussed on the research needs to study the cloud formations, thermo dynamics associated with the cloud processes.  He wanted more research work on seed materials and methodologies that need to be standardized.  He emphasized on the need for cloud modeling for weather modification.  He stressed that in addition to the programs being carried out on cloud seeding, an additional data need to be generated through these above studies for better understanding the cloud dynamics and the process involved so as to quantify the positive impacts of cloud seeding in a more scientific manner.   He also emphasized on the need for enhancing the network of rainguage stations and telemetering devices for effective monitoring of the economics of the cloud seeding benefits and validation of 0, 1 and 2 dimension models.  He said that using the modeling approach and utilizing morning atmospheric conditions on large scale, predictions can be made by mid-day on the cloud types and development, expanding specific water amount and the amount of availability in the cloud.  He also suggested for seeded and unseeded model runs to assess the expected effects, which can also be modeled to help understand a precipitation process. 

           

            Prof. I.V. Muralikrishna, Co-ordinator of AP State Cloud Seeding Operations Project, JNTU spoke on the issues related to cloud and precipitation microphysics, cloud dynamic issues, seed issues and infrastructure tools.  He has presented the data on weather modification operations conducted by AP Government during the last three years.  He emphasized that cloud seeding is beneficial and needs upgrading as suggested by Review Committee.  He emphasized that the research and operational programs of cloud seeding have to go hand in hand.

            Dr. JVM Naidu, former Member of the AP State Cloud Seeding Operations Project, former Deputy Director General, IMD spoke on the importance of supplemental cloud seeding technologies where aerial seeding is not practicable such as mountainous areas where seeding by aeroplanes throughout the day is found to be difficult.  For such areas, he suggested utilization of ground-based generators for both warm and cold cloud seed techniques including use of small sized rockets (mini), which can reach upto 200 meters in the sky.

            Prof. T. Shivaji Rao reviewed on the various applications of weather modifications viz., in improving the rainfall events in different parts of the world.  He presented a graphical over view of the weather modification experiences over the past six decades conducted in various countries like China, Japan, Thailand and USA.  He also emphasized on the successful studies carried out in different countries.  He has informed the gathering that in China where large number of scientific groups is engaged in the studies of cloud seeding using both aerial seeding and ground based generators and mini rockets.  He has emphasized on the need to strengthen the program of weather modification across the country taking advantage of the highly favourable weather systems, geographical and topographical features to augment annual rainfall to overcome the water deficit situations especially in the rain shadow regions. Cloud Seeding has augmented drinking water supply and other essential water needs for agriculture and hydropower generation in many countries.  This is also used as a measure towards meeting the threats posed by global warming.

            After the lunch break, the second session was devoted to open discussion under the Chairmanship of Prof. T. Shivaji Rao.  Participants in this session discussed a few critical issues and came up with appropriate recommendations on the future needs for strengthening existing cloud seeding operational programs and contributed by identifying the future action plan. 

Open house discussions were held and the following points were expressed freely by the participants.

ú         More research can be done for in identifying whether the present atmosphere is conducive for cloud seeding and identifying the conditions for augmenting precipitation need to be taken up.

ú         The research and development on cloud seeding should go hand in hand with operational experiments. These operational experiments, which are currently taken up by Govt. of AP, can form the basis for additional data collection, which can be used for research programs especially in the fields of development of appropriate effective cloud seeding techniques. 

ú         A team of researchers should be associated with the ongoing operational programs to identify the additional data to be collected especially for aerosols, nuclei, cloud liquid water content, drop spectra, updraft and down draft conditions.

ú         A good forecaster should also be associated with the cloud seeding operational program to strengthen the cloud seeding project.  There is a need to strengthen the existing Doppler radar system network for detection and monitoring of clouds and for timely direction in cloud seeding wherever possible module data should be made use of besides initiating radar systems, especially in drought prone areas.

ú         Remote sensing techniques and satellite pictures may also be made use of for developing humidity profiles, an essential component for better now-casting and improved techniques for effective cloud seeding operations.

ú         Need to increase the network of rainguage stations must be emphasized for effective ground monitoring and evaluation of the success of the cloud seeding experiments in enhancing rainfall for target areas as the existing network is separately distributed.  Also the rainwater sampling networks should be strengthened for better evaluation of the cloud seeding experiments.

ú         Since the cloud seeding operations are taken up by Govt. of AP for the last four years, there is a need to evaluate the results through statistical analysis.  Hence, a Pilot Study may be taken up in two districts namely, Ranga Reddy (unseeded) Medak (seeded) to compare the effectiveness of the cloud seeding and precipitation studies under seeded and unseeded conditions.

ú         As cloud seeding is a dynamic process and has to be carried out in a short period of time i.e. about an hour, when cloud conditions are conducive for seeding, it is essential that cloud seeding aircrafts may be allowed to move on priority basis for timely and effective operation.

ú         Wherever aerial seeding is not possible especially in hilly areas, ground based generators and mini rocket systems may be tried as a viable option.  The effectiveness of ground-based operations may be thoroughly evaluated simultaneously by taking up ground-based operations.

ú         It may be appropriate to involve DRDO and other Defence Organizations for the development of safe and suitable mini rockets that can be used for ground based seeding techniques.  These techniques can supplement airborne seeding techniques for adoption for larger areas.

ú         It may be appropriate to avoid cloud seeding when cyclone systems are prevalent providing copious rainfall over larger areas s per standard guidelines on cloud seeding.

ú         Cloud seeding studies may also be extended to south coastal districts viz., Guntur, Prakasam and Nellore, which also form as part of the rain shadow areas of AP.

ú         Cloud seeding techniques may also be made use of especially for hail suppression during the summer months of April and May to reduce the damage to horticultural crops like Mango, etc in Andhra Pradesh and North Indian states.

ú         Satellite monitoring of aerosols for assessing the impacts of cloud formation changes and cloud change impacts may be strengthened.

ú         Modelling studies in cloud seeding experiments to be taken up to provide better understanding of the cloud seeding dynamics which may enhance understanding and efficient management of the available technologies for improving rainfall fall and better management of water resources.

ú         Cloud seeding experiments to enhance the rainfall activity may be taken up jointly with the water harvesting; water storage and rainwater management programs to augment the water resources in the deficit areas during the favourable periods of weather for their utilization during the subsequent periods of droughts.  This can facilitate promoting ground water recharge but also help in overcoming the drought impacts during critical stages leading to enhanced agricultural production.

 

            Based on the above discussions, the following recommendations have emanated:

ú         The ongoing cloud seeding activity of the AP Govt. to improve the agricultural production in the Rain shadow regions should continue and more data sets may be collected for better analysis.

ú         More research activities to be promoted in identification of suitable clouds with ensured rainfall, and the appropriate time for cloud seeding. Understanding the dynamics of cloud mass, and development of suitable techniques to account for the rainfall due to cloud seeding at the ground level have to be taken up.

ú         Rain gauge stations in the cloud-seeded area may be expanded for improving the research program outputs under cloud seeding experiments and they should be networked for data communication.

ú         The feasibility studies on the use of ground generators and rockets for cloud seeding purposes in the rain shadow regions may be further studied by taking up field experiment.  The experiences gained elsewhere in the world and also in the country may be considered while formulating such studies for funding. The collaboration with DRDO in designing and developing suitable rockets to carry the payloads and ground generators may be considered.

ú         The Ministry of Agriculture of GOI may constitute a Committee consisting of experts from ICAR Institutes, IMD, IITM, JNTU, IITs, Ministry of Water Resources, Social activists, environmentalists, civil engineers, and State Govt. experts to look into the feasibility of providing one or two crucial rain events in the rainfed regions through viable cloud seeding techniques for stabilizing and enhancing agricultural productivity.

ØØØ

Annexure I

 

List of Participants participated in the

National Workshop on Weather Modification Technologies for Applications in Agriculture

 July 11, 2007

 Dr.YS Ramakrishna, Director, CRIDA & President, IMS, Hyderabad

  1. Prof.I.V.Murali Krishna, Director, R&D, JNTU, Hyderabad
  2. Dr.T.Shivaji Rao, Professor, GITAM, Visakapatnam
  3. Dr.GGSN Rao, IMS President, CRIDA, Hyderabad
  4. Dr.DV Bhaskara Rao, Dept. of  Met & Ocean, AU, Visakapatnam
  5. Dr.M.Satya Kumar (IMS Secretary)(, IMD
  6. Wg.Cdr. KT Sabastian, Agni Aviation Consultant
  7. Dr. MM Ali, NRSA, Hyderabad
  8. Dr.D.Raji Reddy, ANGRAU, Hyderabad
  9. Prof.DV Bhaskara Rao, AU, Visakhapatnam
  10. Dr. AVS Prabhakara Rao, CAS&WMT, Hyderabad
  11. Dr. MS Rao, CAS&WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  12. Dr.Mohammed Gouse, Scientist, Coimbatore
  13. Mr.BVS Amatya, Cloud Seeding Consultant, JNTU, Hyderabad
  14. MVSS Giridhar, Asst. Prof.  WR, IST, JNTU, Hyderabad
  15. Dr.SBS Narasimha Rao, Senior Scientist, Agromet Cell, ARI, Hyderabad
  16. Dr.JVM Naidu, Dy.Director General (Rtd.), Visakapatnam
  17. Dr..A.Mohana Krishnan, Advisor, WR, Govt. of Tamilnadu, Chennai
  18. Dr.YK Reddy, IMS Member, Director, CDRS, Machilipatnam
  19. Dr.VUM Rao, CRIDA, Hyderabad
  20. Dr.N.Padharinath, IMS, Secunderabad
  21. Dr.G.Sudhakar Rao, Meteorological Centre, Hyderabad
  22. Dr.R.Narayana Swamy, Dharam Karan Road, Ameerpet, Hyderabad

24, Dr.KVS Badarinath, NRSA, Hyderabad

  1. Dr.AVM Subba Rao, Scientist of Agromet, CRIDA, Hyderabad
  2. Dr.S.Desai, Senior Scientist, CRIDA, Hyderabad
  3. Dr.PSN Sastry (Rtd.), ICAR, Hyderabad
  4. Dr.S.Venkateswara Rao, Met. Center, IMD, Hyderabad
  5. Dr.Trinadha Rao Pakki, Ex.Member, IMS
  6. Dr.V.Ramakrishna Rao, CAS&WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  7. Dr.Daniel, CAS&WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  8. M.Radha Krishna, AR. R&D, JNTU, Hyderabad
  9. P.Ravi Kumar, A, R&D, JNTU, Hyderabad
  10. Narendra, R&D, JNTU, Hyderabad
  11. S.Babjee, Sat.Met. Student, JNTU, Hyderabad
  12. G Moses, Sat.Met. Student, JNTU, Hyderabad
  13. P.Linga Reddy, M.Sc. Sat. Met.Student, JNTU, Hyderabad
  14. M.Nehru, M.Sc. Sat. Met.Student, JNTU, Hyderabad
  15. T.Ramesh, M.Sc. Sat. Met.Student, JNTU, Hyderabad
  16. G.Pranuthi, M.Sc. Sat. Met.Student, JNTU, Hyderabad
  17. K.Rajender, M.Sc. Sat. Met.Student, JNTU, Hyderabad
  18. Shermila , CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  19. Hari Prasad, CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  20. Pradeep Kumar, CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  21. Sumalatha, CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  22. KV Jhansi Kumar, CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  23. B.Koteswara Rao, CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  24. YV Shubhakar, CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  25. AVN Sriram, CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  26. Jyothirmai, CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  27. D.Appala Ramu, CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  28. K.Pavan Kumar, CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad
  29. Rupa, CAS &WMT, JNTU, Hyderabad

The Chairman and Members of IMS-Hyderabad Chapter

Cordially invite you to the

 

National Workshop on

 WEATHER MODIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES

 FOR APPLICATIONS IN AGRICULTURE

 

 

 

Wednesday -  July 11th   2007,

HYDERABAD

 

Organized by

India Meteorological Society, Hyderabad Chapter

 

 

Jointly with

ú          Research and Development Cell, JNT University

ú          Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, ICAR

ú          AP Council of Science and Technology, Govt of AP

 

 

 

Venue: 

 

School of Information Technology Seminar Hall

JNT University,

Kukatpally,

Hyderabad 5000085

 

          Preamble:

 

Weather Modification is the treatment of individual clouds or storm systems for achieving a beneficial effect without harming people or the environment. Weather modification attracted attention during mid-forties of last century to mitigate drought stricken places. Many countries like China, South Africa, Russia, Pakistan, United States , Canada , Australia , India etc. are attempting weather modification techniques for various purposes.

The most common intended effects of weather modification include precipitation increase (rain and /or snow), fog dispersal (visibility improvement) and hail suppression.   Of these, the majority of operational projects focus on precipitation increase. Over its history of 50 years, modern weather modification experiments   have involved projects of various types in nearly 50 countries around the world. As the water needs increase worldwide, the demand for weather modification services will also increase.   Similar increase in demand will occur also in hail-prone regions.

National Workshop:

Weather modification is being accepted as highly portable and flexible technology. India has long history of operations for weather modification particularly in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.  The Government of AP has taken lead in promoting the activity and funded the operations in terms of application development and promotion of research. As such the Government, in its earnest desire to provide reasonable amount of water for augmentation of the upland and rainfed area agriculture activities through rain fall enhancement, is carrying out the operations for the last 4 years. This will enhance the scope for application and basic understanding of the cloud dynamics with specific reference and intent to application   to the agro-climatic and agro -ecological zone.

In this background, a National Workshop is planned on weather modification Technologies at JNT University, Hyderabad.  All the members of IMS and those interested in weather modification are invited to the workshop.

All those interested must register by sending E Mail to ivm@ieee.org  by 09th   July 2007.  

The registration fee is Rs 300. The registration fee is waived for all the members of IMS. 

The workshop program include presentations on topics related to weather modification viz.,

·         Cloud dynamics,

·         Physics and chemistry of warm cloud seeding techniques,

·         Remote sensing satellite based VIS and NIR And TIR  applications,

·         Flare technologies and 

·        Software for data evaluation

·        Agriculture  Applications.

 

PROGRAM SCHEDULE

 

Wednesday  - July 11, 2007

 

0930 hrs            Registration

1000 hrs           Inauguration of Workshop

                        Welcome – Lighting of the Lamp

About Workshop                    Prof. IV Murali Krishna,

Director, R&D &

Coordinator, CASWMT, JNTU

                                Address by                     Dr YS Ramakrishna

Director, CRIDA &

President, IMS,

Hyderabad Chapter

Guest of Honor                      Dr T Shivaji Rao

Professor, GITAM,  Visakhapatnam     

Dr. AK Gogoi

                                                ADG (Agronomy,ICAR), 

                                                Dr K J Ramesh

Director, DST, New Delhi

Address by Chief Guest        Dr K Rajagopal,

                                                                        Vice-Chancellor,

                                                                         JNT University

Vote of Thanks                       Dr GGSN Rao, CRIDA

SESSION-I

Chairman:  Dr. YS Ramakrishna

1115 hrs               Invited Presentations

Weather Modification as a Viable Tool for Sustainable Development of Agriculture and Disaster Management

Speakers

Dr I V Murali Krishna, JNT University

Dr D V Bhaskara Rao, Andhra University

Dr. D. Raji Reddy, ANGRAU

Dr. GGSN Rao, CRIDA

Wg Cdr KT Sebastian, Aviation Consultant

Dr. MM Ali, NRSA

Dr AVR Kesava Rao, ICRISAT

Dr M Satya Kumar, IMD

1330 hrs             Lunch Break/ DEMONSTRATION

1430 hrs                         Open House Discussion

 

 Chairman                  Dr  T .Shivaji Rao

     Co-Chairman                Dr   I. V.  Muralikrishna

                     

             Main Discussants:                  Dr. T Hanumantha Rao

                                                              Dr. K J Ramesh

                                                             Prof. BV Ramana Rao

                                                             Prof D V Bhaskara Rao 

                                                            Prof. PSN Sastry    

                                                           Dr. AVS Prabhakara Rao

Dr M S Rao

Dr. YS Ramakrishna

Dr Mohammed Ghouse

Mr BVS Amatya

                                                                       Dr AVR Kesava Rao

      

This  programme includes presentation by  Scientsists   as well as  farmers and members of  community based organisations.like  Watershed associations & committees/ Vanasamrakshana samitis, WUGs,   Livelihood groups,  SHGs etc 

1630 hrs             Vote of Thanks / High Tea                                       

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