Professor Kostic

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Milivoje M. Kostic * BCard **...More

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M. KOSTICPh.D., P.Eng.
Professor Emeritus 
of Mechanical Engineering at NIU (Photos)
Editor-in-Chief  of  Thermodynamics of  Entropy Journal
Licensed Professional Engineer in State of Illinois (USA) 
Scientist at NIU’s Institute for Nano-Science, Engineering & Technology (InSET)
Guest Faculty Research Participant at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
Faculty Research Participation Program at ANL * Guest Scientist-Fall '03 Sabbatical at Fermilab * NASA-Faculty Fellow


Milivoje M. Kostic, Ph.D., P.Eng., Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering at Northern Illinois UniversityLicensed Professional Engineer in State of Illinois (USA) and Editor-in-Chief of Thermodynamics of Entropy Journal, is a notable researcher and scholar in energy fundamentals and applications, including nanotechnology, with emphasis on conservation, environment and sustainability. He graduated with the University of Belgrade highest distinction (the highest GPA in ME program history), obtained Ph.D. at University of Illinois at Chicago as a Fulbrigh scholar, appointed as NASA faculty fellow, and Fermi and Argonne National Laboratories faculty researcher. Professor Kostic also worked in industry and has authored a number of patents and professional publications, including invited articles in prestigious energy encyclopedias. He has a number of professional awards and recognitions, is a frequent keynote plenary speaker at international conferences and at different educational and public institutions, as well as member of several professional societies and scientific advisory boards. More at or Wiki, GoogleH-Thermo (or)**Photos

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Let's turn Ideas into Reality! ...Be aware of complexity but make it simple -- We have to look at history to better see the future...
 Prof. Kostic's Early Retirement and Start of a New Post-Retirement Career *
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Challenges to the Second Law Challengers: The 'challengers' need to demonstrate and quantify destruction of entropy to challenge the universal validity of the Second Law. It has been reasoned and thus proven here that destruction of entropy, i.e., violation of the Second Law, is against the forced tendency of natural processes and thus impossible, leaving 'No Hope' for the challengers. After all, the 'Wishful Maxwell's Demon' could not be realized since 1867... Dissecting 2ndLaw Challenges []

Thermodynamics Section in Entropy journal (EinC) * Entropy & 2nd Law Special Issue and Exploring the Second Law of Thermodynamics (NIUToday)
"In the world of technology (often GIGO) we the people (with creativity and judgment) make the difference!" KHANacademy*KA*240V
With unprecedented advances in computational software and hardware, it is now possible for more people to get bad or useless results faster and cheaper than ever before.

Nothing occurs locally, nor globally in the universe, without mass-energy exchange/conversion and entropy production. It is crystal-clear (to me) that all confusions related to the far-reaching fundamental Laws of Thermodynamics, and especially the Second Law (Abstract & FULL paper)are due to the lack of their genuine and subtle comprehension.> Sadi Carnot's Reflections <*> Clausius Theory of Heat < Elusive Nature of EntropyNature of Thermal and Mechanical Energy Transfer and Reflections on the Caloric Theory and Thermal Energy.

It is crystal-clear (to me) that all confusions related to the far-reaching fundamental Laws of Thermodynamics, and especially the Second Law (Abstract & FULL paper)are due to the lack of their genuine and subtle comprehension.> Sadi Carnot's Reflections <*> Clausius Theory of Heat < Elusive Nature of EntropyNature of Thermal and Mechanical Energy Transfer and Reflections on the Caloric Theory and Thermal Energy. (

Nature of Entropy * The miracles are until they are comprehended and understood. > Perpetual Motion Machines (PMMs) and The Fundamental Laws of Thermodynamics and Nature 
The phenomenological Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance and implication, than their simple expressions based on the experimental observations – they are The Fundamental Laws of NatureThe Zeroth (equilibrium existentialism), The First (conservational transformationalism), The Second (irreversible-directional transformationalism)and The Third (unattainability of 'emptiness'). They are defining and unifying our comprehension of all existence and transformations in the universe.
The Grand Law of NatureDuring any process mass-energy is exchanged and conserved, while entropy is irreversibly produced. The universe consists of local material (mass-energy) structures in forced dynamic-equilibrium and their interactions via forced fields. The forces are balanced at any time (including inertial - process rate forces) thus conserving momentum, while charges/mass and energy are transferred and conserved during forced displacement in space all the times, but energy is degraded (dissipated) as it is redistributed (transferred) from higher to lower non-equilibrium potential towards equilibrium (equi-partition of energy).

There is 'energy' (or 'mass-energy' as the building block of existence) which is conserved while transferred during forced interactive displacement (subject to the First Law of Thermodynamics: energy cannot be destroyed nor generated from nowhere); and, there is 'useful energy' or 'work potential' as the consequence and measure of a  non-equilibrium (an autonomous concept) which is the cause-and-effect of forcing energy transfer from a higher to lower energy density/potential (subject to the Second Law of Thermodynamics: non-equilibrium is irreversibly dissipated in time towards equilibrium and cannot be generated from nowhere, i.e., the useful work potential is irreversibly converted to heat, and thus the entropy is always generated and in limit conserved, but cannot be destroyed - there is no way to destroy entropy. The latter is not to be confused with local entropy decrease  when transferred elsewhere.

   During forced energy transfer, a part (and ultimately all) of the useful energy is dissipated (irreversibly converted into thermal energy with the corresponding entropy generation). Only in limit the non-equilibrium (work potential) may be conserved during the ideal reversible processes, including localized increase of energy density/potential on the expense of decrease elsewhere (forcing advantage). .. Read more

   The spontaneous forced tendency of mass-energy transfer is due to a difference or non-equilibrium in space of the mass-energy space-density or mass-energy-potential. As mass-energy is transferred from higher to lower potential, and thus conserved, the lower mass-energy potential is increased on the expense of the higher potential until the two equalize, i.e., until a lasting equilibrium is established. THAT explains a process tendency towards the common equilibrium and impossibility of otherwise (impossibility of spontaneous creation of non-equilibrium... Read More

Professor Kostic's teaching and research interests are in Thermodynamics (a science of energy, the Mother of All Sciences), Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer and related fluid-thermal-energy sciences; with emphases on physical comprehension and creative design, experimental methods with computerized data acquisition, and CFD simulation; including nanotechnology and development of new-hybrid, POLY-nanofluids with enhanced properties, as well as development, analysis and optimization of fluids-thermal-energy components and systems in power-conversion, utilizations, manufacturing and material processing. Dr. Kostic came to Northern Illinois University from the University of Illinois at Chicago, where he supervised and conducted a two-year research program in heat transfer and viscoelastic fluid flows, after working for some time in industry.

"Kostic’s unique synergy of philosophical, theoretical, computational and experimental approach, results in open mind, intense curiosity and sharp focus for identifying and analyzing natural and engineering phenomena with high motivation for problem identification, troubleshooting and solving."

Kostic graduated  in 1975 (Dipl-Ing degree) with the University of Belgrade highest distinction (the highest GPA in ME program history). Then he worked as a researcher in thermal engineering and combustion at Belgrade-Vinca Institute for Nuclear Sciences, which then hosted the headquarters of the International Center for Heat and Mass Transfer, and later taught at the University of Belgrade in Serbia, ex-Yugoslavia (*). He came to the University of Illinois at Chicago in 1981 as a Fulbright grantee, where he received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering in 1984. Subsequently, Dr. Kostic worked several years in industry. In addition, he spent three summers as an exchange visitor in England, West Germany, and the former Soviet Union.

Dr. Kostic has received recognized professional fellowships and awards, including multiple citations in Marquis' "Who's Who in the World," "Who's Who in America," "Who's Who in American Education," and "Who's Who in Science and Engineering"; the Fulbright GrantNASA Faculty Fellowship; Sabbatical Semester at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory as a Guest Scientist; and the summer Faculty Research Participation Program at Argonne National Laboratory. He is a frequent reviewer of professional works and books in Thermodynamics and Experimental Methods. Dr. Kostic is a licensed Professional Engineer (PE or P.Eng.) in Illinois and a member of the ASMEASEE, and AIP's Society of Rheology. He has a number of publications in refereed journals, including invited state-of-the-art chapters in the Academic Press series Advances in Heat Transfer, Volume 19, and "Viscosity" in  CRC Press' Measurement, Instrumentation and Sensors Handbook; as well as invited reference articles: Work, Power, and Energy in Academic Press/Elsevier's Encyclopedia of EnergyExtrusion Die Design in Dekker's  Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing; and Energy: Global and Historical Backgroundand Physics of Energy, both in Taylor & Francis/CRC Press Encyclopedia of Energy Engineering and Technology. Professor Kostic is a senior member of the Graduate Faculty at Northern Illinois University (See C-Vita for more information).

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Courses taught by Kostic ( current ones):

Guidelines & Polices:

MOTIVATION and Success

Thermal Design, Etc...




- for Class & HW

Teaching & Learning PHILOSOPHY

Thermodynamics (Th)




- for Lab & Project






- for Exam*Handouts

Industrial Research - CONSULTING

Heat Transfer




Advising.*EFY *1 *2

Scientific RESEARCH Interest

Experimental Methods





Research PROJECTS/Proposals

Indt.Sts.; M.S. Thesis





Graduate Students/Assistants 

LabVIEW & Data Acquisition-DAQ * ftp

Lab Projects*ILS*ProDev*MWR

Let's turn Ideas into Reality
 * Be aware of complexity but make it simple!
No limits, no expectations, and nothing is as important as we think it is! It is what It is, no more and no less!
"Those who would sacrifice liberty for security deserve neither and will lose both"

Correlation does not always equal causation, particularly in complex systems.

Thermodynamics, a science of energy, is the Mother of All Sciences!

"...We have to look at history to better see the future..."The World As I (Einstein) See It"
"...There is no beginning or end: yesterday is history, tomorrow is mystery, and today is a gift.
In the world of technology (often GIGOwe the people (with creativity and judgmentmake the difference!
It is important to anticipate and be creative to resolve issues/problems timely and effectively.
To TOP/BACK * Your feed-back/comments are welcomed! Milivoje Kostic
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Guest-Editor of Entropy Journal (Entropy & 2nd Law Special Issue1>&2418qr0101NIUToday>&2T)

Wolfram, New Kind of Science

This is Prof. Kostic's Web site being transitioned from the original or Legacy Web(*) - sorry for broken links referring to it!

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