Huguenots = French Calvinists

posted Apr 25, 2010, 12:11 AM by Professor Katz   [ updated Apr 25, 2010, 12:41 AM ]
Calvin certainly succeeded in France, more or less.  In the short run, there were the French Wars of Religion (1562-1598), the high (or low) point being the St Bartholomew's Day Massacre (20 August 1572) of Huguenots, who got their own back so aggressively that in the end about 70,000 people were killed on both sides:

King Henry IV (practically the sole survivor among the royals, and who had been brought up a Huguenot) issued the Edict of Nantes (13 April 1598), which granted the French Calvinists what amounted to a state within a state.  In the end, there were about 1.25 million Protestants in a country of about 15-16 million Frenchmen, about 8% of the entire population, scattered all over:

As for Henry IV himself, he was murdered while stuck in traffic in Paris, stabbed to death by Ravaillac, a fanatical Roman Catholic schoolmaster.  Here he is, holding his famous knife:

Ravaillac also met a bad end, dying (slowly) while participating in a public ceremony:

Henry IV's grandson, Louis XIV, revoked the Edict of Nantes in 1685, and all those little dots disappeared from the map of France.