I work in metaphysics and the philosophy of language, informed by a reading of German and American philosophy in the 19th and 20th centuries. My research in metaphysics concerns the basis and nature of value in biological and social systems. On the side of language, I am developing a broadly non-representational theory of meaning for value-laden modal operators like 'ought', 'may', 'so that' and 'in order to'. I am currently a visiting lecturer at St. Vincent College and an adjunct instructor at the University of Nevada. I also run a course on Aristotelian virtue, Kantian autonomy, and cognitive behavioral therapy at the Allegheny County Jail, and I am an education researcher with Studium Consulting.