A Beginner's Quick Introduction to LiVES
This tutorial will familiarize you with a few tools you might use for a simple video editing project.
LiVES has many more features than the ones illustrated here. See the LiVES documentation and other tutorials for more in-depth information, including installation, file types, importing video and audio, optional settings, and other essential information.
In this tutorial there are 6 basic steps from start to finish.
1. Load a video file and select a clip from it.
2. Add a new audio track and combine it with the video clip.
3. Make a title for the beginning, and a still segment for the ending.
4. Make "fade" transitions between the title, the video, and the still picture at the end.
5. Use an audio effect to fade the soundtrack at the end.
6. Render and save your new piece.
(Click on the images below to enlarge for more detail.)
1. Load a video file and select a clip
When you first open LiVES, depending on the version, you will be in Clip Editor mode, which looks like this:
If your version starts up in Multitrack mode, press ctrl-e to go to Clip Editor mode to start.
Once in Clip Editor mode, go to the directory where you have video files you want to use for your project. To do this, select <File> at the upper left.
Select one of your video files as follows, and then press <OK>.
Once the file loads, you will see the first and last frames with their frame numbers given underneath, as shown next. If the video has an audio track, the audio track will appear below the video track.
For the purposes of this exercise, let's say you want to remove the audio track so that you can replace it with something you like better.
To remove audio, select <Audio> at the top, then <Delete Audio>, and choose <Delete all Audio> as shown below.
We can see that the audio track has been removed:
The next step is to edit our video clip. We are going to select a short segment of video to use in our final piece.
To find the section you want, you need to view your clip. In Clip Edit mode (which is where you are now), viewing takes place in the Play window. You can activate the Play window by clicking on the icon as shown here:
To play, click on the Play triangle at the bottom. Your video will begin to play, allowing you to decide which segment you want to use.
In the Play window, the slider can be moved -- as shown above -- to choose where you want to start your selection.
Once you have found where you want to start, click on the "Start" circle just below the slider, as shown next.
You will do the same for the frame that is going to be the last frame in your clip. Move the slider and click the circle next to "End". Now click the "End" circle one more time and the selection is complete.
As pictured below, the Clip Editor shows us our new clip, defined by the start and end frames just chosen (shown circled). As highlighted in white on the video track below, it shows us that this is just a short selection of the video file we originally loaded.
Whenever we make a selection in the Clip Editor, it will appear in the Muli-Track Editor. The Multi-Track Editor is where we are going to combine the clip with its sound track and apply various effects. To go to the Multi-Track Editor, select <Edit> and <MultiTrack Mode> as shown next.
In Multitrack Mode, we see our selected video clip:
2. Add a new audio track and combine it with the video clip
Now, still in Multitrack Mode, let's load an audio file to go with our clip. Start with <File> in the upper left and go to <Open File/Directory>:
Next, click on the caret to the right of "Backing audio" to open up a visual tracing of the audio track:
Once you are in the desired directory (probably "Music"), select an audio track and then click <O
K> (as you did in step 1 when selecting your video file).
You will see the audio clip appear in the Multi-Track Editor, right next to the video clip:
Drag and drop the audio onto the backing audio track, where it will be displayed in green, as shown below:
This tracing will help us to clip our audio track where we want. (If you don't want to trim the audio track now, you'll have another chance further on, when we shorten it at the end.) In the screenshot above, an arrow points to where the large amplitude sound starts, a little over 15 sec from the start, if we refer to the timeline. Let's suppose we want to make a cut at this point, so that the audio starts playing here.
To do this, as shown next, right click on the green line at the point where you want to place your cut in the audio track. The time marker on the timeline will move to that point and a window will open, offering you several options, including "Split block here".
Move your cursor to "Split block here" and select.
A vertical line will appear across the audio track. Move your cursor to the segment you wish to delete (in this case, left of the split line).
Right-click on this block and another menu will appear. One of the options is <Delete this block>. Select it. The audio block left of the split line will disappear. Then, assuming you are in "Mouse mode: Move" mode (see the taskbar at the top), you can click on the audio block that remains, and drag it left all the way to the start point.
Now drag and drop the video clip onto Video track 1 as shown below. Leave some room on the left for a title, which we will be making next.
Our video clip appears in the Video 1 track:
(If at any time you want to expand the timeline, go to View on the taskbar at the top, and select Zoom In.)
3. Make a title for the beginning, and a still segment for the ending
On the taskbar go to <Tools> <Generate> <Generate Title Frames>:
You will see a new window like the one below. Select your parameters for point size of lettering, color, and position of your title. Then click <OK>.
The title clip you have just made now appears in the Multitrack Editor clip window (also known as the polymorph window). As shown below, drag and drop it to Video track 2, underneath the video segment we placed in track 1 but more to the left. We want to position the title clip so that it precedes the video segment and overlaps it slightly. This will allow us, later on, to fade from the title to the video.
The window shows the title clip in place on Video track 2:
Now you can do something similar to what you just did in making the title. You can pull a still image out of your files, and make a clip from it to put at the end of your piece. Select <Tools> on the taskbar, then <Generate>, then <Generate Clip from image> as shown below.
A window will open, allowing you to select the image file you want from your directories. Having selected it, you can Preview it in the Preview window, then press <OK> at the bottom to load it as a new clip:
Your new clip now appears in the polymorph window alongside the others. Drag it down to Video track 2, so that it just overlaps with the end of your video segment. (Note that on the right of where your clip segment is represented in the polymorph window, there is a divider that can be pulled right to make more space for your clips. And of course you can use the horizontal scroll bar beneath in order to see them all.)
Your Multitrack window now looks like this:
4. Make "fade" transitions between the title, the video, and the still picture at the end
Now we need to make sure both video tracks are selected, by checking the boxes on the left-hand end of each. We also want to select a section of the timeline that includes the overlap between our title and our video clip. The easy way to do this is to check the box next to "Select Overlap" in the area above the polymorph window.
Now drag your cursor along the timeline and the overlap region will automatically be selected.
When you are done, you will see this:
We can now apply a fade transition to this time region.
To do so, from the taskbar select <Effects> <Apply effect to region> <Transitions> <Audio/video transitions> chroma blend
The chroma blend parameters window will now open as shown below.
When it does, make sure the "Transition in" circle is selected.
Go down to the main timeline and click at the start of the selected transition region. The time will be registered in the parameter's time box. You may need to adjust the position of the blend strength slider just a bit, in order to make the Apply button active. Click <Apply>.
Now move the time slider, or the arrow on the timeline (each causes the other to move), to the end of the selected region. Select the Transition Out circle and click on <Apply>. The Transition In and Out buttons are actually shortcuts that set the transition value to minimum and maximum respectively.
If you like, you can review the transition you just made. Select the "Clips" view in the polymorph window. Then, over the Preview window, select Rewind, and then Play.
Using the identical steps for the transition you just made, you can make a second fade transition between your video segment and the still shot you have placed at the end. (We won't document those steps here.)
5. Use an audio effect to fade the soundtrack at the end
Obviously, our audio track is much, much longer than our short little video track. Let's clip it, still leaving a tail for our audio fade-out effect.
As we did in step 2 earlier, we pick a spot on the audio track and right-click.
A menu appears, offering the option to split the track at the point we chose. We select the split option. Then to the right of our split, we right-click again on the audio track. This time, when the menu appears, we select <Delete Block>.
The result is shown below:
Since we are about to adjust audio parameters, it will be useful to have a visual representation. To see the parameters visually, go to View in the taskbar, select <audio parameters> and check the box for volume. (We won't illustrate those steps here.)
Now right-click on the Backing Audio track, and from the menu, select <Adjust audio volume and pan>.
When the window appears, move the cursor on the timeline to the last point where you want 100% volume -- in other words, where the fade is to begin. The time will register in the effects window. (You may have to move the audio volume slider slightly for the Apply button to become active, but it should be at 100%.) The next picture shows how this window should look.
From here to the end of the audio segment, we are going to taper the volume down to zero.
Move the timeline pointer to the end of the piece, adjust the volume to zero in the effects box, and click on <Apply>, as shown below.
Having applied the volume parameter, we can see it on the audio track:
You may want to rewind and play your piece in preview mode to see if the volume adjustments are to your liking.
6. Render and save your new piece
From the taskbar, select <Render> and <Render all to new clip>.
When the rendering is finished, you will be returned to Clip Editor mode, and the new clip you have just made will be loaded there. You can play it in the Play window and see how great it looks and sounds!
The final step is converting it to a file that you can save.
Select <File> <Encode Clip as..>:
The next window will allow you to select a destination directory and a name. For a destination you might want to choose your Video directory.
Next, LiVES will open a window listing its suggested encoding details. Click <OK>. Then it will open another window allowing you to make comments to attach to the file. Write what you'd like, and click <OK>.
Your video will be saved in a new format. You can find it in the directory you chose as a destination, and view it.
Although this simple walk-through of LiVES has left out many details, at this point you should be able to continue on your own to fill in the gaps and progress to more interesting and complex projects. Enjoy!