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La Loche 1906 Census

Photo La Loche 1914: Mothers with babies in moss bags in front of a tent with the old church in the background.
The seated woman with the large necklace may also be the woman holding a child in the photo "Cree at Bull's House" below.

    
The Villages of La Loche in 1906

Lac La Loche in 1906 had a collection of four or five villages built on its shores. (see  "Penard letter of 1911")
The two largest villages were La Loche where the Mission and Revillon Freres Post were located 
and West La Loche where the Hudson's Bay Company had its post. 
The Census of 1906 has all these villages grouped together under the name of Portage La Loche.


Note: It appears that the Canada Census of 1906 relied on the records kept by the R.C. Mission at La Loche for the population counts of Portage La Loche, Whitefish Lake, Swan Lake and Bull's House. 

Population counts of 1906

Portage La Loche  had 216 residents in 45 families in 1906.
with surnames of Janvier, Le Maigre, Jolibois, Sylvestre, Herman, Fontaine, Montgrand, Tout Le Jour, 
Moise, Velner, Deltess, Saires, Dzenka, Beatty(HBC), Reads(servant of Beatty), Penard(priest), Ballentyne(Revillon Freres).

Whitefish Lake has 61 people in 12 families......................................(Garson Lake)
with surnames of Deltess, Herman, Naraddin, La Prise,  Le Maigre

Swan Lake has 18 people in three families........................................(Descharme Lake)
with surnames of Montgrand, Piche

Bull's House has 12 people...............................................................(at the end of the La Loche River on Peter Pond Lake)
with surnames of La Liberte, Mc Allum


Bull's House

Cree people at Bull's House around 1911 ( from Glenbow Archives)
Bull's House was situated at the end of the La Loche River on Peter Pond Lake.
Bull's House was an outpost of the Hudson's Bay Company. The HBC employed 
men (who brought their families) from Ile a la Crosse to work here. 
It was also called the "Riviere La Loche Post" (La Loche River Post).








Isle a la Crosse has 357 people in 61 families.
including 49 pupils at the residential school
8 nuns, 2 priests, 2 brothers and 2 others at the mission.
20 HBC employees and their families.
3 Revillon Freres employees

Souris River on the Churchill has 73.....on the north end of Pinehouse Lake (2 km west of the mouth of the Belanger River (once known as the Souris River))
Serpent Lake on the Churchill has 11.....on Pinehouse Lake
Whitefish River has 28..........................(perhaps on the Niska Channel of Peter Pond Lake/Little Buffalo Lake)
Clear Lake has 45................................. (on Churchill Lake, the residents moved to Turnor Lake in the 1960's))
                                                                                  HBC records show a post (B.263) at Clear Lake from 1904 to 1941.
Buffalo River has 126........................... (Dillon)
Island Lake has 29............................... (Turnor Lake/Birch Narrows)
Little Jackfish Lake has 28
Pine River 23.......................................(HBC post was later relocated to the village of Patuanak)
Canoe Lake 99
Primeau Lake 47
Pachewanahk 78.................................(Patuanak)
Pelican Narrows 48
South End 15
Stanley 29

Saskatoon 3011 (in 1901 it had 113)
Moose Jaw 6249  (the largest city in Saskatchewan) 
Regina 6169
The Battlefords 1757  

Buffalo Narrows  does not appear on the 1906 Canada Census as a separate village. The village residents may have been included in the Clear Lake or the Buffalo River totals. The name of the village appears in Treaty 10. Treaty payments were made in Buffalo Narrows in 1906 to band members from Clear Lake. (view Treaty 10 attachment below)



Robbie Fontaine

Photo of Jean Baptiste Fontaine and Rosalie Janvier. 
Robbie Fontaine in the front row was 7 years old in the 1906 census.
Jean Baptiste and Rosalie were both 28 years old and a daughter Flora was 2
years old. A brother Frederick was 20.

In 1952 Robbie Fontaine built the first pool hall in La Loche.
In the 1960's he had a sawmill set up near the Simonson Rapids on the Clearwater River. 
(information from Ronnie Lemaigre July14, 2011)
The arena in La Loche is called  "The Robbie Fontaine Memorial Arena"

Photo from;  



The Metis scrip claim of Baptiste Lafontaine is on record at the following link.

Lafontaine, Baptiste: address: Portage la Loche; claim no. 4;born; 1877 Portage La Loche; father; Paul Lafontaine (Metis); mother; Julie Sylvester (Metis); married; 1898 to Rosalie Janvier; children living; Robbie and Flora. http://www.scribd.com/doc/113477823/Portage-La-Loche-Methye-Portage-Metis-Scrip-claims


Treaty days 1911 at Portage La Loche (West La Loche). 
http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100030078
The HBC Factor's residence in the background. See a close-up of this building on
"Dates: The Fur Trade" page.

"On July 17 payments were made at Portage La Loche to a small band of Indians
who entered treaty some years ago as part of the Fort McMurray band, but who
live immediately to the west of Lac La Loche, within the limits of Treaty 10."

The quotation is from the Sessional Papers of the Parliament of the Dominion of Canada.
Volume 45, issue 19 (from C.H. Parmelee,1911-Political Science.)
The band was from Whitefish Lake/Garson Lake area.





Census 1906: Original pages of the Canada Census of 1906.


An easy to use transcription of the "Canada Census of 1906" is available on the link below.
A total of 36 pages.
Ile a la Crosse is on pages 1 to 10.
Whitefish River, Clear Lake, Buffalo River, Bull's House are on pages 10 to 15. 
La Loche is on pages 15 to 24.
Other villages in the north pages 21 to 34. (Whitefish Lake, Swan Lake, Patuanak, Canoe Lake, etc.)
The Fond du Lac area has 12 pages ( Sub. District No. 2.)

Explore this next site for your family surnames and earlier censuses.
Note: Your surname may be spelled differently. (e.g.  Fontaine may be Lafontaine, Fontain or Fontaigne)

"Treaty 8" information is on this link. View "Treaty 10" in the attachment below.
          Photo La Loche 1914: Mothers with babies in moss bags standing in front of a tent with the old La Loche church in the background.                                                                                                    
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RD Laloche,
Jan 9, 2011, 6:52 PM
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