In the West Country it was said that all
the gentry were cousins.
Marriages between the few families at the top of
society made for convoluted and intertwined family trees
In medieval times the basic administrative unit was the manor.
Ideally a manor was enough land to support a cavalryman - a knight's fee.
needed not only food and clothing for himself and his family, but armour,
weapons and horses and the measure of a knights fee varied
according to the quality of the
Each landed knight or gentleman in that time held his land from an overlord, the King or one of his (royal) family, in Cornwall The Duchy of Cornwall , or from the Church, which had vast land holdings - the price was a knights service and in England about there were about 5,000-6,000 knights' fees. This was the
feudal system a means by which the throne provided the monarch with fighting men and naturally the sons of these land holders followed in their father's footsteps. However once it was accepted that fees were always
inherited, then a manor could be held by a disabled man rather than a fighting man - Or it could be divided
between daughters. This meant that for some knights who were disinclined to warfare, it might be more convenient to commute military service
to a money payment. Over the centuries this gradually became the norm.
Whilst titles were inherited a knighthood was not and as a code of chivalry developed in
the Middle Ages, so the prestige of being a knight rose, and with it the expense of
maintaining armour animals and entourage and all the trappings.
Knighthood became an honour, but one that
some manorial lords preferred to avoid. They could fight instead as an esquire.
Tree of Andrew Pomeroy
of Collaton in Newton Ferrers according to Powley ‘The House of de la Pomerai’ by Edward Powley.
John Pomeroy who married a daughter of the wealthy family of Strowde of Parnham was recorded as being
of the armorial
Pomeroy family, barons of Berry Pomeroy.
Taking the date of 1601 when Richard Leigh, son William Leigh of Lleigh and and Andrews daughter Mary Pomeroy, married Eleanor Bonython,
the year after her sister Elizabeth Bonython is recorded in Visitaions as marrying Henry Pomeroy of Tregony I worked back generation by generation,
I now believe John Pomeroy who married a daughter of Stroude of Parnham was son of
Sir Henry Pomeroy and his wife Alice Raleigh of Fardel, seen here >>
The heir was Sir St Clere Pomeroy who married the widowed Catherine Countenay. He died about a month after the Battle of Tewkesbury 1471,during the Wars of the Roses, fighting the Yorkist cause.
His brother Sir Richard Pomeroy, became heir and was married to the exceedingly wealthy Elizabeth Densil widow of Martin Fortesque of Filliegh. They continued the family line with 2 sons and 2 daughters
Sister Agnes Pomeroy married George Maleverer, possibly of the Yorkshire family of knights.
Sister Elizabeth Pomeroy married Humphrey Courtenay , brother of Catherine Courtenay, and had 2 children
their brother Sir Thomas Pomeroy, knight of the Bath 1486, who married Agnes Kelloway who was grandaughter of Sir Henry Pomeroy,born to his second wife, Anna Camell, by her first husband, William Barrett . They also had children 2 sons and 3 daughters before Thomas died and Agnes remarried. Her 2nd husband was the wealthy Thomas Bowring of Bowringsleigh near Kingsbridge in the South Hams of Devon.
John Pomeroy of Collaton in Newton Ferrers married an un-named daughter of Strode family of Parnham.He inherited the property at Collaton from his grandmother Margaret Beville when she died in 1461.
He had only one child of record, a son , Andrew Pomeroy who married Ann Matthews who came from an impossibly large family of 28 siblings , the children of her father, Sir George Matthew of Rhyde in Wales by his 6 wives. Her mother Catrin Herbert was of the family of Herbert, one of the most famous family of Knights and legendary warriors of medieval England, owners of Raglan Castle and close supporteres of the Crown.
There are records that suggest there was another child, a James, who lived long enough to be made a ward of his uncle Richard .
Andrew and Ann's children were
Pomeroy the eldest son born about 1550 and before 1588 married
to Mary Bevill ( the year of the Spanish Armada!) daughter of John
a well known name in Cornwall and Sheriff of Cornwall
Edward Pomeroy married Julia Forster of Iron Acton, Stoke Gifford, Little Stoke and Uley in Gloucestershire.
Thomasina married William Pitford a landed Devonshire gentleman of Bishops Nymphton
as well as Winkleigh Keynes (in Winkleigh), Ashreigney, Holcombe, Cheriton Ryngs Ashe, and Morcharde.
John Pomeroy married Mary Slanning daughter of Baron Maristow of Plympton, Bickleigh, Walkhampton, Maybury, and Roborough, all near
Wilmot Pomeroy married Lewis Incledon of Braunton as his second wife, another wealthy family with huge land holdings
Mary Pomeroy married William Leigh of Leigh, Week St Mary Their son Richard married Eleanor Bonython in 1601 her sister Elizabeth having married henry pomeroy of Tregony the year before.
of William Pomeroy and Mary Bevill were;
John possibly born 1585 died in Ireland before 16 June 1618 wife Johan. he died without children
Andrew born circa 1576 who married
Jane Hext daughter of Digory Hext in 1601 in St Cleer Cornwall . They had 5 children in Collaton before she died age 27
the death of their son William born 22 Oct 1606 ended this family line
Jane who married William
Cavill of St Kew in 1571 their daughter Mary Cavill married John Vivian of St Columb Major as his 2nd wife and had 13 children
St Ervans church in Cornwall has a memorial to William Pomeroy who died in 1622
Which of the two Williams from the Collaton tree it was is not known, although the figure on the memorial looks like a youngster rather than a mature man, which would suggest that this William was about 16 when he died.
The Will of William Pomeroy, died 1622, was lodged in Exeter and lost during the 1940's blitz on Exeter.
The connection the St Ervan may be through his grandmother, Mary Beville's mother, Phillipa Beare, whose family had property and land in St Ervan. The Jenkyn family also had property in St Ervan.
Ann daughter of Andrew Pomeroy junior married a Peter Jenkyn in 1628.
From the Tree of Andrew Pomeroy I have
researched the members,
in particular the wives.
Amongst the things I
discovered was that Margaret Bevill who married Edward Pomeroy circa 1404
and Mary Bevill
who married William Pomeroy circa 1580 were directly related, distanced by a few generations.
Ralph Bevill married Jone Fitzwilliam. They had at least 2 sons
John Peter and 2 Ralph Bevill
Two Sides of Bevill Tree
b 1360, son of Raph Bevill and Jone Fitzwilliam, of the manor of Wolstone, near
Bude married Margaret Collaton
their daughter Margaret Bevill b
1385 married Edward Pomeroy . marriage settlement made in 1401, paid in 1435. Edward died 1447 Margaret died in 1461
Bevill family held the manor at Killigarth in Polperro
Talland Parish in 1523, St Kew and a manor of Gwarnack in St Allen and Sir John
Bevill, Sheriff of Cornwall in 1495 and 1502 living at the manor house
of Killigarth in Talland parish near Polperro,. Today Killigarth Manor is a holiday camp!In the 14th
Century the Bevill family held the manor of Wolstone near Bude The most
notorious incumbent of Wolston manor was the villainous John Bevill.He was
given to kidnapping wealthy merchants, imprisoning them until a ransom was
In 1358 he was tried for murder and only his position in society saved
him. John Bevill b 1360, of Wolstone Manor Bude. Was this the same villainous
Bevill who was tried for murder?
Humphrey Bevill de Wolstone was born Ipswich
in Suffolk 1395 his daughter Isabella Bevill of Wolstone and Thomas
Worth b 1420 were married in Ipswich Suffolk. Isabella and Thomas Worth had a dispute over land at Wolstone.
John Milliton and Avice Denys , may
have been the parents of Elizabeth Milliton, who married John Bevill and
produced Mary who married William Pomeroy
There was also
a John Milliton who married Elizabeth Worth daughter of Thomas Worth and
Isabella Bevill, daughter of Humphrey Bevill of
Thomas Worth married Elizabeth Milliton
their son Thomas Worth produced Elizabeth Worth who married John
Milliton, their great granddaughter was Elizabeth Milliton who married John
Bevill and Mary Bevill their daughter married William Pomeroy
sometime around 1582- 1588
Ralph Bevill son of Raph and Jone Fitzwilliam married
Jone Tretherfe. Their son Raymond or Reynold married Margaret Arundel of
Lanherne House in St Columb Major where the Arundells were an influential local family . Their children were Elizabeth , Isabella and Raph Bevill. Raph
married a Tregidney. Their son John married Katherine Trefoius and their son
John Bevill married Elizabeth
Mathadarda 1435. Children of John & Elizabeth were John, 1438 Peter
1436 Katherine 1442.
Son Peter Bevill
appears to have married twice - He inherited Killigarth Manor in
Married 1st Maude Tresithney by whom he
2nd Thomasine Leigh by whom his children
Peter b1492, Isabella 1494 who married Peter
Pentire, Michael 1496 and Elizabeth 1498 married John Parker
His son Peter Bevill 1492 married Phillipa Beare their children were Agnes, William, Joan, Mary,
John Bevill 1558 became Sheriff of Cornwall , married Elizabeth Milliton at Killigarth
and their children were
1544 Elizabeth, married Henry Meggs
1546 Agnes, married Walter Kendall
1548 William Bevill married Jane Arundell
1550 Joan married Humphrey Prideaux
1550 Peter Bevill1552 Mary, married William Pomeroy,
and this connects to the Collaton Tree
1556 Phillip Bevill married Grace Veil.
Their daughter Elizabeth Bevill married
Barnard Greville brother of Sir Richard Greville the Kings General in the West
in the Civil Wars
1558 John, married Joan Killowe
The Hext Family were wealthy merchants
Andrew Pomeroy married Jane Hext daughter of Digory Hext wealthy heiress and grandaughter of Thomas Hext of Launceston - several times mayor of that town.
These Cornish Hext's almost certainly connect to the Hext family of Kingstone- 3½ miles S.S.W. of Modbury, in the South Hams
Jonathan Hext kindly sent me this -
In "Hextiana" Frances Margery says that a Thomas Hext living in Launceston in 1573 was probably the 2nd son of the John Hext who sold Kingstone to the Barnhouse family in the 16th century.'
Thomas Hext of Launceston in Cornwall - the House of Commons website has him born in 1487 - an alderman and Mayor five times in 1535, 1555 , 1575-76 , 1581-82 and 1589-90.
His son Thomas was probably the MP Thomas the elder was tenant of the lands of Launceston priory, of which the borough of Newport formed a part, was mayor of Launceston in 1535-6 and again in 1555 when the town was granted its new charter.
In 1588 his name appears on the list of gentlemen who were called upon to provide the Crown with money at the time of the Spanish Armada - "March 27, 1588 - £25." He built several houses in the centre of the town. It seems quite probably that stone from the recently dissolved and magnificnet Launceston Priory was used for these buildings.
The Will of Thomas Hext of Launceston 1595 mentions both Jane his wife and Digory Hext was his son . and Jane the daughter of his son Digory -
Other legatees include George & Thomas Hext, Digory does not appear on the Hext family tree and yet he inherited substantial properties from the Thomas Hext Will
and is named as his son- natural and legitimate- whose ' maiden daughter' Jane Hext who received a considerable inheritance from that Will.
Digory Hext was probably also a wealthy Merchant, he was from a family of merchants and Fowey at that time was a thriving port exporting wool and cloth-
He leased a house in Fowey on 13th Mar. 1599 from Nicholas. Borlase of Newlyn, gent., Fowey was the premier port of Cornwall at that time exporting Cornish cloth ( straight whites and russets),animal hides, fish and most of all tin and bringing in French wines, spices, salt, and linen.
Thomas Hext living in Launceston in 1573 was probably the 2nd son of the John Hext who sold Kingstone the house near Totnes, to the Barnhouse family in the 16th century.
This Thomas was an alderman for the town - Digory was also a mayor of Launceston