Pomeroys Ancient & Modern
Genealogical research into an old family with a further branch
There is a 2nd Pomeroy Twig here
Enjoy your search -
However Be Warned, - Genealogy is Highly Addictive!
The progenitor of the Pomeroy family tree came to England
with the Norman Conquest of 1066
The Family held lands around Falaise in Normandy the apple growing area of Normandy,
which may be the reason for the name.
The Keepers of the Apples ( orchards) of the King - Pome-de-la -Roi.
In those ancient times the land belonged to the Church or the King.
Nobles did knights service , military service, for the king.
The vassals of those nobles were in turn tenants, whilst the peasants (villeins or serfs) were obliged to live on their lord's land.
just as the land owning nobles gave homage to the king so those who worked the land give homage, labour, and a share of the produce to their overlord,
notionally in exchange for military protection.
Nobles were permitted to administer their estates without much intervention from the king and could hand their lands down to their eldest son.
There are the remains of a castle, the Chateau Ganne, in the municipality of La Pommeraye,
This lies 37 km south of Caen, in the region of Calvados,where apple brandy is made, and stands at the heart of "Norman Hills" by the River Orne.
The ancient and now ruined castle of de la Pomerai in Normandy le Chateaux Ganne
1066 and All That
Ralph or Radulphus de la Pomerai was awarded 58 Devonshire manors in Devon and at least 2 in Somerset
in 1068 for his support of the Duke William of Normandy , known as William the Bastard, the Conqueror and as William I of England. William was the illegitimate son of the unmarried Robert, Duke of Normandy, by his mistress Herleva and he was a contender for the throne of England,
which was held by his childless cousin Edward the Confessor.
The Pomeroy family name has continued into the present day in various spellings including
Pomerai, Pomeroy, Pomery, Pummery, Pomroy, PummeryThe manor and parish of Berry near Totnes in Devonshire England was the caput ( head or seat) of this large feudal barony.
here is a wonderful Benjamin Donn Map of Devon circa 1785
PLEASE NOTE- Pomeroy Twig does not have a database of Pomeroy families
POMEROY CONNECTIONS- researching links to the Maine & New England Colonists and their origins in Devon & Cornwall
This Website is a work in progress since research is on-going-
I am always interested to hear from anyone who uncovers new facts or documents that might help connect the dots
Berry Pomeroy Castle by English Heritage
English Heritage 'Before archaeological excavations began in 1980, Berry Pomeroy was generally believed to be a fortress of Norman origin.
In fact, it is now clear that the castle was begun by the Pomeroy family at some time in the late 15th century, and was only in the Pomeroy family's possession for around 70 years. The ruins found there now include the great house built by Somerset's descendants between about 1560 and 1610.
When the Pomeroy family began to build Berry Pomeroy Castle in the later 15th century, they had already owned the manor of ‘Berri’ for over 400 years. It had originally been granted by William the Conqueror to Ralf de Pomaria, a Norman knight from La Pommeraye near
Exactly when the castle was begun remains uncertain. It first appears in the records when Sir Richard Pomeroy died in 1496 as owner of the ‘honour, castle and manor of Bury’.
It seems most likely to have been begun by Richard's father, Henry,whose spouse was Alice Raleigh.
Henry died in 1481 only 16 years before 2nd his son Richard so it is just possible, that given the length of time it would have taken to build such a fortress,was begun by Sir Henry Pomeroy, and completed by the next generation.
Henry eldest son was St Clere, who had married a Courtenay in 1462, but he died, before his father, in 1471 after the battle of Tewekesbury. So the 2nd son became heir and Sir Richard whose 2nd wife was the very wealth Elizabeth Densyll daughter of successful merchant Richard Densyll took the title when his father died. His wife Elizabeth came very well dowered as the widow of the heir of an ambitious and successful family, Sir Martin Fortescue. It seems that Richard completed the building of the castle in around 1480 not long before Henry Tudor stole the throne for Richard III.
The Pomeroy family tree today has many branches but only one has a clearly recorded link with that ancient family.
This is the existing cadet line that was created in Ireland and became the lineage of Lord Harberton.
However with the advances in DNA it is beginning to look as if there may be other Pomeroy families that all connect back to a common ancestor
and maybe the armorial tree
The hunt is ongoing. 2016 & we do have a DNA breakthough that shows how the modern Pomeroy's link back to the armorial family
In the Beginning there was an Invasion, the Norman Conquest, followed by a Tax Accounting - the Domesday Book !
1066 AND ALL THAT and Who Got what
The Pomeroy family that descended from Ralph or Radulphus de la Pomerai came from Normandy with William Duke of Normandy.
For his part in the Norman Conquest of England Ralph de la Pomerai was awarded more than 50 manors, their lands and rents in Devon.
Ash (Bradworthy), Ashcombe, Aunk Berry Pomeroy, Radworthy, Brendon, Clyst St George, Curtisknowle, Dunsdon, Heavitree, Highleigh, Huxham, Keynedon, Lank Combe, Mamhead, Peamore, Sheldon, Smallridge, Southweek, Stockleigh Pomeroy, Strete Raleigh, Tale, Upottery, Washfield, Weycroft, Yeadbury, Great Torrington, Bruckland,
Caffyns Heanton, Cheriton (Brendon), Dunkeswell, Dunstone (Widecombe in the Moor), Gappah, Holcombe, Mowlish.
By around 1496 Pomeroy lands included Berry Pomeroy included Coffyns Heannton (Lynton) Ogewell, Churston Ferrers, Clyst Forneson (Sowton) Gattecombe in Colyton, Knighton Hethfield at Hennock, Pynesford in Asprington and Saltern at Budleigh Salterton.
The family became established in Devon at Bury or Berry Pomeroy near the thriving town of Totnes.
The family expanded and spread outward, and over the intervening centuries there were family groups across Devon and the south of the west country, into Cornwall and later into Dorset.
The senior line of the family became extinct in the 17th Century .
The current Pomeroy family , the Viscounts Harberton, stems from a cadet Irish branch stemming from the Ingsdon Manor family at Ilsington near Haytor on Dartmoor
Bury Pomeroy Castle no longer belongs to the Pomeroy family having been sold some 500 years ago, just 80 years after the Pomeroy builders finished it.
In 1547 Sir Thomas Pomeroy, being deeply in debt sold the barony with its castle, manors and the lands of Bury Pomeroy to Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset.
My suspicion is that the upkeep of the castle, with it retainers and obligations , proved too much for both his father Edward and for Thomas and his debts rose to a point where he had no choice but to sell the barony to the ambitious Seymour who, as uncle to Edward VI, had recently made himself Duke of Somerset.
Two years later Thomas got into even deeper trouble. He took part in the Prayerbook Rebellion of 1549,
For his part in this West Country rebellion, which was suppressed in a most bloody fashion, Sir Thomas was sent to the The Flete prison in London where he languished for several years before he was released and sent to the country.
It seems that some of his family leased back the family holdings at Sandridge in Stoke Gabriel near Dartmouth and in Brixham but by 1715 the main line died out when Joan daughter of Roger Pomeroy in 1679 married Humphrey Gilbert of the famous Gilbert family of nearby Compton Castle. Her cousin Hugh, son of Valentine Pomeroy had daughters who died in infancy and when he died in 1715 the Sandridge line of the Pomeroys ended in the male line, or so it seemed...
The Cornish Tregony Pomeroy line also died out , as did, apparently, the land-owning line at St Columb Major in Cornwall,
where some of the children of Collaton Pomeroys, in the parish of Newton Ferrers, near Plymouth lived.
Henry Pomeroy of Tregony and Richard Leigh son of Anne Pomeroy of Collaton Manor in Newton Ferrers and William Leigh of Leigh both married in 1600 and 1601 . Their wives were two sisters, Elizabeth and Eleanor Bonython of St Collumb Major.
The St Columb line ‘daughtered’ out in the mid 17th century when William Pomeroy died in 1622 at St Ervan in Cornwall- his Will lost in the bombing of Exeter in WWII
Ingesdon in Ilsington parish a manor near the village of Bickington in Devon. This Ilsington branch of the family became extinct in the 17th century.
In 2012 we discovered a previously unknown group of Pomeroys who seem to have descended from the Ingsdon branch and moved to Landrake in Cornwall,their descendants going into the East India Company and moving to London.
The Pomeroy's who went to Ireland fared better.
Some went off the West Virginia in the 1750’s and those who remained became a newly created armorial line the Ingsdon cadet branch.
This is the current Viscounts Harberton line.
However DNA has shown that there are descendent from the Stoke Gabriel and Sandridge line and Cornwall, Somerset, Dorset as well as Devon all have ancient well founded families.
We are still seeking to establish where THE MODERN POMEROY'S CAME FROM
and there are numerous dedicated people are hunting for the answer
A VERY LITTLE ENGLISH HISTORY
When William the Bastard, called the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy sailed from Normandy in 1066 AD he brought some 500 knights with him.
The Battle at Hastings that resulted from this invasion was after some turbulant times to create the beginnings of a nation of unity and power, England and ultimately Great Britain.
Ralph de la Pomerai is recorded in 1066 in the Battle Rolls at Falaise as being one of the knights with William the Conqueror.
In 1068 he is recorded as taking part in the siege of Exeter. Awarded 58 manors in Devon including Berry Pomeroy, plus two in Somerset by the time of Ralph's his death in around 1102 his estate was the fifth largest baronial landholding in Devon.
He is recorded in 1066 in the Battle Rolls at Falaise as being one of the knights with William the Conqueror
In 1068 he is recorded as taking part in the siege of Exeter. Awarded 58 manors in Devon including Berry Pomeroy, plus two in Somerset by the time of Ralph's death in around 1102 his estate was the fifth largest baronial landholding in Devon
UK Genealogy an excellent site run by Nigel Batty Smith.
Devonshire in 1068 Domesday Book Lands held at Domesday by Ralph de la Pomerai
Berry Pomeroy. A brief history de la POMERAI The family name of Pomeroy was derived from the apple growing orchards of La Pommeraie, in Calvados, arrondissement of Falaise, canton of Thury-Harcourt, Normandy, France. [If you look at a map of western France Calvados is close to the Normandy coast , Falaise where William the Conqueror was born, is on a parallel with Paris.] The name may arise from the family position as keepers of the king's apple orchards. Pomme = apple- de la Roi- of the King
Roger de la Pomerai Born circa 1010 in Of Saint Sauveur de la Pommeraye, La Manche, Normandy, France.
The descent of the de la Pomeroy family is as follows.
Ralph de Pomeroy (d. pre-1100), feudal baron of Berry, Domesday Book holder in 1086.
William de Pomeroy (d. pre-1114), without progeny. In 1102 he donated Berry to Gloucester Abbey, which was redeemed by his brother Joscelin in exchange for Seldene.
Joscelin (Gozeline) de Pomeroy (d. post-1123) (brother) married Emma his sons were Henry Roger, Phillip Radulphus and Joscelius.
Henry De La POMERAI Married before 1146 to Rohesia or Rose, sister of Reginald Earl of Cornwall Died: AFT 1176 who was the illigitimate son of HENRY I "Beauclerc" of Normandy (King of England) by his mistress Sybilla CORBET
their children: were Henry & Joscelinus who was tried for HighTreason and compleeld to become a monk from 1194 until 1199.
Son and heir Henry de la Pomeroy (the 1st of that name) became Constable of Normandy, a household knight of King Henry I (1100-1135) and named as one of the king's household constables in the Constitutio Domus Regis. He was a leader of the king's household troops on several occasions, notably in 1124 at the Battle of Bourgtheroulde, about ten miles southwest of Rouen. Died pre-1165. His wife was Rohesia Bardolf and they had at least 2 sons . Their 2nd son was Geoffrey of Bokerell from whom the cadet line came which gave us Thomas Pomeroy son of Robert of Sandridge who married the heiress of the Pomeroy title Johanna Chudleigh in 1388 .
the 2nd Henry de Pomeroy (d.1201/7). Following his death his estates were assigned by King John to the custody of William Brewer until 1210 when his heir raised 600 marks for his feudal relief. Spouse Alice de Vere daughter of one of the Magna Carta barons Robert de Vere 4th Earl of Oxford by his spouse Maud Bolbec.
Henry de Pomeroy (d.1222) (son), married Joan de Vautort (Valletort), a daughter and in her issue co-heir of Roger II de Vautort (d.1207), feudal baron of Totnes from 1206.
the 3rd Henry de Pomeroy (1211-1236) died in the Holy land in1235/6 spouse Margerie de Veron
Henry de Pomeroy (d.1281), was a minor under 21in 1249. He confirmed his ancestor's grants to Ford Abbey. In 1259 he was ordered by royal summons to be at Salop with horse and arms against Llewellyn ap Griffith. He married a certain Isolda de Bathonia, a widow, who survived him and in 1292 held as her dower 1/3 of Berry and Stockleigh Pomeroy
the 4th Sir Henry de Pomeroy (1266-1305), (son). He was born at Tregony, Cornwall. Obtained a quarter of the feudal barony of Totnes in 1305 when the inheritance of his cousin Roger III de Vautort (1275-1305) reverted to the crown.
He married in 1281 to Amicia de Camville, daughter of Sir Geoffrey de Camville. She survived her husband and in 1325 held the manor of Stockley Pomeroy in dower.
the 5th Sir Henry de Pomeroy (1291-1327) (son), married Johanna de Moels, daughter of John de Moels, Baron Moels. and had five sons for whom they created a successive entail. Henry the heir, John, William, Nicholas and Thomas the fifth son. The daughter of Henry by his 2nd wife Elizabeth Courtenay was Elizabeth, who married Oliver Carminow of Cornwall.
Henry took the title next his wife unnamed by Vivian but recently I found mentioned in a record with emntion of his wife as Emmot. They had 3 children John, Joanna who married Sir James Chudleigh and Margaret who married Adam Cole.
Sir John de Pomeroy (1347-1416), married Johanna de Merton, daughter and co-heir of Richard de Merton and widow successively of Sir James Chudleigh (whose 1st wife had been his sister Johanna de Pomeroy) and John Bampfield of Poltimore, the marriage was without progeny. His heir was his nephew John Cole, son of his sister Margaret, and his neice Johanna Chudleigh (1376-1423), daughter of his sister Johanna, who married Thomas Pomeroy son of Robert Pomeroy.
Sir Thomas Pomeroy son of Robert of Sandridge of the cadet line Thomas usurped the declared heir Edward and took the title until his childless death in 1426 when the title reverted to the original line and Edward son of Thomas 5th son of Sir Henry and Johanna Moels took the title.
Edward de Pomeroy (d.1446), first cousin of Sir John de Pomeroy (d.1416). Edward was Sheriff of Devon in 1431. He married Margaret Bevile (d.1461), daughter of John Bevile
the 6th Henry de Pomeroy (1416-1481) (son), married Alice Raleigh, daughter of John Raleigh of Fardell, Devon.It was this man who began the building of Berry Pomeroy Castle
His eldest son Sir St Clere de Pomeroy (born about 1440, married to Catherine Courtenay of Powderham [the Courtenays at Powderham were at that time the cadet line of this family] Married in September 1462 St Clere died in 1471 after the Battle of Tewkesbury . fighting on the Lancastrian side which lost this battle . DSP he predeceased his father without issue.
The second son Richard became heir . He married first a Dame Anne and may have had two sons , one was Richard of Wells. Anne died and in about 1474 Richard married to wealthy Elizabeth Densill, widow of Martin Fortiscue who died in 1472 . They had at least 5 children who carried the line into the 17th century in Devon and in Tregony in Cornwall. Richard is thought to have finished the castle and either built or restored and extended the church in the village of Berry Pomeroy, where his tomb lies with that of his wife. His hoer was Edward.
In 1496 Sir Edward Pomeroy inherited the title and was married to Johanna Sapcot .They had 2 daughters and 4 sons 4th son was Edward 3rd son was William 2nd son was Hugh of Tregony who married Elizabeth Bonython .
The heir Sir Thomas who took the tile in 1538 and was married to Joan Edgecumbe and died around 1566. He seems to have been an extravagant chap and was forced through debt to sell the barony in 1547 and the family went to Sandridge after that. He was also involved in the Prayerbook Rebellion of 1549.
The hand drawn illustrations on the website are by webmaster Annie J.R. Pomeroy.They are her copyright and her intellectual property. 2010.
Email is wooltucker(at) gmail.com