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POMEROY Twig - one
a few branches from a large family tree going back to the Norman Conquest


de Pomerie, Pomeroy. Pomery, Pummery, Pommery, Pomroy, Pamery, Pomere, Pawmeray
 From a time when very few people could read or write there are many variations in the spelling;
it also depended on what the 'scribe' doing the writing thought he heard.
Local dialect also comes into it and sometimes a bit of social climbing. 
Some spellings have become regional, Pomery is frequently of Cornish origin,
Pomeroy is often Devon or Dorset and so on...


This sit
e is owned by Annie J Pomeroy who had no training in genealogical research
The  hand drawn illustrations on the website are by  Annie J.R. Pomeroy who owns copyright and the intellectual property. 2010.
 
Pomeroys Ancient & Modern
begun in 1997 this site reflects the genealogical research into the  
Baronial Family of la Pomerai



There is a 2nd Pomeroy Twig here

Enjoy your search - 
                   However Be Warned,  -  Genealogy is Highly Addictive!
                the information on the site is all verifiable - 
presented here by A. J. Pomeroy B.A. hons. who has become an experienced researcher.


 The progenitor of the Pomeroy family tree came to England
 with the Norman Conquest of 106
6

The Family  held lands around Falaise in Normandy the apple growing area of Normandy,
in the area where Calvados brandy is made.

which may be the reason for the name.
The Keepers of the Apples ( orchards)  of the King - Pome-de-la -Roi.

In those ancient times the land belonged to the Church or the King.
Nobles did knights service , military service, for the king.
The vassals of those nobles were in turn tenants, whilst the peasants (villeins or serfs) were obliged to live on their lord's land. 
just as the land owning nobles gave homage to the king so those who worked the land give homage, labour, and a share of the produce to their overlord,
 notionally in exchange for military protection.
Nobles were permitted to administer their estates without much intervention from the king and could hand their lands down to their eldest son.


There are the remains of a castle,  the Chateau Ganne, in the municipality of La Pommeraye,

This lies 37 km south of Caen, in the region of Calvados,where apple brandy is made,
and stands at the heart of "Norman Hills" by the River Orne.

The ancient  and now ruined castle of de la Pomerai in Normandy  le Chateaux Ganne   
click on image for the link




1066 and All That

Ralph or Radulphus  de la Pomerai was awarded 58 Devonshire manors in Devon and at least 2 in Somerset
in 1068  for his support of the  Duke William of Normandy ,  known as William the Bastard,  the Conqueror and  as William I of England.  William was the illegitimate  son of the unmarried Robert,  Duke of Normandy, by his mistress Herleva and he  was a contender for the throne of England,
which was held by his childless cousin Edward the Confessor.

The Pomeroy family name has continued into the present day in various spellings including

Pomerai, Pomeroy, Pomery, Pummery, Pomroy, Pummery
The manor and parish of Berry near Totnes in Devonshire England was the caput ( head or seat) of this large feudal barony.


here is a wonderful Benjamin Donn Map of Devon circa 1785
 
PLEASE NOTE-  Pomeroy Twig does not have a database of Pomeroy families

POMEROY CONNECTIONS-
researching links to the Maine & New England Colonists and their  origins in Devon & Cornwall
  • A comprehensive and carefully researched accounting of Pomeroy genealogy, from around the 16th C onwards correcting many
    of the errors made in the past. 
  • Queries about USA families should be directed to  the  American Pomeroy website
  •  Eltwid or Eltweed Pomeroy was a colonist who migrated from Beaminster in Dorset around 1620 -
    For years
    his line formed the basis of a connection to the armorial tree of Pomeroy.  This connection was later regarded as debatable
    BUT more recent DNA now says he was of the family at Sandridge and Brixham, although the link from Devon to Dorset is still missing

Some of the Crests of Families Associated the Pomeroy - over many generations



          This Website is a work in progress  since research  is on-going- 
I am always interested  to hear from anyone who uncovers new facts or documents that might help connect the dots

If you wish to contribute please email me see link at foot of page


Setting the Scene.

The past was not a peaceful place, particularly along the coast. For hundreds of years the southwest coast of England was terrorised by the Barbary pirates, fearsome raiders who burnt settlements, sank ships and carried off thousands of men, women and children into slavery. 

When the sinister black ships over the horizon panic ensued along the Cornish and Devon coastline. Villagers fled inland, fishermen cut their nets and tried to flee. Many did not escape and ended as slaves in the galleys, quarries, fields and in the palaces of the Sultans of North Africa. 

There are no records of exactly how many were enslaved, but it is thought that around 8,500 new slaves were needed annually to replenish numbers.


 Apart from Barbary Pirates  in the C14th & C15th it was French who caused the most concern. They harried coastal settlements along the south coast of England and there were numerous violent episodes. 

In 1340 the French were rebuffed when they attempted an invasion of the Isle of Wight  but they went on to burn the tiny fishing port of Teignmouth; something they did again in 1690 after they won the  sea Battle of Beachy Head against English & Dutch fleet ;  they also attacked Budleigh in east Devon in 1348; the significant and busy ports of Dartmouth and Plymouth were raided in 1377. 


One was a spectacular defeat for the French was in 1404 when they landed at Blackpool Sands just south of Dartmouth.  Two French nobles had fitted ships out to take revenge for assaults along the coast at Dartmouth  after an raid  Dartmouth sailors had made on the Brittany coast. 
The French ships landed men at Blackpool Sands, but were repelled with a French nobleman being killed and some of his knights taken captive.
 


Following these attacks in the C15th  fortifications were built at Kingswear & Dartmouth at the mouth of the Dart river,
at Berry Pomeroy a few miles inland;  at Totnes where additional fortifications were undertaken ; at Powderham on the Exe estuary with additional fortifications on the castles at  Plymouth and Trematon on the Tamar estuary.
These  raids are most likely what prompted the Pomeroys to build a fortified castle at their manor of Bury Pomeroy


Like many landowners Edward POMEROY b circa 1400 d.1446 , was made a Commissioner of Inquiry into Piracy in Dorset, Devon, Cornwall. June 1432 ; Commissioned to take musters May 1440;
Musters were a record of forces that could be raised as a local Militia in the event of an attack. They recorded the men and weapons each village could raise; how many able bodied men with weapons they could provide, although this was often a single suit of armour for the lord of the manor, with his horse and sword, along with a few men armed with long bows and arrows, billhooks and pikes.

 


Berry Pomeroy Castle by English Heritage

English Heritage 'Before archaeological excavations began in 1980, Berry Pomeroy was generally believed to be a fortress of Norman origin.
The castle itself was begun by the Pomeroy family at some time in the late 15th century, and was only in the Pomeroy family's possession for around 70 years. The ruins  found there now include the great house built by Somerset's descendants between about 1560 and 1610.

    When the Pomeroy family began to build Berry Pomeroy Castle in the later 15th century, they had already owned the manor of ‘Berri’ for over 400 years. It had originally been granted by William the Conqueror to Ralf de Pomaria, a Norman knight from La Pommeraye near

 The Pomeroys may have occupied an unfortified manor house by the village church, which was still in full use in 1496. Archaeology has established that the castle was built on a previously unused site over a mile north-east of the village church, within an existing deer park. 
In a record shows that in 1207 there was a 'hall' on the site which could have comprised of a large open space hall with a fireplace and with rooms such as a solar on a mezzanine,  a gatehouse and maybe even what is now called Margaret's Tower all of which could well have acted as 'hunting Lodge'.

 Exactly when the castle was begun remains uncertain. It seems to have been built during the period knows as the Wars of the Roses and first appears in the records late in the 15th century. Sir Richard Pomeroy who died in 1496 is recorded as owner of the ‘honour, castle and manor of Bury’.  It seems most likely to have been begun by Richard's father, Henry,whose spouse was Alice Raleigh.
Henry died in 1481 only 16 years before 2nd  his son Richard  so it is just possible, that given the length of time it would have taken to build  such a fortress,was begun by Sir Henry Pomeroy, and completed by the next generation.

Henry eldest son was St Clere, who had married a Courtenay in 1462, but he died, before his father, in 1471 after the battle of Tewkesbury.  So the 2nd son became heir  and  Sir Richard whose 2nd wife was the very wealth Elizabeth Densyll daughter of successful merchant Richard Densyll took the title when his father died. His wife  Elizabeth came very well dowered as the widow of the heir of an ambitious and successful family, Sir Martin Fortescue. It seems that Richard completed the building of the castle in around 1480 not long before Henry Tudor stole the throne for Richard III.


The Pomeroy family tree  today has many branches but only one has a clearly recorded  link with that ancient family.
This is the existing cadet line that was created in Ireland and became the lineage of Lord Harberton.

However with the advances in DNA it is beginning to look as if there may be other Pomeroy families that all connect back to a common ancestor
and maybe the armorial tree

The hunt is ongoing. 2016 & we do have a DNA breakthough that shows how the modern Pomeroy's link back to the armorial family

In the Beginning there was an Invasion, the Norman Conquest, followed by a Tax Accounting - the Domesday Book  !

1066 AND ALL THAT  and Who Got what


The Pomeroy family that descended from Ralph or Radulphus  de la Pomerai came from Normandy with William Duke of Normandy.
For his part in the Norman Conquest of England Ralph de la Pomerai was awarded  more than 50 manors, their lands and rents in Devon.

Ash (Bradworthy), Ashcombe, Aunk Berry Pomeroy, Radworthy, Brendon, Clyst St George, Curtisknowle, Dunsdon, Heavitree, Highleigh, Huxham, Keynedon, Lank Combe, Mamhead, Peamore, Sheldon, Smallridge, Southweek, Stockleigh Pomeroy, Strete Raleigh, Tale, Upottery, Washfield, Weycroft, Yeadbury, Great Torrington, Bruckland,
 Caffyns Heanton, Cheriton (Brendon), Dunkeswell, Dunstone (Widecombe in the Moor), Gappah, Holcombe, Mowlish.

By around  1496 Pomeroy lands included  Berry Pomeroy included Coffyns Heannton (Lynton) Ogewell, Churston Ferrers,  Clyst Forneson (Sowton)  Gattecombe in Colyton, Knighton Hethfield at Hennock, Pynesford in Asprington and Saltern at Budleigh Salterton.

The family became established in Devon at Bury or Berry  Pomeroy near the thriving town of Totnes.
The family expanded and spread outward, and over the intervening centuries there were family groups across Devon and the south of the west country, into Cornwall  and later into Dorset.  
The senior line of the family became extinct in the 17th Century .

The current Pomeroy family , the Viscounts Harberton,  stems from a cadet Irish branch stemming from the Ingsdon Manor family at Ilsington near Haytor on Dartmoor

Bury Pomeroy Castle no longer belongs to the Pomeroy family having been sold some 500 years ago,  just 80 years after the Pomeroy builders finished it.


In 1547
Sir Thomas Pomeroy, being deeply in debt sold the barony with its castle, manors and the lands of Bury Pomeroy  to Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset.
My suspicion is that the upkeep of the castle, with it retainers and obligations , proved too much for both his father Edward and for Thomas  and his debts rose to a point where he had no choice but to sell the barony to the ambitious Seymour who,  as uncle to Edward VI,  had recently made himself Duke of Somerset.

Two years later Thomas got into even deeper trouble. He took part in the Prayerbook Rebellion of 1549, 

For his part in this West Country rebellion, which was suppressed in a  most bloody fashion, Sir Thomas  was sent to the The Flete prison in London where he languished for several years before he was released and sent to the country.

It seems that some of his family leased back the family  holdings at Sandridge in  Stoke Gabriel near Dartmouth and in Brixham  but by 1715 the main line died out when Joan daughter of Roger Pomeroy in 1679 married Humphrey Gilbert of the famous Gilbert family of nearby Compton Castle.  Her cousin Hugh, son of Valentine Pomeroy had daughters who died in infancy and when he died in 1715 the Sandridge line of the Pomeroys ended in the male line, or so it seemed...

The Cornish Tregony Pomeroy line also died out , as did, apparently, the land-owning line at St Columb Major in Cornwall,
 where some of the  children of Collaton Pomeroys, in the parish of Newton Ferrers, near Plymouth lived.

 Henry Pomeroy of Tregony and Richard Leigh son of Anne Pomeroy of Collaton Manor  in Newton Ferrers and William Leigh of Leigh both married in 1600 and 1601 . Their wives were two sisters, Elizabeth and Eleanor Bonython of St Collumb Major.

The St Columb line ‘daughtered’ out in the mid  17th century when William Pomeroy died in 1622 at St Ervan in Cornwall- his Will lost in the bombing of Exeter in WWII

The other family was at Ingesdon in Ilsington parish a manor near the village of Bickington in Devon. This Ilsington branch of the family became extinct in the 17th century.

In 2012 we discovered a previously unmentioned group of Pomeroys who seem to have descended from the Ingsdon branch and moved to Landrake in Cornwall, their descendants going into the East India Company  and moving to London.

The Pomeroy's who went to  Ireland fared better.
Some went off the West Virginia in the 1750’s  and those who remained became a newly created armorial line the Ingsdon cadet branch.
This is the current Viscounts Harberton line descending from  the 3rd son of the cadet line at Ingsdon.


DNA has shown that there are living descendents from the Stoke Gabriel and Sandridge line  as well as in  Cornwall, Somerset and in Dorset as well as Devon , all with ancient well founded families branches




We are still seeking to establish  where  THE MODERN POMEROY'S CAME FROM
and there are numerous dedicated people are hunting for the answer

      
A VERY LITTLE ENGLISH HISTORY

When William the Bastard, called the Conqueror,  Duke of Normandy sailed from Normandy in 1066 AD he brought some 500 knights with him.

The Battle at Hastings that resulted  from this invasion was after some turbulant times to create the beginnings of a  nation of unity and power, England and ultimately Great Britain.

Ralph de la Pomerai. He is recorded in Domesday in 1066 
xxxv Radulphus de Pomera
A bronze tablet in the ancient church at Dives Sur Mer in Normandy bears the names of many of the known Companions of the Conqueror who embarked from Dives, in 1066 and it includes Raoul(Ranulph,/Ralph) de la Pommeraie and Guillaume la Chevre.
Ranulph de Pomeroy is also on the Holinshead Roll, but despite what previous researchers have stated Hugue de la Pommera does not appear on the tablet or in other list and this researcher cannot find him on any Battle Role.
In 1068 he is recorded as taking part in the siege of Exeter. 

He was awarded 58 manors in Devon including Berry Pomeroy, plus two in Somerset by the time of Ralph's his death in around 1102 his estate was the fifth largest baronial landholding in Devon.
 

UK Genealogy an excellent site run by Nigel Batty Smith. 

Domesday Devonshire in 1068 Domesday Book   




                                                            
   My 4x great grandmother  an 1820 Settler in South Africa - Sarah Hornblow HERE 

    Devon Wool Trade a book I researched and illustrated HERE

     Annie Pomeroy Facebook Page HERE

                               My  Email : wooltucker(at) gmail.com


                   
                                   
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