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A TWIG of VAST TREE
that is

the POMEROY Family 
This site is owned by Annie Pomeroy. 
The  hand drawn illustrations on the website are by  Annie J.R. Pomeroy.
and are her copyright and her intellectual property. 2010
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Pomeroys Ancient & Modern

Genealogical research into an old family with a further branch

There is a 2nd Pomeroy Twig here

Enjoy your search -
                   However Be Warned,  -  Genealogy is Highly Addictive!


 The progenitor of the Pomeroy family tree came to England
 with the Norman Conquest of 106
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The Family  held lands around Falaise in Normandy the apple growing area of Normandy,

which may be the reason for the name.
The Keepers of the Apples ( orchards)  of the King - Pome-de-la -Roi.

In those ancient times the land belonged to the Church or the King.
Nobles did knights service , military service, for the king.
The vassals of those nobles were in turn tenants, whilst the peasants (villeins or serfs) were obliged to live on their lord's land. 
just as the land owning nobles gave homage to the king so those who worked the land give homage, labour, and a share of the produce to their overlord,
 notionally in exchange for military protection.
Nobles were permitted to administer their estates without much intervention from the king and could hand their lands down to their eldest son.


There are the remains of a castle,  the Chateau Ganne, in the municipality of La Pommeraye,

This lies 37 km south of Caen, in the region of Calvados,where apple brandy is made,
and stands at the heart of "Norman Hills" by the River Orne.

The ancient  and now ruined castle of de la Pomerai in Normandy  le Chateaux Ganne 
click on image for the kink


1066 and All That

Ralph or Radulphus  de la Pomerai was awarded 58 Devonshire manors in Devon and at least 2 in Somerset
in 1068  for his support of the  Duke William of Normandy ,  known as William the Bastard,  the Conqueror and  as William I of England.  William was the illegitimate  son of the unmarried Robert,  Duke of Normandy, by his mistress Herleva and he  was a contender for the throne of England,
which was held by his childless cousin Edward the Confessor.

The Pomeroy family name has continued into the present day in various spellings including

Pomerai, Pomeroy, Pomery, Pummery, Pomroy, Pummery
The manor and parish of Berry near Totnes in Devonshire England was the caput ( head or seat) of this large feudal barony.


here is a wonderful Benjamin Donn Map of Devon circa 1785

 

PLEASE NOTE-  Pomeroy Twig does not have a database of Pomeroy families



POMEROY CONNECTIONS-
researching links to the Maine & New England Colonists and their  origins in Devon & Cornwall
    • A comprehensive and carefully researched accounting of Pomeroy genealogy, from around the 16th C onwards
      correcting many of the errors made in the past.
 
  • Queries about USA families should be directed to  the  American Pomeroy website
  •  Eltwid or Eltweed Pomeroy was a colonist who migrated from Beaminster in Dorset around 1620 -
          his line formed the basis a debatable connection to the armorial tree of Pomeroy.  



          This Website is a work in progress  since research  is on-going- 
I am always interested  to hear from anyone who uncovers new facts or documents that might help connect the dots

If you wish to contribute please email me see link at foot of page


 
Berry Pomeroy Castle by English Heritage

English Heritage 'Before archaeological excavations began in 1980, Berry Pomeroy was generally believed to be a fortress of Norman origin.

    In fact, it is now clear that the castle was begun by the Pomeroy family at some time in the late 15th century, and  was only in the Pomeroy family's possession for around 70 years. The ruins  found there now include the great house built by Somerset's descendants between about 1560 and 1610.

    When the Pomeroy family began to build Berry Pomeroy Castle in the later 15th century, they had already owned the manor of ‘Berri’ for over 400 years. It had originally been granted by William the Conqueror to Ralf de Pomaria, a Norman knight from La Pommeraye near

 The Pomeroys previously occupied an unfortified manor house by the village church, which was still in full use in 1496. Archaeology has established that the castle was built on a previously unused site over a mile north-east of the village church, within an existing deer park.'
 Exactly when the castle was begun remains uncertain. It seems to have been built during the period knows as the Wars of the Roses and first appears in the records late in the 15th century. Sir Richard Pomeroy who died in 1496 is recorded as owner of the ‘honour, castle and manor of Bury’.  It seems most likely to have been begun by Richard's father, Henry,whose spouse was Alice Raleigh.
Henry died in 1481 only 16 years before 2nd  his son Richard  so it is just possible, that given the length of time it would have taken to build  such a fortress,was begun by Sir Henry Pomeroy, and completed by the next generation.

Henry eldest son was St Clere, who had married a Courtenay in 1462, but he died, before his father, in 1471 after the battle of Tewkesbury.  So the 2nd son became heir  and  Sir Richard whose 2nd wife was the very wealth Elizabeth Densyll daughter of successful merchant Richard Densyll took the title when his father died. His wife  Elizabeth came very well dowered as the widow of the heir of an ambitious and successful family, Sir Martin Fortescue. It seems that Richard completed the building of the castle in around 1480 not long before Henry Tudor stole the throne for Richard III.


The Pomeroy family tree  today has many branches but only one has a clearly recorded  link with that ancient family.
This is the existing cadet line that was created in Ireland and became the lineage of Lord Harberton.

However with the advances in DNA it is beginning to look as if there may be other Pomeroy families that all connect back to a common ancestor
and maybe the armorial tree

The hunt is ongoing. 2016 & we do have a DNA breakthough that shows how the modern Pomeroy's link back to the armorial family

In the Beginning there was an Invasion, the Norman Conquest, followed by a Tax Accounting - the Domesday Book  !

1066 AND ALL THAT  and Who Got what


The Pomeroy family that descended from Ralph or Radulphus  de la Pomerai came from Normandy with William Duke of Normandy.
For his part in the Norman Conquest of England Ralph de la Pomerai was awarded  more than 50 manors, their lands and rents in Devon.

Ash (Bradworthy), Ashcombe, Aunk Berry Pomeroy, Radworthy, Brendon, Clyst St George, Curtisknowle, Dunsdon, Heavitree, Highleigh, Huxham, Keynedon, Lank Combe, Mamhead, Peamore, Sheldon, Smallridge, Southweek, Stockleigh Pomeroy, Strete Raleigh, Tale, Upottery, Washfield, Weycroft, Yeadbury, Great Torrington, Bruckland,
 Caffyns Heanton, Cheriton (Brendon), Dunkeswell, Dunstone (Widecombe in the Moor), Gappah, Holcombe, Mowlish.

By around  1496 Pomeroy lands included  Berry Pomeroy included Coffyns Heannton (Lynton) Ogewell, Churston Ferrers,  Clyst Forneson (Sowton)  Gattecombe in Colyton, Knighton Hethfield at Hennock, Pynesford in Asprington and Saltern at Budleigh Salterton.

The family became established in Devon at Bury or Berry  Pomeroy near the thriving town of Totnes.
The family expanded and spread outward, and over the intervening centuries there were family groups across Devon and the south of the west country, into Cornwall  and later into Dorset.  
The senior line of the family became extinct in the 17th Century .

The current Pomeroy family , the Viscounts Harberton,  stems from a cadet Irish branch stemming from the Ingsdon Manor family at Ilsington near Haytor on Dartmoor

Bury Pomeroy Castle no longer belongs to the Pomeroy family having been sold some 500 years ago,  just 80 years after the Pomeroy builders finished it.


In 1547
Sir Thomas Pomeroy, being deeply in debt sold the barony with its castle, manors and the lands of Bury Pomeroy  to Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset.
My suspicion is that the upkeep of the castle, with it retainers and obligations , proved too much for both his father Edward and for Thomas  and his debts rose to a point where he had no choice but to sell the barony to the ambitious Seymour who,  as uncle to Edward VI,  had recently made himself Duke of Somerset.

Two years later Thomas got into even deeper trouble. He took part in the Prayerbook Rebellion of 1549, 

For his part in this West Country rebellion, which was suppressed in a  most bloody fashion, Sir Thomas  was sent to the The Flete prison in London where he languished for several years before he was released and sent to the country.

It seems that some of his family leased back the family  holdings at Sandridge in  Stoke Gabriel near Dartmouth and in Brixham  but by 1715 the main line died out when Joan daughter of Roger Pomeroy in 1679 married Humphrey Gilbert of the famous Gilbert family of nearby Compton Castle.  Her cousin Hugh, son of Valentine Pomeroy had daughters who died in infancy and when he died in 1715 the Sandridge line of the Pomeroys ended in the male line, or so it seemed...

The Cornish Tregony Pomeroy line also died out , as did, apparently, the land-owning line at St Columb Major in Cornwall,
 where some of the  children of Collaton Pomeroys, in the parish of Newton Ferrers, near Plymouth lived.

 Henry Pomeroy of Tregony and Richard Leigh son of Anne Pomeroy of Collaton Manor  in Newton Ferrers and William Leigh of Leigh both married in 1600 and 1601 . Their wives were two sisters, Elizabeth and Eleanor Bonython of St Collumb Major.

The St Columb line ‘daughtered’ out in the mid  17th century when William Pomeroy died in 1622 at St Ervan in Cornwall- his Will lost in the bombing of Exeter in WWII

The other family was at Ingesdon in Ilsington parish a manor near the village of Bickington in Devon. This Ilsington branch of the family became extinct in the 17th century.

In 2012 we discovered a previously unknown group of Pomeroys who seem to have descended from the Ingsdon branch and moved to Landrake in Cornwall,their descendants going into the East India Company  and moving to London.

The Pomeroy's who went to  Ireland fared better.
Some went off the West Virginia in the 1750’s  and those who remained became a newly created armorial line the Ingsdon cadet branch.
This is the current Viscounts Harberton line.

However DNA has shown that there are descendent from the Stoke Gabriel and Sandridge line  and Cornwall, Somerset, Dorset as well as Devon all have ancient well founded families. 




We are still seeking to establish  where  THE MODERN POMEROY'S CAME FROM
and there are numerous dedicated people are hunting for the answer

      
A VERY LITTLE ENGLISH HISTORY

When William the Bastard, called the Conqueror,  Duke of Normandy sailed from Normandy in 1066 AD he brought some 500 knights with him.

The Battle at Hastings that resulted  from this invasion was after some turbulant times to create the beginnings of a  nation of unity and power, England and ultimately Great Britain.

Ralph de la Pomerai. He is recorded in Domesday in 1066 
xxxv Radulphus de Pomera
A bronze tablet in the ancient church at Dives Sur Mer in Normandy bears the names of many of the known Companions of the Conqueror who embarked from Dives, in 1066 and it includes Raoul(Ranulph,/Ralph) de la Pommeraie and Guillaume la Chevre.
Ranulph de Pomeroy is also on the Holinshead Roll, but despite what previous researchers have stated Hugue de la Pommera does not appear on the tablet or in other list and this researcher cannot find him on any Battle Role.
In 1068 he is recorded as taking part in the siege of Exeter. 

He was awarded 58 manors in Devon including Berry Pomeroy, plus two in Somerset by the time of Ralph's his death in around 1102 his estate was the fifth largest baronial landholding in Devon.
 

UK Genealogy an excellent site run by Nigel Batty Smith. 

Domesday
Devonshire in 1068 Domesday Book   Lands held at Domesday by Ralph de la Pomerai


 
A Brief History of the Early Pomeroy family
Berry Pomeroy.    A brief history de la POMERAI The family name of Pomeroy was derived from the apple growing orchards of  La Pommeraie, in Calvados, arrondissement of Falaise, canton of Thury-Harcourt, Normandy, France. [If you look at a map of western France Calvados is close to the Normandy coast , Falaise where William the Conqueror was born, is on a parallel with Paris.] The name may arise from the family position as keepers of the king's apple orchards. Pomme = apple- de la Roi- of the King

Roger de la Pomerai Born circa 1010 in Of Saint Sauveur de la Pommeraye, La Manche, Normandy, France.
DESCENT.
The descent of the de la Pomeroy family is as follows.

 Ralph de Pomeroy (d. pre-1100), feudal baron of Berry, Domesday Book holder in 1086.
William de Pomeroy (d. pre-1114), without progeny. In 1102 he donated Berry to Gloucester Abbey, which was redeemed by his brother Joscelin in exchange for Seldene or Sheldon

Joscelin (Gozeline) de Pomeroy (d. post-1123) (brother) married Emma  his sons were Henry Roger, Phillip Radulphus and Joscelius.
Henry De La POMERAI  Married before 1146 to Rohesia or Rose, sister of Reginald Earl of Cornwall Died: AFT 1176  who was  the illigitimate  son of HENRY I "Beauclerc" of Normandy (King of England) by his mistress Sybilla CORBET. Their children were Henry the heir & Joscelin who was tried for High Treason and compelled to become a monk from 1194 until 1199.

Son and heir Sir Henry de la Pomeroy (the 1st of that name ) married Rohesia or Rose, sister of Reginald, Duke of Cornwall, both the illegitimate children of King Henry I.

He consented to his father's gift to Abbey of Val in Normandy in 1125. He paid Danegeld in Devon in 1133 and witnessed a deed in Normandy in 1135. He paid scutage in 1165 and died shortly after that.


the 2nd Sir Henry de Pomeroy (d.1201/7). His wife was Rose or Rohesia Bardolf .
He became Constable of Normandy, a household knight of King Henry I (1100-1135) and named as one of the king's household constables in the Constitutio Domus Regis. He was a leader of the king's household troops on several occasions, notably in 1124 at the Battle of Bourgtheroulde, about ten miles south-west of Rouen. He gave land to the Benedictine Priory of St Nicholas in Exeter in 1166. The Priory today is a museum to Elizabethan period.

In 1196  whilst  King Richard was away on Crusade Henry captured and fortified St Michaels Mount in Marazion Bay in Cornwall for Prince John. Legend has it that Henry killed himself rather than be tried for treason by Richard the Lion Heart. Following his death between 1196 & 1200 his estates under the control of the crown. King John assigned them to the custody of William Brewer until 1210 when the next Pomeroy heir raised 600 marks for them. 


the 3rd Sir Henry de Pomeroy (d.1222) (son),Spouse Alice de Vere  possibly the daughter Aubrey de Vere 1st Earl of Oxford by 3rd wife Alice de Clare and whose sons were 2nd, 3rd Earls of Oxford. Robert, the 3rd Earl was one of barons who witnessed the Magna Carta.

They had 2 sons Henry the heir and 2nd son Geoffrey who heads the cadet line at Bockerell, Clistwick Brandon, Upottery & Cheriton in east Devon


the 4th Sir Henry de Pomeroy (1211-1236) died in the Holy land in1235/6 married Joan de Vautort (Valletort), a daughter and in her issue co-heir of Roger II de Vautort (d.1207), feudal baron of Totnes from 1206.His mother in law Alice Vautort helped him with 400 marks towards claiming his feudal estate for which the crown demanded 600 marks.
He confirmed the gifts made by his ancestors of 2 acres of land at Boscawen and Trelgher in Cornwall to the monastery on St Michaels Mount and gave 4 pounds of candle wax to the Priory of St Nicholas in Exeter, wax that came from hives in Bockerel in east Devon.


the 5th Sir Henry de Pomeroy (d.1281), was a minor under 21 in 1225 and ward of de Turberville. He married Margerie de Vernon and did homage for the lands of his father.

After he died in about 1237 his widow was allowed custody of their son Henry on payment of 400 marks and by 1254 had custody of his lands.


the  6th Sir Henry  de Pomeroy (1266-1305) was 21 when his father died in 1237. He married  Isolda de Bathonia, a widow, who survived him. In 1254 he confirmed the grants of his ancestors to Ford Abbey. In 1259 he received a royal summons to appear with horse and arms in Shropshire on the Welsh borders, to fight against Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, the last native Prince of Wales. Henry died 12th July 1281 and in 1293 his widow held as her dower a 1/3 of Berry and Stockleigh Pomeroy. She had a licence from the king to marry whomsoever she pleased in 1282 and died in 1333


the 7th Sir Henry Pomeroy was born 1265 at Tregony,in Cornwall. He was married to Amica de Camville in 1281 age 16. He had to prove his age in 1287o and obtained a quarter of the feudal barony of Totnes in 1305 when the inheritance of his cousin Roger III de Vautort (1275-1305) reverted to the crown. Amicia survived her husband and in 1325 held the manor of Stockley Pomeroy in dower.

the 8th  Sir Henry de Pomeroy (1291-1327) (son), married Johanna de Moels, daughter of John de Moels, Baron Moels. and had five sons for whom they created a successive entail. Henry the heir, John, William, Nicholas and Thomas the fifth son.
The grandson of Thomas was Edward son of William who should have taken the barony next but he had to wait until after 1426 when Thomas Pomeroy Esq of the cadet line died. He married the co-heir to the barony Johanna Chudleigh

the 9th  Sir Henry de Pomeroy named as son of his father's 1st wife his wife is unnamed by Vivian but recently I found mentioned in a record with his wife called Emmot. They had 3 children John the heir who died without heirs , Joanna who married Sir James Chudleigh and had a daughter Johanna who married 3 times; and Margaret who married Adam Cole whose son John Cole was co-heir with his cousin Johanna Chudleigh

Sir John de Pomeroy (1347-1416), married Johanna de Merton, daughter and co-heir of Richard de Merton and widow successively of Sir James Chudleigh (whose 1st wife had been his sister Johanna de Pomeroy) and John Bampfield of Poltimore, the marriage was without progeny. His heir was his nephew John Cole, son of his sister Margaret, and his  neice Johanna Chudleigh (1376-1423), daughter of his sister Johanna, who married Thomas Pomeroy son of Robert Pomeroy.

Sir Thomas Pomeroy son of Robert of Sandridge of the cadet line Thomas usurped the declared heir Edward and took the title until his childless death in 1426  when the title reverted to the original line and Edward son of Thomas 5th son of Sir Henry and Johanna Moels took the title.
 Edward de Pomeroy (d.1446), first cousin of Sir John de Pomeroy (d.1416) grandson of the 5th son of Henry Pomeroy & Joanna Moels. Edward was Sheriff of Devon in 1431 and married Margaret Bevile (d.1461), daughter of John Bevile betrothed as a children in 1403.


the 10h  Henry  de Pomeroy (1416-1481) (son), married Alice Ralegh, daughter of John Raleigh of Fardell, Devon. It was this man who began the building of Berry Pomeroy Castle

 His eldest son Sir St Clere de Pomeroy (born about 1440, married to Catherine Courtenay of Powderham [the Courtenays at Powderham were at that time the cadet line of this family]  Married in September 1462 St Clere died in 1471 after the Battle of Tewkesbury. fighting on the Lancastrian side which lost this battle . DSP  he predeceased his father without issue.
The second son Richard became heir . He married first a Dame Anne and may have had two sons , one was Richard of Wells. Anne died and in about 1470 and Richard subsequently married to wealthy Elizabeth Densill, widow of Martin Fortiscue who died in 1472 . They had at least 5 children who carried the line into the 17th century in Devon and in Tregony in Cornwall. Richard is thought to have finished the castle and either built or restored and extended  the church in the village of Berry Pomeroy, where his tomb lies with that of his wife. His hoer was Edward.

In 1496  Sir Edward Pomeroy inherited the title and was married to Johanna Sapcot .They had  2 daughters and 4 sons 4th son was Edward 3rd son was William 2nd son was Hugh of Tregony who married Elizabeth Bonython .
The heir  Sir Thomas who took the tile in 1538 and was married to Joan Edgecumbe and died around 1566. He seems to have been an extravagant chap and was forced through debt to sell the barony in 1547 and the family went to Sandridge after that. He was also involved in the Prayerbook Rebellion of 1549.
 





 NEW  Illustration website HERE

Another ancestor an 1820 Settler in South Africa - Sarah Hornblow here:

Devon Wool Trade a book I researched and illustrated HERE

Annie Pomeroy Facebook Page HERE

Email is wooltucker(at) gmail.com




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