1. Who was reelected to the highest office in the country in 2012 (s 1)?
2. What did Barack Obama and Mitt Romney have in common in 2012 (s 1)?
3. What party continued in
control of the U.S. House of
4. What party continued (and today remains)
in control of the U.S. Senate by
5. Which are the two parts of Congress created by the U.S. Constitution (Course Outline, p. 10)?
6. Which political party promised the most change in health care policy and tax policy if it received sufficient votes in 2012 (s 1)?
7. For which parts of the federal government in Washington D.C. were elections held in 2012 (s 1)?
A) Covered California Deadline extended through Th., April 30 (Twitter, March 4 ACA for 4 posts) (healthcare timeline and archives) http://healthpolicy.usc.edu/ Wall Street Journal March 20, 2015, editorial, "An ObamaCare Plan Beats No Plan" / https://www.aei.org/policy/health-care/
C) Port slowdown / federal mediation -- strike / lockout? / Port Labor agreement reached 2/21/2015 details / USW refinery settlement / Globalization and ILWU / Twitter, March. 15--video for tt1110, Th. Mar 26 in Music Building Recital Hall, room 101 / Harry Bridges / PMA Annual Report--see page 4--listing shipping, terminal and dock facilities members
D) Assembly Member David Hadley (R) / November, 2014 page from Around the Capitol / Partisan rank = #53 Dem
Directions for quiz preparation: After completing all reading of the locations assigned for each lettered section below, please use complete sentences to incorporate the key words of the question in your written answer. In parentheses, indicate the location, if any, where the answer was found. Beginning Sept. 3, 4, or 8th, online quizzes will have from 5 to 25 questions& points.
Free Dallas Online Textbook (Username = laharborcusgov Password = laharborf11)
#0740 MW 9:35-11:00 a.m. in NEA 124/122 Proquest William Loiterman, Ph.D.
#0744 MW 11:10-12:35 p.m. in NEA 124/122 LAHC videos Political Science 1 (3 units) UC:CSU
#0745 TTh 11:10-12:35 p.m. in NEA 124/122 On the Web--Google: polsci001 SPRING, 2014, COURSE OUTLINE
#0770 TTh 12:45-2:10 p.m. in NEA 124/122 sites.google.com/site/politicalscience001 #3535 Wed 3:30-6:40 p.m. in NEA 124/122
TEXTBOOKS AND MATERIALS TO PURCHASE IN LAHC BOOKSTORE (PLUS OTHER CLASS TOOLS)
***REQUIRED: One large blank untorn “blue book” to be written in during the class hour. Be sure to bring with you to the second class meeting.
Steffen, Mack Shelley, Barbara Bardes, American Government & Politics Today: 2014-2015 brief 8th Cengage Advantage ed.,Stamford, CT: Cengage, 2015, [ISBN 978-1-285-43638-8
or ISBN 1285436385] (new $20,00
used $20.00, LAHC). Amer Gov’t Resources/CengageSrceNet
ch. 1 pdf plus Glossary and Index (a few randomly different pages are not
included with each access of the “Look Inside” image of the book) at
***REQUIRED: “ V” VanVechten, Renee, Calif. Politics: A Primer, 3rd ed., Los Angeles: Sage/CQ
Press., 2015 [ISBN 978-1-4833-4013-5 or ISBN 1483340139] (new $29.90, used $22.45)
to V, Chapter 1 plus Index through the “Look Inside” image of the book at
OFFICE HOURS IN NEA 179 (or NEA 124): TTh 2:10-3:10, Wed 12:35-2:00, Th 6:40–8:45 p.m. CONTACT: use email@example.com not 310/233-4583
ABSENCES: One class hour of absence on or before the last day to drop a class without a W, Thursday, Feb.20 may result in exclusion from the class.
Two class hours of absence on or before the last day to drop a class with a W, Thursday, May 8, may result in exclusion from the class.
MAKE-UP QUIZZES: Make-up quizzes are not available. Most students will want to take all twelve online quizzes, letters A through letter L.
All students must complete at least ten 25 point online quizzes. A missed 25 point quiz means that the student has fewer quiz scores to choose from.
EXTRA CREDIT: none is given, but a political engagement essay written in class explaining how individuals affiliate to groups for political purposes
EARNING UP TO MAXIMUM OF 400 POINTS IN THE COURSE: up to 25 points may be earned on each online quiz, A
through L listed above. A total of
25 points may be earned on assignments in the first two weeks. A political engagement in-class essay for 25 points--as will be specified—is required of each student. Up to 50 points may be earned on Scantron exams, including the required final exam. Approved writing on a specific policy replaces a 25 point score.
SCORES TO BE EARNED ON ASSIGNMENTS WORTH 25 (OR 50 POINTS FOR SCANTRONS) – 400 POINTS MAXIMUM IN THE COURSE
93% A 370-400* Must include online quiz for SSB chapter 13, domestic policy (quiz = 23-25 out of 25)
80% B 320-369 May include online quiz score for SSB chapter 13, domestic policy (quiz = 20-22 out of 25)
70% C+ 280-319 May include online quiz score for SSB chapter 13, domestic policy (quiz = 18-19 out of 25)
70% C- 280-319 May include 50 point Scantron score on the Foreign Policy Study Guide (quiz =18-19 out of 25)
50% D 200-279 May include 50 point Scantron score on the Foreign Policy Study Guide (quiz =13-17 out of 25)
CHECKLIST OF STEPS FOR POLITICAL ENGAGEMENT
Online registration to vote in CA
Ø In column 1, make a check to the right of #101, 102, 103, and 104 to verify completion. Then circle #107, #109 or #110 to show the date and topic of most interest to you. You will research it before the second class and write about it in your blank blue book during class.
Ø With honesty, explain to a class neighbor your level of interest in any topics related to democratic government, non-democratic government or in any aspect of politics.
Ø After examining the evidence your neighbor has provided, when the instructor says to begin and end, please use the paper he specifies to write one thoughtful paragraph using complete sentences evaluating the evidence given by the neighbor to answer the question given in the box below. Write only in the third person. Use no first or last names.
o the exact location where the neighbor will prepare for this class during the following weeks
o what the neighbor says are the total hours, days, times he/she will prepare weekly for class
o any factors that may prevent the neighbor from fulfilling his/her study plans for this class.
LOS ANGELES COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT
DISTRICT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
The policy of the Los Angeles Community College District is to
implement affirmatively equal opportunity to all qualified employees
and applicants for employment without regard to race, color, national
origin, ancestry status, religion, creed, sex, pregnancy, age, handicap,
marital status, medical condition (cancer related), sexual orientation,
or veteran status.
Positive action will be taken to ensure that this policy is followed
in all personnel practices, including recruitment, hiring, placement,
upgrading, transfer, demotion, treatment during employment,
rate of pay or other forms of compensation, selection for training,
layoff , or termination. A vigorous Affirmative Action Program will be
maintained to ensure appropriate utilization of certain protected
groups in specific areas and levels within the district workforce
through the implementation of specific result-oriented procedures
and activities (Board Rule 101301).
Inquiries regarding Affirmative Action at Los Angeles Harbor College
should be directed to the College Compliance Office, Nina Malone,
Seahawk Center, 201
As approved by the Associated Student Organization and by the
Academic Senate, all cell phones and electronic sound-emitting
devices shall be turned off at all times during classes. Cell phones
and pagers put on vibrate are acceptable, headsets are not.
College Advisory Committees
College advisory committees, composed of representatives from
business and industry, continually provide information and guidance
in regard to occupational program development and trends affecting
training and employment.
Unauthorized distribution of copyrighted material, including
unauthorized peer-to-peer file sharing, may subject students to
civil and criminal liability. Civil liability for copyright infringement
may include payment of monetary damages to the copyright owner.
Criminal penalties for copyright infringement may include fines up to
$250,000 and imprisonment up to ten years. Students who violate
the District’s computing facilities usage policy (LACCD Administrative
Regulation B-28) may also be subject to college disciplinary action,
including but not limited to, suspension or expulsion.
In accordance with Section 22 of the Drug-Free Schools and
Communities Act of 1989, Los Angeles Harbor College strives
to maintain a drug and alcohol free campus for its students and
employees. The unlawful manufacture, distributi on, dispensati on,
use of, and possession by students and college employees of illegal,
controlled substances or alcohol in all buildings, property, faciliti es,
service areas, or on District business is prohibited (per Board Rules
regarding Standards of Conduct, Secti on 9803.19).
The College maintains a drug and alcohol free awareness policy to
inform students and employees about the dangers and health risks
of drug and alcohol abuse in the workplace, on the campus and
during college sponsored acti viti es.
Students and employees will be informed of the sancti on that
will be imposed for policy violati ons and the availability of drug/
alcohol counseling, treatment, and rehabilitati on assistance. This
policy statement serves as the annual noti fi cati on as required by law.
All students and employees are required to comply with this policy
as a conditi on of their conti nued student status or employment.
Any student or employee violati ng this policy may be required
to parti cipate sati sfactorily in a Substance Abuse Rehabilitati on
Program, and/or may be subject to disciplinary acti on, up to and
including dismissal, or exclusion under applicable District Policies. In
additi on, an employee convicted of any workplace drug crime, must
noti fy the college Personnel Offi ce within fi ve (5) days of convicti on.
The Family Educati onal Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) affords students
the following rights with respect to their educati onal records:
1. The right to inspect and review the student’s educati on
records which includes discipline records, within 45 days
from the date the College receives a request for access.
Students may submit to the College Admissions Offi ce writt en
requests that identi fy the specific record(s) they wish to inspect.
Within 45 days, the College Admissions Offi ce will make arrangements
for access and will noti fy the student of the ti me and place
where the records may be inspected.
Educati on records are those records that are directly related to
students and are maintained by the College. Students may not
inspect educati on records pertaining to parents’ financial records
and certain confi denti al lett ers or recommendations.
2. The right to request an amendment of the student’s
educational records which the student
believes to be inaccurate, misleading or otherwise
in violation of the student’s privacy rights.
With the excepti on of grade grievances which are handled through
Administrative Regulation E-55, students may ask the College
President, or his/her designee to amend a record that they believe
is inaccurate, misleading, or in violati on of their privacy rights. A
student seeking to amend an educati onal record should write to
the College President and clearly identi fy the part of the record he/
she wants changed and specify why it is inaccurate, misleading, or
in violati on of his/her privacy rights.
If the College President, or his designee, decides not to amend the
record as requested by the student, the College, in accordance with
secti on 99.21 of the Code of Federal Regulati ons and secti on 76232
of the Education Code, will noti fy the student of the decision and of
his/her right to a hearing.
3. The right to consent to disclosures of personally
identi fi able informati on contained in the student’s educati
onal records, except to the extent that FERPA and
California law authorize disclosures without consent.
If a student authorizes the release of his/her educati on record to
a third party, he/she shall provide a dated writt en consent to the
College Admissions Offi ce authorizing said release with a specifi c
list of the informati on to be released.
Federal and California law authorize certain disclosures of personally
identi fi able informati on without a student’s writt en consent.
One such excepti on is the disclosure of personally identi fi able informati
on to school offi cials with legiti mate educati onal interests.
School offi cials with legiti mate educati onal interests are employees
or agents of the Los Angeles Community College District who need
to review educati onal records in order to fulfi ll their professional
4. The right to restrict disclosure of personally identi fi -
able informati on that the College has designated as
directory informati on, which may be released without
the writt en consent of the student.
Directory informati on may be disclosed without a student’s consent
unless the student has noti fi ed the college that he/she does not want
all or portions of the directory informati on released. To do so, the
student must submit the appropriate District form to the College
Admissions Office requesti ng that some or all of the categories of
directory informati on not be released without his/her consent. This
form must be submitt ed in accordance with College policy.
Pursuant to Board Rule 5201.10, the Los Angeles Community College
District has designated the following student informati on as
directory informati on:
(a) the student’s name, city of residence, parti cipati on in offi cially
recognized acti viti es and sports, weight and height of members of
athleti c teams, dates of att endance, degrees and awards received,
and the most previous educati onal agency or insti tuti on att ended
by the student;
(b) student employee records may be released in order to comply
with collecti ve bargaining agreements;
(c) the names, addresses and telephone numbers of students or
former students may be released to the foundati on for each college
for college-related acti viti es at the discreti on of the College
President, unless the student or former student has informed the
College that such informati on should not be released. The release
of this informati on is conditi oned upon the foundati on’s agreement
that such informati on will be released in accordance with District
policy and that informati on will not be released to third parti es;
(d) at the discreti on of the College President, the names, addresses
and telephone numbers of students from the College may be released
to heads of private and/or public insti tuti ons of higher educati
on, or their designees, for the purpose of providing informati on
to students regarding transfer opportuniti es to those insti tuti ons,
unless the student has indicated that such informati on should not
be released. The release of this informati on will be conditi oned
upon the insti tuti on’s agreement that student privacy rights under
federal and state law will be protected and that informati on will not
be released to third parti es.
5. The right to fi le a complaint with the U.S. Department
of Education concerning alleged failures by the
College to comply with the requirements of FERPA.
The name and address of the offi ce that administers FERPA is:
Family Policy Compliance Offi ce U.S. Department of Educati on 400
Maryland Avenue S.W. Washington, DC 20202-4605
Students may be required to provide instructional and other
materials required for a credit or non credit course. Such materials
shall be of conti nuing value to a student outside of the classroom
setti ng and shall not be solely or exclusively available from the
State law in California prohibits the use of any electronic listening
or recording device in the classroom without prior consent of the
teacher and college administrati on. Any student who needs to
use electronic aids must secure the consent of the instructor. If
the instructor agrees to the request, a notice of consent must be
forwarded to the Dean of Academic Aff airs for approval.
Sexual Harassment Policy
It is the policy of the Los Angeles Community College District to
provide an educati onal, employment and business environment
free of unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and
other verbal or physical conduct or communicati ons consti tuti ng
sexual harassment, as defi ned and otherwise prohibited by state
and federal statutes.
It shall be a violati on of this policy for anyone who is authorized
to recommend or take personnel or academic acti ons aff ecti ng an
employee or student, or who is otherwise authorized to transact
business or perform other acts or services on behalf of the Los
Angeles Community College District, to engage in sexual harassment.
Within the educational environment, sexual harassment is
prohibited between students, between employees and students, and
between non-students and students. Within the work environment,
sexual harassment is prohibited between supervisors and employees,
between employees, and between non employees and employees.
Copies of the District Sexual Harassment Policy and Procedures
may be obtained from the College Compliance Offi cer, Nina Malone,
Seahawk Center 201. Additionally, all inquiries should be directed
to the College Compliance Office.
Smoking is not permitt ed in any classroom or other enclosed facility
which any student is required to occupy or which is customarily
occupied by nonsmoking students. Smoking is prohibited within 25
feet of any building entrance.
Student I.D. Numbers
Students receive a district wide identification number, which is
not their social security number. This student identi fi cati on number
will be used in registration and to identi fy all records pertaining to
Why you should use your social security
number on your admissions application.
To be eligible for fi nancial aid. You will not receive fi nancial
aid if you do not submit a social security number,
So your GPA can be submitt ed to the California Student
Aid Commission to determine if you are eligible for a Cal
Loan deferments are processed automati cally only for
students who have provided a social security number.
We, too, are concerned about your privacy. Your SSN will be
safeguarded and only available to offi ces that must have it to assist
you. We encourage all students to provide a social security number.
If you have any questi ons, come to the Financial Aid Offi ce in the
Student Services & Administrati on Building (SSA 114). We will be
glad to discuss your concerns with you.
Student Discipline Procedures
Community college districts are required by law to adopt standards
of student conduct along with applicable penalti es for violati on
(Educati on Code Secti on 66300). The Los Angeles Community College
District has complied with this requirement by adopting Board Rule
9803, Standards of Student Conduct [See below].
The District has adopted Board Rule 9804, Student Discipline
Procedures, to provide uniform procedures to assure due process
when a student is charged with a violati on of the Standards of
Student Conduct. All proceedings held in accordance with these
procedures shall relate specifi cally to an alleged violation of the
established Standards of Student Conduct.
These provisions do not apply to grievance procedures, student
organizati on councils and courts, or residence determination and
other academic and legal requirements for admission and retenti on.
Disciplinary measures may be taken by the College independently
of any charges filed through civil or criminal authorities, or both.
Copies of the Student Discipline Procedures are available in the
Office of the President.
Standards of Student Conduct
A student enrolling in one of the Los Angeles Community Colleges
may rightf ully expect that the faculty and administrators will maintain
an environment in which there is freedom to learn. This requires that
there be appropriate conditions and opportunities in the classroom
and on the campus.
As members of the College Community, students should be
encouraged to develop the capacity for critical judgment; to engage
in sustained and independent search for truth; and to exercise their
rights to free inquiry and free speech in a responsible, non-violent
Students shall respect and obey civil and criminal law, and shall
be subject to legal penalties for violation of laws of the city, county,
state, and nation.
Student conduct in all of the Los Angeles Community Colleges must
conform to District and College rules and regulations. Violations
of such rules and regulati ons, for which students are subject to
disciplinary acti on, include, but are not limited to the following:
Board Rule 9803.10. Willful disobedience to directions of College
officials acting in the performance of their duties.
Board Rule 9803.11. Violation of College rules and regulations
including those concerning student organizati ons, the use of College
facilities, or the time, place, and manner of public expression or
distributi on of materials.
Board Rule 9803.12. Dishonesty, such as cheating, or knowingly
furnishing false information to the Colleges.
Board Rule 9803.13. Unauthorized entry to or use of the College
Board Rule 9803.14. Forgery, alteration, or misuse of College
documents, records or identification
Board Rule 9803.15. Obstruction or disruption of classes,
administration, disciplinary procedures or authorized College
Board Rule 9803.16. Theft of or damage to property belonging to the
College, a member of the College Community or a campus visitor.
Board Rule 9803.17. The malicious or willful disturbance of the peace
or quiet of any of the Los Angeles Community Colleges by loud or
unusual noise or any threat, challenge to fi ght, fi ght, or violati on of
any rules of conduct as set forth in this Arti cle. Any person whose
conduct violates this secti on shall be considered to have interfered
with the peaceful conduct of the acti viti es of the college where such
acts are committed.
Board Rule 9803.18. Assault or battery, abuse, or any threat of force
or violence directed toward any member of the College Community
or campus visitor engaged in authorized activities.
Board Rule 9803.19. Any possession of controlled substances which
would constitute a violati on of Health and Safety Code section 11350
or Business and Professions Code section 4230, any use of controlled
substances the possession of which are prohibited by the same, or
any possession or use of alcoholic beverages while on any property
owned or used by the District or colleges of the District or while
parti cipati ng in any District or college-sponsored functi on or fi eld
trip. “Controlled substances,” as used in this secti on, include but are
not limited to the following drugs and narcoti cs: opiates, opium and
opium derivati ves, mescaline, hallucinogenic substances, peyote,
marijuana, sti mulants and depressants and cocaine
Board Rule 9803.20. Possession, while on a college campus or at a
college-sponsored functi on, of any object that might be used as a
lethal weapon is forbidden all persons except sworn peace offi cers,
police offi cers and other governmental employees charged with
Board Rule 9803.21. Behavior while on a college campus or at a
college-sponsored functi on, inconsistent with the District’s nondiscrimination
policy, which requires that all programs and activities
of the Los Angeles Community College District be operated in a
manner which is free of discrimination on the basis of race, color,
nati onal origin, ancestry, religion, creed, sex, pregnancy, marital
status, sexual orientati on, age, handicap or veteran status
Board Rule 9803.22. Any assemblage of two or more persons to 1)
do an unlawful act, or 2) do a lawful act in a violent, boisterous or
Board Rule 9803.23. Any agreement between two or more persons
to perform illegal acts.
Board Rule 9803.24. A direct or implied expression of intent to infl ict
physical or mental/emoti onal harm and/or acti ons, such as stalking,
which a reasonable person would perceive as a threat to personal
safety or property. Threats may include verbal statement, writt en
statements, telephone threats or physical threats.
Board Rule 9803.25. Conduct which may be considered disorderly
includes; lewd or indecent attire or behavior that disrupts classes
or college activities; breach of the peace of the college; aiding, or
inciting another person to breach the peace of college premises or
Board Rule 9803.26. Theft or abuse of computer resources including
but not limited to: a) Unauthorized entry into a file to use, read, or
change the contents, or for any other purpose. b) Unauthorized
transfer of a file. c) Unauthorized use of another individual’s
identification and password. d) Use of computing facilities to
interfere with the work of a student, faculty member or college
official, or to alter college or district records. e) Use of unlicensed
software. f) Unauthorized copying of soft ware. g) Use of computi ng
faciliti es to access, send or engage in messages which are obscene,
threatening, defamatory, present a clear and present danger, violate
a lawful regulati on and/or substantially disrupt the orderly operati on
of a college campus. h) Use of computing facilities to interfere with
the regular operation of the college or district computing system.
Board Rule 9803.27. Conduct while present on a college campus or at
a location operated and/or controlled by the District or at a District sponsored
event, which is prohibited by local, State, or federal law.
Board Rule 9803.28 Academic Dishonesty. Violations of Academic Integrity include, but are not limited to, the following actions: cheating on an exam, plagiarism, working together on an assignment, paper or project when the instructor has specifically stated students should not do so, submitting the same term paper to more than one instructor, or allowing another individual to assume one’s identity for the purpose of enhancing one’s grade.
Board Rule 9804. Every person who, by physical force, willfully
obstructs, or attempts to obstruct, any student or teacher seeking to
att end or instruct classes at any of the campuses or facilities owned,
controlled or administered by the Board of Trustees of Los Angeles
Community College District, is punishable by a fine not exceeding
fi ve hundred dollars ($500) or imprisonment in a county jail not to
exceed one year, or by both such fi ne and imprisonment. As used
in this secti on, “physical force” includes, but is not limited to, use
of one’s person, individually or in concert with others, to impede
access to or movement within or otherwise to obstruct the students
or teachers of the classes to which the premises are devoted.
Board Rule 9805. Every person who att empts to cause, or causes,
any offi cer or employee of the Los Angeles Community Colleges or
any public offi cer or employee to do, or refrain from doing, any act
in the performance of his/her duti es, by means of a threat to infl ict
any injury upon any person or property, is guilty of a public off ense.
Board Rule 9805.10. Every parent, guardian, or other person who
assaults or abuses any instructor employed by the District in the
presence or hearing of a community college student or in the
presence of other community college personnel or students and at
a place which is on District premises or public sidewalks, streets, or
other public ways adjacent to school premises, or at some other place
where the instructor is required to be in connecti on with assigned
college acti viti es is guilty of a misdemeanor.
Board Rule 9806. Conduct which poses a threat of harm to the
individual and/or to others. This includes, but is not limited to, the
following types of conduct: Unsafe conduct in connection with a
Health Services Program (e.g. Nursing, Dental Hygiene, etc.); failure
to follow safety directions of District and/or College staff ; willful
disregard to safety rules as adopted by the District and/or College;
negligent behavior which creates an unsafe environment.
ASSIGNMENTS FOR ESSAYS, QUIZZES, DISCUSSION—FIRST 2 WEEKS
Click here for the LACCD STANDARDS OF STUDENT CONDUCT from the LAHC CATALOG, pages 7-10 which guide this class.
To help pay college expenses, call the Financial Aid Office at (310) 233-4320 or visit SSA, Room 114, http://www.lahc.edu/finaid
If arriving late to class, go to the LAHC Checkout Counter in the LAC at the rear of the library building. Scan or manually enter your student i.d. into the Accutrack system to record your login and logout times. Request the DVD for New Los Angeles or Made in Los Angeles, or one of four DVDs for the lessons from the 26 lessons from the ITV course, “Political Science--Framework for Democracy” It is a study of the U.S. Constitution and the major principles, institutions, and policies of the American Federal system. (All DVDs are closed captioned). Bring your notes to receive the instructor’s initials and credit for attendance before the end of the class hour to which you arrived late.
To enroll in ITV Political Science 1 and some other classes that may be full at LAHC, visit http://www.lamission.edu/itv/schedule.aspx
or Google “itv mission college” and from left menu select “schedule” then “class locations and schedule.”
District Academic Dishonesty Policy
9803.28 Academic Dishonesty. Violations of Academic Integrity include, but are not limited to, the following actions: cheating on an exam, plagiarism, working together on an assignment, paper or project when the instructor has specifically stated students should not do so, submitting the same term paper to more than one instructor, or allowing another individual to assume one’s identity for the purpose of enhancing one’s grade.
Click here the for LACCD STANDARDS OF STUDENT CONDUCT from the LAHC CATALOG, pages 7-10 which guide this class.
First day to request vote by mail ballot 02/04/13 04/22/13
Last day to register to vote 02/19/13 05/06/13
THIS IS IMPORTANT
· Long before the Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776 the residents of the 13 British colonies were accustomed to having power to govern themselves because the English left them alone.
· After General George Washington defeated the British, he and other founders of the United States became the framers of the U.S. Constitution written by James Madison to create a new government that was divided into three branches--legislative branch, executive branch and judicial branch under the principles of separation of powers and checks and balances. The case of Marbury v. Madison proclaimed the power of judicial review for the courts
· Under the principle of federalism in the U.S. Constitution that went into effect in much power remained in the hands of the states, not the national government. After the U.S. Constitution went into effect in 1789, James Madison kept his promise and wrote the Bill of Rights to protect the rights of people and of the states.
POLITICAL ENGAGEMENT CHECKLIST
Thursday, March 19, 2015 from 4:30 PM to 6:30 PM
3626 E 5th St
Los Angeles, CA 90063