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Bibliography

Introductory remarks

For all topics, a good place to start is Atiya, Aziz S. (1991) The Coptic Encyclopedia, 8 vols. (New York: Macmillian Publishing Company).

For a detailed bibliography, you should consult Kammerer, Winifred (compiler). A Coptic Bibliography (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1950; Reprint New York: Kraus Reprint Co., 1969). Updates to be found in Simon, J. Bibliographie copte. In: Orientalia 18 (1949) - 36 (1967). There is also a good selected biography from Macquarie University.

General discussions

Emmel, Stephen

    1992

Languages (Coptic). In: David N. Freedman (ed.), The Anchor Bible Dictionary (Volume 4). New York: Doubleday, pp 180–188

Loprieno, Antonio

    1995

Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

    1995

Ancient Egyptian and other Afroasiatic Languages. In: J. Sasson (ed.), Civilizations of the Ancient Near East. London: Scribners, pp 2135-2150

    2001

From Ancient Egyptian to Coptic. In: Martin Haspelmath, Ekkehard König, Wulf Oesterreicher, Wolfgang Raible (eds.), Language Typology and Language Universals: An International Handbook (Volume 2). Berlin: Walter de Gruyten, pp 1742-1761 Book Preview

    2004

Ancient Egyptian and Coptic. In: Roger D Woodard (ed.), The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World’s Ancient Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 160-191

Polotsky, Hans J.

    1971

Coptic. In: Carleton Taylor Hodge (ed.), Afroasiatic: A Survey (Jana Linguarum: Series Practica 163). The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter, pp 67–79

Grammars

For a historical overview of Coptic grammars, see Fort, Jean-Louis. Temps et Aspect:Les Données des Grammaires Coptes (Paris: 2002), on which the bibliography below is based. For a discussion of the personalities behind those early grammars, see Hamilton, Alastair. “Grammars, Dictionaries, and Dialects” pp. 229-249. The Copts and the West (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006); Preview the book here.

The most recent and widely used Coptic grammars of the Sahidic dialect are those of Lambdin (1983), Layton (2004), Reintges (2004) and the newest grammar by Layton (2007). Another Sahidic grammar, now sixty years old but freely available on the internet is that of Plumley (1948). The newest Bohairic grammars are those of Horrocks (1985), which is not widely available, Mattar (1990) and Younan (2005).
 

Blumberg, Christian G.

    1716

Fundamenta Linguae Copticae (Leipzig: Groschuff) Scanned copy

Black, George F.

    1893

Grammar of the Coptic Language with Easy Reading Lessons [A copy of MacDonald (1856)]

Bonjour, Guillaume W.

    1698 (compl.)

Elementa Linguae Copticae seu Aegyptiacae [published recently in Elementa Linguae Copticae: Grammaire inèdite XVIIe siècle (Eds. Sydney H Aufrère and Nathalie Bosson. Geneva: Patrick Cramer Éditeur, 2005)]

Chaîne, Marius

    1910

Compendium Morphologiae Copticae (Rome: Pont. Universitatem Gregorianam)

    1933

Éléments de Grammaire Dialectale Copte: Bohairique, Sahidique, Achmimique, Fayoumique (Paris: Geuthner)

    1934

Les Dialectes Coptes Assioutiques A2: Les Charactéristiques de Leur Phonétique, de Leur Morphologie, de Leur Syntaxe. Supplément aux Éléments de Grammaire Dialectale Copte (Paris: Geuthner)

    1945

Le Verbe Copte: Sa Conjugaison dans Ses Rapports avec l’Égyptien (Paris: Geuthner)

Eccles, Lance

    1991

Introductory Coptic Reader. Extracts from the Gospel of Thomas with Full Grammatical Explanations (Kensington: Dunwoody Press)

Guidi, Ignatius

    1924

Elementa Linguae Copticae: Brevi Chrestomatia et Indice Vocabularum Instructa (Napoli: Ricciardi) Scanned copy

Kosack, Wolfgang

    1974

Lehrbuch des Koptischen. Teil I: Koptische Grammatik. Teil II: Koptiche Lesetücke (Graz: Akademische Druck- und Verlaganstalt)

Kircher, Athanasius

    1636

Prodromus Coptus Sive Aegyptiacus (Rome) Scanned copy

    1643

Lingua Aegyptiaca Restituta (Rome) Scanned copy

Horrocks J. B.

    1985

An Elementary Coptic Grammar (Bohairic Dialect; in 3 parts)

Houghton, Herbert P.

    1959

The Coptic Verb: Bohairic Dialect 2ed rev (Leiden: EJ Brill; 1ed 1948) Preview book

Lambdin, Thomas O.

    1983

Introduction to Sahidic Coptic (Macon: Mercer University Press) Preview book

Layton, Bentley

    2004

A Coptic Grammar with Chrestomathy and Glossary: Sahidic Grammar 2ed rev (Porta Linguarum Orientalium 20, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz; 1ed 2000)

    2007

Coptic in 20 Lessons: Introduction to Sahidic Coptic with Exercises and Vocabularies (Leuven: Peeters) Preview book

MacDonald, William B.

    1856

Sketch of a Coptic Grammar: Adapted for Self-Tuition (London: George Philip & Son) Scanned copy

Mallon, Alexis & Malinine Michel

    1956

Grammaire Copte: Bibliographie Chrestomathie et Vocabulaire 4ed (Beyrouth: Imprimerie Catholique; 1ed 1904, 2ed 1907, 3ed 1926) Scanned copy

Maspero, Gaston

    1871

Des Formes de la Conjugaison en Égyptien Antique, en Démotique et en Copte (Bibliothèque de lÉcole des Hautes Études 6, Paris: Libraine A Frank) Scanned copy

Mattar, Nabil

    1990

A Study in Bohairic Coptic (Pasadena: Hope Publishing House) Preview book

Murray, Margret A.

    1927

Elementary Coptic (Sahidic) Grammar 2ed (London: Quaritch; 1ed 1911)

Orlandi, Tito

    1970

Elementi di Lingua e Letteratura Copta. Corso di Lezioni Universitarie (Milan: La Goliardica)

    1983

Elementi di Grammatica Copto-Saidica (Roma: Corpus dei Manoscritti Copti Letterari) Pdf copy

Peyron, Vittorio A.

    1841

Grammatica Linguae Copticae (Turin) Scanned copy

Plisch, Uwe-Karsten

    1999

Einführung in die Koptische Sprache: Sahidischer Dialekt (Sprachen und Kulturen des Christlichen Orients 5, Wiesbaden: Reichert)

Plumley, John M.

    1948

An Introductory Coptic Grammar: Sahidic Dialect (London: Home & Van Thal) Scanned, hypertext and pdf copy

Polotsky, Hans J.

    1944

Études de Syntaxe Copte (Cairo: Société d’Archéologie Copte)

    1971

Collected Papers (Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, The Hebrew University)

Reintges, Chris

    2004

Coptic Egyptian (Sahidic Dialect): A Learner's Grammar (Afrikawissenschaftliche Lehrbücher 15, Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag)

Rosellini, Ippolito

    1837

Elementa Linguae Aegyptiacae Vulgo Copticae (Rome: commissioned by Francisci Archini) Scanned copy

Scholtz, Christianus & Woide, Carolus G.

    1778

Grammatica Aegyptiaca Utriusque Dialecti (Oxford: Clarendon Press) Scanned copy

Schwartze, Möritz G.

    1850

Koptische Grammatik (Berlin: Dümmler) Scanned copy

Sethe, Kurt

    1899-1902      

Das Aegyptische Verbum im Altaegyptische, Neuaegyptische und Koptischen (Leipzip: Henrichsche Buchhandlung) Scanned copy

Shisha-Halevy, Ariel

    1986

Coptic Grammatical Categories: Structural Studies in the Syntax of Shenoutean Sahidic (Analecta Orientalia 53, Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum) Preview book

    1988

Coptic Grammatical Chrestomathy: A Course for Academic and Private Study (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 30, Leuven: Peeters)

Steindorff, Gerog

    1904

Koptische Grammatik mit Chrestomathie, Wörteverzeichnis und Litteratur 2ed (Porta Linguarum Orientalium 14, Berlin: Reuther un Reichard; 1ed 1894) Scanned copy

    1921

Kurzer Abriss der Koptischen Grammatik: mit Lesestücken und Wörterverzeichnis (Berlin: Reuther & Reichard)

    1951

Lehrbuch der Koptischen Grammatik (Chicago: University of Chicago)

Stern, Ludwig

    1880

Koptische Grammatik (Leipzip: Weigel) Scanned copy

Tattam, Henry

    1863

A Compendious Grammar of the Egyptian Language 2ed rev (London: Arch; 1ed 1830) Scanned copy (also here and here)

Till, Walter C.

    1928

Achmîmisch-Koptische Grammatik mit Chrestomathie und Wörterbuch (Leipziz: Hinrichs)

    1961a

Koptische Dialektgrammatik mit Lesestücken und Wörterbuch 2ed (Munich: Beck; 1ed 1931)

    1961b

Koptische Grammatik (Saïdischer Dialekt) mit Bibliographie, Lesetücken und Wörterverzeichnissen 2ed (Lehrbücher für das Stadium der Orientalischen Sprachen 1, Leipzig: Otto Harrassowitz; 1ed 1955)

Tuki, Raphael

    1778

Rudimenta Linguae Coptae Sive Aegypticae (Rome: 1778) Scanned copy

Uhlemann, Maximilian A.

    1853

Linguae Copticae Grammatica (Leipzig: Weigel) Scanned copy

Valperga Di Caluso, Tommaso

    1783

Didymi Taurinensis Literaturae Copticae Rudamentum (Parma) Scanned copy

Vergote, Jozef

    1973a

Grammaire Copte. Ia. Introduction, Phonétique et Phonologie, Morphologie Synthématique (Structure des Sémantèmes). Partie Synchronique (Leuven: Peeters)

    1973b

Grammaire Copte. Ib. Introduction, Phonétique et Phonologie, Morphologie Synthématique (Structure des Sémantèmes). Partie Diachronique (Leuven: Peeters)

    1983a

Grammaire Copte. IIa. Morphologie Syntagmatique. Syntaxe. Partie Synchronique (Leuven: Peeters)

    1983b

Vergote, Jozef. Grammaire Copte. IIb. Morphologie Syntagmatique. Partie Diachronique (Leuven: Peeters)

Walters, Clifford C.

    1999

An Elementary Coptic Grammar of the Sahidic Dialect 2ed (Aris & Phillips, 1ed 1972)

Wilson, Marvin R.

    1970

Coptic Future Tenses: Syntactical Studies in Sahidic (Janua Linguarum – Series Practica 64, The Hague: Mouton)

Younan, Sameh

    2005

So, You Want To Learn Coptic? A guide to Bohairic Grammar (Sydney: St.Mary, St.Bakhomious and St.Shenouda Coptic Orthodox Church) Preview book

Dictionaries and lexicons

For a discussion of the first Coptic dictionaries written, see Hamilton, Alastair. “Grammars, Dictionaries, and Dialects” pp. 229-249. The Copts and the West (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006); Preview the book here. An overview of early earliest Coptic dictionaries is supplied in the a review of the first part of Crum's dictionary, available through JSTOR.

The most comprehensive dictionary is Walter E Crum's A Coptic Dictionary (1963), which is now available on the internet. Smith's (1999) Coptic-English lexicon is a far smaller and easier to use resource of the Sahidic dialect. A good Coptic-English dictionary of the Bohairic dialect is that of Makar (2001). Forster's (2002) dictionary of Greek words found in Coptic documents is useful as Crum's dictionary does not include Coptic words of Greek origin.
 

Azevedo, Joaquim

    2001

A Simplified Coptic Dictionary: Sahidic Dialect (Centro Pesquisa de Literatura Biblica Publication Series: Tools for Exegesis 1, Cachoeira: Seminario Adventista Latino-Americano)

Černy, Jaroslav

    1976

Coptic Etymological Dictionary (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

Crum, Walter E.

    1939

A Coptic Dictionary (Oxford: Oxford University Press) Scanned copy (and here in a different format)

Dawoud, Moawad
    2000 Ⲡⲓⲁⲛⲥⲁϫⲓ ⲛ̀ϯⲁⲥⲡⲓ ⲛ̀ⲧⲉ ⲛⲓⲣⲉⲙⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ (The Dictionary of the Language of the Egyptians 2ed) Scanned copy

Förster, Hans

    2002

Wörterbuch der griechischen Wörter in den koptischen dokumentarischen Texten (Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur 148, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter) Preview book

Kasser, Rodolphe

    1964

Compléments au Dictionnaire Copte de Crum (Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, Cairo: 1964)

Kircher, Athanasius

    1664

Lingua Aegyptiaca Restituta (Rome) Scanned copy

Labib, Claudius

    1895-1915

ⲡⲓⲗⲉⲝⲓⲕⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ϯⲁⲥⲡⲓ ⲛ̀ⲧⲉ ⲛⲓⲣⲉⲙⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ (The Lexicon of the Language of the Egyptians, Cairo) Scanned copy, part 1 2 3 4 5

La Croze, Maturin V., Scholtz, Christianus & Woide, Carolus G.

    1775

Lexicon Aegyptiaco-Latinum (Oxford) Scanned copy

Makar, Adeeb B.

    2001

The Abbreviated Coptic-English Dictionary (San Francisco Bay: St. Antonius Coptic Orthodox Church)

Metzger, Bruce M.

    1961

A List of Words Occuring Frequently in the Coptic New Testament (Sahidic Dialect) (Leiden: EJ Brill) Pdf copy

Parthey, Gustav

    1844

Vocabularium Coptico-Latinum et Latino-Copticum (Berlin) Scanned copy

Peyron, Vittorio A.

    1835 

Lexicon Linguae Copticae (Turin) Scanned copy

    1896

Auctarium ad Peyronis Lexicon Copticum (Berlin) Scanned copy

Rossi, Ignatius

    1808

Etymologiae Aegyptiacae (Rome) Scanned copy

Smith, Richard

    1999

A Concise Coptic-English Lexicon 2ed (Atlanta: Scholars' Press; 1ed 1983)

Spiegelberg, Wilhelm

    1921

Koptisches Handwörterbuch (Heidelberg) Scanned copy

Tattam, Henry

    1835

Lexicon Aegyptiaco-Latinum (Oxford) Scanned copy

Vycichl, Werner

    1983

Dictionnaire Étymologique de la Langue Copte (Louvain: Peeters)

Westendorf, Wolfhart

    1965 -1977

Koptisches Handwörterbuch (Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag)

Coptic script

Gessman, Albert M.

    1976

The Birth of the Coptic Script. University of South Florida Language Quarterly 14 2-3 Scanned copy 

 

This page was last modified 30/07/2011

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