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Conference Papers


1.      2017. ‘Do electoral reforms work? The impact of changes in U.S. state electoral laws from 2014-16.’ Holly Ann Garnett, Pippa Norris and Max Grömping, EIP Workshop, San Francisco, 30 August 2017.

 

2.      2017. ‘Cultural Backlash and the new Populism: Distinguishing Cohort, Period and Life-Cycle Effects.’ With Ron Inglehart. WAPOR, Lisbon 15-17 July 2017.

 

3.      2017. ‘Satisfaction with democracy: A crisis in Western democracies?’ WAPOR, Lisbon 15-17 July 2017.

 

4.      2017. ‘The enemy within: Populism and liberal democracy.’ Keynote Political Studies Association annual conference, University of Strathclyde, 10-11 April 2017.

 

5.      2017. ‘Contentious politics and electoral legitimacy.’ International Studies Association, Baltimore 23-24 February 2017.

 

6.      2017. ‘Cognitive skills and beliefs in electoral fraud.’ Jeffrey Karp, Alessandro Nai and Pippa Norris. Midwest Political Science Association 9-10 March 2017.

 

7.      2016. Pippa Norris. ‘Trump, Brexit and the Rise of Populism.’ Carlton University, Ottowa, 2 December 2016.

 

8.      2016. Pippa Norris. ‘Electoral reform and electoral integrity.’ Byblos, Lebanese American University, 24 November 2016.

 

9.      2016. Pippa Norris. ‘Strengthening electoral integrity.’ United Nations, 4th November.

 

10.   2016. Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart. ‘Trump, Brexit and the Rise of Populism.’ New York University, conference on Referendums and Democratic Politics, 3rd November 2016. (Also given at Columbia University.)

 

11.   2016. Pippa Norris. ‘Why American Elections Are Flawed (And How to Fix Them).’ Brown Democracy Medal talk, McCourtney Institute, Pennsylvania State University. To be published by Cornell University Press, April 2017. http://www.cornellpress.cornell.edu/book/?GCOI=80140100193900

 

12.   2016. Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart. ‘Trump, Brexit and the rise of Populism: Economic have-nots and cultural backlash.’ American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, 1-4 September, Philadelphia.

 

13.   2016. Pippa Norris. Strengthening electoral assistance: The pragmatic case.’ American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, 1-4 September, Philadelphia.

 

14.   2016. Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart. ‘Challenges to liberal democracy: Trump, Brexit and the rise of Populism’ In the IPSA President plenary ‘The Legitimacy of Political Systems: System Support from Comparative Perspective.’ International Political Science Association World Congress, 24-27 July 2016, Poznan, Poland.

15.   2016. Pippa Norris. ‘Reforming electoral laws: The role of regional inter-governmental organizations.’ EIP Workshop, 23 July 2016, Poznan.

16.   2016. Pippa Norris. ‘Strengthening electoral integrity: What works?’ Canadian Political Science Association annual meeting, Calgary, 31 May 2016.

17.   2016. Pippa Norris. ‘Why elections fail.’ Kofi Annan Foundation, Geneva, 3-4 May 2016.

18.   2016. Pippa Norris. Cardario Lecture ‘Would Electoral Reform Strengthen Electoral Integrity? The Canadian Debate in Comparative Perspective.’ University of Toronto, 25 April 2016.

19.   2016. Pippa Norris. ‘Strengthening electoral integrity.’ Department of Politics, Stockholm University, 20 April 2016.

20.   2016. Pippa Norris, Ferran Martinez I Coma, Alessandro Nai, and Max Gromping. The Year in Elections, 2015. Electoral Integrity Project: University of Sydney.

21.   2015. Pippa Norris and Holly Ann Garnett. ‘Voter suppression or voter fraud? The impact of state laws in the 2014 mid-term elections to the US House of Representatives.’ American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, 3-6 September 2015, San Francisco.

22.   2015. Pippa Norris. ‘Why does electoral administration fail? Comparing structure, capacity, and ethos.’ American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, 3-6 September 2015, San Francisco.

 

23.   2015. Pippa Norris. ‘The quality of governance and why elections fail.’  For a conference on “The Quality of Government and the Performance of Democracies”, Quality of Government Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden, 20-22 May 2015.

24.   2015. Pippa Norris and Ferran Martinez i Coma. ‘What citizens want from elections.’ ECPR Joint Workshops, Warsaw, 29 March – 2 April 2015.

25.   2015. Pippa Norris. ‘Why elections fail: International forces’. Department of Government, Australian National University, Canberra, 5th March.

26.   2015. The Year in Elections, 2014. Pippa Norris, Ferran Martinez I Coma and Max Groemping. Electoral Integrity Project: Sydney.

27.   2014. ‘Why elections fail: the role of power-sharing electoral governance.’ APSA, Washington DC, 28-31 August.

28.   2014. ‘The impact of electoral management bodies on electoral legitimacy.’ IPSA World Congress, 24-28 July, Montreal.

 

29.   2014. ‘Measuring electoral integrity’ Utah Valley University, 26 February (by videoconference)

 

30.   2013. ‘New evidence on insecurity and religiosity.’ Society for the Scientific Study of Religion annual conference, Boston, 9 November.

 

31.   2013. ‘Electoral integrity and legitimacy.’ Institute for Future Studies, Stockholm, 21 October (by videoconference).

 

32.   2013. ‘Electoral integrity.’ Department of Politics, University of Vermont, 3 October.

 

33.   2013. ‘Religiosity and insecurity’. Institute for Defence Studies, London, 15 October (by videoconference).

 

34.   2013. ‘Why Electoral Malpractices Trigger Electoral Violence.’ American Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago, 29 Aug-1 Sept.

 

35.   2013. ‘Expert Perceptions of Electoral Integrity: A New Dataset.’ American Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago, 29 Aug-1 Sept.

 

36.   2013. ‘Politics of Voter Suppression and Electoral Integrity in the U.S. and Abroad.’ American Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago, 29 Aug-1 Sept.

 

37.   2013. ‘The concept of electoral integrity.’ Electoral Integrity Project Workshop, Weatherhead Center, Harvard University, Cambridge, June 2-4.

 

38.   2013. ‘’Human security and social trust and tolerance’ With Ron Inglehart. Paper for the Match-points seminar on “Culture, Social Capital and Politics: Cultural  and Social Perspectives on Political Studies and International Relations”, 23-26 May, Aarhus University.

 

39.   2013. ‘Global norms of electoral integrity’ WAPOR annual conference, Boston University, 14-16 May.

 

40.   2013. ‘Global norms of electoral integrity’ World Values Survey Global Conference, University of Qatar, Doha 17-20th March.

 

41.   2012. ‘Why electoral integrity matters for political legitimacy.’ Conference on the Legitimacy Crisis in Representative Democracy, Netherlands Royal Academy, Amsterdam 15-17th November.

 

42.   2012. ‘"Democratic governance: The impact of regimes on prosperity, welfare and peace" Swedish Political Science Association, Linnaeus University 26-27th September 2012.

 

43.   2012. ‘Why malpractices generate pressures for electoral reform: An agenda-setting model.’ American Political Science Annual Meeting, New Orleans, 30 August-2 September 2012.

 

44.   2012. ‘Why malpractices heighten risks of electoral violence.’ American Political Science Annual Meeting, New Orleans, 30 August-2 September 2012.

 

45.   2012. ‘’Electoral integrity and political legitimacy.’ Plenary presentation, International Political Science Association, Madrid, July 8-12th 2012.

 

46.    2012. ‘Making democratic governance work’ Plenary lecture, International Political Science Association, Madrid, July 8-12th 2012.

 

47.   2012. ‘Are there global norms and universal standards of electoral integrity and malpractice? Comparing public and expert perceptions.’ International Political Science Association, Madrid, July 7th 2012.

 

48.   2012. ‘Trust in government in the US and Europe’. Conference on The Future of the Left organized by Nuffield College Oxford and the Policy Network, Oxford 13-15 June.

 

49.   2012. Roundtable on ‘Western Democracy in Crisis?” Canadian Political Science Association Centennial Celebration, University of Alberta Edmonton,. 13-15 May 2012.

 

50.   2012. ECPR Joint Workshops The impact of social media on the Arab uprisings: The Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube revolutions?Antwerp, Belgium. 10-15th April 2012

 

51.   2012. ‘Women in elected office: Six step action plan.’ UNDP conference on gender equality in political office, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia 3-4 April 2012.

 

52.   2011. ‘Women in elected office in Asia-Pacific: Beyond quotas.’  UNDP conference on gender equality, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 17-19th October 2011.

  1. 2011. ‘The ‘twitter’ revolution and the ‘Arab spring’.International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV2011), Tallinn, Estonia, 27-29th September.

54.   2011. ‘Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: Understanding Human Security’ Johan Skytte lecture (with Ronald Inglehart), Uppsala University 23-24th September.

 

55.   2011. ‘Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: Understanding Human Security’ University of Stockholm, 22nd September.

 

56.   2011. ‘Making Democratic-Governance Work: The Consequences for Prosperity.’ American Political Science Association, Seattle 1-4 Sept.

 

57.   2011. ‘East Asia in Comparative Perspective: Objective and Subjective Indicators of Democracy, Governance and Development’ Conference on Democracy in East Asia and Taiwan in Global Perspective. Taiwan, 23-27 August.

 

58.   2011. ‘Muslim support for secular democracy.’ Conference on Spirited Voices from the Muslim World: Islam, Democracy and gender Rights. The University of Sydney, 29-30th April.

 

59.   2011. ‘Democracy or governance? The consequences for domestic peace’  European Consortium Political Research Joint Workshop, St. Gallen, April 2011.

 

60.   2011. ‘The fluctuating fortune of left-wing parties in Europe.’  Conference on the Crisis of Social Democracy, Royal Institute, London 8th April.

61.   2010. ‘Advances in comparative gender politics.’ Roundtable on Women and Gender Scholarship in Political Science: Critical Transformations, Debates, and Questions at the Northeastern Political Science Association, Boston 12 November 2010.

62.   2010. ‘Internationally-comparable indicators of media development.’ Conference ‘Appraising Media Indicators’ for Annenberg, University of Pennsylvania, 8-9th November 2010.

63.   2010. ‘Demography, Insecurity, and Religion’ Keynote address for Our Common Future conference, Essen, Germany, 2-6 November 2010.

64.   2010. ‘Public evaluations of democratic governance’ GlobalBarometer Workshop, Taipei, Videoconference presentation, 16 October 2010.

65.   2010. ‘Does democratic satisfaction reflect regime performance?’ University of Twente, Netherlands, 24th September 2010.

66.   2010. ‘Public disaffection and electoral reform: the politics of electoral reform in comparative perspective.’ Elections, Parties and Public Opinion annual conference, University of Essex, 10-12th Sept 2010.

67.   2010. ‘The Myth of Rising Voter Anger’ Elections, Parties and Public Opinion annual conference, University of Essex, 10-12th Sept 2010.

68.   2010. ‘Critical citizens revisited: the impact of economic hard times on confidence in government.’ American Political Science Association, 2-5th September 2010, Washington DC.

69.   2010. Roundtable: ‘How Should We Assess the Internet¹s Impact on Contemporary Democracy’ Midwest Political Science Association, 22-25th April 2010, Chicago.

70.   2010. ‘Are Rising Levels of Existential Security conducive to secularization?’ Paper with Ronald Inglehart. Midwest Political Science Association, 22-25th April 2010, Chicago.

71.   2010. ‘Critical Citizens Revisited: Confidence in Democratic Governance.’ Keynote address, University of Connecticut Democracy and Democratization conference, 26th February 2010.

72.   2009. Public Sentinel. Roundtable panel and press conference launching the publication of the report, World Bank, Washington DC 1st December 2009.

73.   2009. Media indicators. Expert Workshop of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, San Jose, Costa Rica 17-20th November 2009.

74.   2009. The future of elections videoconference presentation and first plenary panel, Forum for the Future of Democracy organized by the Council of Europe, Kiev, 21-23rd October 2009.

75.   2009. Democratic Indicators and Audits. Conference organized by the presidential taskforce of the American Political Science Association, University of California, Berkeley, 29-30th October 2009.

76.   2009. Presentation on Public Sentinel. Meeting of donors on Developing the Independent Media organized by the Salzburg Global Seminar. Salzburg, Austria, 7-10th October 2009.

77.   2009. ‘Critical citizens revisited: The U.S. and Western Europe’ Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin fur Sozialforschung, Berlin 11th September 2009.

78.   2009. ‘Post-democracy.’ ECPR General Conference, Plenary roundtable, Potsdam, 10-12th September 2009.

79.   2009. ‘The impact of cosmopolitan communications on civic engagement.’ Conference on the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems, University of Toronto 6-7th September 2009.

80.   2009. ‘Is national diversity under threat?’ Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart, APSA Annual Conference, Toronto 3-6th September 2009.

81.   2009. ‘One of Us: Multilevel models examining the impact of descriptive representation on civic engagement.’ (with Mona Krook) APSA Annual Conference, Toronto 3-6th September 2009.

82.   2009. ‘Cosmopolitan communications and democratic engagement’. International Political Science Association conference, Santiago Chile 11-16th July 2009.

83.   2009. ‘’Public disaffection and electoral reform: Pressure from below’ European Consortium of Political Research, Lisbon 14-19th April 2009.

84.   2009. ‘Muslim integration into Western cultures: Between origins and destinations.’ (With Ronald Inglehart). Harvard’s Kennedy School Faculty Research Working Paper series. RWP09-007.

85.   2009. ‘Cultural Convergence and Trust in Outsiders’ Conference on Democracy and Trust, The Hague, 16-17th January 2009.

86.   2008. ‘Global communications and cultural change.’ Aldo Moro Academy, international conference, Rome 17-18th November.

87.   2008. ‘Cosmopolitan communications and liberal moral values.’ Max Weber Program, European University Institute, Florence, 19th November 2008.

88.   2008. ‘Global communications and national identities.’ Keynote address, the World Values Survey conference, Istanbul, 17-20th September 2008.

89.   2008. ‘Do global communications accelerate cultural change?’ (With Ronald Inglehart) American Political Science Association annual meeting, Boston, August, 27-31st August 2008.

90.   2008.  ‘Reasoning voters, rational publics.’ Canadian Political Science Association annual meeting, Vancouver 4-6th June 2008. Plenary panel.

91.   2008. ‘Democratic deficits in international perspective’. Weatherhead Center US-Canada conference Democratic deficit? 8-9th May 2008.                  

92.   2008. ‘Polls for the Public Good.’ Keynote speaker at the World Association for Public Opinion Research, New Orleans 15-18th May 2008.        

93.   2008. ‘The News Media and the Governance Agenda’. World Bank/Shorenstein Center conference, 28-31st May 2008.      

94.   2008. ‘Silencing dissent: The impact of restrictive media environments on regime support.’ Midwest Political Science Association. 66th annual meeting, Chicago, April 3-6.

95.   2008. ‘Do power-sharing institutions work?’  Andrew W. Mellon Sawyer Seminar Lecture Series: Power-Sharing in Deeply Divided Places, University of Pennsylvania, January 22 2008.

96.   2008. ‘Gender and Religion.’ SSRC workshop on Religion and International Affairs, New York 15-16th January 2008.

97.   2007. ‘Elections and Power-sharing’ Paper for the conference on Democratization by Elections, at University of Florida, Gainesville, November 30 – December 2, 2007.

98.   2007. ‘Cracking the Marble Ceiling: Cultural barriers facing women leaders.’ Conference on Women and News: Expanding the News Audience, Increasing Political Participation, and Informing Citizens at the Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy, 29-30th November 2007.

99.   2007. ‘Do power-sharing institutions work?’ Talk at the Center for the Study of Democracy, University of California, Irvine. 8 November 2007.

100. 2007. ‘’Making democracy deliver’ Keynote address at the conference on Democracy, Politics and Development, Wilton Park, 23-25th October 2007.

101. 2007. ‘Promoting Democracy.’ Women and Politics Caucus, American Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago, 29-31st August 2007.

102. 2007. 'Christian conservatism in global perspective: US exceptionalism (again)?' Paper for the Russell Sage Conference, New York 27-29th April 2007 and Chapter 3 for Christian Conservatives and American Democracy Edited by Steven Brint and Jean Reith Schroedel.

103. 2007. ‘Political action in vulnerable states.’ 7th Global Forum on Reinventing Government, Vienna, 26-30th June 2007.

104. 2007. ‘Making democracy deliver.’ National Democratic Institute, annual convention, Washington DC 24 May 2007.

105. 2007. ‘Democracy and development.’ Ministerial Conference for the Community of Democracies, Bamako, Mali, 29-30 March 2007.

106. 2007. ‘Every Vote Counts: Elections and turnout.’ Global Electoral Organization Conference, Washington DC, 27-29th March 2007.

107. 2007. ‘Do power-sharing elections work?’ International Conference on Africa’s Democratization and Electoral Processes: Lessons on Successes and Challenges, 4 – 7 March 2007, at the Sandton Convention Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa.

108. 2006. ‘Sustaining Democratic Regimes: Structure, Institutions, and Culture.’ Midwest Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago 20-23 April 2006.

109. 2006. ‘Do power-sharing regimes work?’ UNDP workshop on Conflict Prevention, 6-9th November, Katmandu, Nepal.

110. 2006. ‘Support for the United Nations: Cosmopolitan versus Parochial orientations.’ Keynote address, World Values Survey meeting, Istanbul 2-5th Nov 2006.

111. 2006. ‘Political protest in fragile states.’ International Political Science Association World Congress, Fukuoka, 13 July 2006.

112. 2006. ‘Party development in conflict-prone societies’ Clingdael Institute, The Hague, 25-27 Oct 2006.

113. 2006. ‘Getting the Message Out: A two-step model of the role of the Internet in campaign communication flows during the 2005 British General Election.’ American Political Science Association annual Conference, Philadelphia, 31 Aug-3 Sept 2006.

114. 2006. ‘Fast-track strategies for achieving women’s representation in Iraq and Afghanistan: Choices and consequences.’ American Political Science Association annual Conference, Philadelphia, 31 Aug-3 Sept 2006.

115. 2006. ‘Democracy and religion.’ College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, 6-7th Oct, 2006.

116. 2006. ‘Democracy and development.’ 6th International Conference on New or Restored Democracies, Doha, Qatar 30 Oct-1 Nov 2006.

117. 2005. ‘The impact of electoral reform on the representation of women and ethnic minorities.’ Conference on Electoral Reform in the Netherlands, Amsterdam, September 2005.

118. 2005. ‘Stable democracy and good governance in divided societies: Do power-sharing institutions work?’ International Studies Association, Honolulu 2-6th March 2005.

119. 2005. ‘Rearranging the deckchairs on the Titanic? Evaluating the Initiatives for Voter Mobilization and Electoral Reform Introduced by the UK Electoral Commission.’  American Political Science Association annual meeting September 2005, Washington DC.

120. 2005. ‘Radical right: Voters and Parties in the Electoral Marketplace.’ Plenary lecture at the European Consortium of Political Research annual conference, Budapest, September 2005.

121. 2005. ‘Ethnic pluralism and consensus democracy revisited.’ American Political Science Association annual meeting September 2005, Washington DC.

122. 2005. ‘Does consensus democracy generate political stability in plural societies?’ Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago 7-10 April 2005.

123. 2005. ‘Did the media matter? Priming, persuasion and mobilizing effects in the 2005 British general election.’ Elections, Parties and Public opinion, September 2005.

124. 2004. ‘Young people and civic engagement: decline or reinvention?’ Conference on Civic Engagement at the University of Southern California, October 2004.

125. 2004. ‘The Americanization of Modern Political Campaigns? Contrasts in the US 2000 and UK 2001 elections’. Keynote address for the conference on Political Communications in the 21st Century, St Margaret’s College, University of Otago, New Zealand, January 2004.

126. 2004. ‘The ‘new cleavage’ thesis and the social basis of radical right support.’ American Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago 2-5th September 2004.

127. 2004. ‘Sacred and secular: Religion and politics worldwide.’ Stein Rokkan Memorial Lecture, University of Bergen 8 September 2004.

128. 2004. ‘If you build a community website will they come? The supply and demand model of new technology, social capital and civic engagement in Britain.’  Paper for the American Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago 2-5 August 2004.

129. 2004. ‘God, guns and gays: Religiosity in the United States and Europe.’ Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart. 3rd Political Communication Section pre-APSA Conference, ‘Fun, faith and futuramas’, University of Illinois, Chicago, Aug 2004.

130. 2004. ‘From the Civic Culture to the Afro-Barometer: The expansion in cross-national public opinion surveys.’ APSA-Comparative Politics Newsletter Fall 2004.

131. 2004. ‘Explaining the rise of the radical right.’ Elections, Parties and Public Opinion annual conference, Nuffield College, Oxford, 10-12 September 2004.

132. 2004. ‘Electoral Engineering and Social Cleavages.’ Nuffield College, Oxford, 4th March 2004.

133. 2004. ‘E-campaigning and e-voting.’ Paper for the conference on Political Communications in the 21st Century, St Margaret’s College, University of Otago, New Zealand, January 2004.

134. 2004. ‘Civic engagement: A response.’ UK Cabinet Office Strategy Unit presentation, London March 3rd 2004.

135. 2003. ‘Young people and political activism: From the politics of loyalties to the politics of choice?’ Keynote at the Council of Europe Symposium on young people and activism, 27-28 November 2003, Strasbourg. (Translated into Russian and French).

136. 2003. ‘Will new technology boost turnout?’ Annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, August 2003.

137. 2003. ‘Who demonstrates? Anti-State Rebels, Conventional Participants, or Everyone?’ With Stefaan Walgrave and Peter Van Aelst. Mid-West Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago April 2003.

138. 2003. ‘Muslims and the West: Testing the ‘Clash of Civilizations’ Thesis.’ With Ron Inglehart. Harvard symposium on ‘Terrorism and the Media’ sponsored by the Political Communication Section of the American Political Science Association and the Shorenstein Center, 2003.

139. 2003. ‘Institutions Matter: Electoral Rules and Voting Choices’ Mid-West Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago April 2003.

140. 2003. ‘Gendering Social Capital: Bowling in Women’s Leagues.’ With Ronald Inglehart. Keynote address for the conference on Gender and Social Capital, University of Manitoba, May 2-3 2003.

141. 2003. ‘Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior.’ Meeting of the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems and International IDEA, Stockholm November 2003.

142. 2003. ‘Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior.’ Annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, August 2003.

143. 2003. ‘Does ethnicity determine support for the governing party?’ (With Bob Mattes) Annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, August 2003.

144. 2003. ‘A continental divide? Social capital in the United States and Europe.’ With James Davis. Keynote presentation at the European Social Survey Launch Conference, Brussels 25-26 November 2003.

145. 2002. ‘The legitimacy of the European Union: The role of the media.’  Conference on Democracy and Legitimacy of the European Union and International Organizations.’ European Parliament, Brussels October 11-12 2002.

146. 2002. ‘The global generation: Cohort support for European governance.’ Conference on ‘Democracy and Legitimacy of the European Union and other International Organizations.’ Brussels, European Parliament 11-12 October 2002

147. 2002. ‘Still a Public Sector Ethos? Work values, experience and job satisfaction among government employees.’ John F. Kennedy School of Government Visions of Governance Conference, Endicott Hall 22-23 July 2002.

148. 2002. ‘Skeptical patients: Performance, Social Capital and Culture’ for the conference ‘The public’s health: A matter of trust.’ Harvard School of Public Health 13-15th November 2002.

149. 2002. ‘Mexican Civic Engagement in Comparative Perspective.’ Gobernacion Conference, Mexico City, August 14-16 2002.

150. 2002. ‘Making Democracies Work: Social Capital and Civic Engagement in 47 Societies.’ Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, 25-28 April 2002.

151. 2002. ‘E-voting as the magic ballot?’ Conference on E-voting and European Elections, European University Institute, Fiesole, 10-12th May 2002

152. 2002. ‘Electoral Reform and Fragmented Multipartyism: The Mechanical and Psychological Effects of Electoral Systems on Party Systems.’ Conference on Political Reform in Brazil in Comparative Perspective, UCAM, Rio de Janeiro June 27-28 2002.

153. 2002. ‘Ballot Structures and Legislative Behavior.’ Conference on Exporting Congress? The Influence of the US Congress on World Legislatures. Florida International University, Miami, 6-7 December 2002.

154. 2002.  ‘Democratic Phoenix: Political Activism Worldwide.’ American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Boston 28-31st August 2002.

155. 2001. ‘The Iceberg and the Titanic: Policy Moods, Electoral Defeat and Party Change.’ (with Joni Lovenduski) EPOP Annual Conference University of Sussex, 14-16th September 2001.

156. 2001. ‘Making democracies work: Social capital and civic engagement in 47 societies.’ ESF/EURESCO Conference on Social Capital, Exeter University 15-20 September 2001.

157. 2001. ‘Knows Little, Learns Less?’’ (with David Sanders) EPOP Annual Conference University of Sussex, 14-16th September 2001.

158. 2001. ‘Knows Little, Learns Less? An Experimental Study of the Impact of the Media on Learning during the 2001 British general election.’ Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco. 1st September 2001.

159. 2001. ‘Internet and Democracy.’ Plenary session, IDEA International Forum on the Internet and Democracy, Stockholm 27-29 June 2001.

160. 2001. ‘Digital Parties: Civic Engagement and Online Democracy.’ European Consortium of Political Research Joint Workshops, Grenoble, 6-11 April 2001.

161. 2001. ‘Digital Divide.’ Global Forum on Democracy, Development and e-Government. Naples. 15-17th March 2001.

162. 2001. ‘Blair’s Babes: Critical Mass Theory, Gender and Legislative Life.’ With Joni Lovenduski. Paper for the Women and Public Policy Program seminar, John F. Kennedy School of Government, 28 September 2001.

163. 2000. ‘The US Campaign 2000: Civic Engagement and American Elections.’ EPOP Annual Conference Edinburgh University, 8-10 September 2000.

164. 2000. ‘The Twilight of Westminster: Electoral Reform and Its Consequences.’ British Politics Group Panel on 30 Years of British Politics, American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Washington DC 31 August-3 September 2000.

165. 2000. ‘The Search for Identity in the Internet Age.’ Internet and Society 2000 Conference, Harvard University June 2000.

166. 2000. ‘The News Media and Political Disaffection in Europe.’ University of Santiago, Spain, 19-21 October 2000.

167. 2000. ‘The Internet and Democracy.’ Conference on Democracy at the Periphery. University of California, Santa Barbara. 10-11 November 2000.

168. 2000. ‘The Global Divide: Information Poverty and Internet Access Worldwide.’ International Political Science Association World Congress, Quebec, 1-6 August 2000.

169. 2000. ‘The Global Digital Divide.’ The Internet and Governance Conference, John F. Kennedy School of Government, May 2000.

170. 2000. ‘The Digital Divide.’ The National Academies Conference on Digital Democracy and Community. NRC, Washington DC, June 2000.

171. 2000. ‘Political communication towards the Third Millennium.’ International Political Science Association World Congress, Quebec, 1-6 August 2000.

172. 2000. ‘Mapping the News Media and Parties in Europe and the US.’ European Consortium for Political Research Joint Workshops University of Copenhagen, Denmark 14-19th April 2000. Workshop on ‘Do Campaigns Matter? The Political Consequences of Modern Electioneering.’

173. 2000. ‘Leaders and Laggards: Explaining the Diffusion of the Information Society Worldwide.’ EPOP Annual Conference, Edinburgh University 8-10 September 2000.

174. 2000. ‘Internet World: Parties, Governments and Online Democracy.’ International Political Science Association World Congress, Quebec, 1-6 August 2000.

175. 2000. ‘Electoral System Design and Ethnic Conflict in 19 New and Old Democracies’. International Political Science Association World Congress Quebec City, 1-6 August 2000.

176. 2000. ‘Democratic Divide: The Impact of the Internet on Parliaments Worldwide.’ Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington DC, 31 August-3rd September 2000.

177. 2000. ‘Cultural Barriers to Women’s Leadership: A Worldwide Comparison’’ With Ronald Inglehart. International Political Science Association World Congress, Quebec, 1-6 August 2000.

178. 2000. ‘A Virtuous Circle? The News Media and Civic Malaise.’ Annual Meeting of the Political Studies Association of the UK, London 10-13th April 2000.

179. 2000.  ‘A Virtuous Circle: The News Media and Civic Malaise.’ Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago 27-30th April 2000.

180. 1999. ‘Who Surfs Café Europe? Virtual Democracy in the US and Western Europe’ American Political Science Association Annual Meeting Atlanta 2-5th September 1999. Panel on Cybermedia and Voters.

181. 1999. ‘Cosmopolitanism, Nationalism and Parochialism: Globalization and Cultural Change.’ John F. Kennedy School of Government Visions of Governance Conference, Bretton Woods, July 1999.

182. 1999. ‘Breaking the Barriers: British Labour Party Quotas for Women Candidates.’ Conference on Gender Equality Strategies, Center for European Studies, Harvard, Spring 1999.

183. 1999. ‘Blaming the Messenger? Political Communications and Turnout in EU Elections.’ Conference on Citizen Participation in European Politics, organized by the Swedish Commission on Democracy at the Bergendal Hotel, Landsnoravägen, Sollentuna, Stockholm, Sweden, 28-29th October 1999

184. 1999. ‘Ballots not Bullets: Testing Consociational Theories of Ethnic Conflict, Electoral Systems and Democratization.’ Conference on Constitutional Design 2000: Institutional Design, Conflict Management and Democracy in the late Twentieth Century. December 9-11 1999, University of Notre Dame, Indiana.

185. 1999. ‘ Electoral Systems and Ethnic Conflict’ Conference on Parliament in Democratic Governance, Knesset, Jerusalem, Israel 14-15th November 1999.

186. 1999.  ‘Confidence in Public Institutions: Faith, Culture or Performance?’ With Kenneth Newton. American Political Science Association Annual Meeting Atlanta 2-5 September 1999. Panel on What’s Troubling the Trilateral Democracies?

187. 1998. ‘'You've got  to ac-cent-tchu-ate the  positive': The Effects of Television News on Party Images in the  1997  British  Election.’  Annual Meeting of the Mid-West Political Science Association 23-25 April 1998.

188. 1998. ‘Who Surfs? New Technology, Old Voters and Virtual Democracy in America’ John F. Kennedy School of Government Visions of Governance Conference, Bretton Woods July 1998.

189. 1998. ‘The News Media and Civic Engagement.’ With John Curtice.  European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) Joint Sessions, University of Warwick 23-28th  March 1998.

190. 1998. ‘The News Media and Civic Engagement.’ With John Curtice.  Annual Meeting of  the Political Studies Association (PSA) of the UK,  Keele University 7-9th April 1998.

191. 1998. ‘Television News and Party Balance.’ With David Sanders. American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Boston 3-5th September 1998.

192. 1998. ‘Representatives: Leaders or Followers?’ and ‘A Gender-Generation Gap?’ Workshop on 'Critical Election' at Nuffield College, Oxford, 14-15th May 1988.

193. 1998. ‘New Labour, New Politicians? Changes in the Political Attitudes of   MPs: 1992-97’ Annual Meeting of the Political Studies Association of the UK, Keele University, 7-9th April 1998.

194. 1998. ‘Gender Realignment in Global Perspective.’ With Ronald Inglehart. The American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Boston 3-5th September 1998.   

195. 1998. ‘Blaming the Messenger: Television and Civic Malaise.’ Conference on Public Trust and Democratic Confidence in the Trilateral Region. Bellagio, Italy, 29 June-3 July 1998.

196. 1998. ‘A Critical Election? The 1997 British General Election in Long-term Perspective.’ With Geoffrey Evans.  Annual Meeting of the Political Studies Association (PSA) of the UK, Keele University7-9 April 1998.

197. 1997. ‘The Dynamics of the News Framing Process:  From Reagan's Gender Gap to Clinton's Soccer Moms.’  With Susan Carroll. Annual Meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Norfolk Virginia, November 5-8 1997.

198. 1997. ‘New Labour, New Tactical Voting’ American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Washington, DC August 1997. With John Curtice and Geoffrey Evans.

199. 1997. ‘New Labour, New Tactical Voting?’ With John Curtice and  Geoffrey  Evans. Elections, Parties and Public Opinion (EPOP) Annual Conference, University of Essex 26-28th September 1997.

200. 1997. ‘It  was the  Media,  Stupid:  Agenda-Setting  Effects  During  the 1997 British Campaign.’ With David Sanders.  American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, August 1997.

201. 1997. ‘Framing the Gender Gap’ European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) Joint Sessions, Bern 27 Feb-4 March 1997.

202. 1997. ‘Elites and Constitutional Change.’   Center for Research on Electoral and Social Trends (CREST) Annual Conference, University of Edinburgh, November 21 1997.

203. 1997. ‘Does Negative News Matter? The Effect of TV News on Party Images in the 1997 British Election’  Elections, Public  Opinion and Parties (EPOP)  Annual  Conference, University of Essex, September 26-28th 1997.

204. 1997. ‘Designing Democracies: Institutional Arrangement and System Support’ Workshop on Confidence in Democratic Institutions, Washington, DC, August 1997.

205. 1996. ‘Women Politicians: Transforming Westminster?’  Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, 18-20 April 1996.

206. 1996. ‘Tuning In and Tuning Out: The Attentive Public in British Election Campaigns.’  Elections, Parties and Public Opinion  (EPOP) Annual Conference, Sheffield, 13-15th September 1996.

207. 1996. ‘Through a Gendered Lens:  Media  Framing of  International  Women  Leaders.’ Annual Meeting of  the  American Political Science Association, San  Francisco, 29 August-1 September 1996.

208. 1996. '‘There is an Anger in the Land’:  The Media and Cynicism in American Politics.' European Consortium of Political Research Joint Workshops, Oslo, 29 March-3 April 1996.

209. 1996. ‘Social Representation in the European Parliament.’   Gender and Politics Group, Center for European Studies, Harvard University, 1996.

210. 1996. ‘Representation in England, Scotland and Wales:  Boundaries and Identities for Politicians and Voters’ Political Studies Association Annual Conference, Glasgow University, 10-12th April 1996.

211. 1996. ‘Lasarsfeld Revisited: The Attentive Public in British Election Campaigns.’ Center for Research on Electoral and Social Trends (CREST) Annual Conference, City University, 31st October 1996.

212. 1996. ‘Gender in Political Science: Framing the Issues.’ Political Studies Association of the UK, Annual Conference, Glasgow University 10-12th April 1996.

213. 1996. ‘Conservatism in Disarray?’ Political Studies Association Annual Conference, Glasgow University 10-12th April 1996.

214. 1995. 'Women and Politics.' Booklet for HarperCollins Political Pamphleteer New York: Harper Collins. Pp.1-23. 1995.

215. 1995. 'The Restless Searchlight: Network News Framing of the Post Cold-War World.'   International Studies Association annual Meeting, Chicago, February 1995.

216. 1995. 'The Puzzle of Constituency Service.' Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, 27 August - 1 September 1995.

217. 1995. 'Political Communications in Election Campaigns: Reconsidering Media Effects.'  International Communications Association, Alburquerque, NM, May 1995.

218. 1995. 'Political Communications in Election Campaigns' Annual Conference of the PSA, York. April 1995.

219. 1995. 'Party Recruitment and the New  Institutionalism.'  Conference on ‘Party Politics in the Year 2000’,  Manchester University, January 1995.

220. 1995. 'Legislative Recruitment.' Conference on Comparative Democratic Elections, John F. Kennedy School, Harvard University, May 1995.

221. 1995. 'Episodes, Incidents and  Eruptions:  How  the  U.S.  Network News Covers the Post-Cold War World.'  Annual Meeting of the American  Political Science Association, Chicago, 27 August - 1 September 1995.

222. 1995. 'Comparative Political Recruitment: Theories, Concepts and Data.' European Consortium of Political Research, Bordeaux, April-May 1995.

223. 1994. 'Women's Power Worldwide.’ Conference organized by the Center for the Study of Women, University of California, Los Angeles, October 1994.

224. 1994. 'Political Science in Britain and America: The Decline of the Special Relationship?' PSA News Autumn 1994. pp.15-17.

225. 1994. 'Media Studies in America and Britain: Research Agendas, Methods and Theories.' Elections, Parties and Public Opinion EPOP  Annual  Conference,  University of Wales, Cardiff, September 1994.

226. 1994. 'Gender Related Influences on Voting Behaviour and Public Opinion' Conference on Research on Women and American Politics, Center for American Women and Politics, Rutgers University 1994.

227. 1994. 'Equality Strategies and Political Representation.'  European Consortium of Political Research Joint Sessions, Madrid 1994.

228. 1994. 'Comparative Recruitment.' Workshop on the Future of the Australian Party System Australian National University, Canberra, Australia 1994.

229. 1993. 'Women and Politics' Supplementary lecture materials for The Struggle   for Democracy by Greenberg and Page. New York: Harper Collins. 1993.

230. 1993. 'Through the Eye of the Needle: Comparative Legislative Recruitment in Western Democracies.' American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Washington, DC. September 1993.

231. 1993. 'The Social Background of Legislative Elites: Does it Matter?'  Annual Conference on Elections, Parties and Public Opinion (EPOP) Lancaster University September 1993.

232. 1993. 'The Marginals Never Vanished' PSA Annual Conference, Leicester University, April 1993. With Ivor Crewe.

233. 1993. 'The 1992 US Elections: Continuity or Change?'  ECPR Joint Workshops, Leiden University, The Netherlands, April 1993.

234. 1993. 'Select Bibliography: Enviromental Public Opinion.'  Workshop on Global Omnibus Environmental Survey (GOES), Palo Alto, Stanford, June 1993. 

235. 1993. 'Has Labour Become a Catch-All Party?'  Conference on the 1992 British  Election Study, Nuffield  College,  Oxford, April 1993.

236. 1993. 'Comparing Environmental Public Opinion: West and East Germany.' With Peter Mohler.  Workshop on the Global Omnibus Environmental Survey, Barcelona, Spain, 1993.

237. 1993. 'Are we All Green Now?' International Society for Political Psychology Annual Convention, Charles Hotel, Cambridge, MA. July 1993.

238. 1992. 'Party Leaders, Members and Voters: The Special Law of Curvilinear Disparity Revisited.' Elections, Parties and Public Opinion Conference, Essex, September 1992.

239. 1992. 'If only more candidates came forward...'Supply side explanation of political representation  in  Britain.' Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago Sept 3-6 1992.

240. 1992. 'Are We All  Green  Now?  Public Opinion Towards Environmentalism   in Britain.'  IPSA/APSA   Symposium, Chicago, September 3-6 1992.

241. 1991. 'Who Decides: Center-Local Relations in Candidate Selection in the British Conservative and Labour Parties.'  With Joni Lovenduski.  International Political Science Association (IPSA) World Congress, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1991.

242. 1991. 'The Reputation of Political Science Journals: Pluralist and Consensus Views.' With Ivor Crewe. PSA Annual Conference, Lancaster University April 1991.

243. 1991. 'Conservatism and Public Opinion: Thatcher & Reagan', Public Affairs Report, University of California, Berkeley 1991.

244. 1991. 'Comparing Women in Political Elites: Problems and Methods.'  American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, 1991.

245. 1991. 'Candidate Selection:  The Impact of Reform.'  PSA Group on Elections, Parties and Public Opinion, University of Essex, September 1991.

246. 1991. 'British and American Journal Evaluation: Divergence or   Convergence?'  With Ivor Crewe. PSA Annual Conference, Lancaster University 1991.

247. 1990. 'Women and Political Participation in Britain.' UNESCO Meeting of Experts for the Europe Region, Oslo, Norway, 1990.

248. 1990. 'The Volatile Electorate: By-elections since the War.' Institute  of Contemporary History Summer School,  LSE,  April 1990.

249. 1990. 'The Thatcher Governments and Public Opinion: Has there Been Ideological Change?'  Seventh International Conference of Europeanists, Washington, D.C., March 1990.

250. 1990. 'The Comparative Study of Women in Legislative Elites: Problems, Methods and Approaches', ECPR Joint Workshops, University of Bochum, Germany, April 1990.

251. 1990. 'Survey of Political Studies, 1989.' PSA News 1990 2(2): 29-31.

252. 1990. 'Survey of Graduates' Careers.' PSA News 1990 2(1): 29-31.

253. 1990. 'Reagan, Thatcher and the Conservative Revolutions.'  American Politics Group Conference, Worcester College, Oxford, January 1990.

254. 1990. 'Publications in Political Studies: An Initial Analysis'   PSA Heads of Department Conference, Swindon, September 1990. With Professor Ivor Crewe.

255. 1990. 'PSA Survey of Staff, 1988.' PSA Heads of Department  Conference, Royal Commonwealth Society, February 1990; published in PSA  News 1(3): 29-31.

256. 1990. 'Politics and Sexual Equality.' Keynote Speaker.  (Published in Korean) Korean Institute for the Study of Women in Politics, Seoul, July 1990.

257. 1990. 'Gender Differences in Conventional and Unconventional Political Participation in Britain.' ESRC Conference on Participation, University of Manchester, January 1990.

258. 1990. 'Candidacy and Gender in British Parties.' Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, CA, September 1990.   

259. 1990. 'A Lack of Balance.' PSA News 1990 3(1): 29-30.

260. 1990.’ Congressional Elections: Campaign and Results.'  American  Politics  Group,  Colloquium  on  the 1990   Elections, US Embassy, London, November 1990.

261. 1989. 'Women Parliamentary Candidates and the Selectorate: The British General Election of 1987.' With Joni Lovenduski.  American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, 1989.

262. 1989. 'The 1988 Presidential Elections: The Reagan Legacy.' American Politics Group Annual Conference, Keele University, January 1989.

263. 1989. 'Studying Politics.' With Paul Smart. Published by the Political Studies Association of the UK 1989.

264. 1989. 'Southern Comfort for the Republicans: Dealignment and   Realignment in the 1988 Election.' Political Studies Association Annual Conference, University  of  Warwick,  April 1989.

265. 1989. 'Politics Graduates & Employment.' PSA Annual Conference, Warwick University, April 1989.

266. 1989. 'Party Selectorates in Australia, Britain and Canada:  Legal Context, Party Procedures and Outcome.' With Ken Carty, Lynda Erickson, Joni Lovenduski and Marion Simms) IPSA Work Group on Elections and Parties, Paris, April 1989.

267. 1989. 'Changing Social Cleavages and Leftwing Support in Britain.' European Consortium of Political Research Joint Workshops, Paris, April 1989.

268. 1989. 'Candidate Recruitment and Government Popularity in Special and By-elections: The United  States,  Canada, Britain and Australia.' With Frank Feigert. American Political Science Association Annual  Meeting, Atlanta, Sept 1989.

269. 1988. 'Women Candidates for Parliament: In a Different Voice?' With Joni  Lovenduski. Women &  Politics Group, PSA/BSA, Birkbeck College, London 1988.

270. 1988. 'The 1988 US Campaign: Continuity or Change', American Politics Group, United States Embassy Colloquium on the Elections, US Embassy, London, November 1988.

271. 1988. 'Political Trust: Watergate to Irangate.' American Political Group Annual Conference, Oxford 1988.

272. 1988. 'Government and Third Party Performance in Mid-Term Elections: The  British,  Canadian  and    Australian Experience.' International Political Science Association XIVth World Congress, Washington, DC, August 1988.

273. 1988. 'Elite Transformation in Political Selection: Candidates in the 1987 British General Election.' With Joni Lovenduski. Political Studies Association Annual Conference, Plymouth, April 1988.

274. 1987. 'Volatility in the British Electorate: The Problem of Identifying Tacticals, Floaters and Abstainers.'  Political Studies Association Annual Conference, University of Aberdeen April 1987.

275. 1987. 'Retrospective Voting in the 1984 US Election: Peace, Prosperity & Patriotism', American Politics Group of the PSA, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, January 1987.

276. 1987. 'PSA Survey of the Profession: Staff in Political  Studies.' With Professor Hugh Berrington, Political  Studies Association, Aberdeen University, April 1987.

277. 1987. 'PSA Survey of the Profession: Courses in Political Studies.' With Professor Hugh Berrington. PSA Heads of Department Conference, Liverpool University, September 1987.

278. 1987. 'Marginal Polls: The Role & Record.' Conference on Political Communication: The Media, the Parties and the Polls in the 1987 Election Campaign, Essex University, October 1987.

279. 1986. 'The Impact of Parties on Sexual Equality.' European Consortium of Political  Research Joint Workshops, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. 2-6 April 1986.

280. 1986. 'The Impact of Parties on Sex  Equality  Policies.'  American Political Science Association, Washington, DC, August 1986.

281. 1986. 'Retrospective Voting in the 1983 British General   Election: Delivering Bread and Circuses.' Political Studies Association Annual Conference, University of Nottingham, April 1986.

282. 1985. 'The Post-Feminist Generation: A Comparative Study of Ireland, Britain and America.' With Joanne Clarey and  Albie Smyth; National Women's Studies Association, Seattle, May 1985.

283. 1985. 'A Gender Gap in the European Community' Women & Europe Conference, University of Edinburgh, May 1985.

284. 1985. 'A Decade of Change? Developing Social Indicators on the Position of Women.' Association of Mediterranean Women (KEGME), Athens 1985.

285. 1984. 'Women's Equality in Employment: An International Comparison.' Second International Congress on Women, Groningen, the Netherlands, 1984.

286. 1984. 'Women in Congress: A Policy Difference?' Women and Politics Group of the PSA, Birkbeck College, November 1984.

287. 1984. 'The Gender Gap in the 1980 American Election.' American Political Science Association Conference, Washington, DC, August 1984.

288. 1984. 'The Gender Gap in Britain: Convergence or Divergence?' PSA Annual Conference, University of Southampton, April 1984.

289. 1984. 'The Gender Gap in American Political Behaviour: Issues, Images or Partisan  Realignment?'  American Politics Group of the PSA, University of Durham 1984.

290. 1984. 'The Effects of Education, Employment and the Electoral System on Women in Political Elites: A Crossnational Comparison.' National Women's Studies Association, Rutgers University, June 1984.

291. 1984. 'Female Candidates in the 1979 Elections to the European Parliament.’ The University Association for Contemporary European Studies 1984.

292. 1979. 'John Stuart Mill versus Bigotry, Bribery and Beer', Political Studies Association Annual Conference, University of Sheffield, April 1979.

 
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