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Stingless Honeybees

Meliponula ferruginea
Meliponula ferruginea
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Hymenoptera
Suborder:Apocrita
Superfamily:Apoidea
Family:Apidae
Subfamily:Apinae
Tribe:Meliponini












Stingless bees, or simply meliponines, are a large group of bees, comprising the tribe Meliponini (sometimes called stingless honey bees) in the family Apidae, and closely-related to the common honey beescarpenter beesorchid bees and bumblebees. The common name is slightly misleading, as a great many bee species, especially in the family Andrenidae, are also incapable of stinging, as are all male bees. It is further true that meliponines do not lack stings morphologically; they are simply highly reduced and cannot be used for defense.

[edit]Range

Stingless bees can be found in most tropical or subtropical regions of the world, such as AustraliaAfricaSoutheast Asia, and parts of Mexico and Brazil. The majority of nativeeusocial bees of Central and South America are stingless bees, although only a few of them produce honey on a scale such that they are farmed by humans. They are also quite diverse in Africa and are farmed there also; meliponine honey is prized as a medicine in many African communities.

[edit]Behavior

Being tropical, stingless bees are active all year round, although they are less active in cooler weather. Unlike other eusocial bees, they do not sting but will defend by biting if their nest is disturbed.


Spiral honeycomb made by the stingless honeybee Trigonia carbonaria


Spiral honeycomb made by the stingless honeybee Trigonia carbonaria

Trigona in Bicol

ADAPTABILITY OF STINGLESS BEES (TRIGONA BIROI FRIESE) TO  JAPANESE-DESIGN HIVES

(Research paper presented by Maria Dulce J Mostoles, Raul B. Ruiz and Kazuhiro Amano during the Regional R&D Symposium  18 August 2005 at BUCAF Guinobatan, Albay; 3rdBest Paper, Research Category)

 

DESCRIPTION

The study introduces  the use of hive boxes for the Trigona biroi bee species  to determine its adaptability in different nesting conditions The Japanese-design hive boxes. were used for  temperature adaptability. The study succeeded in keeping the colonies of Trigona biroi in tropical conditions particularly in the province of Albay and Camarines Sur

IMPLEMENTING AGENCY

Camarines Sur State Agricultural College (CSSAC)

FUNDING AGENCY

CSSAC

DOST INTERVENTIONS
  • The stingless bees of species Trigona biroi locally abundant in the Bicol region have been cultured in halved coconut shells as traditional method. Introduction of the Japanese-design hive boxes to test the adaptability of the T. biroi  bee species succeeded in keeping T. biroi in tropical conditions
IMPACT/RESULTS OF THE PROGRAM

With the adaptability of the T. biroi bee in  hive box in tropical condition, it could be recommended for use by local beekeepers but with subsequent studies to be carried out on the harvesting of pollen and honey without destroying the brood chamber. Keeping the stingless bees of Bicol could be done using Japanese-design hives, which is recommended to be further tested in glasshouse conditions during the winter season and making use of outer box which is equipped with thermostat. Propolis needs to be harvested regularly to provide more space for the brood chamber. With the abundant supply of the propolis, there is need to  indulge in processing and utilization. These can open doors for potential market of packaged bees.

Studies such as pollination of high value crops and off season crops could be done using the colonies of T. biroi in hive boxes. Studies on its life history and behavior, pest and diseases and reproduction could be done

PROJECT BENEFICIARY

CSSAC, Pili Camarines Sur

Contact Person

Ms. Ma. Dulce Mostoles

ADDRESS

CSSAC Pili, Camarines Sur

 Trigona in Bicol

Trigona nest in flowerpot

trigona bees entering flowerpot


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