2. summarizing (and responding)

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H. (relevant:) Oral Defense and Academic Presentation
# videos: below the notes   
(Notes by Huifang Peng)
(Below are only some basic points regarding summarizing and responding to an article.)
# Summarizing an Article:
* the purpose of summarizing (an article)
--to demonstrate your understanding of what you have read
--to demonstrate your ability to organize what you have absorbed in a short and well-organized way for further personal argument
* What is summary? (what to do and what to avoid)
--should be shorter than the original
--use your own words and grammars to highlight the main ideas of an article => avoiding copying except important technical words
--avoid adding your own ideas (which should be put in the responding part)
--should include a reference to the source of the article 
* the process of writing a summary
1. before writing the first draft
--what to read/scan first: the title, subheadings, pictures, diagrams, and notes of the article 
--how to read an article to grasp its main ideas
2. writing the first draft
--working from your notes (avoid looking at the article) 
--using basic paragraph organization; nevertheless, a concluding sentence is usually not necessary for a summary 
3. check, review, and rewrite for the final version 
* practice focus: identifying parts of a summary; summary writing

# Responding to an Article
* where to put your response: not in the summary paragraph; put your reactions and ideas in an independent response paragraph 
* common ways to respond to an article:
--agree or disagree with the conclusions made in the article
--partially agree and partially disagree with the conclusions made in the article
--reflect on how your experiences relate to the points in the article
--analyze the article's arguments
--object to the methods used in the argument
* practice focus: identifying parts of a response; response writing
   
# Language Mechanics That Might be Involved: 
* citing the source of your summary with reporting verbs or phrases
--reporting verbs: e.g., conclude, indicate, point out, say, explain, observe, report, state
--reporting phrases: e.g., according to
According to the New York Times, ...
In the New York Times, Healy points out that ...

Reference:
Boardman, Cynthia A. Writing to Communicate 3: Essays and the Short Research Paper. NY: Pearson Education, Inc., 2009. 54-67.

Understanding Summary Writing
source: cgshultz84  2012-07-28

How to Write a Summary
source: Smrt English  2012-11-15
Exercise: http://smrtvideolessons.com/2013/06/2...

Summary Writing (Learn How to Write Summary)
source: Iken Edu  2012-06-25

Mastering the Skill of Summary Writing
source: Soma Jurgensen   2012-07-17

5 Tips to Create That Perfect Article Summary
source: EzineArticles    2011-05-20
http://EzineArticles.com/

Writing Summaries and Writing Concisely
source: Jeannie Anderson    2011-01-12

Summarizing: An After-Reading Strategy
source: Khalid Smith    2011-08-27

How to Write a Summary for an Article
source: Fastsubmitarticles    2010-07-16
http://www.internetexpertguides.com/

Writing a Summary
source: Nichole Carter     2012-07-23

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