C. Comparison and Contrast Essays

(Notes by Huifang Peng)
typical organization and elements of a comparison-contrast essay which can focus on similarities (comparison), differences (contrast), or both:
1. Introduction / The Introductory Paragraph:
a. the hook:
b. background information:
c. the thesis statement:  
2. Body Paragraphs: There are three basic styles to organize essays that compare and contrast. 
a. basic block style

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraph 1

(Similarities between A and B)

Body Paragraph 2

(Differences between A and B)

Concluding Paragraph

b. block comparison style

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraph 1

(Points about A)

1.

2.

3.

Body Paragraph 2

(Points about B in comparison to A)

1.

2.

3.

Concluding Paragraph

c. point-by-point style

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraph 1

Point 1: A and B

Body Paragraph 2

Point 2: A and B

Body Paragraph 3

Point 3: A and B

Concluding Paragraph


[graphic illustrations based on WC2, pp. 158-59]
3. Conclusion / The Concluding Paragraph
References: (simplified)
Effective Academic Writing 3: Unit 2
Focus on Writing 4: Unit 4
Writing to Communicate 2: Chapter 12 
Subpages (2): (page 2) (page 3)
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