B. Narrative Paragraphs

(Notes by Huifang Peng)
# required knowledge: What is a paragraph? 
# required grammatical capability: verb tenses with time clauses [1] [2]
# objective and features
1. Oftentimes a narrative paragraph
a. is about an important time in someone’s life
b. gives background information in the opening sentence(s); and
c. entertains and informs by using vivid, descriptive language.
2. A narrative paragraph tells a story which has a clear beginning, middle, and end. A narrative paragraph often contains actions; they may be about a problem or a conflict.
a. the beginning of the story: usually, the main action does not start in the topic sentence, but starts after the topic sentence.
b. the middle of the story: could be where the main action or problem occurs
c. the end of the story: usually presents the final action, result, or solution (to a problem or conflict)
# writing steps: (suggestive only)
Step One: planning and prewriting
1. choose a topic--How to choose your topic?
a. choose a story that you can tell effectively in one paragraph
b. It is better to write a paragraph about something specific,
2. brainstorm questions that can help you gather ideas and information about your topic and then free-write for about 10 minutes
3. Work with a partner to discuss the ideas and details you wrote. Based on your discussion, make changes and additions to your writing.
Step Two: writing the first draft
a. the topic: who or what the paragraph is about
b. the controlling idea: should be a specific viewpoint on the topic
c. may also include the setting part: where and when the story takes place.
2. Body/Supporting Sentences: usually include information about the setting and characters. The key parts of the details include
a. time and place transitions: to describe a sequence of events in time order; in most narrative paragraphs, there is a climax toward the end of the story. 
b. emotional details: tell how the main characters feels as the events occur
a. Restate or summarize the controlling idea in a different way.
b. Writers often signal the end of the story with a prepositional phrase of time such as on that day, after that experience, or in the end.
c. you might express a final thought about the story to end a narrative paragraph: such as
1) your opinion about what happened
2) explaining a lesson the main character learned
3) describing how the character’s attitude or beliefs changed as a result of the experience
Step Three: revising your draft:
1. Reread the first draft. Use a revision checklist to identify parts of your writing that need improvement.
2. Review your plans and notes and your responses to the revision checklist. Then revise your first draft.
Step Four: editing
1. Use an editing checklist to edit and proofread your paragraph.
2. Prepare a clean copy and hand it to your teacher.
References:
Focus on Writing 3: Unit 1
Great Writing 2:  

Narrative Paragraphs
source: Time4Writing     2013-04-25
http://www.Time4Writing.com

Narrative Paragraphs
source: William Drewnowski    2013-11-01

Narrative Paragraph
source: rodapes2012     2012-06-19

Narrative Structure and how to write a narrative paragraph or essay
source: 
Karen Hamilton    2013-03-14

Fitz's Narrative Paragraph Rubric
source: John Fitzsimmons   2013-10-15

Revise narrative writing to show, not tell
source: LearnZillion  2012-10-23
Download resources: http://learnzillion.com/lessons/512

Use transition words in narrative writing--learn how to guide your audience through your story by using transition words
source: LearnZillion  2012-10-21
Download resources: http://learnzillion.com/lessons/504

Bridgeway Beginning Writing Narrative Paragraphs
source: Kathleen Thomas   2012-12-11

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