V. Sentence Types and Structure

IX. Sentence and ClauseTypesStructure, and Common Problems

# videos: on the subpages
(Brief explanatory notes below)
a. negatives
1) beginning a sentence with a negative word
2) using "not" and other negative words
3) avoiding double negatives
4) negative inversion
2. interrogative (asking questions)
a. introduction (general / mixed)
b. yes/no questions and information (Wh-) questions
1) yes/no questions
2) information (Wh-) questions
a) wh- questions (general / mixed)
b) using "how"
c. tag questions
d. embedded questions
3. exclamatory
4. imperative
a. simple, complex, and compound sentences
b. agreement of subject and predicate
1) the concepts of subject, predicate, and sentence complements
2) subject-verb agreement
3) pronoun-antecedent agreement
c. inversion
(supplementary) how to use neither & so

(Brief Notes by Huifang Peng)
A. sentence types in terms of fundamental communicative purposes
1. declarative: mainly stating a fact
2. interrogative: asking a question
3. exclamatory: expressing a strong emotion
4. imperative: making a request or give an order

B. basic sentence components and how they are organized and combined together
1. basic sentence elements:
b. punctuation marks and capitalization
2. principles that bind sentence elements together:
a. word order of parts of speech

C. four types of sentence structures
1. a simple sentence: consisting of one independent clause
2. a compound sentence: containing two or more independent clauses
3. a complex sentence: containing two (or more) independent clauses joined either by a comma and a coordinating conjunction, or by a semicolon 
4. a compound-complex sentence: containing two (or more) independent clauses and one (or more) subordinate clause(s).

D. relevant aspects:
1. independent and dependent clauses in relation to what a complete sentence means
2. common grammatical errors related to sentence structures