Cardiovascular Systema


Home             Pharmacology              Back             Next

 Propranolol and related '-olol' drugs: usage

"olol" is just two backwards lower case b's
Backward b's stand for "beta blocker"
beta blockers include acebutolol, betaxolol, bisoprolol, oxprenolol, propranolol


 Beta blockers -Side effects

BBC Loses Viewers InRochedale":
Bradycardia
Bronchoconstriction
Claudication
Lipids
Vivid dreams & nightmares
-ve Inotropic action
Reduced sensitivity to hypoglycaemia

 Beta-blocker main contraindications / cautions

ABCDE:
Asthma
Block (heart block)
COPD
Diabetes mellitus
Electrolyte (hyperkalemia)

 Atropine use: tachycardia or bradycardia

"A goes with B":
 
Atropine used clinically to treat Bradycardia.
 

 Ca++ channel blockers: uses

Ca++ MASH:
Cerebral vasospasm/ CHF
angina
Migranes
Atrial flutter, fibrillation
Supraventricular tachycardia
Hypertension
• Alternatively: "CHASM":
Cererbral vasospasm / CHF
Hypertension
Angina
Suprventricular tachyarrhythmia
Migranes


 Captopril (an ACE inhibitor) side effects

CAPTOPRIL:
Cough
Angioedema/ Agranulocystosis
Proteinuria
Taste changes
Orthostatic hypotension
Pregnancy contraindication/ Pancreatitis
Renal failure (and renal artery stenosis contraindication)/ Rash
Increased potassium
Leukopenia/ Liver toxicity/Low BP



                                                                                Back             Next