Exemplar 7: Pompeii

Student produced video introducing the topic has been deleted to protect student privacy.

Pompeii and the Roman Empire
    Pompeii was an ancient Italian city in the Roman Empire, it was located just at the southern base
of the volcano Mount Vesuvius. The city was very lavish and many wealthy families stayed in Pompeii. Most of the times Romans would come to Pompeii to relax and wind down, it was a very popular vacation spot. Pompeii was originally a Greek city however when the Roman empire rose to power Pompeii came to know many of the Romans customs and beliefs. Unfortunately in 79 AD Mount Vesuvius violently erupted, destroying the beautiful city and killing many people. There was no way to rebuild the city because there was to much damage, the people of Pompeii lost everything. The city was largely forgotten about for almost 1,500 years, until in the late 16th century architect Domenico Fontana found some remains of Pompeii. Archaeologists started to dig up Pompeii and found that the city was almost exactly like it had been 1,500 years ago under all the dust. They found many artifacts left in Pompeii that showed them what everyday life was like in the Roman empire. These archaeologists even were able to create casts out of
the skeletons found in Pompeii. The casts had frozen the citizens in the same position they were in when they had died. My question about Pompeii is What can we learn about the Roman empire and the Romans from the remains of Pompeii? This is an important question because without the remains of Pompeii there are many aspects of Roman life that we never would've been able to study. Many historians have different views on Pompeii and what we can learn from the remains. Today we have a look into the ancient Romans lives, and can learn about them through the art, architecture, and artifacts left behind in the destruction of Pompeii. For even more background information on Pompeii watch this video!

YouTube Video

     Art was immensely important to Pompeii, and was found in many public buildings and homes of the city. One point of view that some historians have is that the art was the most meaningful discovery of Pompeii. Many believe this because it allowed us to see the Romans views on many different topics such as religion, politics, and nature. Along with this, their paintings represented their everyday lives which is why the art is such a vital element to Roman history. Not to mention, it allowed for the classification of much more Roman paintings and gave us more insight on other Roman masterpieces. To see some of the art and how it portrays the Romans lives check out these thing-links! 

Pompeii Art Thinglink 1

Pompeii Art Thinglink 2

    Secondly the Architecture in Pompeii greatly showed the lives of the Romans. Many of the buildings that were excavated from Pompeii were places that the Pompeians went for fun and entertainment, along with the houses that they lived in, and places of gathering. While some historians believe that art was the most important discovery of Pompeii other historians believed that the architecture was most important. This is because it allowed us to see the resemblance between buildings in Pompeii and buildings in other parts of the Roman Empire. Which in addition allowed us to see how the architecture has evolved. Much of the architecture from Rome wouldn't be the same without Pompeii, because many important Roman buildings were first built in Pompeii such as the basilica, the theater, and public baths. To see these pieces of architecture and more take a look at the Emaze presentation below!

Pompeii Architecture Emaze

    Here are some pictures of architecture in Rome showing how t has evolved compared to Pompeii. This first picture is the amphitheater in Rome, it was built from 70-72 AD just a little bit before the destruction of Pompeii. It is much more advanced compared to the amphitheater of Pompeii. 
    The next image is of the Roman basilica. It was built many years after the fall of Pompeii and took almost 200 years to build. Pompeii's basilica doesn't look like much compared to it however it uses the same type of layout and columns. 
    The last way that we get a look into the Romans lives is through the artifacts found in Pompeii. Many of these artifacts show the wealth of the Pompeians. These artifacts include jewelry, statues, vases, and much more. To see these artifacts and their importance see the padlet below! 

Pompeii Artifacts Padlet

    In conclusion the art, architecture, and artifacts found in Pompeii can tell us a lot of the Romans and the Roman Empire. Mainly I found that these things showed us the Romans perspectives on religion, how they lived day to day, and the lavish lifestyle that some of them lived. 

If you enjoyed this website check out these sites and learn even more about Pompeii!
And lastly take a look at the book Pompeii: The Vanished City written by Time-Life books