Exemplar 3: Vietcong Warefare/Tactics

Introductory Video removed for Student Privacy.



Thesis

The Vietcong won the Vietnam war because of their unique tunnel systems, hidden basic booby traps, tactics, and Vietcong soldiers



This Thing-link show what a Vietnam battle would look like, and what the different things on a battle field do.

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Vietcong Traps

The Vietcong soldiers would place traps all throughout the jungle where the American soldiers would walk through. If one of the American soldiers were to fall into one of the Vietcong traps, then the rest of the unit would have to carry their wounded and it would limit their combat effectiveness.

Fire Power Traps: Grenade booby traps were used during the Vietnam war. These traps were placed either under water on a path or above water on a trail. They were placed here since that's where the American infantry would walk and trip the wire. These wires were not hard to trip because the grenade safety pin was already partially pulled. This same technique was also used for claymores as well.

Swinging Traps: Some swinging traps, like the door trap, were wooden planks shaped like a T or a cross. Then the Vietcong soldiers would nail long nails or sharpened bamboo into the boards. This trap worked when an American soldier walked into a building or house a wire would trip which would send this swinging trap at them. Also, the other kind of swinging trap was like a mace which is a ball with spikes all around it. The Vietcong would place these traps into tall trees so when an American trips the wire the wooden ball with nails or bamboo swings toward them.
These are some pictures of what the traps looked like. All three of these picture have to do with tripping a line, but the two of the left are grande's and the one on the far right is a swinging door trap.

Vietcong Tunnels

The Vietcong created a very complex network of underground  tunnels. The Vietcong used these tunnels to effectively ambush American soldiers then the would vanish back underground. The tunnels got to be so big that they contained hospitals, storage areas, mess hall, armories, and manufacturing centers. Some of the really complex tunnels would range up to 40 miles long. Also, the Vietnam tunnels would join villages and some were even under American bases. The Vietcong people would live inside these tunnels for long periods of time. Yet, the living conditions within these tunnels was very difficult because of the lack of food, water, and air. Since supplies were scarce, the Vietcong spent most of their time in the tunnels working and resting and then during the night they would scavenge for supplies.  Also, the walls of that the tunnels were infested with poisonous centipedes, ants, scorpions, and spiders. When the Americans would be bombing the Vietcong they would stay inside their tunnels for many days. Therefore, sickness was rampant, especially malaria, but almost everyone had intestinal parasites. With all of these challenges only 6,000 of the 16,000 people living in the tunnels (Vietcong) survived the the war.


This picture show what the tunnels look like underground from a side view.
This one show how "big" they were even though these tunnels were very small.

Viertcong

The main Vietcong units were their own soldiers that signed up. Because these guys were trained for combat they were used for larger scaled attacks. There was also the regional force who were Vietnam native, and these people were just defending their country therefore they operated in their own small districts. When necessary, these small regions would unite for larger attacks. Also the people who would join this regional force would be young teenagers, yet there were some that were pressured into joining. Usually the local guerrillas in the regional force would only get basic training for combat against the american soldiers. The Vietcong people were small which was good because the tunnels that they made were small so no westerners could fit. In 1965, The North Vietnamese leader (Ho Chi Minh) ordered that the North Vietnamese    would change the way that the war in South Vietnam would be fought. The changes that they made were they wouldn't fight in any planned battles (pitched battles), because they knew that odds would clearly be in the Americans favor. The kind of attacks they wanted to do were more hit and run attacks and ambushes. To even out the American buildup in the South the Vietcong were recruiting in the North to even out the playing field. Another tactic that the Vietcong had was hiding there base areas. This was important because the Americans had spotter plans so they would place their main headquarter inside the  tunnel systems that they made.

This is a picture of how young and small the new Vietcong recruits  were.
The Prezi will tell you some extra information with pictures about the traps, tunnels, and Vietcong.

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My Gloster will also give some more extra information about the Traps, Tunnels, and there Tactics.

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These are some of the websites I thought you might be interested in just in case I might have missed some extra information.

Links

This link will take you to a YouTube video with lots of information about the Vietcong tunnels

This website will tell you information about the Vietcong soldiers, and guerrilla warfare

This link is about the Vietcong traps and what they did

This website is about the Vietcong tunnels

This site is about the Vietnam history and about their soldiers


This will tell you about two different points of view through the U.S view (Pro's,Con's)

Points of views on the Vietnam war

Going to war with Vietnam U.S perspective

Pro's- Wars bring in lots money to the U.S, they wanted to end Communism by going to war with North Vietnam who are Communists, this is similar to North Korea because we have troops stationed in the south so Communism doesn't spread.

Con's-  Fighting a war that is not our battle, and american soldiers are needlessly dying. Not everyone wanted the war for example the people in the U.S were protesting against the war to try and stop it. When the soldiers returned the U.S people didn't like them even thought they had no choice to go into the war. The U.S people thought that America was trying to take over North Vietnam or "Imperialism" when we were really trying to stop the spread of Communism. 




David H. Cross

In memory of David H. Cross (May, 1948 – March, 2014)

Sergeant David Cross served his country in the U.S. Marine Corps from June of 1966 to June of 1970 as Crew Chief on 46D and CH340 helicopters, Medivac Unit.  Serving two tours during the Vietnam War, David was awarded 3 Purple Hears, Silver Star, Air Medal with 24 OLC, Navy Commendation, National Defense Service Medal, Vietnam Service Medal, Vietnam Campaign Medal, Combat Air Crew Insignia, President Unit Citation, Combat Action Ribbon, Good Conduct Medal and V. V. Cross of Gallantry (awarded by Vietnam Government).







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