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Home page of Peter Fred


            Click here for the first part of  my paper on quantum mechanics which is entitled:

The drift velocity and a vacuum that is not empty


If an electron undergoes constant acceleration in a vacuum for a time, it will obtain an average velocity given. by v(vacuum) =(eE/2m)t .  However, if it undergoes the same acceleration in a wire its velocity will be given by v(drift)=(eE/m)t.  Thus, with the same voltage an electron is able to travel at twice fast in a wire than it can in a vacuum.     A way to understand this difference is to assume that the electron has both a transverse and longitudinal component of motion with a total kinetic energy of mv^2.  In the wire’s crowded condition, its transverse component combines with its longitudinal component giving it a velocity that is double that observed in a less crowded vacuum. This assumption allows for a classical wave equation can be written for an electron thus circumventing many questions raised by the Schrodinger equation.  The ramification of using three-dimension rotational dynamics to help explain quantum phenomena is also explored.