Patricia Funk

Professor in Economics

Director Master in Economics 

Università della Svizzera italiana

My research centers in the fields of Gender Economics and Political Economics. 

I am an Associate Editor at the Economic Journal.

Address: Università della Svizzera italiana (USI)  

   Via Giuseppe Buffi 13

   CH-6900 Lugano TI, Switzerland

Email: patricia.funk at 

Phone: +41 58 666 4819


Identifying the Effect of Election Closeness on Voter Turnout: Evidence from Swiss Referenda (with Leonardo Bursztyn, Davide Cantoni, Felix Schönenberger and Noam Yuchtman). Journal of the European Economic Association, 2023, forthcoming.

Gender Gaps at the Academies (with David Card, Stefano DellaVigna and Nagore Iriberri).  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2023, Vol 120(4). (Online Appendix) Summary of this paper in Nada es Gratis and Nature. 

Gender Differences in Peer Recognition by Economists (with David Card, Stefano DellaVigna and Nagore Iriberri).  Econometrica, 2022, 90(5): 1937-1971. (Online Appendix)

Policy Choices in Assembly versus Representative Democracies: Evidence from Swiss Communes (with Stephan Litschig). Journal of Public Economics, 2020, 182, Article 104122.  (Online Appendix)

Are Referees and Editors in Economics Gender Neutral? (with David Card, Stefano DellaVigna and Nagore Iriberri). Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2020, 135: 269-327. (Online Appendix)

How Accurate are Surveyed Preferences for Public Policies? Evidence from a Unique Institutional Setup.  Review of Economics and Statistics, 2016, 98(3): 455-466.

Gender Gaps in Policy Making: Evidence from Direct Democracy (with Christina Gathmann).  Economic Policy, 2015, 30(81): 141-181.

Promoting Rule Compliance with Daily Life: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment in the Public Libraries of Barcelona (with José Apesteguia and Nagore Iriberri).  European Economic Review, 2013, 64: 266-284. 

Voter Preferences, Direct Democracy and Government Spending (with Christina Gathmann).  European Journal of Political Economy, 2013, 32: 300-319. 

How do Electoral Systems Affect Fiscal Policy? Evidence from Canton Parliaments, 1890-2000 (with Christina Gathmann). Journal of the European Economic Association, 2013, 11(5): 1178-1203. 

Beyond the Glass Ceiling: Does Gender Matter? (with Renée Adams), Management Science, 2012, 58(2),pp. 219-235 - lead article. 

Does Direct Democracy Reduce the Size of Government? New Evidence from Historical Data, 1890-2000 (with Christina Gathmann). Economic Journal, 2011, 121(557): 1252-1280. (Online Appendix)

Social Incentives and Voter Turnout: Evidence from the Swiss Mail Ballot System. Journal of the European Economic Association, 2010, 8(5): 1077-1103. 

Is there an Expressive Function of Law? An Empirical Analysis of Voting Laws with Symbolic Fines.  American Law and Economics Review, 2007, 9: 135-159

Governmental Action, Social Norms and Criminal Behavior. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 2006, 161(3): 522-535. 

On the Effective Use of Stigma as a Crime Deterrent. European Economic Review, 2004, 48(4): 715-725 - lead article. 

Dynamic Interactions between Crimes (with Peter Kugler). Economics Letters, 2003, 79: 291-298 - lead article. 

Identifying Efficient Crime Combating Policies by VAR-Models: The Example of Switzerland (with Peter Kugler). Contemporary Economic Policy, 2003, 21: 525-538. 

Working Papers  

Does Scarcity of Female Instructors Create Demand for Diversity among Students? Evidence from an M-Turk Experiment (with Nagore Iriberri and Giulia Savio) 

Gender Differences in Academic Performance: The Role of Exam Design in Multiple-Choice Tests (with Helena Perrone).