Bakeapples and a Beothuk grave

The Rev'd Julian Moreton, Rector of Greenspond (1849-1860), wrote an article, "Some Account of the Physical Geography of Newfoundland," which was published in Volume 34 of the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, 1864 (263-271).

The following are two quotes of interest.


A very good fruit is the one named bakeapple: this is yellow, round, about the size of a cherry, granulated like mulberry. One fruit only is produced by each plant; but they are in such number as to make the whole surface of the marshes yellow in their season.


The only discovered relics of bygone times and former inhabitants of the land are of no great age. The remains of Red Indians have sometimes been found buried, not in any general cemetery, but in solitary graves. Five or six years ago such a discovery was made close by the sea-shore in my mission. A large quantity of birch-tree rind had been used in place of a coffin. Within this wrapping only a few small remnants of bone were found; but with them were arrow-heads, a knife, a clay-pipe, a saucer with red ochre, and a brush. These interesting relics were all lost and destroyed through the carelessness of the ignorant man who found them. Reckoning that from the Government or elsewhere he would get some fabulous price for the remains, he kept them in his own custody, but allowed them to be handled by his family and neighbours till they were crumbled and lost. In Bloody Bay and in Fresh-water Bay numerous relics of some former European settlers have been found; but, unfortunately, no value was attached to them by the finders; and they, also, are all lost. They were chiefly coins, knee and shoe buckles, pipes, and earthenware vessels. Of the coins I was told that they bore no other impression than "flowered-work."