Is Telepathy Real?
Ability to Transmit Words or Thoughts to Another Mind
Outside of the Channels of the Recognized Senses
|Is Telepathy Real?
Ability to Transmit Words or Thoughts to Another Mind Outside of the Channels of the Recognized Senses
Scientists have argued for years about the existence of
telepathy –– the claimed ability to transmit words or thoughts to
another mind outside of the channels of the recognized senses. Skeptics
insist that humans possess no such power, but fail to provide answers
for many phenomena suggesting that direct transmission can, and does,
We investigate this mysterious sixth sense and
commission new experiments to find an answer to this age-old question:
Does Telepathy Exist?
Within the field of parapsychology, telepathy is considered to be a form of extra-sensory perception (ESP) or anomalous cognition in which information is transferred through Psi. It is often categorized similarly to precognition and clairvoyance.
When Zener cards were first used, they were made out of a fairly thin
translucent white paper.
Several subjects or groups of subjects scored
very highly until it was discovered that they had often been able to see
the symbols through the backs of the cards.
Various experiments have been used to test for telepathic abilities. Among the most well known are the use of Zener cards and the Ganzfeld experiment. Zener cards are cards marked with five distinctive symbols.
When using them, one individual is designated the "sender" and another the "receiver". The sender must select a random card and visualize the symbol on it, while the receiver must attempt to determine that symbol using Psi.
Statistically, the receiver has a 20% chance of randomly guessing the correct symbol, so in order to demonstrate telepathy, they must repeatedly score a success rate that is significantly higher than 20%.
If not conducted properly, this method can be vulnerable to sensory leakage and card counting. When using the Ganzfeld experiment to test for telepathy, one individual is designated the receiver and is placed inside a controlled environment where they are deprived of sensory input, and another is designated the sender and is placed in a
The receiver is then required to receive information from the sender. The exact nature of the information may vary between experiments. Parapsychology describes several different forms of telepathy, including latent telepathy and precognitive telepathy.
Latent Telepathy, formerly known as "deferred telepathy", is described as being the transfer of information, through Psi, with an observable time-lag between transmission and receipt. Retrocognitive, Precognitive, and Intuitive Telepathy is described as being the transfer of information, through Psi, about the past, future or present state of an individual's mind to another individual.
Emotive Telepathy, also known as remote influence or emotional transfer, is the process of transferring kinesthetic sensations through altered states. Superconscious Telepathy, involves tapping into the superconscious to access the collective wisdom of the human species for knowledge.
Telepathy is defined as the transference of thoughts or feelings between two or more subjects through Psi. One subject said to gain information from another that was shielded from their traditional senses by distance, time, or physical barriers.
Although not a recognized scientific discipline, people who study certain types of paranormal phenomena such as telepathy refer to the field as parapsychology.
Parapsychologists claim that some instances of telepathy are real. Skeptics say that instances of apparent telepathy are explained as the result of fraud, self-delusion and/or self-deception and that telepathy does not exist as a paranormal power.
Parapsychologists and skeptics agree that many of the instances of more popular psychic phenomena, such as mediumism, can be attributed to non-paranormal techniques such as cold reading. Magicians such as Ian Rowland and Derren Brown have demonstrated techniques and results similar to those of popular psychics, without paranormal means.
They have identified, described, and developed psychological techniques of cold reading and hot reading.A technique which shows statistically significant evidence of telepathy on every occasion has yet to be discovered. This lack of reliable reproducibility has led skeptics to argue that there is no credible scientific evidence for the existence of telepathy at all.
Skeptics also point to historical cases in which flaws in experimental design and occasional cases of fraud were uncovered.