CIA Mind Control
Illegal CIA Human Research Program
|CIA Mind Control
Illegal CIA Human Research Program
|During the Cold War, the CIA launched a highly classified
program aimed at mastering the art of mind control.
In the wake of WWII the US government is engaged in a large number of secret
medical experiments designed to help win the cold war. Developing techniques for mind control.
Project MKULTRA, or MK-ULTRA, was the code name for a covert, illegal CIA human research program, run by the Office of Scientific Intelligence.
official U.S. government program began in the early 1950s, continuing
at least through the late 1960s, and it used United States and Canadian
citizens as its test subjects.
The published evidence indicates that Project MKULTRA involved the
surreptitious use of many types of drugs, as well as other methods, to
manipulate individual mental states and to alter brain function.
Project MKULTRA was first brought to wide public attention in 1975 by
the U.S. Congress, through investigations by the Church Committee, and
by a presidential commission known as the Rockefeller Commission.
Investigative efforts were hampered by the fact that CIA Director
Richard Helms ordered all MKULTRA files destroyed in 1973; the Church
Committee and Rockefeller Commission investigations relied on the sworn
testimony of direct participants and on the relatively small number of
documents that survived Helms' destruction order.
Although the CIA insists that MKULTRA-type experiments
have been abandoned, 14-year CIA veteran Victor Marchetti has stated in
various interviews that the CIA routinely conducts disinformation
campaigns and that CIA mind control research continued.
In a 1977 interview, Marchetti specifically called the CIA claim that MKULTRA was abandoned a "cover story."
On the Senate floor in 1977, Senator Ted Kennedy said: The Deputy
Director of the CIA revealed that over thirty universities and
institutions were involved in an "extensive testing and experimentation"
program which included covert drug tests on unwitting citizens "at all
social levels, high and low, native Americans and foreign."
Mind control is any systematic effort aimed at instilling certain attitudes and beliefs in a person against their will, usually beliefs in conflict with prior beliefs and knowledge.
- Intensive, forcible indoctrination, usually political or religious, aimed at destroying a person's basic convictions and attitudes and replacing them with an alternative set of fixed beliefs.
- The application of a concentrated means of persuasion, such as an advertising campaign or repeated suggestion, in order to develop a specific belief or motivation.
Mind Control: America's Secret War
Several of these tests involved the administration of LSD to "unwitting subjects in social situations."
At least one death, that of Dr. Olson, resulted from these activities.
The Agency itself acknowledged that these tests made little scientific sense. The agents doing the monitoring were not qualified scientific observers. To this day most specific information regarding Project MKULTRA remains highly classified.
Given the CIA's purposeful destruction of most records,
its failure to follow informed consent protocols with thousands of
participants, the uncontrolled nature of the experiments, and the lack
of follow-up data, the full impact of MKULTRA experiments, including
deaths, will never be known.Several known deaths have been associated with Project MKULTRA, most notably that of Frank Olson.
Olson, a United States Army biochemist and biological weapons
researcher, was given LSD without his knowledge or consent in November,
1953 as part of a CIA experiment and died under suspicious circumstances
a week later.
A CIA doctor assigned to monitor Olson claimed to be asleep in another bed in a New York City hotel room when Olson exited the window and fell thirteen stories to his death.
In 1953, Olson's death was described as a suicide that occurred during a severe psychotic episode.
The CIA's own internal investigation concluded that CIA Director Stanley Gottlieb had conducted the LSD experiment with Olson's prior knowledge, although neither Olson nor the other men taking part in the experiment were informed as to the exact nature of the drug until some 20 minutes after its ingestion.
The report further suggested that Gottlieb was nonetheless due a reprimand, as he had failed to take into account Olson's already-diagnosed suicidal tendencies, which might have been exacerbated by the LSD.
The Olson family disputes the official version of events.
They maintain that Frank Olson was murdered because, especially in the aftermath of his LSD experience, he had become a security risk who might divulge state secrets associated with highly-classified CIA programs, many of which he had direct personal knowledge.
A few days before his death, Frank Olson quit his position as Acting Chief of the Special Operations Division at Detrick, Maryland (later Fort Detrick) because of a severe moral crisis concerning the nature of his biological weapons research.
Among Olson's concerns were the development of assassination materials used by the CIA, the CIA's use of biological warfare materials in covert operations, experimentation with biological weapons in populated areas, collaboration with former Nazi scientists under Operation Paperclip.
As well as LSD mind-control research, the use of biological weapons (including anthrax) during the Korean War, and the use of psychoactive drugs during "terminal" interrogations under a program code-named Project ARTICHOKE.
Later forensic evidence conflicted with the official version of events; when Olson's body was exhumed in 1994, cranial injuries indicated Olson had been knocked unconscious before he exited the window. The medical examiner termed Olson's death a "homicide".
In 1975, Olson's family received a $750,000 settlement from the U.S. government and formal apologies from President Gerald Ford and CIA Director William Colby, though their apologies were limited to informed consent issues concerning Olson's ingestion of LSD.
In his 2009 book, A Terrible Mistake, researcher
H. P. Albarelli Jr. concurs with the Olson family and concludes that
Frank Olson was murdered because a personal crisis of conscience made it
likely he would divulge state secrets concerning several CIA programs,
chief among them Project ARTICHOKE and an MKNAOMI project code-named
Albarelli presents considerable evidence in support of his theory that Project SPAN involved the contamination of food supplies and the aerosolized spraying of a potent LSD mixture in the village of Pont-Saint-Esprit, France in August, 1951. (The French word "pont" translates to "bridge" in English; a synonym is "span".) The Pont-Saint-Esprit incident resulted in mass psychosis, 32 commitments to mental institutions, and at least seven deaths.
In his work as Acting Chief of the Special Operations Division, Olson was involved in the development of aerosolized delivery systems, he was present at Pont-Saint-Esprit in August, 1951, and several months before he resigned his position he had witnessed a terminal interrogation conducted in Germany under Project ARTICHOKE.
Other researchers have reached conclusions similar to Albarelli's, including John Grant Fuller, author of The Day of Saint Anthony's Fire, a landmark book that originally cited ergot poisoning as responsible for the events at Pont-Saint-Esprit. Another known victim of Project MKULTRA was Harold Blauer, a professional tennis player in New York City, who died in January, 1953 as a result of a secret Army experiment involving MDA.