1. What is a UFO?
An unidentified flying object (usually abbreviated to UFO or U.F.O.) is
any unusual apparent object or phenomenon in the sky whose cause cannot
be identified by the observer, or (in a narrower definition) by
investigators; though in popular usage it more loosely means alien
spacecraft, being one explanation (among several) offered for such
2. How long has there been reports on UFOs?
Though UFO sightings have occurred throughout history, modern interest
in them dates from World War II (foo fighters), since when governments have
investigated UFO reports, often from a military perspective, and UFO
researchers have investigated, written about and created organizations
devoted to the subject.
The first widely publicized U.S. sighting, reported by private pilot
Kenneth Arnold in June 1947, gave rise to the popular terms "flying
saucer" and "flying disc", of which the former is still sometimes used,
even though Arnold said the most of the objects he saw were not totally
circular and one was crescent-shaped.
The term "UFO" was first suggested
in 1952 by Cpt. Edward J. Ruppelt, who headed Project Blue Book, then
the USAF's official investigation of UFOs. Ruppelt felt that "flying
saucer" did not reflect the diversity of the sightings.
He suggested that UFO should be pronounced as a word — you-foe.
it is now usually pronounced by forming each letter: U.F.O. His term was
quickly adopted by the United States Air Force , which also briefly
used "UFOB". The Air Force initially defined UFOs as those objects that
remain unidentified after scrutiny by expert investigators, though today
the term UFO is often used for any unexplained sighting regardless of
whether it has been investigated.
3. Are UFOs real?
Studies have established that the majority of UFOs are observations of
some real but conventional object—most commonly aircraft, balloons, or
astronomical objects such as meteors or bright planets—that have been
misidentified by the observer as anomalies, while a small percentage of
reported UFOs are hoaxes.
However, after excluding these incorrect
reports, between 5% and 20% of the total remain unexplained, and so can
be classified as unidentified in the strictest sense.
Many such reports have been made by trained observers such as pilots,
police and the military; some involve radar traces, so not all reports
are visual. Proponents of the so-called extraterrestrial hypothesis
believe that these unidentified reports are of alien spacecraft, though
various other hypotheses have been proposed.
While UFOs have been the subject of extensive investigation by various
governments, and some scientists support the extraterrestrial
hypothesis, few scientific papers about UFOs have been published in
peer-reviewed journals. There has been some debate in the scientific
community about whether any scientific investigation into UFO sightings
4. What are the different types of UFO encounters?
In ufology, a close encounter is an event in which a person witnesses an
unidentified flying object. This terminology and the system of
classification behind it was started by astronomer and UFO researcher J.
Allen Hynek, and was first suggested in his 1972 book The UFO
Experience: A Scientific Inquiry.
He introduced the first three kinds of encounters; more sub-types of
close encounters were later added by others, but these additional
categories are not universally accepted by UFO researchers, mainly
because they depart from the scientific rigor that Hynek aimed to bring
Sightings more than 500 feet (160 m) from the witness are classified as
"Daylight Discs," "Nocturnal Lights," or "Radar/Visual Reports."
Sightings within about 500 feet are subclassified as various types of "close encounter."
Hynek and others argued a claimed close encounter must occur within
about 500 feet to greatly reduce or eliminate the possibility of
misidentifying conventional aircraft or other known phenomena.
scale achieved cachet with the general public when it informed elements
of the 1977 film Close Encounters of the Third Kind, which is named
after the third level of the scale. Posters for the film recited the
three levels of the scale, and Hynek himself makes a cameo appearance
near the end of the film.
Hynek's Close Encounter Scale
A sighting of one or more unidentified flying objects:
- Flying saucers
- Odd lights
- Aerial objects that are not attributable to known human technology
An observation of a UFO, and associated physical effects from the UFO, including:
- Heat or radiation
- Damage to terrain
- Crop Circles
- Human paralysis (Catalepsy)
- Frightened animals
- Interference with engines or TV or radio reception.
- Lost Time: a gap in one's memory associated with a UFO encounter
observation of what Hynek termed "animate beings" observed in
association with a UFO sighting. Hynek deliberately chose the somewhat
vague term "animate beings" to describe beings associated with UFOs
without making any unfounded assumptions regarding the beings' origins
Hynek did not necessarily regard these beings as
"extraterrestrials" or "aliens."
Additionally, Hynek further
expressed discomfort with such reports, but felt a scientific obligation
to include them, at the very least because they represented a sizable
minority of claimed UFO encounters.
The UFO researcher Ted Bloecher proposed six subtypes for the close encounters of the third kind in the Hynek's scale.
A: An entity is observed only inside the UFO
B: An entity is observed inside and outside the UFO
C: An entity is observed near to a UFO, but not going in or out.
An entity is observed. No UFOs are seen by the observer, but UFO
activity has been reported in the area at about the same time
E: An entity is observed. But no UFOs are seen and no UFO activity has been reported in the area at that time
F: No entity or UFOs are observed, but the subject experiences some kind of "intelligent communication"
human is abducted by a UFO or its occupants. This type was not included
in Hynek's original close encounters scale. Jacques Vallee, Hynek's
erstwhile associate, argued that a CE4 should be described as "cases
when witnesses experienced a transformation of their sense of reality,"
so as to also include non-abduction cases where absurd, hallucinatory or
dreamlike events are associated with UFO encounters.
by Steven M. Greer's CSETI group, these purported encounters are joint,
bilateral contact events produced through the conscious, voluntary and
proactive human-initiated or cooperative communication with
extraterrestrial intelligence. This is very similar to some "contactees"
of the 1950s who claimed regular communication with benevolent aliens.
the nature of this bilateral communication is generally claimed to be
telepathic, the experiencers in this group (as defined by CSETI)
generally do not claim to be psychic if they should happen to think of
themselves as contactees (in the strictest sense of the meaning of that
terminology), insofar as contact, at least intially, is unilateral
communication coming from the otherworldly intelligence to its subjects.
Contrary to popular belief, not all experiencers in this group
necessarily equate their communiqué as being with aliens.
Michael Naisbitt's website, a sixth proposed CE scenario is described
as UFO incidents that cause direct injury or death. This category was
not included in Hynek's scale, and is furthermore redundant: a CE2 in
Hynek's scale specifically included UFO encounters that leave direct
physical evidence of any kind.
Black Vault Encyclopedia Project proposes a Close Encounter of the
Seventh Kind as mating between a human being and extraterrestrial that
produces a human-alien hybridisation, usually called a Star Child.
concept similar to ideas promoted by ancient astronauts theorists like
Erich von Däniken, Zecharia Sitchin and Robert K.G. Temple, in that
extraterrestrials interacted with, perhaps interbred with and influenced
ancient human beings in the past.
This concept of CE7 is at odds
with Hynek's original concepts, however. Hynek's CE3 specifically
avoided describing UFO occupants as "aliens" or "extraterrestrials,"
contending that there was not enough evidence to determine if beings
associated with UFOs had an objective physical reality, let alone to
confirm their origins or motives.
5. What is an IFO?
UFOs that can be explained are sometimes termed "IFOs" or Identified Flying Objects.
Unidentified Flying Object is a difficult task due to the normally poor
quality of the evidence provided by those who report sighting the
objects. Nevertheless, most officially investigated UFO sightings, such
as from the U.S. Air Force's Project Blue Book, have been identified as
being due to honest misidentifications of natural phenomena, aircraft,
or other prosaic explanations.
In early U.S. Air Force attempts to explain UFO sightings, unexplained
sightings routinely numbered over one in five reports. However, in early
1953, right after the CIA's Robertson Panel, percentages of unexplained
sightings dropped precipitously, usually being only a few percent in
any given year. When Project Blue Book closed down in 1970, only 6% of
all cases were classified as being truly unidentified.
6. What is a USO?
A USO is an Unidentified Submerged Object. It is believed that some UFOs
may actually be under water and some theories state that these UFOs may
have bases under our oceans and waters. This theory is somewhat popular
since much of our oceans have not been mapped. It is estimated that
less than 5% of our oceans have been mapped. Since we know very little
about our oceans and because they can be difficult to reach it is
believed that this would be an ideal area for a UFO to hide from prying