|Porton Down Experiments
Research Facility for Unidentified Aerial Phenomena
|The first program
shows - how Royal Enfield workers in an underground factory at Westwood
Quarry were repeatedly exposed to an opportunistic pathogen in the early
How members of the public traveling on a regular railway train
on the Salisbury-Exeter line were sprayed with live bacteria by Porton
scientists while traveling through a tunnel.
How the city of Salisbury
was 'attacked' during August of 1960 with large amounts of a cadmium
compound and how Porton scientists conducted the large, and now
infamous, series of experiments - known as the Lyme Bay Trials.
latter experiments exposed millions of UK residents to massive aerosols
of live bacteria (E.coli and Bacillus subtilis) during the years
The huge bacterial clouds were sprayed from an Admiralty ship
- ETV ICEWHALE - and were carried onshore by the wind and sampled by
Porton scientists up to 50 miles inland.
Although this research was meant
to be of a defensive nature, the official Porton film of these
experiments stated: "Whilst these trials were designed for specific
research purposes, they demonstrated, in a striking way, the feasibility
of small-scale biological warfare."
"An appreciable dose of viable
bacteria was achieved over an area greater than 1,000 square miles, by
the release of only 120 gallons of suspension".
Porton Down is a United Kingdom government and military
science park. It is situated slightly northeast of Porton near Salisbury
in Wiltshire, England.
To the northwest lies the MoD Boscombe Down test
range facility which is operated by QinetiQ. On maps, Porton Down has a
"Danger Area" surrounding the entire complex.
is home to the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, known as
'DSTL, Porton Down'.
DSTL is an Executive Agency of the Ministry of
Defence (MoD), and the site is believed to be one of the United
Kingdom's most sensitive and secretive government facilities for
military research, including CBRN defence. The DSTL site occupies 7,000
acres (28 km²).
It is also home to the Health Protection Agency's Centre for Emergency
Preparedness and Response as well as a small science park which includes
companies such as Tetricus Bioscience and Ploughshare Innovations.
site is commonly confused with the UK's nearby CBRN training facility,
the Defence CBRN Centre at Winterbourne Gunner.
Down was set up to provide a proper scientific basis for the British
use of chemical warfare, in response to the earlier German use of this
means of war in 1915. Work at Porton started in March 1916. At the time,
only a few cottages and farm buildings were scattered on the downs at
Porton and Idmiston.
2004, two UK television documentaries were produced which investigated
the past activities of the UK Government's Biological Warfare facility
at Porton Down, Wiltshire. The programs revealed that scientists from
Porton Down had used the UK as a vast outdoor laboratory during the Cold
From 1950 to 1975, Porton scientists had clandestinely sprayed
massive amounts of live bacteria (Serratia marcescens, E. coli MRE162
and Bacillus subtilis) and several tons of chemical compounds (such as
Zinc Cadmium sulphide) over large parts of the UK.
|Porton Down Experiments
BBC Spotlight exclusive reveals a Porton Down spray trial which went
wrong, contaminating South Dorset with higher levels of a hazardous
Cadmium compound than the rest of England and Wales - in fact over 1,000
Porton sprayed large amounts of this BW simulant over
populated areas in order to investigate how a BW aerosol might disperse
across the UK.
Similar Porton Down experiments were conducted in public
areas of the UK between the years 1953-64.
What makes these experiments
especially dangerous is the fact that the Zinc Cadmium sulphide aerosols
were formed by particles which were designed to be of a size which
would evade the body's natural defences, and penetrate the deepest part
of the lungs - the alvioli.
Valetta Aircraft Spraying the BW Simulant
Zinc Cadmium Sulphide
Porton Down film, which is Crown Copyright, shows a Valetta aircraft
making a number of passes in front of the camera - all the time spraying
the Biological Warfare simulant - Zinc Cadmium sulphide.
These particular experiments were conducted during March 1958, and were
conducted to determine the characteristics of an aircraft mounted Zinc
Cadmium sulphide dispenser. The resulting information was then used in
Porton Down's later public area BW experiments, some of which (the Large
Area Coverage or LAC) contaminated vast swathes of the UK.
A BW simulant is a supposedly harmless substance which mimics the
physical properties of a real BW agent, in this case, size (between 1-5
microns). BW simulants are used in BW experiments in which, for safety
reasons, a real BW agent could not be used.
Porton Down is also suspected of
being a research facility for Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAP)
studies, research and investigation.
Some even believe it to be
involved with UAP crash and retrievens. It is believed that personnel
from Porton Down visited Rendlesham in 1980 after the Rendlesham Forest Incident.
In 1999 Nick Pope, a UK Government MOD Agent, published a book,
'Operation Thunder Child', talking about alien bodies (EBE's), being
taken to Porton Down and in 1996, British researcher Tony Dodd surfaced
with a story about alien bodies supposedly taken to Porton Down from the
site of an alleged UFO crash on the Berwyn Mountains in North Wales
most commonly referred to as the Berwyn Mountain Incident.
Clouds of Secrecy
groundbreaking UK television documentary - Clouds of Secrecy -
exclusively reveals details of formerly classified UK Government
Biological Warfare public area experiments.
In particular the documentary
reveals how, during 1963 and 1964, scientists from the UK Government’s
Chemical and Biological Warfare research facility at Porton Down used a
de Havilland DH-104 Devon aircraft to repeatedly spray the county of
Norfolk (the city of Norwich being the main target) with a hazardous
material - Zinc Cadmium sulphide (ZnCds).
A recently declassified MOD document reveals that, inexplicably, Porton
scientists didn’t subject the ZnCds for toxicity testing prior to
spraying the material in populated areas.
The programme also
includes details of newly discovered Porton Down ZnCds spraying
experiments, which were conducted in populated areas of Bedfordshire.
The latter Bedfordshire experiments involved the use of Porton Down’s
clandestine spray vehicle - an especially adapted 1 Ton Morris
Commercial Van. This enabled Porton scientists to secretly spray
material without the local population becoming aware.
The programme also draws attention to recent allegations that a much
higher level of oesophageal cancer exists in the Norfolk area, compared
with the average levels reported in the rest of the UK.
It also includes an interview with Professor Sir Peter Lachmann -
co-author of a Ministry of Defence commissioned investigation of Porton
Down’s past ZnCds spraying programme.