|Mu the Lost Continent
Lost Continent in the Pacific Ocean
Mu is the name of a hypothetical
continent that allegedly existed in one of Earth's oceans, but
disappeared at the dawn of human history.
It is believed that this
continent was located in the Pacific ocean, but other theories state
that it may have been within the Indian or Atlantic ocean.
from all over the Pacific make reference to this land. Here are just a
The legends of Easter Island speak of Hiva, which sank beneath the
waves as people fled, while one Samoan legend calls a similar place
The Maoris of New Zealand still talk about arriving long ago
from a sinking island called Hawaiki, a vast and mountainous place on
the other side of the water. The myths and traditions of India abound
The Rig Veda speaks of "the three continents that
were"; the third was home to a race called the Danavas. A land called
Rutas was an immense continent far to the east of India and home to a
race of sun-worshippers. But Rutas was torn asunder by a volcanic
upheaval and sent to the ocean depths.
The Lost Continent of Lemuria, also known as Mu...
Fragments remained as Indonesia
and the Pacific islands, and a few survivors reached India, where they
became the elite Brahman caste.
Hopi Legend - On the bottom of the seas
lie all the proud cities, the flying patuwvotas [shields] and the
worldly treasures corrupted with evil.
Faced with disaster, some people
hid inside the earth while others escaped by crossing the ocean on reed
rafts, using the islands as stepping-stones.
The same story of escape to
dry land appears in the Popol Vuh - the Mayan story of creation.
Augustus Le Plongeon, (1826-1908) a 19th century researcher and writer
who conducted investigations of the Maya ruins in the Yucatan announced
that he had translated ancient Mayan writings.
These writings which allegedly showed
that the Maya of Yucatan were older than the later civilizations of
Atlantis and Egypt, and additionally told the story of an even older
continent of Mu, whose survivors founded the Maya civilization.
students of the Ancient Maya writings argue that Le Plongeon's
"translations" were based on little more than his vivid imagination.
The concept and the name were proposed
by 19th century traveler and writer Augustus Le Plongeon, who claimed
that several ancient civilizations, such as those of Egypt and
Mesoamerica, were created by refugees from Mu — which he located in the
lost continent of Mu is considered by some to be a real continent that
existed years ago in one of the oceans on Earth. Did such a place exist
or is it just a story?
This concept was popularized and expanded by James Churchward, who asserted that Mu was once located in the Pacific.
existence of Mu was disputed already in Le Plongeon's time. Today,
scientists universally dismiss the concept of Mu (and of other lost
continents like Lemuria) as physically impossible, since a continent can
neither sink nor be destroyed in the short period of time required by
Moreover, the weight of all archaeological,
linguistic and genetic evidence is contrary to the claim that the
ancient civilizations of the New and Old Worlds stemmed from a common
ancestral civilization. Mu is today considered to be a fictional place.
geological knowledge rules out "lost continents" of any significant
According to the theory of plate tectonics, which has been
extensively confirmed over the past 40 years, the Earth's crust consists
of lighter "sial" rocks (rich in aluminum silicates) that float on
heavier "sima" rocks (richer in magnesium silicates).
The sial is generally absent or a
few kilometres thick at the bottom of the oceans, while the continents
are huge solid blocks tens of kilometers thick. Since continents float
on the sima much like icebergs float on water, a continent cannot simply
"sink" under the ocean.
It is true that continental
drift and seafloor spreading can change the shape and position of
continents, and occasionally break a continent into two or more pieces
(as happened to Pangaea).
However, these are very slow processes that occur in geological time
scales (hundreds of millions of years). Over the scale of history (tens
of thousands of years), the sima under the continental crust can be
considered solid, and the continents are basically anchored on it.
It is all but certain that the
continents and ocean floors have retained their present position and
shape for the whole span of human existence.
Lost Continent of Mu
A Japanese researcher believes he has found evidence of the lost continent of Mu.
is also no conceivable event that could have "destroyed" a continent,
since its huge mass of sial rocks would have to end up somewhere—and
there is no trace of it at the bottom of the oceans.
The Pacific Ocean islands are not part of a submerged landmass, but rather the tips of isolated volcanoes.
The historical details and implications of the Mu theory, which from the
start were even more controversial than the physical ones, have been
thoroughly discredited by archaeological and genetic research.
The weight of evidence is that the civilizations of the Americas and the
Old World developed independently of each other; and, in fact,
agriculture and urban societies probably first developed, after the end
of the Ice Age, somewhere in the Levant some 10,000 years ago and
gradually spread outwards from there to the rest of the Old World.
The development of the oldest known cities, such as Çatalhöyük, can more
easily be attributed to local and gradual evolution than to the coming
of refugees from a "superior civilization". Finally, genetic studies of
the indigenous peoples of America, the Pacific Islanders, and the
ancient peoples of the Old World are quite incompatible with the Mu
As for Easter Island, there is no evidence of human presence in the land
before 300 AD; and the pukao on the moai are typically regarded as