Drugs in our Drinking Water
There is Something in the Water



Drugs in our Drinking Water
There is Something in the Water

In the Associated Press they did a report that over 41 million people are exposed to pharmaceutical drugs in treated drinking water. We have all heard the saying: 'There is something in the water'... well there is.

Fluoride toxicity - In high concentrations, soluble fluoride salts are toxic and skin or eye contact with high concentrations of many fluoride salts is dangerous. Referring to a common salt of fluoride, sodium fluoride (NaF), the lethal dose for most adult humans is estimated at 5 to 10 g (which is equivalent to 32 to 64 mg/kg elemental fluoride/kg body weight).

A toxic dose that may lead to adverse health effects is estimated at 3 to 5 mg/kg of elemental fluoride. Ingestion of fluoride can produce gastrointestinal discomfort at doses at least 15 to 20 times lower (0.2–0.3 mg/kg) than lethal doses. Although helpful for dental health in low dosage, chronic exposure to fluoride in large amounts interferes with bone formation. In this way, the greatest examples of fluoride poisoning arises from fluoride-rich ground water.


Throughout most of the world, the most common contamination of raw water sources is from human sewage and in particular human faecal pathogens and parasites.

In 2006, waterborne diseases were estimated to cause 1.8 million deaths each year while about 1.1 billion people lacked proper drinking water.


It is clear that people in the developing world need to have access to good quality water in sufficient quantity, water purification technology and availability and distribution systems for water. In many parts of the world the only sources of water are from small streams often directly contaminated by sewage.

Most water requires some type of treatment before use, even water from deep wells or springs. The extent of treatment depends on the source of the water. Appropriate technology options in water treatment include both community-scale and household-scale point-of-use (POU) designs.

A few large urban areas such as Christchurch, New Zealand have access to sufficiently pure water of sufficient volume that no treatment of the raw water is required. Over the past decade, an increasing number of field-based studies have been undertaken to determine the success of POU measures in reducing waterborne disease.

The ability of POU options to reduce disease is a function of both their ability to remove microbial pathogens if properly applied and such social factors as ease of use and cultural appropriateness. Technologies may generate more (or less) health benefit than their lab-based microbial removal performance would suggest.

The current priority of the proponents of POU treatment is to reach large numbers of low-income households on a sustainable basis. Few POU measures have reached significant scale thus far, but efforts to promote and commercially distribute these products to the world's poor have only been under way for a few years.


Question Your Reality
(Alex Jones) 


This video discusses the dangers of fluoride in our drinking water, and how it is responsible for a host of different medical problems - including cancer, brittle bone disease, immune deficiency, mental sedation, and even reduced IQ. This has all been known to the powers-that-be since the 1920's.

Despite the fact that fluoride has been shown to have no effect whatsoever in reducing dental problems, the powers-that-be insist on putting it in our tap water.

Fluoride is a toxic industrial bi-product from the aluminium industry. It is classified as hazardous waste. Consumption of fluoride - even in tiny amounts - is extremely harmful to the body.


This is established medical fact. One of the first uses for fluoride was in the 1930's and 1940's when fluoridated water was given to prisoners of Nazi concentration camps to cloud their thinking ability and weaken their mental resolve. This very same tactic is now being used on us, by our very own leaders, to the extent where many people are incapable of thinking outside the box.


All of the studies in every state and every country show that fluoride does NOT improve the state of your teeth or gums. And even if it did help in any way, why does this highly toxic substance have to be put in our drinking water? Think about it. There's only one logical reason to put it in our water -- the elite are using fluoride as one of their many tools to assault our body and mind for their own gain.


We are nothing more than battery cells to them. We are just programmable, income-generating, tax-paying consumers. They extract money from our labour, our sweat-equity, and they use that money to build the prison walls around us so they can control us even more.


If they had their way, we'd all be nothing more than robots who do as we're told and never complain. The last thing they want is an informed, active and closely-knit society of people who have the brains, the heart, the courage, and the will to change the status quo. Therefore they use every tool at their disposal to keep us all in a perpetual dumbed-down, distracted and submissive state.


The elite are the only ones who gain from this, not us! We should all stop squabbling amongst ourselves and instead focus our attention on the puppets and their masters who profit from all the things that make us angry. Stop getting all your info from the mainstream media - do your own news gathering from many independent sources.


Only then can you confidently say that you know what's going on in the world. It is time to break out of your conditioning and express your true individuality.



Fluoride's adverse effects depend on total fluoride dosage from all sources.

At the commonly recommended dosage, the only clear adverse effect is dental fluorosis, which can alter the appearance of children's teeth during tooth development; this is mostly mild and is unlikely to represent any real effect on aesthetic appearance or on public health.


The critical period of exposure is between ages one and four years, with the risk ending around age eight. Fluorosis can be prevented by monitoring all sources of fluoride, with fluoridated water directly or indirectly responsible for an estimated 40% of risk and other sources, notably toothpaste, responsible for the remaining 60%.

Compared to water naturally fluoridated at 0.4 mg/L, fluoridation to 1 mg/L is estimated to cause additional fluorosis in one of every 6 people (95% CI 4–21 people), and to cause additional fluorosis of aesthetic concern in one of every 22 people (95% CI 13.6–∞ people).

Here, aesthetic concern is a term used in a standardized scale based on what adolescents would find unacceptable, as measured by a 1996 study of British 14-year-olds. In many industrialized countries the prevalence of fluorosis is increasing even in unfluoridated communities, mostly because of fluoride from swallowed toothpaste.

A 2009 systematic review indicated that fluorosis is associated with consumption of infant formula or of water added to reconstitute the formula, that the evidence was distorted by publication bias, and that the evidence that the formula's fluoride caused the fluorosis was weak.

In the U.S. the decline in tooth decay was accompanied by increased fluorosis in both fluoridated and unfluoridated communities; accordingly, fluoride has been reduced in various ways worldwide in infant formulas, children's toothpaste, water, and fluoride-supplement schedules.


Mercury and Fluoride
The Dumbing Down Of A Population


Why is America so brainwashed by the corporate media? Why do we care more about American Idol and sports games than being poisoned with mercury in our vaccinations and sodium fluoride in our water supply?

America needs to wake up and get the facts about our chemical manipulation before it's too late.


Fluoridation has little effect on risk of bone fracture (broken bones); it may result in slightly lower fracture risk than either excessively high levels of fluoridation or no fluoridation.

There is no clear association between fluoridation and cancer or deaths due to cancer, both for cancer in general and also specifically for bone cancer and osteosarcoma. Other adverse effects lack sufficient evidence to reach a confident conclusion.

A Finnish study published in 1997 showed that fear that water is fluoridated may have a psychological effect with a large variety of symptoms, regardless of whether the water is actually fluoridated. Fluoride can occur naturally in water in concentrations well above recommended levels, which can have several long-term adverse effects, including severe dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis, and weakened bones.

The World Health Organization recommends a guideline maximum fluoride value of 1.5 mg/L as a level at which fluorosis should be minimal. In rare cases improper implementation of water fluoridation can result in overfluoridation that causes outbreaks of acute fluoride poisoning, with symptoms that include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Three such outbreaks were reported in the U.S. between 1991 and 1998, caused by fluoride concentrations as high as 220 mg/L; in the 1992 Alaska outbreak, 262 people became ill and one person died.

In 2010, approximately 60 gallons of fluoride were released into the water supply in Asheboro, North Carolina in 90 minutes—an amount that was intended to be released in a 24-hour period. Like other common water additives such as chlorine, hydrofluosilicic acid and sodium silicofluoride decrease pH and cause a small increase of corrosivity, but this problem is easily addressed by increasing the pH.

Although it has been hypothesized that hydrofluosilicic acid and sodium silicofluoride might increase human lead uptake from water, a 2006 statistical analysis did not support concerns that these chemicals cause higher blood lead concentrations in children. Trace levels of arsenic and lead may be present in fluoride compounds added to water, but no credible evidence exists that their presence is of concern: concentrations are below measurement limits.

The effect of water fluoridation on the natural environment has been investigated, and no adverse effects have been established. Issues studied have included fluoride concentrations in groundwater and downstream rivers; lawns, gardens, and plants; consumption of plants grown in fluoridated water; air emissions; and equipment noise.


Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water


41 million people are drinking water tainted with pharmaceutical drugs and related bi-products. CBS Reports.


In emergency situations when conventional treatment systems have been compromised, water borne pathogens may be killed or inactivated by boiling but this requires abundant sources of fuel, and can be very onerous on consumers, especially where it is difficult to store boiled water in sterile conditions and is not a reliable way to kill some encysted parasites such as Cryptosporidium or the bacterium Clostridium.

Other techniques, such as filtration, chemical disinfection, and exposure to ultraviolet radiation (including solar UV) have been demonstrated in an array of randomized control trials to significantly reduce levels of water-borne disease among users in low-income countries, but these suffer from the same problems as boiling methods.

Parameters for drinking water quality typically fall under two categories:
  • Chemical/Physical
  • Microbiological
Chemical/Physical parameters include heavy metals, trace organic compounds, total suspended solids (TSS), and turbidity.

Microbiological parameters include Coliform bacteria, E. coli, and specific pathogenic species of bacteria (such as cholera-causing Vibrio cholerae), viruses, and protozoan parasites.

Chemical parameters tend to pose more of a chronic health risk through buildup of heavy metals although some components like nitrates/nitrites and arsenic may have a more immediate impact. Physical parameters affect the aesthetics and taste of the drinking water and may complicate the removal of microbial pathogens.

Originally, fecal contamination was determined with the presence of coliform bacteria, a convenient marker for a class of harmful fecal pathogens. The presence of fecal coliforms (like E. Coli) serves as an indication of contamination by sewage. Additional contaminants include protozoan oocysts such as Cryptosporidium sp., Giardia lamblia, Legionella, and viruses (enteric).

Microbial pathogenic parameters are typically of greatest concern because of their immediate health risk.

Enforcement of drinking water standards in small water systems is weak. According to a New York Times analysis published in December 2009, more than 20 percent of water treatment systems in the U.S. providing water to 49 million people have violated key provisions of the Safe Drinking Water Act over the previous five years.

Violations involved arsenic, radioactive substances like uranium or tetrachloroethylene, and coliform bacteria. Fewer than 6 percent of the water systems that broke the law were ever fined or punished by state or federal officials.

According to David Uhlmann, a former Justice Department official, "there is significant reluctance within the EPA and Justice Department to bring actions against municipalities, because there’s a view that they are often cash-strapped, and fines would ultimately be paid by local taxpayers".

A longtime EPA enforcement official who was quoted in the report said "The top people want big headlines and million-dollar settlements. That’s not drinking-water cases." State regulators rather provide technical assistance to help systems that violate the rules.

But many systems remained out of compliance, even after aid was offered. For over a quarter of systems that violated the arsenic or radioactivity standards, there is even no record that they were ever contacted by a regulator.



Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the Environment

Research has shown that pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the environment (PPCPs) are present in water bodies throughout the world. While some studies have suggested that these substances cause ecological harm, no studies have shown a direct impact on human health.

More research is needed to determine the effects on humans of long-term exposure to low levels of PPCPs. The full effects of mixtures of low concentrations of different PPCPs is also unknown.


While the full effects of most PPCPs on the environment are not understood, there is concern about the potential they have for harm because they may act unpredictably when mixed with other chemicals from the environment or concentrate in the food chain. Additionally, some PPCPS are active at very low concentrations, and are often released continuously in large or widespread quantities.


Because of the high solubility of most PPCPs, aquatic organisms are especially vulnerable to their effects. Researchers have found that a class of antidepressants may be found in frogs and can significantly slow their development. The increased presence of estrogen and other synthetic hormones in waste water due to birth control and hormonal therapies has been linked to increased feminization of exposed fish and other aquatic organisms.


The chemicals within these PPCP products could either affect the feminization or masculinization of different fishes, therefore impacting their reproductive rates. In addition to being found only in waterways, the ingredients of some PPCPs can also be found in the soil. Since some of these substances take a long time or cannot be degraded biologically, they make their way up the food chain.

Information pertaining to the transport and fate of these hormones and their metabolites in dairy waste disposal is still being investigated, yet research suggest that the land application of solid wastes is likely linked with more hormone contamination problems. Not only does the pollution from PPCPs affect marine ecosystems, but also those habitats that depend on this polluted water.

Depending on the source and ingredients, there are various ways in which the public can dispose of pharmaceutical and personal care products. In the case of pharmaceutical products, the most environmentally safe one is to take advantage of a community drug take-back programs that collect drugs at a central location for proper disposal. These programs should exist in every community, and if further information is required on the matter the city officials should be contacted.

The Environmental Protection Agency and the Office of National Drug Policy further emphasize that if no program is available to follow the subsequent measurements:

  1. take the prescription drugs out of their original containers
  2. mix drugs with cat litter or used coffee grounds
  3. place the mixture into a disposable container with a lid, such as a sealable bag
  4. cover up any personal identification with a black marker that is on the original pill containers
  5. place these containers in the bag with the mixture, seal them, and place them in the trash.
 
 
After these products are properly disposed, the process of treating them for minimizing environmental impact begins. Water treatment facilities use different processes in order to minimize or fully eliminate the amount of these pollutants. This is done by using sorption where suspended solids are removed by sedimentation.

Another method used is biodegradation, and through this method microorganisms, such as bacteria, feed or break down these pollutants thus eliminating them from the contaminated media. 



Pharmaceuticals Found in Treated Drinking Water

Below is a list of some of the pharmaceuticals they found in treated drinking water:

ANTIBIOTICS

Amoxicillin — for pneumonia, stomach ulcers
Azithromycin — for pneumonia, sexually transmitted diseases
Bacitracin — prevents infection in cuts and burns
Chloramphenicol — for serious infections when other antibiotics can't be used
Ciprofloxacin — for anthrax, other infections
Doxycycline — for pneumonia, Lyme disease, acne
Erythromycin — for pneumonia, whooping cough, Legionnaires' disease
Lincomycin — for strep, staph, other serious infections
Oxytetracycline — for respiratory, urinary infections
Penicillin G — for anthrax, other infections
Penicillin V — for pneumonia, scarlet fever, infections of ear, skin, throat
Roxithromycin — for respiratory, skin infections
Sulfadiazine — for urinary infections, burns
Sulfamethizole — for urinary infections
Sulfamethoxazole — for traveler's diarrhea, pneumonia, urinary and ear infections
Tetracycline — for pneumonia, acne, stomach ulcers, Lyme disease
Trimethoprim — for urinary and ear infections, traveler's diarrhea, pneumonia


PAIN RELIEVERS

Acetaminophen — soothes arthritis, aches, colds; reduces fever
Antipyrine — for ear infections
Aspirin — for minor aches, pain; lowers risk of heart attack and stroke
Diclofenac — for arthritis, menstrual cramps, other pain
Ibuprofen — for arthritis, aches, menstrual cramps; reduces fever
Naproxen — for arthritis, bursitis, tendinitis, aches; reduces fever
Prednisone — for arthritis, allergic reactions, multiple sclerosis, some cancers


HEART DRUGS

Atenolol — for high blood pressure
Bezafibrate — for cholesterol problems
Clofibric acid — byproduct of various cholesterol medications
Diltiazem — for high blood pressure, chest pain
Gemfibrozil — regulates cholesterol
Simvastatin — slows production of cholesterol

MIND DRUGS

Carbamazepine — for seizures, mood regulating
Diazepam — for anxiety, seizures; eases alcohol withdrawal
Fluoxetine — for depression; relieves premenstrual mood swings
Meprobamate — for anxiety
Phenytoin — controls epileptic seizures
Risperidone — for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, severe behavior problems


OTHER HUMAN DRUGS

Caffeine — found in coffee; also used in pain relievers
Cotinine — byproduct of nicotine; drug in tobacco, also used in products to help smokers quit
Iopromide — given as contrast agent for medical imaging
Nicotine — found in tobacco, also in medicinal products to help smokers quit
Paraxanthine — a byproduct of caffeine
Theophylline — for asthma, bronchitis and emphysema


VETERINARY

Carbadox — for control of dysentery, bacterial enteritis in pigs; promotes growth
Chlortetracycline — for eye, joint, other animal ailments
Enrofloxacin — for infections in farm animals and pets; treats wounds
Monensin — for weight gain, prevention of severe diarrhea in farm animals
Narasin — for severe diarrhea in farm animals
Oleandomycin — for respiratory disease; promotes growth in farm animals
Salinomycin — promotes growth in livestock
Sulfachloropyridazine — for enteritis in farm animals
Sulfadimethoxine — for severe diarrhea, fowl cholera, other conditions in farm animals
Sulfamerazine — for a range of infections in cats, fowl
Sulfamethazine — for bacterial diseases in farm animals; promotes growth
Sulfathiazole — for diseases in aquarium fish
Tylosin — promotes growth, treats infections in farm animals, including bees
Virginiamycin M1 — prevents infection, promotes growth in farm animals