John F. Kennedy Assassination Conspiracy
Polls Show Many Americans Believe there was a Conspiracy to Kill President Kennedy
|John F. Kennedy Assassination Conspiracy
Possible Conspiracy Theories
Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, at 12:30 p.m. Central
Standard Time on November 22nd, 1963, while on a political trip to Texas
to smooth over factions in the Democratic Party between liberals Ralph
Yarborough and Don Yarborough (no relation) and conservative John
He was shot once in the upper
back and was killed with a final shot to the head. He was pronounced
dead at 1:00 p.m. Only 46, President Kennedy died younger than any U.S.
president to date.
Lee Harvey Oswald, an employee of the
Texas School Book Depository from which the shots were suspected to have
been fired, was arrested on charges for the murder of a local police
officer and was subsequently charged with the assassination of Kennedy.
denied shooting anyone, claiming he was a patsy, but was killed by Jack
Ruby on November 24th, before he could be indicted or tried. Ruby was
then arrested and convicted for the murder of Oswald. Ruby successfully
appealed his conviction and death sentence but became ill and died of
cancer on January 3rd, 1967 while the date for his new trial was being
President Johnson created the Warren Commission—chaired by
Chief Justice Earl Warren—to investigate the assassination, which
concluded that Oswald was the lone assassin. The results of this
investigation are disputed by many. The assassination proved to be an
important moment in U.S. history because of its impact on the nation and
the ensuing political repercussions.
November 25th, 1963, John F. Kennedy's body was buried in a small plot,
(20 by 30 ft.), in Arlington National Cemetery. Over a period of 3
years, (1964–1966), an estimated 16 million people had visited his
On March 14th, 1967, Kennedy's body was moved to a permanent
burial plot and memorial at Arlington National Cemetery. The
funeral was officiated by Father John J Cavanaugh. The honor guard at
JFK`s graveside was the 37th Cadet Class of the Irish Army.
greatly impressed by the Irish Cadets on his last official visit to the
Republic of Ireland, so much so that Jackie Kennedy requested the Irish
Army to be the honor guard at the funeral. Kennedy's wife,
Jacqueline and their two deceased minor children were buried with him
His brother, Senator Robert Kennedy, was buried nearby in June
1968. In August 2009, his brother, Senator Edward M. Kennedy, was also
buried near his two brothers. JFK's grave is lit with an "Eternal
Kennedy and William Howard Taft are the only two U.S. Presidents
buried at Arlington.
The Killing Of Lee Harvey Oswald
Lee Harvey Oswald was, according to four government investigations, the assassin of President of the United States John F. Kennedy, by firearm in Dallas, Texas on November 22nd, 1963.
A former U.S. Marine who had briefly defected to the Soviet Union, Oswald was initially arrested for the shooting murder of police officer J. D. Tippit, on a Dallas street approximately 40 minutes after Kennedy was shot, at 12:30pm local time.
Soon suspected in the assassination of Kennedy as well, Oswald denied involvement in either killing.
Two days later, while being transferred from police headquarters to the county jail, Oswald was mortally wounded by nightclub owner Jack Ruby in full view of television cameras broadcasting live.
In 1964, the Warren Commission concluded that Oswald acted alone in assassinating Kennedy, a conclusion also reached by prior investigations carried out by the FBI and Dallas Police.
According to government investigations (including that of the Warren Commission) as Kennedy's motorcade passed through Dallas's Dealey Plaza about 12:30 p.m. on November 22nd, Oswald fired from a window on the sixth floor of the book depository, killing the President and seriously wounding Texas Governor John Connally.
Bystander James Tague received a minor facial injury. It is of some note that Carolyn Arnold, a secretary in the Book Depository, claimed that she noticed Oswald in the second floor lunchroom between 12:15pm and 12:25pm.
She said that it appeared he was eating his lunch at the time. This would tend to conflict with the official government position that Oswald was the lone assassin.
According to the Warren Commission, immediately after firing Oswald hid the rifle behind some boxes and descended the rear stairwell.
About ninety seconds after the shooting, in the second-floor lunchroom he encountered a police officer accompanied by Oswald's supervisor; the officer let Oswald pass after the supervisor identified him as an employee. (According to the officer, Oswald was drinking a soda and did not appear to be nervous or out of breath.)
Oswald crossed to the front staircase, and left the building just before police sealed it off. The supervisor later pointed out to officers that Oswald was the only employee to absent himself after the assassination.
At about 12:40 p.m. Oswald boarded a city bus but (probably due to heavy traffic) he requested a transfer from the driver and got off two blocks later. He took a taxicab to his rooming house, at 1026 North Beckley, which he entered about 1:00 p.m., "walking pretty fast" according to his housekeeper.
He soon left wearing a jacket, and was last seen by the housekeeper by the stop for a bus route heading back to downtown Dallas. About four-fifths of a mile (1.3 km) away, Patrolman J. D. Tippit pulled alongside Oswald on a residential street and spoke to him through a window.
At approximately 1:11–1:14 pm, Tippit exited his car and was immediately struck and killed by four shots. Numerous witnesses heard the shots and saw a man flee the scene holding a revolver.
Four cartridge cases found at the scene were identified by expert witnesses before the Warren Commission and the House Select Committee as having been fired from the revolver later found in Oswald's possession, to the exclusion of all other weapons.
Jack Leon Rubenstein, who legally changed his name to Jack Leon Ruby in 1947, was an American nightclub operator in Dallas, Texas. He was convicted of the November 24th, 1963 murder of Lee Harvey Oswald.
The murder took place two days after Oswald was arrested by deputy Bill Vaught for the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
Ruby appealed the conviction and death sentence. As a date for his new trial was being set, he became ill and died of lung cancer on January 3rd, 1967.
Conspiracy theorists claim that Ruby was involved with major figures in organized crime and killed Oswald as part of an overall plot surrounding the assassination of Kennedy.
Others have disputed this, arguing that his connection with gangsters was minimal at best and that he was not the sort to be entrusted with such an act within a high-level conspiracy.
Jack Ruby was known to have been acquainted with both the police and the mob, specifically the Italian Mafia. The House Select Committee on Assassinations said that Jack Ruby had known restaurateurs Sam (1920–1970) and Joseph Campisi (1918–1990) since 1947, and had been seen with them on many occasions.
After an investigation of Joe Campisi, the HSCA found, While Campisi's technical characterization in federal law enforcement records as an organized crime member has ranged from definite to suspected to negative, it is clear that he was an associate or friend of many Dallas-based organized crime members, particularly Joseph Civello, during the time he was the head of the Dallas organization. There was no indication that Campisi had engaged in any specific organized crime-related activities.
Similarly, a PBS Frontline investigation into the connections between Ruby and Dallas organized crime figures reported the following: In 1963, Sam and Joe Campisi were leading figures in the Dallas underworld.
Jack knew the Campisis and had been seen with them on many occasions. The Campisis were lieutenants of Carlos Marcello, the Mafia boss who had reportedly talked of killing the President.
A day before Kennedy was assassinated, Ruby went to Joe Campisi's restaurant. At the time of the Kennedy assassination, Ruby was close enough to the Campisis to ask them to come see him after he was arrested for shooting Lee Oswald.
In his memoir, Bound by Honor: A Mafioso's Story, Bill Bonanno, son of New York Mafia boss Joseph Bonanno, explains that several Mafia families had long-standing ties with the anti-Castro Cubans through the Havana casinos operated by the Mafia before the Cuban Revolution.
The Cubans hated Kennedy because he did not fully support them in the Bay of Pigs Invasion; and his brother, the young and idealistic Attorney General Robert Kennedy, had conducted an unprecedented legal assault on organized crime.
The Mafia were experts in assassination, and Bonanno reports that he realized the degree of the involvement of other Mafia families when he witnessed Jack Ruby killing Oswald on television: the Bonannos recognized Jack Ruby as an associate of Chicago mobster Sam Giancana.
Following Ruby's March 1964 conviction for murder with malice, Ruby's lawyers, led by Sam Houston Clinton, appealed to the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, the highest criminal court in Texas. Ruby's lawyers argued that he could not have received a fair trial in the city of Dallas because of the excessive publicity surrounding the case.
A year after his conviction, in March 1965, Ruby conducted a brief televised news conference in which he stated: "Everything pertaining to what's happening has never come to the surface. The world will never know the true facts of what occurred, my motives. The people who had so much to gain, and had such an ulterior motive for putting me in the position I'm in, will never let the true facts come above board to the world."
Interview with a reporter who knew Jack Ruby and how he had an interesting encounter with him.
When asked by a reporter: "Are these people in very high positions Jack?", he responded "Yes." Dallas Deputy Sheriff Al Maddox claimed:
"Ruby told me, he said, 'Well, they injected me for a cold.' He said it was cancer cells."
"That's what he told me, Ruby did. I said you don't believe that bullshit. He said, 'I damn sure do!' [Then] one day when I started to leave, Ruby shook hands with me and I could feel a piece of paper in his palm.... [In this note] he said it was a conspiracy and he said ... if you will keep your eyes open and your mouth shut, you're gonna learn a lot. And that was the last letter I ever got from him."
Not long before Ruby died, according to an article in the London Sunday Times, he told psychiatrist Werner Teuter, that the assassination was "an act of overthrowing the government" and that he knew "who had President Kennedy killed." He added: "I am doomed. I do not want to die. But I am not insane. I was framed to kill Oswald."
Eventually, the appellate court agreed with Ruby's lawyers for a new trial, and on October 5th, 1966, ruled that his motion for a change of venue before the original trial court should have been granted. Ruby's conviction and death sentence were overturned.
Arrangements were underway for a new trial to be held in February 1967, in Wichita Falls, Texas, when, on December 9th, 1966, Ruby was admitted to Parkland Hospital in Dallas, suffering from pneumonia.
A day later, doctors realized he had cancer in his liver, lungs, and brain. Ruby made a final statement from his hospital bed on December 19th that he and he alone had been responsible for the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald. "There is nothing to hide... There was no one else," Ruby said.
The JFK Conspiracy Theories
New Orleans Conspiracy Theory - Immediately following the assassination, allegations began to surface of
a conspiracy between Oswald and persons with whom he was or may have
been acquainted while he lived in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Federal Reserve Conspiracy Theory - Jim Marrs, in his book Crossfire: The Plot That Killed Kennedy, speculated that the assassination of Kennedy might have been motivated by the issuance of Executive Order 11110.
This executive order enabled the Treasury to print silver certificates, bypassing the Federal Reserve System. Executive Order 11110 was not officially repealed until the Ronald Reagan Administration. Official explanations claim that the executive order was simply an attempt to drain the silver reserves, and did not actually endanger the careers of anyone working at the Federal Reserve
The Three Tramps Conspiracy Theory - Nearly a dozen people were taken into custody in and around Dealey Plaza in the minutes following the assassination. In most of these instances, no records of the identities of those detained were kept.
The most famous of those taken into custody have come to be known as the "tramps": three men discovered in a boxcar in the rail yard west of the grassy knoll.
CIA Conspiracy Theory - Some researchers have claimed that CIA officer David Atlee Phillips used the alias "Maurice Bishop." He used the pseudonym while working with Alpha 66, an organization of anti-Castro Cubans. Alpha 66's founder, Antonio Veciana, claimed that during one of his meetings with "Bishop", Lee Harvey Oswald was also in attendance. HSCA investigator Gaeton Fonzi believed Phillips was Bishop.
|Rare 1960 JFK Tapes Unveiled
On October 13th, 2008, NBC-TV's Brian Williams unveiled some never-before-heard audio recordings of John F. Kennedy.
newly-discovered tapes feature JFK in a casual setting at his home in
Georgetown (near Washington, D.C.), as he talks with friends (including
Ben Bradlee) after dinner on the evening of January 5th, 1960, just three
days after Kennedy had announced that he was going to run for President.
recordings reveal some interesting insights into the mindset of the
42-year-old Massachusetts Senator as he embarked on his campaign to
reach the White House.
Secret Service Conspiracy Theory - The House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded that although Oswald assassinated Kennedy, a conspiracy was probable. Among its findings, the HSCA noted that President Kennedy had not received adequate protection in Dallas, that the Secret Service possessed information that was not properly analyzed, investigated or used by the Secret Service in connection with the President's trip to Dallas, and finally that the Secret Service agents in the motorcade were inadequately prepared to protect the President from a sniper.
Although widely disputed but possible, this lack of protection may have occurred because Kennedy himself had specifically asked that the Secret Service make itself discreet during the Dallas visit.
Cuban Exiles Conspiracy Theory - Cuban Richard Helms, a director of the CIA's Office of Special Operations, had reason to be hostile to Kennedy since when first elected, Kennedy supported invading Cuba and then only later changed his mind about how to approach the matter.
After the disastrous Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba sponsored by the CIA, Kennedy changed his mind about an invasion, earning the hatred of the Cuban exile community.
Thus, Helms was immediately put under pressure from President Kennedy and his brother Robert (the Attorney General) to increase American efforts to get rid of the Castro regime. Operation Mongoose had nearly 4,000 operators involved in attacks on Cuban economic targets.
E. Howard Hunt Conspiracy Theory - Former CIA agent and Watergate figure E. Howard Hunt has been named as a possible participant in several Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories. Separately, he denied complicity in the murder of JFK while accusing others of being involved.Some researchers have identified Hunt as a figure crossing Dealey Plaza in a raincoat and fedora immediately after the assassination.
Others have suggested that Hunt was one of the men known as the three tramps who were arrested and then quickly released shortly after the assassination.
JFK - Case for Conspiracy I
The Kennedy Assassination Films
is Robert Groden's fascinating video documentary JFK - The Case for
Conspiracy Part 1 (1993) which is the answer to tens of thousands of
requests for his optically enhanced films and photographs of the actual
assassination and the investigation and cover-up that followed.
has been considered the world's leading expert on the photographic
evidence relating to the assassination of President Kennedy for nearly
forty years. Presented here for the first time are the incredibly clear
films of the murder, mastered from Groden's original material.
truly presents the case for conspiracy. Everything from the
Presidential party landing at Love Field in Dallas, as well as the whole
route of the motorcade through downtown Dallas, Dealey Plaza, the
assassination and on to Parkland Hospital where the announcement of the
President's death occurs.
The reactions of the press, secret service
agents, and crowds at Parkland Hospital are shown. Eyewitness testimony,
rare and exclusive interviews with the doctors, nurses, and other
medical professionals. Utililizing more than 200 films of the motorcade
and the assassination this video contains exclusive photographic,
medical, acoustic, ballistic, and autopsy evidence.
Groden's films are
the best proof of the conspiracy to kill President Kennedy. Now see the
truth for yourself! 1h 45 min. long. A must see for everyone
JFK - Case for Conspiracy II
The Kennedy Assassination Films
is Robert Groden's fascinating video documentary JFK - The Case for
Conspiracy Part 2 - The Kennedy Assassination Films (1995) which brings
together the complete filmed record of the "Crime of the Century" - the
assassination of John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States on
November 22nd, 1963 - an event that shocked the world.
For the first time
ever, all of the relevant film footage of that dark day has been
assembled for this historic, milestone compilation. This is the very
evidence that forced Congress to reopen the investigation.
Now you too
can be a witness to the assassination. Prepare to go back to Dallas,
Texas on November 22nd, 1963, at 12:30pm in order to return to Dealey
Plaza and see a detailed, moment-by-moment look at the shooting and
aftermath, as filmed by amateur and professional photographers.
the famous Zapruder home movie of the assassination, available here for
the first time in its original, unspliced condition, and in over 20
A great deal of disinformation from both official
government and media sources has surrounded the assassination in recent
years. Now see the truth for yourself! 50 min. long. A must see for
Organized Crime Conspiracy Theory - Mafia criminals may have wished to retaliate for increasing pressure put upon them by Robert Kennedy (who had increased by 12 times the number of prosecutions under President Dwight Eisenhower).
Documents never seen by the Warren Commission have revealed that some Mafiosi were working very closely with the CIA on several assassination attempts of Fidel Castro.
Lyndon Johnson Conspiracy Theory - In 2003, researcher Barr McClellan published the book, Blood, Money & Power: How L.B.J. Killed J.F.K.. McClellan claims that Lyndon Johnson, motivated by the fear of being dropped from the Kennedy ticket in 1964 and the need to cover up various scandals, masterminded Kennedy's assassination with the help of his friend attorney Edwardo Clark.
The book suggests that a smudged partial fingerprint from the sniper's nest likely belonged to Johnson's associate Malcolm "Mac" Wallace, and that Mac Wallace was therefore the assassin.
Conspiracy Theory with Jesse VenturaJFK Assassination
Former Governor Jesse Ventura will take on what he has long regarded as
the most significant event of his generation and the 60s era-- the
assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy.
A "major figure" from recent U.S. history admits to involvement in the
plot in an audio tape that will blow audiences away.
The source names
names, and Lee Harvey Oswald isn't on the list. According to the show's
producers, Ventura's team has even established new evidence that
suggests the individuals allegedly involved in the assassination have
powerful ties that even go as high as former President and former CIA
director George H. W. Bush.
Is this the key at last to why the media has
been so reluctant to admit that someone else was shooting at Dealey
Plaza on November 22, 1963? Ventura qualified as an expert shot while in naval special forces
training, and qualified again as an expert during his term as Governor
in Minnesota, yet he could not duplicate the time and accuracy of
Oswald's fateful shots.
In the course of the episode, Jesse
Ventura, a former Navy SEAL and Underwater Demolitions expert, attempts
to recreate Oswald's alleged shooting that day. He tracked down the
exact make and model, as well as ammunition stock that the Warren
Commission claims Oswald used.
But despite the fact that Ventura
qualified as an expert shot while in naval special forces training, and
qualified again as an expert during his term as Governor in Minnesota,
he could not duplicate the time and accuracy of Oswald's fateful shots.
Yet Lee Harvey Oswald only qualified as a "marksman," two grades lower
than Ventura. (Witnesses who shot with Oswald have said for years that
he had "Maggie's drawers"—that he frequently missed the target and
generally did not meet the high standards of a serviceman.)
House Select Committee on Assassinations matched Ventura's findings back
in 1978. Their investigation found a 95% or higher probability that
John F. Kennedy was killed by more than one assassin, concluding that
indeed a conspiracy took place, and debunking the rushed conclusions of
the 1964 Warren Commission that Oswald acted alone.
However, nearly half
a century later, the media has continued to promote the lone gunman
theory, even in spite of a skeptical public. The motives behind this
mass-misconception are deep and probing indeed, and Ventura has been
questioning the official account for many years now.
The American Fact-Finding Committee Theory - Many researchers and conspiracy theorists talk about the full page, black-bordered advertisement published in the Nov 22, 1963 Dallas Morning News that accused Kennedy of ignoring the United States Constitution and implying that he was a communist. The ad was signed by the "American Fact-Finding Committee", Bernard Weissman, chairman.
Soviet Bloc Conspiracy Theory - According to a 1966 FBI document, a source considered reliable by the Bureau related to the FBI in late 1963 that Colonel Boris Ivanov, Chief of the Soviet Committee for State Security (KGB), who resided in New York City at the time of the assassination, stated that it was his personal feeling that the assassination of President Kennedy had been planned by an organized group rather than being the act of one individual assassin.
Cuban Conspiracy Theory - It was President Lyndon Johnson's belief that JFK's assassination had been organized by Castro as a retaliation for the CIA's efforts to kill Castro. In October, 1968, Johnson told veteran newsman Howard K. Smith, that "Kennedy was trying to get to Castro, but Castro got to him first."
In September, 1969, in an interview with Walter Cronkite of CBS, Johnson said that in regard to the assassination he could not, "honestly say that I've ever been completely relieved of the fact that there might have been international connections." Finally, in 1971, Johnson told Leo Janos of Time Magazine that he, "never believed that Oswald acted alone."
Beyond ConspiracyThe Kennedy Assassination
years after President John F. Kennedy was fatally shot on November 22nd,
1963, over 70 percent of Americans still believe there was a conspiracy
to kill him and that the suspected assasin, Lee Harvey Oswald did not
Utilizing modern technology, computer animator Dale Myers created a
digital simulation of the only known film of the murder, a 16 mm home
movie taken by Abraham Zapruder, a bystander that filmed the fatal
Then Myers matched this digital film to a three dimensional
computer model of Dealey Plaza which he created that reconstructs the
plaza exactly as it appeared at the time of the murder.
The resulting digital animation allowed Myers to recreate the exact view
point from any perspective within the plaza at the moment and finally
provide concrete evidence of whether or not Oswald was a long assasin or
if an actual conspiracy consisted.
Also examined is new evidence discovered years later on an audio tape
from an open police microphone at the scene and other theories that
circulated including Communist ties and mob involvement in the
Israeli Conspiracy Theory - This theory alleges that the Israeli government was displeased with Kennedy for his pressure against their pursuit of a top-secret nuclear program at the Negev Nuclear Research Center (commonly called "Dimona") and/or the Israelis were angry over Kennedy's sympathies with Arabs. Gangster Meyer Lansky and Lyndon B. Johnson often play pivotal roles in this conspiracy theory as organizing and preparing the hit, thus bleeding into and possibly catalyzing many of the other conspiracies as well.
Out of all the crazy events that have happened in our world the JFK Assassination has probably caused the most conspiracy theories than any other event, it is considered the granddaddy of conspiracy theories, possibly even more than UFOs, 9/11, or the New World Order.
The fact that there are so many theories is a statement that there was many possible motives behind his assassination and the truth of the matter is it most likely was an organized event created by a group of people and not one individual.
Since it appears to have been so well orchestrated the truth will probably never be completely known but higher powers were more than likely involved.