Haint: A Southern Appalachian term for a ghost, derived from the word “haunt.”
Haizum: (Islamic tradition) The horse of the archangel Gabriel. It is a white, flaming, spiritual horse which has a pair of wings like that of a pegasus and can fly swiftly from one cosmic plane to another in a second. Haizum was God's gift to Gabriel for pleasing Him. A legend based on sura 20:88 relates that the dust from the hoofprints of Haizum was thrown into the mouth of the Golden Calf.
Hallowe'en: n: a shortened version of the name 'All Hallows Even'. It marks 'The Eve of All Saints' which occurs each year on the 31st of October. This is also the last night of the year in the early Celtic Calendar.
Hallucination: Perception of stimuli that aren’t actually present, but are believed to be genuine.
Hantu Demon: A legendary evil spirit or demon in Philippine mythology. They are notorious in the Philippines for allegedly possessing people and driving them insane.This creature is said to have a power to possess people or animals and kill their souls to become the creature that he/she possessed. Hantu is the Malay word for ghost and Pulau Hantu translates as "ghost island."
There are many types of hantu:
- Hantu Belia: tiger demon
- Hantu Damon Caskey: ghost reappears in Déjà vu
- Hantu Jarang Gigi: legendary ape-men who roam the southern rainforests of Malaysia, known as ghosts with widely spaced teeth
- Hantu Kangkang: One is said to haunt the gateway to the Istana Maziah in the Kuala Trengganu harbour.
- Hantu Kongkek: A female counterpart of the Orang Minyak, who is storied to rape males at night and drain their life-force.
- Hantu Kubor: grave demon
- Hantu Kutti: A dark-skinned jinn that speaks with an Indian accent and has a faint smell of spices or curry. Hantu Kutti are sometimes the source of faint Quranic recitations late at night, as these ghosts are particularly religious and are said to be very pious Muslims. They might be a bit extremist and cause disturbance for Muslims who they consider "not Islamic enough".
- Hantu Pelir: Similar to the countryside deity Pan, this ghost is often seen with an erection or swollen scrotum and is said to copulate with animals in the countryside. Young women are told to run away as far as they can, otherwise they might get raped by the hantu pelir.
- Hantu Pocong: Indonesian ghost that is said to take the form of a body enshrouded in coffin cloth. The legend comes from a burial ritual in Islam where the body is enshrouded in white coffin cloth (kain kafan in Indonesian). The body is tied at several places of the body to keep the coffin cloth during the transportation to the grave. When the body is laid down inside the grave, the tie keeping the coffin cloth is typically removed. A dead body is said to become a pocong if the tie is not removed. The legend is that the pocong will haunt until the tie is removed.
- Hantu Pusaka: Malaysian demon
- Hantu Penyardin: Malaysian vampire
- Hantu Raya: (early Malaysian Folklore) A supreme ghost or demon which is suppose to confer the owner with great powers. He is said to be the master of all ghosts (hantu). It is the leader of the underworld legion and those who make alliance with it, are considered powerful. In modern Islamic Malay culture, the belief in Hantu Raya is no longer valid, but rather it is identified with a demon, Satan and the Djinn (Genie). Muslims believe that djinns and demons are more powerful than man but less intelligent. Hantu Raya is usually inherited from older generations in the form known as Saka. In return for the advantages and power, the owner agrees to provide for the ghost and to appoint a new owner before dying. According to legend, people who fail to untie their bond with the hantu will suffer especially during death. Hantu Raya will resemble the look of its owner ever after death and go roaming. People seeing him will assume that the deceased has been brought back to life. It will search for food and new owner at night and goes around haunting people. Another legend goes that the dying soul will face difficulty in dying and becomes a living corpse or zombie. Hantu Raya is capable of materializing itself into another human being or animals and sometimes makes itself a double for the owner. Among its other trick is to form its owner's shape and sleep with the owner's partners. It can be used to perform heavy duties as commanded by its master, even to harm his enemies. It can also possess or cause death to other people if so ordered. Normally Hantu Raya feasts on acak – an offering made for the spirits, containing: yellow glutinous rice, eggs, roasted chicken, rice flakes and a doll. In some cases Hantu Raya is offered the blood of a slaughtered animal as a sacrifice. Food offerings must strictly be observed in a timely manner, to avoid any harm caused by the hantu.
- Hantu Ribut: storm demon
- Hantu Rimba: deep-forest demon
- Hantu Tinggi: (in West Malaysia): A legendary ghost that is said to be as tall as the tree-tops, and whose legs are indistinguishable from tree trunks.
Haunted House: defined as a house that is believed to be a center for supernatural occurrences or paranormal phenomena. A haunted house may allegedly contain ghosts, poltergeists, or even malevolent entities such as demons. Haunted houses are often seen as being inhabited by spirits of deceased who may have been former residents or were familiar with the property. Supernatural activity inside homes is said to be mainly associated with violent or tragic events in the building's past such as murder, accidental death, or suicide—sometimes in the recent or ancient past. Among many cultures and religions it is believed that the essence of a being such as the 'soul' continues to exist. Some philosophical and religious views argue that the 'spirits' of those who have died have not 'passed over' and are trapped inside the property where their memories and energy are strong. Entities which are said to 'haunt' homes are often believed to make noises, appear as apparitions, and shift or launch physical objects. This is sometimes manifested into 'poltergeist activity', poltergeist meaning 'noisy spirit'. Traditionally an exorcism is the method used to remove unwelcome spirits from the property.
In Stambovsky v. Ackley, the Supreme Court of New York, Appellate Division ruled in 1991 that a seller must disclose that a house has a reputation for being haunted when there is a fiduciary relationship or in cases of fraud or misrepresentation, because such a reputation impairs the value of the house:
In the case at bar, defendant seller deliberately fostered the public belief that her home was possessed. Having undertaken to inform the public at large, to whom she has no legal relationship, about the supernatural occurrences on her property, she may be said to owe no less a duty to her contract vendee
Haunting: Disturbances of a paranormal character, attributed to the spirits of the dead including phenomena such as apparitions, unexplained sounds, smells or other sensations that are associated over a lengthy period of time with a specific location. Also called "Place Memory Haunting" and "Place Residue Haunting"; frequent visitation by seemingly paranormal phenomena.
Tradition established two main factors in haunting: an old house or other locale and restlessness of a spirit. The first represents an unbroken link with the past, the second is believed to be caused by remorse over an evil life or by the shock of violent death. The manifestations vary greatly. In most cases, strange noises are heard alone (auditory effects); in some others objects are displaced, and lights are seen (visual effects); also, a chilliness is sometimes felt in the atmosphere, not infrequently unbearable stench pervades the room, and an evil influence imparts feelings of unspeakable horror (sensory effects); and phantoms, both human and animal, appear in various degrees of solidity. The more noise they make the less solid they are. The phenomena of haunting are often classed as objective and subjective. This classification is rather arbitrary as it does not take count of auditive hyperaesthesia. Sounds below the ordinary limit of audition may be heard objectively although nobody else is aware of a beginning disturbance. The phantoms themselves are often harmless and aimless, sometimes malevolent. "Since the days of ancient Egypt, ghosts have learned, and have forgotten nothing," stated Andrew Lang, noted folklorist and writer on psychical manifestations. The usual type display no intelligence, appear irregularly, and act like sleepwalkers or mechanical recordings.
Haunting: Paranormal -Object-centered Haunting: Paranormal events that seem to surround a particular object. (I.E.: A car or a piece of jewlery).
-Person-centered Haunting: Once used to describe poltergeist phenomena.
-Place-centered Haunting: Used to describe a location where alleged paranormal events frequently take place. (I.E.: A battlefield or former location of a home).
Parapsychologists separate hauntings into two distinct categories:
-Intelligent Haunting: The strongest argument for the survival of the human personality or soul after death besides out-of-body and near-death experiences come from encounters with disembodied entities that retain memories, personality traits and faults in death as in life. Unlike the play-like antics of a residual memory, a spirit is not confined to a certain location, but may stay there of their own volition.
-Residual Haunting: Also called place memory haunting, place residue haunting or stone tape theory; memories that somehow engage certain people under different circumstances, especially when they enter an altered state of consciousness from fatigue or boredom. These images do not acknowledge the living, but repeat the same patterns continually.
The more or less regular occurrence of paranormal phenomena associated with a particular locality (especially a building) and usually attributed to the activities of a discarnate entity; the phenomena may include apparitions, poltergeist disturbances, cold drafts, sounds of steps and voices, and various odors.
Healer: Someone who claims the power of healing.
Healing: Types of healing are Hands on, Absent, Prayer, Color, Sound. Healing is considered medicine for the soul. Healing of any kind means laying oneself open to the Divine Source of Love either by receiving or giving. This universal source is the very life we breathe, it is the energy that permeates every living thing. The practice of these types of healing has been used for centuries, even the ancient Egyptians recognized the importance of sound, some of the great pyramids are known to have amazing acoustics and it has been suggested that they may have been used for healing through the use of incantations.
Healing, Psychic: Healing apparently brought about by such non-medical means as prayer, the “laying on of hands,” Psychic healing; immersion at a religious shrine, and so on, and inexplicable according to contemporary medical science; not to be confused with merely unconventional medicine.
Heautoscopy: A term used in psychiatry and neurology for the reduplicative hallucination of "seeing one's own body at a distance". It can occur as a symptom in schizophrenia and epilepsy. Heautoscopy possibly forms the basis for doppelgänger phenomenae.
Hei Bai Wu Chang: 黑白无常- (Chinese Folklore) Also known as Da Ye Bo and Er Ye Bo 大爷伯 二爷伯 which means "great grand-elder" and "second grand-elder". These two were guards of the Chinese hell whose tasks were to bring the souls of the dead to hell for sentencing by the King of the Hell, Yan Luo Wang 阎罗王. They had tall hats and long vestments which covered their limbs, sometimes carrying a seal on the right hand and a stick with cloth pieces on the left hand. The elder one wears white while the second one wears black. Both have very long tongues.
Heikegani Crabs: (Japanese Folklore) A species of arthropod native to Japan. Originally, Japanese myth states that these crabs bore the faces of Heike samurai that died in the battle of Dan-no-ura, in which an entire kingdom was destroyed. The child leader of the clan requested the gods to honor the brave men that had died to defend him, hence, the bodies of these crabs resemble human faces. They exist only in the lake where the young emperor drowned himself after the battle and were believed to be the reincarnated samurai from that battle. Carl Sagan proposed that, in the past, Japanese people only ate Heikegani crabs that didn't resemble samurai faces, therefore ensuring that those with markings resembling a human face would survive and have offspring. Nowadays, most crabs have bodies resembling human faces; however, at a mere 1 or 2 inches in diameter, they’re not eaten very often. The existance of this species is not in question.
Hellhound: a dog of Hell, found in mythology, folklore and fiction. Hellhounds typically have features such as black fur color, glowing red or some times glowing yellow eyes, super strength or speed, ghostly or phantom characteristics, foul odor, and sometimes even the ability to talk. Some people say they have seen the dog with a by-stander they believe for this person to be a messenger of the devil. Hellhounds are often associated with fire, and may have fire-based abilities and appearances, hellhounds appear out of nowhere suddenly and have been known to vanish in a blink of an eye. They are often assigned to guard the entrances to the world of the dead, such as graveyards and Indian burial grounds, or undertake other duties related to the afterlife or the supernatural, such as hunting down lost souls or guarding a supernatural treasure. As legend goes, if one happened to see the hellhound three times directly in the eyes, he or she will die an abrupt and unseen death.The most famous hellhound is probably Cerberus, the hound of Hades from Greek mythology. Hellhounds are also famous for appearing in Celtic mythology as a part of the Wild Hunt. These hounds are given several different names in local folklore, but they display typical hellhound characteristics. The myth is common across Great Britain, and many names are given to the apparitions: Moddey Dhoo of the Isle of Man, Gwyllgi of Wales, and so on. See Barghest. The earliest mention of these myths are in both Walter Map's De Nugis Curianium (1190) and the Welsh myth cycle of the Four Branches of the Mabinogi (ca. 10th-13th century). In Southern Mexican and Central American folklore, the Cadejo is a big black dog that haunts naughty young men who walk late at night on rural roads.
Heteraesthesia: A sensitivity that is seemingly outside of the normal means.
Hindu Milk Miracle, The: A phenomenon considered by many Hindus as a miracle which occurred on September 21, 1995. Before dawn, a Hindu worshiper at a temple in south New Delhi made an offering of milk to a statue of Lord Ganesha. When a spoonful of milk from the bowl was held up to the trunk of the statue, the liquid was seen to disappear, apparently taken in by the idol. Word of the event spread quickly, and by mid-morning it was found that statues of the entire Hindu pantheon in temples all over North India were taking in milk. A small number of temples outside of India reported the effect continuing for several more days, but no further reports were made after the beginning of October. Skeptics hold the incident to be an example of mass hysteria.
Hitch-hikers: Entities and ghosts to attach themselves to living persons at a site and travel home or to other places with them. hitch-hikers can be picked up at haunted places unwittingly; a person may not realize that a presence has traveled with them until phenomena or disturbances are created at another location, especially at home.
Causes of hitch-hiking are difficult to ascertain but, appear to be determined by the right interactions of an individuals energy field and consciousness in conjunction with the energy of the place and the presences there. It also seems that not all people are susceptible as interactions with an entity or ghost does not always result in an attachment. One person may be more vulnerable than another but, not at all times.
Some times, hitch-hikers remain active for only a short period of time and then disappear. Others are persistent and may require action to repel or disperse the, such as spiritual cleansing, "Spirit Releasement", or in the case of a malevolent entity, exorcism.
Preventatives against hitch-hikers include taking protective measures wen visiting or investigating haunted locations and also ordering entities or ghosts to remain on their own territory.
Hit: In parapsychology, this word is used to indicate a correct response.
Hoatzins: (also called "Stink Birds") Bird species from the Amazon sometimes mistakenly believed to be a cryptid. They are considered living fossils, which is especially impressive since these things survived since halfway back to the dinosaur extinction (about 34 million years ago), in an area crawling with anacondas and crocodiles, not to mention spiders the size of your head. Outside of having baby chicks that climb trees like lizards, they also have the distinction of smelling bad enough to literally scare away predators with their foul odor. (You can see a photo of this creature HERE)
Hollow Earth: A hypothesis which proposes that the planet Earth is either wholly hollow or otherwise contains a substantial interior space. The hypothesis has long been contradicted by overwhelming observational evidence, as well as by the modern understanding of planet formation; the scientific community has dismissed the notion since at least the late 18th century. In ancient times, the idea of subterranean realms seemed arguable, and became intertwined with the concept of "places" such as the Greek Hades, the Nordic svartalfheim, the Christian Hell, and the Jewish Sheol (with details describing inner Earth in Kabalistic literature, such as the Zohar and Hesed L'Avraham). In 1818, John Cleves Symmes, Jr. suggested that the Earth consisted of a hollow shell about 1300 km (800 miles) thick, with openings about 2300 km (1400 miles) across at both poles with 4 inner shells each open at the poles. Symmes became the most famous of the early Hollow Earth proponents. He proposed making an expedition to the North Pole hole, thanks to efforts of one of his followers, James McBride. United States president John Quincy Adams indicated he would approve of this but he left office before this could occur. The new President of the United States, Andrew Jackson, halted the attempt. It is possible this is the source of the later (untrue) "fact" that Jackson believed in a Flat Earth, and was consequently the only United States president to do so. The Nazi era Thule Society reported much about Tibetan myths of openings into the Earth. There is even a theory that Hitler ordered a research journey for such an opening in Antarctica, based on a speech of Admiral Dönitz in front of a German submarine in 1944, when he claimed "The German submarine fleet is proud of having built an invisible fortification for the Führer, anywhere in the world." During the Nuremberg Trials, Dönitz spoke of "an invisible fortification, in midst of the eternal ice." An early twentieth-century proponent of hollow Earth, William Reed, wrote Phantom of the Poles in 1906. He supported the idea of a hollow Earth, but without interior shells or inner sun. The concept of a hollow Earth still recurs in folklore and as the premise for subterranean fiction, a subgenre of adventure fiction. It is also featured in some present-day scientific, pseudoscientific and conspiracy theories.
Home Circle: Also known as a "Home Sitting". A seance held in a home with or without the services of a professional medium, for the purposes of achieving spirit communication. Although anyone can organize a circle, few do unless they have heard of "Spiritualist Phenomenon". Home Circles peaked in popularity in the late 19th and early 20th centuries but, are still occasionally conducted today.
Hombre Caiman, The: , (South American Folklore) (From Spanish for: Alligator-man) A legendary creature that possesses both alligator and human features. This South American folk tale is particularly popular in Plato, Magdalena, especially in rural and less populated areas. Hombre Caiman is said to have been a fisherman converted by the spirit of the Magdalena river into an alligator, that returns every year on St. Sebastian´s day to hunt human victims, much like the werewolf.
Homunculus: (Latin for "little man", sometimes spelled "homonculus," plural "homunculi") Usually referring to a small creature constructed (often by way of mystical means) from numerous organic components. The term is often used to illustrate the functioning of a system.
Hot Reading: A process used by a fraudulent psychic or medium who has foreknowledge of someone’s history but claims the knowledge comes from otherworldly communications.
Hot Spot: An area of seemingly paranormal activity.
Huay Chivo, The: (From the Yucatec "Huay" meaning sorcerer or spirit and the Spanish "Chivo" for "I inform", literally meaning Witch-Informer). A legendary Mayan beast. It is a half-man, half-beast creature, with burning red eyes, and is specific to the Yucatán Peninsula. It is often said to be an evil sorcerer who can transform himself into a supernatural animal, usually a goat, dog or deer, in order to prey upon livestock. In recent times it has become associated with the chupacabras. The Huay Chivo is specific to the south-eastern Mexican states of Yucatán, Campeche and Quintana Roo. Alleged Huay Chivo activity is sporadically reported in the regional press. Local maya near the town of Valladalid, in Yucatan, believe the Huay Chivo is an evil sorcerer that is capable of transforming into a goat to do mischief and eat livestock. The Huay Chivo is a local variation of the Mesoamerican Nahual.
Huldra: (Scandinavian Folklore) A seductive forest creature. Other names include the Swedish skogsrå or skogsfru (meaning "lady (ruler) of the forest") and Tallemaja (pine tree Mary). Seen from the front she is a stunningly beautiful, naked female being with long hair; from behind she is hollow like an old tree trunk. In Norway she has a cow's tail, and in Sweden she may have that of a cow or a fox. In Norway she has often been described as a typical dairymaid, wearing the clothes of a regular farm-girl, although somewhat more dazzling than most girls. The huldra is one of several rå (keeper, warden), including the aquatic sjörå (or havsfru), later identified with a mermaid, and the bergsrå in caves and mines who made life tough for the poor miners. The huldra may be connected with the German Holda.The huldra lures men into the forest to have sex with her, rewarding those who satisfy her and often killing those who don't. She often steals human infants and replaces them with her own ugly huldrebarn (changeling Huldre children). She has long been associated with hunting; she might blow down the barrel of a huntsman's rifle, causing it never thereafter to miss a shot. Some are not so lucky, or perhaps skilled, and escape her only after surrendering their sanity. A male huldre is called a huldu. Sometimes she marries a local farm-boy, but when this happens, the glamour leaves her when the priest lays his hand on her, or when she enters the church. Some legends tell of husbands who subsequently treat her badly. She often wins her husband by showing physical strength, often by straightening a horseshoe. Some fairy tales leave out this feature, and let the couple live happily ever after. Huldra would also sometimes try to marry human men, keeping their identity secret until marriage; only that blessing could rid them of their tails. If mistreated, a huldra would visit terrible vengeance upon her husband. If betrayed, she can punish the man severely, as in one case from Sigdal, when she avenged her pride on a young braggart she had sworn to marry, on the promise that he would not tell anybody of her. On the contrary, the boy bragged about his bride for a year, and when they met again, she beat him around the ears with her cow-tail. He lost his hearing and his wits for the rest of his life. In modern day Iceland, stories still abound of the Huldrefolk. It is said that work crews building new roads will sometimes divert the road around particular boulders which are known to be the homes of the Huldre.
Human-machine Interaction: The presence of a person inhibits or helps electronic equipment.
Huna: A Hawaiian religious practice involving clairvoyance, precognition, healing, miracles and magic
Hungry Ghost: A ghost that "eats" the emotions of living humans or whose actions are driven by emotions leftover from its previous life.
Hyakumen konmou kyubi no kitsune: 白面金毛九尾の狐 (はくめんこんもうきゅうびのきつね) (Japanese Folklore) A nine tailed kitsune (fox spirit) yokai, that could change into a woman of unmatched beauty, who took the form of "Dakki" in Yin Dynasty China, and "Kaiyofujin" in ancient India. Known to charm statesmen and ruine countries. Later she came to Japan as "Tamamono Mae" and was favored by the retired Emperor Toba, but her true form was revealed and she was slain.
Hyper aesthesia: Exceptionally acute sensory awareness.
Hypermnesia: An uncanny ability to vividly or completely recall information filtered by the conscious mind but still contained in the subconscious. In parapsychology, this could account for seemingly psychic information when a person isn’t aware that their subconscious has retained bits and pieces of information and pieced them together.
Hypnagogia: A fairly common hallucination that occurs while falling asleep. This condition can create auditory and visual hallucinations, feelings of impending disaster or doom, perception of a malevolent presence, the inability to breath or move, etc. People who suffer a severe episode cannot be convinced that it wasn’t real. (May be related to the "Old Hag", which is similar to the Incubus legends, and supposed to sit on the chest of a person and prevent breathing).
Hypnagogic Imagery: Imagery occurring in the hypnagogic state occurring while dropping off to sleep.
Hynagogic State: Term referring to the transitional state of consciousness experienced while falling asleep, sometimes characterized by vivid hallucinations or imagery of varying degrees of bizarreness; sometimes used to refer also to the similar state of awareness experienced during the process of waking up. Compare Hypnopompic State. [From the Greek hypnos, “sleep,” + agogos, “leading”]
Hypnopompic Hallucination: Hallucinations that occur while waking up.
Hypnopompic Imagery: Imagery occurring in the hypnopompic state occurring while waking up.
Hypnopompic State: Term coined by Frederic Myers to refer to the transitional state of consciousness experienced while waking from sleep; the term “hypnagogic” is sometimes used to refer to this state also. [From the Greek hypnos, “sleep,” + pompos, “escort, guide”]
Hypnosis: A condition or state, commonly resembling sleep, which is accompanied by narrowing of the range of attention, is characterized by marked susceptibility to suggestion, and can be artificially induced.
I-Ching: A Chinese form of divination involving the use of 64 hexagrams.
Ideomotor Effect: Uncontrolled muscular movements.
Ideoplasty: In mediumship, a theory that hold that the beliefs and expectations of sitters or experimenters telepathically influences the medium who then produces the phenomena that supports the desired theory. Ideoplasty is also described as the theory that the dreams of an entranced medium are embodied by a process that incorporates suggestions from the sitters and an important formative element. Thus, ideoplasty was behind the formation of ectoplasm and materialization. Ideoplasty is similar to the "experimenter effect" observed in psychical research where an experimenters expectations unconsciously influences the results of an experiment. The theory that sitters in a seance can effect the occurring phenomena by unknowingly sending their thoughts and expectations of what will happen to the medium. The medium will then create what was expected by the group.
Ideokinesis: The use of specific images that you see moving in the body to release chronic muscular holding patterns. By using the mind's intention to move in the opposite direction of the habitual contraction, you can effectively release muscle tension. (See also: “Ideomotor Effect”).
Ignis fatuus: (Latin, Ignis meaning "fire" and fatuus meaning "foolish") A wide variety of pale spectral lights, sometimes seen at night over marshy ground, whose alleged purpose is either to herald death or to play tricks on travelers out alone at night. Latin, for "foolish fire" and is so named because anyone who follows such a light was once deemed to be foolish. Ignis Fatuus lights appears as a bluish flame, blue or yellow globes, and candle lights that float and bob mysteriously through the countryside or swamps at night. They appear around the world and are universal though out folklore. Various legends exist to explain the origins of such lights. The most popular is that it is the soul of a sinner or a murder victim.
See also: "Death Omens", corpse candles (Editors Note: The cause of this phenomena is not known but, it's existence is not in question. There are hundreds of scientifically verified reports of Ignis Fatuus documented and are often referred to as "ghostlights". Places where they appear regularly are popularly known as "Ghost Light Road", Ghost Light Bridge" etc.)
Ikiryoh: In Japanese folklore, a spirit that is born of evil thoughts and feelings harbored by a person. The Ikiryoh energized by hatred, becomes powerful enough to leave its' source and enter and possess the object of a persons hatred. Once inside, it kills the victim by slowly draining the persons energy. The Ikiryoh is extremely difficult to exorcise . Rites to drive it away include the reading of Buddhist Sutras (teachings).
Illusion: Parapsychologists use this word to indicate naturally occurring phenomena that can be mistaken as paranormal.
Imagery: The ability to perceive images in the mind. These may be visual, auditory, tactile, etc.
Imbas Forosnai: (From Irish imbas" meaning "great knowledge", "poetic talent", "inspiration"; and "forosnai" meaning "that illuminates") A special gift for prophetic knowledge or clairvoyance thought to be possessed by poets, especially the ollam as the highest rank of fili, in early Ireland. Descriptions of the ritual allowing the poet to exercise his imbas forosnai are found in the 10th-century Sanas Cormaic [Cormac's Glossary]. The poet chews a piece of the red flesh of a pig, dog, or cat, and then puts it on a flagstone near the door and chants an invocation over it to unnamed gods. He chants over his two palms and asks that his sleep not be disturbed, and then puts his two palms on his cheeks and sleeps. Men guard him that he may not be disturbed or turned over. At the end of three days and nights the poet may judge whether imbas forosnai has come to him. The amazonian Scáthach makes prophecies through imbas forosnai, and in the Táin Bó Cuailnge Medb asks Fedelm whether she has acquired it. Of all Irish figures, Fionn mac Cumhaill demonstrates imbas forosnai most consistently. St Patrick was thought to have abolished imbas forosnai as a denial of baptism, but a counterpart in Christian contexts was known as córus cerda [the gift of poetry]. This power appears to be a combination of fios [occult power] and teinm laída.
Imitative Fraud: Coined by W. Edward Cox to explain conscious control by imitating real poltergeist phenomena.
Imitative Noise: Perceived emulated noises such as moving chairs or breaking china but upon investigation no such damage or movement can be substantiated.
Immortality: Various beliefs based on the assumption that some aspect of personal existence survives death.
Incline Effect: An increase in performance on a psi test when the test is repeated. (See also: “Decline Effect“).
Incombustibility: A term used to describe a person who seems flame-retardant.
Incommunicable Axiom, The: Occultist Éliphas Lévi suggested that all magic was embodied in knowledge of this secret. The axiom was to be found enclosed in the four letters of the Tetragram arranged in a certain way; in the words Azoth and Inri written kabbalistically; and in the monogram of Christ embroidered in the labarum. Whoever succeeded in elucidating it became omnipotent in the practice of magic. Thus did Lévi deal with a Western occult interpretation of Jewish Kabbalah and Eastern teachings about the creative power of the Ineffable Name of God, Aum.
Incorporeal Personal Agency (IPA): A phrase used by psychical researcher Frederic W. H. Myers to describe a discarnate human consciousness.
Incorruptibility: Inexplicable lack of decay in a corpse. Some of the Catholic faith see this as a sign of sainthood.
Incubus: A spirit that attacks women sexually known to be a demonic entity this is the opposite of the scubas.
Indigo Children: Certain children born after the late 1970s that are believed to be a higher stage of evolution. They are typified by increased empathy, creativity and psychic abilities. However, they will not comply with authority figures and are always unconventional. Detractors are right when observing this New Age philosophy offers a more spiritual angle when it comes to the very real Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD), Autism and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
Indirect Voice: Mediumistic phenomenon in which the discarnate entity appears to speak using the vocal apparatus of the medium. Often the voice will sound very different from the medium's normal voice.
Induced After-death Communication (IADC): Images of the deceased produced through suggestion while a person is hypnotized.
Inedia: A term used to describe the amazing ability some Buddhist monks possess to live without food for prolong periods of time.
Infernal Court: Believed by many demonologists to be the current ruling demons of Hell. Johan Weyer (1515-88) and other demonologists knowledgeable in the lore of the infernal regions claimed to have discovered there princes and high dignitaries, ministers, ambassadors, and officers of state, whose names and occupations are listed as precisely as in any earthly census. Satan is no longer the sovereign of Hades but is leader of the opposition, the true leader being Beelzebub. According to Weyer, the demons number 7,405,926, commanded by 72 princes. The anonymous author of Le Cabinet du Roy de France (1581) amends these figures to 7,409,127 demons and 79 princes. Although demons are specifically named in many inspired catalogs and invoked by sorcerers from their grimoires, there is no real agreement on names and numbers, and in all these fantastic works it is not difficult to see that they represent a distorted reflection of social organization of the world of their time.
Infestation: Condition which occurs when evil spirits inhabit a location. Repeated and persistent paranormal phenomena. Infestation in a person is called possession.
Inkfish Effect: Also called the shyness factor; a term used to describe the frustrating tendency of paranormal phenomena to occur when the attention of investigators and their equipment is elsewhere. Poltergeist phenomenon, for instance, seems to always occur as soon as an investigator leaves a room.
Intelligent Haunting - Paranormal activity that takes place around a person or location that is caused by an intelligent or conscious spirit. (See also: “Haunting“)
Instrumental Transcommunication (ITC): Anomalous phenomena through electronic devices such as telephones, televisions, cameras, camcorders, audio recorders, etc. that are allegedly evidence of spiritual activity.
Intersubjective Phenomena: Experienced by more than one individual independently.
Interpenetration of Matter: Also matter passing through matter; an event where solid objects seem to pass through walls, doors, panes of glass, etc.
Intra-mediumistic: Information that could have only been obtained through a medium actually in contact with a deceased individual, not by ESP.
Intrasomatic Hypothesis: An idea published by Karlis Osis and Donna McCormick that states that the soul doesn’t actually leave the body during a so-called out-of-body experience, but that the information is gained via extrasensory perception.
Intuition: To know something without reasoning. Somewhat ill-defined term referring to the faculty of coming to an idea directly, by means other than those of reasoning and intellect, and indeed often outside of all conscious processes; the source of these messages is often said to be in the normal, mundane, unconscious, but it is often also said to be the result of mystical or paranormal processes. The word sometimes refers to the process, sometimes to the product of intuition. [From the Latin intueri, “to look at, contemplate”]
Invocation: Words, chants or other actions intended to summon benevolent spiritual beings.
Iolo Morganwg: Pseudonym of Edward Williams (1747–1826), Welsh poet, antiquarian, and founder of neo-druidism. Best remembered for having launched the cultural society gorsedd, or Gorsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain [the Throne/Assembly of the Bards of the Isle of Britain], in 1792, Iolo remains a controversial figure. While thousands still devoutly practise neo-druidism, marching around the decidedly non-Celtic megaliths at Stonehenge, informed opinion has long since portrayed his antiquarianism as Iolo's own invention. He is the counterpart of the Scottish ‘translator’ James Macpherson and the Breton revivalist Hesart de La Villemarqué. A stonemason by trade, Iolo was deeply influenced both by late 18th-century antiquarianism and by the political radicalism attractive to many intellectuals following the French Revolution; he called himself ‘the Bard of Liberty’. Critics have pointed out that he also had a lifelong addiction to the drug laudanum. Among his many publications were poems purportedly by the 14th-century Dafydd ap Gwilym, which have since been proved to be his own.
Itsumaden: 以津真天 (いつまで/いつまでん) (Japanese Folklore) Spectral vulture like creatures who turn up around the unburied corpses of those who have fallen in war or from hunger and call out the curse "itsumade itsumade" (how long,how long?), by which they mean "how long will this body be neglected?". They either have a human or demonic face, and the body of a serpent or dragon. With sharpen teeth and claws, they are over 5 meters long.
Ittan Momen: (Japanese Folklore) A spirit resembling a strip of white cloth approximately 10 meters long. It may be dangerous to humans if it becomes startled or if it has an evil spirit. It attacks it's victims by wrapping itself around the head and crushing the skull or smothering it's victim. They're not all bad, though- Ittan momen enjoy being worn by people who have gained their trust, although how, exactly, one gains the trust of a giant strip of cloth is a mystery.