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F

 
“F”
 
Fafnir: (Norse) Fafnir was the son of Hreidmar (the farmer-magician who had received the cursed ring Andvarinaut from Loki). With his brother Regin, Fafnir slew his father to get the ring and the rest of the treasure; his monstrous greed turned him into a dragon so he could guard the hoard. He was eventually slain by Sigurd (Siegfried), who took the ring with disastrous results to himself.
 
Fairy: Small, human-like mythical being. May be benevolent or malevolent.

Faith Healing: Healing that is associated with prayer or belief in Divine power.

Fakir n : is the word used to describe either a Muslim religious mendicant or a Hindu ascetic or religious mendicant, particularly one who performs feats of endurance or magic. Fakirs are often associated with performing feats of magic such as 'the Indian rope trick' or charming dangerous snakes using musical instruments. (See also: Fakir Magic”).

Fakir Magic : is the type of magic associated with Indian Fakirs. Some of the more well known feats performed by these fakirs include: charming deadly snakes in large baskets with musical instruments, lying near-naked on a bed of sharp nails without incurring any injuries, Levitation and the infamous Indian rope trick.

Fallen Host: These are said to be angels that have fallen from Gods grace, they have been mentioned in biblical scriptures to serve as a warning of what the wrath of God can bring.

False Arrival Apparition: This is when a person hears and sometimes sees another person arrive, this can happen from half and hour to an hour before the person actually arrives.

False Awakening: A phenomenon whereby a person believes they have woken up but they are still dreaming.

False Memory Syndrome: Things a person thinks he or she recalls but, may in fact be distorted by external suggestion, mismatched fragments of things that did happen, and maybe even debris from the collective subconscious. Similar to mistaken identity but, differing in that it refers to an incident rather than a person. In Legal Cases, it is taken into account that a witness may sometimes feel certain that they saw something or were somewhere when, in fact, there is no possible way they could have. False Memories are commonly reported by some UFO contactees.

Falsidical: Parapsychologists use this to indicate a false or mistaken statement or experience.

Familiars: Minor demons who, at Satan's command, become the servants of a human wizard or witch. It is one of the distinctive features of English witchcraft that these spirits were very often thought to take the form of small animals, such as would be found around farms and homes; some witches claimed to have received them directly from the Devil, others from a relative or friend. One account of 1510 concerns a schoolmaster at Knaresborough (Yorkshire), who allegedly kept three spirits in the form of bumble bees and let them draw blood from his finger; he was attempting to locate treasure by magic. According to a pamphlet of 1566, two women on trial at Chelmsford (Essex), had successively owned a white spotted cat named ‘Satan’; in return for a drop of blood, it had brought them possessions and caused people who had offended them to fall sick and die. The first woman had been given ‘Satan’ by her grandmother when she was 12 years old, with instructions to feed him on bread and milk and keep him in a basket— unusual luxury, probably, for an Elizabethan cat. In such cases, there seems no reason to doubt that the animals described did actually exist, and became the subject of gossip and suspicion. Many other references can be found; there were said to be familiars in the forms of cats, dogs, toads, mice, rabbits, flies, or grotesque creatures of no known species. They were commonly called ‘imps’, a word which combined the meanings of ‘child’ and ‘small devil’. They were thought to suck blood or milk from the witch, causing growths on her face or body which looked like nipples; by the 17th century these were generally thought to be near the genitals or anus. In rural tales and beliefs of later centuries, mice and toads are the familiars most commonly mentioned. Supposedly the witch sent them to bring misfortune on her enemies; in Somerset tales, witches are quoted as threatening, ‘I'll toad 'ee!’ It was believed that a witch could not die before passing them on to someone else, thus transferring both her power and her guilt. In anecdotes from Sussex and Essex in the 1930s, people alleged that mice had appeared at the deathbed of some local wizard or witch of a previous generation, who persuaded a reluctant relative to ‘inherit’ them. At West Wickham (Cambridgeshire) it was said that in the 1920s a witch tried to rid herself of her imps by putting them in the oven, but it was she, not they, who got burned; eventually they were buried with her.

Fantacy Proneness: A personality construct first described by Sheryl Wilson and Theodore Barber (1983, p. 340) to refer to a small percentage of the population “who fantasize a large part of the time, [and] who typically ‘see,’ ‘hear,’ ‘smell,’ ‘touch’ and fully experience what they fantasize”; such persons tend to be able to hallucinate voluntarily, to be excellent hypnotic subjects, to have vivid memories of their life experiences, and to report experiencing parapsychological phenomena.

Faraday Cage: A wire mesh enclosure that provides a shield to radio waves.

Fata Morgana: A fast changing and very complex superior mirage, with alternations of compressed and stretched zones, and erect and inverted images. Fata Morgana is most common in polar regions, especially over large sheets of ice with a uniform low temperature, but it can be observed almost anywhere. While in polar regions Fata Morgana is observed on cold days, in deserts and over oceans and lakes Fata Morgana is observed on hot days. For a Fata Morgana, temperature inversion has to be strong enough that light rays' curvatures within the inversion are stronger than the curvature of the EarthThe term comes from the Italian translation of Morgan le Fay, the fairy shapeshifting half-sister of King Arthur.

Fear Gorta: (Irish mythology) (Irish: Man of hunger / Man of famine; also known as the fear gortach) is a phantom of hunger resembling an emaciated human. According to Yeats' Fairy and Folk Tales of the Irish Peasantry the fear gorta walks the earth during times of famine, seeking alms from passers-by. In this version the fear gorta can be a potential source of good luck for generous individuals. Harvey relates a myth that the fear gorta was a harbinger of famine during the Great Irish Famine of the 1840s, and that the spirit originally arises from a patch of hungry grass (féar gortach).
 
Fearsome Critters: A collective term coined in early lumberjack folklore to describe a variety of mythical beasts that were said 'to inhabit' the frontier wilderness of Anglo-America. Most of the fearsome critters Most of the fearsome critters were inventions of oral tradition, either as a jest for teasing newcomers and gullible cityfolk or as sheer entertainment in tall tales. Some of them, such as the Hidebehind, were derived from Algonquian legends. A few turned out to be based on descriptions of actual creatures: the Glutton, for example, is now recognized as a description of the wolverine, while the Fisher-Cat was a description of a type of marten.
 
Fir Bolg: (Fir Bholg, Firbolg) [Irish mythology] One of the races that inhabited the island of Ireland prior to the arrival of the Tuatha Dé Danann. The origin of their name is the subject of some dispute. Many commentators consider them the "men of Builg" or "men of bags", or possibly "men with spears", from bolg meaning spear or by comparison with the modern Irish word bolg meaning 'belly' (and originally meaning 'bag'). Alternatively they may be related to the Belgae tribe, whose name meant the "shining ones" (from Proto-Celtic *belo, meaning "bright"). In Early Irish, "boillsg" meant gleam; from Proto-Celtic *bolg-s-cio-; related to Latin "fulgeo", shine, English "effulgent", Lithuanian "blizgù" and even Russian "byela" (white). The Fir Bolg were smaller in stature than the Tuatha Dé Danann and are believed to have been gold workers. One theory is that the this is the origin of the Irish myth of the Leprechaun, a small faerie type creature. The myth says that every leprechaun has a crock of gold which the successful captor of the leprechaun *gets to keep. Many theories have been advanced about the origin of the Fir Bolg. Some scholars have related the name of a Celtic god with the word Bolg. The Fir Bolg, according to one legend, were involved in carrying bags of earth at one point in their history, hence the "Men of Bags" interpretation. Others speculate that "Bolg" relates to a word for small boats. One interpretation which has gained ground is drawn from the recorded histories. The Fir Bolg, according to this theory, were largely conquered by the Gaels, and thus, as a lower class in society, would have had different customs befitting a lower social status. In particular, this theory holds that "Fir Bolg" is a corruption of a term for "Breeches-Wearers", reasoning that, as manual laborers, the Fir Bolg would have found it useful to wear trousers rather than the robes and garb of the Gaels. This theory, however, remains largely speculative, and there is little hard evidence to confirm this interpretation.

Fire Walking: Walking on red-hot coals, without pain or damage to the feet.

Fishing: A procedure used by fraudulent psychics and mediums where they ask subtle but leading questions.
 
Floral Scents: The most commonly reported odor associated with spirits is the smell of fresh flowers. Rose, lilac, and jasmine, three distinctly different aromas, are attributed to the ghosts of those who have recently passed. Sometimes a floral scent can be connected to a loved one with a particular fondness for a certain flower instead of someone who just crossed over.

Flying Saucer: A term, coined in 1947, to refer to unknown disk-like aerial objects, often believed to be extraterrestrial spacecraft. (“They‘re moving like saucers skipped across the surface of a pond“). The term has now been largely superseded by "UFO".
Focal Person: A person who is at the centre of paranormal activity, often the focus of a poltergeist.

Focus: Spiritualists who believe poltergeist phenomena are actual spirit communications use this to designate a natural medium whose latent psychokinetic talents are exploited by the earthbound entity.

Folk religion: A set of faiths consisting of ethnic or regional religious customs under the umbrella of an organized religion, but outside of official doctrine and practices. Don Yoder has defined "folk religion" as "the totality of all those views and practices of religion that exist among the people apart from and alongside the strictly theological and liturgical forms of the official religion."
Folk religion includes the syncretic blending of indigenous religion with organized religion.
Folk Christianity, Folk Hinduism, and Folk Islam are examples of folk religion associated with major religions.
There is sometimes tension between the practice of folk religion and the formally taught doctrines and teachings of a faith.[citation needed] In other cases, practices that originated in folk religion are adopted as part of the official religion.
The term is also used, especially by the clergy of the faiths involved, to describe the desire of people who otherwise infrequently attend religious worship, do not belong to a church or similar religious society, and who have not made a formal profession of faith in a particular creed, to have religious weddings or funerals, or (among Christians) to have their children baptized.
 
Foo Fighter: A term used by Allied aircraft pilots in World War II to describe various UFOs or mysterious aerial phenomena seen in the skies over both the European and Pacific Theater of Operations. Though "foo fighter" initially described a type of UFO reported and named by the U.S. 415th Night Fighter Squadron, the term was also commonly used to mean any UFO sighting from that period. During the air war over Europe, both sides attributed "Foo Fighter" phenomenon to being secret weapons developed by the other side. After the war ended in 1945, many pilots on both sides of the conflict were amazed to find that their former foes were just as mystified by the mysterious anomalies as they had been.

Forced-choice Experiment: A test where the subject must chose from a small number of choices.
 
Fomorians, The: (Irish mythology) (Also: "Fomors", or "Fomori" (Irish Fomóiri, Fomóraig) A semi-divine race who inhabited Ireland in ancient times. They may have once been believed to be the beings who preceded the gods, similar to the Greek Titans. It has been suggested that they represent the gods of chaos and wild nature, as opposed to the Tuatha Dé Danann who represent the gods of human civilization. Alternatively, they may represent the gods of a proposed pre-Goidelic population of Ireland. According to the ancient accounts in the Lebor Gabala Erenn the tribes of the Nemedians, Fir-Bolg, and Tuatha Dé all spoke the same tongue and were supposed to be descended from the same family. The Fomorians were a completely separate race with separate language and customs. Although they do intermarry with the Tuatha De Danann in many stories. Neit, a war god, is an ancestor of both. The word fomóire is believed to derive from Old Irish fo muire (Modern Irish faoi muire), "under the sea". This, combined with their association with glass towers in the western ocean, suggests a connection with icebergs. However the mór element may derive from a word meaning "terror", whose Anglo-Saxon cognate "maere" survives in English "nightmare", but not in "morbid" which instead comes from the latin, all from the Proto-Indo European word *mor : "to rub, pound, wear away". However, Mac Bain holds that there are phonetic inconsistencies with both these theories that would prevent derivation of the long ó in the morpheme "-mór" from "muire, mora" ("sea") or from "mor, mar" (terror, death). His educated opinion leaves the conclusions of Zimmer fomóiri > fo-mór "sub-magnus" (giants, small? giants, nearly? giants, huge people?). In later times any settled pirates or sea-borne raiders were labeled Fomorians and the original meaning of the word became overlooked. They are sometimes said to to have one eye, one arm and one leg , according to an 11th century text in Lebor na hUidre (the Book of the Dun Cow), or have had the body of a man and the head of a goat, but some, for example Elatha, the father of Bres, was described as having 'golden-hair and being the handsomest man in sight'. Bres himself, for example, carries the epithet "the Beautiful." In ancient times a curse was always pronounced on someone using this one-eyed, one armed, one legged stance as it was deemed to have great magical power, Lugh uses this method to cast a curse at his enemies in the Second Battle of Magh Tuiredh.

Fortean Phenomena: Strange phenomena, especially those which challenge conventional scientific knowledge. Named after the American researcher and writer Charles Fort. Fortean phenomena include those generally considered paranormal, but also bizarre non-paranormal events such as monsters and prodigies, extraordinary coincidences, and unusual rains.

Fortune Telling: Various practices which aim to divine future events.
 
Fragarach: (Irish mythology) Known as 'The Answerer' or 'The Retaliator', was the sword of Manannan mac Lir and Lugh Lamfada. Forged by the gods, Manannan wielded it as his weapon before passing it on to Lugh (his foster son). It was given to Cúchulainn by Lugh, and later to Conn of the Hundred Battles. It was said that no one could tell a lie with Fragarach at his or her throat, thus the name 'Answerer'. It was also said to place the wind at the user's command and could cut through any shield or wall.

Free Response Test: Method of testing clairvoyance where subjects are welcome to draw any impression from a huge number of possible targets has many times come under fire, since it is quite possible for any abstract drawing to be considered a hit to any number of particular pieces.
 
Fylgia: (Old Norse) A personal totem or protective spirit, similar to a guardian angel. According to Norse mythology, when humanity was created, the fate Urd gives every human a being called Fylgia at birth which is to follow his/her throughout his/her life. Also called a "Fetch" in Anglo/Saxon.
 
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