Fungi

No recorded - 27

Basidiomycetes                        

Agaricaceae                                                               Agaricus aff. augustus?  a mushroom                                                    

Amanitaceae

Amanita muscaria*  mycorrhizal on pine, not native

Polyporaceae

Amauroderma rude   rooting shank        

Polyporus arcularius

Pycnoporus coccineus                         

Trametes aff. lilacino-gilva                                                                             

Trametes versicolor                                                            

Trametes hirsuta                                  

Tricholomataceae

Anthracophyllum archeri                                                                                   

Phallaceae

Aseroe rubra                                                                

Coprinaceae

Coprinus aff. plicatilis   inkcap              

Coprinus micaceus  

Coprinus comatus                                                          

Psathyrella candolleana                       

Cortinariaceae      

Gymnopilus purpuratus                                                                                                                                                 

Schizoporaceae

Hyphodontia australis                                                                                        

Strophariaceae

Hypholoma fasciculare                                                                                   

Tricholomataceae

Micromphale mirramirildinum                                                                             

Mycena viscido-cruenta

Schizophyllum commune                                                                                             

Oudemansiella radicata                                                                                   

Geastraceae  

Geastrum minus                                                          

Stereaceae

Stereum ostrea                                                                  

                                                 

Tremellomycetes  (jelly fungi)                              

Pseudohydnum gelatinosum                                                                                  

Tremella fuciformis             

Tremella aff. mesenterica                                                                       


                   Myxomycetes    

These are the slime moulds - no longer classified with the fungi, but included here for convenience.

Physaraceae

Fuligo septica    Dog vomit               

   

Most organisms in the Kingdom Fungi are microscopic organisms that have not been recorded from our site, even though representatives of all 9 sub-kingdoms are likely to be present.

The most obvious fungi are those that produce spectacular spore-producing structures. These are the mushrooms and toadstools of the forest. However, there are many others that rarely, if ever, produce such structures, even though they belong to the same taxonomic group Dikarya. They, like the fungus shown below in the root hair of Christmas orchid, are best studied using microscopes and laboratory culture conditions.

However, members of the sub-kingdom Dikarya often produce large spore-producing structures that are the familiar "mushrooms and toadstools". 

Dikarya are divided into two phyla:
  • Phylum Ascomycota, of which none has so far been formally recorded, although several are present
  • Phylum Basidiomycota, to which all the species which we have so far recorded belong. 






















This photomicrograph, taken by Liz Kabanoff at the University of Western Sydney, shows fungal hyphae inside a root hair of a Christmas orchid Calanthe australasica from the Ourimbah Creek catchment. 

All orchids seem to live in symbiosis with fungi that live within their roots and sometimes other tissues. In many cases, orchid seed will not germinate naturally unless it is first invaded by a fungus. In fact, the orchid needs the fungus as much as the fungus needs the orchid for a home.

Some at least of these fungi are related to ones that produce the fruiting bodies that we see every rainy autumn. However, particular ones have either lost the ability to produce fruiting bodies, or they produce them only rarely and in special circumstances.

See our fungus photo page for more pictures.