資料說明‎ > ‎詞典 & 語文‎ > ‎

English-Pali Dictionary[英巴詞典O--Z]


 English-Pali Dictionary
by Metta Net, Sri Lanka
   

 
     

- O -

o : (intj.) he; bho; ambho; (joy and surprise) aho; handa; (sorrow) hā; ahaha.

oaf : (m.) virūpadāraka.

oafish : (adj.) mandapañña; dandha.

oak : (m.) sindūrarukkha.

oar : (f.) nāvāpājanī. (m.) keṇipāta. (v.t.) arittena pājeti. (pp.) keṇipājita.

oarsman : (m.) arittadhārī.

oasis : (f.) kantāra-khemabhūmi.

oat : (m.) dhaññavisesa.

oath : (m.) sapatha. (nt.) abhisapana.

obduracy : (nt.) dubbacatta; anassavatta.

obdurate : (adj.) dubbaca; anassava; kaṭhinahadaya.

obdurately : (adv.) dubbacākārena.

obedience : (nt.) sovacassa; subbacatta. (f.) sussūsā.

obedient : (adj.) assava; subbaca; vidheyya; vacanakara.

obediently : (adv.) suvacatāya; assavākārena.

obeisance : (m.) paṇāma; namakkāra. (f.) abhivādanā.

obelisk : (m.) sūcisaṇṭhānathambha.

obelize : (v.t.) sūcitthambhena aṅketi. (pp.) sūcitthambhena aṅkita.

obese : (adj.) pīṇa; pīvara; thūla.

obey : (v.t.i.) anuvattati; sussūsati. (pp.) anuvattita.

obfuscate : (v.t.) andhayati; moheti; timirāvutaṃ karoti. (pp.) andhita; mohita; timirāvutaṃ kata.

obfuscation : (nt.) andhīkaraṇa.

obit : (m.) maraṇānussaraṇussava.

obituary : (nt.) maraṇanivedana; matakicca.

object : (nt.) vatthu; gocaravatthu. (m.) visaya; gocara; attha; adhippāya; manoratha. (nt.) phala; (in gram, nt.) kamma. (m.) upayogattha. (v.t.) bādheti; khaṇḍeti. (pp.) bādhita; khaṇḍita. (v.i.) virujjhati. (pp.) viruddha.

objectify : (v.t.) visayabhāvaṃ or indriyagocarattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) visayabhāvaṃ or indriyagocarattaṃ pāpita.

objection : (m.) virodha.

objectionable : (adj.) nisedhetabba; vajjanīya; virodhāraha; sāvajja.

objective : (adj.) kammavācaka; bāhira; padatthanissita.

objectively : (adv.) bāhirākārena.

objectiveness : (nt.) bāhiratta.

objuration : (nt.) sapathakaraṇa.

objurgate : (v.t.) nindati; paribhavati; tajjeti. (pp.) nindita; paribhūta; tajjita.

objurgation : (nt.) tajjana; paribhāsana.

objurgatory : (adj.) tajjakasabhāva.

oblate : (m.) samayānuvattī; saddhapuggala. (adj.) koṇa-samatalākāra.

oblation : (nt.) homa; havya; balikamma.

obligation : (f.) yuttibaddhatā.

obligatory : (adj.) āvassaka; aparihāriya.

oblige : (v.t.) vase vatteti; anuggaṇhāti; niyojeti. (pp.) vase vattita; anuggahita; niyojita.

obligee : (m.) anugahita; paṭiññāgāhī.

obligingly : (adv.) kataññutāpubbaṅgamaṃ.

obligor : (m.) paṭiññādāyī.

oblique : (adj.) passaninna; anuju; visama; vaṅka.

obliquely : (adv.) visamaṃ; tiro.

obliqueness : (nt.) kuṭilatta; visamatta.

obliquity : (nt.) kuṭilatta; visamatta.

obliterate : (v.t.) lopeti; aprmajjati. (pp.) lutta; apamaṭṭha.

obliteration : (m.) lopa. (nt.) apamajjana.

oblivion : (nt.) vissaraṇa. (m.) satisammosa.

oblivious : (adj.) pamussanasīla.

oblong : (adj.) āyatacaturassa.

obloquy : (f.) garahā. (m.) apavāda.

obmutescence : (m.) acala-tuṇhībhāva.

obnoxious : (adj.) kucchita; gārayha; nindiya.

obnoxiously : (adv.) kucchitākārena.

obnoxiousness : (nt.) nindiyatta.

obscene : (adj.) gamma; nīca; anariya; asabbha.

obscene language : (nt.) duṭṭhulla.

obscenely : (adv.) asabbhākārena.

obsceneness : (nt.) gammatta.

obscurant : (m.) vivecanavirodhī; avīmaṃsākāmī.

obscurantism : (nt.) avivecakatta. (m.) vīmaṃsāvirodha.

obscuration : (nt.) āvaraṇa; malinīkaraṇa.

obscure : (nt.) apākaṭavatthu. (adj.) apākaṭa; anuttāna; malina; nippabha; dubbodha; gūḷhattha. (v.t.) āvarati; chādeti; avisadīkaroti. (pp.) āvaṭa; chādita or chnna. avisadīkata.

obscure passage : (nt.) gaṇṭhiṭṭhāna.

obscurely : (adv.) gūḷhaṃ; apākaṭaṃ.

obscureness : (nt.) apākaṭatta; avisadatta; gūḷhatta.

obscurity : (nt.) apākaṭatta; avisadatta; gūḷhatta.

obsecration : (f.) balavāyācanā.

obsequial : (adj.) matakiccāyatta.

obsequies : (nt.) petakicca.

obsequious : (adj.) atidīna; accantavasānuvattī.

obsequiously : (adv.) atidīnatāya; cāṭukamyatāya.

obsequiousness : (nt.) accantānuvattana.

observable : (adj.) diṭṭhigocara; paṭipajjitabba.

observance : (nt.) rakkhaṇa; ācaraṇa. (f.) paṭipatti.

observant : (m.) nirikkhaka; sāvadhāna; saṃrakkhaka.

observation : (nt.) avekkhaṇa; vacana; vākya.

observatory : (nt.) ākāsavatthuparikkhaṇaṭṭhāna.

observe : (v.t.) passati; oloketi; rakkhati; ācarati; paṭipajjati; vadati. (pp.) diṭṭha; olokita; ācarita; paṭipanna; vutta.

observe a fast : uposatham upavasati.

observe silence : monam ācarati.

observer : (m.) anupassī; rakkhitu.

observingly : (adv.) appamattākāren; samekkhāya.

obsess : (v.t.) pīḷeti; āvisati. (pp.) pīḷita; āviṭṭha.

obsesses : (nt.) pīṇatta; thūlatta.

obsession : (nt.) pīḷana; āvisana. (m.) amanussagāha.

obsolescent : (adj.) abhāvagāmī; gatabbaya.

obsolete : (adj.) gatavohāra; appacāriyamāna.

obsoleteness : (nt.) gatavohāratta. (m.) appacāra.

obstacle : (m.) paripantha; palibodha. (f.) bādhā. (nt.) nīvaraṇa.

obstetric : (adj.) pasūtivisayaka. (plu.; f.) pasūtivijjā.

obstetrician : (f.) pasūtisādhikā.

obstinacy : (nt.) dovacassa; anassavatta.

obstinate : (adj.) dubbaca; anassava; dubbinīta.

obstinately : (adv.) dubbacākārena.

obstipation : (m.) adhika-malabandha.

obstreperous : (adj.) duniggayha; ugghosansīla.

obstreperously : (adv.) saghosaṃ; uccāsaddhena.

obstreperousness : (nt.) mukharatta; uddāmatta.

obstruct : (v.t.) bādheti; vāreti; rodheti; nivāreti; āvarati; (pp.) bādhita; vārita; rodhita; āvaṭa.

obstructing : (adj.) bādhaka; nivāraka.

obstruction : (nt.) bādhana; vāraṇa; rundhana.

obstructionist : (m.) bādhākara; antarāyakārī.

obstructive : (adj.) bādhaka; pīḷaka; pāripanthika.

obstructively : (adv.) bādhakākārena.

obstructiveness : (nt.) bādhakākārena.

obtain : (v.t.) labhati; adhigacchati; pappoti. (pp.) laddha; adigata; patta || difficult to obtain: (adj.) dullabha.

obtainable : (adj.) laddhabba; adhigamanīya.

obtainment : (m.) paṭilābha; adhigama.

obtest : (v.t.) virodhaṃ pakāseti; sakkhiṃ avheti. (pp.) pakāsitavirodha; avhitasakkhī.

obtestion : (f.) āyācanā.

obtrude : (v.i.) balena pavisati. (v.i.) ayācito anusāsati. (pp.) palena paviṭṭha; ayācito anusiṭṭha.

obtruncate : (v.t.) matthakaṃ chindati. (pp.) chinnamatthaka.

obtrusion : (m.) anāhūtappavesa.

obtrusive : (adj.) balena pavisanalīla.

obtrusively : (adv.) āyācanaṃ vinā.

obtund : (v.t.) kuṇṭheti; balaṃ hāpeti. (pp.) kuṇṭita; hāpitabala.

obturate : (v.t.) chiddaṃ pidahati. (pp.) pihitachindda.

obturation : (nt.) chiddapidahana.

obtuse : (adj.) jaḷa; mūḷha; kuṇṭha; atikhiṇa.

obtusely : (adv.) kuṇṭhākārena.

obtuseness : (nt.) kuṇṭhatta.

obverse : (nt.) mukhapassa; abhimukha. (m.) viruddhapakkha. (adj.) itarapassika; paṭilomika.

obvert : (v.t.) abhimukhīkaroti. (pp.) abhimukhīkata.

obviate : (v.t.) apaneti; apaharati; abhibhavati. (pp.) apanīta; apahaṭa; abhibhūta.

obviation : (nt.) apaharaṇa.

obvious : (adj.) pākaṭa; vyatta; suvisada; sugama.

obviously : (adv.) supākaṭaṃ; suvisadaṃ.

obviousness : (nt.) pākaṭatta; sugamatta.

occasion : (f.) avatthā. (m.) samaya; avasara; vāra. (v.t.) samuṭṭhāpeti; janeti. (pp.) samuṭṭhāpita; janita.

occasional : (adj.) pāsaṅhika; āgantuka; aniyata.

occasionally : (adv.) antarantarā; kālena kālaṃ.

occasioning : (adj.) samuṭṭhāpaka.

occident : (m.) pacchimadesa.

occidental : (adj.) pacchimadesīya; apānīna.

occidentalize : (v.t.) apācīnattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) apācīnattaṃ pāpita.

occiput : (m.) sīsapacchābhāga.

occlude : (v.t.) paṭicchādeti; paṭicchādita.

occlusion : (nt.) pidahana; chādana.

occult : (adj.) gūḷha; duviññeyya; rāhassaka. (v.t.) tirokaroti. (v.i.) tirobhavati. (pp.) tirokata; tirobhūta.

occultion : (nt.) tirokaraṇa.

occultism : (f.) gūḷhavijjā.

occultist : (m.) gūḷhavijjāvidū.

occupancy : (m.) pariggaha. (f.) adhivāsitā.

occupant : (m.) pariggāhaka; adhivāsī.

occupation : (m.) jīvanopāya; vyāpāra.

occupied : (adj.) vyāvaṭa; payutta.

occupier : (m.) sāmī; adhikārī.

occupy : (v.t.) pariggaṇhāti; adhivasati; adhigaṇhāti; abhiyuñjati. (pp.) pariggahita; adhivuttha; adhiggahita; abhiyutta.

occur : (v.i.) bhavati; sijjhati; khāyati; paṭibhāti. (pp.) bhūta; siddha; khāyita.

occurrence : (f.) siddhi.

ocean : (m.) samudda; sāgara; sindhu; udadhi; jalanidhi; aññava.

oceanic : (adj.) sāmuddika.

oceanography : (f.) samuddavaṇṇanā.

oceanology : (f.) samuddavijjā.

ocellus : (nt.) makkhikālocana; vaṇṇabindu.

ochlocracy : (nt.) dāmarikapālana.

ochre : (nt.) geruka.

octachord : (adj.) aṭṭhatantika.

octad : (nt.) aṭṭhaka.

octagon : (nt.) aṭṭhakoṇakavatthu.

octagonal : (adj.) aṭṭhaṃsika.

octant : (m.) cakkassa aṭṭhamabhāga.

octave : (nt.) aṭṭhaka. (m.) saraggāma. (f.) aṭṭhapadikagāthā.

octavo : (adj.) aṭṭhapattika.

octennial : (adj.) aṭṭhavassika.

octingentenary : (m.) aṭṭhasatavassikussava.

October : (m.) assayuja.

octodecimo : (m.) aṭṭhārasapaṇṇaka - (potthaka).

octogenarian : (m.) asītivassika.

octopod : (m.) aṭṭhapadikapāṇī.

octopus : (m.) aṭṭhahatthakapāṇī.

octori : (m.) nagarasuṅka.

octosyllabic : (adj.) aṭṭhasarayutta.

octuple : (adj.) aṭṭhaguṇa; aṭṭhavidha.

ocular : (adj.) cakkhuvisayaka; paccakkha.

ocularly : (adv.) paccakkhaṃ.

oculist : (m.) akkhivajja; nayanatikicchaka.

odalisque : (f.) antepuradāsī.

odd : (f.) atiritta (-visama-) saṅkhyā. (adj.) visama; asaṅgata; vikaṭa.

oddity : (n.) vesamma; vikaṭatta; asāmaññalakkhaṇa.

oddly : (adv.) visamākārena.

oddness : (n.) vesamma; vikaṭatta; asāmaññalakkhaṇa.

odds : (f.; plu.) visadisatā. (m.) tulanātireka.

ode : (nt.) gīta. (m.) pajjabandha.

odious : (adj.) kucchita; dessiya; garahita; appiya.

odiously : (adv.) dessiyākārena; kucchitākārena.

odiousness : (nt.) gārayhatta.

odium : (nt.) viddesa. (m.) appiyatta.

odontalgia : (f.) dantarujā.

odorous : (adj.) sugandhī; surabhigandhika.

odorously : (adv.) sugandhasahitaṃ.

odour : (m.) gandha.

odourless : (adj.) gandharahita.

oecumenical : (adj.) sabbasādhāraṇa.

oedema : (m.) sapubba-sopha.

oedematous : (m.) uddhumāta.

oesophagus : (m.) galanāḷa.

oestrum : (f.) 1. piṅgalamakkhikā; 2. unnatāsā.

of : (prep.) addhikicca; uddissa.

of great learning : bahussuta.

of no avail : (adj.) nipphala; niratthaka.

of old : (adv.) purā.

of the same age : (adj.) samvayaṭṭha.

of-late : acirātita.

off : (adv.) dūre; dūrato. (intj.) apehi. (adj.) dūravattī; dūraṭṭha.

offal : (nt.) ucciṭṭhabhojana; chaḍḍanīyavatthu.

offday : (m.) vissamanadivasa.

offence : (nt.) vajja. (m.) dosa; āparadha. (nt.) āsādana; virodha. (m.) kopa; rosa.

offenceless : (adj.) niddosa.

offend : (v.t.) apasādeti; āsādeti; aparajjhati. (v.i.) padussati. (pp.) apasādita; aparādha; paduṭṭha.

offender : (m.) āsādaka; pakopaka.

offensive : (f.) viruddhakriyā. (m.) virodha. (adj.) kopajanaka; virodhupādaka; appiya; pīḷākara.

offensively : (adv.) appiyākārena; viruddhākārena.

offensiveness : (nt.) pīḷājanakatta; appiyatta; sadosatta.

offer : (nt.; m.) abhihāra; upanikkhepa. (f.) paṭiññā. 2. āgghaniyamana. (v.t.) appeti; upanāmeti; abhiharati. (pp.) appita; upanāmita; abhihāṭa.

offer-opposition : paṭivirujjhati.

offer-violence : pahārṃ deti.

offerer : (m.) abhihāraka; upanetu.

offering : (f.) pūjā. (m.) uphāra. (nt.) yajana; upanayana.

offertory : (nt.) (sāmayika-) chandaka-saṃhāraṇa.

offhand : (adv.) sukhena.

office : (nt.) 1. kicca; kāriya. 2. ṭhānantara; pada. (m.) adhikāra. (m.) 3. kiccālaya.

officebearer : (m.) ṭhānantarika.

officer : (m.) padaṭṭha; dhurandhara; adhikārī.

official : (m.) rājapurisa. (adj.) rajjkiccāyatta.

officialdom : (m.) adhikārīgaṇa.

officially : (adv.) rajjakiccavasena.

officiate : (v.i.) adhikāre abhiyuñjati; dhurāyattakiccaṃ sampādeti. (pp.) adhikāre abhiyutta; dhurāyattakiccaṃ dampādhita.

officinal : (adj.) vikkeyyosadhāyatta.

officious : (adj.) adhikānuggahasīlī.

officiously : (adv.) adhikanugghakāmatāya.

offing : (nt.) samudde dissamānadūraṭṭhāna.

offish : (adj.) unnatikāma.

offlet : (nt.) niggamana.

offscourings : (nt.; plu.) kaccavara; dhotamala.

offset : (m.) ārambha. (f.) nikkhanta-sākhā. (pabbatādīnaṃ).

offshoot : (m.) pāroha; niggtakoṭṭhāsa; aṅkura. (f.) sākhā.

offspring : (f.) santati; pajā; paramaparā. (nt.) apacca; phala.

offtime : (m.) vissamanakāla.

oft : (adv.) askiṃ; abhiṇhaṃ; anekavāraṃ; anekadā.

often : (adv.) askiṃ; abhiṇhaṃ; anekavāraṃ; anekadā.

ogle : (v.i.) piyacakkhunā oloketi. (pp.) piyacakkhunā olokita.

ogre : (m.) rakkhasa; dānava.

ogress : (f.) rakkhasī.

oh : (intj.) bho; ambho; 2. (joy and surprise : ) aho; handa; 3. (sorrow : ) hā; ahaha.

oho : (intj.) vimhaye tuṭṭhiyā canipāto.

oil : (nt.) tela. (m.) sineha. (v.t.) telena makkheti; sinheti. (pp.) telena makkhita; sinehita.

oilcake : (m.) telapūva.

oilcloth : (nt.) sitthakavattha.

oiliness : (f.) telagatikatā.

oiling : (nt.) sinehan; abhaḷñhana.

oilman : (m.) telavaṇija.

oilmill : (nt.) telayanta.

oilpaint : (nt.) telacittkamma.

oily : (adj.) 1. satela; 2. upalālaka.

ointment : (nt.) vilepana; abbhañjana.

ola : (nt.) tālapaṇṇa.

old : 1. vudda; mahallaka; 2. purāṇa; jiṇṇa.

old age : (nt.) jarā. (f.) mahallakatta. (m.) vuddhavaya.

olden : purātana; cirantana.

older : vuddhatara; jiṇṇatara.

oldish : atikkantayobbana.

oldmaid : (f.) thullakumārī.

oldman : (m.) mahallka.

oldness : (nt.) jiṇṇatta; mahallakatta.

oldwoman : (f.) mahallikaā.

oleander : (m.) karavīra; assamāraka.

olfaction : (nt.) ghāyana.

olfactory : (nt.) ghāṇindriya. (adj.) ghāṇāyatta.

olibanum : (m.) turukkha.

olid : pūtigandhika.

oligarch : (m.) pālakasabhika.

oligarchy : (nt.) kuḍḍarajja; katipayapālana.

oliguria : (f.) mandamuttatā.

olio : (nt.) missita-bhojana.

olive : (m.) jitarukkha.

olive-green : haritapītaka.

ology : (f.) vijjā.

Olympiad : (m.) mahākīḷāsamaya.

Olympic : catuvassika-kīḷāyatta.

ombrology : (f.) meghavijjā.

omen : (nt.) nimitta; pubbanimitta || good omen: (nt.) subhanimitta.

ominous : (adj.) asubhasūcaka; avamaṅgala.

ominously : (adv.) avamaṅgalākārena.

omission : (nt.) hāpana; vajjana. (m.) pamādadosa.

omit : (v.t.) jahāti; vajjeti; cajati; parihapeti. (pp.) jahita; vajjita; catta; parihāpita.

omnibus : (m.) mahāratha. (adj.) bavhatthasādhaka.

omnifarious : (adj.) sabbākāra.

omnipotence : (f.) anantasatti.

omnipotent : (adj.) sabbabaladhara.

omnipresence : (f.) sabbavyāpitā.

omnipresent : (adj.) sabbavyāpī; sabbattha-vijjamāna.

omniscience : (n.) sabbaññūtā.

omniscient : (adj.) sabbaññū; sabbavidū.

omnium gatherum : (m.) sabbapakkhika-sannipāta.

omnivorous : (adj.) sabbabhakkha.

omophagic : (adj.) āmakamaṃsabhojī.

omphalos : (f.) nābhi.

on : (prep.; adv.) upari; matthake.

on all sides : (ind.) sabbato. (adv.) samantato.

on account of : (ind.) nissāya; sandhāya; hetunā.

on coming : (nt.) upagamana.

on his arrival : tasmiṃ āgate.

on looker : (m.) udikkhaka.

on that account : tato nidānaṃ; tannimittaṃ.

on the morrow : (ind.) suve.

on the same day : (ind.) tadahu.

onager : (m.) vanagadrabha.

onanism : (f.) ayathāsukkavissaṭṭhi.

once : (adv.) ekadā; ekavāraṃ; ekakkhattuṃ; sakiṃ.

once a week : (adv.) sattāhavārena; anusattāhaṃ.

once more : (adv.) puna pi.

once upon a time : atīte; pubbe; purā.

oncologist : (m.) sattā-vādī.

oncology : (f.) phoṭavijjā.

oncotomy : (nt.) gaṇḍaphālana.

ondontiasis : (nt.) dantakantana.

ondontology : (f.) dantavijjā.

one : (adj.) eka. (pron.) koci || in one way: (adv.) ekadhā.

one and half : (nt.) diyaḍḍha.

one after another : (adv.) anupaṭipāṭiyā.

one another : (adv.) aññamññaṃ.

one by one : (adv.) ekekaso. (adj.) ekaka.

one day : (adv.) ekadā.

one pointedness : (f.) ekaggatā. (m.) ekodibhāva.

one-eyed : (adj.) ekakkhika.

one-sided : (adj.) ekapassika; ekadesika.

oneirocritic : (m.) supinatthappakāsaka.

oneness : (nt.) ekatta. (m.) ekībhāva.

onerous : (adj.) bhāriya; durubbaha.

onerously : (adv.) bhariyākārena.

onerousness : (nt.) garutta.

oneself : (ind.) sayaṃ; sāmaṃ.

onfall : (nt.) abhibhavana; ajjhotthraṇa.

onion : (m.) palaṇḍu.

only : (adv.) kevalaṃ; eva. (adj.) kevala; ekākī; adutiya.

only for : yāvad'eva.

only once : sakid'eva.

onomatopoe : (m.) anukaraṇasadda.

onomatopoetic : (adj.) saddānukaraṇānugata.

onomatopoetically : (adv.) saddānugamanavasena.

onrush : (nt.) ādhāvana; pakkhanadana.

onset : (m.) abhisampāta. (nt.) ekkamana; pahāradāna.

onslaught : (m.) abhighāta. (nt.) sahasā; paharaṇa.

ontology : (f.) sattā-vimaṃsā.

onus : (m.) kiccabhāra; adhikāra.

onward : (adj.) abhimukhagāmī.

onwards : (adv.) agge; purato; abhimukhe.

onym : (f.) paribhāsā.

onymous : (adj.) visesanāmayutta.

onyx : (m.) kabaramaṇi.

oof : (nt.) rūpiya; mūla.

oofy : (adj.) dhanavantu.

oology : (f.) sakuṇaṇḍavijjā.

opine : (v.t.) ajjhāsayaṃ dhāreti; mataṃ pakāseti. (pp.) dhāritajjhāsayaṃ; pakāsitamata.

ooze : (m.) allkaddama; rajanavisesa. (nt.) sanditavatthu. (v.t.) paggharati; passandati. (pp.) paggharita; passandita.

ooziness : (nt.) sandamānatta.

oozy : (adj.) paggharaṇapakatika.

opacity : (f.) anacchatā; pabhāvinivijjhiyatā.

opal : (m.) upalamaṇi.

opaline : (adj.) upalasadisa.

opaque : (adj.) nippabha; vinivijjhāpassiya.

opaqueness : (nt.) anacchatta; kūlusiya.

open : (adj.) vivaṭa; anāvaṭa; asaṃvuta; pasārita; pākaṭa. (v.t.) 1. Vivarati; ugghāṭeti; 2.āvīkaroti; pākaṭīkaroti; 3.(of meaning : ) vyākhyāti; 4. (of eyes : ) ummīleti. (v.i.) vikasati; pupphati. (pp.) vivaṭa; ugghāṭita; āvīkata; pākaṭikata; vyākhyāta; ummīlita; vikasita; pupphita.

open air : (m.) abbhokāsa.

open space : (nt.) aṅgaṇa; vivaṭaṭṭhāna.

open-eyed : (adj.) vimhayākula.

open-handed : (m.) payatapaṇī; vossaggarata.

open-hearted : (adj.) akapaṭa; akuṭila.

open-minded : (adj.) adīnacitta.

open-mouthed : (adj.) mukahara; vācāla.

openarmed : (adj.) nivyāja.

openeared : (adj.) ohitasota.

opener : (m.) vivaritu; ugghāṭaka.

opening : (nt.) 1. vivaraṇa; vikasana; anāvaraṇa. 2. Vivara; chidda.

openly : (adv.) āvī; pākaṭavasena.

openness : (nt.) vivaṭatta; akuṭilatta.

opera : (nt.) sasaṅgītanāṭaka.

operate : (v.i.) balaṃ pavatteti; kiccakārīhoti. (v.t.) sallkammaṃ karoti. (pp.) pavattitabala; kiccakāribhūta; katasallkamma.

operation : (m.) vyāpāra. (nt.) kicca; sallkamma.

operative : (adj.) kiccasādhaka; payojaka. noun : (m.) sippī.; kammakāra.

operator : (m.) 1. pavattāpaka; 2. sallavejja; sallakatta.

operose : (adj.) kicchasādhiya.

operosely : (adv.) kiccena; kasirena.

operoseness : (nt.) dukkaratta.

ophiolater : (m.) sappanamassaka; nāgapūjaka.

ophiology : (f.) sappavijjā.

ophiophagous : (adj.) sappabhakkha.

ophthalmia : (m.) nettābhisanda; akkhidāha.

ophthalmic : (adj.) nettavisayaka; abhissandayutta.

ophthalmist : (m.) akkhivejja.

ophthalmology : (f.) nayanavijjā.

ophthalmoscope : (m.) nayanabbhanatatanidasska.

ophthalmotomy : (nt.) nayanasallakamma.

opiate : (adj.) niddājanaka; ahipheṇayutta. noun : (nt.) niddājanakosadha. (v.t.) ahipheṇenamisseti. (pp.) ahipheṇenamissita.

opinion : (nt.) mata. (f.) mati. (m.) ajjhāsaya; adhippāya.

opinionated : (adj.) ādhānagāhī; attnoatika.

opinionative : (adj.) ādhānagāhī; attnoatika.

opium : (nt.) ahipheṇa. (v.t.) ahipaheṇenatikicchati.

oppilate : (v.t.) avarodheti. (pp.) avaruddha.

opponency : (m.) virodha.

opponent : (m.) paccatthika; paṭipakkha; amitta; verī. (adj.) viruddha; paccanika; paccatthika.

opportune : (adj.) samayocita; kālānurūpa; pattāvasara.

opportunely : (adv.) yathāsamayaṃ; yathḷākale; yathocitaṃ.

opportunism : (f.) kalocitavutti.

opportunity : (m.) pattakāla; avasara; okāsa; vāra.

opposable : (adj.) virujhitabba; paṭikkosiya.

oppose : (v.t.) virujjhati. (pp.) viruddha.

opposed : (adj.) paṭipakkha; paṭiloma; viloma; vipakkha.

opposeless : (adj.) anivāriya; bādhārahita.

opposite : (adj.) 1. Viruddha; paṭipakkha; 2. ābhimukha; paṭimukha; paṭikūla. (m.) vipariyāya.

opposite bank : (nt.) paratīra.

opposite wind : (m.) paṭivāta.

oppositely : (adv.) viparītaṃ; paṭilomaṃ.

opposition : (m.) virodha. (nt.) vipakkhatta

oppress : (v.t.) uppīḷeti; ābādheti; vyathati; heṭheti; omaddati. (pp.) uppīḷita; ābādhita; vytthita; heṭhita; omaddita.

oppression : (nt.) upapīḷana; viheṭhana; bādhana; pajāpiḷana.

oppressive : (adj.) pīḷaka; bādhaka; viheṭhaka.

oppressively : (adv.) pajāpīḷanena; vihiṃsāya.

oppressor : (n.) pajāpīḷaka; visamācāra.

opprobrious : (adj.) sopavāda.

opprobriously : (adv.) sopavādaṃ.

opprobrium : (m.) apakitti; ayasa; apavāda; upavāda.

oppugn : (v.t.) vivadati; paṭipucchati. (pp.) vivadita; paṭipucchita.

oppugnation : (nt.) vivadana.

opsimath : (m.) vuddha-sissa.

optative : (f.) sattamī vibhatti. (adj.) icchatthaka; icchāpakāsaka.

optic : (nt.) cakkhu; nayana. (adj.) nayanapaṭibaddha.

optical : (adj.) dassanavisayaka.

optician : (m.) 1. upanettavāṇija; 2. diṭṭhisatthaññū. (f.; plu.) diṭṭhivijjā.

optimism : (m.) sabbasubhavāda.

optimist : (m.) sabbasubhavādī.

option : (f.) abhiruci; icchā. (m.) abhilāsa.

optional : (adj.) yathicchaka; vikappasiddha.

optionally : (adv.) vikappena.

opulence : (f.) samiddhi; smpatti. (m.) vibhava.

opulent : (adj.) aḍḍha; mahaddhana; mahābhoga.

opulently : (adv.) aḍḍhākārena.

opus : (f.) paccekasaṅgītaracanā.

opuscule : (f.) khuddakagītaracanā.

or : (conj.) vā; athavā; (in questioning : ) uda; udāhu; nu.

or else : vā pana.

oracle : (nt.) devavākya; anāgataññṇa.

oracular : (adj.) devavākyāyatta.

oral : (adj.) mukhapāṭhābhata.

orally : (adv.) paṭhanavasena.

orang-outang : (m.) mahāvānaravisesa.

orang-utan : (m.) mahāvānaravisesa.

orange : (m.) jambīra.

orange coloured : (adj.) pītaratta.

orangery : (nt.) jambīravatthu.

orate : (v.t.) deseti. (pp.) desita.

oration : (f.) cittakathā. (nt.) sālaṅkāravacana.

orator : (m.) cittakathī.

oratory : (nt.) 1. vācāpaṭutta; vāgīdatta. 2. pugglikadevāyatana.

orb : (nt.) maṇḍala; āvaṭṭa; goḷaka; akkhigoḷa. (v.t.) goḷattaṃpāpeti. (v.i.) goḷībhavati. (pp.) goḷattaṃpāpita. goḷībhūta.

orb of the moon : (nt.) candamaṇḍala.

orbicular : (adj.) vaṭṭula; goḷākāra; cakkākāra.

orbit : (m.) 1. gahatārāpatha. 2. akkhikūpa.

orchard : (m.) phalārāma.

orchestic : (adj.) naccāyatta. (f.) naccakalā.

orchestra : (m.) 1. vādakasamūha. 2. vādittamaṇḍapa.

ordain : (v.t.) 1. sammannati; niddisati; 2. pabbājeti. (pp.) sammata; niddiṭṭha; pabbājita.

ordainer : (m.) paññāpaka; pabbājaka.

ordeal : (f.) tattaparikkhā; saccavīmaṃsā.

order : (f.) paṭipāṭi; āṇā; ābatti. (m.) kama; anukkama; anvaya; niyoga; gaṇa; vagga; nikāya. (v.t.) āṇāpeti; niyameti; saṃvidahati. (pp.) āṇāpita; niyamita; saṃvidhahita || holy order: (m.) ariyasaṅgha; in order: anupubbena; paṭipāṭiyā; yathākkamaṃ; in order to: atthāya.

orderer : (m.) āṇāpaka.

orderless : (adj.) ayathākkamaka; bhinnapaṭipāṭika.

orderly : (adj.) vavatthita; kamānuggata; anukkamika. (m.) upatthambhaka-sevaka.

ordinal : (f.) kamavācakasaṅkhyā. (adj.) kamavācī.

ordinance : (f.) vavatthā; niyamāvali. (m.) niyoga.

ordinant : (adj.) niyāmaka.

ordinarily : (adv.) sāmaññena; avisesato.

ordinariness : (f.) sāmaññātā; avisiṭṭhatā.

ordinary : (adj.) sādhāraṇa; avisiṭtha; sāmañña.

ordinate : (adj.) kamānugata; ānupubbika.

ordination : (nt.) patiṭṭhāpana. (f.) pabbajjā.

ordnance : (m.) yuddhayantasamūha.

ordure : (nt.) karīsa; mīḷha. (m.) ukkāra; asuci.

ore : (f.) asodhita-khaṇijadhātu.

oread : (f.) giridevatā.

organ : (nt.) mahāturiya; indriyāyatana. (m.) avayava; (of a society : ) kālikasaṅgaha.

organ of generation : (nt.) aṅgajāta; rahassaṅga.

organ of smell : (nt.) ghāṇāyatana.

organ of taste : (nt.) jivhāyatana.

organ of touch : (m.) kāyappasāda.

organic : (adj.) indriyabaddha.

organisation : (nt.) saṃvidahana. (m.) vinyāsa. (f.) racanā.

organise : (v.t.) saṃvidahati; sammā vavatthapeti. (pp.) saṃvihita; sammā vavatthapita.

organism : (nt.) saṃvidahana. (f.) racanā.

organist : (m.) mahāturiyavādaka.

organology : (m.) avayavavibhāga.

organon : (m.) 1. ṭakkamahetu; 2. ñayagantha.

orgasm : (m.) adhikavega. (f.) accantakāmāsā.

orgy : (m.) 1. surāchaṇa; devapūjāvisesa.

orient : (m.) pācīnadesa. (f.) pubbadisā. (adj.) udenta; uggacchamāna.

oriental : (adj.) pācīna; pubbadesīya. (m.) pācīnavāsī.

orientalist : (m.) pācīnabhāsaññū.

orifice : (nt.) chida; vivara.

orifice of the ear : (nt.) sotabila; kaṇṇacchidda.

origin : (f.) mūlupptti; yoni; sañjāti. (nt.) nidāna. (m.) pabhava; samudaya.

original : (adj.) ādima; mūlabhūta. (nt.) mūlabhūtavatthu.

originality : (f.) apubbatā; navakappanā. (nt.) sayampaṭibhāṇa.

originally : (adv.) ādito; mūlato; paṭhamaṃ.

originate : (v.t.) janeti; uppādeti; nibbatteti; samuṭṭhāpeti. (v.i.) jāyati; pabhavati; uppajjati; samuṭṭhāti. (pp.) janita; uppādita; nibbattita; samuṭṭhāpita; jāta; pbhūta; uppanna; samuṭṭhita.

originating : (adj.) nibbattaka; uṭṭhāpaka.

origination : (f.) uppatti. (m.) ubbhava; nibbattetu.

orinasal : (adj.) anunāsika.

Orion : (nt.) migasiranakkjhatta.

orison : (f.) āyācanā; patthanā.

ornament : (nt.) ābharaṇa; piḷandhana; pasādhana; vibhūsana. (m.) alaṅkāra. (v.t.) bhūseti; vibhūseti; maṇḍeti; pasādheti; alaṅkaroti. (pp.) bhūsita; vibhūsita; maṇḍita; pasādhita; alaṅkata.

ornamental : (adj.) bhūsanāyatta; maṇḍanopakāraka.

ornamentally : (adv.) maṇḍanavasena.

ornamentation : (nt.) 1. maṇḍana; bhūsana; alaṅkaraṇa; 2. Cittakamma.

ornate : (adj.) alaṅkata; bhūsita.

ornithologist : (m.) pakkhivijjāvidū.

ornithology : (f.) pakkhinijjā.

ornithomancy : (f.) sakuṇarutavijjā.

orography : (f.) pabbatavijjā.

orology : (nt.) giripabhedañāṇa.

orotund : (adj.) madhuragambhīra.

orphan : (adj.) nimmātāpitika.

orphanage : (nt.) nimmātāpitikatta. (m.) anāthadārakanivāsa.

orpiment : (nt.) haritāla.

orrery : (nt.) gahagamanadīpakayanta.

orris : (f.) vacā; golomī.

ort : (nt.) āhāratochaḍḍanīyavatthu.

orthodox : (adj.) dhammaladdhiaka; saccānugata.

orthodoxy : (f.) sammādiṭṭhi.

orthoepist : (m.) suṭṭhuccāraka.

orthogon : (nt.) samacaturassa.

orthogonal : (adj.) caturaṃsika.

orthography : (m.) akkharavinyāsa; akkharasamaya.

orthometry : (f.) niddosapajjaracanā.

oscillate : (v.i.) dolāyati; phandati. (pp.) dolāyita; phandita.

oscillating : (adj.) dolāyamāna.

oscillation : (nt.) dolāyana; phandana.

oscitant : (adj.) vijambhamāna.

oscitation : (f.) jambhanā; pamattatā.

oscular : (adj.) mukhāyatta; vadanayatta.

osculate : (v.i.t.) cumbati. (pp.) cumbita.

osculation : (nt.) cumbana.

osculatory : (adj.) cumbanāyatta.

osprey : (m.) ukkuha; kurara.

osseous : (adj.) aṭṭhimaya; aṭṭhibhūta.

ossicle : (nt.) khuddakaṭṭhi.

ossify : (v.t.) aṭṭhisadisaṃ karoti. (pp.) aṭṭhisadisaṃ kata.

ossuary : (nt.) matakaṭṭhi-agāra.

ostensible : (adj.) vyāja; ayathābhūta; kittima.

ostensibly : (adv.) vyājena; ayathā.

ostensive : (adj.) ayathādassaka.

ostentation : (m.) dappa; ahaṅkāra; bāhirālaṅkara.

ostentatious : (adj.) attukkaṃsaka; dappita.

ostentatiously : (adv.) sadappaṃ; sāhaṅkāraṃ.

osteography : (f.) aṭṭhivaṇṇanā.

osteology : (f.) aṭṭhīvijjā.

ostler : (m.) santhāgāra-assagopaka.

ostracise : (v.t.) (raṭṭhā) pabbājeti; nibbāseti. (pp.) pabbājita; nibbāsita.

ostracism : (nt.) nibbāsana.

ostrich : (m.) oṭṭhasakuṇa.

other : (adj.) itara; para; apara || at other times: (adv.) aññādā; the other day: (ind.) aparajju; the others: (m.) aññe; apare; itare.

othergates : (adv.) aññamaggena.

otherness : (nt.) aparatta.

otherwise : (adv.) aññāthā; itarathā.

otic : (adj.) sotapaṭibaddha.

otiose : (adj.) 1. alasa; 2. nipphal; 3. ānapekkhita; 4. kriyārahita.

otiosely : (adv.) akammaniyākārena.

otitis : (m.) kaṇṇāpāka.

otter : (m.) udda; jalamajjāra.

ought : (n.) yaṃ kiñci. (v.i.) arahati; vaṭṭati; yujjati.

ounce : (m.) 1. ha-dharaṇabhāra. 2. dīpivisesa.

our : (poss.; plu.) amhākaṃ.

our own : amhāyatta.

ours : (poss. plu.) (adj.) amhāyatta.

ourselves : (pron.) mayam eva; mayaṃ attanā va.

oust : (v.t.) apanudati; nikkhāmeti; bahikaroti. (pp.) apanudita; nikkhāmita; bahikata.

out : (intj.) apehi; apasara. (adv.) bahi; bahiddhā.

out of danger : (adj.) antarāyamutta.

out of food : (adj.) nirāhāra.

out of hope : (adj.) gatāsa; nirapekkha.

out of kindness : (adv.) anukampāya.

out of office : (adj.) bhaṭṭhādhikāra.

out of order : (adj.) uppaṭipāṭika; bhinnakkama.

out of pity : anukampaṃ upādāya.

out of place : (adj.) aṭṭānika; anucita. (adv.) aṭṭhāne.

out of print : (adj.) apuna-muddita.

out of sight : (adj.) dassanāṭikkanta.

out of the way place : (nt.) dūraṭṭhāna.

out of time : (adj.) ayathākālika.

out of use : (adj.) gatavohāra; luttaparibhoga.

out of work : (adj.) nikkamma.

outact : (v.t.) aticarati; atikaroti. (pp.) aticarita; atikata.

outbalance : (v.t.) atirekataṃ yāti; (pamāṇam) atikkamati. (pp.) atirekataṃ yāta; atikkanta.

outbid : (v.t.) adhikagghaṭhapanena kiṇāti. (pp.) adhikagghaṭhapanena kīta.

outbluster : (v.t.) atirekaṃ gajjati. (pp.) atirekaṃ gajjita.

outbrave : (v.i.) ativiya nibbhayo hoti.

outbreak : (nt.) 1. sahasā uṭṭhāna; ubbhijjana; 2. rogapattharaṇa. (v.i.) 1. pariyuṭṭhāti; 2. sahasā pattharati. (pp.) parīyuṭṭhita; sahasā patthaṭa.

outbuilding : (nt.) bahighara.

outburst : (m.) sahasā-niggama. (nt.) sasaddabhijjana.

outcast : (m.) 1. bahikata; 2. hīnajacca; vasala.

outcry : (nt.) ugghosana. tumulanāda.

outdare : (v.t.) vikkamena atiseti.

outdo : (v.t.) acceti; atīkkamati; abhibhūta.

outdoor : (adj.) abbhokāsika.

outer : (adj.) bāhiratara.

outer bark : (f.) papaṭikā.

outermost : (adj.) atibāhīta; paribāhira.

outface : (v.i.) 1. bhākutiṃ karoti; 2. antarāyābhimukhaṃ yāti. (pp.) katabhākuṭi; antarāyābhimukhaṃ yāta.

outfit : (m.) parivaccha; paricchada. (nt.) maggopakaraṇa. (v.t.) parivvacchaṃ karoti or sajjeti. (pp.) kataparivaccha.

outflow : (m.) abhisanda; pasava.

outgo : (m.) vaya. (nt.) vissajjana. (v.t.) acceti; atikkamati. (pp.) atikkanta.

outgoing : (m.) vaya; khaya; apacaya. (adj.) bahigāmi.

outgrow : (v.t.) atikkamma vaḍḍhati. (pp.) atikkamma vaḍḍhita.

outgrowth : (f.) bāhiravaḍḍhi.

outhouse : (nt.) upaghara.

outland : (m.) paradesa.

outlander : (m.) videsī.

outlandish : (adj.) videsīya.

outlast : (v.i.) cirakālaṃ pavattati. (pp.) cirakālaṃ pavattita.

outlaw : (m.) likhita-cora. (v.t.) sambhogaṃ nivāreti; nītiyā bahīkaroti. (pp.) nivāritasambhoga; nītya bahīkata.

outlawry : (nt.) pabbājanakamma.

outlay : (m.) vaya. (nt.) vissajjana.

outleap : (nt.) pakkhandana.

outlet : (m.) niggama. (nt.) nikkhamaṇadvāra.

outline : (nt.) bāhirasaṇṭhāna. (f.) saṅkhittavaṇṇanā. (v.t.) 1. saṇṭhānam ālikhati; 2. saṅkhepato nirūpati. (pp.) ālikhita; nirūpata.

outlive : (v.t.) atikkamma or dīghatarakālaṃ jīvati.

outlook : (f.) apekkhā; paccāsā. (m.) diṭṭhipāta.

outlying : (adj.) dūraṭṭha; asaṃsaṭṭha.

outmarch : (v.i.) agge yāti; atikkamati. (pp.) agge yāta; atikkanta.

outmost : (adj.) bāhiratama.

outnumber : (v.t.) saṅkhyāya atikkamati. (pp.) atikkantasaṅkhya.

outpace : (v.t.) hitvā yāti; atikkamati. (pp.) hitvā yāta; atikkanta.

outpour : (m.) dhārānipāta. (v.i.) dharahi nipatati. (pp.) dhārānipātita.

output : (nt.) nipphadita-pamāṇa.

outquench : (v.t.) nibbāpeti; upasameti. (pp.) nibbāpita; upasamita.

outrage : (nt.) dūsana. atyācāra. (m.) balakkāra. (v.t.) 1. dūseti; kalaṅketi; 2. Pasayha carati. (pp.) dūsita; kalaṅkita; pasayha carita.

outrageous : (adj.) sāhasika; atiduṭṭha.

outrageously : (adv.) ghoraṃ; dāruṇākārena.

outrageousness : (nt.) sahasikatta; daruṇatta.

outreach : (v.t.) dūrataraṃ pāpunāti or pattharati. (pp.) dūrataraṃ patta; patthaṭa.

outrider : (m.) pacchārohaka.

outright : (adv.) 1. sapadi; taṅkhaṇaṃ; 2. sabbathā; nissesaṃ.

outrival : (v.i.) visiṭṭhatamo bhavati.

outroot : see. Eradicate.

outrun : (v.t.) atikkamitvā dhāvati.

outset : (m.) ārambha; ādi. (nt.) paṭṭhapana.

outshine : (v.i.) atirocati. (pp.) atirocita.

outside : (m.) bāhirabhāga. (adj.) bāhira. (adv.) bahiddhā.

outsider : (m.) 1. parahana; bāhiraka; 2. āparicita.

outskirt : (m.) pariyanta; paccanta.

outspoken : (adj.) uttānavacana; tathavādī; thiravacana.

outspokenly : (adv.) vyattaṃ; visadaṃ; uttānaṃ; ujukaṃ.

outspread : (v.t.) vitthāreti; pasāreti; vitanoti. (pp.) vitthārita. pasārita; vitata.

outstanding : (adj.) 1. ṇahiniggata; sudissamāna; 2. anipphanna; 3. asañcita (-iṇa-karādi).

outstare : (v.t.) bhākuṭīkaraṇena lajjapeti. (pp.) bhākuṭīkaraṇena lajjapita.

outstretch : (v.t.) pasāreti; vitanoti. (pp.) pasārita; vitata.

outstrip : (v.t.) atikkamma yāti. (pp.) atikkamma yāta.

outvie : see, Excel.

outward : (adj.) bāhirābhimukha.

outwardly : (adv.) bāhirato.

outwards : (adv.) bahiddhā.

outwear : (v.t.) ciraṃ nivāseti or paridahati. (pp.) ciraṃ nivattha; paridahita.

outweigh : (v.t.) bhārena atiriccati. (pp.) atirittabhāra.

outwit : see, Cheat.

outwoen : (adj.) jiṇṇa; jajjara.

outwordbound : (adj.) videsagāmī.

outwork : (f.) bahiddhārakkhā.

oval : (adj.) aṇḍākāra.

ovarious : (adj.) aṇḍuppādaka.

ovary : (m.) aṇḍāsaya.

ovate : (adj.) aṇḍākāra.

ovation : (nt.) ussavena paṭigghaṇa.

oven : (m.) āvāpa; uddhana.

over : (adv.) upari; uttariṃ; uddhaṃ. (prep.) ati; abhi; adhi; pati || all over: 1. sabbattha; 2. paripuṇṇaṃ. (adv.) uparima; upariṭṭha; is over: niṭṭhitaṃ.

over and over : puanappunaṃ.

over-again : puna pi.

over-against : (adv.) abhimukhaṃ.

overact : (v.t.) aticarati; pamāṇam atikkamati. (pp.) aticarita; atikkantapamāṇa.

overalls : (nt.) paridhānāvaraṇa.

overawe : (v.t.) bhāyāpeti; abhibhavati. (pp.) bhāyāpita; abhibhūta.

overbalance : (v.t.) atituleti. (pp.) atitulita.

overbear : (v.t.) dameti; vasīkaroti. (pp.) danta; vasīkata.

overbearing : (adj.) uddhata; dappita.

overbearingly : (adv.) sadappaṃ; uddhatākārena.

overbeg : (v.t.) atiyācati. (pp.) atiyācita.

overboard : (v.t.) nāvāya bahi.

overbold : (adj.) atinibbhaya; atisāhasika.

overburden : (v.t.) adhikabhāram āropeti. (pp.) adhikabhāram āropita.

overcast : (v.t.) paṭicchadeti; āvarati. (pp.) paṭicchādita; āvaṭa. (adj.) meghacchanna; timirāvuta.

overcautious : (adj.) atisaṅkita.

overcharge : (v.t.) adhikamūlaṃ niyameti. (pp.) niyamitādhikamūla. (nt.) adhikamūlaniyamana.

overcloud : (v.t.) paṭicchadeti; āvarati. (pp.) paṭicchādita; āvaṭa. (adj.) meghacchanna; timirāvuta.

overcoat : (m.) bāhira-kañcuka.

overcome : (v.t.) ativattati; pasahati; abhibhavati; pamaddati. (pp.) ativattita; pasahita; abhibhūta; pamaddita. (adj.) aṭṭita; pareta; parājita.

overcoming : (nt.) pasahana; abhibhavana.

overcrowd : (v.t.) sambādheti; nirantaraṃ pūreti. (pp.) sambādhita; nitantaraṃ pūrita.

overdo : (v.t.) adhikaṃ viheseti; kilameti. (pp.) adhikaṃ vihāsita; kilamita.

overdose : (nt.) adhika-bhesajjapāna.

overdraw : (v.t.) adhikataramūlaṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) gahitādhikamūlaṃ.

overdress : (v.t.) ujjalavesaṃ dhāreti. (pp.) dhāritujjalavesa.

overdue : (adj.) niyamitakālātikknta.

overeat : (v.t.) atimattaṃ bhūñjati; bhojane amattaññū hoti. (pp.) atimattaṃ bhutta.

overestimate : (v.t.) pamāṇādhikaṃ agghāpeti. (pp.) pamāṇādhikaṃ agghāpita.

overfatigue : (m.) adhikaparissama. (v.t.) atatikilameti. (pp.) atatikilamita.

overfeed : (v.t.) atimattaṃ bhojeti. (pp.) atimattaṃ bhojita.

overflow : (v.t.) ottharati. (v.i.) abhisandati; vissandati. (pp.) otthaṭa; abhisandita; vissandita. (m.) 1. ābhisanda; 2. jalogha. (nt.) ottharaṇa.

overflowing : (adj.) 1. abhisandamāna; 2. atibahula.

overgrow : (v.t.) chādetvā vaḍḍhati (pp.) chādetvā vaḍḍhita.

overgrowing : (adj.) sulabh; bahula; ativaḍḍhamāna.

overhasty : (adj.) atisāhasika; anisammakārī.

overhaul : (v.t.) 1. vibhajitvā vīmaṃsati; 2. anubandhitvā pāpuṇāti. (pp.) vibhajitvā vīmaṃsita; anubandhitvā patta.

overhead : (adv.) sīsūpari; matthake.

overhear : (v.t.) anubhilakkhito suṇāti.

overheat : (v.t.) adhikaṃ tāpeti. (pp.) adhikaṃ tāpita.

overindulgence : (nt.) adhikatarāsevana.

overjoy : (m.) pamoda. (v.t.) pahaṃseti; atipīṇeti. (pp.) pahaṃsita or pahaṭṭha; atipīṇita.

overland : (adj.) thalagāmī.

overlandroute : (m.) thalapatha.

overlap : (v.t.) vyāpetvā or chādetvā tiṭṭhati. (pp.) tiṭṭhita.

overlay : (v.t.) 1. āvarati; paṭicchādeti; 2. adhikabhāram āropeti. (pp.) āvaṭa; paṭicchādita; adhikabhāram āropita.

overleap : (v.t.) ullaṅgheti; uppatitvā yāti. (pp.) ullaṅghita; uppatitvā yāta.

overlie : (v.t.) avattharitvā tiṭṭhati. (pp.) avattharitvā tiṭṭhita.

overload : (v.t.) atibhāram āropeti. (pp.) āropitātibhāra.

overlook : (v.t.) 1. na gaṇeti; upekkhati; atikkamitvā passati; 2. anuviloketi. (v.i.) unnato dissati. (pp.) agaṇita; upkkhita; atikamitvā diṭṭha; anuvilokita.

overlord : (m.) adhissara; pabhū; abhibhū.

overlordship : (nt.) issariyādhipacca.

overmuch : (nt.) atibāhulla. (adj.) atimatta. (adv.) accantaṃ; atimattaṃ.

overnight : (adv.) pubbarattiyaṃ; rattibhāge.

overpass : (v.t.) atikkamati; vajjeti. (pp.) atikkanta; vajjita.

overpay : (v.t.) adhikavetanaṃ deti. (pp.) dinnādhikavetana.

overpeople : (v.t.) adhikajanakiṇṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) adhikajanakiṇṇaṃ kata.

overplus : (m.) atirittabhāga; atireka.

overpoise : (m.) mahābhāra; dhikabhāra.

overpower : (v.t.) abhibhavati; maddati; adhivattati. (pp.) abhibhūta; maddita; adhivattita.

overproduction : (nt.) adhikanipphādana.

overrate : (v.t.) adhikagghaṃ niyameti; adhikamūlaṃ niddisati (pp.) niyamitādhikagghaṃ; niḍḍiṭṭhādhikamūlaṃ.

overreach : (v.t.) 1. atikkamitvā pāpuṇāti; 2. vañceti; 3. ūggacchati. (pp.) atikkamitvā patta; vañcita; uggata.

override : (v.i.) akkmati; atikkamati; abhimaddati. (pp.) akkanta; atikkanta; abhimandita.

overripe : (adj.) atiparipakka.

overrule : (v.t.) ñāyena paṭisedheti. or niggaṇhāti; abhibhavati. (v.i.) pasāsati. (pp.) paṭisedhita; niggahita; abhibhūta; pasāsita.

overrun : (v.t.) avattharati; ajjhottharati. (pp.) avatthaṭa; ajjhotthaṭa.

overscrupulous : (adj.) atikukkuccaka.

oversea : (adj.) videsika; pārasāmuddika.

overseas : (adv.) videse; samuddapāre.

oversee : (v.t.) (kammantaṃ) paripāleti or vicāreti. (pp.) paripālita; vicārita.

overseer : (m.) pālaka; adhikārī; vicāraka.

overset : (v.t.) nikkujjeti; adhomukhīkaroti. (pp.) nikkujjita; adhomukhīkata.

overshadow : (v.t.) chāyāya chādeti or tirokaroti. (pp.) chāyāya chādita or tirokata.

overshoot : (v.t.) atilakkhaṃ vijjhati. (pp.) atilakkhaṃ viddha.

oversight : (nt.) kahalita; anavadhāna. (m.) pamādadosa.

oversize : (adj.) pamāṇātikkanta.

oversleep : (v.t.) ativelaṃ supati. (pp.) ativelaṃ sutta. (nt.) dīghasoppa.

overspent : (adj.) 1. atikilanta; 2. ātikkanta; atikhīṇa.

overspread : (v.t.) ottharati; vyāpeti; pattharati. (pp.) otthaṭa; vyāpita patthaṭa.

overstate : (v.t.) adhikaṃ vaṇṇeti. (pp.) vaṇṇita.

overstep : (v.t.) atikkamati; atisarati. (pp.) atikkanta; atisaṭa.

overstock : (m.) atisañcaya. (v.t.) adhikaṃ rāsīkaroti. (pp.) adhikaṃ rāsīkata.

overstrain : (v.t.) adhikam ussahati. (pp.) adhikaṃ ussahita.

overt : (adj.) pākaṭa; vyatta.

overtake : (v.t.) anubandhitvā gaṇhāti. (pp.) anubandhitvā gahita.

overtax : (v.t.) adhikakaraṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) gahitādhikakara.

overthrow : (v.t.) 1. vināseti; 2. parājeti; 3. ūcchindati. (pp.) vināsita; parājita; ucchinna.

overtime : (m.) (niyamitakālato) adhikakāla.

overtly : (adv.) pākatākārena.

overtness : (nt.) pākaṭatta.

overture : (m.) 1. paṭhamārambha; upaññāsa. 2. vivecanīyavisaya.

overturn : (v.t.) nikkujjeti; adhomukhīkaroti. (pp.) nikkujjita; adhomukhīkata.

overvalue : (v.t.) adhikagghaṃ ṭhapeti. (pp.) adhikagghaṃ ṭhapita.

overweening : (adj.) attukkaṃsaka; adhikamānī.

overweigh : (v.t.) bhārena atiriccati. (pp.) bhārena atiritta.

overweight : (m.) adhikabhāra.

overwhelm : (v.t.) 1. abhitudati; 2. osīdāperi; 3. pariyādiyati.(pp.) abhituṇṇa; osīdāpita; pariyādinna.

overwise : (adj.) atipaṇḍita; paṇḍitamānī.

overwork : (nt.) adhikakicca. (m.) atiparissama. (v.t.) 1. atiparissantaṃ karoti; 2. adhikaṃ kammaṃ karoti.

overworn : (adj.) atikilanta; paribhogajiṇṇa.

overwrought : (adj.) atiparissanta.

overzeal : (f.) accussukatā.

overzealous : (adj.) adhikussāhī.

ovicular : (adj.) aṇḍanissita.

oviferous : (adj.) aṇḍajanaka.

oviform : (adj.) aṇḍākāra.

ovine : (adj.) meṇḍāyatta; meṇḍagatika.

oviparous : (adj.) aṇḍajanaka; 2. aṇḍaja.

oviposit : (v.t.) āsāṭikaṃ nikkhipati. (pp.) nikkhittāsāṭika.

oviposition : (nt.) āsāṭikānikkhipana.

ovoid : (adj.) aṇḍākāra.

ovum : (nt.) kalalarūpa.

owe : (v.i.) iṇaṃ dhāreti; iṇāyiko hoti. (pp.) dhāritaiṇa; iṇāyikabhūta.

owing : (adj.) nittharitabba; dātabba.

owing to : nissāya; hetunā

owl : (m.) uḷūka; vāyasāri.

owlet : (m.) uḷūkapotaka.

owlish : (adj.) uḷūkopama; mandabuddhika.

owllight : (m.) padosa; mandāloka.

own : (adj.) saka; sakīya; nija. (v.t.) āyattaṃ or naṃadhīnaṃ karoti; parigagaṇhāti. (v.i.) aṅgikaroti; paṭijānāti. (pp.) āyattikata; aṅgīkata; paṭiññāta || my own: mamāyatta; your own: tavāyetta.

owner : (m.) sāmī; issara; pati.

ownerless : (adj.) assāmika.

ownership : (nt.) sāmitta; pabhutta.

ox : (m.) usabha; goṇa; balivadda.

oxeyed : (adj.) visālakkha.

oxide : (nt.) pāṇadavāyunā missitavatthu.

oxidise : (v.t.) pāṇadavāyunā misseti. (pp.) pāṇadavāyunā missita.

oxygen : (m.) pāṇadavāyu.

oxygenate : (v.t.) pāṇadavāyunā tikicchati. (pp.) pāṇadavāyunā tikacchita.

oyster : (m.) sambuka.

ozone : (m.) ghanībhūtapāṇdavāyu.

-ooOoo-
A     B     C     D     E     F
G     H     I     J     K     L
M     N     O     P     Q     R
S     T     U     V     W     X,Y,Z

Contents | Top of Page

Pali-Viet Dictionary | Pali-English Dictionary | English Index
last updated: 25-05-2003


//----------------------------------------------------------


Main Page

Using Unicode VU-Times font




English-Pali Dictionary
by Metta Net, Sri Lanka





- P -

pabulum : (m.) āhāra.

pacable : (adj.) santikara.

pacation : (nt.) vupasamana.

pace : (m.) padapāta; padavītihāra. (nt.) gamana. (f.) gati. (v.i.) caṅkamati; samaṃ yāti. (v.t.) padavārehi miṇāti. (pp.) caṅkamita; samaṃ yāta; padavārehi mita.

pacer : (m.) aturitagāmī.

pacific : (adj.) santikara; akkhubhita.

pacification : (m.) upasama. (f.) santi. (nt.) sāmaggikaraṇa.

pacificism : (m.) yuddhavirodha.

pacifier : (m.) upasametu.

pacifism : (m.) yuddhavirodha.

pacifist : (m.) yuddapaṭipakkha.

pacify : (v.t.) upasameti; sandhāti. (pp.) upasamita; sandahita.

pack : (f.) bhaṇḍikā. (m.) khandhabhāra; (of hounds, etc.) gaṇa; yūtha; samūha; (of cards) pattikārāsi. (v.t.) puṭaṃ bandhati; bhaṇḍikaṃ karoti. (pack in a box : ) sannidahati. (v.i.) 1. samosarati; 2. sahasā apagacchati. (pp.) puṭabadha; bhaṇḍikākata; sannihita; sahasā apagata.

pack -off : (v.) apaneti; sahasānikkhāmeti.

package : (m.) puṭa; puṭakosa. (f.) bhṇḍikā.

packet : (f.) khuddaka-bhaṇḍikā.

packhorse : (m.) bhāravāhī-assa.

packman : (m.) bhaṇḍavāhī.

pact : (nt.) katikāvatta. (m.) paṭiññābandha.

pad : (nt.) upadhāna; cumbaṭaka. (m.) lekhanapaṇṇanicaya; panthadūhaka. (v.i.) padasā yāti. (v.t.) upadhāne sampādeti or yojeti; muduvatthunā chādeti. (pp.) sampāditūpadhāna; muduvatthunā chādita.

padding : (nt.) bhisipūrakadabba.

paddle : (f.) nāvāpājanī. (v.t.) nāvādiṃ pājeti. (v.i.) jale yāti. (pp.) pājitanāva; jale yāta.

paddler : (m.) nāvāpājaka.

paddlewheel : (nt.) pājaka-cakka.

paddock : (nt.) khuddakakhetta. (m.) maṇḍūka.

paddy : (m.) vīhi.

paderism : (f.) pāpamittatā; pāpaninnatā.

padlock : (nt.) tāḷaka; kuñcikāyanta.

padre : (m.) devapūjaka.

paean : (nt.) thutigīta; jayagīta.

pagan : (m.) micchādiṭṭhika.

paganism : (f.) micchādiṭṭhi.

page : (nt.) (of a book) piṭṭha. (m.) (-- boy : ) ceṭaka; cullupaṭṭhāka; pādamūlika.

pageant : (nt.) vilasadassana; tucchanidassana. (m.) vāhanussava.

paginal : (adj.) (potthaka-) piṭṭhāyatta.

paginate : (v.t.) piṭṭhāni aṅketi. (pp.) aṇkitapiṭṭha.

pagoda : (nt.) cetiya. (m.) thūpa; soṇṇakahāpaṇavisesa.

paideutics : (f.) ajjhapanavijjā.

pail : (nt.) thāli-sadisabhājana. (f.) pāti.

pailful : (m.) pātipūra.

paillasse : (f.) palālabhisi.

pain : (f.) rujā; vedanāl; pīḷā. (v.t.) vyathati; pīḷeti; upatāpeti; dukkheti. (pp.) vyathita; pīḷita; upatāpita; dukkhita.

pained : (adj.) dukkhita; vedanaṭṭa.

painful : (adj.) rujāvaha; santāpakara; dussādhiya.

painfully : (adv.) kicchena; kasirena.

painless : (adj.) niruja; niddukkha.

painlessly : (adv.) anāyāsena; nirujaṃ.

painstaking : (adj.) uyyogī; saussāha.

paint : (nt.) vaṇṇaka; vaṇṇajāta. (v.t.) 1. vaṇṇalepaṃ karoti; 2. ālikhati; citteti. (pp.) katavaṇṇālepa; ālikhita; cittita.

painter : (m.) 1. vaṇṇalepaka; raṅgājīvī; 2. cittakāra || brush of a painter: (f.) tūlikā; ālekhanī.

painting : (nt.) cittakāra; ālikhana; cittitavatthu. (m.) vaṇṇālepa.

pair : (nt.) yuga; yugala; yamaka; dvanda. (pair of a male and a female : ) (nt.) mithuna. (v.t.) saṃyojeti; yugaso ṭhapeti. (v.i.) saṃvāsaṃ kappeti. (pp.) saṃyutta; yugaso ṭhapita; kappitasaṃvāsa.

palace : (m.) pāsāda. (nt.) bhavana; vimāna; mandira.

palace-garden : (nt.) poanadavana.

palace-grounds : (nt.) rājantepura.

palaeography : (f.) purālipivijjā.

palaeology : (f.) purāvatthuvijjā.

palaeontology : (f.) purājīvīvijjā.

palaestra : (m.) mallasippālaya. (nt.) vāyāmakaraṇaṭṭhāna.

palankeen : (f.) ḍolā; sivikā; pāṭaṅkī.

palanquin : (f.) ḍolā; sivikā; pāṭaṅkī.

palatable : (adj.) rucikara; sādurasa.

palatal : (adj.) tāluja; tāluvisayaka.

palate : (m.) tālu; assāda. (f.) ruci.

palatial : (adj.) rājāraha.

palatial building : (nt.) mahāmandira.

palatine : (adj.) rājādhikārayutta.

pale : (nt.) kaṭṭhasūla. (m.) saṅku. (adj.) vivaṇṇa; uppaṇduka. (v.t.) 1. vaṇṇaṃ hāpeti. 2. sūlehi āvarati. (v.i.) vivaṇṇī hoti. (pp.) hāpitavaṇṇa; sulāvaṭa; vaṇṇanī bhūta.

paleness : (nt.) vevaṇṇiya; uppaṇḍukatta.

palette : (m.) cittakāra-vaṇṇaphalaka.

palfrey : (m.) ārohanīyassa.

palindrome : (nt.) paṭilomayamaka.

paling : (f.) saṇkuvati.

palingenesis : (nt.) punajīvana.

palinode : (nt.) sakamatakhaṇḍakapajja.

palisade : (f.) saṅkupanti.

palish : (adj.) īsaṃpaṇḍuka.

pall : (nt.) chavacchādakavattha. (v.t.) virasīkaroti. (v.i.) rasahīno bhavati. (pp.) virasīkata.

pall bearer : (m.) chava-vatthagāhī.

palladium : (f.) ārakkhā; ārakkhadevatā.

pallet : (f.) palālabhisi. (m.) kumbhakāra-dāruhattha.

palliasse : (f.) palālabhisi.

palliate : (v.t.) dosalāghavaṃ karoti.

palliation : (nt.) dosalahukaraṇa.

palliative : (nt.) samanosadha; sūlanāsana. (adj.) upasamaka; dosahāpaka.

pallid : see Pale. (adj.)

pallor : (nt.) vevaṇṇiya; nittejatta.

palm : (nt.) karatala; hatthatala. (m.) (tree : ) tāla. (v.t.) 1. karatalena parimajjati; 2. saṭhena vañceti. (pp.) karatala-parimaṭṭha; vañcita; .

Palm Christi : (m.) eraṇḍa.

palm-leaf : (nt.) tālapaṇṇa.

palm-off : patāreti; vañceti.

palmacous : (adj.) tālajātivisayaka.

palmar : (adj.) karatalāyatta.

palmary : (adj.) accukkaṭṭha.

palmate : (adj.) karatalākāra.

Palmer : (m.) 1. tālapaṇṇahattha; 2. paribbājaka; puññatitthasevī.

palmistry : (f.) sāmuddikavijjā; hatthalekhāvijjā.

palmy : (adj.) 1. tālasañcanna; 2. Samiddha; puṇṇavibhava.

palmy-days : (m.) samiddhikāla.

palmyra : (m.) tālarukkha.

palp : (m.) phusanāvayava.

palpable : (adj.) phusanīya; supākaṭa.

palpably : (adv.) supākaṭaṃ.

palpate : (v.t.) hatthena phusitvā jānāti. (pp.) hatthena phusitvā ñata.

palpitate : (v.i.) kampati; phandati; nāḷi vahati. (pp.) kampita; phandita;.

palpitation : (nt.) kampana; phandana; nāḷivahana.

palsy : (m.) aṃsabhaṅga; pakkhaghāta. (v.t.) aṃsabhaṅgam uppādeti; kriyārahitaṃ karoti. (pp.) uppāditaṃsabhaṅga.

palter : (v.i.) nikatiyā carati; ayathā vadati. (pp.) nikatiyā carita; ayathā vutta.

paltry : (adj.) 1. ādhama; anariya; 2. āppaggha; appamattaka.

paludal : (adj.) kacchanissita.

pamper : (v.t.) atitappeti; adhīkaṃ bhuñjati. (pp.) atitappita; adhikaṃ bhutta.

pamperer : (m.) atibhojī.

pampering : (nt.) atibhojana; atilālana.

pamphlet : (m.) khuddakagantha.

pamphleteer : (m.) khuddakaganthlekhaka.

pamplegia : (nt.) sabbaṅgatthambhana.

pan : (nt.) kapallaka. (f.) thālī.

panacea : (nt.) sabbaroganāsakosadha.

panache : (f.) sikhā. (nt.) sekharapiñja.

pancake : (m.) kapallakapūva.

pancratic : (adj.) mallakīḷāvisārada.

pancratium : ( nt.) mallayuddha.

pandemic : (adj.) opasaggīka. (m.) opasaggīkaroga.

pander : (m.) pāpasahāya; duṭṭhānusāsaka. (v.t.) pāpaskammesu niyojeti. (v.i.) pāpasaṅkappaṃ sampādeti.

panderness : (f.) pāpasahāyika.

pandiculation : (nt.) aṅgappasāraṇa; vijambhana.

pane : (m.) kācaphalaka. (nt.) caturassaka.

panegyric : (f.) guṇavaṇṇanā. (adj.) thutiyutta; pasaṃsāvisayaka.

panegyrise : (v.t.) thomet; pasaṃsati. (pp.) thomita; pasattha.

panegyrist : (m.) thomaka; pasaṃsaka; vandī; thutipāṭhaka.

panel : (m.) kavāṭa-phalaka. (f.) tīrakanāmāvali. (v.t.) 1. assakacchaṃ yojeti; 2. kavīṭaphalakaṃ yojeti. (pp.) yojita assakacchaṃ; yojita kavīṭaphalakaṃ.

pang : (f.) balvarujā; vedanā.

pangolin : (f.) kapālagodhā.

panic : (nt.) 1. ṃahabbhaya; 2. ahetuka-bhaya.

panic-stricken : mhabbhayabhīta.

panjandrum : (m.) attukkaṃsakapuggala. (nt.) pākaṭapuggalassa vikaṭanāma.

pannage : (m.) sūkaranivāpa.

pannier : (m.) satthagāmīnaṃ yamaka-pasibbaka.

pannikin : (m.) khuddakasarāvaka. (nt.) pānīyathālaka.

panoply : (m.) sabbaṅgasannāha.

panorama : (nt.) sabbabhāgadassna.

panoramic : (adj.) sabbabhāgadassaka.

panpipe : (m.) dhamana-vaṃsa.

pant : (n.) nissasana. (v.i.) 1. dīghaṃ nissasati; 2. atigijjhati.

pantaloon : (m.) vidūsaka; vihāsaka.

pantheism : (m.) issaranimmāṇavāda.

pantheist : (m.) issaranimmaṅavādī.

pantheon : (m.) sakaladevagaṇa. (nt.) sakaladevāyatana.

panther : (m.) cittaka-dīpi.

pantile : (m.) chadaniṭṭhikāvisesa.

panting : (adj.) nissasanta.

pantisocracy : (nt.) janasammatapālana.

pantomime : (nt.) cāraṇika (-nscca).

pap : (nt.) cūcuka; thanagga; mudubhojana. (m.) pāyāsa-sadisāhāra.

papa : (m.) tāta.

papal : (adj.) romaka-nāyakapūjakāyatta.

papaw : (m.) vātakumbha. (nt.) nāvāphala.

paper : (nt.) kākacapaṇṇa. (v.t.) kākacapaṇṇehi chādeti. (pp.) kākacapaṇṇehi chādita.

papilla : (m.) khuddakaphoṭa.

papillary : (adj.) sissavisayaka.

papist : (m.) romakasāmayika.

papula : (m.) vadanaphoṭa.

papulous : (adj.) vadanaphoṭayutta.

papyraceous : (adj.) kākacasadisa.

par : (nt.) samatta; tulyatta.

par excellence : (adv.) accukkaṭṭhatāya.

parabally : (adv.) upamāvasena.

parable : (f.) upamā; nidassanakathā. (nt.) opamma.

parabolic : (adj.) nidassanabhūta; upamāyatta.

parabolical : (adj.) nidassanabhūta; upamāyatta.

parachronism : (f.) sadosavassasaṅkhyā.

parachute : (nt.) gaganotaraṇa-chatta.

parade : (m.) senāvyūha; yuddhaparicaya. (v.t.) senāvinyāsaṃ dasseti. (v.i.) sadappaṃ carati. (pp.) dassitasenāvinyāsaṃ.

paradigm : (nt.) nidassana; udāharaṇa.

paradigmatic : (adj.) nidassanabhūta.

paradisaic : (adj.) dibba; sovaggika.

paradise : (nt.) nandanavana. (m.) devaloka.

paradox : (m.) sammutiviruddhavāda.

paragon : (nt.) ukkaṭṭha-pamāṇa; seṭṭhtamavatthu. (m.) niruttarapuggala.

paragraph : (m.) vākyacheda; vākyakhaṇḍa. (v.t.) vākyāni vicchindati. (pp.) vicchinna-vākya.

paralipsis : (m.) paṭikkhepālaṅkāra; ākhepa.

parallel : (adj.) samadūravati; sabbathāsama. (v.t.) samadūravattiṃ karoti; samāneti. (pp.) samadūravatīkata. samāneti.

parallelism : (nt.) samantaratta; sadisatta.

parallelogram : (nt.) samantaradīgha-caturassa.

paralogism : (m.) ahetukābhāsa. (f.) atakkānugatakathā.

paralyse : (v.t.) santhmbheti; akammññaṃ karoti. (pp.) santhmbhita; akammaññaṃkata.

paralysis : (m.) pakkhaghāta; aṃsabhṅga.

paralytic : (adj.) naṭṭhindriya; pakkhahata.

paramagnetic : (adj.) ayokaatākaḍḍhanīya.

paramour : (m.) (male : ) jāra. (f.) (female : ) jārī; aticārinī.

paranoia : (m.) cittabbhama.

parapet : (f.) nicbhitti. (nt.) aṃsusilādikata-āvaraṇa.

paraphernalia : (nt.) 1. ītthidhana; 2. upalaraṇa; parikkhāra || royal-paraphernalia: (nt.) rājakakudhabhaṇḍa.

paraphrase : (v.t.) vitthāreti; vyākhyāti. (pp.) vitthārita; vyākhyāta. (nt.) atthavakṇṇanā. (f.) vivaraṇa.

paraphrastic : (adj.) vyākhyabhūta; vaṇṇanāvisayaka.

paraplegia : (m.) adhopakkhaghāta.

parasite : (m.) parapuṭṭha; parabhata; cāṭupara. (f.) (plant : ) rukkhādanī; vandākā.

parasol : (nt.) chatta; ātapatta.

parathesis : (nt.) tulyādhikaraṇa; samānavibbhatikatta.

parathetic : (adj.) samānavibhattika.

parboil : (v.t.) addhaṃ pacati. (pp.) addhapakka.

parcel : (f.) bhaṇḍikā. (m.) puṭa; bhāga; koṭṭhāsa. (v.t.) bhāgaso vibhajati. (pp.) bhāgaso vibhatta.

parcel-out : (v.) vibhajati; koṭṭhāse karoti.

parcelled : (adj.) puṭavaddha.

parcelling : (nt.) bhāgaso-karaṇa.

parcenarer : (m.) sahabhāgī; kaṭṭhāsī.

parcenary : (f.) sahabhāgitā; bhāgāyattatā.

parch : (v.t.) soseti; bhajjati. (v.i.) sussati; bhajīyati. (pp.) sosita; bhaṭṭha; sukkha; bhajjita.

parched corn : (m.) lāja.

parched flour : (m.) sattu; mantha.

parchment : (nt.) cammpaṭṭa; lipicamma.

pard : (m.) dīpi.

pardon : (f.) khamā; khanti; titikkhā. (v.t.) khamati; titikkhati. (pp.) khanta; titikkhita

pardonable : (adj.) 1.khantabba; khamāraha; 2. satekiccha.

pare : (v.t.) tacchati; tanukaroti; (of rind : ) tacam apaneti. (pp.) tacchita; tanukata; apanītataca.

paregoric : (nt.) vedanūpasamaka (-bhesajja).

parent : (m.; plu.) mātāpitaro; mūlapurisa; pabhava.

parentage : (nt.) kulaparivaṭṭa.

parental : (adj.) 1. mātāpettika; 2. vacchala.

parenthesis : (nt.) 1. nikkhepalakkhaṇa; 2. upavākya.

parenthetical : (adj.) anusaṅgika.

parenthetically : (adv.) pakkhepavasena; anusaṅgavasena.

parenthood : (nt.) mātāpitiṭṭhāna.

parenticide : (m.) 1. mātāpitughāta; 2. mātāpitughātī.

parentless : (adj.) nimmātāpitika.

paresis : (m.) addhapakkhaghāta.

parget : (m.) bhittilepa. (v.t.) bhittiṃ lepeti.

pariah : (n.) caṇḍāla; hīnajacca.

parish : (m.) gocaragāma; vibhattapadesa.

parishioner : (m.) gocaragāmavāsī.

parity : (nt.) samānatta; sāmañña.

park : (nt.) upavana; uyyāna. (m.) ārāma. (v.t.) uyyānaṃ sampādeti; upavane ṭhapeti. (pp.) sampādituyyāna; upavane ṭhapita.

parlance : (m.) sallāpa; kathanākāra. (f.) sākacchā.

parley : (nt.) sambhāsana. (f.) sākacchā. (v.i.) sakacchati; sammanteti. (pp.) sākacchita; sammantita.

parliament : (f.) mantisabhā.

parliamentary : (adj.) mantisabhāyatta.

parlour : (f.) sannipātasālā. (nt.) sambhāsanaṭṭhāna.

parlous : (adj.) sappaṭibhaya; sopaddava.

parochial : (adj.) sīmitapadesāyatta; padesika.

parody : (nt.) parihāsapajja; dubbalānkaraṇa. (v.t.) kucchitākārena anukaroti.

parole : (f.) apalāyana-paṭiññā.

paronomasia : (m.) silesālaṅkāra.

parotid : (m.) lālāsaya. (adj.) kaṇṇasamīpaṭṭha.

parotitis : (m.) uḷūkaroga.

paroxysm : (m.) 1. rogavesa; 2. kapavega.

parquet : (nt.) nānādārukhacitabhūtala.

parricide : (m.) pitughāta; pitughātī.

parrot : (m.) suka; suva; kīra. (v.t.) anubhāsati. (pp.) anubhāsita.

parry : (v.t.) pahāraṃ vañceti or vāreti. (pp.) vañcitapahāra. (nt.) pariharaṇa.

parse : (v.t.) padavibhāgaṃ karoti. (pp.) katapadavibhāga.

parsimonious : (adj.) mitavyayī; maccharī.

parsimoniously : (adv.) luddhākārena.

parsimony : (m.) mitavaya.

parsing : (nt.) padavibhajana.

parsley : (f.) ajamodā.

parson : (m.) padesika-devapūjaka.

parsonage : (m.) pūjakāvāsa.

part : (m.) aṃsa; ayattabhāga; bhāga; koṭṭhāsa; (allotted : ) pattakoṭṭhāsa; (turn : ) vāra. (nt.) (constituent : ) aṅga; avayava; (share : ) āyattakicca. (v.t.) bhājeti; viyojeti; puthakkaroti. (v.i.) viyujjati; vigaccahati. (pp.) bhājita; viyojita; puthakkata; viyutta; vigata. || by parts: (ind.) bhāgaso; for my part: aham pana.

partake : (v.i.) anubhoti; paribhuñjati; sahabhāgī hoti. (pp.) anubhūta; paribhutta; sahabhāgī bhūta.

partaker : (m.) sahabhāgī; sahabhojī.

parthenogenesis : (nt.) saṃvāsarahituppādana.

parti-coloured : (adj.) nānāvaṇṇa; vicittavaṇṇa.

partial : (adj.) pakkhapatita; asabbavyāpaka; asampuṇṇa.

partiality : (f.) pakkhapātitā. (m.) anurāga.

partially : (adv.) ekadesato; bhāgavasena.

partibility : (nt.) vibhajanārahatta.

partible : (adj.) vibhajanīya.

participant : (m.) sahabhāgī; pattika.

participate : (v.t.) bhāgaṃ gaṇhāti. (v.i.) pattiko or sahabhāgī hoti. (pp.) gahitabhāga; pattikabhūta.

participation : (f.) bhāgagahaṇa; sahabhāgitā. (m.) saṃvibhāga.

participle : (nt.) kitakapada.

particle : (m.) lava; aṇu; lesa. (nt.) (in gram : ) avyaya.

particular : (adj.) asādhāraṇa; pacceka; visiṭṭha. (nt.) paccekavatthu.

particularisation : (nt.) paricchindana; visekaraṇa.

particularise : (v.t.) viseseti; visuṃ niddisati. (pp.) visesita; vissuṃ niddiṭṭha.

particularity : (nt.) paccekatta; asādhāraṇatta.

particularly : (adv.) visesena; paccekavasena.

parting : (m.) viyoga; viraha; apagama.

partisan : (m.) pakkhagāhī. (f.) kuṭhārī.

partisanship : (m.) pakkhagāha.

partite : (adj.) yāva mūlā vibhatta.

partition : (nt.) vicchedana; vibhajana. (v.t.) vibhajati; viyojeti. (pp.) vibhatta; viyojita.

partitive : (adj.) vibhāgadassaka.

partly : (adv.) bhāgaso; addhavasena.

partner : (m.) pattika; bhāgī; sahakārī; sahāya.

partnership : (f.) sahabhāgitā; sahakāritā.

partridge : (m.) kapiñjala.

parturient : (adj.; f.) āsannapasavā.

parturition : (f.) pasūti. (nt.) vijāyana.

party : (m.) pakkha; vagga; gaṇa; saṅgha.

parvanimity : (f.) anuḷārajjhāsayatā.

parvenu : (n.) samiddhigabbita.

pasquinade : (nt.) upahāsakabba.

pass : (m.) saṅkama; sañcāra; giridugga; gamanāvasara. (v.t.) 1. atikkamati; pāraṃ gacchati; 2. (time : ) khepeti; vītināmeti; 3. anumaññati; aṅgīkaroti. (v.i.) sañcarati. (pp.) atikkanta; pāragata; khepita; vītināmita; anumata; aṅgīkata.

pass away : cavati.

pass by : samīpena yāti; upekkhati.

pass for : maññati; gaṇeti.

pass into : pavisati.

pass off : apeti.

pass on : pavattati.

pass over the limits : atidhāvati.

pass over to : saṅkamati.

pass through : vinivijjhati.

passable : (adj.) gamanakkhama; taraṇakkhama.

passage : (m.) pavesamagga; saṅkama; magga; patha; gamanāvasara; pāṭha. (nt.) vākya.

passe : (adj.) gatayobbana.

passed : atīta; vītivatta.

passenger : (m.) sañcāraka; pariyaṭaka; gamika; addhika.

passer-by : (m.) samīpena gāmī.

passibility : (f.) vedanakkhamatā.

passible : (adj.) vedanakkhama.

passim : (adv.) sabbathā; sabbattha.

passing : (n.) atikkamana; uttaraṇa.

passing away : (nt.) cavana. (m.) accaya.

passion : (m.) 1. rāga; kāma; āsava; 2. kopa; rosa; 3. cittakkhobha.

passional : (adj.) kilesāyatta.

passionate : (adj.) sāraddha; sarosa; kamamucchita; kodhana.

passionately : (adv.) sarāgaṃ; sakopaṃ.

passioness : (f.) kuppanasīlatā.

passionless : (adj.) nikkilesa; anāsava; vītarāga; khīnāsava.

passive : (adj.) 1. udāsīna; nirīha; 2. titkkhaka.

passive voice : (m.) kammakāraka.

passively : (adv.) nirīhakataya.

passiveness : (f.) nirīhatā; sahanasīlatā.

passivity : (f.) nirīhatā.

passport : (nt.) gamanānuññāpaṇṇa.

past : (m.) atītakāla. (adj.) atīta; atikkanta. (adv.) parato; atikkamitvā. He ran past the house, so geham atikkamitvā (or gehassa parato) dhāvi.

paste : (nt.) sannitavatthu. (m.) ālepa. (v.t.) lepeti; lepena ābandhati. (pp.) lepita; lepābaddha.

paste board : (m.) ghanakākacapaṭṭa.

pastil : (f.) sugandhassalākā.

pastille : (f.) sugandhassalākā.

pastime : (f.) vinodakīḷā.

pastor : (m.) devāyatanādhikārī.

pastoral : (adj.) devapūjakāyatta. (nt.) janapadakabba. (adj.) pasupālanāyatta; gocarabhūmyāyatta.

pastry : (m.) piṭṭhāvuta-maṃsādi.

pasture : (f.) gocarabhūmi. (m.) gocara; ghāsa. (v.t.) gocaraṃ gaṇhāpeti; tiṇaṃ khādāpeti. (v.i.) gocaraṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) gaṇhāpitagocara; gahitagocara.

pasture age : (f.) gocarabhūmi.

pasty : (adj.) sannitapiṭṭhasadisa.

pat : (m.) vallabha-jīvī; sanikappahāra. (nt.) parāmasana. (v.t.) sādaraṃ paharati; lāleti; parāmaseti. (pp.) sādaraṃ pahaṭa; lālita; parāmaṭṭha.

patch : (nt.) aggala. (vatthādi-) khaṇḍa. (v.t.) aggalaṃ deti; khaṇḍehi saṅkharoti. (pp.) dinnaggala; khaṇḍasaṅkhata.

patchwork : (m.) khaṇḍasaṃyoga.

patchy : (adj.) aggalabahula.

pate : (nt.) sīsa. (m.) muddhā.

patella : (m.) jāṇuphalaka.

patent : (m.) asādhāraṇādhikāra. (adj.) supākaṭa; laddhabala. (v.t.) visiṭṭhādhikāraṃ labhati. (pp.) laddhavisiṭṭhādikāra.

patentee : (m.) asādhāraṇādhikāralābhī.

patently : (adv.) supākaṭaṃ.

paternal : (adj.) pettika; pitusantaka.

paternal uncle : (m.) cullapitu.

paternity : (m.) pitubhāva; pitudhamma.

path : (m.) magga; patha; pantha; addhā. (nt.) añjasa; ayana || long path: (nt.) addhāna; right path: (m.) supatha; wrong path: (m.) uppatha; kummagga.

path finder : (m.) maggadesaka.

pathetic : (adj.) khedakara; anukampājanaka.

pathetical : (adj.) khedakara; anukampājanaka.

pathetically : (adv.) khedajanakatāya.

pathless : (adj.) apatha; duggama.

pathogenesis : (nt.) roganidāna.

pathogeny : (m.) rogapattharaṇākāra.

pathognomy : (nt.) cittabhāvapā-kaṭīkaraṇa.

pathologist : (m.) rogalakkhaṇaññū.

pathology : (f.) rogalakkhaṇavijjā.

pathos : (m.) karuṇārasa.

patience : (f.) adhivāsanā; khanti; dhiti; khamā.

patient : (m.) rogī; vyādhita. (adj.; m.) adhivāska; sahitu.

patiently : (adv.) adhivāsanapubbakaṃ; nibbikāraṃ.

patina : (nt.) antokhacana.

patinated : (adj.) antokhacita.

patio : (nt.) antogehaṅgaṇa.

patois : (f.) padesīyabhāsā.

patriarch : (m.) kulapati; kulappadhāna; padhānadevapūjaka.

patriarchal : (adj.) kulapativisayaka.

patriarchate : (nt.) kulapatidhura; pūjakācariyadhua.

patriarchy : (m.) kulapatipālanakkama.

patrician : (m.) kulīnajana. (adj.) pālakajanāyatta.

patricidal : (adj.) pitughātanāyatta.

patricide : (m.) pitughāta; pitughātī.

patrimonial : pettikadhanāyatta.

patrimony : (nt.) patudāyajja; pettikadhana.

patriot : (m.) sadesānurāgī.

patriotic : (adj.) desabhattika.

patriotism : (m.) desānurāga.

patrol : (m.) sañcārakarakkhī. (nt.) rakkhāya sañcaraṇa. (v.i.) rakkhaṇāya paribbhamati.

patron : (m.) anuggāhaka; ārakkhaka.

patronage : (m.) anuggaha; paggaha.

patronise : (v.t.) anupāleti; anuggaṇhāti. (pp.) anupālita; anuggahita.

patronymic : (nt.) gottabāma.

patter : see Father.

pattern : (nt.) nidassanarūpa; paṭirūpa. (f.) ākati. (v.t.) ādisiya-rūpāni sampādeti; saṇṭhānāni yojeti.

patulous : (adj.) vitthāriyamāna; vitthiṇṇa.

patulously : (adv.) vitthiṇṇākārena.

patulousness : (f.) vitthiṇṇatā.

paucity : (f.) appatā; thokatā.

paunch : (nt.) udara. (m.) āmāsaya. (v.t.) antāni bahikaroti. (pp.) bahikatanta.

paunchy : (adj.) mahodara.

pauper : (m.) vaṇibbaka; akiñcana.

pauperdom : (nt.) akiñcanatta; daḷiddatta.

pauperise : (v.t.) akiñcanattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) akiñcanattaṃ pāpita.

pauperism : (nt.) akiñcanatta; daḷiddatta.

pause : (m.) virāma; viccheda. (f.) nivatti. (nt.) vyavadhāna. (v.i.) nivattati; vissamati. (pp.) nivattita; vissanta.

pave : (v.t.) silādīhi attharati. (pp.) silādīhi atthata.

pavement : (nt.) nicitaṭṭhāna. (f.) vedikā. (m.) atthatamagga.

paver : (m.) attharaka.

pavilion : (m.) maṇḍapa.

pavonian : (adj.) mayūrasadisa.

paw : (m.) nakhapañjara. (v.t.) nakhapañjarena āhanati. (pp.) nakhapañjarāhata.

pawkily : (adv.) kapaṭākārena.

pawkiness : (nt.) kerāṭiya.

pawky : (adj.) kapaṭa; upāyakusala.

pawn : (m.) nyāsa; upanidhi. (v.t.) nyasati; nikkhipati. (pp.) nyasita; nikkhitta.

pawn broker : (m.) nyāsagāhī; upanidhivohārika.

pawner : (m.) nikkhepaka.

pay : (nt.) vetana. (f.) bhati. (v.t.) vetanavasena deti; nibbisati. (pp.) vetanavasena dinna; nibbiṭṭha.

pay a debt : iṇaṃ sodheti.

pay bill : (nt.) bhatilekhana.

pay honour : sakkaroti; garukaroti. (pp.) sakkata.

pay master : (m.) vetanādhikārī.

pay-day : (m.) vetandivasa.

payable : (adj.) deyya; nittharanīya.

payee : (m.) bhatipaṭigāhī.

payment : (nt.) vetanadāna.

pea : (m.) kalāya; māsa.

peace : (m.) sāma. (f.) santi; sāmaggi.

peaceable : (adj.) sāmakāmī; santa.

peaceful : (adj.) sāmakāmī; santa.

peaceful maker : (n.) paṭisandhātu; sāmaggikara.

peaceful making : (nt.) samaggikaraṇa.

peaceful officer : (m.) samarakkhaka.

peacefully : (adv.) santākārena; sāmaggiyā.

peacefulness : (f.) samakāmitā; santatā.

peacock : (m.) mayūra; mora; sikhaṇḍī; nīlagīva. (v.i.) 1. uddhato carati; 2. asantaṃ dasseti || tail of a peacock: (nt.) bariha; morapiñja || cry of a peacock: (f.) kekā.

peahen : (f.) mayūrī.

peak : (nt.) kūṭa; girisikhara.

peaked : (adj.) sikharayutta.

peaky : (adj.) niccātura.

peal : (m.) unnāda; ghaṇṭārava. (v.i.) nadati; ravati. (v.t.) nādeti; saddāyati. (pp.) nadita; ravita; nādita; saddāyita.

pearl : (f.) muttā || string of pearl: (f.) muttāvali.

pearl oyster : (f.) suttikā.

pearly : (adj.) muttāsadisa. (v.t.) bindūni vikirati. (pp.) vikiṇṇabinduka.

peasant : (m.) jānapadika; kassaka.

peasantry : (m.) kassakagaṇa.

pebble : (m.) upala; guḷapāsāṇa.

pebbly : (adj.) upalākiṇṇa.

peccable : (adj.) pāpaninna; pāpāsaya.

peccadillo : (m.) aṇumatta-dosa.

peccancy : (f.) pāpakāritā.

peccant : (adj.) pāpī; dummatika.

peccavi : (f.) āpattidesanā. (nt.) sakadosāvīkaraṇa.

peck : (m.) doṇa-pāda. (nt.) nitudana. (v.t.) tudati; tuṇḍenāhanati; uñchati. (pp.) tudita; tuṇḍenāhata; uñchita.

pecker : (m.) vitudaka; kaṭṭhatudaka.

pecking : (nt.) sakkharākhipana.

peckish : (adj.) bubhukkhita.

pectoral : (m.) vibhūsita-uracchada. (adj.) urarogopasamaka.

peculate : (v.t.) theyyacittena gaṇhāti. (pp.) theyyacittena gahaṇa.

peculiar : (adj.) asādhāraṇa; visiṭṭhaha; puggalika; paccattika.

peculiarity : (nt.) asādhāraṇatta; visiṭṭhatta; puggalikatta.

peculiarly : (adv.) visesena; visesato.

pecuniary : (adj.) mūlanissita; dhanāyatta.

pedagogue : (m.) paṇḍītamānī; attukkhaṃsaka.

pedant : (m.) paṇḍītamānī; attukkhaṃsaka.

pedantic : (adj.) paṇḍitamānagabbita.

pedantry : (m.) paṇḍitamāna.

pedate : (adj.) pādasahita.

peddle : (v.i.) 1. vāṇijjāya āhiṇḍati; 2. appamattakāya kilamati.

peddler : (m.) kacchapuṭavāṇija.

pedestal : (f.) bhūmikā; patiṭṭhā. (m.) mūlādhāra.

pedestrian : (m.) padika; pathika; pattika; addhagū.

pedestrianism : (nt.) padagamana.

pedicel : (nt.) khuddakavaṇṭa.

pedicle : (nt.) khuddakavaṇṭa; pādasaṅkhalikā.

pedicular : (adj.) ūkākiṇṇa.

pediculation : (f.) pādatikicchā.

pedigree : (f.) vaṃsāvali; anvayalekhā.

pedlar : (m.) kacchapuṭavāṇija.

pedlary : (f.) kaccapuṭavaṇijjā.

pedometer : (nt.) padapāta-māṇakayanta.

peduncle : (nt.) vaṇṭa. (m.) nāḷa; daṇḍa.

peduncular : (adj.) vaṇṭākāra.

peek : see Peep.

peel : (f.) jalli. (m.) taca. (v.t.) vitacchati; vipāṭeti; tacam apaneti. (pp.) vitacchita; vipāṭita; panīta-taca.

peeler : (m.) tacchaka.

peeling : (nt.) tacāpaharaṇa.

peelless : (adj.) asama; appaṭipuggala; atulya; anupama.

peep : (v.i.) 1. nilīyitvā or paṭicchanno aloketi; 2. sanikam upagacchati; 3. kūjati. (pp.) paṭicchanno olokita; sanikam upagata; kūjita. (nt.) nilīyitvā olokana; kūjana; paṭhamadassana. (m.) udaya.

peer : (m.) samapadaṭṭha; mahākulapabhava. (v.i.) samataṃ yāti. (v.t.) kulīnattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) kulīnattaṃ pāpita.

peerage : (nt.) mahākulikatta.

peerish : (adj.) kalahappiya; duṭṭhapakatika.

peerishly : (adv.) duṭṭhākārena.

peerishness : (f.) kodhabahulatā.

peg : (nt.) nāgadantaka; dārukīla. (v.t.) nāgadante olambeti; kīlehi saṅghaṭeti. (pp.) nāgadante olambita; kīlehi saṅghaṭita.

pejoration : (f.) avaññā; ohīlanā.

pelagian : (adj.) 1. sāmuddika; samuddāyatta; 2. samudde pavattāpita.

pelagic : (adj.) 1. sāmuddika; samuddāyatta; 2. samudde pavattāpita.

pelf : (nt.) mūla; dhana.

pelican : (m.) udakakukkuṭa.

pell-mell : (nt.) saṅkulatta. (adj.) saṅkinna. (adv.) asamekkha; ayathākkamaṃ; saṅkiṇṇatāya.

pellet : (f.) guḷikā. (v.t.) guḷikāhi āhanati. (pp.) guḷikāhi āhata.

pellicle : (m.) tanu-taca.

pellucid : (adj.) nimmala; vimala; pasanna.

pellucidness : (nt.) nimmalatta.

pelt : (nt.) khipana; paharaṇa; aparimaddita-camma. (v.t.) abhihanati; khipati; (āyudhehi) paharati. (pp.) abhihata; khitta; pahaṭa.

pelt monger : (m.) cammavāṇija.

pelvis : (m.) vaccamagga.

pen : (f.) lekhanī. (m.) vaja. (v.t.) 1. vaje orundhati; 2. likhati; nibandhaṃ sampādeti. (pp.) vaje oruddha; likhita; sampāditanibandha.

penal : (adj.) daṇḍanāyatta; daṇḍakammāraha.

penal code : (f.) daṇḍanīti.

penalise : (v.t.) daṇḍārahaṃ karoti.

penalty : (nt.) daṇḍana. (m.) niggaha.

penance : (m.) tapa; attakilamatha. (nt.) tapacaraṇa. (v.t.) tapacaraṇe niyojeti. (pp.) tapacaraṇe niyojita.

penchant : (f.) poṇatā; ninnatā; abhilāsā.

pencil : (f.) abbhakalekhanī; cittakāra-tūlikā. (v.t.) vaṭṭikāya likhati. (pp.) vaṭṭikāya likhita.

pendant : (nt.) olambakā-bharaṇa; kuṇḍalābharaṇa. (f.) urabhūsā. (adj.) lambamāna; dolāyamāna.

pending : (adj.) avinicchita; aniṭṭhita. (prep.) yāva.

pendulate : (v.i.) dolāyati; anavaṭṭhito hoti. (pp.) dolāyita; anavaṭthita.

penduline : (adj.) olambamāna; dolāyamāna.

pendulous : (adj.) olambamāna; dolāyamāna.

pendulum : (m.) lambaka; loladaṇḍa.

penetralia : (m.) abbhantarimagabbha. (nt.) abbhantaracetiya.

penetrate : (v.t.) pariyogāhati; vinivijjhati; paṭivijjhati. (pp.) pariyogāḷha; vinividdha; paṭividdha.

penetrating : (adj.) pariyogāhaka; vinivijjhaka.

penetration : (nt.) vinivijjhana; pariyogāhaṇa.

penetrative : (adj.) pariyogāhaka; vinivijjhaka.

peninsula : (m.) dīpappāyadesa.

penis : (nt.) purisaliṅga; mehana.

penitence : (m.) anutāpa; pacchātāpa.

penitent : (adj.; m.) anutāpī.

penitentiary : (m.) tapa niyāmakādhikārī; paṭisaṅkharaṇāpekkha-nivāsa.

penknife : (f.) khuddakasattha.

penman : (m.) lekhaka; lipikāra.

penmanship : (f.) lekhane dakkhatā.

penname : (nt.) lipi-rūḷhanāma.

pennant : (f.) patākā.

penniform : (adj.) pakkhipattākāra.

penniless : (adj.) niddhana; akiñcana.

pennon : (m.) dīgha-dhaja.

penny : (m.) māsaka.

pennyroyal : (m.) sugandhasākavisesa.

pennywise : (adj.) mandabuddhika; appamattarakkhaka.

pennyworth : (adj.) māsakagghanaka.

penologist : (m.) kārāpālanakovida.

penology : (nt.) kārāpālanañāṇa.

pension : (nt.) vissāmavetana. (v.t.) vissāmavetanaṃ deti. (pp.) dinnavissāmavetana.

pensionable : (adj.) vissāmavetanāraha.

pensioner : (m.) vissāmavetanalābhī.

pensive : (adj.) jhāyaka; cintāpara.

pensively : (adv.) jhāyanapubbakaṃ.

pensiveness : (f.) cintāparatā.

penstock : (nt.) niddhamanadvāra.

pent : (adj.) oruddha; rodhita.

pentachord : (adj.) pañcatantika.

pentad : (nt.) pañcaka.

pentagon : (nt.) pañcakoṇakavatthu.

pentagonal : (adj.) pañcakoṇayutta.

penultimate : (adj.) upantabhūta. (nt.) antakkharato purimakkhara.

penumbra : (f.) (candagāhādisu) upacchāyā.

penurious : (adj.) 1. daḷidda; niddhana; 2. luddha; kadariya.

penury : (nt.) dāḷiddiya; niddhanatta.

peon : (m.) pesanakara; paheṇaka.

people : (f.) janatā; pajā. (m.) mahājana. (v.t.) janāvāsaṃ karoti; manusse nivāseti. (pp.) janāvāsakata; nivāsitamanussa.

pepper : (nt.) kolaka; goḷamarica.

peppery : (adj.) 1. kaṭuka; tikhiṇa; 2. maricabahula.

pepsin : (f.) udare pācakoja.

peptic : (adj.) pācakaggidīpaka.

per : (prep.) 1. vasena; anu; 2. anūnaṃ; paripuṇṇaṃ.

per annum : (adv.) vassavasena; anuvaccharaṃ.

per cent : (adv.) satabhāgavasena.

peracute : (adj.) atitikhiṇa.

peradventure : (adv.) kadāci; karahaci.

perambulate : (v.t.) anupariyāti; padakkhiṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) anupariyāta; padakkhiṇaṃ kata.

perambulation : (nt.) pariyāhiṇḍana.

perambulator : (m.) anupariyāyī.

perambulatory : (adj.) pariyāhiṇḍaka; paribbhamaka.

perceive : (v.t.) vijānāti; samanupassati; paccakkhaṃ karoti. (pp.) viññāta; samanupassita; paccakkhaṃ kata.

perceiver : (m.) boddhu; ñātu.

percentage : (f.) 1. sataṃsasaṅkhayā; 2. paṭisataṃ gaṇānā || ten percent: (m.; plu.) dasa satamabhāga.

percept : (nt.) ālambana; āramaṇa. (f.) vijānana.

perceptible : (adj.) veditabba; indriyagocara.

perceptibly : (adv.) paccakkhaṃ.

perception : (f.) saññā. (nt.) vijānana.

perceptive : (adj.) bujjhanasīla; bujjhanakkhama; visayagāhaka.

perch : (f.) pakkhivāsayaṭṭhi. (nt.) ekādasaratanikamāṇa. (v.i.) nilīyati; yaṭṭhiyaṃ nisīdati. (pp.) nilīna; yaṭṭhiyaṃ nisinna.

perchance : (adv.) kadāci; kismiñci kāle.

percipience : (m.) visayagāha. (f.) bujjhanakkhamatā.

percipient : (adj.; n.) visayagāhī; bujjhanakkhama.

percolate : (v.i.) parisavati; binduvasena sandati. (v.t.) parissāveti. (pp.) parisavita; binduvasena sandita; parissāvita.

percolation : (nt.) parisavana.

percolator : (m.) parissāvaka. (nt.) parissāvana.

percuss : (v.t.) (aṅguliādīhi) sanikam āhanati. (pp.) sanikam āhata.

percussion : (nt.) saṅghaṭṭana. (m.) paṭighāta.

perdiem : (adv.) anudivasaṃ.

perdition : (f.) mahāvipatti; apāyuppatti.

perdu : (adj.) gūḷha; paṭicchanna.

perdue : (adj.) gūḷha; paṭicchanna.

perdurability : (f.) ciraṭṭhitikatā.

perdurable : (adj.) ciraṭṭhāyī.

peregrinate : (v.i.) āhiṇḍati; sañcarati.

peregrination : (nt.) āhiṇḍana; sañcaraṇa.

peregrine : (adj.; n.) videsāgata; videsānīta.

peremptorily : (adv.) sunicchitākārena; avassaṃ.

peremptory : (adj.) sunicchita; avisaṅkiya; anullaṅghiya.

perennial : (adj.) sakalasaṃvaccha-raṭṭhāyī; nirantara.

perenniality : (nt.) nirantaratta.

perennially : (adv.) nirantaraṃ; satataṃ; niccaṃ.

perfect : (adj.; n.) anūna; sampuṇṇa; paripuṇṇa; avikala. (v.t.) paripūreti; avikalīkaroti. (pp.) paripūrita; avikalīkata.

perfect tense : (f.) parokkhā vibhatti.

perfecter : (m.) sampūraka.

perfection : (nt.) paripūraṇa. (f.) pāripūri; saṃsiddhi; nipphatti; sampuṇṇatā.

perfective : (adj.) siddhikara; paripūraka.

perfectly : (adv.) sampuṇṇaṃ; asesaṃ; nissesaṃ.

perfectness : (nt.) anūnatta; kevalaparipuṇṇatta.

perfervid : (adj.) atigāḷha; atibāḷha.

perfervidly : (adv.) atigāḷhaṃ.

perfidious : (adj.) asaccasandha; vissāsaghātī.

perfidiously : (adv.) dubbhitāya; vissāsaghātena.

perfidy : (m.) paṭiññābhaṅga; vissāsaghāta.

perforate : (v.t.) vinivijjhati. (pp.) vinividdha.

perforation : (nt.) vijjhana; vinivijjhana.

perforator : (f.) vedhanī.

perforce : (adv.) balakkārena; passayha; avassatāya.

perform : (v.t.) sādheti; karoti; pavatteti. (v.i.) naccati. (pp.) sādhita; kata; pavattita; naccita.

perform a dance : naccaṃ payojeti or pavatteti.

performance : (nt.) 1. ācaraṇa; vattana; sampādana; 2. naccana.

performer : (m.) 1. sampādaka; sādhaka; 2. naṭa; raṅgakāra.

perfumatory : (adj.) sugandhakara.

perfume : (m.) sugandha; surabhi; vāsa. (v.t.) parivāseti; surabhayati. (pp.) parivāsita; surabhayita.

perfume chest : (nt.) gandhakaraṇḍaka.

perfume dealer : (m.) gandhika; gandhājīvī.

perfumer : (m.) gandhika; gandhājīvī.

perfumery : (m.) 1. gandhāpaṇa; 2. gandhasambhāra.

perfuming : (nt.) gandhavāsana.

perfunctorily : (adv.) anavadhānena; siyā.

perfunctory : (adj.) asakkaccakārī; nirussāha; nirīha.

perfuse : (v.t.) siñcati; upasiñcati; ajjhottharati. (pp.) sitta; upasitta; ajjhotthaṭa.

pergola : (m.) latāchannapatha.

perhaps : (adv.) app'eva; kadāci; kismiñci kāle; siyā.

peri : (f.) vanadevatā.

periapt : (m.) ārakkhā-kavaca.

pericarditis : (m.) hadayapaṭala-roga.

pericarp : (f.) kaṇṇikā. (m.) bījakosa.

pericranium : (nt.) sīsakapālacamma.

peril : (m.) antarāya; upaddava. (v.t.) upaddaveti; antarāyaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) upadduta; antarāyaṃ pāpita.

perilous : (adj.) antarāyakara; sopaddava; sappaṭibhaya.

perilously : (adv.) sāsaṅkaṃ; sāntarāyaṃ; sopaddavatāya.

perimeter : (m.) pariṇāha.

period : (m.) samaya; kālantara; addha; virāmakāla. (nt.) yuga; addhāna; virāmalakkhaṇa.

period of fasting : (m.) phaggu; uposatha.

periodic : (adj.) sāmayika; anukālika. (m.) kālikasaṅghaha. (nt.) sāmayika-paṇṇa.

periodically : (adv.) kālenakālaṃ.

periodicity : (f.) sāmayikatā; kālānugatatā.

peripatetic : (adj.) pariyaṭaka; paribbājaka; aniyatavāsa.

periphery : (m.) paridhi; bāhirāvaṭṭa.

periphrase : (f.) vaṅkutti. (nt.) vācābāhulla. (v.t.) vaṅkuttiyā pakāseti. (pp.) vaṅkuttiyā pakāsita.

periphrasis : (f.) vaṅkutti. (nt.) vācābāhulla.

periphrastic : (adj.) vācābahula.

perish : (v.i.) nassati; vinassati; khayaṃ or vilayaṃ yāti. (v.t.) vināseti. (pp.) naṭṭha; vinaṭṭha; kayaṅgata; vināsita.

perishable : (adj.) bhaṅgura; khayadhamma; nassanasabhāva.

perishableness : (nt.) bhaṅguratta.

perishingly : (adv.) asahanīyākārena.

peristalsis : (f.) antānaṃ bhojana-haraṇasatti.

peristyle : (f.) parivāraka-thambhapanti.

peritoneum : (nt.) kucchipaṭala; antāvaraṇa.

perjure : (v.t.) micchā sapati; kūṭasakkhī hoti. (pp.) micchā sapita; kūṭasakkhī bhūta.

perjurer : (m.) micchāsapathakārī; kūṭasakkhika.

perjurious : (adj.) micchāsapathakara.

perjuriously : (adv.) micchāsapanena.

perjury : (nt.) micchāsapana.

perk : (v.i.) uddhato pakkhandati.

perky : (adj.) abhimānī; sappagabbha.

permanence : (nt.) niccatta; thāvaratta; dhuvatta.

permanency : (nt.) niccatta; thāvaratta; dhuvatta.

permanent : (adj.) nicca; dhuva; thāvara; avikopiya.

permanently : (adv.) niccavasena; dhuvattena.

permeability : (f.) pariyādānakkhamatā.

permeable : (adj.) pariyādanakkhama.

permeate : (v.t.) vyāpeti; pariyādiyati. (pp.) vyāpita; pariyādinna.

permeation : (nt.) sabbavyāpana; pariyādāna.

permissible : (adj.) anuññātabba; anuññeyya.

permission : (f.) anuññā; anumati. (nt.) okāsakamma.

permissive : (adj.) anujānaka; okāsakara.

permit : (f.) anuññā. (nt.) anumatipaṇṇa. (v.t.) anujānāti; anumaññati; okāsaṃ karoti. (pp.) anuññāta; anumata; katokāsa.

permutable : (adj.) viparivattanāraha; vinimeyya.

permutation : (nt.) viparivattana; aññathākara. (m.) vinimaya.

permute : (v.t.) 1. viparivatteti; aññathā karoti; 2. vinimeti. (pp.) viparivattia; aññathā kata; vinimita.

pernicious : (adj.) apakāraka; anatthāvaha; nāsakara.

perniciously : (adv.) savināsaṃ; sāpakāraṃ; anatthāvahatāya.

pernoctation : (nt.) sabbarattijāgaraṇa.

perorate : (v.t.) kathaṃ (samodhānetvā) osapeti.

peroration : (nt.) kathāsamodhāna; kathapariyosāna.

perpend : (v.t.) vitakketi; saṅkappeti. (pp.) vitakkita; saṅkappita.

perpendicular : (adj.) ujulambamāna.

perpendicularly : (adv.) ujulambākārena.

perpetrate : (v.t.) duṭṭhakammam ācarati; aparajjhati. (pp.) ācaritaduṭṭhakamma; aparaddha.

perpetration : (nt.) duṭṭhācaraṇa.

perpetrator : (m.) dukkatakārī; durācārī.

perpetual : (adj.) avicchinna; satatappavatta; nirantara.

perpetually : (adv.) satataṃ; avicchinnaṃ.

perpetuate : (v.t.) avicchinnaṃ pavatteti; thirīkaroti. (pp.) avicchinnaṃ pavattita; thirīkata.

perpetuity : (f.) avicchinnatā; niccapavatti.

perplex : (v.t.) sambhameti; moheti. (pp.) sambhamita; mohita.

perplexing : (adj.) vikkhepaka; sammohaka.

perplexity : (f.) vimati; vicikicchā. (m.) sandeha. (nt.) dveḷhaka.

perquisite : (m.) atirekalābha.

persecute : (v.t.) vyathati; pīḷeti; vadhaṃ niyameti. (pp.) vyathita; pīḷeta; niyamitavadha.

persecution : (nt.) hiṃsana; daṇḍana; vadhaniyamana.

persecutor : (m.) vadhaka; hiṃsaka.

perseverance : (m.) viriyārambha; paggaha. (f.) sātaccakiriyā; anikkhitadhuratā; appaṭivānitā.

persevere : (v.i.) padahati; parakkamati; viriyam ārabhati or na ossajati; na olīyati. (pp.) padahita; parakkanta; āraddhaviriya; anossaṭṭhaviriya.

persevering : (adj.) pahitatta; daḷhaparakkama.

perseveringly : (adv.) sātaccakiriyāya.

Persia : (m.) pāsasikadesa.

persiflage : (m.) muduparihāsa.

persimmon : (m.) mahākhajjūrī-visesa.

persist : (v.i.) nibaddhakārī or akkhaṇḍakārī hoti.

persistence : (f.) sātaccakiriyā; appamādita.

persistent : (adj.) sātaccakārī; niccappavattaka.

persistently : (adv.) sanibandhaṃ; daḷhaṃ.

persistive : (adj.) anolīna; akhaṇḍanasīla; avirata.

person : (m.) puggala; jana; (in gram : ) purisa. (nt.) sarīra.

personable : (adj.) abhirūpa.

personage : (m.) seṭṭhapurisa.

personal : (adj.) puggalika; ajjhattika.

personalise : (v.t.) sacetanattaṃ āropeti. (pp.) āropita-sacetanatta.

personality : (nt.) puggalikatta.

personally : (adv.) sayameva; attanā va; pāṭipuggalikaṃ.

personate : (v.t.) aññassa vesaṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) gahitaññavesa.

personation : (nt.) paravesadhāraṇa.

personification : (nt.) cetanāropaṇa.

personify : (v.t.) sacetanattaṃ āropeti. (pp.) āropita-sacetanatta.

personnel : (m.) sabhikagaṇa. (nt.) kicca-kārīmaṇḍala.

perspective : (nt.) dūradassana-cittakamma; manodassana. (adj.) dūradassaka.

perspectively : (adv.) dūradassakākārena.

perspicacious : (adj.) dīghadassī.

perspicacity : (f.) dīghadassitā.

perspicuity : (nt.) visadatta; pākaṭatta.

perspicuous : (adj.) visada; vibhūta; supākaṭa.

perspicuously : (adv.) visadākārena; supākaṭaṃ.

perspirable : (adj.) sedajanaka; sedamocanopakāraka.

perspiration : (m.) seda. (nt.) sedana.

perspiratory : (adj.) sedamocha.

perspire : (v.i.) sedo muccati. (v.t.) sedaṃ moceti. (pp.) muttaseda; sedamocita.

persuade : (v.t.) anuneti; upalāleti; palobheti. (pp.) anunīta; upalālita; palobhita.

persuader : (m.) upalālaka; palobhaka.

persuasion : (nt.) upalālana; palobhana; āyācana.

pert : (adj.) sappagabbha; paṭu; dakkha. (adv.) sappabbhaṃ; paṭutāya.

pertain : see belong.

pertinacious : (adj.) ādhānagāhī; daḷhadiṭṭhika.

pertinaciously : (adv.) ādhānagāhitāya.

pertinacity : (m.) daḷhagāha; abhinivesa.

pertinence : (nt.) anukūlatta; ocitya; yoggatta.

pertinent : (adj.) anucchavika; ucita; sambhaddha; anukūla.

pertinently : (adv.) avirodhena; ucitākārena; anukūlatāya.

pertness : (nt.) pāgabbhiya; pāṭava; kosalla.

perturb : (v.t.) saṅkhobheti; vyākulayati. (pp.) saṅkhobhita; vyākulita.

perturbation : (m.) saṅkhobha. (nt.) ākulatta.

perturbed : (adj.) khubhita; vyākula.

peruke : (m.) kittima-kesakalāpa.

perusal : (nt.) sammāvācana.

peruse : (v.t.) sammā paṭhati; samāhito vāceti. (pp.) sammā paṭhita; samāhito cita.

pervade : (v.t.) vyāpeti; pharati; pariyādiyati; ajjhottharati. (pp.) vyāpita; phuṭa; pariyādinna; ajjhotthaṭa.

pervading : (adj.) vyāpaka; pharaṇaka.

pervasion : (nt.) pharaṇa; vyāpana. (m.) vipphāra.

pervasive : (adj.) abhivyāpaka; anupharaka.

pervasively : (adv.) abhivyāpetvā; pharaṇena.

perverse : (adj.) viparīta; paṭiloma; anassava; dubbaca; duddamma.

perversely : (adv.) paṭilomaṃ; dubbacatāya.

perversion : (m.) vipallāsa; vipariyāsa. (nt.) dubbacatta. (f.) micchāpaṭipatti.

perversity : (m.) vipallāsa; vipariyāsa. (nt.) dubbacatta. (f.) micchāpaṭipatti.

perversive : (adj.) vipallāsakārī; durupayogī.

pervert : (v.t.) 1. viparivatteti; vipallāseti; 2. micchāpaṭipajjati. (pp.) viparivattita; vipallāsita; micchāpaṭipanna.

pervious : (adj.) suppavesiya; pavesadāyī.

perviousness : (nt.) suppavesiyatta.

pesky : (adj.) pīḷāvaha.

pessimism : (m.) sabbāsubhavāda.

pessimist : (m.) sabbāsubhavādī.

pest : (m.) māraka-vyādhi; paḷibodha; papañca.

pest house : (nt.) opasaggikarogāyatana.

pester : (m.) pīḷaka; bādhaka. (v.t.) pīḷeti; bādheti; viheṭheti. (pp.) pīḷita; bādhita; viheṭhita.

pestiferous : (adj.) opasaggika; saṅkantika; pāṇahara.

pestilence : (nt.) rogavyasana. (m.) mārakaroga.

pestilent : (adj.) 1. pāṇahara; māraka; 2. hiṃsākara; 3. guṇanāsaka.

pestle : (m.) musala. (v.t.) (musalena) koṭṭeti. (p.p) koṭṭita.

pet : (m.) piyasatta.(nt.) piyavatthu. (v.t.) lāleti. (pp.) lālita.

petal : (nt. (puppha-)dala.

petal shaped : (adj.) dalākāra.

petaliod : (adj.) dalākāra.

petalous : (adj.)bahudalayutta.

petard : (nt.) dvārugghāṭakayanta.

peter : (v.i.) niṭṭhāti; osānaṃ pāpuṇāti. (pp.) niṭṭhita; osānappatta.

petiole : (m.) pattanāla; pattanahāru.

petition : (nt.) āyācanapaṇṇa. (f.) abhiyācanā; patthanaā. (v.t.) abhiyācati; abhipattheti. (p.p) abhiyācita; abhipatthita.

petitioner : (m.) abhiyācaka; āyācaka.

petographer : (m.) pāsāṇasambhavavidū.

petrifaction : (nt.) pāsāṇīkarana; santhambhanai.

petrify : (v.t.) pāsāṇīkaroti; santhambheti. (pp.) pāsāṇīkata; santhambhita.

petroglyph : (nt.) silāvaḍḍhakīkamma; pāsāṇīcittakamma.

petrograph : (f.) silālekhā; silālipi.

petrography : (f.) pāsāṇasambhava-vijjā.

petrol : sodhita-khaṇijatela. (v.t.) khaṇijatelaṃ yojeti. (p.p) khaṇijatelaṃ yojita.

petroleum : (nt.) bhūmijatela.

petrology : (f.) silāvijjā.

petrous : (adj.) pāsāṇasadisa.

petticoat : itthantaravāsaka. (ādj) nārīgatika.

pettifog : (v.t.) appamattake vivadati.

pettifogger : (m.) ittara-nītividū.

pettiness : (nt.) appamattakatta.

pettish : (adj) kakasa; kodhana.

pettishly : (adv.) sābhissaṅgaṃ.

petty : (adj.) appaka; lahuka; appamattaka.

petulant : (adj.) kodhana; upāyāsabahula.

pew : (nt.) (devāyatane) puggalaikāsana.

pewit : (m.) dindibha; kikī.

pewter : (kaṃsaloha.

phalange : (nt.) senāmukha; pūgabandhana; vaggabandhana.

phalanx : (nt.) senāmukha; pūgabandhana; vaggabandhana.

phallus : (nt.) liṅgasaṭhāna; liṇgarūpa.

phallusic : (adj.) liṅgāyatta.

phantasm : (nt.) bhūtadassana; manonimmāna; matapuggala-dassana.

phantasmagoria : (nt.) calarūpadassana.

phantasmal : (adj.) bhūtadasanāyatta.

phantasmally : (adv.) bhūtadassanavasena.

phantom : (m.) bhūta; pisāca. (nt.) manomayarūpa.

phantomatic : (adj.) obhāsanissita; māyāmaya.

phantomic : (adj.) obhāsanissita; māyāmaya.

pharayngitis : (m.) kaṇṭhaggadāha.

Pharisee : (m.) dhammānuvatti; kuhaka; kūṭatāpasa

pharmaceutical : (adj.) osadhavidhāna-visayaka.

pharmaceutics : (nt.) osadhasampādana.

pharmaceutist : (m.) osadhasampādaka.

pharmacist : (m.) osadhavāṇija.

pharmacography : (f.) osadhavaṇṇanā.

pharmacologist : (m.) osadhappabhedavidū.

pharmacology : (f.) osadhasampādana-vijjā.

pharmacopoeia : (m.) osadhanighaṇḍu.

pharmacy : (nt.) osadhasampādana. (f.) bhesajjasālā. (m.) osadhalay.

pharos : (nt.) nāvikadīpāgāra. (m.) padīpatthambha.

pharynx : (nt.) sāsanāḷa-kaṇṭhantara.

phase : (f.) candakalā; dissamānākāra.

pheasant : (m.) vanakukkuṭa; jīvañjīvaka.

phenix : (m.) misarapurāvuttagata-mahāpakkhī.

phenomenal : (adj.) acchariyāvaha.

phenomenon : (m.) diṭṭhivisaya. (nt.) dassana; abbhuta.

phew : (interj) dhiratthu!

phial : (m.) kācatumba.

philander : (v.i.) sārattākārena carati; penaṃ bandhati. (pp) baddhapema.

philanderer : (m.) lahu-pemadassaka; itthivallabha.

philanthropic : (adj.) parahitakamī; lokanukampī.

philanthropist : (m.) parāhitākārī; lokatthacārī; parānukampī.

philanthropy : (f.) parahitakāmitā; lokānukampā; lokatthacariya.

philately : (nt.) sāsanamuddā-sañcinana.

philatelist : (m.) sāsanamuddā-visesavidū; muddāsaṃhāraka.

philharmonic : (adj.) saṅgītappiya.

philippic : (f.) manmacchedakavacā.

philological : (adj.) neruttika.

philologist : (m.) bhāsātattaññū.

philology : (nt.) niruttisattha.

philomath : vijjāpiya.

philomathy : (f.) sutappiyatā.

philosopher : (m.) ajjhattadhammavidū.

philosophical : (adj.) tattañāṇāyatta.

philosophically : (adv.)ñāṇadassanānurūpena; ñāyānusārena.

philosophise : (v.t.) yathāsabhāvaṃnirūpeti.

philosophy : (nt.) tattañña; ñayasattha.

philotechnic : (adj.) kalābhirata.

philter : (nt.) vasīkaraṇosadha.

philtre : (nt.) vasīkaraṇosadha.

phiz : (nt.) mukhavaṇṇa.

phlebitis : (m.)dhammanīdāha.

phlebotomise : (v.t.) rudhiraṃ sāveti. (pp.) sāvitarudhira.

phlebotomy : (nt.) (arogatāya) rudhirasāvaṇa.

phlegm : (m.) semha; kapha.

phlegmagogic : (adj.) semhanāsaka.

phlegmatic : (adj.) semhādhika; semhājanaka; anussuka.

phlegmy : (adj.) semhayutta; nirīhaka.

phoenix : (m.) misarapurāvuttagata-mahāpakkhī.

phonate : (v.i.) uccāreti. (pp) uccārita.

phonation : (nt.) uccāraṇa.

phone : (m.) ekassarassadda. (see) telephone.

phonetic : (adj.) saddavisayaka; vācānissita.

phonetically : (adv.) saravijjāvasena.

phonetics : (f.; plu.) saravijjā.

phonetist : (m.) saravijjāvidū.

phonic : (adj.) saddavisayaka; sarāyatta.

phonogram : (nt.) saddānugatalakkhaṇa.

phonograph : (f.) sarānugatalipi. (nt.) saddavāhakayanta.

phonography : (m.) saralekhanakkama.

phonologically : (adv.) saravijjāvasena.

phonologist : (m.)saravijjāvidū.

phonology : (f.) saravijjā.

phosphoresce : (v.i.) aggiṃ vinādippati; andhakāre dippati.

phosphorescent : (adj.) andhakāre dippamāna.

phosphorus : (nt.) pakāsada rasāyana.

photograph : (nt.) chāyārūpa.

photographer : (m.) chāyārūpasippī.

photographic : (adj.) chāyārūpāyatta.

photography : (nt.) chāyārūpasippa.

phrase : (nt.) khaṇḍavākya. (m.) racanāvidhi. (f.) bhāsārīti. (m.) upadesapāṭha. (v.t.) pakāseti; vākyāniracayati.

phrase monger : (m.) sundarapāṭhagavesi.

phraseology : (f.) vākyaracanā. (m.) racanāvidhi.

phrenetic : see frantic.

phrenologist : (m.) kapālalakkhaṇaññū.

phrenology : (f.) sīsakapālavijjā.

phthisis : (m.) khayaroga.

physic : (f.) tikicchā. (nt.) vejjakamma; bhesajja. (f.; plu.) rūpadhātuvijjā. (nt.) padatthasattha. (pp) tikicchita.

physical : (adj.) sārīrika; rūpamaya; osadhiya.

physically : (adv.) dehabalena; dhātuvasena.

physician : (m.) vejja; bhisakka.

physicist : rūpadhammavidū; padatthasatthaññū.

physiognomist : (m.) aṅgavijjāvidū.

physiognomy : (f.) aṅgavijjā.

physiography : (f.) mahābhūtavaṇṇanā; bhūvaṇṇanā.

physiologist : (m.) jīvavijjāvedī.

physiology : (f.) jīvavijjā; bhūtagāmavujjā.

physique : (nt.) sarīrasaṇṭhāna; dehalakkhaṇa.

piacular : (adj.)Paṭikammāyatta;dosahāpaka.

pianist : (m.) turiyavisesavādaka.

piano : (m.) turiyavisesa.

piazza : (m.) bhūmippadesa; ālinda.

pibroch : (m.) saṅgāma-kāhalanāda.

pica : (m.) khuddaka-muddākkharavisesa.

picaroon : (m.) samuddacora; vilumpaka. (v.i.) vilumpati.(p.p) vilutta.

piccaninny : (m.) dāraka; bālaka. (adj.) atikhuddaka.

pick : (f.) khaṇittī; dantasodhanī. (nt.) uñchana. (v.t)) ocināti; samāharati; uccināti; uñchati; tuṇdena gaṇhāti. (pp.) ocita; samāhaṭa; uccinita; uñchita; tuṇdena gaṇhāti.

pick a back : (adv.) khandhe āropetvā.

pick a bone : visuṃ karoti.

pick a pocket : (f.) gaṇṭhiṃ chindati.

pick a quarrel : (f.) kalaham ārabhati.

pick axe : (f.) pāsāṇadāraṇī.

pick off : thokathokaṃ bhuñjati.

pick out : uddharati; niharati.

pick pocket : (m.) gaṇthibbedakacora.

pick tooth : (f.) dantasūci.

picket : (m.) sūla : saṅku. (nt.) chandagahaṇa. (v.t.) sūlehi āvaraṭi; rakkhīgumbaṃṭhapeti. (pp.) āvaṭa; thapita.

picking : (nt.) uddharaṇa; tudana

pickle : (m.) bilaṅgasūpa. (v.t.) bilaṅgena yojeti. (pp.) bilaṅgayojita.

picksome : (adj.) dutappiya.

picnic : (f.) vanakīḷā. (nt.) kīḷābhojana.

pictorial : (adj.) cittakammāyatta; chāyārūpasahita.

pictresqueness : (nt.) dassanīyatta; vicittatta

picture : (nt.) cittakamma. paṭirūpa. (v.t.) āloceti; manasikaroti; citteti; ālikkhati. (pp) ālocita; manasikata; cittita; ālikkhita.

picture frame : (nt.) cittāvaraṇa. (m.) cittādhāra.

picture gallery : (nt.) cittāgāra

picture maker : (m.) cittakāra.

picturesque : (adj) vicitta; dassanīya.

picturesquely : (adv.) dassanīyākārena.

pie : (nt.)pakkhivisesa; piṭṭhāvuta-bhojana.

piebald : (adj.) kammāsa; sabala; vividhavaṇṇa.

piece : (m.) khaṇḍa; koṭṭhāsa. (f.) sakalikā. (v.t.) saṃyojeti; ghaṭeti; samodhāneti. (pp) saṃyojita; ghaṭita; samodhānita.

piece meal : (adv.) khaṇḍaso; bhāgaso.

pied : (adj.) kammasa; sabala; vividhavaṇṇa.

pier : (m.) setubandha.

pierce : (v.t.) vinivijjhati. (pp) vinividdha.

piercing : (adj.) vedhaka; tudaka; tibba; ugga. (nt.) nittudana; vijjhana.

pierglass : (m.) sabbakāyikādāsa.

piety : (nt.) dhammikatta. (f.) saddhā; bhatti.

piffle : (m.) samphappalāpa. (v.i.) samphaṃ palapati.

pig : (m.) sūkara; varāha. (v.i.) sūkarasadisaṃ vasati.

pigheaded : (adj.) mandamatika.

pigeon : (m.) kapota; pārāvata. (v.t.) mañjūsovarake pakkhipati. (p.p) mañjūsovarake pakkhipati.

pigeonary : (f.) kapotapālikā.

pigeonhearted : (adj.) adhīra; kātara.

pigeonhole : (nt.) kapota-bila. (m.) mañjūsovaraka.

piggery : (m.) sūkaravaja.

piggish : (adj.) sūkaropama; kucchitavuttī.

piglet : (m.) sūkarapotaka.

pigling : (m.) sūkarapotaka.

pigtail : (m.) (cinadesīyānaṃ) vellita-dhammilla.

pike : (m.) saṅku; sūla.

pike for an elephant : (nt.) tutta.

pike staff : (f.) kuntayaṭthi.

pikeman : (m.) sūladhārī.

pile : (m.) puñja; rāsi; niccaya; sūla; khīla. (v.t.) puñjeti; rāsīkaroti; cināti. (pp.) puñjita; rāsīkata; cita.

piles : (nt.) arisa.

pilfer : (v.t.) moseti; coreti; avaharati. (pp.) mosita; corita; avahaṭa.

pilferage : (f.) mosanā. (nt.) coriya.

pilferer : (m.) mosaka

pilgrim : (m.) puññatitthagāmī.

pilgrimage : (f.) cetiyacārikā.

piliferous : (adj.) saloma; lomāvuta.

pill : (f.) guḷikā; vaṭṭikā.

pillage : (nt.) vitumpana. (m.) vilopa. (v.t.) viḷumpeti; acchindati. (pp.)vilutta; acchinna.

pillager : (m.) vilumpaka; acchindaka.

pillar : (m.) thambha; yūpa; thūna.

pillion : (nt.) pacchāsana.

pillory : (nt.) vadhaka-dārubhaṇḍa.

pillow : (nt.)bimbohanna; sīsūpadhāna. (v.t.) upadhānāniyojeti. (v.i.) bimbohane sīsaṃṭhapeti.

pillowcase : (f.) cimilikā; bimbohapathavikā.

pilot : (m.) jalapathadesaka; kaṇṇadhāra. (v.t) nāvāyāmaggaṃ dasseti.

pilotless : (adj.) maggadesakarahita.

pilule : (f.) khuddakavaṭikā.

pimple : (f.) vadanapiḷakā.

pin : (f.) sūci; salākā. (v.t.) sūciya āvuṇāti or ghaṭeti. (pp.) sūcyāvutta; sūcighaṭita.

pincers : (m.) saṇḍāsa.

pinch : (nt.) nakhatudana. (v.t.) nakhehi vitudati or vilikhati. (pp.) nakhavitunna; vilikhita.

pine : (m.) devadāru. (v.i.) milāyati; osīdati. (pp.) milāta; osīna.

pine for : ākaṅkhati; ukkaṇṭhati. (pp.)ākaṅkhita; ukkaṇṭhita.

pineapple : (nt.) bahunettaphala. (m.) madhuketakī.

pinefold : (nt.) goṭṭha. (v.t.) goṭthe or vaje rundheti. (p.p) goṭthe or vaje rundhita.

pingo : (m.) kāja.

pingo basket : (f.) sikkā.

pinguid : (adj.) pīna; pīvara; vaṭhara.

pinion : (nt.) pekhuṇa; khuddakacakka. (v.t.) pakkhe chindati; pacchābāhaṃ bandhati. (p.p) chinnapakkha; pacchābāhaṃ baddha.

pink : (a) pāṭala. (v.t.) satthena vijjhati. (pp.) stthaviddha.

pinky : (adj.) īsaṃpāṭala.

pinnacle : (m.) niyyūha. (nt.) pāsādasikhara.

pinnance : (f.) dvikūpakanāvā.

pioneer : (m.) puregāmī; pubbaṇgama; netu; maggadesaka. (v.t.) puratoyāti; maggaṃ dasseti. (pp.)puratoyāta; dassitamagga.

pious : (adj.) dhammika; saddha; bhattimantu.

piously : (adv.) saddhāya; bhattiyā.

piousness : (nt.) dhammikatta.

pip : (nt.)phalabīja : tārāsaṇṭhāna. (m.) tilaka. (v.t.) āhanati. (pp.)āhata.

pipe : (f.) nāḷikā; paṇālī; āyatikā. (m.) dhamanavaṃsa. (v.t.) vaṃsaṃ dhamati.

pipe clay : (f.) setamattikā.

piper : (m.)vaṃsadhamaka.

piping : (nt.) vaṃsadhamana.

pipul : (m.) (tree), assattha (-rukkha).

piquancy : (nt.) kaṭukatta; manoharatta.

piquant : (adj.) tibba; tikhina; hadayaṅgama.

piquantly : (adv.) tikhiṇākārena; hadayaṅgamatāya.

pique : (m.)mandakopa; appasāda; asantosa. (v.t.) kopeti; roseti. (v.i.) uddāmo hoti. (p.p) kopita; rosita; uddāmabhūta.

piracy : (m.) nāvāvilumpana.

pirate : (m.) sāmuddikacora; nāvāvilumpaka; paraganthavilumpaka. (v.t.) vilumpati; avaharati; aññakattukaganthaṃ pakāseti. (pp.) vilutta; avahaṭa.

piratical : (adj.) sāhasika; vilumpaka.

pirogue : (f.) ekarukkhadoṇi.

pirouette : (nt.) maṇḍalanacca.

piscatology : (nt.) macchappabhe-da-ñāṇa.

piscatory : (f.) parāyattaṭhānemacchabandhanānumati.

Pisces : (m.) mīnarāsi.

Pisces cine : (adj.) macchavisayaka.

piscivorous : (adj.) macchabhakkha.

pish : (intj.) ḍhiratthu.

pisiform : (adj.) māsa-saṇṭhāna.

pismire : (f.) kippillikā.

piss : (v.i.) ummihati; omutteti. (pp.)ummihita; omuttita. (nt.)mutta.

pistol : (f.)khuddakaggināḷikā. (v.t.) (imāya) vijjhati. (pp.)(imāya) viddha.

pit : (m.) āvāṭa; sobha; ākara. (v.t.) āvāṭe pakkhipati; yujjhanāya payojeti. (pp.) āvāṭe pakkhita; yujjhavāya payojita || small pit: (m.) kusobbha.

pit a pat : (adv.) sahadayaphandanaṃ; sāsaṅkaṃ.

pit fall : (m.) opāta.

pitch : (m.) yakkhadhūpa. Pariyanta (nt.) agga; sikhara. (v.t.) niveseti; patiṭṭhāpeti; khipati; pāteti; sajjulasena āpepeti. (v.i.) nipatati; opatati (pp.) nivesita; patiṭṭhāpita; khitta; pātita; sajjulasena ālitta; nipatita; opatita.

pitch on : adhiṭṭhāti; sanniṭṭhānaṃ yāti.

pitcher : (f.) kuṇḍikā. (m.)kamaṇḍalu || full pitcher: (m.) puṇṇaghaṭa; bhaddakumbha.

piteous : (adj.) dīna; dukkhita; dayāraha.

piteously : (adv.) dukkhitākārena.

pith : (m.) sāraṃsa; rukkhasāra. (nt.) sāradāru.

pithless : (adj.) asāra; nissāra; pheggumaya.

pithy : (adj.) sārayutta.

pitiable : (adj.) anukampiya; dayanīya.

pitiful : (adj.) kāruṇika; sadaya; anukampaka.

pitiless : (adj.) niddaya; niṭṭhura.

pitilessly : (adv.) niddayaṃ; niranukampaṃ.

pittance : (m.) appapariccāga. (nt.) thokavetana.

pituitary : (adj.) semhuggāraka.

pity : (f.) dayā; karuṇā; anukampā. (v.t.)anukampati; karuṇāyati; anuddayati. (pp.) anukampita; karuṇāyita; anuddayita.

pityriasis : (f.) vitacchikā.

pivot : (nt.) vivaṭṭana-khīla.

placable : (adj.) suvupasamiya; adhivāsanasīla.

placard : (nt.) nivdanapaṇṇa (v.t.) āvedanapaṇṇena pakāseti. (pp.) āvedanapaṇṇena pakāsita.

placate : (v.t.) vupasameti; santataṃ pāpeti. (pp.) vupasamita; santatṃpāpita.

place : (nt.) ṭhāna; ṭhānantara. (m.) padesa; bhūbhāga; adhikāra.(v.t.) ṭhāpeti; patiṭṭhāpeti; adhikāre niyojeti. (pp.) ṭhāpitai; patiṭṭhāpita; adhikāre niyojita || in both places: ubhayattha; give place: apakkamati; in one place: (adv.) ekattha; in one place or another: (adv.) yatthakattaci; take place: sijjhati.

place for execution : (nt.) āghātana.

placed : (adj.) nihita; nkkhitta; paṇihita.

placenta : (m.) gabbhāsaya.

placid : (adj.) upasanta; anāvila.

placidity : (f.) santatā. (nt.) anāvilatta.

placidly : (adv.) santākārena.

placing : (nt.) ṭhapana; patiṭṭhāpana.

plagiarise : (v.t.) racanādiṃtheneti.

plagiarism : (nt.) vākyaracanācoriya.

plagiarist : (m.) vākya-racanāthenaka.

plagiary : (nt.) paravākyathenana.

plagio : (in comb) abbohāragata.

plague : (m.) uppāta; upaddava; saṅkantikaroga; ahivātakaroga. (v.t.) pīḷeti; upaddaveti; vyathati. (pp.) pīḷita; upadduta; vyathita.

plaguer : (m.) pīḷaka; santāpaka.

plaguing : (adj.) upaddavakara.

plaguy : (adj.) santāpakara.

plaguyily : (adv.) pīḷākaratāya.

plaid : (nt.) vicitta-kambala.

plain : (nt.) samatala. (f.) samabhūmi. (adj.) sama; amissita; avibhūsita; visada; pākaṭa; akapaṭa; avyāja; (of food) appaṇīta.

plainly : (adv.) supākaṭaṃ; avyājaṃ.

plainness : (nt.) samtta; ajjava; avyājatta.

plaint : (f.) cadanā. (m.) abhiyoga. vilāpa.

plaintiff : (m.)codaka.

plaintive : (adj.) sokāvaha; dīna.

plaintively : (adv.) skaruṇaṃ; dīnākārena.

plait : (nt.) ganthana; veṇīkaraṇa. (v.t.) gantheti; veṇīkaroti. (p.p) ganthita; veṇīkata.

plan : (m.) saṇṭhānānlekha; suttapāta. naya; kama; upāya; upayoga. (v.t.) saṇṭhānam ālikhati; payojeti; upakkamati. (pp.)ālikhitasaṇṭhāna; payojiṭa. upakkamati.

plane : (nt.) tala; samatala. (f.) (carpenter's) kaṭthasamakaraṇī. (V.t.) vitaccheti; samīkaroti. (pp.) vitacchita; samīkata.

planet : (f.) gahatārā.

planet stricken : (adj.) gahapīḷita; vibbhanta.

planetarium : (nt.) gahamaṇḍalākāradassana.

planetary : (adj.) gahatārāyatta.

plangency : (nt.) phandamānatta.

plangent : (adj.) phandamāna; kampamāna.

plank : (m. nt.) dāruphalaka. (v.t.) phalake attharati; phalakehichādeti. (pp.) atthataphalaka; phalakacchanna.

plant : (f.) osadhī (m.) gaccha; yantasamūha. (v.t.) ropeti; niveseti (pp.) ropita; nivesita.

plantain : (f.) rambhā; kadalī. (m.) moca. (nt.) (fruit) kadaliphala.

plantation : (nt.) ropaṇa; ārāma; uyyāna.

planter : (m.) ropaka. (adj.) pādatalāyatta.

plantigrade : (m.) pādatalacārī.

plaque : (m.)vicitta-lohaphalaka.

plash : (m.) udakasobbha. (v.i.) udake kīḷati. (v.t.) udakaṃ kampeti.

plashy : (adj.) sobbhayutta; salilappāya.

plasm : (f.) jīvadhātu.

plasma : (m.) jīvasāra.

plaster : (m.) lepa; cuṇṇālepa. bhesajjālepa. (v.t.) ālepeti. sudhāya lepeti; bhesajjālepaṃ yojeti. (pp) ālitta; yojita.

plastered with : (adj.) avalitta; parikammakata.

plasterer : (m.) sudhālepaka; palagaṇḍa.

plastering : (nt.) ālepana; sudhākamma.

plastic : (adj.) kammanñña; sukhanamya.

plasticity : (adj.) mudutta; kammaññatta.

plastron : (nt.) cammamaya-urāvarṇa.

plat : see plait

plate : (m.) taṭṭaka; kaṃsa; bhūjana-patta. (nt.) paṭṭa. (f.) paṭṭikā. (v.t) lohena lepeti or āvarati. (pp.) lohalitta; lohāvuta.

plateau : (f.) adhiccakā. (nt.) uccasamatala.

platform : (f.) vedikā.

platform around a pagoda : (nt.) cetiyaṅgana.

platitinuously : (adv.) rasahīnākārena.

platitude : (f.) gāmikkathā.

platitudinous : (adj.) sāraṃsarahita

platter : (m.) khuddaka-taṭṭaka; thāla.

plaudit : (nt.) pasaṃsā. (f.) aṅgīkaraṇa.

plausibility : (f.) āpātharammatā.

plausible : (adj.) pasaṃsiya; saccābhāsa; bahiramma.

play : (f.) kīḷā; kelī; khiḍḍā; rati. (m.) vinoda. raṅga. (nt.) nacca. (v.i.) kīḷati; ramati; dibbati; naccati. (f.) naccati.

play a trick : hassaṃ yojeti.

play at ball : (f.) guḷakīḷā.

play fellow : (f.) guḷakīḷā.

play ground : (nt.) keḷimaṇḍala. (f.) kīḷābhūmi.

play mate : (f.) guḷakīḷā.

play thing : (nt.) kīḷābhaṇḍa.

play time : (m.) kīḷāsamaya.

play upon : upahassati

play wright : (nt.)nāṭyaganthasampādaka.

player : (m.) kīḷaka.

playful : (adj.) kīḷipubbakaṃ.

playfully : (adv.) keḷipubbakaṃ

playfulness : (nt.) kīḷāratatta; kīḷālolata.

plea : (m.) codanāpahāra; mocanahetu. (f.) patthanā.

plead : (v.t.ī.) codanaṃ pariharati; kāraṇākāraṇaṃ desseti.

plead guilty : sāvajjataṃ paṭijānāti; savinayaṃ yācati.

pleader : (m.) nīttivedī.

pleading : (nt.) codanāpariharaṇa; abhiyācana.

pleasance : (m.) pamoda; vinoda (nt.) kīḷuyyāna; gehuyyāna.

pleasant : (adj.) ramma; ramaṇīya; manohara; manuñña; cāru; kanta; hadayaṅgama.

pleasant garden : (nt.) kīḷuyyāna.

pleasant thing : (nt.) laddhaka; rāmaṇeyyaka.

pleasant to hear : (adj.) savaṇīya.

pleasant to touch : (adj.) sukhasamphassa.

pleasantly : (adv.) rammākārena.

please : (v.t.) toseti; modeti; pasādeti; rañjeti; ārādheti; rameti; pīṇeti. (pp.) tosita; modita; pasādita; rañjita; ārādhita; ramita; pīṇita. (v.i.) tussati; nandati; pasīdati; ramati; modati. (pp.) tiṭṭha; nandita; pasanna; rata; mudita.

pleased : (adj.) haṭṭha; pahaṭṭha; santuṭṭha; sumana; patita.

pleasing : (adj.) iṭṭha; kanta; manāpa; ruccanaka.

pleasingly : (adv.) ruccanākārena.

pleasurable : see pleasant.

pleasure : (m.) āmoda; pamoda; ānanda; santosa. (f.)tuṭṭhi; vitti; pīti; nandi; rati. (nt.) pāmojja.

pleasure boat : (f.) keḷināvā.

pleasure ground : (f.) vinodabhūmi.

pleasure house : (nt.) vilāsamandira.

pleat : (f.) āvali; vali. āvaliyo karoti. (pp.)katāvalī.

plebeian : (m.) akulīna-jana; mahājana. (adj.) mahājānika.

plebiscite : (nt.) mahajana-matta-pakāsana.

pledge : (m.) nyāsa; upanidhi; saccakāra. (f.) paṭiññā. (v.t.) saccakāraṃ ṭhapeti; paṭiññaṃ deti. (pp.)

pledgee : (m.) nyāsagāhī.

pledger : (m.) nyāsadāyi.

pleiades : (nt.) kattikanakkhatta.

plenarily : (adv.) anūnaṃ; asesaṃ.

plenary : (adj.) anūna; sampuṇṇa.

plenipotence : (nt.)anūnabala.

plenipotentiary : (adj.) anūnabaladhāri; puṇṇabalayutta.

plenish : (v.t.) sampādeti. (pp.) sampādita.

plenteous : (adj.) bahula; sulabha; pahūta.

plenteously : (adv.) bahulaṃ; sulabhatāya; pahūtākārena.

plentiful : (adj.) bahula; pacura; sulabha; pahūta.

plentifully : (adv.) bāhullena; sulabhattena.

plentifulness : (nt.)) bahulatta; samiddhatta.

plentitude : (nt.)puṇṇatta; sulabhatta.

plenty : (nt.) bāhulla; pacuratta; samiddhata.

plenum : (f.) sampuṇṇasabhā.

pleonasm : (nt.) padabahulatta; punaruttibahulatta.

pleonastic : (adj.) niratthaka-padabahula.

plethora : (nt.) tattapitta; rudhirabāhulla.

plethoric : (adj.) rattādhika.

pleura : (nt.) kilomaka.

pleurisy : (m.) kilomakadāha; papphāsadāha.

plexus : (nt.) sirājāla.

pliability : (nt.) namyatta; vidheyatta.

pliable : (adj.) sunamya; akaṭhina; kammañña.

pliancy : (nt.) namyatta; vidheyatta.

pliant : (adj.) namya; vidheya; kammañña.

plicate : (adj.) veṇīkata; puṭībhūta.

plication : (nt.) saṃhatatta.

pliers : (m.) plu. saṇḍāsavisesa.

plight : (f.) paṭiññā; avatthā; gati; pavatti. (v.t.) paṭiññaṃdeti. (p.p) dinnapaṭiñña.

plighter : (m.) paṭiññātu.

plinth : (m.)thambhapāda. (nt.)bhittimūla.

plod : (vi.t.) kicchena yāti; sanikaṃ vāyamati; akhaṇḍaṃ pavatteti. (p.p)kicchena yāta; sanikaṃ vāyamita; akhaṇḍaṃ pavattita.

plodding : (m.)akhaṇḍavāyāma.

plop : (m.) udake patana-sadda. (v.t.) sahasā udake pattati. (adv.) patanasaddayuttaṃ.

plot : (m.) bhūbhāga; kūṭopāya. (nt.)kumantana. (v.t.) upāyaṃ yojeti; upakkamati. (v.i.) dubbhati; kamanteti. (pp.) yojitopāya; dubbhita; kumantita.

plotter : (m.) dubbhī; kumantaka.

plotting : (nt.) dubbhana; padussana; kumantana.

plough : (nt.) maṅgala; hala. (v.t.) kasati. (pp.) kasita or kaṭṭha || beam of a plough: (f.) naṅgalīsā.

plough man : (m.) kassaka.

ploughing : (nt.) kasana; kasikamma.

ploughing festival : (nt.) vappamaṅgala.

ploughshare : (m.) phāla.

plover : (m.) dindibha; soṇṇacūḷa.

pluck : (f.) dhiti. (nt.) viriya. (m.) parakhama. (v.t) (off : ) luñcati; lunāti; nikkaḍḍhati; ( to gather : ) ocināti; saṃharati. (pp.) luñcita; lūna; nikkaḍḍhita; ocita; saṃhata.

plucking : (nt.) uppāṭana; uddharaṇa; ocinana.

pluckless : (adj.) adhīra; kātara.

plucky : (adj.) nibbhaya.

plug : (f.) thambhanī; rodhanī. (v.t.) pidahati; thaketi; rodheti. (pp.) pihita; thakita; rodhita.

plum : (nt.) kola; badara.

plumage : (m.) pattasamūha.

plumassier : (m.) pakkhipattavāṇija.

plumb : (nt.) lambaka; olambaka. (adj.) lambamāna. (v.t.) lambakaṃ otāreti. (v.i.) olambati. (pp.) otārita-lambaka; olambita.

plumbago : (nt.) abbhaka.

plumbean : (adj.) tipumaya; tipusadisa.

plumbeous : (adj.) tipusadisa; tipu-ālitta.

plumber : (m.) tipukammakāra; tipusandhānaka.

plumbless : (adj.) appameyya.

plumbline : (nt.) lambakasutta.

plume : (nt.) pakkhipatta. (v.t.) pakkhehi alaṅkaroti. (pp.) pakkhehi alaṅkata.

plummet : (nt.) lambasīsaka.

plummy : (adj.) aḍḍha; samiddha.

plumose : (adj.) pakkhipattākāra.

plump : (adj.) pīna; pīvara; thūla. (v.t.) pīvarīkaroti; sahasā pāteti. (v.i.) thūlo hoti. (pp.) pīvarīkata; sahasā pātita; thūlabhūta.

plumper : (m.) ekantamusāvāda.

plumpness : (nt.) pīvaratta.

plumpy : (adj.) īsaṃpīvara.

plumy : (adj.) piñjamaṇḍita.

plunder : (m.) vilopa; nillopa. (nt.) vilumpana. (v.t.) vilumpati; acchindati; padhaṃseti. (pp.) vilutta; acchinna; padhaṃita.

plunderer : (m.) vilopaka; mosaka; vilumpaka.

plundering : (nt.) vilumpana.

plunge : (v.t) osīdāpeti; udake opilāpeti. (v.i.) osīdati; nimujjati; ogāhati; (pp.) osīdāpita; osīna; nimugga; ogāha.

plunging : (nt.) ogāhana; nimujjana.

pluperfect : (m.) bhūtātīta;

plural : (nt.) bahuvacana. (adj.) aneka; bahuvidha.

plurality : (nt.) abhuvidhatta; anekatta.

pluralize : (v.t.) bahuvidhaṃ karoti.

plus : (nt.) saṅkalana-lakkhaṇa.

plutarchy : (nt.) dhanapatipālana; dhanikādhipacca.

Pluto : (m.) yamarāja.

plutocracy : (nt.) dhanapatipālana; dhanikādhipacca.

plutocrat : (m.) dhanabalī.

plutonian : (adj.) antobhūmijāta.

plutonic : (adj.) yamarājāyatta.

pluvial : (adj.) vuṭṭhibahula; vuṭṭhivisayaka.

pluviometer : (nt.) vuṭṭhimāṇaka.

pluvious : (adj.) vuṭṭhijāta.

ply : (m.) āvali : ajjhāsaya (nt.) ghanatta. (v.t.) ussālena payojeti; punappunaṃ vāyamati. (v.i.) nirantaraṃ pavattati. (pp.) ussālena payojita; punappunaṃ vāyamita; nirantaraṃ pavattita.

pneumatic : (adj.) vāyupuṇṇa; vāyumaya; (f.) plu. vāyuvijjā.

pneumatically : (adv.) vāyubalena.

pneumatology : (f.) devattavijjā.

pneumogastric : (adj.) papphāsa-āmāsayāyatta.

pneumonia : (m.) papphāsadāha.

poach : (v.t.) vitudati; pasayha pavisati; aṇḍāni sedeti. (p.p) vitumna. Pasayha paviṭṭha.

poacher : (m.) pāṇīthenaka.

pock : (f.) masūrikā-piḷakā.

pocket : (f.) ovaṭṭikā. (v.t.) ovaṭṭikāyaṃ nidahati. (pp.) ovaṭṭikāyaṃ nihita.

pocketable : (adj.) ovaṭṭikāharanīya.

pod : (m.) bījavaṭṭikā; suttakosa. (v.i.) bījavaṭṭikā uppādeti.

podagra : (m.) vātasopha.

podded : (adj.) bījavaṭṭikāyutta; mañjarīsahita.

podge : (m.) thūla-lakuṇṭaka.

poem : (nt.) kabba; pajja. (m) pajjabandha.

poephagous : (adj.) ṭinabhakka.

poesy : (nt.) pajjabandhana. (m.) pajjasamūha.

poet : (m.) kavi; pajjasampādaka.

poet laureate : (m.) kavipuṅgava; mahākavi.

poetaster : (m.) kukavi.

poetess : (f.) pajjasampādikā.

poetic : (adj.) kabbamaya.

poetical : (adj.) kabbamaya.

poetics : (nt.) kabbasattha.

poeticule : (m.) kukavi.

poetise : (v.t.) kabbaṃ racayati; kabbattaṃ pāpeti. (pp) kabbaṃ racita; kabbattaṃ pāpita.

poetry : (m.) pajjabandha. (nt.) kabba; kāveyya. (f.) gāthā.

poignancy : (nt.) tikhiṇatta; uggatta.

poignant : (adj.) tikhina; tibba; ugga.

poignantly : (adv.) tibbākārena; uggatāya; tibbaṃ.

point : (f.) koṭi. (nt.) agga; sikhara; bindulakkhaṇa; visesalakkhaṇa. (m.) adhippetattha. (f.) ( of land) bhūnāsikā. (of direction) disānudisā. (v.t.) tejeti; sikharīkaroti; ādisati nidasseti. (pp) tejita; sikharīkata; ādiṭṭha; nidassita.

point-blank : (adv.) ujukam eva. ūjumagga-yutta; ekantika.

pointedly : (adv.) tikhiṇaṃ; phuṭaṃ; vyattaṃ.

pointer : (m.) uddesaka; nidassaka.

pointing out : (nt.) niddisana; uddisana.

pointless : (adj.) atikhina; nirattha.

pointsman : (m.) (dhūmaratha) ayosaṅghaṭa-ghaṭaka.

poise : (nt.) bhārasamatta. (m.) paṭibhāra. (v.t.) tuleti; samabhāraṃ karoti. (pp) tulita; samabhārikata.

poison : (nt.) visa. (v.t.) visaṃ yojeti or pakkhipati; visena lepeti or māreti. (pp.) visayojita; visapakkhitta; visalitta; vesena lepita or mārita.

poisoned : (adj.) visapīta; visadiddha.

poisoner : (m.) visayojaka.

poisonous : (adj.) savisa; visayutta.

poke : (nt.) pasibbaka; tudana; āhanana. (v.t.) tudati; āhanati. (pp) tunna; āhata.

poker : (m.) aṅgāracālaka. ṅittudaka.

pokerish : (adj.) hiṃsaka.

poky : (adj.) adhama; malina; kucchita.

polar : (adj.) uttara-dhuvāyatta.

polarity : (f.) dakkhiṇuttaragāmitā.

pole : (nt.) bhūakkhagga; (f.) yaṭthī. (m.) daṇḍa. (nt.) ekādasaratanika-māṇa. (of a carriage) (nt.) dhura; (m.) yugadaṇḍa. (v.t.) daṇḍaṃ yojeti; daṇḍena apaneti. (pp.) daṇḍayojita; daṇḍena apaṇita.

pole cate : (m.) nakulavisesa.

pole exe : (f.) yuddhakuṭhārī.

pole star : (f.) dhuvatārakā.

polemic : (m.) vivāda. (adj.) vivaditabba; vivādatthī. (nt.; plu.) vādasattha.

polemical : (adj.) vivādavisayaka; vivādakusala.

police : (m.) rakkhakagaṇa.

police magistrate : (m.) daṇḍanātha.

police officer : (m.) sāmarakkhī.

police station : (m.) rakkhīnivāsa.

policeman : (m.) rājapurisa; nagararakkhī.

policy : (nt.) bhaṭāgāra.

polish : (m.) naya; nītimagga; upāya; payoga. (f.) niyamāvali. (nt.) pālanapaṭutta.

polisher : (m.) vaṇṇamaṭṭhakārī.

polishing : (nt.) majjana; vaṇṇamaṭṭhakaraṇa.

polite : (adj.) vinīta; susīla; poriya; ācārasīlī.

politely : (adv.) vinītākārena.

politeness : (nt.) susūlatta; vinītatta.

politic : (nt.) nāgarika; janahitakāri; vicakkhaṇa; upāyadakkha. (nt.; plu.) desapālanasattha.

political : (adj.) rajjapālanāyatta.

political science : (f.) pālanavijjā.

politician : (m.) desapālanaññū.

polity : (nt.) desapālana. (m.) pālanakkama.

poll : (nt.) sīsa. chandadānaṭṭhāna. (f.) chandadāyaka-nāmāvali. (m.) suka. (v.t) nāmānilikhati; aggāni chindati. (pp.) likhitanāma; chinnagga. (adj.) siṅgarahita.

poll-tax : (m.) puggala-bali.

pollard : (m.) chinnagga-rukkha; galitavisāṇa. (v.t.) aggaṃ chindati. (pp.) chinnagga.

pollen : (m.) reṇu; parāga. (v.t.) reṇūhichādeti. (pp.) reṇuchanna.

pollenless : (adj.) areṇuka.

pollicitation : (f.) athirapaṭiññā

pollinate : (v.t) parāge ākirati. (p.p) ākiṇṇaparāga.

pollute : (v.t.) dūseti; kalaṅketi; kalusayati (pp.) dūsita; kalaṅkita;

polluter : (m.) dūsaka.

pollution : (nt.) dūsana; kalusīkaraṇa. (m.) pūtibhāva.

Polly : (m.) suvapotaka.

polo : (f.) assārohaka-guḷakīlā.

poltroon : (m.) adhīra; kātara.

poltroonery : (nt.) dīnatta.

polyandrist : (f.) bahupatikā itthī.

polyandry : (nt.) bahupatikatta.

polyarchy : (nt.) janasammatarajja.

polycarpous : (adj.) bahuphalada.

polychromatic : (adj.) anekavaṇṇa.

polychrome : nānāvaṇṇamuddita.

polychromy : (nt.) anekavaṇṇechimuddaṅkana.

polygamist : (m.) bahubhariyaka.

polygamous : (adj.) bahubhariyāhāraka.

polygamy : (f.) bahubhariyatā.

polygenesis : (f.) bahumūlakuppatti.

polyglot : (adj.) nānābhāsika.

polyglotal : (adj.) nānābhāsāyatta.

polygon : (nt.) bahukoṇaka.

polygonal : (adj.) bahukoṇayutta.

polyhistor : (m.) nānāsatthavidū; mahāpaṇḍita.

polymath : (m.) nānāsatthavidū; mahāpaṇḍita.

polymathic : (adj.) bahussuta.

polymathy : (nt.) bāhusacca.

polymorphic : (adj.) bahurūpaka; nānāsaṇṭhāna.

Polynesia : (m.) bahulīpakapadesa.

polypetalous : (adj.) bahudalaka.

polypod : (adj.) bahuppada.

polypus : (m.) bahumūlakagaṇḍa.

polysyllabic : (adj.)bahusarayutta.

polytechnic : (adj.) bahusippaka. (nt.) vividhasippadāyakaṭṭhāna.

polytheism : (m.) bahudevavāda.

polytheist : (m.) bahudevadiṭṭhika.

pomade : (nt.) sugandha-vilepana.

pomander : (f.) rogavāraka-surabhiguḷikā.

pomegranate : (nt.) dāḷimaphala.

pomiculture : (nt.) phalarukkha-ropaṇa.

pommel : (nt.) gaṇṭhi-bubbulaka. (v.t.) tharunā āhanati. (pp.) tharunā āhata.

pomology : (f.) phalaropaṇavijjā.

pomp : (m.) patāpa. (f.) sobhā; siri. (m.) mahāparihāra.

pompous : (adj.) mahāteja; sakavibhavadassaka.

pompous and splendour : (m.) sirivilāsa.

pompous of a king : (f.) rajjasiri.

pompously : (adv.) mahāparihārena; uḷārapatāpena.

pompousness : (nt.) mahāparihāratta; issariya.

pond : (f.) pokkharanī. (v.t) jalasotaṃ rodheti. (v.i.) pokkharaṇitaṃ pāpuṇāti. (p.p) rodhitasota; pokkharaṇitaṃ pāpatta.

ponder : (vt.ī.) jhāyati; ūhati; anuvitakketi. (pp.) jhāyita; ūhita; anuvitakketi.

ponderable : (adj.) tulanīya; tulanāraha.

ponderaction : (nt.) tulana.

ponderous : (adj.) atibhāriya; dandhagatika.

ponderously : (adv) atigarukatāya. dandhākārena.

ponderousness : (nt.) tulanīyatta; dandhatta.

poniard : (m.) churikāvisesa.

pontiff : (m.) mukhyapurohita; nāyaka-devapūjaka. saṅgharāja.

pontiffication : (nt.) nāyakapūjakadhura; saṅgharājatta.

pontoon : (f.) setunāvā; titthanāvā. (v.t.) titthanāvāhi tarati.

pony : (adj.) ghoṭaka; khuddakassa.

pooh : (intj.) dhi; dhiratthu. (v.t.) dhikkaroti. (p.p)dhikkata.

pool : (nt.) sobbha. f.) pokkharaṇī. (v.t.) chandakaṃ saṃharati.

poon : (nt.) punnāgataru.

poonac : (m.) piññāka.

poop : (m.) mandamatika.

poor : (adj.) daḷida; niddhana; kapaṇa; akiñcana; khīna; kisa; ūna; asāra; guṇahīna; kātara; anātha.

poor asylum : (m.) anāthālaya.

poor soil : (f.) nissārabhūmi.

poor spirited : (adj.) adhīra; nirīha; kātara.

poorly : (adv.) dīnākārena.

poorness : (nt.) dāḷiddiya.

pop : (vi.t.) phuṭanasaddaṃ pavatteti; sahasā nikkhemati or uppatati. (pp.) phuṭanasaddaṃ pavattita; sahasā nikkhanta or uppatita.

pop corn : (m.) lāja.

pope : (m.) Romaka-saṅgharāja.

popedom : (nt.) Romaka-saṅgharājadhura.

popery : (m.) Romaka-samaya.

popinjay : (nt.) sukarūpa. (m.) satapatta; gabbitapuggala.

poppy : (m.) ahipheṇa-gaccha.

populace : (f.) janatā. (m.) mahājana.

popular : (adj.) janappiya; mahājanika.

popularity : (nt.) janappiyatta.

popularly : (adv.) janappiyatāya; pākaṭatāya.

populate : (v.t.) janāvāsaṃ karoti. (pp.) katajanāvāsa.

population : (nt.) janāvāsakaraṇa.

populize : (v.t.) janappiyaṃ or atipākataṃkaroti.

populous : (adj.) janākiṇṇa; janasambādha.

populousness : (nt.) bahujanattā-bhaṇḍa.

porcelain : (f.) sukhumasetamattikā. (nt.) setamattikābhaṇḍa.

porch : (m.) channa-dvārakoṭṭhaka; ālinda.

porcine : (adj.) sūkaropama.

porcupine : (m.) sallaka.

porcupinish : (adj.) sallakasadisa.

pore : (nt.) lomakūpa; sukhumachidda. (vt.ī) nijjhāyati; saṃvitakketi.(pp.) nijjhāyita; saṃvitakkita.

pork : (nt.) sūkaramaṃsa.

porker : (m.) thūlasūkara.

porkling : (m.) sūkarapotaka.

porky : (adj.) sūkaramaṃsasadisa; saṃvaḍḍhita.

pornocracy : (nt.) gaṇikāpabbhutta.

pornography : (f.) gaṇikāvuttivicāraṇā; asabbhalipi.

porosity : (nt.) chiddabahulatta.

porous : sacchidda; chiddāvacchidda.

porousness : (nt.) sacchiddatta.

porpoise : (m.) samuddasūkara.

porraceous : (adj.) īsaṃharita.

porridge : (f.) ghanayāgu.

porringer : (nt.) yāgubhājana.

port : (nt.) paṭṭana : nāvātittha. dvāra; mukkha; haraṇa (m.) gamanākāra. (v.t.) dhāreti; pariharati. (p.p) dhārita; pariharita.

portable : (adj.) saṅkamanīya; hāriya.

portage : (nt.) vahana; haraṇa; haraṇavetana.

portal : (nt.) mahādvāra.

portative : (adj.) vahanasīla; haraṇopakārī.

portend : (v.t.) pagevasūceti; pubbanimittaṃ dasseti. (pp.) pagevasūcita; pubbanimittaṃ dassita.

portent : (nt.) pubbanimitta.

portentous : (adj.) pubbanimittasahita; asubhasūcaka.

portentously : (adv.) pubbanimittavasena.

porter : (m.) bhārahārī; dvārapāla.

porter wheel : (nt.) kulālacakka.

porterage : (nt.) bhāravahanavetana.

portfolio : (m.)) paṇṇakosa; paṇṇarakkhitā (f.) lekhanagopaka.

porthole : (nt.) nāvāgavakkha.

portico : (m.) sacchadana-dvāra-koṭṭhaka. ālindamukha.

portion : (m.) bhāga; koṭṭhāsa; paṭiviṃsa. (v.t.) bhājeti; vibhjati. (pp.) bhājita; vibhatta.

portliness : (f.) gambhiravuttitā; thūlakāyatā.

portly : (adj.) mahānubhāva; uḷāradassana; thūladeha.

portmanteau : (f.) cammamañjūsā.

portrait : (nt.) paṭibimba; chāyārūpa.

portraitist : (m.) paṭibimbakārī.

portraiture : (nt.) paṭibimbasampādana.

portray : (v.t.) ālikhati; citteti; (pp.) ālikhita; cittita.

portrayal : (nt.) cittakamma.

portrayer : (m.) cittakāra; cittasippī.

portress : (f.) dvārapālikā.

pose : (f.) līlā. (m.) vilāsa; aṅgavinyāsa. (v.t.) purato ṭhapeti; līḷhaṃ gaṇhāpeti; pañhehi sambhamāpeti; niruttaraṃ karoti. (pp.) purato ṭhapita; pañhehi sambhamāpita; niruttarīkata.

poser : (m.) purato-ṭhāyī; sedamocaka-pañha.

posit : (v.t.) nidasseti; patiṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) nidassita; patiṭṭhāpita.

position : (f.) avatthā; dasā; pavatti. (nt.) patiṭṭhitaṭṭhāna; ṭhānantara; pada. (v.t.) yuttaṭṭhāne patiṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) yuttaṭthāne patiṭṭhāpita.

positive : (adj.) ekanta; niyata; avassaka; paccakkha; sunicchita; yathābhūta.

positively : (adv.) niyataṃ; nūnaṃ; avassaṃ; tattato; paramatthato.

positiveness : (nt.) asaṅkiyatta. (m.) daḷhanicchaya.

positivism : (nt.) yathābhūtañāṇa. (m.) yathābhūtavāda.

posology : (nt.) osadhamattā-ñāṇa.

posse : (nt.) bhaṭadala.

possess : (v.t.) dhāreti; āyattī karoti; āvisati; adhigaṇhāti. (pp.) dhārita; āyattīkata; āvisita; adhigaṇhita.

possessed by a spirit : (adj.) bhūtāviṭṭha.

possessed with : (adj.) upeta; samupeta; yutta; upalakkhita; sampana.

possession : (m.) pariggaha; āvesa; vibhava; (nt.) adhīnatta; adhimuccana; vitta.

possessive : (adj.) sāmyatthavācaka; adhiīnattapakāsaka.

possessive case : (f.) sambandhavibhatti.

possessor : (m.) sāmī; dhāraka.

possibility : (nt.) sakyatta; bhabbatta; sādhiyatta.

possible : (adj.) sādhiya; sakhuṇeyya; sakya.

possibly : (adv.) siyā kadāci.

post : (m.) thambha. (f.) thūṇā. (nt.) pada; ṭhānantara; niyamitaṭṭhāna; sāsanaharaṇa. (v.t.) patiṭṭhāpeti; niyojeti; thambhe bandhati or alliyāpeti; sāsanaṃpeseti. (pp.) patiṭṭhāpita; niyojita; thambhe bandhita or alliyāpita; sāsanaṃpesita.

post card : (f.) sāsanapaṭṭikā.

post horse : (m.) javassa.

post man : (m.) sāsanabhājaka.

post master : (m.) sāsanāgārādhipa.

post office : (nt.) sandesāgāra.

post-cript : (nt.) pacchālikhita.

post-date : (v.t.) anāgata-dinaniyamaṃ likhati. (pp.) likhita-anāgata.

post-humous : (adj.) accaye-jāta; accaye muddāpita.

post-humously : (adv.) maraṇato paraṃ.

post-mortem : (f.) maraṇānantaraupaparikkhā. (adj.) maraṇānantarika.

postage : (adv.) sāsanaharaṇa-mūla.

postage stamp : (nt.) sāsana-lañchana.

postal : (adj.) sāsanapesanāyatta.

poster : (nt.) mahānivedanapaṇṇa..

posterior : (m.) pacchābhāga. (adj.) pacchimakālika.

posteriority : (f.) pacchimajanatā; anāgataparamparā.

posteriorly : (adv.) pacchā.

postern : (nt.) apākaṭa-dvāra.

postil : (f.) adholipi.

postmark : (nt.) sāsanāgāralañchana.

postmeridian : (adj.) aparaṇhika. (m.) aparaṇha.

postmeridiem : (adv.)aparaṇhe.

postpone : (v.t.) niyamitakālam avakaḍḍhati. (pp.) niyamitakālam avakaḍḍhita.

postponement : (nt.) divasākaḍḍhana.

postulate : (nt.) apaccakkhagahaṇa. (m.) siddhanta. (v.t.) siddhantavasena tīreti or paṭiggaṇhāti. (pp.) siddhantavasena tīrita or paṭiggaṇhita.

postulation : (nt.) siddhantavasena gahaṇa.

posture : (m.) aṅgavinyāsa; iriyāpatha. (f.) saṇṭhiti.

posy : (m.) pupphatthabaka. (nt.) ādisiya-pāṭha.

pot : (m.) (for water : ) kumbha; ghaṭa; kalasa. (f.) (for cooking : ) cāṭi; ukkhali; khalopī. (v.t.) kumbhiyaṃ āsiñcati or nikkhipati. (pp.) kumbhiyaṃ āsitta; nikkhipita.

pot house : (nt.) pānamandira.

pot-bellied : (adj.) lambodara.

potable : (adj.) pātabba; peyya.

potamic : (adj.) nadīpaṭibaddha.

potamology : (nt.) nadībheda-viññāṇa.

potash : (m.) khāra; yavakhāra.

potassium : (f.) yavakhāra-mūladhāth.

potato : (m.) goḷāluva.

potence : (nt.) sāmatthiya. (m.) balamahima. (f.) iddhi.

potency : (nt.) sāmatthiya. (m.) balamahima. (f.) iddhi.

potent : (adj.) pabala; sappabhāva.

potentate : (m.) pabhū; adhīsa.

potential : (adj.) sambhavanīya; sakkuneyya; vidhyatthaka.

potential mood : (f.) sattamī vibhatti.

potentiality : (f.) sakyatā.

potentially : (adv.) yathāsambhavaṃ; pabalākārena.

potentiate : (v.t.) balaṃ deti; sakyaṃ karoti. (pp.) dinnabala; sakyakata.

pother : (nt.) sāsarodhaka-vatthu. (m.) missitasadda. (v.t.) pīḷeti; bādheti. (pp.) pīḷita; bādhita.

potherb : (nt.) sākapaṇṇa.

potion : (f.) bhesajjamattā.

potpourri : (nt.) vāsana-dabba; vividhappasaṅga-nacca.

potsherd : (m.) kapālakhaṇḍa.

potstand : (nt.) cumbaṭaka. (m.) kumbhādhāra.

pottage : (nt.) nānāracanāsaṅgaha; missitāhāra.

potter : (nt.) kumbhakāra.

pottery : (nt.) kulālabhaṇḍa. (f.) kumbhakārasālā.

pottle : (m.) pānaghaṭa. (f.) phalapacchi.

potty : (adj.) appamattaka; agaṇetabba.

pouch : (f.) ovaṭṭikā. (nt.) upajaṭhara. (m.) pasibbaka. (v.t.) ovaṭṭikāya nidahati; pasibbake; pakkhipati. (pp.) ovaṭṭikāya nidahita; pasibbake pakkhipita.

poult : (m.) kukkuṭapotaka.

poulterer : (m.) kukkuṭavāṇija.

poultice : (m.) gaṇḍālepa.

poultry : (m.) kukkuṭagaṇa.

pounce : (m.) nakhapañjara. (nt.) sahasā-ajjhottharaṇa. masivāraka-cuṇṇa. (v.t.) pakkhandati; sahasā ajjhottharati. ṅakhehi gaṇhāti. (pp.) pakkhanta; sahasā ajjhotthaṭa; nakhehi gaṇhita.

pound : (m.) tulābhāra. (nt.) soṇṇanikkha. (m.) vaja; koṭṭhaka. (v.t.) koṭṭeti; cuṇṇeti. (pp.) koṭṭita; cuṇṇita.

poundage : (m.) bhārānuga-kara; āyānuga-bali.

pounder : (m.) koṭṭaka; musala.

pour : (m.) dhārānipāta. (v.t.) āsiñcati; osiñcati; ākirati; okirati. (pp.) āsita; osita; ākirita; okiṇṇa.

pouring : (nt.) seccana; siñcana; osiñcana; okiraṇa.

pout : (m.) mukhavikāra. (nt.) dummukhatta. (v.t.) mukhavikāraṃ dasseti. (pp.) mukhavikāraṃ dassita.

poverty : (nt.) dāḷiddiya; niddhanatta.

poverty stricken : (adj.) duggata; dukkhita.

powder : (nt.) cuṇṇa; piṭṭha. (v.t.) cuṇṇeti; piṃseti. (pp.) cuṇṇita; piṃsita.

powdered : (adj.) vicuṇṇa; sañcuṇṇa.

powdery : (adj.) sacuṇṇa.

power : (f.) satti. (nt.) bala; sāmatthiya. (m.) thāma; pabhāva.

powerful : (adj.) balavantu; thāmavantu.

powerfully : (adv.) balavākārena.

powerfulness : (f.) thāmavantatā.

powerless : (adj.) abala; dubbala; asamattha; sattihīna.

powerlessness : (nt.) abalatta; dubbalya; asāmatthiya.

pox : (m.) upadaṃsaroga.

practicable : (adj.) sādhiya; sukara; kātuṃsakya.

practicably : (adv.) sādhiyākārena; sakyatāya.

practical : (adj.) ācaraṇīya; paccakkhakaraṇīya.

practically : (adv.) paricayena; paramatthato; yathāpaguṇaṃ.

practice : (m.) paricaya. (nt.) ācaraṇa; abhiyuñjana; paṭipajjana.

practise : (v.t.) ācarati; paṭipajjati; anuyuñjati; āsevati; bhāveti. (pp.) ācarita; paṭipanna; anuyutta; āsevitat || much practised: (adj.) ajjhāciṇṇa; thoroughly practised: suparicita; vatthukata.

practising : (adj.) ācaranta; paṭipajjamāna.

practitioner : (m.) vejjakammaniyutta.

praecognitum : (nt.) avassañeyya.

pragmatic : (adj.) anubhavamūlaka; kiccakusala; parakiccappavesī.

pragmatically : (adv.) anubhūtapubbākārena.

pragmatism : (m.) anubhavamūlaka-vāda. (nt.) cārittānugamana; nītyanugamana.

pragmatize : (v.t.) saccākārena dasseti.

praise : (f.) pasaṃsā; thuti; thomanā; kittanā. (nt.) abhitthavana. (v.t.) pasaṃsati; thometi; kitteti; abhitthavati. (pp.) pasattha; thomita; kittita. ābhitthuta.

praiseful : (adj.) pasaṃsiya; thomanāraha.

praiser : (m.) pasaṃsaka.

praiseworthy : (adj.) pasaṃsiya; thomanāraha.

praising : (adj.) vaṇṇavādī; abhitthavaka.

prank : (nt.) upahāsa; uppatana. (v.t.) sadappaṃ bhūseti. (v.i.) vibhūsito hoti. (pp.) vibhūsita.

prankish : (adj.) vinodasīllī; parihāsappiya.

prate : (f.) jappanā; (nt.) palapana. (v.i.) pajappati; palapati. (pp.) pajappita.

prater : (m.) jappaka; palapaka.

prattle : (f.) bālalapanā; niratth-kakathā. (v.i.) palapati.

prawn : (m.) kosamaccha.

praxis : (nt.) sammatacāritta. (m.) paricayodāharaṇasamūha.

pray : (v.t.) āyācati; pattheti. (pp.) āyācita; patthita.

prayer : (f.) āyācanā; abhipatthanā. (m.) āyācaka.

prayerless : (adj.) yācanāvimukha.

pre-admonish : (v.t.) pageva ovadati. (p.p) pageva ovadita.

pre-eminence : (nt.) sabbaseṭṭhatta; atyuttamatta; ativisiṭṭhatta.

pre-eminent : (adj.) sabbaseṭṭha; atyuttama.

pre-eminently : (adv.) sabbaseṭṭhākārena.

pre-emption : (m.) paṭhamatarakaya. tadatthāyā' vasara.

pre-engage : (v.t) puretaraṃ paṭijānāti. (pp.) puretaraṃ patiññāta.

pre-engagement : (f.) puretarapaṭiññā.

pre-exist : (v.i.) ādito pavattati.

pre-existence : (f.) pubbajāti. (m.) pubbenivāsa.

pre-existent : (adj.) ādito pavattamāna.

pre-occupation : (nt.) pagevābhiyuñjana.

pre-occupy : (v.t.) pageva sasantakaṃ karoti; pageva abhiyuñjati. (pp.) pageva sasantakaṃ kata; pageva abhiyuñjita.

preach : (v.t.) deseti; pakāseti; akkhāti. (pp.) dasita; pakāsita; akkhita || well preached: svākkhāta; sammadakkhāta.

preacher : (m.) desetu; akkhāyī.

preaching : (f.) desanā. (nt.) pāvacana.

preamble : (m.) paṭhamārambha; mukkhabandha. (f.) pathāvanā.

precarious : (adj.) avinicchita; sāsaṅka.

precariously : (adv.) sāsaṅkaṃ.

precariousness : (nt.) sāsaṅkatta.

precative : (adj.) āyācanatthavācā; āsiṃsāpubbaka.

precatory : (adj.) āyācanatthavācā; āsiṃsāpubbaka.

precaustious : (adj.) samekkhakārī.

precaution : (f.) samekkhā. (m.) pubbopāya.

precautionary : (adj.) pubbopāyāyatta; samekkhāpubbaka.

precautiously : (adv.) susamekkhiya.

precede : (v.t.) purato yāti; agge carati. (pp.) purato yāta; agge carita.

precedence : (nt.) pubbaṅgamatta; pamukhatta. (m.) purekkhāra.

precedent : (adj) purogāmī.

precedented : (adj.) pubbanidassanayutta.

precedenting : (adj.) pubbaṅgama.

precent : (v.i.) gāyane pubbaṅgamo hoti.

precentor : (m.) pamukhagāyaka.

precept : (nt.) sikkhāpada.

preceptor : (m.) upajjhāya; vinayācariya.

preceptorship : (nt.) upajjhāyadhura.

preceptress : (f.) upajjhāyā.

precession : (nt.) abhimukkhagamana; ayana.

precinct : (m.) āvarita-bhūbhāga; antogata-padesa. (f.) sīmā; mariyādā.

precious : (adj.) mahaggha; mahāraha;

precious stone : (m.) maṇi.

preciously : (adv.) mahagghākārena.

preciousness : (nt.) mahagghatta.

precipice : (m.) papāta.

precipitance : (nt.) sahasikatta. (f.) asamekkhakāritā.

precipitate : (adj.) sāhasika; atiturita; adhomukha. (v.t.) adhomukhaṃ pāpeti; sahasākāreti. (v.i.) adho patati. (pp.) adhomukhaṃ pātita; sahasākārita; adho patita.

precipitately : (adv.) sahasā; anisamma; adhomukhaṃ.

precipitation : (nt.) antarāyābhimukhīkaraṇa; accāyikatta.

precipitiousness : (nt.) sāhasikatta. (f.) asamekkhā.

precipitous : (adj.) atiturita; papātābhimukha.

precipitously : (adv.) atituritatāya.

precis : (m.) saṅkhepa.

precise : (adj.) niyata; paricchinna; yathābhūta; anūnānadhika.

precisely : (adv.) yathābhūtaṃ; anūnādhikaṃ.

preciseness : (nt.) yathābhūtatta; anūnādhikatta.

precisian : (m.) yathātathakāri; yathāvidhikārī.

precision : (nt.) yathāvidhitta; suparicchinnatta.

preclude : (v.t.) nivāreti; nisedheti. (pp.) nivārita; nisedhita.

preclusion : (nt.) nivāraṇa; nivattana; paṭibāhana. (m.) nisedha.

preclusive : (adj.) nivāraka; paṭisedhaka;

precocious : (adj.) akālapakka; ayathāpariṇata.

precociousness : (nt.) ayathāpariṇatatta.

precocity : (f.) akālapariṇati.

precogitate : (v.t.) puretaraṃ vitakketi. (pp.) puretaraṃ vitakkita.

precogitation : (m.) puretaracintā.

precognition : (m.) puretarāvabodha.

preconceive : (v.t.) puretaraṃ bujjhati; pageva cinteti. (p.p) puretaraṃ buddha; pageva cintita.

preconception : (f.) puretaracintā.

preconcert : (v.t.) pageva niccheti. (pp.) pageva nicchita.

preconize : (v.t.) pakāseti; anusāveti. (pp.) pakāsita; anusāvita.

precursor : (m.) aggesara; purecāri. (nt.) pubbanimitta.

precursory : (adj.) puregāmī; pubbanimittabhūta.

predacious : (adj.) aññabhakkha; vilumpaka.

predatory : (adj.) hiṃsaka; vilumpaka; upaddavakara.

predecease : (v.i.) puretaraṃ marati. (pp.) puretaraṃ mata.

predecessor : (m.) pubbādhikārī.

predestinarian : (m.) niyativādī.

predestinate : (v.t.) puretaraṃ niyameti or nirūpeti. (pp.) puretaraṃ niyamita; puretaraṃ nirūpita.

predestination : (nt.) puretaraniyamana.

predestine : (v.t.) puretaraṃ niyameti or nirūpeti. (pp.) puretaraṃ niyamita; puretaraṃ nirūpita.

predetermination : (m.) puretaranicchaya. Or adhiṭṭhana.

predetermine : (v.t.) puretaraṃ niccheti. (p.p) puretaraṃ nicchita.

predicable : (adj.) abhidheyya.

predicament : (m.) visiṭṭhagunādi; kicchappavatti; dukkharāvatthā.

predicate : (nt.) ākhyātapada. (m.) guṇavisesa; siddhanta. (v.t.) abhidhāti; niddisat; thirīkaroti.

predication : (nt.) nicchayakaraṇa; pakāsana.

predicative : (adj.) ākhyātāyatta.

predicatory : (adj.) desanāyatta; desanārata.

predict : (v.t.) pageva katheti; puretaram ādisati or vyākaroti. (pp.) pageva kathita; puretaram ādiṭṭha; vyākata.

prediction : (nt.) anāgatakathana.

predictive : (adj.) anāgatasūcaka.

predictor : (m.) anāgatavattu.

predilection : (f.) pubbavāsanā; pakkhapātitā.

predispose : (v.t.) puretaṃ poṇīkaroti. (pp.) puretaraṃ poṇīkata.

predisposition : (nt.) tappoṇatta; chandānugāmitta.

predominant : (adj.) pabala.

predominantance : (nt.) pabalatta; balādhikya.

predominantly : (adv.) ādhipaccena.

predominate : (v.i.) ādhipaccaṃ pavatteti. (pp.) pavattitādhipacca.

preen : (v.t.) tuṇḍena pakkhe saṅkharoti. (pp.) tuṇḍena pakkhe saṅkkha.

preface : (m.) mukhabandha. (f.) bhūmikā. (nt.) sabhāvakathana. (v.t.) mukhabandhaṃ likhati. (pp.) mukhabandhaṃ likhita.

prefatory : (adj.) sabhāvañāpaka.

prefect : (m.) nāyakādhikārī.

prefectoral : (adj.) nāyakādhikārivisayaka.

prefecture : (adj.) adhikārīnivāsa. (m.) adhikārāyattapadesa.

prefer : (v.t.) adhikataraṃ roceti; unnatiṃ pāpeti. (pp.) adhikataraṃ rocita; unnatiṃ pāpita.

preferable : (adj.) variya; varatara.

preference : (f.) abhiruci.

preferential : (adj.) auggahapubbaka.

preferment : (nt.) unnatipāpana.

prefiguration : (nt.) pageva-nirūpana.

prefigurative : (adj.) pubbataranirūpaka.

prefigure : (v.t.) pageva nirūpeti. (pp.) pageva nirūpita.

prefix : (nt.) upasagga (-pada). (v.t.) purato yojeti. (pp.) purato yojita.

pregnable : (adj.) padhaṃsiya.

pregnancy : (nt.) gabbhadhāraṇa.

pregnant : (adj.) sagabbhā; garugabbhā; bhāriya; garuka. bahussuta.

pregnantly : (adv.) saphalākarena.

prehensile : (adj.) gahaṇakkhama.

prehension : (nt.) gahaṇa. (m.) manovitakka.

prehistoric : (adj.) itthāsapubbakālika.

prehistory : (m.) ādikappetihāsa.

prejudge : (v.t.) puretaraṃ niccheti. (pp.) puretaraṃ nicchita.

prejudgement : (m.) puretaranicchaya.

prejudice : (m.) pakkhapāta; ayathāgāha. (f.) agati. (v.t.) agatiṃ yāti; pakkhapātī hoti. (pp.) agatiṃ yātā; pakkhapātī bhūta.

prejudicial : (adj.) anatthakara.

prejudicially : (adv.) sāpakāraṃ; agatiyā.

prelate : see bishop.

prelect : (v.i.) deseti; pavadati. (pp.) dasita; pavutta.

prelection : (f.) desanā.

prelector : (m.) desaka.

prelibation : (m.) paṭhamassāda.

preliminary : (nt.) pubbakicca. (adj.) parikammabhūta; pubbakiccāyatta.

prelude : (nt.) ārambhagīta; upacāra-nacca. (v.t.) pubbakiccaṃ karoti.

premature : (adj.) akālapakka; ayathāpariṇata; appattakālika.

prematurely : (adv.) yathākālato pubbe.

prematureness : (m.) akālapariṇāma.

premeditate : (v.t.) pageva saṅkappeti; puretaraṃ cinteti. (pp.) pageva saṅkappita; puretaraṃ cintita.

premeditation : (f.) puretaracintā.

premier : (m.) padhānāmacca. (adj.) pamukha; pāmokkha.

premiership : (nt.) mahāmaccadhura.

premise : (nt.) paṭhamavuttakāraṇa. (v.t.) sabhāvaṃ pakāseti. (pp.) sitasabhāva.

premises : (nt.; plu.) savatthuka-ghara. (f.) vāsabhūmi.

premium : (m.) nihitadhana; pāritosikadāna.

premonition : (nt.) bhavitabbañāpana.

premonitive : puttanimittabhūta.

premonitory : puttanimittabhūta.

prenotion : (nt.) paṭhamataramata.

preparater : (m.) paṭiyādaka.

preparation : (nt.) paṭiyādana; sajjana; parikamma; parivaccha.

preparatory : (adj.) parikammabhūta.

prepare : (v.t.) paṭiyādeti; saṃvidahati; sajjeti; kappeti; saṅkharoti; (a seat, etc) paññāpeti. ( a medicine) yojeti. (v.i.) parivacchaṃ karoti. (pp.) paṭiyādita; saṃvidahita; sajjita; kappita; saṅkhata; paññātta : yojita; parivaccha.

prepay : (v.t.) pageva vetanaṃ deti. (pp) dinnavetana.

prepayment : (nt.) puretara-vetana.

prepense : (adj.) sañciccakata.

preponderance : (m.) bhārātireka. (nt.) ādhipacca; adhikabala.

preponderant : (adj.) (balādīhi) atiriccamāna.

preponderate : (v.i.) (saṅkyābalādīhi) atiriccati. (pp.) atiritta.

preposition : (nt.) nipātapada.

prepositional : (adj.) avyayabhūta.

prepositive : (adj.) purato yojetabba.

prepossess : (v.t.) pageva adhigaṇhāti or vasaṃ neti. (pp.) adhiggahita; vasaṃ nita.

prepossessed : (adj.) jātānurāga.

prepossessing : (adj.) hadayaṅgama.

preposterous : (adj.) dhammaviruddha; ananucchavika.

preposterously : (adv.) adhammena.

preposterousness : (f.) ayutti.

prepotent : (adj.) atipabala.

prepuce : (nt.) mehanaggacamma.

prerequisite : (nt.) pagevāvassaka-vatthu.

prerogative : (m.) visesādhikāra. (nt.) visesabala.

presage : (nt.) pubbanimitta. (v.t.) pageva sūceti. (pp.) sūcita.

prescient : (adj.) anāgatadassī.

prescientence : (nt.) anāgataññāṇa.

presciently : (adv.) anāgatadassitāya.

prescribe : (v.t.) niyameti; niddisati (pp.) niyamita; niddiṭṭha.

prescript : (nt.) vidhāna; (f.) āṇā; nīti; rīti.

prescription : (nt.) niddesapaṇṇa; (m.) bhesajjaniyama.

prescriptive : (adj.) niddesāyatta; paramparāyāta.

presence : (nt.) vijjamānatta. (m.) sammukhībhāva.

presence of mind : (nt.) satisampajañña.

present : (m.) paṇṇākara; upahāra. (nt.) pābhata; upāyana. (adj.) vattamana; vijjamāna; puccupaṭṭhita. (v.t.) upahāraṃ deti; abhimukkaṃ neti; sañjānāpeti. (pp.) dinnopahāra; upahāraṃ dita; abhimukkaṃ nita; sañjānāpita. (v.i.) paccupaṭṭhito hoti.

present existence : (m.) vattamāna-bhava.

present tense : (m.) vattamānakāla.

presentable : (adj.) cārudassana; sañjānāpetabba; tuṭthidāya-yogga.

presentation : (nt.) vitaraṇa. (m.) pariccāga. (nt.) padassana.

presentee : (m.) laddhūpahāra.

presentiment : (f.) pubbopaladdhi. (m.) puretarāvabodha.

presently : (adv.) adhunā; etarāhi; idāni.

presentment : (nt.) pakāsana; paṭibimba. (f.) codanā

preservation : (nt.) saṅgopana; ciraṃ pavattāpana.

preservative : (adj.) anupālaka; cirappavattaka.

preserve : (m.) rakkhitāhāra; migadāya. (f.) abhayabhūmi. (v.t.) rakkhati; anupāleti; saṅgopeti. (pp.) rakkhita; anupālita; saṅgopita.

preserver : (m.) saṅgopaka; anupālaka.

preserving : (adj.) anupālanaka.

preside : (v.i.) aggāsane nisīdati; ādhipaccaṃ pāpuṇāti. (pp.) aggāsane nisinna; ādhipaccaṃ pāpatta.

presidency : (nt.) ādhipacca; paripālakatta.

president : (m.) sabhāpati.

presidential : (adj.) sabhānetuvisayaka.

presidentship : (nt.) sabhāpatitta; nāyakatta.

presiding : (adj.) sabhāpālaka.

press : (m.) janasammadda; sambādha; muddāyanta. (nt.) pīḷakayanta; ppavattipatta. (v.t.) uppīḷeti; abhiyācati; daḷham aliṅgati; upagūhati. (pp.) uppīḷita; abhiyācita; daḷham aliṅgita; upagūḷha.

presser : (m.) nibhandaka; uppīḷaka.

pressing : (adj.) āvasaka; anatikkamiya.

pressure : (m.) pīḷanavega; sambādha; kiccabhāra. (nt.) nippīḷane; nibandhana.

prestidigitation : (nt.) indajāla.

prestidigitator : (m.) nidajālika; māyākāra.

prestige : (nt.) cirāgata-garutta. (m.) cirāgatānubhāva.

prestissimo : (adv.) sīghaṃ; turitaṃ.

presto : (adv.) sīghaṃ; turitaṃ.

presumable : (adj.) anumetabba; ūhanīya.

presumably : (adv.) anumeyākārena.

presume : (v.t) anumāneti; sīmamatikkamati. (v.i.) pāgabbhiyaṃ dasseti. (pp.) anumānita; sīmamatikkamita. (v.i.) pāgabbhiyaṃ dassita.

presumedly : (adv.) anumānena; nayagāhena.

presumption : (m.) anumānagāha. (nt.) pāgabbhiya.

presumptive : (adj.) anumānasiddha; anumeya.

presumptuous : (adj.) sāhasika; pagabbha.

presumptuously : (adv.) sappagabbhaṃ; sadappaṃ.

presuppose : (v.t.) pageva pakappeti or anumāneti.

presupposition : (f.) puretarakappanā.

pretend : (v.t.) vyājena dasseti; micchā ñapeti or paṭipajjati. (v.i.) vyājavesaṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) vyājena dassita; micchā ñapita or paṭipanna; vyājavesaṃ gaṇhita.

pretended : (adj.) vyāja; kapata.

pretendedly : (adv.) savyājaṃ; kohaññena.

pretendence : (nt.) miccharaṇa; sāṭheyya.

pretender : ayathāpaṭiñña; micchāpaṭijānanaka.

pretendingly : (adv.) savyājaṃ; kohaññena.

pretension : (nt.) vyājadassana; vyājavesadhāraṇa; micchāpaṭijānana.

pretentious : (adj.) attukkaṃsaka; micchāpaṭiññāyutta; sābhimāna.

pretentiously : (adv.) michāpaṭiññāya.

preter-human : (adj.) amānusika; manussabhāvātīta.

preterit : (f.) hīyattanī. (adj.) atītakālika.

preterite : (f.) hīyattanī. (adj.) atītakālika.

preterition : (nt.) asallakkhaṇa; vajjana; ohāya-gamana.

pretermit : (v.t.) nasāreti; kātuṃ panussati; parivajjeti. (pp.) asārita; pamuṭṭha; parivajjita.

preternatural : (adj.) alokika; sabhāvātīta.

pretext : (m.) micchāvyapadesa; lesamattagāha. (v.t.) lesamattena codeti. (pp.) lesamattena codita.

prettify : (v.t.) sobhanaṃ karoti.

prettily : (adv.) sundarākārena.

prettiness : (f.) sobhanatā; cārutā.

pretty : (adj.) sobhana; dassanīyā; abhirūpa; cārudassana; sundara; manuñña. (adv.) īsakaṃ : thokaṃ.

prevail : (vi) abhibhavati; vasevatteti. (p.p) abhibhūta; vasevatita.

prevailing : (adj.) vyāpita; bahulībhūta.

prevailingly : (adj.) mahānubhāvena; pabhuttena.

prevalence : (nt.) bāhulla; bahulappavatti.

prevalent : (adj.) vyāpita; bahulībhūta.

prevalently : (adv.) bāhulena; bhīyo.

prevaricate : (v.i.) kuṭilaṃ or pariyāyena vadati or bhāsati. (pp.) kuṭilaṃ or pariyāyena vutta or bhāsita.

prevarication : (f.) vaṅkakathā. (nt.) saccapaṭicchādana.

prevaricator : (m.) saccapaṭicchādī.

prevenience : (nt.) purejātatta; paṭibāhakatta.

prevenient : (adj.) purogāmī; purejāta; paṭibāhaka.

prevent : (v.t.) nivāreti; nisedheti; paṭibāhati. (pp.) nivārita; nisedhita; paṭibahita.

preventer : (m.) nivāretu; nisedhetu.

prevention : (nt.) nivāraṇa; rundhana; paṭibāhana.

preventive : (adj.) nisedhaka; vibādhaka.

previous : (adj.) pubba; purima; puretara.

previous birth : (m.) purimabhava.

previously : (adv.) puretaraṃ; purā; pure.

prevision : (nt.) puretaradassana; anāgatañāṇa.

prewarn : (v.t.) pagevañāpeti. (pp.) pagevañāpita.

prey : (m.) gocara. (nt.) āmisa; bhakkha. (v.t.) (upon) bhakkhati; adati; gocaraṃ gaṇhati. (pp.) bhakkhita; adita; gahitagocara.

price : (nt.) aggha; mūla. (v.t.) aggheti; agghaṃ niyameti. (pp.) agghita; niyamitaggha.

priceless : (adj.) mahaggha; anaggha.

pricelessness : (nt.) anagghatta.

prick : (nt.) tudana; nittudana; vijjhana; tutta. (m.) patoda. (v.t.) tudati; nittudati; vijjhati; vyathati. (pp.) tudita or tunna; viddha; vyathita.

pricker : (m.) vedhaka; nittudaka. (f.) vedhanī.

prickle : (m.) kaṇṭaka. (f.) sallakasūci.

prickliness : (nt.) kaṇṭakagahanatta.

prickly : (adj.) sakaṇṭaka.

prickly-night-shade : (f.) nididdhikā.

prickly-pear : (m.) sakaṇtaka nuhī.

pride : (m.) mada; māsa; dappa; ahaṅkāra. (nt.) pāgabbhiya. (v.t.) (oneself upon : ) vikattheti; attānaṃ ukkaṃseti. (pp.) vikatthita; attānaṃ ukkaṃsita.

pride of life : (m.) jīvitamada.

pride of youth : (m.) yobbanamada.

priest : (m.) samaṇa; dhammācariya; devapūjaka; yajaka.

priest craft : (m.) samaṇopāya.

priestess : (f.) samaṇī.

priesthood : (m.) samaṇabhāva.(nt.) sāmañña.

priestliness : (m.) samaṇākappa.

priestly : (adj.) sāmaṇaka; samaṇasāruppa.

prig : (nt.) ācārānugatatta. (m.) dappitapuggala; cora. (v.t.) coreti; theneti. (pp.) corita; thenita;

priggery : (m.) ahaṅkāra.

priggish : (adj.) gabbita; bahisobhana.

prima facie : (adv.) āpāthagatavasena; paṭhamadassanena.

primacy : (nt.) padhānatta.

primal : (adj.) purātana; ādikappika; padhāna.

primarily : (adv.) mūlikavasena; ādito; paṭhamaṃ.

primary : (adj.) ādima; mūlika; paṭhamaka.

primary education : (nt.) paṭhamakajjhāpana.

primary school : (f.) mūlika-pāṭhasālā.

prime : (m.) uttamaṃsa. (f.) samiddhāvatthā. (m.) ādi; paṭhamārambha. (adj.) paṭhama; ādima; padhāna.

prime minister : (m.) mahāmacca.

prime of youth : (m.) paṭhamavaya.

primeness : (nt.) visiṭṭhatta; uttamatta.

primer : (f.) paṭhama-pāṭhāvali.

primeval : (adj.) ādikappika; sanantana.

primiparous : (adj.)(f.) paṭhamavijātā.

primitive : (adj.) purātana; pubbakālīna.

primogenitor : (m.) paṭhamapitu; mūlapurisa; ādima.

primogeniture : (nt.) paṭhamajātatta; aggajatta.

primordial : mūlabhūta; ādito paṭhāya pavattamāna.

primrose : (m.) mandapīta-pupphavisesa.

prince : (m.) rājakumāra.

princely : (adj.) rājāraha; rājasadisa.

princess : (f.) rājaputtī; rājakumārī.

principal : (nt.) padhānādhikārī. (m.) padhānācariya. (nt.) mūladhana. (adj.) padhāna; mukhya.

principality : (m.) rajjappadesa. (nt.) rajjamaṇḍala. (m.) jāyattadesa.

principally : (adv.) padhānavasena.

principalship : (nt.) padhānācariya-dhura.

principia : (f.) pt. mūlasikkhā. (f.) mūladhātu.

principle : (f.) rīti. (m.) vidhi; niyama. (nt.) mūlikasacca.

prink : (v.t.) alaṅkaroti; pasādheti. (pp.) alaṅkarita; pasādhita.

print : (f.) muddā. (m.) muddaṅkana. (nt.) cittapaṭa. (v.t.) aṅketi; muddāpeti. (pp.) aṅkita; muddāpita.

printer : (m.) muddāpaka.

printing : (m.) muddaṅkana.

printing office : (m.) muddaṅkanālaya.

printing press : (nt.) muddāyanta.

prior : (adj.) purima; puretara. (adv.) puretaraṃ. (m.) vihārādhipati.

priority : (nt.) puretaratta; purimatta.

priory : (m.) vihāra; ārāma; asama.

prism : (m.) dīgha-tulyaṃsaka.

prison : (nt.) bandhanāgāra; andughara; cāraka. (f.) kārā; suruṅgā.

prison warder : (m.) kārāpālaka.

prisoner : (m.) kārābaddha; bandhanagata.

pristine : (adj.) mūlika; porāṇaka.

prithee : (intj.) ahaṃ taṃ yācāmi.

privacy : (nt.) rahassa; apākaṭatta. (nt.) vivittaṭthāna.

private : (adj.) puggalika; ajjhattika; gutta; apākaṭa; vijana; vivitta.

private apartments : (nt.) itthāgāra; antepura.

private parts : (nt.) rahassaṅga; aṅgajāta.

privately : (adv.) raho; rahassena; puggalikatta; rāhasikatta.

privation : (m.) abhāva; viraha. (f.) pārihāni.(nt.) pārijuñña.

privative : (m.) abhāvattha; nakārattha. (adj.) abhāvakara; nāsakara.

privilege : (m.) visesādhikāra; pasāda; vara. (v.t.) visesādhikāraṃ or varaṃ deti. (pp.) dinnavara.

privileged : (adj.) varalābhī.

privily : (adv.) raho; rahasi; gūḷhākārena.

privity : (nt.) rahassajānana.

privy : (f.) vaccakuṭi. (adj.) gūḷha; rāhaseyyaka.

privy cleaner : (m.) vaccasodhaka.

privy pit : (m.) vaccakūpa.

prize : (nt.) paritosika; upāyana; karamarānīta. (m.) kaṭaggāha. (v.t.) agghaṃ thapeti; bahumaññati. (pp.) ṭhapitaggha; bahumata.

prize giving : (nt.) pāritosikavissajjana.

pro : (prep.) atthāya.

probability : (nt.) sukkhuṇeyyatta.

probable : (adj.) sambhavanīya; bhabba; sakya.

probably : (adv.) siyā.

probate : (m.) accayadāna-paṇṇādhikāra.

probation : (nt.) caritaparikkhaṇa. (m.) parivāsa.

probational : (adj.) parivasamāna.

probationary : (adj.) parivāsāyatta.

probationer : (m.) parivāsagāhī; ādhunika.

probative : (adj.) sasakhika; sādhanasahita.

probe : (v.t.) sukkumaṃ nirikkhati; salākāya gavesati. (pp.) sukkumaṃ nirikkhita; salākāya gavesita.

probing : (nt.) gavesana.

probity : (nt.) ajjava; akuṭilatta.

problem : (m.) vicāranīya-visaya; tīranīya-pañha.

problematical : (adj.) vicāranīya; avinicchita.

proboscis : (f.) soṇḍā. (m.) soṇḍākāra-avayava.

procedure : (nt.) vidhāna; anuṭṭhāna. (m.) anukkama.

proceed : (v.i.) abhikkamati; abhiyāti; ārabhati. (pp.) abhikkanta; abhiyāta; āraddha.

proceed from : pabhavati; niggacchati.

proceeds : (m.) plu. ūdaya; lābha.

process : (f.) pavatti; gati; kiccapaṭipāti. (nt.) abhikkamana. (v.i.) abhikkamati; paṭipātiyā gacchati.

process of cognition : (f.) cittavīthi.

procession : (f.) ussavayātrā. (nt.) paṭipāṭiyā gamana.

proclaim : (v.t.) pakāseti; anusāveti; ugghoseti. (pp.) pakāsita; anusāvita; ugghosita.

proclaimatory : (adj.) anusāvaṇāyatta.

proclaimer : (m.) anusāvaka; pakāsaka.

proclamation : (nt.) anusāvana; pakāsana.

proclivity : (nt.) ponatta; ninnatta; sampavaṅkatta.

proclivous : (adj.) nina; poṇa.

procrastinate : (v.i.) vilambati; cirāyati; kālaṃ khepeti; pamajjati. (v.t.) vilambeti. (pp.) vilambita; cirāyita; khepitakāla; pamatta.

procrastination : (m.) kālakkhepa. (nt.) cirāyana; vilambana; pamajjana; dīghasuttiya.

procreate : (v.t.) janeti; uppādeti; (pp.) janita; uppādita.

procreation : (nt.) janana; pasavana.

procreative : (adj.) jakaka; uppādaka.

proctor : (m.) nītividū; paṭivattu.

procumbent : (adj.) avakujjapatita; adhomukkanipama.

procurable : (adj.) adhigantabba; labbhaneyya; sādhiya.

procuration : (nt.) sampādana; adhigamana.

procurator : (m.) parakiccasampādaka.

procure : (v.t.) sampādeti; adhigacchati; upaṭṭhāpeti; labhati. (pp.) sampādita; adhigata; upaṭṭhāpita; laddha.

procurer : (m.) sampādaka; micchācārupatthambhaka.

procuress : (f.) dhuttitthī; sañcārikā.

prod : (f.) vijjhanasūci. (v.t.) nittudati; vijjhati. (pp.) nittunna; viddha.

prodigal : (adj.) atibbayasīlī. (m.) dhananāsaka.

prodigality : (f.) atibbayakāritā.

prodigalize : (v.t.) adhikavayaṃ karoti.

prodigally : (adv.) adhikavayena.

prodigious : (adj.) atimahanta; abbhutākāra.

prodigiously : (adv.) abbhutākārena; atimattaṃ; adhimattaṃ.

prodigy : (m.) abbhutapurisa. (nt.) acchariyavatthu.

prodrome : (nt.) rogapubbanimitta. (m.) puretara-gantha.

produce : (f.) nipphati; (m.) udaya. (nt.) nimmāṇa. (v.t.) uppādeti; nipphādeti; samuṭṭhāpeti; nibbatteti. (pp.) uppādita; nipphādita; samuṭṭhāpita; nibbattita.

producer : (m.) nipphādaka; sampādaka; uṭṭhāpetu.

producible : (adj.) uppādanīya; sampadanakkhama.

producing : (adj.) nibbattaka; sañjanaka; samuṭṭhāpaka; uppādana; nipphādana.

product : (nt.) uppannavatthu; sampāditabbaṇḍa; phala. (m.) vipāka.

production : (nt.) abhinipphādana.

productive : (adj.) phaladāyaka; nipphādaka.

productively : (adv.) saphalākārena.

productivity : (nt.) phalāvahatta; saphalatta.

proem : (m.) upaññāsa. ārambhakathā; bhūmikā.

profanation : (nt.)apavittakaraṇa.

profane : (v.t.) dūseti; asuddhaṃ karoti; (pp.) dūsita; asuddhakata. (adj.) anariya; pothujjanika; gamma.

profanely : (adv.) adhammikatāya.

profanity : (nt.)apavittakaraṇa.

profess : (v.i.) paṭijānāti. pakāseti; uggaṇhāpeti; vyapadisati. (pp.) paṭiññāta; pakāsita; uggaṇhāpita; upadiṭtha.

professed : (adj.) katapaṭiñña.

professedly : (adv.) paṭiññāpubbakaṃ.

profession : (f.) paṭiññā; āpattidesanā. (m.) jīvanopāya.

professional : (adj.) ājīvayatta.

professor : (m.) paṇḍitācariya; mahajjhāpaka.

professorship : (nt.) paṇḍitācariyadhura.

proffer : (m.) dātukāmatāpakāsana.(v.t.) attano icchāya samappeti; dātukāmattaṃ or kātukāmattaṃ pakāseti. (pp.) attano icchāya samappita; dātukāmattaṃ or kātukāmattaṃ pakāsita.

proficiency : (nt.) nepuñña; kosalla; pāṭava.

proficient : (adj.) nipuṇa; kusala; pavīṇa; vyatta; dakkha.

proficiently : (adv.) nipuṇatāya; pavīṇatāya.

profile : (nt.) addhadassana; ekapassālekha. (v.t.) ekappassikālekham ālikhati. (pp.) ālikhita.

profit : (m.) attha; lābha; udaya; . (nt.) payojana. (f.) vaḍḍhi. (v.t.) hitam āvahati. (v.i.) atthāya hoti; unnatiṃ yāti; lābham adhigacchati. (pp.) āvahitahita; atthāya bhūta; unnatiṃ yāta; adhigatalābha.

profitable : (adj.) hitāvaha; phaladāyī.

profitableness : (nt.) saphalatta.

profitabless : (adj.) nipphala; niratthaka.

profitably : (adv.) saphalākārena.

profiteer : (m.) adhikalābhagāhī.

profligacy : (f.) durācāratā; kāmāsattatā.

profligate : (adj.) durācāra; pāparata.

profligately : (adv.) kāmāsattatāya.

profound : (adj.) duravabodha; atisukhuma; agādha; gambhīra; parema; uttama. (nt.) gambhīratta.

profoundly : (adv.) gāḷhaṃ; bhusaṃ; accantaṃ.

profoundness : (nt.) gambhīratta.

profundity : (nt.)gambhīratta.

profuse : (adj.) cāgādhika; pahūta; pacura; bahula; vipula.

profusely : (adv.) bahulaṃ; bhīyo; bāhullena.

profuseness : (nt.) bāhulla; vepulla; pacuratta.

profusion : (f.) samiddhi.

progenitive : (adj.) santatuppādaka.

progenitor : (m.) pajāpati; pitāmaha; ādipurisa.

progenitress : (f.) paṭhamajanettī;

progenitrix : (f.) ādimanātu.

progeniture : (nt.) appaccajanana.

progeny : (f.) santati; pajā. (m.) kulavaṃsa.

prognathic : (adj.) lambabanuka.

prognosis : (nt.) roganimitta.

prognostic : (nt.) pubbanimitta.

prognosticate : (v.t.) pubbanimittaṃ dasseti; pagevasūceti.

prognostication : (nt.) nimittapaṭhana.

prognosticative : (adj.) anāgatasūcaka; pageva nirūpaka.

prognosticator : (m.) nimittapāṭhaka; anāgatasūcaka.

prognosticatory : (adj.) anāgatasūcaka; pageva nirūpaka.

programme : (f.) kiccapaṭipāṭi; kāriya-sūci. (v.t.) kāriyasūciṃ sampādeti

progress : (f.) abhivuddhi. (nt.) abbhuṭṭhāna. (f.) unnati. (nt.) abhikkamanana. (v.i.) abhivaḍḍhati. (v.t.) abhikkamati. (pp.) abhivuddha; abhikkanta.

progression : (nt.) abhigamana; abhivaḍḍhana.

progressive : (adj.) vuddhigāmī; vaḍḍhamāna; anukkamika.

progressively : (adv.) anukkamena.

prohibit : (v.t.) nuvāreti; nsedheti; paṭisedheti. (pp.) nivārita; nisedhita.

prohibiter : (m.) nisedhaka; nivāretu.

prohibition : (m.) nisedha paṭisedha. (m.) nivāraṇa.

prohibitive : (adj.) vāraka; bādhaka.

prohibitor : (m.) nisedhaka; nivāretu.

project : (v.t.) upakkamati; abhikkhipati. (v.i.) bahi niggacchati; (pp.) upakkamita; abhikkhitta; bahi niggata. (m.) puāya; payoga; saṅkappa.

projectile : (n.t) paharaṅa; khipanakāyudha. (adj.) khipanīya.

projecting : (adj.) bahiniggata.

projection : (m.) upāya; bahiniggama. (nt.) unnataṭṭhāna.

projector : (m) upāyayojaka.

projecture : (m.) bahiniggama.

prolapse : (v.i.) adho bhassati. (pp.) adho bhaṭṭha.

prolapsus : (nt.) adhopatana; antabhassana.

prolative : (adj.) ākhyātapūraka.

prolegomenon : (f.) ārambhakathā. (m.) pubbaniddesa.

prolepsis : (f.) pubbavuttāpekkhā.

proletarian : (m.) duggatajana.

proletariat : (f.) duggatajanatā.

prolicide : (nt.) apaccaghātana.

prolific : (adj.) bahuputtaka; bahuphalada; samiddha.

prolificacy : (nt.) samiddhatta;

prolificness : (nt.) bahuphaladatta.

prolix : (adj.) ativitthātita; atipapañcita.

prolixity : (m.) ativitthāra.

prolixly : (adv.) ativitthārena.

prologue : (m.) mukhabandha; ārambhakathā; paṭhamaviññatti.

prolong : (v.t.) vitanoti; papañceti. (pp.) vitata; papañcita.

prolongation : (nt.) papañcakaraṇa; dīghasuttiya; cirappavattikaraṇa.

promenade : (nt.) caṅkamana; anuvicaraṇatthāna. (v.i.) anuvicarati; anusañcarati. (pp.) anuvicatita.

prominence : (nt.) seṭṭhatta; mukhyatta. (f.) unnati; uttuṅgatā.

prominent : (adj.) pamukha; padhāna; mukhya; ukkaṭṭha; visṭṭha; tuṅga; uggata; unnata; supākaṭa.

prominently : (adv.) visesena; mukhyavasena.

promiscuity : (nt.) sammissatta; saṇkiṇṇatta.

promiscuous : (f) paṭiññā. (m.) paṭissava; saṅgara. (v.t.) paṭijānāti; paṭisuṇāti. (pp.) paṭiññāta; paṭissuta.

promisee : (m.) paṭiññālābhī.

promiser : (m.) paṭiññadāyī.

promising : (adj.) paṭijānamāna; sikkhisūcanaka.

promissory : (adj.) sappaṭiññā.

promissory note : (nt.) iṇapaṇṇa.

promontory : (f.) bhūhāsikā.

promote : (v.t.) abhivaḍḍheti; unnatiṃ pāpeti. (pp.) abhivaḍḍhita; unnatiṃ pāpita.

promoter : (m.) unnatipāpaka.

promotion : (nt.) unnatipāpana.

promotive : (adj.) abhivaḍḍhaka; unnatipāpaka.

prompt : (adj.) (n.) khippa; turita; avilambita; appamatta. (v.t) ussāheti; uttejeti; pabodheti.

prompting : (nt.) uttejana; uyyojana.

promptitude : (nt.) turitatta; paṭutta. (nt.) ussāha. (of mind : ) paṭibhāna.

promptly : (adv.) āsu; khippaṃ; turitaṃ; tuvaṭaṃ.

promptness : (nt.) turitatta; paṭutta. (nt.) ussāha. (of mind : ) paṭibhāna.

promulgate : (v.t.) pakāseti; vyāpeti. (pp.) pakāsita; vyāpita.

promulgation : (nt.) pakāsana; vyāpana.

promulgator : (m.) pakāsaka; vyāpaka.

pronate : (v.t.) abhimukhaninnaṃ karoti.

pronation : (nt.) abhimukhapasāraṅa.

pronator : (f.) abhimukhapasāraka-pesi.

prone : (adj.) poṇa; nata; parāyaṇa; adhomukha.

prong : (nt.) vijjhana-sūla. (v.t.) sūlena vijjhati; (bahudantakena) paṃsuṃ viyūhati. (pp.) sūlaviddha; paṃsuṃ viyūhitapaṃsu.

pronominal : (adj.) sabbanamāyatta.

pronoun : (nt.) sabbanama.

pronounce : (v.t.i.) nicchayona vadati; uccaerti; udāharati. (pp.) nicchayenavutta; uccārita; udāhaṭa.

pronounceable : (adj.) uccāraṇīya; udāhariya.

pronounced : (adj.) sunicchita; pakāsita.

pronouncement : (nt.) nicchayadāna; tīraṇa; udīraṇa.

pronunciation : (nt.) uccāraṇa; udīraṇa.

proof : (nt.) sādhana; nidassana; pamāṇa. (nt.) sodhiyapaṇṇa. (adj.) sahanakkhama; avinivijjhiya. (v.t.) abhejjaṃ or avejjhaṃ karoti. (pp.) avejjhakata.

proof-reader : (m.) vaṇṇasodhaka.

proofless : (adj.) sādhanahīna.

prop : (m.) upatthambha; ādhara. (v.t.) upatthambheti; ādhāreti. (pp.) upatthambhita; ādhārita.

propaedeutic : (nt.) paṭhamasikkhāpana. (nt.) vijjārambha.

propaganda : (nt.) dhammappacāraṇa; pacārakavidhāna.

propagandism : (m.) pacāraṇavidhi.

propagandist : (n.) pacāraniyutta.

propagate : (v.t.) vitanoti; pacāreti; santatiṃ vaḍḍheti. (pp.) vitata; rita; vaḍḍhitasantatī.

propagation : (nt.) pacāraṇa; vyāpana; santativaḍḍhana.

propagative : (adj.) pacāraṇāyatta.

propagator : (m.) pacāraka; vaḍḍhetu.

propel : (v.t.) sañcāleti; abhikkamāpeti. (pp.) sañcālita; abhikkamāpita.

propeller : (nt.) sañcālakacakka.

propense : see prone.

propensity : (nt.) poṇatta; parāyaṇatta.

proper : (adj.) yogga; ucita; patirūpa; anucchavida; anulomika; yathāraha; nija; saka; attaniya.

proper to eat : (adj.) bhojja; khāditabba.

propercourse : (f.) sammāpaṭipatti.

properly : (adv.) sammā; yathābhūtaṃ; yathārahaṃ.

property : (nt.) dhana; santakavatthu. (m.) guṇavisesa. (nt.) sabhāvalakkhaṇa.

prophecy : (nt.) anāgatādisana.

prophesy : (v.t.) anāgatam ādisati. (pp.) ādiṭṭhānāgata.

prophet : (m.) anāgatavattu.

prophetess : (f.) anāgatadassikā.

prophethood : (m.) anāgatavattubhāva.

prophetic : (adj.) anāgatadeskāyatta; anāgatasūcaka.

prophylactic : (adj.) (n.) roganivāraka.

propinquity : (nt.) āsannnatta; samānatta. (m.) ñatisambandha.

propitiate : (v.t.) ārādheti; pasādeti; paritoseti. (pp.) ārādhita; pasādita; paritosita.

propitiation : (f.) ārādhanā; pasādanā.

propitiator : (m.) ārādhaka; pasādetu.

propitiatory : (adj.) santikara; vūpasamaka.

propitious : (adj.) pasanna; hitakara; subha; maṅgala; kalyāṇa.

propitiously : (adv.) sadyaṃ sānuggahaṃ iṭthākārena.

propitiousness : (nt.) subhatta; anukūlatta.

proponent : (m.) parimāna; ārohapariṇāha. samabhāga; samappamāṇa.

proponuder : (m.) yojanākārī.

proportion : (m.) parimāna; ārohapariṇāha. (nt.) samabhāga; samappamāṇa.

proportional : (adj.) samappamāṇa; anurūpa.

proportionate : adj.) saṅghaṭiyamāna.

proportionately : (adv.) anurūpākārena; yathāpamāṇaṃ.

proportionless : (adj.) ocityahīna; asaṅghaṭiyamāna.

proposal : (m.) kattabbaniddesa. (f.) yojanā. vivāhāpucchā.

propose : (v.t.) kattabbaṃ niddisati; mataṃ āvīkaroti; vivāham āpucchati. (pp. niddiṭṭhakattabba; āvīkatamata; āpuṭṭhavivāha.

proposition : (nt.) kattukamyatāñāpana. pakāsana. (m.) nūladhamma.

propound : (v.t.) vicāraṇāya upakkhipati; yojanag āharati. (pp.) vicāraṇāya upakkhitta; āhaṭayojana.

proprietary : (adj.) adhīnatāvisayaka. (nt.) sāmitta.

proprietor : (m.) sāmī; pariggāhī.

proprietorship : (nt.) sāmitta; adhīnatta.

propriety : (m.) ucitatta; yoggatta. sadācāra.

propulsion : (nt.) abhikkamāpana; abhinittudana.

propulsive : (adj.) abhinittudaka.

prorogue : (v.t.) dālikavasena nivatteti. (pp.) kālikavasena nivattita.

prosaic : (adj.) gajjamaya; kabbarasahīna.

prosaist : (m.) gajjasamapādaka.

proscribe : (v.t.) raṭṭhā pabbājeti; ārakkhārahitaṃ karoti. (pp.) raṭṭhā pabbājita;

proscription : (nt.) pabbājana; rakkhāpanayana.

prose : (m.) gajjabandha. (v.t.) (pfjjaṃ) gajjarūpena likhati; gajjarūpena likhita. Prosector

prosector : (m.) matacehavicchedaka.

prosecute : (v.t.) nirantaraṃ pavatteti. (v.i.) adhikaraṇe codeti; vinicchayaṃ neti. (pp.) nirantaraṃ pavattita; adhikaraṇe codita; vinicchayaṃ nīta.

prosecuted : (adj.) codita; daṇḍappatta.

prosecution : (nt.) niccānuṭṭhāna; aṭṭakaraṇa.

prosecutor : (m.) codaka; abhiyuñjaka; niccappavattaka.

prosecutrix : (f.) codikā.

proselyte : (m.) sadhammacāgī; samayantaragāhī.

proselytise : (v.i.) sakadhammaṃ cajati. (pp.) cattasakadhamma.

proselytism : (nt.) samayantaragahaṇa.

prosify : (v.t.) gajjaṃ racayati; gajjataṃ pāpeti. (pp.) gajjaracita; gajjataṃ pāpita.

prosodial : (adj.) chandovisayaka.

prosodian : (m.) chandovidū.

prosodic : (adj.) chandovisayaka.

prosodical : (adj.) chandovisayaka.

prosodist : (m.) chandovidū.

prosody : (nt.) chandosattha.

prosopopoeia : (nt.) sacetanattāropaṇa.

prospect : (m.) dassanapatha. (f.) anāgatāpekkhā. (v.t.) khaṇijatthāya (bhūmiṃ) gavesati.

prospective : (adj.) bhavitabba; anāgatāyatta.

prospectively : (adv.) anāgatāpekkhāya.

prospectus : (f.) nidassanalipi. (nt.) kāriyānukkamadassana.

prosper : (v.i.) samijjhati; sampajjati; abhivaḍḍhati. (v.t.) saṃvaḍḍheti; saphalīkaroti. (pp.) samiddha; sampanna; abhivuddha. samvaḍḍhita; saphalīkata.

prosperity : (f.) samiddhi; sampatti; abhivuddhi. (m.) abbhudaya.

prosperous : (adj.) samiddha; sassirīka; phīta; saphala; vaḍḍhamāna.

prosperously : (adv.) samiddhākārena; sobhaggena.

prosperousness : (nt.) samiddhatta; sāphalya.

prosthesis : (nt.) ādyakkharavaḍḍhana; vikalaṅgapūraṇa.

prostitute : (f.) gaṇikā; vesiyā; vaṇṇadāsī. (v.t.) gārayhakamme niyojeti. (pp.) gārayhakamme niyojita.

prostitution : (f.) gaṇikāvutti. (nt.) gārayhakamma.

prostrate : (adj.) 1. gāravābhinata; 2. abhibhūta; 3. tiriyaṃ nipanna. (v.t.) (oneself : ) nipaccakāraṃ karoti; pādamūle patati; 2. abhibhavati; vināseti. (pp.) katanipaccakāra; pādamūle patita; abhibhūta; vināsita.

prostration : (m.) nipaccakāra. (f.) gāravābhinati.

protagonist : (nt.) (naccādisu) paddhānapuggala.

protasis : (nt.) pubbavākya. (m.) siddhanta.

protean : (adj.) bahuvesayutta; vividhasāmatthiyadhara.

protect : (v.t.) tāyati; rakkhati; gopeti; pāleti. (pp.) tāyita; rakkhita; gopita; pālita.

protection : (f.) ārakkhā. (nt.) tāyana; tāṇa; leṇa; parittāṇa.

protective : (adj.) paṭisaraṇa; tāṇabhūta.

protector : (m.) pāletu; gopetu; tāyaka; rakkhaka.

protectress : (f.) gopikā; rakkhikā.

protege : (m.) saraṇagata.

protest : (v.t.i.) paṭikkosati; paṭivirujjhati. (pp.) paṭikkosita; paṭiviruddha. (f.) paṭikkosanā. (nt.) paṭivirujjhana. (m.) viruddhavāda.

protestation : (f.) paṭikkosanā; vipaccakatā.

protester : paṭikkosaka; viruddhavādī.

protestingly : (adv.) paṭikkosanena.

protocol : (f.) paṭhamākati. (m.) paṭhamuddesa.

protogenetic : (adj.) paṭhamavaḍḍhanāyatta.

protoplasm : (f.) jīvadhātu.

prototype : (f.) mūlikapaṭimā. (nt.) mūlapaṭibimba.

protract : (v.t.) 1. vilambeti; 2. vitthambheti. (pp.) vilambita; vithambhita.

protraction : (nt.) 1. cirāyana; vilambana; dīghasuttiya; 2. vitthambhana.

protrude : (v.i.) niggacchati; palambati. (pp.) niggata; palambita. (v.t.) nikkhamāpeti; palambeti. (pp.) nikkhamāpita; palambita.

protrudent : (adj.) bahiniggata; palambamāna.

protruding : (adj.) bahiniggata; palambamāna.

protrusile : (adj.) pasāraṇakkhama.

protrusion : (nt.) bahipasāraṇa. (m.) bahiniggama.

protrusive : (adj.) pasāraṇīya; pasāraṇakkhama.

protuberance : (nt.) uddhumāyana. (m.) phoṭa; gaṇḍa.

protuberant : (adj.) ucchūna; uddhumāta; bahiniggata.

proud : (adj.) sadappa; gabbita; mānatthaddha.

proud of birth : (adj.) jātitthaddha.

proud of wealth : (adj.) dhanatthaddha.

proudly : (adv.) sadappaṃ; sābhimānaṃ.

provable : (adj.) samatthanīya; sādhanīya.

prove : (v.t.) samatthayati; tathattaṃ dīpeti. (v.i.) paññāyati; sandassīyati. (pp.) samatthayita; dīpita-tathatta; paññāta; sandiṭṭha.

provenance : (nt.) ubbhavaṭṭhāna; pabhavaṭṭhāna.

provender : (m.) ghāsa. (nt.) pasubhojana; sambala.

proverb : (nt.) ābhāṇaka.

proverbial : (adj.) ābhāṇakāyatta.

proverbially : (adv.) ābhāṇakavasena.

provide : (v.t.) sampādeti; upaṭṭhapeti; paṭiyādeti. (pp.) sampādita; upaṭṭhapita; paṭiyādita.

provided : (conj.) sace; yadi.

providence : (f.) niyati; dūradassitā. (nt.) pubbakamma. (m.) pubbopāya.

provident : (adj.) dūradassī; samekkhaka; pubbavīmaṃsī.

providential : (adj.) vidhiniyamita.

providentially : (adv.) vidhiniyamena.

providently : (adv.) susamekkha; dūradassanea.

provider : (m.) sampādaka.

province : (m.) padesa. (nt.) niyamitakicca.

provincial : (adj.; n.) padesika; padesavāsī.

provincialism : (m.) padesācāra.

provinciality : (nt.) padesikatta.

provision : (nt.) saṃvidhana; sampādana; sambala; pātheyya; upakaraṇa. (m.) paribbaya. (f.; plu.) bhojanavatthūni. (v.t.) sampādeti. (pp.) sampādita.

provisional : (adj.) sāmayika; tāvakālika.

provisionally : (adv.) tāvakālikaṃ.

proviso : (m.) paṭiññāpanne visesaniyama.

provisor : (m.) visesaniyamadhārī.

provisory : (adj.) visesaniyamayutta.

provocation : (nt.) 1. pakopana; 2. ujjhāpana; 3. uttejana.

provocative : (adj.) pakopaka; uddīpaka.

provoke : (v.t.) 1. kopeti; roseti; 2. ujjhāpeti; 3. uttejeti. (pp.) kopita; posita; ujjhāpita; uttejita.

provost : (m.) 1. vijjālayādhikārī; 2. saṅghanāyaka.

prow : (nt.) nāvāsīsa. (adj.) nibbhaya; sūra.

prowess : (m.) sūratta; vīratta. (nt.) porisa.

prowl : (nt.) raho-paribbhamaṇa. (v.i.) raho paribbhamati or pariyaṭati.

proximate : (adj.) samīpa; āsanna; upantika.

proximately : (adv.) āsannatāya.

proximity : (nt.) āsannatta; antikatta.

proximo : (adv.) āgāmi-māse.

proxy : (m.) paṭinidhi; niyojitapuggala.

prude : (f.) ativinayadassikā.

prudecy : (nt.) micchāhirotappa.

prudence : (f.) nepakka; samekkhā; dūradassitā.

prudent : (adj.) nipaka; dūradassī; samekkhakārī.

prudential : (adj.) vīmaṃsaka; samekkhāyutta.

prudentially : (adv.) anuvicca; samekkhāya.

prune : (nt.) sukkha-badara. (m.) badaravaṇṇa. (v.t.) aggāni chindati. (pp.) aggacchinna.

prunella : (m.) kaṇṭhadāha.

prurience : (f.) kamalolatā.

prurient : (adj.) kāmāsatta.

pruritus : (m.) kuṭṭharoga.

pry : (nt.) sukhuma-nirikkhaṇa. (m.) anāhūtappavesa. (v.i.) sukhumaṃ nirkkhati; parakiccāni gavesati. (pp.) sukhumaṃ nirikkhita; parakiccāni gavesita.

prying : (nt.) parakiccagavesana.

psalm : (nt.) bhattigīta; dhammagīta.

psalmist : (m.) dhammagītabandhaka.

psalmodist : (m.) bhattigītagāyaka.

pseudograph : (nt.) vyājalekhana. (f.) kūṭalipi.

pseudologer : (m.) satatamicchāvādī.

pseudonym : (nt.) vyājanāma.

pseudonymous : (adj.) kūṭanāmadhārī.

pshaw : (intj.) dhiratthu !

psilosis : (nt.) (kesādi-) luñcana.

psittacine : (adj.) sukasadisa.

psyche : (m.) jīva. (nt.) viññāṇa; citta.

psychiater : (m.) manorogatikicchaka.

psychic : (adj.) mānasāyatta; ajjhattika.

psychical : (adj.) mānasāyatta; ajjhattika.

psychological : (adj.) cittavisayaka.

psychologist : (m.) cittadhammavidū.

psychology : (f.) cetasikavijjā; ajjhattavijjā.

psychopath : (m.) vibbhantacitta.

psychosis : (m.) cittavibbhama.

pteropus : (m.) tūlitya; pakkhabiḷāla.

puberty : (nt.) yobbana. (f.) viññutā; vayappatti.

pubescence : (f.) yobbanappatti.

pubescent : (adj.) pattayobbana; rajoyutta.

public : (f.) janatā. (m.) mahājana. (adj.) mahājanika; sabasādhāraṇa; pasiddha; pākaṭa.

public house : (nt.) pānāgāra.

public road : (m.) mahāpatha.

public spirited : (adj.) paratthanirata.

publication : (nt.) (gantha-) pakāsana; pākaṭīkaraṇa.

publicist : (m.) jananītikovida.

publicity : (f.) passiddhi; vissuti. (nt.) pākaṭatta.

publicly : (adv.) supākaṭaṃ; pasiddhākārena.

publish : (v.t.) pacāreti; pakāseti; pākaṭīkaroti. (pp.) pacārita; pakāsita; pākaṭīkata.

publishable : (adj.) pākāṭīkattabba.

publisher : (m.) pakāsaka; pacāraka.

pucker : (f.) āvali. (m.) āvalisamūha. (v.t.) valiṃ gaṇhāpeti; āvaliyo karoti. (v.i.) valiṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) valiṃ gaṇhāpita; āvalīkata; valiggahita.

pudding : (nt.) madhurabhojja.

pudding head : (m.) jaḷamati.

puddle : (m.) kaddamāvāṭa; sobbha. (nt.) udakacikkhalla. (v.t.) āvilaṃ or cikkhallaṃ karoti. (pp.) āvilīkata.

pudency : (f.) vinītatā.

pudendum : (nt.) mehana; vatthaguyha; rahassaṃga.

pudendum virile : (m.) kāṭa.

pudendumulibre : (f.) koṭacikā.

pudge : (m.) thullavāmanaka.

pudgy : (adj.) thullavāmana.

puerile : (adj.) bālocita.

puerility : (nt.) bālocitatta.

puerily : (adv.) bālocitākārena.

puerperal : (adj.) pasūtivisayaka.

puff : (nt.) sahasā-dhamana; sahasāvāyana. (m.) sakiṃ mocita-dhūmapuñja. (v.t.) sahasā dhamati or nicchāreti. (v.i.) uddhumāyati. (pp.) sahasā dhamita or nicchārita; uddhumāta.

puffiness : (nt.) uddhumātatta.

puffy : (adj.) vāyamayutta; uddhumāta; atithūla.

pug : (f.) saṅkhatamattikā. (nt.) pasupadalañchana. (v.t.) (iṭṭhakādhatthāya) mattikaṃ saṅkharoti; 2. padasaññāya anubandhati.

pug-faced : (adj.) kapimukha.

pug-nose : (f.) cipiṭanāsā.

pug-nosed : (adj.) cipiṭanāsika.

puggish : (adj.) cipiṭanāsika.

pugilist : (m.) mallayodha.

pugilistism : (nt.) mallayuddha.

pugmill : (nt.) mattikāpiṃsaka-yatta.

pugnacious : (adj.) kalahappiya.

puisne : (adj.) kaṇiṭṭha; upapadaṭṭha.

puissance : (nt.) sūratta. (m.) vikkama.

puissant : (adj.) pabala; savikkama.

puke : (m.) vamathu. (f.) chaddikā. (v.i.) vamati. (v.t.) vamāpeti; vamanaṃ uppādeti. (pp.) vanta; vamāpita; uppāditavamana.

pule : (v.i.) nitthunāti; sanikaṃ rudati.

pull : (nt.) ākaḍḍhana. (v.t.) ākaḍḍhati; ākassati. (pp.) ākaḍḍhita; ākassita.

pull about : samparikaḍḍhati.

pull along : samākaḍḍhati.

pull down : nipāteti.

pull off : apakaḍḍhati.

pull out : uddharati; ubbāhati; ubbūhati; ūhanati.

pull towards : upakaḍḍhati.

pull up : ummūleti.

pulley : (nt.) ākaḍḍhakacakka; ghaṭīyanta.

pullulate : (v.i.) aṅkurayati. (pp.) aṅkurita.

pullulation : (nt.) aṅkuruggamana.

pulmonary : (adj.) papphāsanissita.

pulmonic : (adj.) papphāsanissita.

pulp : (f.) miñjā. (m.) mudupuñja. (v.t.) sanneti; muduvatthutaṃ pāpeti; miñjam apaneti. (v.i.) miñjasadiso hoti. (pp.) sannita; muduvatthutaṃ pāpita; apanītamiñja; miñjasadisībhūta.

pulpit : (nt.) dhammāsana; kathikāsana.

pulsate : (v.i.) phandati.

pulsation : (nt.) phandana; nāḷīpatana.

pulse : (nt.) rudhiragamana; hadayaphandana. (f.) māsajāti.

pulverisation : (nt.) cuṇṇīkaraṇa.

pulverise : (v.t.) cuṇṇeti; piṃseti. (pp.) cuṇṇita; piṃsita.

pulveriser : (f.) saṇhakaraṇī.

pulverulent : (adj.) sukhacuṇṇiya; papatanakkhama.

pulvinate : (adj.) bhisisamaṃ-uddhumāta.

pummel : (v.t.) muṭṭhinā punappunaṃ paharati. (pp.) muṭṭhinā punappunaṃ pahaṭa.

pump : (nt.) uttolana-yanta. (v.t.) uttoleti; ussiñcati. (pp.) uttolita; ussitta.

pumpkin : (m.) kumbhaṇḍa || yellow pumpkin: (m.) pītakumbhaṇḍa.

pun : (nt.) silesatthavacana; samānasadda-nānattha-vacana. (v.i.) (tādisaṃ) vadati.

punac : (m.) piññāka.

punch : (f.) vedhanī. (nt.) vinivijjhakayanta. (m.) abhighāta; vidūsaka. (v.t.) 1. abhihanati; 2. kaṇṭakena vijjhati. (pp.) abhihata; kaṇṭakaviddha.

puncheon : (m.) upatthambhaka-khāṇu. (nt.) mahādārubhājana.

punchinello : (f.) 1. thullavāmana; 2. padhānadārupotthalikā.

punctate : (adj.) bindvaṅkita.

punctilio : (m.) sukhumopacāravidhi.

punctilious : (adj.) sukhumapari-kammānugāmī.

punctual : (adj.) kalaniyamānugata; niyamānugāmī.

punctuality : (nt.) yathākālikatta; niyamānugāmitta.

punctually : (adv.) yathāsamayaṃ.

punctuate : (v.t.) vicchedalakkhaṇāni yojeti. (pp.) vicchedalakkhaṇajita.

punctuation : (f.) vicchedalakkhaṇayojanā.

punctum : (m.) sūcivedha. (v.t.) sūciyā vijjhati. (pp.) sūcividdha.

pungency : (n.) kaṭukarasatta; tikhiṇatta.

pungent : (adj.) 1. kaṭuka; tikhiṇa; 2. mammacchedaka.

puniness : (nt.) appakatta; dubbalatta.

punish : (v.t.) daṇḍeti; niggaṇhāti; vadhaṃ payojeti. (pp.) daṇḍita; niggahita; payojitavadha.

punishable : (adj.) daṇḍanīya; daṇḍāraha.

punishableness : (nt.) daṇḍanīyatta.

punishment : (nt.) daṇḍana. (m.) niggaha.

punitive : (adj.) daṇḍakammāyatta.

punk : (f.) gaṇikā. (nt.) pūtidūru.

punkah : (f.) olambaka-mahāvījanī.

punnet : (f.) phalapacchi.

punster : (f.) silesavacanabhāsaka.

puny : (adj.) khuddaka; appaka; dubbala.

pup : (m.) kukkura. (v.t.i.) sunakhapotake vijayati.

pupa : (m.) sakosaka-kimi.

pupate : (v.i.) kosena āvarīyati. (pp.) kosāvuta.

pupil : (m.) sissa; antevāsika. (f.) (of the eye : ) nettatārā; kaṇīnikā.

pupilage : (f.) sissāvatthā.

puppet : (f.) pañcālikā; potthalikā.

puppet show : (nt.) potthalikānacca.

puppish : (adj.) mandamtika; dappita.

puppy : (m.) kukkurapotaka; dappitamāṇava.

purblind : (adj.) dubbaladiṭṭhika; mandabuddhika. (v.t.) ūnadiṭṭhiṃ karoti.

purblindness : (nt.) mandadiṭṭhikatta.

purchasable : (adj.) ketabba; kayāraha.

purchase : (m.) kaya. (v.t.) kiṇāti; mūlena gaṇhāti. (pp.) kīta; mūlena gahita.

purchaser : (m.) ketu; kayika.

pure : (adj.) suddha; suci; nimmala; accha; pasanna; pūta; asaṅkiṇṇa; amissa; kevala; niddosa; anavajja.

pure action : (nt.) sucikamma.

purely : (adv.) kevalaṃ; nimmalākārena.

pureness : (nt.) nimmalatta; soceyya; suddhatta; niddosatta. (f.) suddhi.

purgation : (nt.) sodhana.

purgative : (nt.) virecakosadha. (adj.) virecaka.

purgatory : (m.) pāpasodhaka-niraya.

purge : (nt.) virecakosadha. (v.t.) sodheti; vireceti; malaṃ vissajjeti. (pp.) sodhita; virecita; vissaṭṭhamala.

purification : (nt.) saṃsodhana; visodhana; nimmalīkaraṇa; pāvana; vodapana. (f.) visuddhi; saṃsuddhi.

purificatory : (adj.) saṃsodhaka.

purifier : (m.) saṃsodhetu; vodapetu.

purify : (v.t.) sodheti; visodheti; punāti; vodapeti; sampasādeti. (pp.) sodhita; visodhita; pūta; vodapita; sampasādita.

purist : (m.) suddhikāmī; bhāsāsuddhiniviṭṭha.

purity : (nt.) nimmalatta; soceyya; suddhatta; niddosatta; suddhatta; nimmalatta; amissatta. (f.) suddhi.

purl : (m.) mandappavāha; pavāhasadda. (v.i.) sāvaṭṭhaṃ sandati. (v.t.) adhomukhīkaroti. (pp.) sāvaṭṭaṃ sandita; adhomukhīkata.

purler : (m.) tiriyaṃ-pātakapahāran.

purlieu : (m.) aṭavipariyanta; araññaparisara.

purloin : (v.t.) coreti; theneti. (pp.) corita; thenita.

purloiner : (m.) takkara; mosaka; cora.

purple : (m.) nīla-lohita-vaṇṇa. (adj.) nīlaratta. (v.t.) nīlarattaṃ karoti. (pp.) nīlarattaṃ kata.

purport : (m.) adhippāya; ajjhāsaya; gamyattha. (v.t.) ceteti; saṅkappeti. (v.i.) khāyati; paṭibhāti. (pp.) cetayita; saṅkappita.

purpose : (m.) āsaya; adhipāya; saṅkappa. (v.t.) saṅkappeti; cinteti. (pp.) saṅkappita; cintita || to no purpose: (adv.) niratthakaṃ || for the purpose of: atthāya; for what purpose?: kimatthāya?

purposeful : (adj.) sādhippāya; katanicchaya.

purposeless : (adj.) niratthaka.

purposelessly : (adv.) niratthakākārena.

purposely : (adv.) sañcicca; sanicchayaṃ; saceatnaṃ.

purse : (f.) thavikā. (m.) pasibbaka. (v.t.) thavikāya pakkhipati. (pp.) thavikāya pakkhitta.

purse pride : (m.) dhanagabba.

purser : (m.) nāvāya bhaṇḍāgārika.

pursuance : (nt.) anugamana; paṭipajjana.

pursuant : (adj.) anugāmī; paṭipanna.

pursue : (v.t.) 1. anubhandhati; 2. anuṭṭhāti; nisevati; ācarati. (pp.) anuṭṭhita; nisevita; ācarita.

pursuer : (m.) anubandhaka.

pursuit : (nt.) anubandhana; anvesana; anuṭṭhāna; paṭipajjana; nisevana.

pursuivant : (m.) anucara; sevaka.

pursy : (adj.) thūladehī.

purulence : (nt.) pūyapaggharaṇa.

purulent : (adj.) pūyapuṇṇa; sañjātapūya.

purvey : (v.t.) sampādeti. (pp.) sampādita.

purveyance : (nt.) (upakaraṇa) sampādana; bhojanasaṃvidahana.

purveyor : (m.) bhojanaparikappaka.

purview : (m.) padhānavisaya; paramttha; dassanapatha.

pus : (m.) pūya; pubba.

push : (nt.) khipana; sañcālana; nudana. (v.t.) nudati; nittudati; panudati; sañcāleti. (pp.) nudita; nittudita; panudita; sañcālita.

push aside : apasāreti.

push away : apanudati.

push cycle : (nt.) cakkayanta.

pushing : (nt.) nudana; apasaraṇa. (adj.) saussāha; dhitimantu.

pusillanimity : (nt.) kātaratta.

pusillanimous : (adj.) adhīra; kātara.

puss : (m.) biḷāla; majjāra.

pussy : (m.) biḷāla; majjāra.

pustulate : (v.i.) piḷakā jāyati. (pp.) jātapiḷaka.

pustule : (f.) piḷakā. (m.) phoṭa.

pustulous : (adj.) piḷakābahula.

put : (nt.) ṭhapana; khipana. (v.t.) ṭhapeti; nikkhipati; patiṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) ṭhapita; nikkhitta; patiṭṭhāpita.

put aside : jahāti; pajahati.

put away : nikkhāmeti; nissāreti.

put back : 1. papañceti; 2. abhibhavati; nihanati.

put forth : 1. upadisati; āvīkaroti; 2. upaṭṭhapeti.

put in : pakkhipati.

put in order : paṭisāmeti.

put off : apaneti; (some attire : ) omuñcati.

put on : (attire : ) paridahati; nivāseti; patimuñcati; (an armour : ) sannayhati; (a blame : ) āropeti.

put out : pasāreti; vitanoti; (a light : ) nibbāpeti; (eyes, etc.) uppāṭeti.

put over : 1. papañceti; 2. upari ṭhapeti.

put to death : māreti.

put together : saṃyojeti; saṅghaṭeti.

put up : 1. sañcināti; 2. nivāsaṃ gaṇhāti; 3. vikkayāya ṭhapeti.

putative : (adj.) anumānita; pasiddha; parikappita.

putid : (adj.) duggandha; pūtika.

putrefaction : (m.) pūtibhāva.

putrefactive : (adj.) pūtibhāvajanaka.

putrefy : (v.i.) pūtibhavati. (v.t.) pūtittaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) pūtibhūta; pūtittatṃ pāpita.

putrescent : (adj.) īsaṃpūtika.

putrid : (adj.) pūtika; pūtigandha.

putridity : (nt.) pūtikatta. (m.) pūtibhāva.

putridness : (nt.) pūtikatta. (m.) pūtibhāva.

puttee : (nt.) jaṅghāveṭhana.

putting : (nt.) ṭhapana; nikkhipana.

putty : (m.) kācaghaṭakālepa.

puzzle : (f.) paheḷikā. (m.) sambhama. (v.t.) vimoheti; sambhameti. (pp.) vimohita; sambhamita.

puzzling : (adj.) bhantikara; vimohaka.

pyaemic : (nt.) lohitadūsana.

pygmy : (adj.; m.) vāmanaka; lakuṇṭaka.

pyjamas : (nt.; plu.) rattivasana.

pylon : (nt.) gopura. (m.) uccatthambha.

pyorrhoea : (nt.) daṇtapūyasavana.

pyramid : (m.) misaradesīyathūpa.

pyramidal : (adj.) thūpākāra.

pyre : (m.) citaka.

pyretic : (adj.) jaruppādaka.

pyrexia : (m.) jararoga.

pyrolatry : (nt.) agginamassana.

pyrologist : (m.) tejotattavidū.

pyrology : (nt.) tejoviññāṇa.

pyromantic : (m.) agginimittapāṭhaka.

pyrosis : (m.) antodāha.

pyrotechnic : (adj.) aggimālāyatta. (m.) aggimālāsampādana.

python : (m.) ajagara; yakkhadāsa; bhūtāviṭṭhapuggala.

pyxis : (m.) karaṇḍaka; samugga.

-ooOoo-
A     B     C     D     E     F
G     H     I     J     K     L
M     N     O     P     Q     R
S     T     U     V     W     X,Y,Z

Contents | Top of Page

Pali-Viet Dictionary | Pali-English Dictionary | English Index
last updated: 25-05-2003


//----------------------------------------------------------


Main Page

Using Unicode VU-Times font




English-Pali Dictionary
by Metta Net, Sri Lanka





- Q -

quack : (m.) 1. haṃsanāda; 2. kūṭavejja. (v.t.) 1. haṃso viya nadati; 2. sasaddaṃ bhāsati; 3. vikatthati. (pp.) sasaddaṃ bhāsita; vikatthita.

quackery : (f.) kūṭatikiccha. (nt.) sāṭheyya.

quackish : (adj.) vikatthanasīla.

quadragenarian : (m.) cattāḷīsavassika.

quadrangle : (nt.) catukoṇaka; caturassaka.

quadrangular : (adj.) catukkaṇṇa; caturassa.

quadrant : (m.) 1. catutthabhāga; 2. gāthāpāda; 3. cakkacatutthaṃsa.

quadrate : (nt.) catukkoṇaka. (adj.) caturaṃsika. (v.t.) caturassaṃ karoti. (pp.) caturassaṃ kata.

quadrennial : (adj.) catuvassika.

quadrennially : (adv.) catuvassikavārena.

quadruped : (m.) catuppada; pasu.

quadruple : (adj.; n.) catugguṇika. (v.t.) catugguṇaṃ karoti. (v.i.) catugguṇī hoti. (pp.) catugguṇaṃ kata; catugguṇī bhūta.

quadruplicate : (adj.) caturūpaka; catukkabhūta. (nt.) catukka. (v.t.) catūhi guṇeti.

quadruplicity : (f.) catugguṇikatā.

quaff : (v.t.) yathicchaṃ pivati. (pp.) yathicchaṃ pīta.

quaffer : (m.) atipāyī.

quag : (m.) sapaṅkasobbha.

quagmire : (m.) sapaṅkasobbha.

quail : (f.) vaṭṭakā; laṭukikā. (m.) lāpa. (v.i.) olīyati; osīdati. (pp.) olīna; osīna.

quaint : (adj.) apākatika; vilakkhaṇa; vikaṭa.

quaintly : (adv.) savikāraṃ; vilakkhaṇaṃ.

quaintness : (nt.) vikaṭatta; vilakkhaṇatta.

quake : (v.i.) kampati; phandati; calati. (pp.) kampita; phandita; calita. (nt.) kampana; calana; phandana.

qualification : (m.) guṇavisesa. (nt.) yoggatta; ucitatta.

qualified : (adj.) 1. guṇopeta; 2. alaṅkammaniya; kammakkhama.

qualify : (v.t.) 1. viseseti; paricchindati; 2. anucchavikaṃ karoti; yoggattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) visesita; paricchinna; anucchavikaṃ kata; yoggattaṃ pāpita.

quality : (m.) guṇa; sabhāva; vagga. (f.) pakati. (nt.) lakkhaṇa || bad quality: (m.) dugguṇa. (f.) hīnajāti; good quality: (m.) sagguṇa. (f.) seṭṭhajāti.

qualm : (f.) kālikamucchā. (nt.) cittosīdana.

quandary : (f.) dukkarāvatthā; duddasā. (m.) manovilekha.

quantify : (v.t.) pamāṇaṃ nirūpeti. (pp.) nirūpitapamāṇa.

quantitative : (adj.) pameyya.

quantity : (nt.) pamāṇa; parimāṇa. (f.) mattā. (m.) rāsi; puñja; sañcaya.

quantum : (nt.) parimāṇa. (m.) abhimata-koṭṭhāsa.

quarantine : (m.) saṃsagganisedha. (v.t.) saṃsaggaṃ nisedheti. (pp.) nisedhitasaṃsagga.

quarrel : (m.) kalaha; medhaga. (nt.) bhaṇḍana. (v.i.) bhaṇḍeti; vivadati; kalahaṃ karoti. (pp.) bhaṇḍita; vivadita; katakalaha.

quarrelsome : (adj.) kalahappiya; bhaṇḍanakāraka.

quarry : (m.) pāsāṇākara. (v.t.) pāsāṇe khaṇati. (pp.) khatapāsāṇa.

quarry man : (m.) pāsāṇabhedaka.

quartan : (adj.) caturāhika.

quarter : (m.) catutthabhāga; padesa; nivāsa. (f.) disā. (nt.; plu.) vāsaṭṭhāna. (v.t.) 1. catudhā vibhajati; 2. nivāseti. (v.i.) vāsaṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) catudhā vibhatta; nivāsita; gahitavāsa.

quarterage : (nt.) temāsikavetana.

quartering : (nt.) catudhā vibhajana.

quarterly : (adj.) temāsika.

quartet : (nt.) catukka.

quarto : (nt.) catupattaka.

quartz : (nt.) kācopala.

quash : (v.t.) abalīkaroti; nirasati; paccakkhāti. (pp.) abalīkata; nirasita; paccakkhāta.

quasi : (conj.) tathā hi. (adj.) expressed by addha or kappa in cpds., e.g. quasi-historical, (adj.) addhetihāsika.

quatrain : (nt.) catuppadika-pajja.

quaver : (nt.) lalana. (v.i.) kampati; calati; lalati. (pp.) kampita; calita; lalita.

quaveringly : (adv.) sakampaṃ; salalitaṃ.

quay : (m.) nāvotaraṇasetu.

quean : (f.) avinītayuvatī.

queen : (f.) rajadevī; rājamahesī; rājinī. (v.t.) rājiniṃ karoti.

queen consort : (f.) aggamahesī.

queenly : (adj.) rājinīsadisa.

queer : (adj.) abbhuta; apakatika; vilakkhaṇa.

queerly : (adv.) abbhutākārena; vikaṭatāya.

queerness : (nt.) apakatikatta; vilakkhaṇatta.

quell : (v.t.) abhibhavati; niggaṇhāti; upasameti. (pp.) abhibhūta; niggahita; upasamita.

quench : (v.t.) apanudati; (thirst : ) upasameti; (fire, etc.) nibbāpeti. (pp.) apanudita; upasamita; nibbāpita. (v.i.) upasammati; nibbāti. (pp.) upasanta; nibbuta.

quenchable : (adj.) upasamanakkhama.

quenchless : (adj.) avupasamiya.

querist : (m.) pañhapucchaka.

quern : (f.) piṭṭhapiṃsanī.

querulous : (adj.) ujjhāyamāna; dummana.

query : (m.) pañha. (v.t.) pucchati; vīmaṃsati. (pp.) puṭṭha; vīmaṃsita.

quest : (f.) upaparikkhā; magganā; gavesanā. (nt.) anuvijjana. (v.t.) upaparikkhati; gavesati. (pp.) upaparikkhita; gavesita.

question : (m.) pañha; saṃsaya; sandeha; vādavisaya. (f.) pucchā. (v.t.) pucchati; anuyuñjati. (pp.) puṭṭha; anuyutta.

question in return : (v.t.) paṭipucchati. (f.) paṭipucchā.

questionable : (adj.) saṅkanīya; pucchitabba.

questioner : (m.) anuvijjaka; pucchaka.

questionless : (adj.) nissaṃsaya; aparipucchiya.

questionnaire : (f.) pañhāvali.

quibble : (nt.) silesavacana. (f.) vyājakathā; lesakathā. (v.i.) aññen' aññaṃ paṭicarati.

quibbler : (m.) vyājakathika; amarāvikkhepika.

quick : (adj.) sīgha; turita; savega; javasampanna.

quick hedge : (f.) jīvadaṇḍavati.

quick-eyed : (adj.) sukhumadassī.

quick-witted : (adj.) khippābhiñña; paṭibhāṇavantu.

quicken : (v.t.) turitayati; vegaṃ janeti; uttejeti. (pp.) turitayita; janitavega; uttejita.

quickening : (adj.) vegajanaka.

quicklime : (nt.) suddhācuṇṇa.

quickly : (adv.) sīghaṃ; khippaṃ; tuvaṭaṃ; āsu; lahuṃ; sajju.

quickness : (nt.) sīghatta; turitatta.

quicksand : (n.) (nadīādisu) saṅkamamāna-vālukā-puñja.

quicksilver : (m.) pārada.

quiddity : (m.) antosāra. (nt.) sāṭheyya.

quiddle : (v.i.) mudhā kālaṃ khepeti. (pp.) mudhā khepitakāla.

quidnunc : (m.) vuttantagavesaka.

quiescence : (nt.) niccalatta; nirīhatta; santatta.

quiescent : (adj.) niccala; nirīha; upasanta.

quiet : (adj.) appasadda; anākiṇṇa; vivitta; passaddha. (m.) akkhobha; viveka. (f.) paṭisallāna. (v.t.) passambheti; upasameti. (v.i.) passambhati; upasammati. (pp.) passambhita; upasammita; passaddha; upasanta.

quietism : (f.) passaddhi. (m.) upasama.

quietly : (adv.) appasaddena; santākārena.

quietness : (f.) passaddhi. (m.) upasama.

quietude : (m.) santi; samatha.

quietus : (m.) 1. bandhanamokkha; 2. pāṇacāga.

quill : (nt.) pakkhipatta; (of a porcupine : ) salala. (m.) pattanāḷa; dhamananāḷa. (f.) pattalekhanī.

quilt : (f.) tūlikā. (m.) tūlasanthara. (v.t.) 1. tūlena onandhati; 2. santhare sampādeti. (pp.) tūlosaddha; sampāditasanthara.

quinary : (adj.) pañcaka; pañcavaggika.

quinate : (adj.) pañcapattaka; pañcaṅgulika.

quincentenary : (adj.) pañcasatavassika.

quinine : (nt.) jaranāsakosadha.

quinquagenarian : (adj.; n.) paṇṇāsavassika.

quinquelateral : (adj.) pañcapassika.

quinquennial : (adj.) pañcavassika.

quinquennially : (adv.) pañcavassavārena.

quinsy : (m.) kaṇṭhadāha.

quintad : (nt.) pañcaka.

quintan : (m.) pañcāhavārikajara.

quintessence : (m.) antosāra; yathāsabhāya.

quintuple : (adj.; n.) pañcavidha; pañcavaggika.

quintuplicate : (adj.) pañcaguṇita. (v.t.) pañcahi guṇeti. (pp.) pañcaguṇita.

quire : (nt.) catuvīsatipattika.

quirk : (nt.) upahāsavākya.

quit : (adj.) dosamutta; apeta; vissaṭṭha; mocita. (v.t.) 1. cajati; jahāti; 2. vimoceti; vissajjeti. (pp.) catta; jahita; vimocita; vissaṭṭha.

quite : (adv.) 1. sabbathā; sabbaso; asesaṃ; nissesaṃ; 2. accantaṃ; atīva.

quittance : (f.) vimutti. (m.) mokkha. (nt.) nissajana; nittharaṇa.

quitter : (m.) pajahaka; visajjaka; vimocaka.

quiver : (m.) tūnīra; bāṇadhi. (nt.) kampana. (v.i.) pariphandati; pariplavati; vedhati; kampati. (pp.) pariphandita; pariplavita; vedhita; kampita.

quixotic : (adj.) vipallatthamatika; abbhutakāmī; micchābhimānī.

quixotism : (f.) micchābhimānitā.

quiz : (m.) vikaṭadassana; parihāsakārī. (v.t.) parihasati; uppaṇḍeti. (pp.) parihasita; uppaṇḍita.

quizzical : (adj.) kelisīla; parihāsarata.

quod : (nt.) bandhanāgāra. (v.t.) kārāyaṃ rundheti. (pp.) kārāyaṃ rundhita.

quoin : (m.) bhittikoṇa. (f.) koṇasilā.

quondam : (adj.) bhūtapubba; kadāci-bhūta.

quorum : (nt.) gaṇapūraṇa.

quota : (m.) niyamitabhāga.

quotation : (nt.) udāharaṇa; vayappamāṇadassana. (m.) udāhaṭapāṭha.

quote : (v.t.) 1. udāharati; nidasseti; 2. vayappamāṇaṃ dasseti. (pp.) udāhaṭa; nidassita; appamāṇa dassitavaya.

quoth : (v.t.; past) 1 avoca; āha; 2. avociṃ; avadiṃ.

quotidian : (adj.) sabbāhika; devasika.

-ooOoo-
A     B     C     D     E     F
G     H     I     J     K     L
M     N     O     P     Q     R
S     T     U     V     W     X,Y,Z

Contents | Top of Page

Pali-Viet Dictionary | Pali-English Dictionary | English Index
last updated: 25-05-2003


//----------------------------------------------------------


Main Page

Using Unicode VU-Times font




English-Pali Dictionary
by Metta Net, Sri Lanka





- R -

rabbi : (m.) yādava-samaṇa.

rabbit : (m.) sasa; sasaka; pelaka.

rabbit hutch : (m.) sasakoṭṭhaka. (v.t.) sase māreti.

rabble : (m.) 1. adhamajana; 2. avinītajanasamūha.

rabid : (adj.; m.) 1. ummatta; atidāruṇa; 2. alakka; atisuna.

rabidly : (adv.) sahummādaṃ; ummādena.

rabies : (m.) sunakhummāda.

race : (nt.) (jayaggāhāya) dhāvana; kula; gotta. (m.) vaṃsa; anvaya. (v.i.) 1. jayaggāhāya dhāvati; 2. assadhāvane yuñjati. (v.t.) dhāvane niyojeti. (pp.) assadhāvane yutta; dhāvane niyojita.

race course : (nt.) assamaṇḍala. (f.) dhāvanabhūmi.

race horse : (m.) javādhikassa.

racer : (m.) dhāvanayuggāhī.

racial : (adj.) gottāyatta; vaṃsāgata.

racially : (adv.) kulavasena; gottavasena.

rack : (m.) bhājanādhāraka; ghāsādhāra; vātāhata-megha. (f.) balavavedanā. (nt.) añchakayanta. (v.t.) ghāsena pūreti; ghāsaṃ deti; ākaḍḍhanto pīḷeti. (pp.) ghāsena pūrita; ākaḍḍhanto pīḷita.

racket : (m.) kala-kala; saṅkhobha. (f.) guḷapaharaṇī. (v.i.) ugghosento carati.

rackety : (adj.) saṅkhobhakārī; vinodappiya.

racy : (adj.) 1. vaṃsalakkhaṇayutta; 2. javasampanna.

raddle : (f.) gerukamattikā. (v.t.) gerukena limpeti. (pp.) geruka limpita.

radial : (adj.) 1. cakkaṃsakākāra; 2. raṃsipharaṇākāra.

radially : (adv.) cakkaṃsānugamena.

radiance : (f.) juti; ditti; pabhā. (m.) obhāsa.

radiant : (adj.) ujjala; bhāsura; jutimantu.

radiantly : (adv.) sappabhaṃ.

radiate : (adj.) pabhassara; bhāsura. (v.i.) pabhāsati; obhāsati; ujjalati; dippati. (v.t.) obhāseti; pabhāseti; raṃsiyo nicchāreti. (pp.) pabhāsita; obhāsita; ujjalita; ditta; obhāsita; nicchāritaraṃsī.

radiation : (nt.) obhāsana; raṃsinicchārana; ujjalana.

radiator : (f.) tejonicaya-peḷā.

radical : (adj.) 1. mūlika; 2. nesaggika; sabhāvaja.

radically : (adv.) sabhāvato; pakatiyā.

radio : (m.) ākāsagāmī-saddappacāra. (v.t.) ākāsagāmī-sandesaṃ peseti.

radish : (m.) mūlaka; cuccu.

radium : (nt.) dāhaka-loha.

radius : (m.) vaṭṭulaṃsa; addhavikkhambha; cakkaṃsa; (of a wheel : ) ara; cakkāra.

radix : (f.) mūlasaṅkhyā.

raff : (m.) dhuttajana.

raffish : (adj.) adhama; nīca.

raffle : (nt.) kusapātena laddhabba. (m.) kacavara. (v.t.) kusapātena paveseti. (pp.) kusapātena pavesita.

reflexive : (adj.; n.) bhāvarūpaka; kammakattuvācaka.

raft : (m.) uḷumpa; kulla; tara. (v.t.) 1. kullaṃ bandhati; 2. kullena tāreti. (pp.) baddhakulla; kullatārita.

rafter : (f.) chadanatulā; valabhī. (v.t.) valabhiyo yojeti. (pp.) valabhiyojita.

rag : (m.) kappaṭa; vatthakhaṇḍa. (nt.) nantaka; pilotika. (v.t.) akkosati; paribhāsati. (pp.) akkuṭṭha; paribhāsita.

ragamuffin : (m.) kucelaka; malinanivasana.

rage : (m.) adhikakipa; rosa; kopāvesa. (nt.) tikhiṇatta; caṇḍatta. (v.i.) 1. kujjhati; kuppati; 2. saṅkhubhati. (pp.) kuddha; kupita; saṅkhubhita.

rageful : (adj.) kopākula.

ragged : (adj.) 1. visama; 2. jajjarībhuta; 3. kucelaka.

raging : (adj.) vegayutta; aticaṇḍa; kopāviṭtha.

raid : (nt.) desakkamana; pakkhandana. (v.t.) akkamati; pakkhandati. (pp.) akkanta; pakkhandita.

rail : (m.) lohasaṅku; vatidaṇḍa; lohadaṇḍa. (v.i.) upavadati; akkosati; garahati. (v.t.) saṅkūhior salākāhi parikkhipati or āvarati. (pp.) saṅkuparikkhitta; salākāvaṭa.

rail way : (m.) lohadaṇḍapatha.

railer : (m.) akkosaka.

railing : (nt.) garahana; saṅkuyojana.

raillery : (f.) parihāsakeḷi.

raiment : (nt.) vattha; vasana; acchādana.

rain : (nt.) vassa. (f.) vuṭṭhi. (m.) magha; deva. (v.i.) vassati. (v.t.) vassāpeti. (pp.) vuṭṭha; vassāpita.

rain down : ovassati.

rain fall : (nt.) vuṭṭhipatana.

rain gauge : (nt.) vuṭṭhimāṇaka.

rain god : (m.) pajjunna.

rain upon : abhivassati. (pp.) abhivuṭṭha.

rain water : ussiñcati. (pp.) ussitta.

rain-bow : (nt.) indadhanu.

rain-clound : (m.) jalada; ambuda; jaladhara; pajjunna; vārivaha.

raining : (adj.) vassanta.

rainless : (adj.) avuṭthika.

rainy : (adj.) vuṭṭhibahula.

raisin : (f.) sukkhamuddikā.

rake : (m.) bhūmyullekha; itthidhutta. (v.t.) bhūmiṃ ullikhati. (v.i.) aticarati.

rakish : (adj.) kāmuka.

rally : (nt.) samosaraṇa; puna rāsībhavana. (v.i.) samosarati; puna samāgacchati. (v.t.) puna rāsī karoti. (pp.) samosaṭa; puna samāgata; puna rāsī kata.

ram : (m.) mesa; meṇḍa; urabbha.

ramble : (nt.) pariyāhiṇḍana. (v.i.) paribbhamati; pariyaṭati. (pp.) paribbhanta.

rambler : (m.) pariyaṭaka; paribbhamaka.

rambling : (adj.) āhiṇḍaka.

ramification : (m.) aṅgopaṅgavibhāga. (nt.) sākhāpattharaṇa.

ramify : (v.t.) sākhā vitthāreti. (v.i.) sākhā pattharati; sākhāvasena vibhajīyati. (pp.) vitthatasākha; patthaṭasākha; sākhāvasena vibhatta.

rammish : (adj.) pūtigandha.

ramp : (v.i.) purimapāde ussāpetvā tiṭṭhati. (v.t.) pakkhandati; aññāyena lābhaṃ labhituṃ ussahati. (pp.) purimapāde ussāpetvā tiṭṭhita; pakkhanta. (m.) adhikalābhussāha; adhikakara.

rampage : (f.) sāhasikavutti. (v.i.) sāhasikaṃ carati; vilopaṃ karoti. (pp.) sāhasikaṃ carita; katavilopa.

rampancy : (nt.) 1. atibahulatta; 2. uddāmatta.

rampant : (adj.) 1. atibahula; 2. anabhibhavanīya; 3. pacchimapādehi ṭhita.

rampart : (m.) nagarapākāra.

ramshackle : (adj.) jajjara; jiṇṇa.

ranch : (nt.) govaḍḍhanaṭṭhāna.

rancid : (adj.) pūtigandha-rasika.

rancorous : (adj.) atidubbaka; upanāhī.

rancorously : (adv.) upanāhena.

rancour : (m.) upanāha. (nt.) baddhavera.

random : (adj.; n.) aniyata; asambhāvita; yadicchaka || at random: (adv.) aniyamena; avicāriya; yadicchāya.

range : (f.) rāji; panti; āvali; pāḷi. (nt.) visayaṭṭhāna; vegappamāṇa. (v.t.) paṭipāṭiyā yojeti; pantivasena ṭhapeti. (v.i.) paribbhamati. (pp.) paṭipāṭiyā yojita; pativasena ṭhapita; paribbhanta.

range of an arrow : (m.) sarapāta.

range of sight : (m.) cakkhupatha.

ranger : (m.) dāyapāla; aṭavipālaka.

rank : (f.) seṇī. (m.) vagga. (nt.) ṭhānantara. (adj.) pacura; pahūta; atiphīta; pūtigandhika; jeguccha; dūsita. (v.t.) seṇivasena patiṭṭhāpeti. (v.i.) anukkamena tiṭṭhati. (pp.) saṇivasena patiṭṭhāpita; anukkamena tiṭṭhita.

rankle : (v.i.) pūtibhavati. (pp.) pūtibhūta.

rankness : (nt.) bāhulla; adhikatta. (m.) pūtibhāva.

ransack : (v.t.) 1. suṭṭhu gavesati; 2. vilumpati. (pp.) suṭthu gavesita; vilutta.

ransom : (nt.) puggalavimuttimūla. (v.t.) agghaṃ datvā vimoceti. (pp.) agghaṃ datvā vimocita.

rant : (f.) uccāsaddena desanā; carutrakathā. (v.i.) mahāsaddena pakāseti. (pp.) mahāsaddena pakāsita.

ranter : (m.) palapaka.

rap : (nt.) ākoṭana. (v.t.) 1. ākoṭeti; 2. khaṭakaṃ deti. (v.i.) kakkasavācaṃ bhāsati. (pp.) ākoṭita; dinnakhaṭaka.

rapacious : (adj.) vilumpaka; sabbāvahārī.

rapaciously : (adv.) atilobhena; balakkārena.

rapaciousness : (nt.) atiluddhatta; vilumpakatta.

rapacity : (nt.) atiluddhatta; vilumpakatta.

rape : (nt.) balenāvaharaṇa; kaññādūsana. (v.t.) 1. pasayha avaharati; 2. itthiṃ dūseti. (pp.) pasayha avahaṭa; dūsititthika.

rapid : (adj.) sīgha; turita; vegavantu.

rapidity : (nt.) sīghatta; turitatta. (m.) vega.

rapidly : (adv.) sīghaṃ; turitaṃ; vegena.

rapidness : (nt.) sīghatta; turitatta. (m.) vega.

rapids : (m.; plu.) sīghasota. (nt.) sotapatana.

rapier : (f.) asiputtī; chūrikā.

rapine : see Pluncer.

rapport : (f.) sambaddhatā.

rapprochement : (nt.) punasandhāna.

rapscallion : (m.) kitava; dhutta; saṭha.

rapt : (adj.) nimugga; adhimutta; parāyaṇa; ninnamānasa.

rapture : (m.) paramasantosa. (f.) adhikatuṭṭhi.

rapturous : paramānandayutta; atituṭthidāyaka.

rapturously : (adv.) atisayapītiyā.

rare : (adj.) dullabha; virala; apubba; atulya.

rarefication : (nt.) tanukaraṇa.

rarefy : (v.t.) viralīkaroti. (v.i.) tanubhavati. (pp.) viralīkata; tanubhūta.

rarely : (adv.) dullabhavasena; kālantarena.

rareness : (nt.) viraltta; dullabhatta.

rarity : (nt.) dullabhavatthu.

rascal : (m.) dhutta; khala; kitava.

rascality : (nt.) sāṭheyya; ketava.

rascally : (adj.) saṭhākārena.

rase : (v.t.) ucchindati; ummūleti; viddhaṃseti; thokaṃ vilikhati. (pp.) ucchinna; ummūlita; viddhaṃsita; thokaṃ vilikhita.

rash : (m.) kacchuvisesa. (adj.) sāhasika; avicārita.

rashly : (adv.) sahasā; asamekkha.

rashness : (nt.) sāhasa. (m.) avicāra.

rasp : (f.) lohakhādanī. (v.t.) khādaniyā ghamseti. (pp.) khādaniyā ghaṃsita.

rat : (m.) undura; ākhu. (f.) mūsikā. (v.t.) mūsikā māreti.

rat snake : (m.) dhammani; gharasappa.

rat trap : (nt.) mūsikā-adhūhala.

ratan : (m.) vetasa; vañjula.

rate : (nt.) agghappamāṇa. (m.) niyamitabhāga; kara; bali. (v.t.) 1. aggheti; 2. pamāṇaṃ niyameti; 3. paribhāsati. (pp.) agghita; niyamitapamāṇa; paribhāsita.

rate payer : (m.) suṅkadāyī.

rater : (m.) suṅkanirūpaka.

rather : (adv.) kiñca; varaṃ; seyyo; kim api; īsakaṃ.

ratification : (nt.) daḷhīkaraṇa; saccāpana.

ratifier : (m.) daḷhīkattu.

ratify : (v.t.) daḷhīkaroti; saccāpeti. (pp.) daḷhīkata; saccāpita.

ratio : (nt.) aññamaññappamāṇa.

ratiocinate : (v.t.) takketi; anumeti. (pp.) takkita; anumita.

ratiocination : (nt.) takkana; ūhana; anumāna.

ration : (m.) niyamitāhārakoṭṭhāsa. (v.t.) āhārakoṭṭhāsaṃ niyameti.

rational : (adj.) sacetana; saviññāṇaka; ñāyānuga; yuttiyutta.

rationalise : (v.t.) hetuvasena vitthāreti.

rationalism : (m.) hetuvāda.

rationalist : (m.) hetuvādī.

rationality : (nt.) sacetanatta. (f.) vicārasatti.

rationally : (adv.) yuttipubbakaṃ; ñāyānusāreṇa.

ratline : (f.) rajjunisseṇī.

rattan : see Ratan.

rattle : (m.) saṭasaṭa-saddakārī. (v.i.) 1. saṭasaṭāyati; 2. pajappati.

rattle brained : (adj.) lolasabhāva.

rattle headed : (adj.) lolasabhāva.

rattling : (nt.) saṭasaṭāyana; pajappana.

raucous : (adj.) kharasaddayutta; bhinnassara.

raucously : (adv.) bhinnassaratāya; vissaraṃ.

ravage : (nt.) viddhaṃsana. (m.) vilopa. (v.t.) viddhaṃseti; vināseti; vilumpati. (pp.) viddhasta or vināsita; vilumpita.

ravager : (m.) viddhaṃsaka.

rave : (nt.) sakaṭapañjarāvaraṇa. (m.) vippalāpa. (v.i.) 1. palapati; pajappati; 2. ummatto hoti.

ravel : (f.) jaṭā. (v.t.) āveṭheti; vyākulayati; jaṭeti. (pp.) āveṭhita; vyākulayita; jaṭita. (v.i.) vyākulībhavati. (pp.) vyākulībhūta.

ravel out : (v.t.) viniveṭheti.

raven : (m.) kākola; vanakāka. (v.t.) gedhena bhakkhati. (pp.) gedhena bhakkhita.

ravenous : (adj.) atichāta; atibhakkha.

ravenously : (adv.) loluppena.

ravin : (nt.) coriya. (m.) vilopa.

ravine : (f.) darī. (m.) kandara.

raving : (m.) ummāda; vibbhama.

ravingly : (adv.) ummattākārena.

ravish : (v.t.) 1. atipīṇeti; 2. pamoheti; 3. balena harati; 4. itthiṃ dūseti. (pp.) atipīṇita; pamohita; balena haṭa; itthiṃ dūsita.

ravishing : (adj.) pamohaka; palobhaka.

ravishment : (nt.) pamohana; itthidūsana. (m.) pītummāda.

raw : (adj.) āma; apakka; apariṇata; adda; niccamma; aparicita; amissita; asaṅkhata.

raw cemetery : (nt.) āmakasusāna.

raw flesh : (nt.) āmakamaṃsa.

rawness : (nt.) āmakatta; apakkatta.

ray : (m.) kiraṇa; kara; aṃsu; maṇḍu-kamccha. (f.) raṃsi; ābhā; pabhā. (v.i.) niccharati. (v.t.) nicchāreti. (pp.) niccharita; nicchārita.

rayless : (adj.) nippabha.

raze : see Rase.

razor : (m.) khura. (v.t.) khurakammaṃ karoti. (pp.) katakhurakamma.

razor blade : (f.) khuradhārā.

razor sheath : (m.) khurakosa.

razor strop : (nt.) khuracamma.

re : (prep.) uddissa; sandhāya.

re-count : (v.t.) ākhyāti; nivedeti. (pp.) ākyāta; nivedita.

re-countal : (nt.) ācikkhana; anusāvaṇa.

re-echo : (v.i.) puna paṭiravati or paṭinadati. (pp.) punapaṭinadita.

re-embark : (v.i.) puna nāvam abhiruhati; puna vyāvato hoti. (pp.) punanāvābhirūḷha.

re-enact : (v.t.) puna paññāpeti. (pp.) punapaññatta.

re-enforce : (v.t.) balaṃ vaḍḍheti. (pp.) vaḍḍhitabala.

re-engage : (v.i.) puna niyujjati. (v.t.) puna niyojeti or niyameti. (pp.) puna niyutta; puna niyojita or niyamita.

re-enter : (v.t.) puna pavisati or aṅketi. (pp.) punapaviṭṭha or aṅkita.

re-entrance : (m.) punappavesa.

re-establish : (v.t.) puna patiṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) puna patiṭṭhāpita.

re-establishment : (nt.) punapatiṭṭhāpana.

re-examine : (v.t.) punānuparikkhati. (pp.) punāparikkhita.

re-existence : (m.) punabbhava. (nt.) punajīvana.

re-occupy : (v.t.) punāyattaṃ karoti. (pp.) punāyattīkata.

re-strain : (v.t.) atimattaṃ viheseti. (pp.) atimattaṃ vihesita.

reabsorb : (v.t.) punapairyādiyati. (pp.) punapariyādinna.

reabsorbtion : (nt.) punapariyādiyana.

reach : (v.t.i.) upagacchati; pāpuṇāti; adhigacchati; paṭilabhati. (pp.) upagata; patta, adhigata; paṭiladdha. (nt.) upagamana. (f.) patti. (m.) adhigama. (nt.) āsannaṭṭhāna.

react : (v.t.) 1. puna karoti; 2. aññamaññamhi balaṃ pavatteti. (v.i.) paṭikaroti. (pp.) puna kata; paṭikata.

reaction : (f.) aññamaññappavatti; patikriyā.

reactionary : (adj.) paṭigāmī; parihānigāmī.

reactive : (adj.) aññamaññamhi balappavattaka.

read : (v.t.i.) paṭhati; vāceti; sajjhāyati. (pp.) paṭhita; vācita; sajjhāyita.

readable : (adj.) paṭhitabba; vācanāraha.

reader : (m.) paṭhitu; vācaka; pāṭhagantha.

readily : (adv.) 1. sīghaṃ; turitaṃ; 2. saussāhaṃ; 3. anāyāsena.

readiness : (f.) kammaññatā; icchā. (m.) ussāha. (nt.) sīghatta; dakkhatta.

reading : (nt.) paṭhana; sajjhāyana.

reading room : (f.) paṭhanasālā.

readjust : (v.t.) puna pakatiṃ neti; paṭisaṅkharoti. (pp.) puna pakatiṃ nīta; paṭisaṅkhata.

readjustment : (nt.) paṭisaṅkharaṇa.

readmission : (nt.) punantokaraṇa.

readmit : (v.t.) puna sampaṭicchati. (pp.) puna sampaṭicchita.

readopt : (v.t.) puna pariggahaṃ karoti. (pp.) punakatapariggaha.

readorn : (v.t.) puna alaṅkaroti. (pp.) puna alaṅkata.

ready : (adj.) 1. sajjībhūta; 2. sannaddha; 3. appamatta; nipuṇa; 4. sukara; sulabha.

ready made : (adj.) sajjitapaṭiyatta.

ready wit : (nt.) paṭibhāṇa.

real : (adj.) 1. avitatha; yathātatha; taccha; 2. akittima.

realisation : (nt.) sacchikaraṇa. (m.) abhisamaya.

realism : (nt.) yathābhūta-nirūpana.

realistic : (adj.) yāthāvato nirūpita.

reality : (nt.) tacchatta; vijjamānatta.

realise : (v.t.) sacchikaroti; abhisameti; paccakkhaṃ karoti. (pp.) sacchikata; abhisamita; paccakkhaṃ kata.

really : (adv.) tattato; tathato.

realm : (nt.) rajja; raṭtha. (m.) bhava; loka || formless realm: (m.) arūpabhava.

realm of goblins : (m.) petaloka.

realty : (nt.) thāvara-sāpateyya.

reanimate : (v.t.) samuttejeti; samussāheti. (pp.) samuttejita; samussāhita.

reannex : (v.t.) puna sambandheti. (pp.) puna sambandhita.

reannexation : (nt.) punasambandhana.

reap : (v.t.) luṇāti; dāyati; chindati; 2. labhati; adhigacchati. (pp.) lūṇa; dāyita; chinna; laddha; adhigata.

reaper : (m.) lāyaka.

reaping : (nt.) lāyana.

reappear : (v.i.) punarāvibhavati; puna paññāyati. (pp.) punarāvibhūta; puna paññāta.

rear : (m.) pacchābhāga. (v.t.) 1. bharata; poseti; vaḍḍeti; 2. ukkhipati. (pp.) bhata; posita; vaḍḍhita; ukkhitta.

rear most : (adj.) pacchimattara.

rear wards : (adv.) pacchāmukhaṃ.

rearing : (nt.) posaṇa; bharaṇa; ukkhipana.

reascend : (v.t.) punāruhati. (pp.) punārūḷha.

reason : (nt.) kāraṇa; nimitta. (m.) hetu; ñāya. (f.) yutti; vicāraṇasatti. (v.i.) 1. takketi; vicāreti; yuttiṃ katheti; hetuṃ dasseti. (pp.) takkita; vicārita; yuttiṃ kathita; dassitahetuka.

reasonable : (adj.) ucita; yogga; ñāyānugata; vicārasīlī.

reasonableness : (nt.) ocitya. (f.) yutti.

reasonably : (adv.) yuttipubbakaṃ; ñāyānurūpena.

reasoner : (m.) takkī; vīmaṃsī.

reasoning : (nt.) takkana; ūhana; vicāraṇa.

reasonless : (adj.) ahetuka; akāraṇa.

reassemble : (v.i.) puna sannipatati. (pp.) puna sannipatita.

reassert : (v.i.) puna sannipatati. (pp.) puna sannipatita.

reassign : (v.t.) puna nīyādeti. (pp.) puna nīyādita.

reassume : (v.t.) punārabhati. (v.i.) puna sampaṭicchati. (pp.) punāraddha; puna sampaṭicchita.

reassure : (v.t.) 1. abhayaṃ paṭijānāti; 2. samussāheti; 3. nissaṅkaṃ karoti. (pp.) paṭiññāta-abhaya; samussāhita; nissaṅkīkata.

reave : (v.t.) pasayha gaṇhāti or avaharati. (pp.) pasayha gahita; avahaṭa.

reavow : (v.i.) puna sampaṭicchati or paṭijānāti. (pp.) puna sampaṭicchita or paṭiññāta.

rebate : (nt.) vyavakalana; apahaṇa. (v.t.) (vegādiṃ) hāpeti; mandīkaroti. (pp.) hāpita; mandīkata.

rebel : (m.) dāmarika; kumantaka; rājadubbhī. (v.i.) dubbhati; kumanteti. (pp.) kumantita.

rebellion : (m.) janapadasaṅkhobha.

rebellious : (adj.) dāmarika; dubbhaka; dubbaca.

rebirth : (f.) punaruppatti; abhinibbatti. (m.) punabbhava || craving for rebirth: (f.) bhavataṇhā; wheel of rebirth: (nt.) bhavacakka.

reborn : (adj.) abhinibbatta; paccājāta.

rebound : (v.i.) paccāvattati; paṭinivattati; osakkati. (v.t.) osakkāpeti. (pp.) paccāvattita; paṭivattita; osakkita; osakkāpita.

rebuff : (m.) paccāghāta. (v.t.) 1. paṭihanati; 2. nirākaroti; 3. parājeti. (pp.) paṭihata; nirākata; parājita.

rebuild : (v.t.) puna nimmiṇāti or samuṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) puna nimmita or samuṭṭhāpita.

rebuke : (m.) akkosa; niggala. (v.t.) akkosati; niggaṇhāti. (pp.) akkuṭṭha; niggahita.

rebukingly : (adv.) saniggahaṃ; sopārambhaṃ.

rebut : (v.t.) paccakkhāti; patikkhipati; nirākaroti. (pp.) paccakhāta; paṭikkhitta; nirākata.

rebutment : (nt.) nirākaraṇa. (m.) codanāparihāra.

recalcitrant : (adj.) avidheya; anassava; dubbaca.

recalcitrate : (v.i.) āṇam atikkamati or ullaṅgheti. (pp.) atikkanta-āṇa.

recalcitration : (nt.) āṇātikkamana.

recall : (nt.) paṭikkosana; paccavhāna. (v.t.) pacavheti; abalīkaroti; moghīkaroti; paṭikkosati. (v.i.) (to mind : ) anussarati; anucinteti. (pp.) paccavhāta; abalīkata; moghīkata; paṭikkosita; anussarita; anucintita.

recant : (v.i.t.) sakamataṃ or saka-samayaṃ pajahati. (pp.) pajahitasakamata.

recapitulate : (v.t.) puna sampiṇḍetvā katheti. (pp.) puna sampiṇḍetvā kathita.

recapitulation : (f.) sampiṇḍitakathā.

recapture : (v.t.) puna gaṇhāti or rodheti. (pp.) puna gahita or rodhita. (m.) punaggāha.

recast : (v.t.) puna nimmiṇāti; paṭisaṅkharoti. (pp.) puna nimmita; paṭisaṅkhata.

recede : (v.i.) apakkamati; apagacchati; osīdati. (pp.) apakkanta; apagata; osīna.

receding : (nt.) apagamana.

receipt : (nt.) ādāna; paṭiggaha-paṇṇa. (m.) paṭilābha; āya; udaya.

receivability : (f.) laddhabbatā.

receivable : (adj.) laddhabba; paṭiggahetabba.

receive : (v.t.) 1. sampaṭicchati; paṭiggaṇhāti; 2. labhati; paṭilabhati; adhigacchati. (pp.) sampaṭicchita; paṭiggahita; laddha; adhigata.

receiver : (m.) lābhī; paṭiggahetu; iṇasodhanā-dhikārī.

recency : (nt.) nūtanatta; ādhunikatta.

recension : (nt.) punālocana; punasaṃsodhana.

recent : (adj.) nava; nūtana; acirātaga; adhunāgata.

recently : (adv.) adhunā; acirātīte.

recentness : (nt.) ādhunikatta.

receptacle : (nt.) upadhāraṇa; bhājana. (m.) kaṭāha.

reception : (nt.) paṭiggahaṇa; ādāna; sammānana. (m.) sakkāra; paṭisanthāra.

receptive : (adj.) paṭiggāhaka.

receptivity : (f.) paṭiggahaṇakkhamatā; dhāraṇakkhamatā.

recess : (m.) koṇa; vissamanakāla. (nt.) vivittaṭṭhāna; osīdana.

recession : (nt.) osīdana; apagamana.

recharge : (v.t.) puna codeti; puna suṅkaṃ niyameti; (aggi nāḷiṃ) puna pūreti. (pp.) puna codita; puna niyamitasuṅka; puna pūrita.

recipe : (m.) osadhaniyama.

recipiency : (nt.) gāhakatta.

recipient : (m.) ādāyī; gāhī; lābhī.

reciprocal : (adj.) aññamañña; itaretara.

reciprocally : (adv.) mithu; añña; maññaṃ.

reciprocate : (v.t.i.) vinimeti; aññen'aññaṃ parivatteti. (pp.) vinimita; aññen'aññaṃ parivattita.

reciprocation : (m.) vinimaya. (nt.) mithuparivattana.

reciprocity : (m.) vinimaya. (nt.) aññamaññaparivattana.

recital : (nt.) sajjhāyana. (f.) saṅgāyanā. (m.) itihāsakhaṇḍa.

recitation : (nt.) paṭhana. (m.) uddesa; sajjhāya.

recite : (v.i.t.) paṭhati; sajjhāyati; gāyati. (pp.) paṭhita; sajjhāyita; gīta.

reciter : (m.) pāṭhaka; bhāṇaka.

reck : (v.i.) parigaṇeti; sallakkheti; appamatto hoti. (pp.) parigaṇita; sallakkhita.

reckless : (adj.) pamatta; anavadhāna.

recklessly : (adv.) asamekkha; avicāriya.

recklessness : (m.) pamāda. (nt.) anavadhāna; sāhasa; anottappa.

reckon : (v.t.) gaṇeti; saṅkaleti; avadhāreti. (v.i.) vitakketi; anumāneti. (pp.) gaṇita; saṅkalita; avadhārita; vitakkita; anumānita.

reckoner : (m.) gaṇetu.

reckoning : (f.) gaṇanā; sallakkhanā.

reclaim : (v.t.) punarāvatteti; paṭilabhati; puna lābhāya ussahati; pāpato nivāreti. (pp.) punarāvattita; paṭiladdha; puna lābhāya ussahita; pāpato nivārita.

reclaimable : (adj.) paṭikaraṇīya; suppathapāpiya.

reclaimant : (adj.) suppathaṭṭha.

reclamation : (m.) punalābha. (nt.) punarāvattana. (f.) pāpanivutti.

recline : (v.i.) apasseti; saṃvisati; adhiseti. (pp.) apassita; saṃviṭṭha; adhisayita.

reclining : (adj.) apassayamāna.

recluse : (m.) samaṇa; pabbajita; paribbājaka. (adj.) pavivitta.

reclusion : (f.) ekacariyā. (m.) vivittavāsa.

reclusive : (adj.) vivekayutta.

reclusory : (m.) tāpasārāma; assama.

recognisable : (adj.) sañjānanāraha.

recognise : (v.t.) sañjānati; vijānāti; aṅgīkaroti. (pp.) sañjānita; viññāta; aṅgīkata.

recognition : (nt.) sañjānana.

recognisance : (nt.) pāṭibhogapaṇṇa. (m.) paṭibhoga.

recoil : (v.i.) paṭikuñcati; paṭilīyati. (pp.) paṭikuñcita; paṭilīna.

recoilment : (nt.) paṭilīyana; paṭikuñcana.

recollect : (v.t.i.) samanussarati; satiṃ paccupaṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) samanussarita; paccupaṭṭhitasati.

recollecting : (adj.) patissata.

recollection : (nt.) anussaraṇa. (f.) anussati.

recombine : (v.t.) puna saṃyojeti. (pp.) puna saṃyojita.

recommend : (v.t.) yathābhūtaguṇaṃ katheti or ñāpeti. (pp.) kathita yathābhūtaguṇa.

recommendable : (adj.) pāsaṃsiya; guṇakittanāraha.

recommendation : (nt.) guṇakittana; kittanapaṇṇa.

recommendatory : (adj.) kittanapubbaka.

recommit : (v.t.) puna rundhāpeti or jānāpeti. (pp.) puna rundhāpita.

recompense : (nt.) hānipūraṇa; phātikamma. (v.t.) phātikammaṃ karoti; paṭidaṇḍaṃ deti. (pp.) kataphātikamma; dinnapaṭidaṇḍa.

recompose : (v.t.) puna racayati or sampādeti. (pp.) puna racita or sampādita.

reconcilable : (adj.) paṭisandahanīya; susandheyya.

reconcile : (v.t.) paṭisandhāneti. (pp.) paṭisandhānita.

reconcilement : (nt.) virodhasamana; saṅghaṭana.

reconciliation : (nt.) virodhasamana; saṅghaṭana.

reconciliatory : (adj.) sāmaggisādhaka; sandhānakara.

recondite : (adj.) dubbodha; gūḷhattha.

reconduct : (v.t.) puna neti. (pp.) puna nīta.

reconnaissance : (f.) paṭhamata-rupaparikkhā.

reconnoitre : (v.t.) pageva upaparikkhati. (pp.) pageva upaparikkhita.

reconquer : (v.t.) puna jināti; paṭijināti. (pp.) puna jita; paṭijita.

reconsider : (v.t.) puna vitakketi or sallakheti. (pp.) puna vitakkita or sallakkhita.

reconsideration : (nt.) puna sallakkhaṇa.

reconstruct : (v.t.) puna māpeti or karoti. (pp.) puna māpita or kata.

reconvey : (v.t.) punāharati; puna pāpeti. (pp.) punāhaṭa; puna pāpita.

reconveyance : (nt.) punapāpana.

record : (m.) vuttanta. (f.) pavattilekhā. (v.t.) abhilikhati; paṇṇe āropeti. (pp.) abhilikkhita; paṇṇe āropita.

recorder : (m.) lekhanāropaka.

recoup : (v.t.) 1. hāniṃ pūreti; 2. ūnaṃ karoti. (pp.) pūritahānika; ūnīkata.

recourse : (f.) patiṭṭhā. (m.) avalamba; nissaya. (nt.) tāṇa; leṇa.

recover : (v.t.) paṭilabhati; paccāharati. (v.i.) gilānā vuṭṭhāti; arogo hoti. (pp.) paṭiladdha; paccāhaṭa; gilānā vuṭṭhita; arogībhūta.

recovery : (nt.) paccāharaṇa. (m.) rogūpasama.

recreant : (adj.; n.) adhīra; kātara; hīnaviriya.

recreate : (v.t.) 1. puna māpeti; 2. paṭisaṅkharoti. (v.i.) 1. vissamati; balaṃ paṭilabhati; 2. ramati. (pp.) puna māpita; paṭisaṅkhata; vissamita; paṭiladdhabala; rata.

recreation : (nt.) vissamana; balāharaṇa. (m.) vinoda.

recreative : (adj.) sukhakara; anurañjaka.

recrement : (m.) kasaṭa; kacavara. (nt.) mala.

recriminate : (v.t.) paṭicodeti; paccabhiyuñjati. (pp.) paṭicodita; paccabhiyutta.

recrimination : (m.) paccabhiyoga. (f.) paṭicodanā.

recriminative : (adj.) paṭicodanāraha.

recrudesce : (v.i.) puna pabhijjati. (pp.) puna pabhinna.

recrudescence : (nt.) punabhijjana.

recrudescent : (adj.) punavaḍḍhanaka.

recruit : (v.t.) balaṃ vaḍḍheti; navasenā āharati. (v.i.) anubalaṃ labhati. (pp.) vaḍḍhitabala; āhaṭa navasena; laddhānubala.

rectangle : (nt.) caturassaka.

rectangular : (adj.) catukoṇayutta.

rectification : (nt.) dosāpaharaṇa; parisodhana.

rectify : (v.t.) 1. dosam apaharati; saṃsodheti; 2. pākatikaṃ karoti. (pp.) apahaṭadosa; saṃsodhita; pākatikaṃ kata.

rectilinear : (adj.) ujurekhāyutta.

rectitude : (nt.) ujutta; ajjava; dhammikatta.

rector : (m.) ajjhakkhaka; vijjāla-yādhipati.

recumbence : (nt.) passena-sayana.

recumbency : (nt.) nipajjana.

recumbent : (adj.) nipajjamāna; passena sayamāna.

recuperate : (v.t.) ārogyaṃ paṭilabhati. (v.i.) gilānā vuṭṭhāti. (pp.) paṭiladdhārogya; gilānā vuṭṭhita.

recuperation : (m.) ārogyapaṭilābha.

recur : (v.i.) puna sijjhati. (pp.) puna siddha.

recurrence : (f.) punasiddhi.

recurrent : (adj.) punappuna-sijjhamāna.

recurring : (adj.) punappuna-sijjhamāna.

recusant : (adj.; n.) avidheyya; avasavattī.

red : (adj.; n.) ratta; lohita; rattavaṇṇa.

red arsenic : (nt.) sindūra.

red colour : (m.) rattavaṇṇa.

red dish : (adj.) piñjara; aruṇavaṇṇa.

red eyed : (adj.) lohitakkha; tambanetta.

red lead : (nt.) cīnapiṭṭha.

red-hot : (adj.) uttatta.

redact : (v.t.) (ganthaṃ) saṃsodheti; saṅkharoti. (pp.) saṃsodhita; saṅkhata.

redaction : (nt.) saṃsodhana; saṅkharaṇa.

redactor : (m.) saṃsodhaka.

redant : (f.) tambakipillikā.

redden : (v.t.) rattavaṇṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) rattavaṇṇīkata.

reddle : (f.) gerukamattikā.

redeem : (v.t.) 1. dhanaṃ datvā moceti; 2. (a promise : ) paṭiññaṃ moceti. (pp.) dhanaṃ datvā mocita; mocitapaṭiñña.

redeemer : (m.) tāyaka; vimocaka; pāpasodhaka.

redemption : (nt.) parimocana; pāpasodhana; nyāsamocana.

redemptory : (adj.) muttikara.

redintegrate : (v.t.) paṭipākatikaṃ karoti. (pp.) paṭipākatikaṃ kata.

redirect : (v.t.) puna niyojeti. (pp.) puna niyojita.

redolence : (f.) uggagandhatā. (m.) sugandha.

redolent : (adj.) uggagandhī; sugandhī.

redouble : (v.t.) nirantaraṃ vaḍḍheti; bahulīkaroti; daḷhīkaroti. (pp.) nirantaraṃ vaḍdhita; bahulīkata; daḷhīkata. (v.i.) nirantaraṃ vaḍḍhati; bahulībhavati. (pp.) bahulībhūta.

redoubt : (m.) kālika-balakoṭṭhaka.

redoubtable : (adj.) uruvikkama; mahāpatāpa.

redoubted : (adj.) bhīma; duppadhaṃsiya.

redound : (v.i.) mahato atthāya pavattati; phaladāyī hoti. (pp.) mahato atthāya pavattita; phaladāyībhūta.

redress : see Recompense.

reduce : (v.t.) 1. hāpeti; tanukaroti; 2. (price : ) osādeti; 3. abhibhavati; parājeti; 4. pāpeti; 5. (metal : ) visuṃ karoti; viyojeti. (pp.) hāpita; tanukata; osādita; abhibhūta; parājita; pāpita; visuṃkata; viyojita.

reducible : (adj.) hāpanīya.

reduction : (nt.) hāpana; ūnakaraṇa; pāpana. (m.) parābhava.

redundancy : (f.) atirittatā. (nt.) adhikatta.

redundant : (adj.) atiritta; adhika; sātisaya.

redundantly : (adv.) sātisayaṃ.

reduplicate : (v.t.) diguṇīkaroti. (pp.) diguṇīkata.

reduplication : (nt.) digunīkaraṇa; dvittatāpādana.

reed : (m.) naḷa. (v.t.) naḷehi acchādeti or alaṅkaroti. (pp.) naḷehi acchādita or alaṅkata || bundle of reed: (m.) naḷakalāpa.

reed-hut : (nt.) naḷāgāra.

reedy : (adj.) naḷabahula.

reef : (m.) silāsaṅghāta. (v.t.) lakāraṃ saṃharati. (pp.) saṃhaṭalakāra.

reek : (m.) 1. dhūma; 2. duggandha. (v.i.) dhūmāyati; duggandhaṃ nicchāreti. (pp.) dhūmāyita; nicchāritaduggandha.

reel : (m.) suttāvaṭṭa; bhama. (nt.) tantuveṭhana; kam, pana. (v.i.) paribbhamati. (v.t.) bhamāpeti. (pp.) paribbhanta; bhamāpita.

reelingly : (adv.) sabbhamaṃ.

refection : (nt.) lahubhojana; balāharaṇa.

refectory : (nt.) bhattagga. (f.) bhojanasālā.

refer : (v.t.) 1. niddisati; apadisati; 2. niyyādeti. (pp.) niddiṭṭha; apadiṭtha; niyyādita.

refer back : (v.t.) puna vicāraṇāya paṭipeseti.

referable : (adj.) 1. nidassitabba; 2. niyyādetabba.

referee : (m.) tīraṇakārī. (v.i.) tīreti. (pp.) tīrita.

reference : (nt.) apadisana; āvedana.

referendary : see Referee.

referring to : (adj.) upanāyika; uddesika.

refill : (v.t.) punapūreti. (pp.) punapūrita.

refine : (v.t.) visodheti; vimalīkaroti. (v.i.) visujjhati. (pp.) visodhita; vimalīkata; visuddha.

refinement : (nt.) visodhana; nimmalīkaraṇa.

refiner : (m.) saṃsodhaka; visodhaka.

refinery : (nt.) lohasodhanaṭṭhāna.

refit : (v.t.) puna ghaṭeti. (pp.) puna ghaṭita.

reflect : (v.i.) 1. jhāyati; vitakketi; 2. parāvattati. (v.t.) viparāvatteti. (pp.) jhāyita; vitakkita; parāvatta; viparāvattita.

reflect on : āvajjati.

reflecting : (adj.) 1. jhāyamāna; 2. parāvattamāna.

reflection : (nt.) upanijjhāna; paccavekkaṇa. (m.) paṭibimba.

reflective : (adj.) 1. cintāpara; 2. viparāvattaka.

reflectively : (adv.) vicārapubbakaṃ.

reflector : (m.) viparāvattaka; paṭibimbadassaka; ādāsa.

reflex : (m.) parāvattita-āloka. (nt.) upanijjhāna.

reflexible : (adj.) parāvattanakkhama.

reflexion : (m.) paṭibimba.

refluence : (nt.) paṭisandana.

refluent : (adj.) paṭisandamāna.

reflux : (nt.) paṭisandana.

reform : (nt.) dosāpaharaṇa; paṭisaṅkharaṇa. (v.t.) paṭisaṅkharoti; paṭisodheti; dosam apaharati. (pp.) paṭisaṅkhata; paṭisodhita; apahaṭadosa. (v.i.) pāpā or dosā viramati. (pp.) pāpā or dosā virata.

reformable : (adj.) saṃsodhanāraha; saṅkharaṇakkhama.

reformation : (nt.) paṭisaṅkharaṇa.

reformative : (adj.) saṃsodhaka.

reformatory : (nt.) caritasodhanaṭṭhāna.

reformer : (m.) saṃsodhaka; paṭisaṅkhāraka.

refract : (v.t.) raṃsiṃ vyāvaṭṭeti. (pp.) vyāvaṭṭitaraṃsī.

refraction : (nt.) raṃsi-vyāvaṭṭana.

refractorily : (adv.) avidheyyākārena; asādhiyākārena.

refractoriness : (f.) avasavattitā.

refractory : (adj.) duddamya; avasavattī; kūṭa; avidheya.

refrain : (v.t.) nivāreti; nivatteti. (v.i.) viramati. (pp.) nivārita; nivattita; virata.

refraining : (nt.) vigamana.

refrangibility : (nt.) namyatta.

refrangible : (adj.) namya; vyāvaṭṭanīya.

refresh : (v.t.) kilamathaṃ vinodeti; santappeti; vissamāpeti. (v.i.) vissamati; balaṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) vinoditakilamatha; santappita; vissamāpita; vissanta; gahitabala.

refreshing : (adj.) santappaka.

refreshment : (nt.) 1. kilamathavinodana; 2. lahubhojana.

refrigerant : (adj.) tapanāsaka; sītakara. (nt.) tāpanibbāpana; sītalī-karaṇosadha.

refrigerate : (v.t.) sītalīkaroti. (v.i.) sītalībhavati. (pp.) sītalīkata; sītalībhūta.

refrigeration : (nt.) sītīkaraṇa.

refrigerator : (nt.) sītalīkaraṇabhājana.

refuge : (nt.) saraṇa; tāṇa; leṇa. (f.) patiṭṭhā. (v.t.) tāṇaṃ or leṇaṃ deti; rakkhati. (pp.) dinnatāṇa; rakkhita || take refuge: saraṇaṃ gaṇhāti.

refugee : (m.) saraṇāgata; anātha.

refulgence : (m.) ujjalobhāsa.

refulgent : (adj.) pabhassara; dippamāna; bhāsura.

refund : (nt.) paṭidāna. (v.t.) (gahitamūlaṃ) paṭidadāti. (pp.) paṭidinna.

refusal : (nt.) paccakkhāna. (m.) paṭikkhepa; paṭisedha.

refuse : (nt.) mala; kasaṭa. (adj.) avasiṭtha; ucciṭṭha; asāra. (v.t.) paṭikkhipati; paṭisedheti; paccakkhāti. (pp.) paṭikkhitta; paṭisedhita; paccakkhāta.

refutable : (adj.) nirākaraṇīya; khaṇḍanīya.

refutation : (nt.) matakhaṇḍana; nirākaraṇa.

refute : (v.t.) nirākaroti; paccādisati. (pp.) nirākata; paccādiṭṭha.

regain : (v.t.) paṭilabhati; puna adhigacchati. (pp.) paṭiladdha; punādhigata.

regal : (adj.) rājakīya; rājāyatta.

regale : (v.t.) bhusaṃ santappeti; atitoseti. (v.i.) paritussati; yāvadhatthaṃ bhuñjati. (pp.) bhusaṃ santappita; atitosita; parituṭtha; yāvadhatthaṃ bhutta.

regalement : (nt.) suṭṭhu santappaṇa.

regalia : (nt.; plu.) rājakakudhabhaṇḍa; rājaciṇha.

regality : (nt.) rājatta.

regally : (adv.) rājārahākārena.

regard : (m.) sammāna. (nt.) avadhāna. (f.) sambhāvanā. (v.t.) 1. avekkhati; sallakkheti; 2. sammāneti; sambhāveti; 3. anuvicinteti. (pp.) avekkhita; sallakkhita; sammānita; sambhāvita; anuvicintita.

regardful : (adj.) sāvadhāna; sapekkha.

regardfully : (adv.) sādaraṃ; sāvadhānaṃ.

regarding : (prep.) sandhāya; uddissa.

regardless : (adj.) nirapekkha; udāsīna.

regardlessly : (adv.) udāsīnatāya.

regardlessness : (f.) upekkhā; udāsīnatā.

regency : (nt.) rājapaṭinidhitta.

regenerate : (v.t.) punuppādeti; nūtanattaṃ pāpeti. (v.i.) puna jāyati. (pp.) punuppādita; nūtanattaṃ pāpita; punajāta.

regeneration : (nt.) punaruṭṭhapana.

regenesis : (m.) punabbhava. (f.) punaruppatti.

regent : (m.) rājapaṭinidhi.

regicide : (nt.) rājanāsana. (m.) rajaghātī.

regime : (nt.) rajjānusāsana. (m.) rajjakāla.

regimen : (m.) sappāyavidhi.

regiment : (nt.) senādala; aṇīka.

regimental : (adj.) senādalāyatta.

region : (nt.) rajja; raṭṭha; vijita. (m.) desa; visaya.

regional : (adj.) padesika.

register : (nt.) lekhānidhāna. (v.t.) likhitvā nidahati. (pp.) likhitvā nihita.

registrar : (m.) lekhanādhikārī.

registration : (nt.) likhitvā nidahana.

regnal : (adj.) rajjapālanāyatta.

regnant : (adj.) 1. rajjānusasāmāna; 2. accāvassaka; atippadhāna.

regorge : (v.t.) uggirati; vamati. (pp.) uggirita; vanta.

regress : (nt.) parāvattana; paṭinivattana. (v.i.) parāvattati; paccosakkati. (pp.) parāvattita; paccosakkita.

regression : (nt.) parāvattana; osakkana.

regret : (m.) anutāpa; vippaṭisāra. (f.) anusocanā. (v.t.) anutappati; anusocati.

regrettable : (adj.) anutapanīya; socanīya.

regretful : (adj.) sānutāpa; sasoka.

regretfully : (adv.) sānutāpaṃ.

regular : (adj.) 1. anukkamika; niyamānugata; nibaddha; 2. ekākāra.

regularity : (m.) anukkama. (f.) paṭipāṭi. (nt.) niyatatta.

regularly : (adv.) niyataṃ; nibaddhaṃ; yathāvidhiṃ; yathākkamaṃ.

regulate : (v.t.) saṃvidahati; niyameti; kamānugataṃ karoti. (pp.) saṃvihita; niyamita; kamānugakata.

regulation : (nt.) saṃvidhāna. (m.) niyama. (f.) sikkhā; paññatti; nīti.

regulative : (adj.) niyāmaka; paññāpaka.

regulator : (m.) vidahaka; paññāpetu.

rehabilitate : (v.t.) puna ṭhānantare ṭhapeti.

rehabilitation : (nt.) pakatika-karaṇa; punādhikāradāna.

rehearsal : (f.) saṅgīti; ekato sajjhāyanā.

rehearse : (v.t.) saṅgāyati; sajjhāyati. (pp.) saṅgāyita; sajjhāyita.

reign : (nt.) rajjapālana; rajjānusāsana. (m.) rajjakāla. (v.i.) rajjam anusāsati or pāleti. (pp.) anusiṭṭharajja.

reigning : (adj.) rajjaṃ kurumāna.

reimburse : (v.t.) vayakataṃ paṭidadāti.

reimbursement : (nt.) vayapaṭidāna.

rein : (f.) kusā; ratharasmi. (v.t.) saṃyameti; niggaṇhāti. (pp.) saṃyamita; niggahita.

reincarnation : (f.) punaruppatti.

reindeer : (m.) tuhinamiga.

reinforce : (v.t.) senābalaṃ vaḍḍheti. (pp.) vaḍḍhitasenābala.

reinforcement : (nt.) upatthambhana; senāvaḍḍhana.

reinsert : (v.t.) puna anto paveseti. (pp.) puna anto pavesita.

reinspection : (nt.) punupaparikkhaṇa.

reinstall : (v.t.) puna (adhikāre) patiṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) puna patiṭṭhāpita.

reinstate : (v.t.) puna osāreti. (pp.) puna osārita.

reinstatement : (f.) osāraṇā; puna-patiṭṭhāpanā.

reiterate : (v.t.) punappunaṃ karoti or katheti. (pp.) punappunaṃ kata or kathita.

reiteration : (f.) punarutti. (nt.) punakaṇa.

reject : (v.t.) 1. nudati; nissāreti; nissajati; 2. paṭikkhipati. (pp.) nudita; nissārita; nissaṭṭha; paṭikkhitta.

rejection : (nt.) panudana; nissajana.

rejoice : (v.i.) modati; pamodati; abhiramati; nandati; abhinandati. (v.t.) toseti; pamodeti; abhiramapeti. (pp.) modita; pamodita; abhirata; nandita; abhinandita; tosita; pamodita; abhiramāpita.

rejoicing : (m.) ānanda; āmoda; pamoda. (f.) abhirati; modanā. (adj.) modamāna; ramamāna.

rejoicing together : (adj.) sahanandī.

rejoin : (v.t.) paṭisandhāneti; puna saṃyojeti. (v.i.) paccuttaraṃ deti. (pp.) paṭisandhānita; punasaṃyojita; dinnapacuttara.

rejoinder : (nt.) paccuttara; paṭivacana.

rejudge : (v.t.) puna tīreti. (pp.) punatīrita.

rejuvenate : (v.t.) yuvattaṃ paṭineti. (pp.) yuvattaṃ paṭinīta.

rejuvenation : (nt.) punayuvattapāpana.

rejuvenescence : (f.) punayobhanappatti.

rekindle : (v.t.) puna jāleti or dippeti. (pp.) punajālita or dippita.

relapse : (nt.) paṭipatana. (f.) pubbāvatthāpatti. (v.i.) paṭipatati; paccāvattati. (pp.) paṭipatita; paccāvattita.

relate : (v.t.) akkhāti; ācikkhati; kitteti; vaṇṇeti. (v.i.) sambandhībhavati. (pp.) akkhāta; ācikkhita; kittita; vaṇṇita; sambandhībhūta.

related : (adj.) ñātibhūta; sambaddha.

relater : (m.) akkhātu; kittetu.

relating : (adj.) sambandhī; sahayogī.

relation : (m.) sambandha; saṃsagga; sampayoga; bandhu; bandhava; sagotta; ñāti; ñātaka. (nt.) bandhutta; sakatta.

relationship : (nt.) bandhutta; sambandhatta.

relative : (adj.) sambandhavācaka; sapekkha. (m.) bandhu; ñāti.

Relative Compound : (m.) bahubbīhisamāsa.

relatively : (adv.) aññāpekkhāya.

relax : (v.t.) sithilayati; dubbalīkaroti. (v.i.) sithilībhavati; viriyam ossajati. (pp.) sithilayita; dubbalīkata; sithilībhūta; ossaṭṭhaviriya.

relaxation : (nt.) sithilīkaraṇa; viriyossajana.

relaxative : (adj.) sithilikara; virecaka.

release : (f.) mutti; vimutti. (m.) mokkha; vimokkha. (nt.) niyyāna; pamuccana. (v.t.) moceti; vimoceti; parimoceti; muñcati; vissajjeti. (pp.) mocita; vimocita; parimocita; mutta; vissaṭṭha || well-released: (adj.) sumutta; vippamutta.

release form debt : (m.) iṇamokkha.

relegate : (v.t.) vivāseti; pabbājeti. (pp.) vivāsita; pabbājita.

relegation : (nt.) nibbāsana; pabbājana.

relent : (v.i.) anukampati. (pp.) anukampita.

relentingly : (adv.) sadayaṃ; sānukampaṃ.

relentless : (adj.) niddaya; niranukampa.

relentlessly : (adv.) niddayākārena.

relevance : (nt.) anurūpatta; anukūlatta; ocitya.

relevant : (adj.) vavatthānurūpa; anukūla; opāyika; saṅgata.

relevantly : (adv.) anukūlatāya; saṅgatākārena.

reliability : (nt.) saddheyyatta.

reliable : (adj.) saddahitabba; paccayika; vissasanīya.

reliance : (nt.) saddahana. (m.) saddheyyayatta.

relic : (nt.) matakalebara; paribhutta-vatthu. (f.) avasiṭṭha-dhātu.

relic-casket : (m.) dhātu-samugga.

relic-chamber : (m.) dhātugabbha.

relict : (f.) vidhavā; patisuññā.

relief : (m.) assāsa; upasama; vimokkha; upakāra; upatthambha. (nt.) nibbāpana. (f.) mutti.

relieve : see Release.

relieving officer : (m.) anātha-sahanadāyī.

religion : (m.) samaya. (f.) diṭthi.

religionist : (m.) samayānuvattī.

religionize : (v.t.) samayānugaṃ karoti.

religiosity : (f.) adhikabhatti.

religiose : (adj.) atibhattimantu.

religious : (adj.) dhammika; bhattimantu; dhammāyatta.

religious belief : (f.) laddhi.

religious life : (f.)brahmacariyā; sāmayikavutti.

religious practice : (f.) sāmayika-paṭipatti.

religious vow : (nt.) vata; dhutaṅga.

religiously : (adv.) yathādhammaṃ; samayānurūpaṃ.

relinquish : (v.t.) cajati; jahāti; vossajati. (pp.) catta; jahita; vossaṭṭha.

relinquishment : (nt.) pajahana. (m.) vossagga.

relish : (nt.) sādurasa; assāda; āseka. (nt.) upasiñcanaka. (v.t.) surasaṃ karoti; assādeti; roceti. (pp.) surasīkata; assādita; rocita.

relishable : (adj.) rucikara; surasa.

relucent : (adj.) ujjala; pabhassara.

reluctance : (f.) anicchā; vimukhata.

reluctant : (adj.) akāmaka; anicchamāna.

reluctantly : (adv.) akāmaṃ; aniccāya.

rely : (v.i.) vissasati; saddahati. (pp.) vissattha; saddahita.

relying on : (adj.) nissita; avalambī.

relying on others : (adj.) parapattiya; parapaccayika.

remain : (v.i.) ohīyati; nivattati; acchati; avasissati; atiriccati. (pp.) ohīna; nivatta; avasiṭṭha; atiritta. (m.; nt.; plu.) matadeha.

remainder : (m.) sesa; atireka.

remaining : (adj.) avisiṭṭha; atirekabhūta.

remand : (f.) puna bandhanappaṇā. (v.t.) paṭiavheti; kārāpālānaṃ puna appeti. (pp.) paṭiavhita; kārāpālānaṃ puna appita.

remark : (nt.) bhāsana; kathana. (f.) utti. (nt.) nirūpana. (v.t.i.) saṃlakkheti; nirūpeti; vadati; ākhyāti. (pp.) saṃlakkhita; nirūpita; vutta; ākhyāta.

remarkable : (adj.) visiṭṭha; saṃlakkhaṇīya.

remarkably : (adv.) visiṭṭhākārena.

remarry : (v.t.) puna vivāheti. (pp.) puna vivāhita.

remediable : (adj.) satekiccha; sappatikāra.

remediless : (adj.) atekiccha; asādhiya.

remedilessly : (adv.) atekicchākārena.

remedy : (m.) patikāra. (nt.) bhesajja; osadha. (v.t.) paṭikaroti; tikicchati. (pp.) paṭikata; tikicchita.

remember : (v.t.) sarati; anussarati. (pp.) sarita.

remembrance : (f.) sati. (nt.) anussaraṇa.

remind : (v.t.) sarāpeti. (pp.) sarāpita.

reminder : (nt.) sārakavatthu. (m.) sāretu.

reminding : (f.) sāraṇā.

reminiscence : see memory.

reminiscent : (adj.) saramāna.

reminiscently : (adv.) anussatipubbakaṃ.

remise : (f.) paṭiappaṇā. (nt.) nīyānirapekkha. (v.t.i.) nīyāteti; vasaṃ yāti. (pp.) nīyātita; vasaṃ yāta.

remiss : (adj.) pamatta; anohita; nirapekkha.

remissible : (adj.) khamanāraha.

remission : (nt.) pāpamocana; balahāpana. (f.) iṇamutti.

remissibly : (adv.) pamādena; anavadhānena.

remissness : (m.) pamāda. (nt.) anavadhāna.

remit : (v.t.i.) peseti; pahiṇāti; sithilīkaroti; (pāpā or iṇā) moceti; vissajjeti; dosaṃ khamati. (pp.) pesita; pahita; sithilīkata; mocita; vissaṭṭha; khamitadosa.

remittal : (nt.) paravasagamana; pariggahanīyātana.

remittance : (nt.) pesana; pesitamūla.

remittee : (m.) pesaka; pesetu.

remittent : (adj.) vārena vāraṃ hāyamāna.

remnant : (m.) avasiṭṭhabhāga.

remodel : (v.t.) navasaṇṭhāmena sampādeti. (pp.) navasaṇṭhānena sampādita.

remonstrance : (m.) nivāraṇopāya. (nt.) virodhadassana.

remonstrant : (adj.) virodhadassaka.

remonstrate : (v.i.t.) viruddhaṃ vadati; virodhaṃ dasseti. (pp.) viruddhaṃ vutta; dassitavirodha.

remonstratingly : (adv.) virodhadassanena.

remorse : (m.) anutāpa; upatāpa; pacchātāpa; vippaṭisāra.

remorseful : (adj.) vippaṭisārī; anutāpī.

remorseless : (adj.) niddaya; niṭṭhura.

remorselessly : (adv.) niddayākārena.

remorselessness : (nt.) niddayatta.

remote : (adj.) dūraṭṭha; pavivitta.

remoteness : (f.) dūravattitā.

remount : (v.t.) punāruhati. (pp.) punārūḷha.

removable : (adj.) apasaraṇīya; jahitabba; apanetabba.

removal : (nt.) apanudana; panudana. (m.) apagama; apakkama.

remove : (nt.) apagamana; visesappamāṇa. (v.t.) apaneti; apaharati; pajahati; dhunāti; panudati. (pp.) apanīta; apahaṭa; pajahita; dhuta; panudita. (v.i.) apayāti; apagacchati. (pp.) apayāta; apagata.

remover : (n.) apahattu; apanetu.

remover of darkness : (m.) tamonuda.

remunerate : (v.t.) vetanaṃ or pāritosikaṃ deti; paccupakaroti; yathārahaṃ phalaṃ deti. (pp.) dinnavetana; paccupakata; yathārahaṃ dinnaphala.

remuneration : (nt.) phaladāna; paṭiphala.

remunerative : (adj.) lābhuppādaka; phaladāyī.

remuneratively : (adv.) phaladāyīvasena.

renaissance : (nt.) punaruddīpana.

renascence : (f.) punaruppatti. (m.) punarubbhava.

renascent : (adj.) punarubbhavamāna.

reencounter : (m.) saṅgāma; asambhāvita-samāgama.

rend : (v.t.) phāleti; dāḷeti; vidāreti. (pp.) phālita; dāḷita; vidārita.

render : (v.t.) 1. paṭidadāti; 2. pāpeti; 3. anuvādeti or bhāsantaraṃ parivatteti. (pp.) paṭidinna; pāpita; anuvādita. (nt.) paṭidāna; karadāna. (n.) phālaka; vidāraka.

render help : upatthambheti.

rendered useless : viddhasta; vināsita.

rendering : (m.) bhāsānuvāda.

rendezvous : (nt.) saṅketaṭṭhāna; sannipātaṭṭhāna.

rending : (nt.) vidālana.

renegade : (m.) dhammabhaṭṭha; sadhammacāgī. (v.i.) sadhammaṃ or sapakkhaṃ cajati. (pp.) cattasadhamma.

renew : (v.t.) navīkaroti; pakatiṃ pāpeti. (pp.) navīkata; pakatiṃ pāpita.

renewable : (adj.) navattāpādiya.

renewal : (nt.) paṭisandahana. (m.) punārambha.

renewer : (m.) navattāpādaka.

renounce : (v.t.) pajahati; pariccajati; nissajati; paccakkhāti; alan ti vadati. (pp.) pajahita; pariccatta; nissaṭṭha; paccakkhāta; alan ti vutta.

renouncement : (nt.) paccakkhāna. (m.) paṭinissagga.

renovate : see renew.

renown : (f.) kitti; vissuti; pasiddhi.

renowned : (adj.) vissuta; vikhyāta; paññāta; pākaṭa.

rent : (m.) kara; bali. (nt.) phuṭana; vivara; vidārana. (v.t.) kālikakarena gaṇhāti or deti. (pp.) kālikakarena gahita or dinna.

rentable : (adj.) kālikakarena dātabba.

rental : (n.) kālikakara.

renumber : (v.t.) puna aṅkāni yojeti. (pp.) punayojitaṅka.

renunciation : (m.) paṭinissagga. (nt.) abhinikkhaman. (f.) pabbajjā.

renunciationory : (adj.) paṭinissagāyatta.

reorganise : (v.t.) puna vidahati or payojeti. (pp.) puna vihita or payojita.

reorganisation : (nt.) punavidhāna.

repair : (nt.) paṭisaṅkharaṇa; paṭijaggana; hānipūraṇa; nissitaṭṭhāna. (v.t.) paṭisaṅkharoti; paṭijaggati. (pp.) paṭisaṅkhata; paṭijaggita. (v.i.) yāti; pāpuṇāti; nissayati. (pp.) yāta; patta; nissita.

reparable : (adj.) paṭisaṅkharaṇīya; sappatikāra.

reparation : (nt.) hānipūraṇa; alābhadāna.

repartee : (m.) khippanisantī. (v.i.) sopahāsaṃ vadati.

repartition : (nt.) punavibhajana.

repast : (nt.) bhojana. (m.) āhāra. (v.t.) bhojeti. (v.i.) bhuñjati. (pp.) bhojita; bhutta.

repatriate : (v.t.) sadesaṃ pāpeti. (v.i.) sadesaṃ pāpuṇāti. (pp.) sadesaṃ pāpita; sadesaṃ patta.

repay : (v.t.) paṭidadāti; nitthāreti; phalam uppādeti. (pp.) paṭidinna; nitthārita; uppāditaphala.

repayable : (adj.) paṭidātabba.

repayment : (nt.) paṭidāna; phaladāna.

repeal : (m.) lopa; paccādesa. (nt.) balāpaharaṇa. (v.t.) lopeti; paccādisati; balam apaharati; moghīkaroti. (pp.) lutta; paccādiṭṭha; apahaṭabala; moghīkata.

repealer : (n.) lopaka; nivāraka.

repeat : (v.t.) punappuna karoti or vadati. (pp.) punappunakata or vutta.

repeatedly : (adv.) punappunaṃ; asakiṃ; abhikkhaṇaṃ.

repeater : (m.) punavādī.

repel : (v.t.) paṭipalāpeti; paṭibāhati; paṭinivāreti. (pp.) paṭipalāpita; paṭibāhita; paṭinivārita.

repellence : (nt.) palāpana; nivāraṇa.

repellent : (adj.) palāpaka; paṭibāhaka.

repelling : (adj.) paṭibāhaka.

repent : (v.i.) anutapati; anusocati. (pp.) anutapita; anusocita.

repentance : (m.) pacchātāpa; vippaṭisāra.

repentant : (adj.) anutāpī.

repentantly : (adv.) sānutāpaṃ.

repeople : (v.t.) puna janāvāsaṃ karoti. (pp.) punajanāvāsaṃ kata.

repercussion : (m.) paṭighāta; paṭighosa. (nt.) parāvattana.

repercussive : (adj.) parāvattaka.

repertory : (nt.) paṭisāmitaṭṭhāna; bhaṇḍāgāra.

reperusal : (nt.) puna sammāvācana.

repetition : (f.) punarutti. (nt.) punakaraṇa.

repine : (v.i.) khijjati; nibbijjati; avasīdati. (pp.) khinna; nibbinna; avasīna.

replace : (v.t.) paṭiniveseti; puna yathāṭhāne ṭhapeti. (pp.) paṭinivesita; puna yathāṭhāne ṭhapita.

replacement : (nt.) paṭinidahana; yathāṭhane ṭhapana.

replant : (v.t.) puna ropeti. (pp.) punaropita.

replenish : (v.t.) paṭipūreti. (pp.) paṭipūrita.

replenishment : (nt.) paṭipūraṇa; punasampādana.

replete : (adj.) sampuṇṇa; paripuṇṇa; aḍḍha; samiddha.

repletion : (f.) samiddhatā.

replica : (nt.) paṭirūpa. (f.) samānaputtikā.

replicate : (v.t.) dvittaṃ karoti; paṭirūpaṃ samādeti; saṃharati. (pp.) dvittakata; sampāditapaṭirūpa; saṃhata.

replication : (nt.) saṃharaṇa; paccuttaradāna; puttikākaraṇa.

reply : (nt.) paṭivacana; paccuttara; vissajjana. (v.t.) paccuttaraṃ deti; (pañhaṃ) vissajjeti. (pp.) dinnapaccuttara; vissajjita.

report : (m.) vuttanta; nāda. (f.) anussuti. (nt.) āvedana. (v.t) vuttantaṃ likhati, nivedeti or viññāpeti; pavattiṃ katheti. (pp.) likhitavutanta; kathitapavattī.

reporter : (m.) vuttantanivedaka.

repose : (m.) vissama. (nt.) nipajjana. (f.) passaddhi. (v.i.) vissamati. (v.t.) passambheti; vissasati.

reposeful : (adj.) vissamanayutta.

reposefully : (adv.) passaddhākārena.

reposit : (v.t.) nidahati. (pp.) nidahita or nihita.

repository : (m.) ākara; nihitaṭṭhāna. (nt.) āyatana.

repossess : (v.t.) punāyattaṃ karoti. (pp.) punāyattīkata.

repossession : (nt.) punāyattīkaraṇa.

reprehend : (v.t.) santajjeti; dosam āropeti. (pp.) santajjita; āropitadosa.

reprehensible : (adj.) sāvajja; tajjanīya.

reprehension : (f.) garahā. (nt.) santajjana. (m.) upārambha.

reprehensive : (adj.) santajjaka; sopārambha.

represent : (v.t.) 1. vitthāralakkhaṇaṃ katheti; paṭinidasseti; 2. nivedeti; 3. aññatthāya sandissati; 4. aññavesena tiṭṭhati. (pp.) kathitavitthāralakkhaṇa; paṭinidassita; nivedita; aññatthāya sandiṭṭha; aññavesena tiṭṭhita.

representation : (nt.) 1. padassana; nivedana; sandissana; 2. paṭibimba.

representative : (m.) niyojitapuggala; āyuttaka. (adj.) paṭinidhibhūta.

repress : (v.t.) rodheti; abhibhavati; saṃyameti; niggaṇhāti. (pp.) rodhita; abhibhūta; saṃyamita; niggahita.

repression : (m.) niggaha; paṭirodha. (nt.) abhibhavana.

repressive : (adj.) niggaṇhanaka.

repressively : (adv.) niggahapubbakaṃ.

reprieve : (v.t.) daṇḍanakālaṃ or vadhakālaṃ atikkamāpeti. (pp.) atikkamāpitavadhakāla.

reprimand : (nt.) nītiyā santajjana. (v.t.) nītiyā santajjeti. (pp.) nītiyā santajjita.

reprint : (nt.) punamuddāpana. (v.t.) puna muddāpeti. (pp.) puna muddāpita.

reprisal : (nt.) veranīyātana; karaṇuttarikaraṇa.

reproach : (f.) garahā; omasanā. (m.) apavāda; upakkosa. (v.t.) garahati; apavadati; akkosati. (pp.) garahita; apavutta; akkuṭṭha.

reproachful : (adj.) nindiya; gārayha.

reproachfully : (adv.) garahapubbakaṃ; sopavādaṃ.

reprobate : (adj.; n.) dhikkata; durācāra; pāpasamācāra. (v.t.) 1. assantuṭṭhiṃ pakāseti; 2. parivajjeti.

reprobation : (nt.) garaha; parivajjana.

reproduce : (v.t.) 1. abhinibbatteti; paṭijaneti; 2. puttikaṃ sampādeti. (pp.) abhinibbattita; paṭijanita; sampāditaputtika.

reproduction : (nt.) paṭijanana; abhinibbattāpana.

reproductive : (adv.) nibbattāpaka.

reproof : (nt.) santajjana; garahana. (f.) codanā.

reprove : (v.t.) 1. codeti; 2. niggaṇhāti; tajjeti. (pp.) codita; niggahita; tajjita.

reptant : (adj.) uraga; saṃsappamāna.

reptile : (adj.; n.) uraga; sappa; pannaga; pādūdara.

reptilian : (adj.) urogāmī.

republic : (nt.) janasammata-rajja; pajāpabhutta.

republican : (m.) pajāpabhuttavādī. (adj.) sammutirajjāyatta.

repudiate : (v.t.) nirākaroti; paccakkhāti. (pp.) nirākata; paccakkhāta.

repudiation : (nt.) nirākaraṇa; paccakkhāna; vivāhaviyojana.

repugn : (v.i.) virujjhati; appiyākārena; carati; vimukhīhoti. (pp.) virodha; virāga. (nt.) vimukhatta.

repugnant : (adj.) viruddha; viratta; vimukha.

repugnantly : (adv.) aruciyā; jigucchāya.

repulse : (v.t.) paccāvatteti; paṭihanati. (pp.) paccāvattita; paṭihata.

repulsion : (nt.) paccāvattana; paṭihaṇana; nissāraṇa.

repulsive : (adj.) 1. paccāvattaka; 2. appiya; jeguccha.

repulsiveness : (nt.) appiyatta; jegucchatta.

reputable : (adj.) 1. mānanīya; pasattha; 2. yasadāyaka; bahumānuppādaka.

reputation : (f.) kitti. (m.) yosoghosa.

repute : (v.t.) sambhāveti; sammāneti. (pp.) sambhāvita; sammānita.

reputed : (adj.) vissuta; abhiññāta; sambhāvita.

request : (f.) āyācanā; ajjhesanā; ākaṅkhā; apekkhā. (v.t.) āyācati; ajjhesati. (pp.) āyācita; ajjhesita.

requesting : (adj.) āyācamāna.

require : (v.t.) pattheti; apekkhati; ākaṅkhati. (pp.) patthita; apekkhita; akaṅkhita.

requirement : (f.) apekkhā; icchā. (nt.) icchita-vatthu or kāraṇa.

requisite : (nt.) parikkhāra; upakaraṇa; āvassakavatthu. (adj.) āvassaka.

requisition : (f.) apekkhā; ākaṅkhā; upakaraṇa-sampādanāya āṇā. (v.t.) 1. upakaraṇasampādanaṃ āṇāpeti; 2. rājakiccāya āṇāpeti. (pp.) rājakiccāya āṇāpita.

requital : (nt.) paṭidāna; nittharaṇa; vipākadāna. (f.) paṭikriyā.

requite : (v.t.) hāniṃ paṭipūreti; phalavasena deti.

rescind : (v.t.) balaṃ lopeti or hāpeti; abalīkaroti. (pp.) hāpitabala; abalīkata.

rescission : (nt.) balahapana.

rescue : (nt.) tāṇa; leṇa. (f.) mutti. (m.) mokkha. (v.t.) tāyati rakkhati; vimoceti. (pp.) tāyita; rakkhita; vimocita.

rescuer : (m.) tāyaka; mocaka.

research : (f.) anvesanā; gavesanā; magganā; vicāraṇā. (v.t.) upaparikkhati. (pp.) upaparikkhita.

researcher : (m.) anuvicāraka.

resemblance : (nt.) sadisatta; sarikkhatta.

resemble : (v.t.) samo or sadiso bhavati; sameti. (pp.) samībhūta; sadisībhūta; samita.

resembling : (adj.) sadisa; tulya; sannibha; saṅkāsa.

resent : (v.t.) appatīto hoti; anattamanataṃ pavedeti.

resentful : (adj.) anattamana; ujjhāyaka.

resentment : (nt.) appiyatta; asahana.

reservation : (nt.) 1. saṃrakkhaṇa; nidahana; 2. avisāradatta; līnatta.

reserve : (nt.) nidahana; nidahitavatthu. (v.t.) 1. gopeti; saṃrakkhati; 2. visuṃ karoti; 3. nidahati. (pp.) gopita; saṃrakkhita; visuṃ kata; nidahita.

reserved : (adj.) 1. visuṃkata; 2. saṃrakkhita; 3. mitabhāṇī; saṃvarayutta.

reservedly : (adv.) mitabhāṇitāya.

reservoir : (m.) jalāsaya. (f.) vāpī.

reset : (v.t.) 1. puna yojeti; 2. thenitabhaṇḍaṃ paṭiggaṇhāti.

resetter : (m.) thenitabhaṇḍapaṭiggāhī.

reside : (v.i.) vasati; āvasati; adhivasati; viharati; vāsaṃ kappeti. (pp.) vuttha; āvuttha; viharita; kappitavāsa.

residence : (nt.) nivesana; niketana; vāsaṭṭhāna.

resident : (adj.; n.) nivāsī; adhivāsī; nevāsika.

residential : (adj.) nivāsānucchavika; nevāsikāyatta.

residual : (adj.; m.) avasiṭṭha; avasesa; sesabhāga.

residue : (m.) avasiṭṭhabhāga.

residuum : (m.) avasiṭṭha-malādi.

resign : (v.t.) adhikāraṃ nissajati; pajahati or pariccajati; adhikārā apagacchati. (pp.) nissaṭṭhādhikāra; pajahita; pariccatta; adhikārapagata. (v.i.) vasaṃ yāti; adhivāseti. (pp.) vasaṃ yāta; adhivāsita.

resignated : (adj.) adhivāsaka.

resignation : (m.) adhikāracāga; vasaṅgamana. (f.) adhivāsanā.

resile : (v.i.) paṭikuñcati. (pp.) paṭikuñcita.

resilience : (nt.) paṭikuñcana; pacchato paṭikkamana.

resilient : (adj.) paṭikuñcaka.

resin : (m.) yakkhadhūpa. (v.t.) yakkhadhūpena ālepeti. (pp.) ālitta.

resinous : (adj.) yakkhadhūpagatika.

resipiscence : (nt.) dosapaṭiggahaṇa.

resipiscent : (adj.) dosapaṭiggāhī.

resist : (v.t.) paṭibāhati; bādheti; nivāreti. (pp.) paṭibāhita; bādhita; nivārita.

resistance : (nt.) bādhana; vāraṇa. (m.) virodha.

resistant : (adj.) paṭibāhaka; bādhaka.

resistibility : (nt.) paṭibāhanīyatta.

resistible : (adj.) paṭibāhiya; vāraṇīya.

resistless : (adj.) appaṭibāhiya.

resistlessly : (adv.) avāriyākārena.

resoluble : (adj.) bhāgaso karaṇīya.

resolute : (adj.) thirādhiṭṭhāna; daḷhanicchaya.

resolutely : (adv.) daḷhanicchayena.

resoluteness : (nt.) thirādhiṭṭhānatta.

resolution : (f.) dhiti; adhimutti; sabhāgatayojanā. (m.) adhimokkha. (nt.) sanniṭṭhāna.

resolve : (nt.) saniṭṭhāna. (m.) nicchaya. (v.i.) niccheti; adhiṭṭhāti. (v.t.) vilīyāpeti; viyojeti. (pp.) nicchita; adhiṭṭhita; vilīyāpita; viyojita.

resolved : (adj.) katanicchaya; thirādhiṭṭhāna.

resolvedly : (adv.) daḷhanicchayena.

resolvent : (adj.; nt.) visilesana (-bhesajja).

resonant : (adj.) upakūjita; saṅghuṭṭha.

resorption : (n.) punapariyādiyana.

resort : (v.i.) sevati; bhajati; nissayati. (v.t.) puna vaggīkaroti. (pp.) puna vaggīkata. (m.) nissaya; upāya. (nt.) niccasevitaṭṭhāna.

resound : (v.i.) abhinadati; upakūjati; paṭiravati. (v.t.) nādena pūreti. (pp.) abhinadita; upakūjita; paṭiravita; nādena pūrita.

resounding with : (adj.) saṅghuṭṭha.

resource : (m.) upāya; payoga. (m.; plu.) vibhava; āya. (nt.) nicitavatthu.

resourceful : (adj.) upāyakusala; vibhavasampanna.

resourceless : (adj.) anupāyakusala; avassayarahita.

respect : (m.) gārava; cittīkāra; nipaccakāra; bahumāna; sambandha. (f.) pūjā; apaciti; abhivādanā. (v.t.) garukaroti; māneti; pūjeti; apacāyati. (pp.) garukata; mānita; pūjita; apacita.

respectability : (nt.) pujjatta; mānanīyatta.

respectable : (adj.) garukātabba; mahanīya; mānanāraha; pūjanīya.

respectably : (adv.) pujjākārena; sabahumānaṃ.

respected : (adj.) sambhāvita; bahumata; sammānita.

respecter : (m.) abhivādaka; mānetu; sambhāvetu; pūjetu.

respectful : (adj.) sagārava; sādara; sappatissa.

respectfully : (adv.) sagāravaṃ; sabahumānaṃ; sādaraṃ.

respecting : (adv.) uddissa; sandhāya; apekkhiya.

respective : (adj.) yathāsaka; pacceka.

respectively : (adv.) yathāsakaṃ; paccekaṃ.

respiration : (nt.) sasana. (m.) assāsapassāsa.

respiratory : (adj.) sasanapaṭibaddha.

respire : (v.i.t.) sasati; assāsa-passāsaṃ karoti. (pp.) katassāsa-passāsa.

respite : (m.) virāma. (nt.) kālikanivattana. (v.t.) okāsaṃ deti; kālam apakaḍḍhati. (pp.) dinnokāsa; kālāpakaḍḍhita.

resplendence : (f.) pabhassaratā. (nt.) samujjalana.

resplendent : (adj.) jutimantu; jutindhara; samujjala; pabhassar.

resplendently : (adv.) uḷārobhāsena; abhikkantavaṇṇena.

respond : (v.i.) 1. paccuttaraṃ deti; 2. paṭissuṇāti; viditabhāvaṃ ñāpeti. (pp.) dinnapaccuttara; paṭissuta.

respondent : (m.) 1. cuditaka; 2. paṭivacanadāyī.

response : (nt.) paṭivacana; paccuttara.

responsibility : (f.) dhurandharatā; anuyuñjitabbatā.

responsible : (adj.) 1. dhuravāhī; 2. anuyuñjitabba; paṭivacanīya.

responsibly : (adv.) paṭivattabbākārena.

responsive : (adj.) 1. uttaradāyī; 2. vadaññū; sānukampī.

responsiveness : (nt.) uttaradāyakatta. (f.) vadaññutā; anukampitā.

rest : (m.) vissama; viveka; upasama; avasesakoṭṭhāsa; vuttāpara. (f.) santi; niddā; seyyā; kalakiriyā. (nt.) ādhāraka; atiritta. (v.i.) vissamati. (v.t.) vissāmeti; saṃveseti. (pp.) vissanta; vissāmita; saṃvesita. (v.i.) atiriccati. (pp.) atiritta.

rest against : apassayati.

rest house : (f.) vissāmasālā.

restaurant : (nt.) lahubhojanāgāra.

restful : (adj.) saviveka; upasanta.

resting on : nissita; patiṭṭhita.

resting place : (nt.) vissamanaṭṭhāna. (m.) nilaya.

restitution : (nt.) paṭidāna; hānipūraṇa.

restive : (adj.) avasa; avidheya; avupasanta.

restless : (adj.) 1. cañcala; vyākula; avupasanta; 2. uddāma.

restlessly : (adv.) vyākulākārena.

restlessness : (nt.) ākulatta; cañcalatta; asantatta.

restorable : (adj.) paṭisaṅkharaṇīya.

restoration : (nt.) phātikamma; paṭisaṅkharaṇa.

restorative : (adj.) balavaḍḍhaka. (nt.) vājīkaraṇosadha.

restore : (v.t.) 1. paṭidadāti; 2. paṭipākatikaṃ karoti. (pp.) paṭidinna; paṭipākatikaṃ kata.

restrain : (v.t.) avarodheti; sannirumbheti; orundhati; niggaṇhāti; saṃyameti. (pp.) avarodhita; sannirubhita; oruddha; niggahita; saṃyamita.

restrainable : (adj.) niggahetabba; paṭibāhiya.

restrainer : (m.) niggahetu; saṃyametu.

restrainint : (m.) niggaha; saṃyama; vinaya. (nt.) sannirumbhana.

restrict : (v.t.) paricchindati; sīmaṃ niyameti; mariyādaṃ ṭhapeti; paṭibāhati. (pp.) paricchinna; sīmaṃ niyamita; ṭhapitamariyāda; paṭibāhita.

restriction : (nt.) paricchindana; sīmāniyamana; paṭibāha.

restrictive : (adj.) sīmāniyāmaka; paṭibāhaka.

result : (m.) vipāka; nissanda; ānisaṃsa. (nt.) kammaphala. (v.i.) vipaccati; nipphajjati; samudāgacchati. (pp.) vipakka; nipphanna; samudāgata.

resultant : (nt.) phala. (adj.) paccayajāta; hetuja.

resulting in : vepakka; phaluppādaka.

resultless : (adj.) nipphala; niratthaka.

resume : (v.t.) punārabhati; punādāti. (pp.) punāraddha; punādinna. (m.) sārasaṅgaha.

resumption : (nt.) paccādāna; punārabhana.

resumptive : (adj.) paccādāyī; punārambhakara.

resupinate : (adj.) avaṃsira; vipallattha.

resurrect : (v.t.) matam uṭṭhāpeti; punarujjīveti. (pp.) matam uṭṭhāpita; punarujjīvita.

resurrection : (nt.) matakuṭṭhāpana; punarujjīvāpana.

resuscitate : see Resurrect.

ret : (v.t.) temanena muduṃ karoti. (pp.) temanena mudukata.

retail : (m.) appakavikkaya. (v.t.i.) appamattakaṃ vikkiṇāti.

retail merchant : (m.) khuddakavāṇija; appamattavibhajaka.

retain : (v.t.) suṭṭhu niveseti; āyattaṃ katvā ṭhapeti. (pp.) suṭṭhu nivesita; āyattaṃ katvā ṭhapita.

retainer : (m.) 1. nikkhipaka; 2. sevaka; bhacca; kiṅkara.

retaliate : (v.t.) 1. paṭikaroti; 2. veraṃ nīyāteti. (pp.) paṭikata; nīyātitavera.

retaliation : (nt.) paṭikaraṇa; veranīyātana.

retaliative : (adj.) veranīyātaka; paṭikaraṇasīla.

retard : see Obstruct.

retardation : (nt.) paṭibāhana; bādhana.

retardative : (adj.) paṭibāhaka.

retardment : (nt.) bādhana; paṭibāhana.

retention : (nt.) nivāraṇa; malabādhana. (f.) muttakicchā.

retentive : (adj.) 1. pavattāpaka; 2. appamussaka.

retentively : (adv.) pavattāpakavasena.

retentiveness : (nt.) pavattāpana; appamussana.

reticence : (f.) mitabbhāṇitā. (m.) tuṇhībhāva.

reticent : (adj.) appabhāṇī.

reticle : (nt.) sukhumajālaka.

reticulate : (v.t.) akkhikavasena vibhajati; jālasamaṃ karoti. (pp.) akkhikavasena vibhatta; jālasamaṃkata.

reticulation : (nt.) jalasadisakaraṇa; akkhivasena; vibhajana.

retiform : (adj.) jālākāra.

retina : (nt.) diṭṭhisirāpaṭala. (m.) cakkhuppasāda.

retinue : (m.) parivāra; parijana. (f.) parisā.

retire : (v.t.) (adhikārādito) apagacchati; apakkamati. (v.i.) paṭisallīyati. (pp.) apagata; apakkanta; paṭisallīna.

retirement : (m.) adhikāracāga. (nt.) apagamana; paṭisallīyana.

retiring : (adj.) pavivitta; vivekarata.

retiring hall : (f.) paṭikkamanasālā.

retort : (nt.) paṭivādāropaṇa. (m.) omasavāda. (v.t.) paṭivadati; paccāvatteti; omasati. (pp.) paṭivutta; paccāvattita; omaṭṭha.

retrace : (v.t.) paṭinivattati; paṭikkamati. (pp.) paṭinivattita; paṭikkanta.

retract : (v.t.) paṭisaṃharati; paccosakkati. (pp.) paṭisaṃhaṭa; paccosakkita.

retractable : (adj.) paṭisaṃharanīya.

retractility : (nt.) saṃharaṇīyatta.

retraction : (nt.) paṭīsaṃharaṇa.

retreat : (nt.) paccosakkana; apagamana; vijanaṭṭhāna. (v.i.t.) 1. paccosakkati; paṭinivattati; 2. paṭisallīyati. (pp.) paccosakkita; paṭinivattita; paṭisallīna.

retrench : (v.t.i.) apacināti; vyavacchindati; mandīkaroti. (pp.) apacita; vyavacchinna; mandīkata.

retrenchment : (m.) apacaya; mandīkarana.

retribute : (v.i.) pariṇāmati; pahlati; vipaccati. (pp.) pariṇata; pahalita; vipakka.

retribution : (m.) paṭidaṇḍa; vipāka. (nt.) paṭiphala.

retributive : (adj.) vipakadāyaka; paṭiphalajanaka.

retrieve : see Recover.

retroact : see React.

retroaction : (f.) paṭiviruddhakriyā.

retroactive : (adj.) paṭilomavattī.

retrocede : (v.i.) paccosakkati. (v.t.) (raṭṭhaṃ) paṭinīyādeti. (pp.) paccosakkita; paṭinīyādita.

retrocession : (nt.) 1. paṭinīyātana; 2. paccosakkana.

retroflected : (adj.) paccāvattita; parāvattita.

retrogradation : (nt.) paṭigamana; osakkana; olīyana.

retrograde : (adj.; n.) paṭigāmī; parihāyamāna; osakkamāna. (v.i.) paṭiyāti; paccāvattati; olīyati.

retrogress : (v.i.) paccāvattati; parāvattati; parihāyati. (pp.) paccāvattita; parāvattita; parihīna.

retrogression : (nt.) paccāvattana; parihāyana.

retrogressive : (adj.) paccāvattamāna; parihayamāna.

retroject : (v.t.) paccākhipati. (pp.) paccākhitta.

retrospect : (nt.) atītāvalokana.

retrospective : (adj.) atīlālocaka.

retroversion : (nt.) paccāvattana.

retrovert : (v.t.) paccāvatteti. (pp.) paccāvattita.

return : (nt.) paccāgamana; paṭinivattana; paṭinīyātana; phala. (m.) udaya. (v.i.) paṭinivattati; paccāgacchati. (v.t.) paccāharati; paṭinīyādeti. (pp.) paṭinivatta; paccāgata; paccāhaṭa; paṭinīyādita.

returnable : (adj.) paccāharaṇīya; paṭinīyādetabba.

returner : (m.) paccāgāmī.

reunion : (nt.) paṭisandhāna; punaghaṭana; punasamāgamana.

reunite : (v.t.) paṭisandhāneti; puna ghaṭeti. (pp.) paṭisandhānita; puna ghaṭita.

reveal : (v.t.) vivarati; pakāseti; āvīkaroti; (to the mind : ) paṭibhāti. (pp.) vivaṭa; pakāsita; āvīkata.

revealer : (m.) āvīkattu; pakāsetu.

revel : (v.i.t.) visayarasam anubhoti; pānussavaṃ pavatteti. (pp.) anubhūtavisayarasa; pavattitapānussava.

revelation : (nt.) āvīkaraṇa; vivaraṇa; pakāsana.

reveller : (m.) visayarasabhogī.

revelry : (m.) pānussava; surāchaṇa; pītussava.

revenge : (nt.) veranīyātana. (v.t.) veram appeti; paṭihiṃsati. (pp.) appitavera; paṭihiṃsita.

revengeful : (adj.) veranīyātaka.

revengefully : (adv.) veranīyā-tanavasena.

revengeless : (adj.) appaṭidubbhanaka.

revenue : (m.) rājabali; kara.

reverable : (adj.) mānanīya; garukātabba.

reverberate : (v.i.) paṭinadati. (v.t.) paṭirāveti. (pp.) paṭinadita; paṭirāvita.

reverberation : (m.) paṭirava; paṭighosa.

reverberative : (adj.) paṭiravaka; paṭinādaka.

reverberator : (m.) paccāvattakapadīpa.

revere : (v.t.) sammāneti; garukaroti; mahati; pūjeti; bahumāneti. (pp.) sammānita; garukata; mahita; pūjita; bahumata.

reverence : (m.) gārava; bahumāna. (f.) apaciti.

reverend : (adj.) pujja; gāravāraha; mānanīya.

reverend sir : (voc.) bhante.

reverent : (adj.) sādara; sagārava.

reverently : (adv.) sagāravaṃ; sabahumānaṃ.

reversal : (nt.) paccāvattana. (m.) vipallāsa.

reversible : (adj.) viparivattiya; aññathākaraṇīya.

reverse : (m.) paṭiloma; vipariyāya; pacchābhāga; piṭṭhipassa. (adj.) paccanika; paṭipakkha; viparīta. (v.t.) viparivatteti; 2. adhomukhīkaroti. (pp.) viparivatti; adhomukhīkata.

reversibly : (adv.) paṭilomato; vipariyāyena.

reversion : (nt.) viparivattana. (m.) vipallāsa.

revert : (v.i.t.) 1. punarāvattati; 2. punādhikāraṃ labhati. (pp.) punarāvattita; punaladdhādhikāra.

revertible : (adj.) paccāvattanīya; paṭiladdhabba.

review : (nt.) vivecana; guṇadosa-vicāraṇa; paccavekkhaṇa. (v.t.) viveceti; paccavekkhati.

reviewer : (m.) vivecaka; tattadassaka.

revile : (v.t.) akkosati; paribhāsati; garahati. (pp.) akkosita; paribhāsita; garahita.

reviler : (m.) akkosaka; garahī.

reviling : (f.) paribhāsanā; garahā. (m.) dhikkāra.

revisal : (f.) punavicāraṇā; parisodhanā.

revise : (v.t.) puna parikkhati or saṃsodheti. (pp.) puna parikkhita or saṃsodhita.

revision : (f.) punavicāraṇā; parisodhanā.

revisional : (adj.) punasodhanāyatta.

revisit : (v.t.) puna pāpuṇāti. (pp.) punapatta.

revival : (nt.) punarujjīvana. (f.) pakatibhāvappatti.

revive : (v.i.) punarujjīvati; atikkamitvā jīvati; pākatiko hoti. (v.t.) punarujjīveti; pākatikaṃ karoti. (pp.) punarujjīvita; pākatikabhūta; punarujjīvita; pākatikakata.

revivification : (nt.) navajīvadāna; samussāhana.

revivify : (v.t.) navajīvanaṃ pāpeti; samussāheti. (pp.) navajīvanapāpita; samussahita.

revocable : (adj.) paccakkhātabba; nisedhetabba.

revocation : (nt.) paccakkhāna; nisedhana; paṭikkhipana.

revoke : (v.t.) nisedheti; paṭisedheti. (pp.) nisedhita; paṭisedhita.

revolt : (m.) pajākhobha; rājavirodha; āṇātikama. (v.t.) 1. āṇam atikkamati; 2. paṭipakkhaṃ bhajati; dubbhati. (pp.) atikkantāṇa; bhajitapaṭipakkha; dubbhita. (v.i.) jigucchati; harāyati. (pp.) jigucchita; harāyita.

revolting : (adj.) bībhaccha; jeguccha.

revolution : (nt.) āvaṭṭana; vivaṭṭana. (m.) rajjavipallāsa.

revolutionary : (adj.) vipallāsakara; parivattanasīla.

revolutionise : (v.t.) samparivatteti; vipallāseti. (pp.) samparivattita; vipallāsita.

revolutionist : (m.) vipallāsavādī.

revolve : (v.t.) āvijjhati; bhamāpeti. (v.i.) sambhamati; paribbhamati; āvaṭṭati; parivitakketi. (pp.) āviddha; bhamāpita; sambhanta; āvaṭṭita; parivitakkita.

revolver : (f.) āvaṭṭaka-aggināḷī.

revulsion : (f.) jigucchā; arati. (m.) balavaviraha; cittavikkhepa.

revulsive : (adj.) virāgajanaka.

reward : (m.) puṇṇapatta; tuṭṭhidāya. (v.t.) tuṭṭhidāyaṃ or pāritosikaṃ deti; saphalīka roti. (pp.) dinnatuṭṭhidāya; saphalīkata.

rewardless : (adj.) viphala.

rewrite : (v.t.) puna likhati. (pp.) punakhita.

Rex : (m.) vattamāna-rāja.

reynard : (m.) sigāla; kotthu.

rhabdomancy : (nt.) yaṭṭhinā khaṇijagavesana.

rhapsode : (m.) itihāsagāyaka.

rhapsodical : (adj.) itihāsakabbāyatta; vīrakriyāsūcaka.

rhapsodize : (v.t.) itihāsagītaṃ likhati or gāyati.

rhapsody : (nt.) itihāsakabba; itihā-sarabhañña.

rhetoric : (nt.) alaṅkārasattha.

rhetoric figure : (m.) silesālaṅkāra.

rhetorical : (adj.) alaṅkārāyatta.

rhetorician : (n.) alaṅkārika.

rheumatic : (adj.) rattavātika; rattavātāyatta.

rheumatism : (m.) pabbavāta; rattavāta.

rhinal : (adj.) ghāṇāyatta.

rhinoceros : (m.) khaggavisāṇa; gaṇḍaka.

rhododendron : (m.) asokavisesa.

rhombi : (nt.) visamacaturassa.

rhombic : (adj.) visamacaturassākāra.

rhomboid : (nt.) dīgha-visama-caturassa.

rhyme : (f.) sandabbha; akkharasamatā; vacanasamatā. (m.) pajjabandha.

rhymer : (m.) sandabbharacaka.

rhythm : (m.) laya. (nt.) saddasamatta.

rhythmic : (adj.) layānugata.

rhythmical : (adj.) layānugata.

rhythmically : (adv.) layānukūlaṃ.

rib : (f.) phāsukā; phāsulikā. (nt.) vithambhakadāru. (m.) tulāsaṅghāṭa. (v.t.) phāsukā or tulā yojeti.

ribald : (adj.; n.) asabbha; gamma; asabbhavāca.

ribaldry : (f.) asabbhavācatā. (m.) asabbhavohāra.

ribbon : (m.) dukūlapaṭṭa.

rice : (m.) taṇḍula. (nt.) (plant : ) vīhisassa || boiled rice: (nt.) odana; bhatta.

rice gruel : (f.) yāgu.

rice milk : (m.) khīrapāyāsa.

rice powder : (nt.) kuṇḍaka.

rich : (adj.) 1. dhanavantu; mahābhoga; 2. mahaggha; mahāraha; 3. samiddha; aḍḍha; 4. bahuphalada; sāravantu; 5. paṇīta; ojavantu; 6. atisobhana; samujjala. (m.; plu.) vibhava. (nt.) vitta; dhana.

richly : (adv.) atisayena; sobhanākārena.

richness : (f.) aḍḍhatā; samiddhi; sassirīkatā.

Rick : (m.) puñja; rāsi; palālapuñja. (v.t.) puñje karoti. (pp.) puñjīkata.

rickets : (nt.) aṭṭhidubbalatta.

rickety : (adj.) sithilasandhika; sithilaṭṭhika.

rickshaw : (nt.) hatthavaṭṭakayāna.

rid : (v.t.) moceti; vimoceti; apaneti. (pp.) mocita; vimocita; apanīta.

riddance : (f.) mutti; vimutti. (m.) mokkha; pamokkha.

riddle : (f.) paheḷikā; dhaññacālikā. (v.t.) paheḷikaṃ katheti; cālaniyā sodheti or visuṃkaroti. (pp.) kathitapaheḷika; calaniyā sodhita or visuṃkata.

ride : (nt.) āruhitvā gamana. (v.t.) āruhati; samāruhati. (v.i.) assapiṭṭhiyā carati. (pp.) ārūḷha. samārūḷha; assapiṭṭhiyā carita.

rider : (m.) ārohaka; assārohī.

ridge : (m.) kaṭaka; ālavāla. (f.) pabbatapiṭṭhi; chadanapiṭṭhi; pabbatāvali. (v.t.) paddhatiyo or ālavāle sampādeti.

ridge-plate : (f.) sikharatulā.

ridge-pole : (f.) sikharatulā.

ridge-tile : (f.) sikkhariṭṭhikā.

ridicule : (m.) parihāsa; dava. (f.) uppaṇḍanā. (v.t.) avahasati; uppaṇḍeti. (pp.) avahasita; uppaṇḍita.

ridiculous : (adj.) upahasanīya; hāsajanaka.

ridiculously : (adv.) upahassākārena; hāsajanakatāya.

riding : (nt.) āruhana.

riding on : ārūḷha; piṭṭhigata; yānagata.

rife : (adj.) vitthiṇṇa; pahūta; pacura.

rifeness : (nt.) bāhulla; pacuratta.

riffraff : (m.) adhamajana.

rifle : (nt.) khuddaka-nāḷīyata. (v.t.) acchindati; vilumpati. (pp.) acchinna; vilutta.

rift : see Fissure.

rig : (m.) kūṭopaya; nāvārajjuādi. (f.) nikati. (v.t.) vañceti; kūṭopāyaṃ yojeti; nāvaṃ upakaraṇehi sajjeti (pp.) vañcita; yojita; upakaraṇehi sajjitanāva.

rigging : (f.) kūpakarajju.

right : (adj.) yathābhūta; avitatha; dhammika; dakkhiṇa; uju; niddosa. (f.) yutti. (m.) ñāya; dhamma; āyatta-bhāva; pariggaha; dakkhiṇapassa; adhikāra. (adv.) yathocitaṃ; sādhukaṃ. (intj.) bhaddhaṃ; sādhu. (v.t.) ujuṃ or niddosaṃ karoti; suppathaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) niddosīkata; suppathaṃ pāpita.

right angle : (m.) samakoṇa.

right-handed : (adj.) paricitadakkhiṇahattha.

righteous : (adj.) dhammika; dhammaṭṭha; anavajja.

righteously : (adv.) dhammikākārena.

righteousness : (nt.) dhammikatta; anavajjatta.

rightful : (adj.) ñāyānugata; nītyanukūla.

rightly : (adv.) yathātathaṃ; sammā; suṭṭhu.

rightly disposed : (adj.) sammāpaṭipanna.

rightness : (nt.) sammatta; niddosatta.

rightward : (adj.) dakkhiṇābhimukha.

rigid : (adj.) 1. daḷha; kaṭhina; 2. kakkasa; pharusa; thaddha-hadaya.

rigidity : (f.) anamyatā; thaddhatā; pharusatā.

rigmarole : (f.) asaṅgatakathā; attharahita-vācā.

rigour : (nt.) uggatta; kaṭhinatta; daḷhatta.

rigorous : (adj.) kaṭhora; ugga; asithila.

rigorously : (adv.) niṭṭhuraṃ; atidaḷhaṃ; gāḷhaṃ.

rile : (v.t.) pakopeti. (pp.) pakopita.

rill : (f.) kunnadī; mātikā.

rim : (f.) mukhavaṭṭi; (of a garment : ) dasā; (of a wheel : ) nemi. (m.) pariyanta.

rime : (nt.) tuhina. (m.) ussāva. (v.t.) tuhinena chādeti. (pp.) tuhinacchanna.

rimose : (adj.) chiddāvacchidda.

rimouse : (adj.) chiddāvacchidda.

rind : (m.) taca. (nt.) bāhirāvaraṇa. (v.t.) tacam apaneti. (pp.) apanīta-taca.

rinderpest : (m.) gomāraka-vyādhi.

ring : (nt.) valaya; cakka; maṇḍala; (for finger : ) aṅgulīyaka. (f.) aṅgulimuddā. (m.) rava; nāda; (of persons : ) pūga; gaṇa. (v.t.) nādeti; vādeti. (v.i.) 1. nadati; saddāyati; 2. valayākārena āvaṭṭati. (pp.) nādita; vādita; nadita; saddāyita; valayākārena āvaṭṭita.

ringent : (adj.) vivaṭamukha.

ringleader : (m.) kalahanāyaka.

ringlet : (f.) alakā; kesakuṇdali.

ringworm : (m.) kuṭṭhavisesa.

rinse : (nt.) vikkhālana; ācamana. (v.t.) vikkhāleti; ācameti. (pp.) vikkhālita; ācamita.

riot : (m.) janasaṅkhobha. (nt.) dāmarikakamma.

rioter : (m.) saṅkhobhī; dāmarika.

riotous : (adj.) khobhakārī; viplavakārī.

riotously : (adv.) viplavakāritāya; mahānādena.

riotousness : (f.) viplavakāritā.

rip : (m.) nibbhogassa; dhuttapuggala; jalopāta. (m.) vidāritaṭṭhāna. (v.t.) vidāreti; phāleti. (pp.) vidārita; phālita.

riparian : (adj.) nadīkūlanissita.

ripe : (adj.) pakka; pariṇata; siddha; sampanna. (v.t.) paripāceti. (v.i.) paripaccati. (pp.) paripācita; paripakka.

ripely : (adv.) paripakkākārena.

ripen : (v.i.) paccati; pariṇamati. (pp.) pācita; pariṇāmita.

ripeness : (nt.) pariṇatatta.

ripening : (adj.) paripācaka.

ripple : (f.) ūmi; vīci. (m.) khuddakataraṅga. (v.t.) ūmiyo uṭṭhāpeti. (v.i.) taraṅgāyati. (pp.) uṭṭhāpitūmika; taraṅgāyita.

rise : (m.) udaya; samudaya; uggama; samuggama; ubbhava; samubbhava. (nt.) uṭṭhāna; samuṭṭhāna. (f.) unnati; samunnati; abhivuddhi. (v.i.t.) udeti; samudeti; uṭṭhāti; samuṭṭhāti; uggacchati; ubbhavati; āruhati; vaḍḍhati. (pp.) udita; samudita; uṭṭhita; uggata; ubbhūta; ārūḷha; vaḍḍhita.

rise and fall : (m.) ydayabbaya.

rise up : abbhuggacchati; ajjhāruhati; (from a seat : ) uṭṭhāti; uṭṭhahati.

risibility : (f.) hāsajanakatā.

risible : (adj.) hāsetukāma.

rising : (nt.) uggamana. (f.) mukhapiḷakā. (m.) saṅkhobha.

risk : (m.) antarāya; sandeha. (f.) hāni. (v.t.) antarāyābhimukhī hoti or karoti. (pp.) antarāyābhimukhībhūta or kata.

risky : (adj.) sāsaṅka; sappaṭibhaya.

rite : (m.) pūjāvidhi; cārittaniyama.

ritual : (m.) pūjāniyama. (adj.) pūjānugata; cārittāyatta.

ritualism : (nt.) pūjāvidhi-anugamana.

ritualist : (m.) pūjānugāmī.

rival : (adj.; m.) paṭimalla; paṭipuggala; yugaggāhī. (v.t.) vijigiṃsati; yugaggāhī hoti; samataṃ yāti. (pp.) vijigiṃsita; yugaggāhī bhūta; samataṃ yāta.

rivalry : (f.) vijigiṃsā. (m.) yugaggāha. (nt.) paṭipuggalatta.

rivalship : (f.) vijigiṃsā. (m.) yugaggāha. (nt.) paṭipuggalatta.

rive : (v.t.) vidāreti; vipāṭeti. (v.i.) vidārīyati; phalati. (pp.) vidārita; vipāṭita; phalita.

river : (f.) nadī; savantī; gaṅgā; saritā; āpagā; ninnagā.

river-bank : (nt.) nadīkūla; nadītīra.

river-basin : (m.) gaṅgādhāra.

river-bed : (nt.) nadītala

river-god : (f.) nadīdevatā.

river-head : (m.) nadīpabhava.

river-month : (nt.) nadīmukha.

riverain : (adj.) gaṅgāsanna; gaṅgāyatta; nadītīravāsī.

rivet : (nt.) ayomayabandhana. (v.t.) lohakhīlena daḷhaṃ ghaṭeti. (pp.) lohakhīlena daḷhaṃ ghaṭita.

rivulet : (f.) kunnadī.

road : (m.) magga; pantha; patha, addhā. (nt.) añjasa; ayana; vaṭuma.

roadside : (nt.) maggapassa.

roam : (v.i.) pariyaṭati; pariyāhiṇḍati; anuvicarati.

roaming : (nt.) āhiṇḍana; pariyaṭana.

roar : (nt.) gajjana, thanita. (m.) nāda; unnāda. (v.i.t.) gajjati; nadati; thanayati. (pp.) gajjita; nadita; thanita.

roarer : (m.) gajjitu; naditu.

roaring : (f.) gajjanā. (m.) nāda. (adj.) gajjamāna.

roast : (v.t.) bhajjati. (pp.) bhajjita.

roasting : (nt.) bhajjana.

rob : (v.t.) coreti; theneti; vilumpati. (pp.) corita; thenita; vilumpita.

robber : (m.) cora; mosaka; thena.

robbery : (nt.) coriya; theyya. (f.) corikā.

robe : (nt.) pārupaṇa; cīvara. (v.t.) paridahati; pārupati; nivāseti. (pp.) paridahita; pāruta; nivattha.

roborant : (adj.) balavaḍḍhaka.

robot : (m.) yantamaya-purisa; yantasadisapuggala.

robust : (adj.) niroga; dehabalī.

robustness : (nt.) ārogya.

rock : (m.) sela; siluccaya; pāsāṇa. (nt.) kampana. (v.t.) dolāpayati; kampeti. (v.i.) dolāyati; calati. (pp.) dolāpayita; kampita; dolāyita; calita.

rock-crystal : (m.) kācopala.

rock-inscription : (f.) pāsāṇalekhā.

rock-pool : (f.) soṇḍī.

rock-salt : (m.) sindhava.

rocker : (m.) cālaka; kampaka.

rockeriness : (nt.) pāsāṇabahulatta.

rocket : (m.) aggibāṇa.

rocky : (adj.) pāsāṇabahula.

rod : (m.) daṇḍa. (f.) yaṭṭhi.

rodent : (adj.) ḍaṃsaka. (m.) ḍaṃsakapāṇī.

rodomontade : (m.) vikatthī. (adj.) vikatthanasīla.

rodomontader : (m.) vikatthī.

roe : (f.) 1. migī; harinī. (m.) migavisesa; macchaṇḍasaṅghāta.

roe buck : (m.) rohitamiga.

rogue : (m.) khala; dhutta; saṭha.

roguish : (adj.) nekatika; vañcaka.

roguery : (nt.) sāṭheyya; ketava. (f.) nikati.

roi : (m.) rāja.

roil : (v.t.) (telādiṃ) khobhetvā malinīkaroti.

role : (nt.) pāṭekka-kicca; āyattakamma.

roll : (f.) vaṭṭi; vaṭṭikā; nāmāvali. (v.i.) parivattati; paribbhamati; āvaṭṭīyati. (v.t.) parivatteti; paribbhameti; āvaṭṭeti. (pp.) parivattita; paribbhanta; paribbhamita; āvaṭṭita.

roll back : paṭivatteti.

roll over : vinivaṭṭeti.

rollable : (adj.) āvaṭṭanīya.

roller : (nt.) parivaṭṭaka; samīkaraṇayanta.

rollick : (f.) kīḷā. (m.) vinoda. (v.i.) sammodati; ramati. (pp.) sammodita; rata.

rollicking : (adj.) vinodappiya; kīḷālola.

rollicksome : (adj.) vinodappiya; kīḷālola.

romance : (f.) ākhyāyikā; kappitakathā.

romancer : (m.) ākayāyikā-sampādaka; musāvādī.

romantic : (adj.) abbhuta; pakappita; abbhutappiya.

romp : (f.) potaka-kīḷā. (m.) kīḷāpiyadāraka. (v.i.) vacchakīḷaṃ kīḷati.

rompy : (adj.) keḷipara.

roof : (nt.) chadana. (v.t.) chādeti; chadanaṃ māpeti. (pp.) chādita; māpita-chadana.

roofless : (adj.) viviattacchada; nicchadana; anātha.

rook : (m.) kāka; vāyasa; saṭha; vañcaka. (v.t.) sāṭheyyena (mūlaṃ) jināti. (pp.) sāṭheyyena jita.

rookery : (m.) 1. vāyasanivāsa; 2. dīnagharasamūha; 3. lomasa-macchāvāsa.

room : (m.) 1. gabbha; ovaraka; 2. okāsa.

roomily : (adv.) asambādhatāya.

roominess : (nt.) asambādhatta; visālatta.

roomy : (adj.) asambādha; visāla.

roost : (f.) vāsayaṭṭhi. (nt.) nilīyanaṭṭhāna. (v.i.) vāsamupeti; nilīyati. (pp.) vāsamupeta; nilīna.

rooster : (m.) kukkuṭa.

root : (nt.) mūla; kāraṇa; nidāna; (of a word : ) pakatirūpa; dhāturūpa. (m.) pāda; hetu. (v.t.) ropeti. (v.i.) mūlehi patiṭṭhāti; mūle vaḍḍheti. (pp.) ropita; mūlehi patiṭṭhita; vaḍḍhitamūla.

rope : (f.) rajju; naddhi; nandi. (nt.) yotta. (v.t.) rajjuyā bandhati.

rope-dancer : (m.) rajjunaṭaka.

rope-maker : (m.) rajjukāraka.

rope-yarn : (m.) rajjuvāka.

rosary : (f.) japamālā; akkhamālā.

rose : (nt.) japākusuma. (f.) sevantī.

rose apple : (nt.) jambuphala.

roseate : (adj.) pāṭalavaṇṇa.

rosette : (nt.) japākusumasaṇṭhāna-vatthu.

rosiness : (nt.) pāṭalatta. (m.) rattabhāva.

roster : (f.) yuddhasenāsu kiccasūci.

rostrum : (f.) kathikavedikā.

rosy : (adj.) pāṭala; setaratta.

rot : (m.) pūtibhāva. (nt.) jīraṇa. (v.i.) jīrati; pūtibhavati. (v.t.) jīrāpeti; pūtikaroti. (pp.) jiṇṇa; pūtibhūta; jīrāpita; pūtikata.

rotary : (adj.) paribbhamaṇaka.

rotary machine : (m.) muddāyantavisesa.

rotate : (v.i.) paribbhamati. (v.t.) paribbhameti. (pp.) paribbhanta; paribbhamita.

rotation : (nt.) paribbhamaṇa.

rotative : (adj.) paribbhamanasīla; paribbhamaka.

rotatory : (adj.) paribbhamanasīla; paribbhamaka.

rote : (m.) kevala-paricaya. (nt.) vācuggatakaraṇa.

rotten : (adj.) pūtika.

rotten egg : (nt.) puccaṇḍa.

rotter : (m.) niratthakapuggala.

rotund : (adj.) goḷākāra; maṇḍalākāra.

rotunda : (nt.) maṇḍalākāramandira.

rotundity : (n.) goḷatta.

rouge : (nt.) kuṅkumacuṇṇa. (m.) rattālepa.

rough : (adj.) kakkasa; pharusa; khara; kaṭhina; (in manners : ) asiṭṭha; avinīta; 3. saṅkhubita. (v.t.) kharaṃ or visamaṃ karoti. (adv.) pharusākārena; asampuṇṇatāya.

rough and ready : (adj.) asammā-sampādita; tāvakālika.

rough and tumble : (adj.) visama; uppaṭipāṭika. (m.) kalaha.

rough cast : (m.) kharālepa.

rough diamond : (m.) aporiya-sundarahadaya.

rough neck : (m.) caṇḍapuggala.

rough rider : (m.) assadamaka.

roughen : (v.t.) kakkasaṃ karoti. (v.i.) kakkasībhavati. (pp.) kakkasīkata; kakkasībhūta.

roughly : (adv.) pharusākārena; avisesena.

roughness : (nt.) 1. kharatta; lūkhatta; 2. niṭṭhuriya.

round : (nt.) maṇḍala. (m.) āvaṭṭa; vāra. (adj.) vaṭṭula; maṇḍalākāra; goḷākāra. (adv.) maṇḍalākārena. (prep.) abhito; parito; samantato. (v.t.) vaṭṭulaṃ or goḷākāraṃ karoti. (v.i.) vaṭṭūlībhavati. (pp.) vattulīkata; vaṭṭūlībhūta.

round about : (adj.) paritogāmī. (m.) caccarāvaṭṭa.

round about talk : (f.) pariyāyakathā.

round off : sammā niṭṭhāpeti.

round up : parito yāti.

roundish : (adj.) īsaṃvaṭṭula.

roundly : (adv.) suparipuṇṇaṃ; ujukam eva.

roundness : (nt.) vaṭṭulatta.

rouse : (m.) pānussava. (nt.) uttiṭṭhana; pabodhana; pabujjhana. (v.t.) uṭṭhāpeti; pabodheti; uttejeti. (v.i.) pabujjhati; uṭṭhāti; vijambhati. (pp.) uṭṭhāpita; pabodhita; uttejita; pabuddha; uṭṭhita; vijambhita.

rousing : (adj.) pabodhaka; uttejaka.

rout : (m.) kalahakārīgumba; vināsa; janasammadda; senābhaṅga. (nt.) viddhaṃsana. (v.t.) bhañjati; viddhaṃseti. (pp.) bhaṭṭha; viddhaṃsita.

route : (m.) gamanamagga; patha. (v.t.) gamanamaggaṃ niyameti || en route: antarāmagge.

routine : (f.) kiccapaṭipāṭi; kriyāpaddhati; niyamāvali; dinacariyā.

routinist : (m.) kiccapaṭipāṭi-yutta-puggala.

rove : see Roam.

rover : (m.) 1. pariyāhiṇḍaka; 2. samuddacora.

row : (f.) rāji; āvali; pāḷi; panti; seṇī. (m.) kalaha. (v.t.) 1. nāvaṃ pājeti; keṇiṃ pāteti; 2. kalahaṃ karoti. (pp.) pājitanāva; pātiakeṇī; katakalaha.

rowdism : (f.) kalahakāritā.

rowdy : (adj.; n.) kalahakārī; kalahappiya.

rower : (m.) 1. nāvika; kenipātī; 2. kalahakārī.

royal : (adj.) rājakīya; rājāyatta; rājāraha.

royal bed : (nt.) sirisayana.

royal bed-room : (m.) sirigabbha.

royal chariot : (m.) rājaratha.

royal concubine : (m.) rajorodha.

royal gift : (m.) rājadāya.

royal harem : (nt.) rājantepura.

royal pond : (f.) maṅgalapokkharaṇī.

royal power : (f.) rājiddhi. (nt.) rājabala. (m.) rājānubhāva.

royal seal : (m.) rājamuddā.

royalism : (f.) rājabhatti; rājapakkhikatā.

royalist : (m.) rājabhattika.

royally : (adv.) rājārahatāya.

royalty : (nt.) rājatta; rājakula; rājabali; ganthakattu-lābhaṃsa. (m.) rājavaṃsika.

rub : (nt.) ghaṃsana; ucchādana. (v.t.) parimaddati; sambāheti; ubbaṭṭeti; (in bathing : ) ucchādeti. (pp.) parimaddita; sambāhita; ubbaṭṭita; ucchādita.

rubber : (m.) ghaṃsaka; parimajjaka. (nt.) (substance : ) puñchakavatthu. (m.) niyyāsavisesa. (v.t.) niyyāsena āvarati. (pp.) niyyāsena āvuta.

rubbish : (m.) kacavara; kasambu; saṅkāra.

rubbish heap : (nt.) saṅkārakūṭa.

rubbishy : (adj.) asāra; tuccha.

rubble : (m.) khaṇḍita-pāsāṇa; asmakhaṇḍarāsi.

rubefaction : (nt.) rattavaṇṇāpādana.

rubefy : (v.t.) rattavaṇṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) rattavaṇṇīkata.

rubicelle : (m.) padumarāgamaṇī.

rubicund : (adj.) lohitavaṇṇa.

rubicundity : (f.) rattavaṇṇatā.

rubify : (v.t.) rattavaṇṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) rattavaṇṇīkata.

rubious : (adj.) lohitaṅkavaṇṇa.

rubric : (m.) visesita-mātikāpāṭha.

rubricate : (v.t.) rattavaṇṇena aṅketi.

rubrication : (nt.) rattavaṇṇaṅkana.

ruby : (m.) lohitaṅka; rattamaṇi. (adj.) rattavaṇṇī. (v.t.) rattavaṇṇīkaroti. (pp.) rattavaṇṇīkata.

ruck : (f.) vali. (m.) samudāya; sañcaya.

ruck-sack : (m.) piṭṭhipasibbaka.

ruckle : (m.) maraṇāsannassa galanāda. (v.i.) ghurughurāyati.

ruction : (m.) kalakala.

rudder : (m.) kenipāta. (nt.) kaṇṇa.

ruddy : (adj.) aruṇavaṇṇa; rattavaṇṇa. (v.t.) rattaṃ karoti.

ruddy goose : (m.) cakkavāka.

rude : (adj.) avinīta; asabbha; anipuṇa; adakkha.

rudely : (adv.) avinītākārena; visamākārena.

rudeness : (nt.) avinītatta; kakkasatta.

rudiment : (nt.) mūlavatthu; mūlikaṅga. (f.) mūlikasikkhā.

rudimental : (adj.) mūlikabhūta.

rudimentary : (adj.) mūlikabhūta.

rue : (m.) anutāpa; upāyāsa. (v.t.) anutappati; anusocati.

rueful : (adj.) sokātura.

ruefully : (adv.) sasokaṃ.

ruffian : (m.) sāhasika; kakkhaḷa; duṭṭhapakatika.

ruffianage : (nt.) caṇḍikka; kurūrakamma.

ruffianism : (nt.) caṇḍikka; kurūrakamma.

ruffianly : (adj.) caṇḍapakatika.

ruffle : (m.) saṅkoca; saṅkhobha. (nt.) ākuñcana. (f.) kuñcitadasā. (v.t.) 1. saṅkoceti; ākuñceti; 2. saṅkhobheti; vikopeti. (pp.) saṅkocita; ākuñcita; saṅkhobhita; vikopita.

rug : (nt.) ghanattharaṇa. (m.) santhara.

rugged : (adj.) visama; kakkasa; pāsāṇākiṇṇa.

rugged land : (m.) jaṅgaladesa.

ruggedly : (adv.) visamākārena.

ruggedness : (nt.) vesamma; kakkasatta.

ruin : (m.) nāsa; vināsa. (nt.) vyasana. (f.) parihāni. (v.t.) vināseti; viddhaṃseti; ucchindati. (pp.) vināsita; viddhaṃsita; ucchinna.

ruination : (nt.) viddhaṃsana.

ruinous : (adj.) vināsakara; viddhaṃsaka.

ruinously : (adv.) nāsakaratāya.

ruins : (nt.; plu.) naṭṭhāvasiṭṭhavatthūni.

rule : (f.) nīti; paññatti. (m.) niyama; lekhādaṇḍa. (nt.) pālana; sāsana; pabhutta; ādhipacca. (v.t.) 1. sāsati; pāleti; 2. niyameti; āṇāpeti; 3. ujurekhāhi aṅketi. (pp.) sāsita; pālita; niyamita; āṇāpita; ujurekhāhi aṅkita.

ruler : (m.) pālaka; sāsitu; ujurekhaka.

ruling : (adj.) 1. pālayamāna; 2. pavattamāna. (m.) nicchaya; niṇṇaya.

rum : (nt.) meraya.

rumble : (v.i.) sanikaṃ gajjati. (pp.) sanikaṃ gajjita.

rumbling : (f.) mandagajjanā. (nt.) thanita.

rumbustious : (adj.) ghosanasīla; ugghosaka.

ruminant : (adj.; m.) romanthaka.

ruminate : (v.t.i.) 1. romanthati; 2. anuvitakketi. (pp.) romanthita; anuvitakkita.

rumination : (nt.) 1. romanthana; 2. jhāyana.

ruminator : (m.) 1. romanthī; 2. jhāyī.

rummage : (f.) suṭṭhuparikkhanā. (v.t.) suṭṭhu upaparikkhati. (pp.) suṭṭhu upaparikkhita.

rummy : (adj.) 1. vikaṭa; virūpa; 2. bhayānaka.

rumour : (m.) janappavāda; vuttanta. (f.) pavatti.

rump : (nt.) nisadamaṃsa.

rumpus : (nt.) kalaha. (nt.) ugghosana.

run : (nt.) dhāvana; javana. (f.) gati; pavatti. (v.i.t.) 1. dhāvati; sandhāvati; javati; 2. sandati; savati.

run about : paridhāvati.

run after : anudhāvati.

run against : abhidhāvati.

run away : palāyati.

run back to : paṭidhāvati.

run forth : padhāvati.

run into : āpajjati.

runagate : (m.) vaṇibbaka.

rung : (nt.) sopāṇaphalaka.

runlet : (f.) kunnadī; mātikā.

runnel : (f.) kunnadī; mātikā.

runner : (n.) dhāvaka; javamāna. (m.) dhāvaka; sandesahara; pavattāpaka; daṇḍāropita-valaya.

running : (nt.) dhāvana.

running off : apadhāvati.

running over : ottharati.

running round : ādhāvati.

running up : (adj.) ujjavanta.

running up to : upadhāvati.

rupee : (nt.) rūpiya.

rupture : (m.) bheda. (nt.) phulla; antavuddhi. (v.t.) bhañjati; vidāḷeti. (v.i.) bhijjati; vidārīyati. (pp.) bhañjita; vidāḷita; bhaṭṭha; vidārita.

rural : (adj.) gāmika; jānapadika.

ruralise : (v.i.) paccantavāsaṃ gaṇhāti. (v.t.) paccantavohāraṃ pāpeti. (pp.) gahitapaccantavāsa; pāpitapaccantavohāra.

ruralism : (m.) paccantavohāra. (f.) paccantavāsitā.

ruralist : (m.) paccantavāsī.

ruse : (m.) upāya; kūṭopāya. (adj.) nekatika.

rush : (nt.) pakkhandana. (m.) abhinipāta. (v.t.i.) pakkhandati; sahasā pavisati. (pp.) pakkhandita; sahasā paviṭṭha.

rush of a crowd : (m.) sammadda.

rush on : abhinipatati.

rushlight : (m.) ukkāloka; mandāloka.

rust : (nt.) lohamala. (v.i.) malaṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) malaggahita.

rust eaten : (adj.) malāvutta; malakhādita.

rustic : (adj.; m.) janapadika.

rusticate : (v.i.) janapade vasati. (v.t.) 1. daṇḍanavasena (vijjālayato) nikkhāmeti; 2. kharalepaṃ yojeti. (pp.) nikkhāmita; kharalepaṃ yojita.

rustiness : (m.) malaggahitabhāva.

rustle : (nt.) saṭasaṭāyana. (v.i.) saṭasaṭāyati. (pp.) saṭasaṭāyita.

rusty : (adj.) malayutta; malacchanna.

rut : (m.) cakkapatha; migamada. (nt.) madajala. (v.t.) cakkacchinnaṃ karoti. (v.i.) rāgaratto hoti. (pp.) cakkacchinnaṃ kata; rāgaratta.

Ruth : (f.) dayā; anukampā.

ruthless : (adj.) niddaya.

ruthlessly : (adv.) niddayākārena.

rutish : (adj.) madamatta.

rutted : (adj.) madamatta.

rutty : (adj.) cakkacchinna.

rye : (m.) dhaññavisesa.

ryot : (m.) kassaka; khettājīva.

-ooOoo-
A     B     C     D     E     F
G     H     I     J     K     L
M     N     O     P     Q     R
S     T     U     V     W     X,Y,Z

Contents | Top of Page

Pali-Viet Dictionary | Pali-English Dictionary | English Index
last updated: 25-05-2003


//----------------------------------------------------------


Main Page

Using Unicode VU-Times font




English-Pali Dictionary
by Metta Net, Sri Lanka





- S -

Sabbath : (m.) uposatha; vissamanadivasa.

sabbatic : (adj.) uposathāyatta

sabbatize : (v.i.) uposatham upavasati. (pp.) upovutthuposatha.

sable : (m.; adj.) himanakula; kāḷa; kanka; meccaka.

sabot : (f.) kaṭṭapādukā.

sabotage : (n.) hānikarakriya.

sabre : (m.) neṭṭiṃsa.

sabreur : (m.) khaggadhara-assāroha.

sabulous : (adj.) vālukābahula.

sac : (f.) pasibbakākāra-maṅsapesi.

sacalawag : (m.) virūpanīcapuggala.

saccharine : (f.) aṅgārika-sakharā. (adj.) madhura.

sacerdocy : (m.) sāmayikapūjāvidhi

sacerdotal : (adj.) samanāyatta.

saciform : (adj.) passibbakākāra.

sack : (m.) pasibbaka. (f.) sāṇapuṭolī. (nt.) vilupana; acchindana. (v.t.) 1. vilumpati; gāmaghātaṃ karoti; 2. pasibbake pakkhipati; 3. adhikārā cāveti. (pp.) vilutta; gāmaghātaṃ kata; pasibbake pakkhitta; adhikārā cāvita.

sackage : (m.) gāmaghāta.

sackcloth : (nt.) sāṇavattha.

sackful : (nt.) pasibbakapūraṇappamāṇa.

sackless : (adj.) ahiṃsaka; niraparādha.

sacrament : (nt.) parittāṅa. (f.) sāmayika-pārisuddhi.

sacramental : (adj.) parittāṅāyatta.

sacred : (adj.) mahanīya; pūjanīya; parisuddha.

sacred-place : (nt.) puññatitha; pujjaṭṭhāna.

sacred-spot : (nt.) puññatitha; pujjaṭṭhāna.

sacred-writing : (f.) dhammalipi.

sacredly : (adv.) pujjākārena.

sacredness : (nt.) mahanīyatta

sacrifice : (m.) yāga; yañña. (f.) āhuti. (nt.) juhana. (v.t.) 1. yajati; havati; 2. pariccajati. (pp.) yiṭṭha; huta; pariccatta.

sacrificer : (m.) yajitu; yājaka.

sacrificial : (adj.) yāgāyatta.

sacrificial-ladle : (f.) sujī.

sacrificial-pit : (m.) yaññāvāṭa

sacrificial-post : (m.) yūpa. (f.) thūṇā.

sacrificialgrass : (m.) kusa. (nt.) barihisa.

sacrilege : (nt.) pujjaṭṭānadūsana.

sacrilist : (m.) suddhaṭṭhānadūsaka.

sacrosanct : (adj.) anatikkamiya; avajiha; abādhiya.

sacrosanctity : (nt.) atisuddhatta.

sad : (adj.) 1. dummana; dukkhita; apptīta; sokaṭṭa; 2. socanīya; dukkhāvaha.

sadden : (v.t.) khedeti; sokaṭṭaṃ karoti. (pp.) khedita; sokaṭṭaṃ kata.

saddle : (f.) assakacchā. (v.t.) kacchaṃ yojeti. (pp.) yojitakaccha.

sadly : (adv.) sakhedaṃ; sasokaṃ.

sadness : (nt.) domanassa. (m.) soka; visāda; ubbega.

safe : (f.) lohapelā. (adj.) khema; siva; abhaya.

safe from every quarter : (adj.) akutobhaya.

safe-conduct : (nt.) abhayasāsana. (f.) gamanārakkhā.

safe-guard : (f.) gutti; ārakkhā. (v.t.) paripāleti.

safely : (adv.) nirupaddavākārena.

safety : (f.) gutti; ārakkhā; (nt.) khema.

safflower : (m.) kusumbha.

saffron : (nt.) kuṅkuma. (adj.) kuṅkumavaṇṇa; aruṇavaṇṇa. (v.t.) kuṅkumavaṇṇena rañjeti. (pp.) rañjita; kuṅkumaratta.

sag : (v.i.) bhārena onamati or olambati. (pp.) bhāronata; olambita.

sagacious : (adj.) catura; tikhiṇapaṭibhāna; vicakkana.

sagaciously : (adv.) sunipuṇaṃ; sukhumabuddhiyā.

sageness : (nt.) paṇḍicca; bāhusacca.

Sagittarius : (m.) dhanurāsi.

sago : (m.) tālapiṭṭhavisesa.

sail : (n.) lakāra. (v.i.) udake javati. (v.t.) udakaṃ tarati; navāya yāti. (pp.) udakejavita; tiṇṇodaka; nāvāyata.

sail downstream : (v.) ojavati.

sail upstream : (v.) ujjavati

sailer : (f.) nāvā.

sailor : (m.) nāvika.

saint : (m.) arahanta; khīṇāsava; visuddhapuggala.

sainthood : (nt.) visuddhatta; arahatta.

saintly : (adj.) viraja; nikkilesa; vūpassanta.

sake : (nt.) nimitta; kāraṇa. (m.) hetu.

sal : (m.) sāla; sālavana.

sal-grove : (nt.) sālavana.

salaam : (m.) sādarācāra. (v.i.t.) 1. sādarācāraṃ pavatteti; 2. sīsena paṇamati. (pp.) pavatitasādarācaraṃ; sīsena paṇamita.

salacious : (adj.) kāmuka; kāmāsatta.

salaciouscity : (nt.) kāmukatta.

salaciously : (adv.) kāmukatāya.

salad : (m.) sālava. (nt.) āmakasākavyañjana.

salamander : (m.) 1.aggijīvī; 2.tejosahaka; 3.jalagodhāvisesa.

salary : (n.) māsikavetana. (v.t.) vetanaṃ deti. (pp.) dinnavetana.

sale : (m.) vikkaya.

saleable : (adj.) vikkeya; vikkiṇeyya.

saleprice : (nt.) vikkeyyamūla.

salesman : (m.) vikketu; vikkayika.

salience : (nt.) 1. mukhayatta; 2. phandamānatta.

saliency : (nt.) 1. mukhayatta; 2. phandamānatta.

salient : (adj.) 1. mukhya; padhāna; 2. plavaṅgama; 3. phandamāna.

saliferous : (adj.) khārabahula.

saline : (m.) khārodakubbhida. (adj.) khārika; loṇika; ūsara.

salinity : (nt.) khāratta; ūsaratta.

salinometer : (nt.) khāramāṇakayanta.

saliva : (f.) lālā; eḷā. (m.) khela.

salivant : (adj.) lālājanaka.

salivate : (v.t.) lālaṃ janeti or paggharapeti. (pp.) janitaalāla; paggharāpita.

salivation : (nt.) lālapaggharāpana.

sallow : (adj.) paṇḍuvaṇṇa.

sallowness : (f.) paṇḍuvaṇṇatā.

sally : (nt.) sahasā pakkhandana. (m.) nammālāpa (v.i.) pakkhandati; sahasā niggacchati. (pp.) pakkhanta; sahasā niggata.

saloon : (f.) sālā. (m.) mahagabbha.

salt : (nt.) lavaṇa; loṇa. (v.t.) loṇaṃ yojeti; loṇena saṃyojeti. (adj.) loṇika; khārayutta.

salt-maker : (m.) loṇakāra.

salt-pan : (f.) loṇī. (m.) loṇakara.

saltant : (adj.) uppatanaka; laṅghamāna.

saltation : (nt.) naccana; uppatana.

salted-fish : (m.) loṇamaccha.

saltern : (nt.) loṇasampādakaṭṭhāna.

saltish : (adj.) īsaṃloṇika.

saltless : (adj.) aloṇaka.

saltpetre : (nt.) yavakhāraloṇa.

saltwater : (nt.) khārodaka.

salty : (adj.) loṇayutta.

salubrious : (adj.) sappāya; sukhadāyaka; arogakara.

salubriously : (adv.) sappāyākārena.

salubrity : (f.) sappāyatā; sukhadāyakatā.

salutary : (adj.) hitakara; atthāvaha; sukhadāyī.

salutation : (m.) sādrācāra; paṇāma. (nt.) garukaraṇa.

salutatory : (adj.) ācārasīlī; sammodka; sagārava.

salute : (m.) sādarācāra; paṇāma; (v.t.) garukaroti; sādarācāraṃ pavatteti; sādarena paṭiggaṇhāti. (pp.) garukata; sādarena paṭiggahita.

salvage : (nt.) 1.vināsato; uddharaṇa; 2. naṭṭhanāvāto uddhaṭabhaṇda. (m.) bhaṇḍarakkhaṇasuṅka.

salvation : (m.) mokkha. (f.) mutti. (nt.) niyyāna; samuddhaṇa; saṃrakkhaṇa.

salve : (nt.) vilepana; añjana. (v.t.) 1. añjati; 2. vināsato mocati. (pp.) añjita; vināsato mocita.

salver : (nt.) lohataṭṭaka.

salvo : (nt.) gāravācāra-thanita.

Samaritan : (m.) cārasilīlīpuggala; (adj.) samariyadesīya.

same : (adj.) anañña; nibbisesa; samāna; abhinna.

sameness : (nt.) anaññatta; ahinnatta,

sample : (nt.) paṭirupa; samanavatthu; (f.) ākati; (v.t.) ākatiṃdeti or gaṇhāti. (pp.) dinnākatika; gahitākatika.

sampler : (nt.) ākatidassakavatthu.

sanative : (adj.) ātaṅkahārī; sappāyabhūta.

sanatorium : (f.) sappāyasālā; (nt.) sukhavaḍḍhakaṭṭhāna.

sanctification : (nt.) visodhana; pāpanāsana.

sanctify : (v.t.) pavittīkaroti; suddhattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) pavittīkata; sudhattaṃ pāpita.

sanctifying : (adj.) visodhaka.

sanctimonious : (adj.) kuhakavuttika.

sanctimoniously : (adv.) kahaññena; kuhakatāya.

sanctimony : (nt.) kohañña.

sanction : (f.) anumati; anuññā; (v.t.) anujānati; anumaññati. (pp.) anuññāta; anumata.

sanctitude : (f.) visuddhi; (nt.) nimmalatta.

sanctity : (f.) visuddhi; (nt.) nimmalatta.

sanctuary : (f.) puññabhūmi; (nt.) pujjaṭṭahāna; abhayaṭṭhāna.

sanctum : (nt.) 1. suddhaṭṭhāna; 2.vivittaṭṭhāna.

sand : (nt.) pulina; (f.) vālikā; vālukā; sikatā; vaṇṇu. (v.t.) vālikaṃ okirati. (pp.) valikokiṇṇa.

sand-dune : (m.) vātāgatavālukārasi.

sandal : (nt.) 1. (wood : ) canda; (m.) gandhasāra; (m.; nt.) (foot-ware : ) upāhana; (f.) pādukā.

sandbed : (nt.) vālukātala.

sandflea : (m.) uppātakapāṇī.

sandglass : (f.) pulinaghaṭikā.

sandiness : (nt.) sikatābahulatta.

sandstorm : (nt.) pulinavassa.

sandwich : (nt.) antarita-khādanīya; (v.t.) antare pakkhipati. (pp.) antare pakkhitta.

sandy : (adj.) pulinabahula; valukāmaya.

sandy track : (m.) vaṇṇupatha.

sandy waste : (m.) marukantāra.

sane : (adj.) pakaticitta; anummatta; niramaya.

saness : (f.) 1. pakaticittatā; 2. nirāmayatā.

sangfroid : (f.) akampyatā; dhiti.

sanguification : (nt.) rudhirattapāpana; rudhirajanana.

sanguify : (v.t.) rudhirattaṇ; papeti. (pp.) rudhirattaṃ papita.

sanguinary : (adj.) lohitapāṇī; niṭṭhuracitta.

sanguine : (adj.) 1. lohitavaṇṇa; 2.dhitimantu; 3.sundarattāpekkhī.

sanguinely : (adv.) sāpekkhaṃ; sākaṅkhaṃ.

sanguineous : (adj.) rudhirādhika; rattavaṇṇa.

sanguinivorous : (adj.) lohitabhakkha.

sanify : (v.t.) ārogyaṃ; vaḍḍheti. (pp.) vaḍḍhitārogya.

sanitarily : (adv.) rogaharaṇākārena.

sanitarinees : (nt.) ārogyakaratta.

sanitary : (adj.) ārogyakara.

sanitation : (nt.) rogāvaraṇa; ārogyarakkhaṇa.

sanity : (f.) 1. pakaticittatā; 2. nirāmayatā.

sap : (f.) oja; (m.) yūsa; rasa; sāra. (v.t.) 1. yūsaṃ apaharati; 2. viriyaṃ khepeti; 3. ummaggaṃ khaṇati; 4. mūlaṃ khaṇati; (v.i.) sāyāsaṃ uggaṇhāti. (pp.) apahaṭayūsa; khepitaviriya; khatummagga; khatamūla; sāyāsaṃ uggahita.

sapan-wood : (nt.) pattaṅgadāru.

sapdity : (nt.) madhrojatta.

sapful : (adj.) ojavantu.

sapid : (adj.) madhuroja; sādurasa.

sapience : (m.) paṇditamāna.

sapient : (adj.) paṇitamānī.

sapiently : (adv.) paṇḍitamānitāya.

sapless : (adj.) ojārahita.

sapling : (m.) rukkhapotaka.

sapodilla : (nt.) sakkharāphala.

sapphire : (m.) indanīla.

sapphirine : (adj.) nīlamaṇisadisa.

sarcasm : (m.) omasavāda.

sarcast : (m.) omasavādī.

sarcastic : (adj.) omasavādī; omasaka.

sarcastically : (adv.) omasanākārena; sopārambhaṃ.

sarcology : (f.) maṃsavijjā.

sarcoma : (m.) maṃsagaṇṭhi.

sarcophagus : (nt.) silāmaya-chavādhāna.

sardonic : (adj.) niggahasūcaka; sopārambha.

sardonically : (adv.) upahāsapubbakaṃ.

sarsaparilla : (f.) sāribālatā.

sartorial : (adj.) tuṇṇakammāyatta.

sash : (nt.) kaṭibandhana; kaṭisutta.

Satan : (m.) pāpimantu; māra.

satanice : (adj.) pāpiṭṭha; mārāyatta.

Satanism : (nt.) atiluddatta; kakkhalatta.

satchel : (m.) (dārakānaṃ) potthaka-pasibbaka.

sate : (v.t.) santappeti. (pp.) santappita.

satellite : (m.) 1. upagaha; 2. anucara; anuyāyī.

satiate : (v.t.) pīṇeti; santappeti. (pp.) pīṇita; santappita. (adj.) santappita; titta; tittipatta.

satiated : (adj.) suhita; dhāta.

satiation : (f.) titti; (m.) pīṇitabhāva.

satiety : (f.) titti; (m.) pīṇitabhāva.

satin : (nt.) cīnapaṭṭa; (v.t.) siniddhaṃ karoti.

satiny : (adj.) atisiniddha.

satire : (m.) upārambha-gabbhakapabandha.

satirical : (adj.) ākkhepapubbaka.

satirise : (v.t.) ākkhepayuttaṃ likhati.

satirist : (m.) ākkhepavādī.

satisfaction : (f.) tuṭṭhi; titti; abhirati; (m.) assāda; (nt.) kaṅkhāvinodana.

satisfactory : (adj.) 1. samattha; pariyatta; tittikara; 2. kaṅkhānuda.

satisfiable : (adj.) sukhasantappiya.

satisfied : (adj.) nicchāta; abhiraddha; santuṭṭha.

satisfier : (m.) santappetu.

satisfy : (v.t.) 1.santappeti; sampīṇeti; toseti. 2.saṃsayam apaneti; (v.i.) santussati. (pp.) santappita; sampīṇita; tosita; apanītasaṃsaya; santuṭṭha.

satisfying : (adj.) 1. santappaka; 2. saṃsayacchedaka.

satrap : (m.) maṇḍalissara.

satrapy : (nt.) rajjamaṇḍala.

satuenian : (adj.) ravisutāyatta; (m.) ravisutalokavāsī.

saturate : (v.t.) accantaṃ pūreti or sedeti; suṭṭhu temeti. (pp.) accantaṃ pūrita; suṭṭhu temita.

saturation : (nt.) 1. suṭṭhutemana; 2. atipūrana.

Saturday : (m.) sanivāra.

Saturn : (m.) ravisuta.

saturnine : (adj.) dandha; manda; nirīha.

satyr : (f.) ajarūpadevatā; (m.) kāmukapuggala.

satyriasis : (f.) kāmamucchā.

sauce : (nt.) 1. (yūsabahula-) vyañjana. (nt.) avinītatta; pāgabbhiya. (v.t.) 1. rasakena yojeti; 2. pāgabbhiyena vattati.

sauce-pan : (f.) rasakathālī.

sauceless : (adj.) yūsavirahita.

saucer : (m.) rasakādhāra; sarāva.

saucily : (adv.) avinītakārena.

sauciness : (f.) nillajjatā.

saucy : (adj.) avinīta; nillajja.

saunter : (nt.) mantharagamana; (v.t.) vilambanto yāti.

sausage : (m.) maṃsavaṭṭikāvisesa.

savage : (m.) vanacārī; asiṭṭhajana; (nt.) kakkhalakamma. (adj.) 1. vanacara; asiṭṭhācāra; 2. vāḷa; dāruṇa

savagely : (adv.) asiṭṭhākārena; kakkhalatāya.

savageness : (nt.) asiṭṭhatta; dāruṇatta.

savagery : (nt.) dāruṇakamma.

savant : (n.) bahussuta; mahāpañña.

save : (v.t.) pamoceti; ullumpati; uttāreti; samuddharati. (pp.) pamocita; ullumpita; uttārita; samuddhaṭa. (v.i.) dhanaṃ samāharati or saṃrakkhati. (pp.) samāhaṭadhana. (prep.) vihāya; vjjetvā; muñcitvā.

saver : (m.) tāyaka; pamocaka.

saving : (nt.) rakkhitadhana. (adj.) saṃrakkhaka.

savingly : (adv.) mitabbayena.

saviour : (m.) pamocaka; santāraka; mokkhadāyaka.

savour : (m.) assāda; sādurasa; sugandha.

savouriness : (nt.) surasatta; sugandhatta.

savourless : (adj.) nirasa; niggandha.

savoury : (adj.) surasa; rucikara.

saw : (m.) kakaca; (v.t.) kakacena chindati. (pp.) kakacena chinna.

saw-dust : (nt.) kakacacuṇṇa.

saw-pit : (m.) okantanāvāṭa.

saw-teeth : (m.) kakacadanta.

sawyer : (m.) kantaka; kakacagāhi.

say : (v.t.) vadati; bhāsati; katheti; udīreti; brūti. (pp.) vutta; bhāsita; kathita; udīrita.

saying : (nt.) bhāsana; kathana; vacana; vākya. (f.) utti; vācā; kathā || popular saying: (m.) janappavāda.

scab : (m.) 1. vaṇakapāla; 2. kacchuvisesa; 3. adhamajana.

scabbard : (m.) (khaggādi-) kosa; (f.) kosī.

scabby : (adj.) kacchuyutta.

scabies : (f.) vitacchikā.

scabrous : (adj.) kaṭhinasabhāva.

scaffold : (f.) vadhavedikā; (nt.) āghātana; (v.t.) aṭṭakaṃ yojeti.

scaffolding : (nt.) aṭṭaka.

scald : (nt.) uṇhena daḍḍhaṭṭhāna; (v.t.) uṇhena dahati; tattavatthunā jhāpeti. (pp.) uṇhaḍaḍḍha. vatthunā jhāpita.

scaldhead : (m.) sīsacammaroga.

scalding : (adj.) atitatta.

scale : (f.) macchasalikā; nisseṇī; adhirohinī; (m.) tulāvaṭṭa; (nt.) māṇayata; aṅiita-parimāṇa. (v.t.) 1. tuleti; miṇāti; 2. sakalikā apaneti; 3. (nisseṇim) āruhati. (pp.) tulita; mita; apanītasalikā; āruḷha.

scaliness : (nt.) sakalikābahulatta.

scallop : (m.) kapālapiṭṭhika.

scallywag : (m.) virūpanīcapuggala.

scalp : (m.) sīsamuddhā; (nt.) sīsacamma; (v.t.) sīsacammaṃ uppāṭeti. (pp.) uppāṭitasīsacammaṃ.

scamp : (m.) dhutta; saṭha, (v.t.) asādhukaṃ kammaṃ karoti.

scamper : (nt.) sīghapalāyana; (v.i.) bhīto dhāvati.

scan : (v.t.i) 1. sukhumaṃ nirikkhati; 2. (in verses : ) mattā gaṇeti. (pp.) sukhumaṃ nirikkhita; gaṇitamatta.

scandal : (nt.) dūsana; (m.) kalaṅka; apavāda; (v.t.) abhūtena abbhācikkhati. (pp.) abhūtena abbhācikkhita.

scandal-monger : (m.) abhūtabbhakkhāyī.

scandalise : (v.t.) durācārena dummanaṃ karoti; abbhācikkhati. (pp.) durācarena manīkata; abbhācikkhita.

scandalous : (adj.) 1. akittikara; guṇanāsaka; 2.garahita; jeguccha.

scandent : (adj.) (latā viya) āruhanasabhāva.

scanning : (f.) pajjaracanā; (m.) chandovibhāga.

scansion : (nt.) mattāgaṇana; pattahārakarana.

scansorial : (adj.) (nakhehi) āruhaṇasīla.

scant : (adj.) virala; appaka; dullabha.

scantily : (adv.) viralākārena.

scantless : (nt.) viralatta.

scanty : adj. virala; appaka; dullabha.

scape : (nt.) vaṇṭa.

scape-goat : (m.) parapāpavāhī (-aja).

scape-grace : (m.) moghapurisa.

scapula : (m.) aṃsakūṭa.

scapular : (adj.) aṃsakūṭāyatta.

scar : (nt.) vanaciṇha; āhatalañchana; (m.) pabbatapapāta; (v.t.) lakkhaṇāhataṃ karoti; kalaṅkayati. (pp.) lakkhaṇāhataṃ kata; kallaṅyita.

scaramouch : (m.) vikkatthī; attasīlāghī.

scarce : (adj.) virala; dullabha.

scarcely : (adj.) kicchena; kasirena.

scarcity : (nt.) viralatta; dullabhatta.

scare : (v.t.) uttāseti; santāseti; (m.) bhayahetu.

scare-crow : (m.) tiṇapurisa.

scarf : (nt.) uttarīya.

scarify : (v.t.) lohitaharaṇatthaṇ vijjhati. (pp.) lohitaharaṇatthaṃ viddha.

scarlet : lohitavaṇṇa.

scarness : (nt.) viralatta; dullabhatta.

scathe : (f.) hani; (m.) upaddava; (v.t.) balavahāniṃ pāpeti; upaddaveti. (pp.) balavahāniṃ pāpita; upadduta.

scathless : (adj.) akkhata; anupahata.

scatter : (v.t.) ākirati; vikirati; vippakirati; viyūheti. (pp.) ākiṇṇa; vikiṇṇa; viyūhita.

scatter about : pakirati.

scatter over : abbhukkirati.

scattering : (nt.) vikirana; viyūhana.

scavenge : (v.t.) kacavaraṃ sodheti.

scavenger : (m.) kacavarasodhaka; pupphachaḍḍaka; pukkusa; vīthīsodhaka.

scene : (nt.) 1. ṭhāna; (m.) padesa; naccavibhāga; diṭṭhipatha; (f.) raṅgajavanikā.

scenery : (m.) desavilāsa.

scenic : (adj.) 1. raṅganissita; 2. desadassanassita.

scenography : (nt.) dūradassakacittakamma.

scent : (m.) sugandha; gandhasāra; parimala; (v.t.) 1. parivāseti; gandhena bhāveti; 2. ghāyati. (pp.) parivāsita; gandhena bhāvita; ghāyita.

scent orgen : (nt.) ghāṇindriya.

scented powder : (nt.) vāsacuṇṇa.

scentless : (adj.) niggandha.

sceptic : (adj.; m.) kaṅkhī; natthikadiṭṭhī.

scepticism : (m.) natthikavāda.

sceptre : (f.) rājayaṭṭhi; (m.) jayakunta.

sceptreless : (adj.) rājayaṭṭhirahita.

schedule : (f.) niyamāvali; (m.) parisiṭṭha-saṅgaha; (v.t.) paṇṇe āropeti; niyamāvaliṃ likhati.

schema : (nt.) saṅkhitta-nirūpana; (m.) saddālaṅkāra.

schematic : (adj.) saṅkhittanirūpanāyatta.

scheme : (m.) 1. upāya; payoga; upakkama; 2. kūṭopāya; (v.t.) 1. upakkamati; parikappeti; 2. kūṭopāyaṃ yojeti. (pp.) upakkamita; parikappita; yojitakūṭopāyaṃ.

schemer : (m.) upāyayojaka.

scheming : (f.) kumantanayojanā.

schism : (m.) parisabheda; saṅghabheda; matavirodha.

schismatic : (m.) parisabhedī; (adj.) saṅghabhedaraka.

schismatically : (adv.) bhedakaravasena.

scholar : (m.) 1. sissa; sekkha; 2. bahussuta; paṇdita.

scholarly : (adj.) vibudhocita.

scholarship : (m.) sissabhāva; (nt.) paṇḍicca.

scholastic : (adj.) vibuddhāyatta; vijjāvisayaka; vijjāyatanāyatta.

scholastically : (adv.) vibudhānurūpaṃ; vijjānurūpaṃ.

scholiast : (m.) aṭṭhakathācariya; nyāsakāra.

scholium : (f.) adholipi.

school : (nt.) vijjāyatana; (f.) pāṭhasālā; (m.) (of thought : ) sampadāya; (v.t.) vineti; sikkheti. (pp.) vinīta; sikkhita.

schoolboard : (f.) ajjhāpakassabhā.

schoolboy : (m.) pāṭhāsālīyasissa.

schoolfellow : (m.) sahajjhāyaka.

schoolmaster : (m.) pāṭhasālācariya.

schoolmate : (m.) sahajjhāyaka.

schooner : (f.) dvīkūpakanāvā.

socialism : (nt.) samājahitakaraṇa. (f.) samasambhogatā.

sciatic : (adj.) kaṭivisayaka; kaṭivāyu.

science : (f.) vijjā; (nt.) sattha.

scientific : (adj.) 1. vijjānugata; 2. viññatasattha.

scientifically : (adv.) vijjānukūlataya.

scientist : (m.) vijjāvisārada.

scilicet : (adv.) seyyathīdaṃ; kathan ti ce.

scimitar : (f.) asiputtī.

scintilla : (nt.) phuliṅga.

scintillate : (v.i.) phuliṅgāni vissajjeti; pabhāsati. (pp.) vissaṭṭhaphuliṅga; pabhāsita.

sciolistism : (nt.) appamattajānana.

sciolist : (m.) kiñcimattavidū.

scion : (m.) 1. kulaputta; mahākulāgata; 2. baddhaṅkura.

scriptorium : (nt.) lekhanāgāra.

scriptural : (adj.) pāvacanāyatta.

scissile : (adj.) chedanakkhama.

scission : (nt.) chinnaṭṭhāna; (m.) cheda.

scissor : (v.t.) chindati. (pp.) chinna.

scissors : (nt. (plu.)) pipphalaka; (f.) kattarikā.

scoff : (m.) avahāsa; uphāsa; (v.i.) avahasati; upahasati. (pp.) avahasita; upahasita.

scoffer : (m.) avahāsī.

scoffingly : (adv.) avahāsapubbakaṃ; sopahāsaṃ.

scold : (nt.) santajjana; paribhāsana; (f.) kharavācā nārī; (v.t.i.) paribhāsati; akkosati. (pp.) paribhāsita; akkuṭṭha.

scolder : (m.) paribhāsaka.

scolding : (f.) garahā; paribhāsanā.

sconce : (m.) 1. sitthadīpādhāra; 2. khuddaka-balakoṭṭhaka; 3. sīsamatthaka.

scoop : (f.) khaṇittī; (m.) uḷuṅka; (v.t.) 1. anto khaṇati; 2. uluṅkena apaneti. (pp.) anto khata; uluṅkena apaīta.

scoot : (v.i.) palāyati. (pp.) palāta.

scope : (m.) 1. visaya; okāsa; 2. ajjhāsaya; 3. paramattha.

scorch : (m.) cammaḍāha; (v.t.) abhitāpeti. (pp.) abhitāpita.

scorching : (adj.) abhitāpakara.

score : (nt.) gaṇanāciṇha; (f.) chinnarekhā; vīsatisaṅkhyā; (nt.) nimitta; hetu; (v.t.) rehkāhi aṅketi. (pp.) rekhaṅkita.

scored : (m.) rekhaṅkita.

scoria : (m.) aggibhūdharika-ayomaṇḍa.

scorify : (v.t.) lohamalattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) lohamalattaṃ pāpita.

scorn : (v.t.) avajānāti; avamāneti; hīleti. (pp.) avaññāta; avamata; hīlita. (nt.) anādara; (m.) tirokkāra; (f.) avaññā.

scorner : (m.) avamaññaka; hīletu.

scornful : (adj.) sāvañña.

scornfully : (adv.) sāvaññaṃ.

Scorpio : (m.) vicchikarāsi.

scorpion : (m.) vicchika.

Scot : (m.) kara; bali.

scotch : (m.) cakkabādhaka; avaccheda; (v.t.) cakkaṃ bādheti; avacchindati. (pp.) bādhitacakka; avacchinna.

scotoma : (nt.) akkhidiṭṭhibādhana.

scoundrel : (m.) khala; narādhama.

scoundrelism : (nt.) ketava.

scour : (v.t.) 1. samparimajjati; ghaṃsitvā sodheti; 2. ativireceti. (v.i.) javena palāyati. (pp.) samparimaṭṭha; ghaṃsitvā sodhita; javena palāta.

scourge : (f.) kasā; (m.) devadaṇḍa; (v.t.) kasāhi tāḷeti; 2. accantaṃ pīḷeti. (pp.) kasāhi tāḷita; accantaṃ pīḷita.

scout : (m.) 1. carapurisa; 2. bālacara. (v.i.) gūḷhaṇ or raho carati. (v.t.) sāvaññaṃ paṭikkhipati. (pp.) sāvaññaṃ paṭikkhitta.

scow : (f.) titthadoṇi.

scowl : (m.) bhūbhaṅga; (nt.) bhākuṭīkaraṇa; (v.i.) bhākuṭiṃ karoti. (pp.) bhākuṭīkata.

scrabble : (v.i.) 1. vilikhati; 2. āyāsena gavesati. (pp.) vilikhita; āyāsena gavesita.

scrachly : (adj.) vilikhanayutta.

scragginess : (nt.) 1. kakkasatta; 2. kisatta; 3. dīghagīvatta.

scraggy : (adj.) 1. kakkasa; 2. kisa; 3. dīghagīva.

scramble : (v.t.i.) kicchena āruhati; gaṇhitum ussaheti. (pp.) kicchena ārūḷha; gaṇhitum ussahita.

scrambler : (m.) kicchenārohī.

scrambling : (nt.) kicchārohaṇa; (m.) gahaṇussāha.

scrannel : (adj.) kaṇṇakaṭuka.

scrap : (m.) chinnakhaṇḍa; bhuttāvasesa; (nt.) bhaṇḍana.

scrape : (nt.) 1. avalekhana; 2. kiccha; kasira; (v.t.) avalikhati; ullikhati. (pp.) avalikhita; ullikhita.

scraper : (m.) avalekhaka; piṃsaka.

scraping : (nt.) nighaṃsana; ullikhana.

scratch : (v.t.) kaṇḍūvati; (f.) kaṇḍuti.

scratcher : (m.) kaṇḍūvaka.

scratching : (nt.) avisadalekhana.

scrawl : (v.t.) avyattaṃ or turitaṃ likhati. (pp.) avyattaṃ likhita. (nt.) avisadalekhana.

scream : (nt.) akkandana; viravana; (v.i.t.) viravati; akkandati. (pp.) akkandita.

screamer : (m.) virāvakārī.

screamingly : (adv.) saviravaṃ.

screamy : (adj.) viravamāna.

screech : (m.) tārassara; (v.i.t.) uccassarena nadati; vissaraṃ karoti. (pp.) katavissara.

screed : (f.) āyāsakara-dīghakathā; āyāsakaradīghalipi.

screen : (f.) javanikā; tirokaraṇī; (v.t.) 1. āvarati; tirokaroti; 2. cālaniyā puthakkaroti. (pp.) āvaṭa; tirokata; cālaniyā puthakkata.

screen-wall : (m.) sāṇipākāra.

screw : (f.) vyāvaṭṭanī; (m.) valayakhīlaka; (v.t.) 1. vyāvaṭṭniyā ābandhati; 2. nippīḷetvā dhanaṃ sañcināti. (pp.) vyāvaṭṭaniyā ābadda; nippīḷetvā sañcitadhana.

screwdrawer : (m.) vyāvaṭṭanīyojaka.

screwpine : (m.) dhanuketakī.

scribble : (f.) avisadalipi; (nt.) avyattalekhana; (v.t.) avisadaṃ or turitaṃ likhati. (pp.) avisadaṃ likhita.

scribbler : (m.) avisadalekhaka.

scribe : (m.) lekhaka; lipikāra; (v.t.) likhati. (pp.) likhita.

scrimmage : (m.) kalaha.

scrimp : (v.t.i.) mitabbayena annapānaṃ; sampādeti; maccharāyati. (pp.) mitabbayena ditannapana; maccharāyita.

scrip : (f.) khuddakathavikā; (nt.) mūlapaṭiggahapaṇṇa.

script : (nt.) hattahalekhana; mūlalekhana.

scripture : (nt.) pāvacana; (f.) dhammalipi.

scripturerally : (adv.) pāvacanāgatavasena.

scrivener : (m.)1. nītilipisampādaka; 2. iṇadāyaka.

scrofula : (m.) galagaṇḍaroga.

scrofulous : (adj.) galagaṇḍātura.

scroll : (f.) āvaṭṭita-lipi; (v.t.i.) āvaṭṭeti. (pp.) āvaṭṭita.

scrotitis : (m.) aṇḍadāha.

scrotum : (m.) aṇḍakosa.

scrub : (nt.) 1. nighaṃsana; 2. gumbagahana; (v.t.) nighaṃseti; pakkhāleti. (pp.) nighaṃsita; pakkhālita.

scrubber : (m.) nighaṃsaka.

scrubby : (adj.) gumbacchanna.

scruff : (nt.) khandhaṭṭhi.

scrumptious : (adj.) manohara; atimadhura.

scruple : (nt.) kukkucca; (m.) saṃsaya; (v.i.) kukkuccāyati; saṅkati. (pp.) kukkuccāyita; saṅkita.

scrupulous : (adj.) kukkuccabahula; yutticintaka.

scrupulously : (adv.) atiparikkhāya; yutticintāya.

scrupulousness : (f.) vajjabhayadassavitā.

scrutator : (m.) sukhamupparikkhaka.

scrutineer : (m.) vajjaparikkhaka; sukhumanirūpaka.

scrutinise : (v.t.) pariyogāhati; suṭṭhupaparikkati. (pp.) pariyogāḷha; suṭṭhupaparikkhita.

scrutiny : (f.) sukhumaparikkhā.

scud : (m.) vātāhata-valāhaka; (v.i.) tuvaṭaṃ dhāvati.

scuffle : (m.) vyākula-kalaha; (v.i.) vyākulaṃ kalahaṃ karoti.

scull : (nt.) khuddakāritta; (v.t.) khuddārittena pājeti. (pp.) khuddārittena pajita.

sculler : (f.) khuddaka-doṇi.

scullery : (nt.) bhājanadhovaṭṭhāna.

scullion : (m.) bhājanadhovaka; āḷārikantevāsi.

sculptor : (m.) silāvaḍḍhakī; rūpukkiraka.

sculptorture : (nt.) paṭimāukkiraṇa; silātacchana; (v.t.) (silādihi) paṭimādayo ukkirati.

sculptural : (adj.) ukkiraṇāyatta.

scum : (m.) pheṇa; (nt.) uggatamala; (v.t.) pheṇam apaneti. (pp.) apanītapheṇa.

scumble : (v.t.) vaṇṇamaṭṭhaṃ karoti. (pp.) vaṇṇamaṭṭhaṃ kata.

scummy : (adj.) uggatapheṇayutta.

scurf : (f.) cammapapaṭikā.

scurfy : (adj.) chavipapaṭikāyutta.

scurry : (v.i.) lahuṃ dhāvati.

scurvy : (m.) pūtirattaroga; (adj.) nīca; kucchita.

scut : (nt.) rassa-naṅguṭṭha.

scutcheon : (m.) namaṅkitapaṭṭa; (nt.) taḷacchiggalāvaraṇa.

scutum : (nt.) kheṭka; saraphalaka.

scythe : (nt.) asita; dātta; lavitta.

sea : (m.) samudda; sāgara; sindhu; aṇṇava; jalanidhi; udadhi.

seaboard : (f.) samuddavelā.

seaborn : (adj.) samuddaja.

seabreeze : (m.) samuddāgatavāta.

seachart : (f.) samuddagamanākati.

secluded : (adj.) vivitta; vūpakaṭṭha; rahogata; paṭisallīna.

secluded place : (nt.) suññāgāra; pantasenāsana.

seacoast : (nt.) sāgaratīra.

seafaring : (adj.) samuddaagāmi.

seagage : (nt.) nāvāsīdanappamāṇa.

seagirt : (adj.) sāgaravaṇṇa.

seal : (f.) muddā; (nt.) lañchana; (m.) lomasa-maccha; (v.t.) 1. muddeti; lañcheti; 2. niccheti; niṇṇeti. (pp.) muddita; lañchita; nicchita; niṇṇita.

sealing : (nt.) lañchaṭhapana.

sealing wax : (f.) lākhā; (nt.) jatu.

seam : (m.) sibbanīmagga; (v.t.) sibbanena sandhāti; sibbaniṃ dasseti. (pp.) sibbanena sandhita; dassitasibbana.

seaman : (m.) nāvika.

seamless : (adj.) sibbanīrahita.

seamonster : (m.) makara.

seamster : (m.) tunnavāya.

seamstress : (f.) tunnavāyikā.

seance : (f.) vīmaṇsakasabhā.

seanymph : (f.) aṇṇavadevatā.

seaport : (nt.) nāvāpaṭṭana.

sear : (adj.) sukkha; milāta; (v.t.) soseti; snehaṃ pariyādāti. (pp.) sosita; pariyādinnasneha.

search : (f.) esanā; gavesana; pariyesana; anvesanā; eṭṭhi; gaveṭṭhi; pariyeti; (v.t.) esati; gavesati; pariyesati; maggati; vicināti.

searchable : (adj.) gavesiya; pariyesitabba.

searcher : (m.) esaka; gavesaka.

seasalt : (nt.) sāmuddika-loṇa.

seashore : (nt.) samuddatīra.

seasickness : (m.) sāmuddika-bhama.

seaside : (nt.) sāgarānnaṭṭhāna.

season : (m.) utu; samaya; (v.t.) saṃkharoti; pariṇāṃeti; (v.i.) paricayati; paripākaṃ yāti. (pp.) saṅkhata; pariṇāmita; paricayita; paripākaṃ yāta || out of season: (adj.) ayathākālika. (adv.) akāle; wrong season: (m.) akāla.

seasonable : (adj.) samayocita; paripācanāraha.

seasonably : (adv.) yathāsamayaṃ; kālānurūpaṃ.

seasonal : (adj.) samayāyatta.

seat : (nt.) 1. āsana; nisīdana; 2. ṭhāna; āyatana; niketana; (v.t.) 1. (oneself : ) nisīdati; upavisati; (someone else : ) nisīdāpaeti; 2. patiṭṭhāpeti; 3. āsanaṃ paññāpeti. (pp.) nisinna; upaviṭṭha; nisīdāpita; patiṭṭhāpita; paññattāsana.

seat of learning : (nt.) vijjāyatana.

seaward : (adj.) samuddābhimukha.

seawards : (adv.) sāgarābhimukhaṇ.

seaweed : (m.) samuddagaccha.

seaworthy : (adv.) yātrāyogga.

sebaceous : (adj.) medobahula.

secant : (f.) chedaka-rekhā.

secede : (v.i.) sapakkhato apagacchati. (pp.) sapakkhato apagata.

seceder : (n.) pakkhavissajjaka; bhedamatika.

secession : (m.) sapakkhacāga.

seclist : (n.) vivekakāmī; paṭisallīnarata.

seclude : (v.t.) 1. visuṃ vāseti; 2. (oneself : ) paṭisallīyati. (pp.) visuṃ vāsita; paṭisallīna.

seclusion : (nt.) 1. vinākaraṇa; visuṅkaraṇa; 2. paṭisallāna; sallīyana.

seclusion at noon : (m.) divāvihāra.

second : (m.) muhutta; accrāsaṅghāta; sahāya; upatthambhaka; (adj.) dutiya; (v.t.) anujānāti; sammattheti. (pp.) anuññāta; samatthita || without a second: addutiya; appaṭiya; appaṭipuggala.

second-hand : (adj.) kataparibhoga.

secondarily : (adv.) amukhyavasena.

secondary : (adj.) appadhāna; anukhya.

seconder : (m.) anumaññaka; daḷhīkattu.

secondhand : (adj.) kataparibhoga.

secondly : (adv.) dutiyaṃ.

secrecy : (nt.) gūḷhatta; rāhassikatta.

secret : (nt.) rahassa; duyha; (adj.) gūḷha; rāhassaka; paṭicchanna.

secretariat : (m.) mahālekhakāya.

secretariate : (m.) mahālekhakālaya.

secretary : (m.) lekhanādhikārī.

secretary of state : (m.) mahālekhaka.

secrete : (v.t.) 1. nikkhāmeti; moceti; 2. nigūhati. (pp.) nikkhāmita; mocita; nigūḷha.

secretecy : (nt.) gūḷhatta; rāhassikatta.

secretion : (m.) niggatayūsa; (nt.) mala.

secretive : (adj.) rahassākāra; gūḷhasabhāva.

secretly : (adv.) raho; gūḷhaṃ.

secretness : (nt.) gūḷhatta; rāhasikatta.

secretory : (adj.) nicchāraha; mocaka.

sect : (m.) nikāya; gaṇa; pakkha.

sectarian : (adj.) nikāyāyatta; pakkhaagata; nekāyika.

sectarianism : (nt.) nekāyika; (m.) pakkhagāha.

sectary : (m.) nikāyāyattapuggala.

section : (m.) vagga; khaṇḍa; pabba; pariceda; (v.t.) vibhajati; paricchindati. (pp. vibhatta; paricchinna.

sectional : (adj.) koṭṭhāsāyatta.

sectionally : (adv.) paricchedavasena; koṭṭāsavasena.

sector : (m.) chinnabhaga.

secular : (adj.) ihalokika; saṃsārika.

secularise : (v.t.) lokikattaṃ pāpeti.

secularism : (f.) ihalokaniṭṭhā.

secularity : (nt.) lokikatta.

secularly : (adv.) lokiyavasena.

secularness : (nt.) lokikatta.

secure : (adj.) khema; nibbaya; nirāsaṅka; nirupaddava. (v.t.) 1. tāyati; rakkhati; 2. daḷhīkaroti. (pp.) tāyita; rakkhita; daḷhākata.

secure place : (nt.) khemaṭṭhāna.

securely : (adv.) khemena; surakkhitaṃ.

securer : (m.) abhayadāyī; tāyaka.

security : (f.) gutti; rakkhā. (nt.) tāṇa; leṇa. (m.) saccakāra.

sedan : (f.) sivikā

sedate : (adj.) upasanta; nibbikāra.

sedately : (adv.) nibbikāraṃ.

sedateness : (f.) upasantatā.

sedative : (adj.) upassmakara. (nt.) upasamanosadha.

sedentary : (adj.) nisajjābahula; udāsīna; akammasīla.

sediment : (nt.) kakka; sañcitamala.

sedimentary : (adv.) malasadita.

sedition : (nt.) kumantana; dubbhana.

seditious : (adj.) dubbhanasīla.

seditiously : (adv.) dubbhanākārena.

seduce : (v.t.) vimoheti; palobheti. (pp.) vimohita; palobhita.

seducer : (m.) palobhaka; vilohaka.

seduction : (nt.) palobhetvā avaharaṇa; vimohana.

seductive : (adj.) palobhaka vimohaka.

seductively : (adv.) palobhanena.

sedulous : (adj.) kiccāsatta; uyyogapara.

sedulously : (adv.) sausāhaṃ.

sedulousness : (f.) uyyoga; kattukamyatā.

see : (m.) dhammācariyāyattapadesa. (v.t.) passati; pekkhati; ikkhati; oloketi. (pp.) diṭṭha; pekkhita; ikkhita; olokita.

see-saw : (f.) phalakapājanakīḷā. (v.i.) phalakena dolāyati.

seed : (nt.) bīja; (semen : ) sukka. (m.) pabhava; mūlahetu. (f.) santati. (v.t.) 1. bījam uppāṭeti; 2. bījāni puthakkaroti. (v.i.) bījāni pāteti or uppādeti. (pp.) uppāṭitabīja; puthakkatabīja; uppāditabīja.

seed time : (m.) vapakāla.

seed-vessel : (m.) bījakosa.

seedless : (adj.) abījaka.

seedling : (m.) bījaṅkura.

seedsman : (m.) bījavāṇija.

seedy : (adj.) bījapuṇṇa.

seeing : (adj.) passanta; olokenta.

seek : (v.t.) 1. gavesati; pariyesati; 2. ākaṅkhati; pattheti. (pp.) gavesita; pariyesita; ākaṅkhita; patthita.

seeker : (m.) gavesī; ākaṅkhī; patthetu.

seeking after : (adj.) nibbisanta; gavesanta.

seem : (v.i.) dissati; khāyati; paṭibhāti.

seeming : (adj.) kittima; bāhirato dissamāna.

seemingly : (adv.) ayathāvato; bāhirato dissanākārena.

seemly : (adj.) anucchavika; anurūpa.

seen : (pp. of see), diṭṭha || easily seen: (adj.) sudassa.

seen face to face : (adj.) sakkhidiṭṭha.

seen well : (adj.) sudiṭṭha.

seer : (m.) passitu; dassāvī; dassī.

seethe : (v.i.) kuthati. (v.t.) sedeti; kutheti. (pp.) kuthita; sedita.

seething : (adj.) saṅkhubhita; kuthita.

segment : (m.) cheda; chinnakhaṇḍa.

segregate : (v.t.) viyojeti; visuṃkaroti. (pp.) viyojita; visuṃkata.

segregation : (nt.) visuṅkaraṇa.

segregative : (adj.) viyojaka.

seine : (nt.) mahājāla.

seismic : (adj.) bhūmicalanāyatta.

seismography : (m.) bhūmicālavibhāga.

seismometer : (nt.) bhūmicālasūcakayanta.

seize : (v.t.i.) pasayha gaṇhāti; āvisati; akkamati. (pp.) pasayha gahita; āviṭṭha; akkanta.

seizer : (m.) gāhaka; gāhī.

seizure : (nt.) gahaṇa; akkamana; āvisana.

sejunction : (nt.) viyojana; puthakkaraṇa.

seldom : (adv.) kadāci; kālantarena.

select : (adj.) uccinita; visiṭṭha; sammata. (v.t.) uccināti; avadhāreti. (pp.) uccinita; avadhārita.

selection : (nt.) uccinana.

selectness : (nt.) mahagghatta; visiṭṭhatta.

self : (m.) atta. (ind.; adj.) saka; nija; sakīya || I myself: aham attanā va; he himself: so attanā va; so saym eva; they themselves: te attanā va; we ourselves: mayam attanāva.

self-abnegation : (nt.) nekkhamma.

self-applause : (f.) attasilāghā.

self-assumed : (adj.) attanā āropita.

self-begotten : (adj.) sayambhū; sayañjāta.

self-care : (f.) attagutti.

self-choice : (m.) sayaṃvara.

self-collected : (adj.) attadanta.

self-command : (m.) attasaṃyama.

self-composed : (adj.) bhāvitatta.

self-conceit : (m.) ahaṅkāra.

self-confidence : (nt.) vesārajja.

self-conscious : (adj.) saka-sabhāvacintaka.

self-contradictory : (adj.) aññamaññavirodhī.

self-contained : (adj.) attasaññata.

self-controlled : (adj.) saṃyatatta.

self-denial : (m.) sakatthapariccāga.

self-denying : (adj.) sakatthacāgī.

self-destruction : (m.) attaghāta.

self-devotion : (f.) paratthacariyā.

self-educated : (adj.) attanā va uggahita.

self-esteem : (f.) attasambhāvanā.

self-evident : (adj.) sayaṃsiddha.

self-government : (nt.) sādhīnapālana.

self-guarded : (adj.) attagutta.

self-help : (nt.) attupatthambhana.

self-made : (adj.) sayaṅkata.

self-mortification : (m.) attakilamatha.

self-mortifying : (adj.) attantapa.

self-possessed : (adj.) samāhita; avyaggamana.

self-praise : (f.) attukkaṃsanā.

self-respect : (m.) attābhimāna.

self-righteous : (adj.) attānavajjatādassī.

self-sacrifice : (m.) attapariccāga.

self-same : (adj.) anañña; abhinna.

self-satisfied : (adj.) attasantuṭṭha; abhimānayutta.

self-seeking : (adj.) attatthakāmī.

self-sufficient : (adj.) sabbasampuṇṇa; sak-bala-yutta.

self-will : (f.) seritā. (m.) yathākāmācāra.

selfhood : (m.) puggalabhāva; attabhāva.

selfish : (adj.) sakatthapara.

selfishly : (adv.) sakatthaparatāya.

selfishness : (f.) sakatthaparatā.

selfless : (adj.) paratthakāmī.

selfness : (f.) paratthakāmitā.

sell : (v.t.) vikkiṇāti. (pp.) vikkīta.

seller : (n.) vikketu; vikkāyika.

selling : (nt.) vikkiṇṇa.

selvage : (f.) dasā; mukhavaṭṭi.

semblance : (nt.) samānatta; sadisatta. (m.) dissamānākāra.

semen : (nt.) sukka. (m.) sambhava.

semi : (prep.) addha (in cpds.).

semi-annual : (adj.) addhavassika; chammāsika.

semi-circle : (nt.) addhāvaṭṭa; addhacakka.

semi-circular : (adj.) addhavaṭṭula.

semi-colon : (nt.) addhavirāmaciṇha.

semi-conscious : (adj.) addhamucchita.

semi-lunar : (adj.) addhacandākāra.

semi-menstrual : (adj.) addhamāsika.

semi-vowel : (nt.) addhasara; antaṭṭhakkhara.

semi-weekly : (adj.) addhasattāhika.

seminal : (adj.) sambhavavisayaka.

seminality : (f.) jananasatti.

seminary : (m.) sāmaṇerasikkhālaya. (nt.) bījaropaṇaṭṭhāna.

seminiferous : (adj.) bījadhārī.

sempiternal : (adj.) sadātana; sassata.

senate : (f.) sacivasabhā.

senator : (m.) saciva.

send : (v.t.) peseti; pahiṇāti. (pp.) pesita; pahita.

send after : anupeseti.

send away : paṇāmeti; uyyojeti.

send back : paṭipeseti.

send for : pakkosāpeti.

send forth : 1. nicchāreti; 2. sāsanaṃ peseti.

send off : ossajati; vissajjeti; peseti.

send out : nicchāreti; nikkhāmeti.

sender : (m.) pesetu; pesaka.

sending : (nt.) pesana.

sending off : (nt.) vissajjana.

senescent : (adj.) jīyamāna.

senile : (adj.) vayovuddha; jarājiṇṇa.

senility : (f.) jarājiṇṇatā.

senior : (adj.; n.) vuḍḍhatara; jeṭṭha.

senior monk : (m.) thera.

senior nun : (f.) therī.

seniority : (nt.) jeṭṭhatta; vuddhataratta.

senna : (nt.) soṇṇapatta; virecakapaṇṇa.

sensation : (nt.) visayagahaṇa.

sensational : (adj.) saṃvegakara; vimhayāvaha.

sensationally : (adv.) saṃvegajanakākārena.

sense : (nt.) (cakkhādi-) indriya. (m.) padattha. (f.) avabhodha; ajjhāsaya; saññā; sati. (v.t.) maññati; anumānena jānāti || according to sense: (adj.) anvattha.

sense object : (nt.) ālambana; ārammaṇa.

sense of hearing : (nt.) sotindriya.

sense of sight : (nt.) cakkhundriya.

sense of smell : (nt.) ghāṇindriya.

sense of taste : (nt.) jivhindriya.

sense of touch : (nt.) kāyindriya.

sense organ : (nt.) āyatana; pasādarūpa.

sense perception : (f.) muti.

senseless : (adj.) acetana; aviññāṇaka; visaññī; sammūḷha.

senselessly : (adv.) visaññitāya; muṭṭhasaccena; mucchitākārena.

sensibility : (f.) 1. jānanasatti; 2. tikhiṇindriyatā.

sensible : (adj.) 1. indriyagocara; 2. sacetana; 3. anupahatindriya; 4. paṭisaṃvedī; 5. mutimantu; vicakkhaṇa.

sensibleness : (f.) tikhiṇindriyatā.

sensibly : (adv.) paccakkhato; sappaññākārena.

sensitive : (adj.) 1. khippābhiñña; tikhiṇindriya; 2. hirimantu; lajjābahuta.

sensitive plant : (namakkārī; nidhikumbhī.

sensitively : (adv.) sukhumasaññāya.

sensitiveness : (f.) tikkhindriyatā.

sensorium : (nt.) matthaluṅga.

sensory : (adj.) visayaga-hanasamattha; savedana.

sensual : (adj.) 1. indriyabaddha; 2. visayāsatta; 3. (person : ) kāmuka; visayarasika.

sensual enjoyment : (f.) kāmasevanā; visayarati.

sensual pleasure : (f.) kāmarati.

sensualist : (n.) kāmabhogī; visayarata.

sensuality : (f.) kāmabhogitā.

sensualness : (f.) kāmabhogitā.

sensuous : (adj.) indriyagocara; indriyāsatta.

sentence : (nt.) vākya. (m.) daṇḍaniyama. (v.t.) daṇḍaṃ paṇeti; vadhāya niyameti. (pp.) paṇītadaṇḍa; niyamitavadha.

sentience : (nt.) sacetanatta.

sentient : (adj.) sacetanika.

sentiment : (m.) saṅkappa; adhippāya; manobhāva; siṅgārādirasa.

sentimental : (adj.) rasabahula; saṅkappamaya.

sentimentalism : (f.) rasaññutā; manobhāvayuttatā.

sentimentality : (f.) rasaññutā; manobhāvayuttatā.

sentimentally : (adv.) manobhāvavasena.

sentimentalist : (m.) nāṭyarasika.

sentinel : (m.) rakkhīpurisa.

sentry : (m.) rakkhīpurisa.

separable : (adj.) puthakkaraṇīya.

separate : (adj.; n.) pacceka; paṭiyekka; āveṇika; puthubhūta; visumbhūta. (v.t.) viyojeti; vinibbhujati; puthakkaroti; visuṅkaroti. (v.i.) viyujjati; vinābhavati. (pp.) viyojita; puthakkata; visuṅkata; vinibhutta; viyutta; vinābhūta.

separately : (adv.) visuṃ; puthu; pāṭekkaṃ; paccekaṃ.

separateness : (f.) pāṭekkatā; paccekatā.

separation : (nt.) visuṅkaraṇa; viyujjana. (m.) viyoga; vippayoga.

separatism : (nt.) vinābhavana.

separative : (adj.) viyogakara.

separator : (m.) viyojaka.

sepoy : (m.) bhāratīya-yuddhabhaṭa.

sepsis : (nt.) pūyapaggaharaṇa.

septangular : (adj.) sattakoṇaka.

September : (m.) poṭṭhapāda.

septenary : (nt.) sattaka. (adj.) sattaṅga; sattavaggika.

septennial : (adj.) sattavassika.

septet : (nt.) sattaka.

septic : (adj.) pūtibhāvagata.

septical : (adj.) pūtibhāvagata.

septuple : (adj.) sattaguṇika.

sepulchral : (adj.) chavāgārāyatta; khedasūcaka.

sepulchre : (nt.) susānaghara; chavāgāra. (v.t.) chavaṃ thūpe nidahati. (pp.) thūpanihita-chava.

sepulture : (nt.) bhūnidahana; chavanikkhipana.

sequacious : (adj.) dhitihīna; parānuvattī.

sequacity : (f.) dhitihīnatā.

sequel : (nt.) anugāmiphala. (m.) uttarivipāka.

sequence : (m.) anukkama; anvaya. (f.) paramparā.

sequencent : (adj.) anugāmī.

sequester : (v.) visuṃ vāseti or ṭhapeti. (pp.) visuṃ vāsita; visuṃ ṭhapita.

sequestrate : (v.t.) 1. rājasantakaṃ karoti; 2. iṇāyikassa dhanaṃ rundheti. (pp.) rājasantakaṃ kata; runditadhana.

sequestration : (nt.) dhanarundhana.

sequestrator : (m.) rundhita-dhanapālaka.

seraglio : (nt.) itthāgāra; antepura. (m.) orodha.

serene : (adj.) upasanta; samāhita; passaddha.

serenity : (f.) passaddhi. (m.) upasama.

serf : (m.) kassaka-dāsa.

serfdom : (nt.) kassaka-dāsavya.

sergeant : (m.) bhaṭasenāya upādhikārī.

serial : (nt.) anukkamapaṇṇa. (adj.) kamānugata.

serially : (adv.) anukkamena; yathākkamaṃ.

seriate : (v.t.) anukkamikaṃ or kamānugataṃ-karoti. (pp.) anukkamikaṃ or kamānugataṃ kata.

seriatim : (adv.) yathānukkamaṃ.

sericulture : (nt.) kosakimiposaṇa.

sericulturist : (m.) kosakimiposaka.

series : (f.) āvali; panti; seṇi; mālā.

serious : (adj.) 1. bhāriya; garuka; 2. dhīrasabhāva.

seriously : (adv.) bāḷhaṃ.

seriousness : (nt.) garutta; bhāriyatta; dhīratta.

serjeant : (m.) bhaṭasenāya upādhikārī.

sermon : (f.) dhammadesanā. (m.) suttanta.

sermonise : (v.t.) dhammaṃ deseti. (pp.) desitadhamma.

serous : (adj.) takkavaṇṇa; takkasadisa.

serpent : (m.) sappa; ahi; uraga; bhujaga; bhogī; āsivisa; alagadda || body of a serpent: (m.) bhoga; fang of a serpent: (f.) āsī; sappadāṭhā.

serpent charmer : (m.) ahiguṇṭhika.

serpentine : (adj.) sappopama; kuṭila; vaṅka.

serrate : (adj.) kakacasadisa. (v.t.) dante uṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) uṭṭhāpitadanta.

serried : (adj.) nirantarasaṃhata.

serum : (f.) vasā.

servant : (m.) sevaka; bhacca; kiṅkara; pesanakara; paricāraka.

servant boy : (m.) ceṭaka.

servant girl : (f.) ceṭikā.

serve : (v.t.) upāsati; paricarati; upaṭṭhāti. (v.i.) sādheti; pavatteti. (pp.) upāsita; paricarita; upaṭṭhita; sādhita; pavattita.

serve out : bhājeti.

serve up food : 1. bhojanaṃ paṭiyādeti; 2. parivisati.

serve with : sampādeti.

service : (f.) sevā; paricariyā. (nt.) upaṭṭhāna; veyyāvacca; kicca; vatta. (m.) pūjāvidhi || public service: (nt.) rājakicca. (f.) rājasevā.

servile : (adj.) parādhīna; parapessiya; dāsopama.

servilely : (adv.) nīcavuttiyā; adhikagāravena.

servility : (nt.) atilolatta; dāsasadisatta.

servitor : (m.) upaṭṭhāka; kappiyakāraka. see Servant.

servitude : (nt.) parādhīnatta.

sesame : (nt.) tila.

sesame cake : (f.) tilasaṅguḷikā.

sesame paste : (nt.) tilakakka.

session : (m.) sabhāvāra; adhikaraṇavāra.

sessional : (adj.) sabhāvārāyatta.

sesspool : (f.) jambālī. (m.) oligalla.

set : (m.) samūha; vagga; gaṇa; atthagama. (f.) āvali. (adj.) niyata; thira; nicchita. (v.t.) 1. nidahati; niveseti; ṭhapeti; 2. payojeti. (v.i.) atthaṅgacchati. (pp.) nihita; nivesita; ṭhapita; payojita; atthaṅgata.

set about : ārabhati.

set against : virujjhati.

set apart : visuṃ karoti or ṭhapeti.

set aside : paṭisāmeti.

set before : upaṭṭhapeti; abhiharati.

set down : nikkhipati.

set forth : niddisati; paññāpeti.

set free : pamoceti.

set in motion : kampeti; paribbhameti.

set in order : saṃsāmeti.

set into agitation : saṃvejeti.

set on : payojeti.

set on fire : ujjāleti.

set out : nikkhamati; niggacchati.

set over : niyojeti; adhikāraṃ pāpeti.

set up : 1. payojeti; 2. ukkujjeti.

set upon : pakkhandati.

set-down : (nt.) bādhaka; balavatajjana.

settee : (nt.) dīghāsana.

setting : (m.) sannivesa. (nt.) patiṭṭhāpana.

setting down : (m.) atthagama.

settle : (nt.) dīghaphalakāsana. (v.t.) 1. sanniveseti; 2. saṃvidahati; 3. sannisīdāpeti; 4. samathaṃ pāpeti; 5. vavatthapeti; 6. thirīkaroti. (v.i.) 1. adhivasati; 2. sannisīdati; 3. thirībhavati; 4. samatham upeti; 5. gharabandhanam upeti. (pp.) sannivesita; saṃvihita; sannisīdāpita; thirīkata; adhivuttha; sannisinna; thirībhūta; samathamupeta; gharabandhanamupeta.

settlement : (m.) sannivesa; vinicchaya. (nt.) gharabandhana; niviṭṭhaṭṭhāna. (m.) janapada.

settler : (m.) adhivāsī.

seven : (n.; adj.) satta || a group of seven: (nt.) sattaka.

seven times : (adv.) sattakkhattuṃ.

seven years old : sattavassika.

seven-storied : (adj.) sattabhūmaka.

sevenfold : (adj.) sattaguṇika.

seventeen : (n.; adj.) sattarasa; sattadasa.

seventeenth : (adj.) sattadasama.

seventy : (f.) sattati.

seventy-five : (f.) pañcasattati.

seventy-four : (f.) catusattati.

seventy-one : (f.) ekasattati.

seventy-seven : (f.) sattasattati.

seventy-six : (f.) chasattati.

seventy-three : (f.) tesattati.

seventy-two : (f.) dvisattati; dvāsattati.

sever : (v.t.) vicchindati; viyojeti. (pp.) vicchinna; viyojita.

several : (adj.) katipaya.

severally : (adv.) visuṃ; paccekaṃ.

severalty : (nt.) bhinnatta. (m.) puthubhāva.

severance : (nt.) vicchindana.

severe : (adj.) tikhiṇa; tibba; ugga; atimatta; kaṭuka; daḷha.

severely : (adv.) atimattaṃ; atitibbaṃ.

severity : (nt.) tibbatta; tikhiṇatta.

sew : (v.t.) sibbati; tuṇṇakammaṃ karoti. (pp.) sibbita; katatuṇṇakamma.

sewer : (f.) paṇālī; malanibbāhinī.

sewerage : (nt.) malanibbāhanakamma.

sewing : (nt.) sibbana.

sewing machine : (nt.) sibbakayanta.

sex : (nt.) liṅga; bhāvarūpa || female sex: (m.) itthibhāva; male sex: (m.) pumbhāva.

sexagenarian : (adj.; 3.) saṭṭhivassika.

sexangle : (adj.; m.) chakoṇaka.

sexennial : (adj.) chabbassika.

sexology : (nt.) kāmasattha.

sextuple : (adj.) chakoṭṭhāsika.

sexual : (adj.) liṅgika; methunāyatta.

shabbily : (adv.) kucchitākārena.

shabbiness : (nt.) lūkhavasanatta.

shabby : (adj.) lūkha; kucchita; kiliṭṭhavasana.

shackle : (m.) nigaḷa; anduka. (v.t.) andukehi bandhati. (pp.) andukabaddha.

shade : (f.) chāya; tirokaraṇī; lesamattā. (nt.) vitāna; āvaṭaṭṭhāna. (m.) pacchābhāga. (v.t.) āvarati; chādeti. (pp.) āvaṭa; chādita.

shadeless : (adj.) chāyārahita; anāvaṭa.

shadow : (f.) chāyā. (nt.) lesamatta. (v.t.) 1. chāyāya pattharati; tirokaroti; 2. avisadaṃ nirūpeti.

shadowy : (adj.) 1. chāyāmaya; chāyābahula; 2. vitatha.

shady : (adj.) sacchāya; avivaṭa.

shaft : (m.) sara; kaṇḍa; usu; bāṇa. (f.) yaṭṭhi; daṇḍa; tharu; muṭthi.

shag : (nt.) thūlalomakavattha.

shaggy : (adj.) 1. lomasa; kharalomayutta; 2. atibahula; 3. gumbacchanna.

shake : (nt.) calana; kampana; iñjana; dhunana. (v.t.) cāleti; kampeti; dhunāti; īreti; iñjeti; phandati. (pp.) cālita; kampita; dhuta; īrita; iñjita; calita; phandita.

shake about : mathati; mantheti.

shake off : odhunāti; niddhunāti.

shaking : (adj.) calamāna; kampamāna.

shaky : (adj.) lola; capala; cala.

shall : (v. aux.) Expressed forms (such as -issati, -eyya) || what shall I do: kim ahaṃ karissāmi or kareyyaṃ.

shallow : (adj.) 1. uttāna; agambhīra; 2. appassuta; 3. appamattaka. (v.t.) uttānaṃ karoti. (v.i.) uttānībhavati. (pp.) uttānīkata; uttānībhūta.

shallow hearted : (adj.) athirajjhāsaya.

shallowly : (adv.) uttānākārena.

shallowness : (nt.) agambhīratta.

sham : (f.) palambhanā; vañcanā. (m. vyāja. (adj.) kūṭa; kittima. (v.t.) palambheti; vañceti. (pp.) palambhita; vañcita.

sham fight : (f.) uyyodhikā.

shamble : (f.) alalitagati. (v.i.) asobhanākārena yāti.

shambles : (nt.; plu.) āghātana; sūnāghara.

shame : (f.) lajjā; hiri; apakitti. (m.) avamāna. (v.t.) lajjāpeti; avamāneti. (v.i.) lajjati. (pp.) lajjāpita; avamānita; lajjita.

shame faced : (adj.) lajjanasīla; vinītasabhāva.

shameful : (adj.) lajjitabba; nindanīya; akittikara.

shamefully : (adv.) lajjitabbākārena.

shameless : (adj.) nillajja; ahirika.

shamelessly : (adv.) nillajjākārena.

shamelessness : (f.) alajjitā; ahirikatā.

shampoo : (nt.) sambāhana; sedana. (v.t.) sambāhati; ubbaṭṭeti. (pp.) sambāhita; ubbaṭṭita.

shank : (f.) jaṅghā.

shanty : (f.) kuṭi; paṇṇasāla.

shape : (nt.) saṇṭhāna. (m.) ākāra. (v.t.) saṇṭhānaṃ deti; nimmiṇāti. (pp.) dinnasaṇṭhāna; nimmita.

shapeless : (adj.) nirākāra; saṇṭhānarahita.

shapely : (adj.) surūpa; susaṇṭhāna.

shard : (f.) kaṭhalikā. (m.) kapālakhaṇḍa.

share : (m.) paṭiviṃsa; koṭṭhāsa; bhāga; phāla; phālaka. (v.t.) 1. bhājeti; vibhajati; 2. bhāgaṃ labhati. (v.i.) sahabhāgī hoti. (pp.) bhājita; vibhatta; laddhabhāga; sahabhāgībhūta.

share holder : (m.) bhāgasāmī; paṭiviṃsadhārī.

sharer : (m.) bhāgī; bhāgagāhī; bhājaka.

shark : (m.) 1. makara; 2. vañcaka. (v.i.) sāṭheyyena jīvati.

sharp : (adj.) 1. tikkha; tikhiṇa; tippa; tibba; 2. nisita; tejita; 3. khippanisantika; sukhumabuddhika. (adv.) yathākālaṃ; kālam anatikkamma.

sharp set : (adj.) atijighacchita.

sharp witted : (adj.) tikhiṇabuddhika.

sharpen : (v.t.) tejeti; uttejeti; niseti; dhāraṃ ṭhapeti. (pp.) tejita; uttejita; nisita; ṭhapitadhāra.

sharpener : (nt.) nisāṇakaravatthu.

sharper : (m.) vañcaka; saṭha.

sharply : (adv.) 1. tiṇhaṃ; tikhiṇaṃ; 2. yathākālameva.

sharpness : (nt.) 1. tikhiṇatta; 2. kosalla; pāṭava.

shatter : (v.t.) vikirati; vicuṇṇeti; khaṇḍeti. (v.i.) palujjati; vikirīyati. (pp.) vikiṇṇa; vicuṇṇita; khaṇḍita; palugga; vikiṇṇa.

shave : (nt.) khurakamma; kesavoropaṇa. (f.) vañcana mutti. (v.t.) muṇḍeti; kese ohāreti (pp.) muṇḍita; ohāritakesa.

shaver : (m.) nahāpita.

shaverling : (m.) muṇḍaka; muṇḍasīsa.

shavey : (f.) paricārikā; ceṭikā.

shaving : (nt.) kesoropaṇa; bhaṇḍukamma.

shavocracy : (nt.) dāsapatipālanabala.

shawl : (nt.) pāvuraṇa.

she : (pron.; f.) sā.

she bird : (f.) sakuṇī.

she elephant : (f.) hatthinī.

sheaf : (m.) kalāpa. (f.) veṇī; kaṇṇikā. (v.t.) veṇīkaroti. (pp.) veṇīkata.

shear : (v.t.) (lomādiṃ) luṇāti; anukantati. (pp.) lūṇā; anukantita.

shearer : (m.) lomakantaka.

shearing : (nt.) kantana; lāyana. (plu.; f.) kattarikā.

sheath : (m.) kosa. (f.) kosī.

sheathe : (v.t.) kose pakkhipati; paḷiveṭheti. (pp.) kose pakkhitta; paḷiveṭhita.

sheathing : (nt.) kosekhipana.

sheave : (v.t.) veṇīkaroti. (pp.) veṇīkata.

shed : (m.) maṇḍapa. (f.) vivaṭasālā. (v.t.) moceti; vāheti; paggharāpeti. (pp.) mocita; vāhita; paggharāpita.

shedding : (nt.) paggharāpana.

shedder : (m.) paggharāpaka.

sheen : (f.) kanti; sobhā; juti. (nt.) bhāsuratta.

sheeny : (adj.) ujjala; bhāsura.

sheep : (m.) meṇḍa; mesa; urabbha.

sheep cot : (m.) meṇḍavaja.

sheep dealer : (m.) orabbhika.

sheep fold : (m.) meṇḍavaja.

sheepish : (adj.) nitteja; lajjanasīla.

sheepishness : (nt.) momuhatta; nittejatta.

sheer : (adj.) 1. kevala; amissa; 2. adhika; daḷha. (v.i.) vokkamati; apasarati. (pp.) vokkanta; apasaṭa.

sheerly : (adv.) accantaṃ.

sheet : (nt.) paṭṭaka; attharaṇa. (v.t.) attharati; santharati. (pp.) atthata; santhata || bed sheet: (nt.) mañcattharaṇa.

sheet fish : (m.) sapharī.

sheet of metal : (nt.) lohapaṭṭa.

sheet of paper : (nt.) kāgajapaṇṇa.

sheet of water : (nt.) jalatala.

shelf : (m.) pahalakādhāra; bhittiphalaka.

shell : (m.) kaṭāha; kosa; ghanattaca. (v.t.) kaṭāham apaneti; kosā apaneti; kapālehi chādeti. (pp.) apanītakaṭāha; kosāpanīta; kapālehi chādita.

shell fish : (m.) kosamaccha; kapālamaccha.

shellac : (nt.) lākhāpaṭṭa.

shelter : (nt.) āvaraṇa; tāṇa; leṇa; paṭisaraṇa. (v.t.) tāyati; rakkhati. āvarati. (pp.) tāyita; rakkhita; āvaṭa.

shelterless : (adj.) anāvaraṇa; asaraṇa.

shelve : (v.t.) 1. phalakatthare ṭhapeti; 2. paṭisāmeti. (pp.) phalakatthare ṭhapita; paṭisāmita. (v.i.) īsaṃ poṇāyati.

shepherd : (m.) meṇḍapāla. (v.t.) meṇḍa pāleti. (pp.) pālitameṇḍa.

shepherdess : (f.) meṇḍapālī.

sherbet : (nt.) sītala-pāna.

sheriff : (m.) padesādhikārī.

sheriffdom : (nt.) padesādhikāritta.

sheriffhood : (nt.) padesādhikāritta.

shibboleth : (nt.) kulāveṇikavacana.

shield : (nt.) kheṭaka; phalaka; tāṇa; leṇa. (v.t.) tāyati; rakkhati. (pp.) tāyita; rakkhita.

shift : (nt.) saṅkamana; parivattana. (f.) ṭhānanatarappatti. (v.t.) 1. cāveti; saṅkāmeti; upāyaṃ yojeti. (v.i.) ṭhāna cavati; saṅkamati. (pp.) cāvita; saṅkamita; yojitopāya; ṭhānacuta; saṅkanta.

shiftily : (adv.) kūṭopāyena.

shiftless : saṅkamanarahita.

shiftlessly : (adv.) acalākārena.

shifty : (adj.) capala; asaddheyya.

shikar : (m.) migava.

shikaree : (m.) vyādha; migavantevāsī.

shilling : (m.) (tannāmaka-) rūpiyavisesa.

shilly-shally : (f.) akatanicchayatā. (v.i.) vicikicchati.

shimmer : (m.) mandāloka. (v.i.) mandaṃ jalati.

shin : (f.) aggajaṅghā.

shine : (f.) juti; ditti. (v.i.) jotati; dippati; pabhāsati; rājati. (v.t.) joteti; vaṇṇamaṭṭhaṃ karoti. (pp.) jotita; ditta; pabhāsita; katavaṇṇamaṭṭha.

shingle : (f.) dārumayachadaniṭṭhakā. (v.t.) chadanapaṭṭikāhi chādeti. (pp.) chadanapaṭṭikāhi chādita.

shining : (adj.) ujjala; bhāsura; jutimantu; virocamāna; virājamāna.

shiny : (adj.) bhāsura; vaṇṇamaṭṭha.

ship : (f.) nāvā; taraṇī; tarī. (v.t.) nāvam āropeti. (pp.) nāvam āropita.

ship builder : (m.) nāvānimmāpaka.

ship chandler : (m.) nāvāya upakaraṇasampādaka.

ship man : (m.) nāvika.

ship master : (m.) nāvādhipati.

ship wreck : (m.) nāvābhaṅga.

ship wrecked : (nt.) nāvānimmāpanaṭṭhāna.

shipment : (nt.) nāvāya bhaṇḍajāta.

shipping : (nt.) nāvāya pesana; nāvāropaṇa.

shire : (m.) janapadekadesa.

shirk : (v.i.) kiccavimukho hoti. (pp.) kiccavimukhībhūta.

shirker : (m.) kiccavimuka.

shirt : (m.) adhokañcuka.

shiver : (f.) kampā; sakalikā. (nt.) phandana; vedhana. (m.) khaṇḍa. (v.i.) vedhati; kampati. (v.t.) sakalī-karoti. (pp.) vedhita; kampita; sakalīkata.

shivering : (adv.) kampāsahitaṃ.

shoal : (m.) agambhīraṭṭhāna; mahāsamūha; macchagumba. (nt.) jalavālukātala. (v.i.) 1. uttānībhavati; 2. sammilati; gumbavasena rāsībhavati. (pp.) uttānībhūta; sammilita.

shock : (m.) 1. abhighāta; 2. saṅkhobha. (nt.) vipphandana. (v.t.) 1. abhihanati; saṅghaṭṭeti; 2. saṅkhobheti; vikkhipati. (v.i.) saṅkhubhati. (pp.) abhihata; saṅghaṭṭita; saṅkhobhita; vikkhitta; saṅkbhubhita.

shockingly : (adv.) bībhacchākārena; vikkhepakatāya.

shoddy : (adj; n.) lāmaka; vyāja. (m.) pilotikatantu; pilotikakhaṇḍa.

shoe : (nt.) pādatāṇa. (f.) pādukā. (v.t.) pādatāṇaṃ or khurattāṇaṃ yojeti. (pp.) yojitakhurattāṇa.

shoe black : (m.) pādatāṇamajjaka.

shoe maker : (m.) pādukāsampādaka.

shoo : (intj.) apasara. (v.i.) sūsūyati. (v.t.) palāpeti. (pp.) sūsūyita; palāpita.

shoot : (v.i.) sahasā niggacchati; ubbhijjati. (v.t.) vijjhati; vissajjeti. (pp.) sahasāniggata; ubhinna; viddha; vissaṭtha. (m.) aṅkura; kisalaya; salilāvaṭṭa. (f.) opatanapaṇālikā.

shoot ahead : paṭimalle parājetvā dhāvati.

shoot down : vijjhitvā māreti.

shoot home : yathālakkhaṃ vijjhati.

shoot off : sahasā palāyati.

shoot up : sīghaṃ vaḍḍhati.

shooter : (m.) vijjhitu.

shooting : (nt.) vijjhana. (m.) migava. (adj.; m.) tibba (vedanākara).

shooting gallery : (nt.) vijjha-naparicayaṭṭhāna.

shooting range : (m.) abbhokāse vijjhanaparicaya.

shooting star : (m.) ukkāpāta.

shop : (m.) āpaṇa. (f.) paṇyasālā. (v.t.) āpaṇaṃ yāti.

shop keeper : (m.) āpaṇika; paṇyavikkayī.

shop lifter : (m.) paṇiyacora.

shopping : (nt.) āpaṇato kiṇana.

shore : (f.) veḷā. (nt.) taṭa; tīra; kūla. (v.t.) thambhādīhi upatthambheti; ādhārakaṃ yojeti. (pp.) thambhādīhi upatthambhita; yojitādhāraka.

shoreless : (adj.) atīra; amariyāda.

short : (adj.) (of length : ) rassa; vāmana; anāyata. (of itme : ) aciraṭṭhitika; ittarakālika. (of quantity : ) appahoṇaka; ūna. (of vowel : ) laghu.

short coming : (m.) pamādadosa.

short cut : (m.) ujumagga; adūrapatha.

short hand : (nt.) laghulekhana.

short handed : (adj.) upatthambharahita.

short lived : (adj.) acirajīvī; aciraṭṭhāyī.

short sighted : (f.) rassadiṭṭhi; adūradassitā.

short spoken : (adj.) mitabhāṇī.

short tempered : (adj.) kuppanasīla.

shortage : (nt.) ūnatta.

shorten : (v.t.) 1. saṅkhipati; saṅkoceti; 2. rassaṃ karoti. (pp.) saṅkhitta; saṅkocita; katarassa.

shortly : (adv.) 1. acirena; khippaṃ; 2. saṅkhepena; samāsato.

shortness : (nt.) adīghatta; rassatta.

shot : (m.) khepa; pahāra; vijjhak; nāḷīyantavedhī. (nt.) vijjhana. (f.) nāḷīyantaguḷikā.

shoulder : (m.) jattu; aṃsakūṭa. (v.t.) 1. khandhena vahati; aṃsakūṭe ṭhapeti; 2. jattunā paharati. (pp.) khandhena vahita; aṃsakūṭe ṭhapita; jattunā pahaṭa.

shoulder belt : (f.) aṃsapaṭṭikā.

shout : (m.) unnāda; virava. (v.i.t.) ugghoseti; saddāyati; ravati; nadati; unnadati. (pp.) ugghosita; saddāyita; ruta; nadita.

shove : (f.) ussāraṇā; āyāsena apanayanā. (v.t.) ussāreti; bāhādīhi paharitvā apaneti. (pp.) ussārita; bāhādīhi paharitvā apanīta.

shovel : (f.) bhūmidabbī. (v.t.) bhūdabbiyā pakkhipati. (pp.) bhūdabbiyā pakkhitta.

shoveler : (m.) bhūdabbiyā pakkhipaka.

show : (nt.) sandassana; āvīkaraṇa; vyājadassana. (v.t.) 1. dasseti; nidasseti; 2. sūceti; pakāseti; āvīkaroti. (pp.) dassita; nidassita; sūcita; pakāsita; āvīkata. (v.i.) sandissati; āvībhavati. (pp.) sandiṭṭha; āvībhūta.

shower : (m.) dassetu; nidassaka; mandamegha. (f.) vuṭṭhi. (v.i.) mandaṃ vassati.

shower bath : (nt.) dhārāsināna; sīkaranahāna.

showery : (adj.) meghabahula.

showily : (adv.) dassanīyākārena; vyājena.

showiness : (nt.) dassanīyatta; gabbitapadassana.

showy : (adj.) dassanīya; vyājadassanayutta.

shred : (f.) sakalikā. (m.) vatthakhaṇḍa. (v.t.) sakalīkaroti; khaṇḍaso chindati. (pp.) sakalīkata; khaṇḍaso chinna.

shrew : (f.) kakkasitthī; kalahakāriṇī. (m.) mūsikāvisesa.

shrewd : (adj.) 1. tibba; tikhiṇa; 2. carura; nipuṇa; sūra.

shrewdness : (nt.) 1. cāturiya; nepuñña; 2. tikhiṇatta.

shrewdly : (adv.) 1. chekākārena; caturatāya; 2. tibbaṃ.

shriek : (nt.) akkandana. (m.) kaṭukanāda. (v.i.t.) kaṭukaṃ nadati; akkandati. (pp.) kaṭukaṃ nadita; akkandita.

shrill : (adj.) kaṇṇakaṭuka. (v.i.) kakkasaṃ nadati.

shrillness : (nt.) kaṇṇa kaṭukatta.

shrimp : (m.) jalavicchika.

shrine : (nt.) cetiya; pujjaṭṭhāna. (v.t.) cetiye nidahati. (pp.) cetiya nidahita.

shrink : (v.i.) saṅkucati; līyati. (v.t.) saṅkoceti; saṃharati. (pp.) saṅkucita; līna; saṅkocita; saṃhaṭa.

shrink from : viramati; apakkamati.

shrinkable : (adj.) saṅkocanāraha.

shrinkage : (nt.) saṅkocana; paṭilīyana.

shrivel : (v.i.) saṅkuṭati. (v.t.) valiṃ gaṇhāpeti; saṅkoceti. (pp.) saṅkuṭita; valiṃ gaṇhāpita; saṅkocita.

shroud : (nt.) chavapaṭicchādana. (v.t.) onandhati; onahati. (pp.) onaddha; onayhita.

shrub : (m.) gumba; gaccha.

shrubbery : (nt.) gumbachannaṭṭhāna.

shrubby : (adj.) gumbayutta.

shrug : (m.) aṃsasaṅkoca. (v.i.t.) aṃsakūṭe unnāmeti or saṅkoceti. (pp.) unnāmitaṃsakūṭa.

shudder : (nt.) chambhitatta. (v.i.) bhayena kampati or phandati. (pp.) bhayakampita.

shudderingly : (adv.) sacchambhitattaṃ.

shuffle : (nt.) vikkhipana; missīkaraṇa. (f.) vañcanā. (v.t.) vikkhipati; sammisseti; opuṇāti. (v.i.) pāde sappanto gacchati. (pp.) vikhitta; sammissita; opuṇita.

shun : (v.t.) vivajjeti; parivajjeti; pajahati. (pp.) vivajjita; parivajjita; pajahita.

shunt : (nt.) parāvattana; aññattha pāpana. (v.t.) parāvatteti; aññattha neti. (pp.) parāvattita; aññattha nīta.

shut : (v.t.) thaketi; pidahati; āvarati. (pp.) thakita; pihita; āvaṭa.

shut in : rodheti.

shut out : nivāreti; nisedheti.

shut up : sannirumbheti.

shutter : (nt.) kavāṭa; pidhāna.

shutting : (nt.) pidahana.

shuttle : (m.) tasara.

shy : (adj.) lajjālu; bhīruka; hirimana; janabhīruka. (v.i.) sahasā apakkamati. (v.t.) (paharaṇāya) khipati or vissajjeti. (pp.) sahasā apakkanta; khitta; vissaṭṭha.

shyly : (adv.) salajjaṃ.

shyness : (f.) hirimanatā; janabhīrutā.

sibilant : (nt.) usumakkhara.

sibyl : (f.) devadāsī; anāgatavādinī.

siccative : (adj.; n.) sosanaka.

sick : (adj.) gilāna; vyādhita; rogī; rogātura; akallaka.

sick leave : (m.) gilānaviveka.

sick room : (f.) gilānasālā.

sicken : (v.t.) 1. gilānaṃ karoti; 2. jigucchamuppādeti. (v.i.) 1. gilāno hoti; 2. jigucchati. (pp.) gilānīkata; uppāditajiguccha; gilānabhūta; jigucchita.

sickening : (adj.) jigucchākara.

sickish : (adj.) īsaṃ-gilāna.

sickle : (nt.) asita; dātta; lavitta.

sickle man : (m.) lāyaka.

sickly : (adj.) rogabahula.

sickness : (m.) roga; vyādhi; ātaṅka; āmaya. (nt.) gelañña.

side : (m.) passa; pakkha; aṃsa. (v.i.) pakkhaṃ gaṇhāti; passe tiṭṭhati. (pp.) gahitapakkha; passe ṭhita || on both sides: ubhato; ubhayato.

side by side : (adv.) yuganandhavasena.

side long : (adj.) passānugata.

side show : (m.) amukhyavohāra.

side splitting : (adj.) atihāsajanaka.

side view : (nt.) ekapassikadassana.

side ways : (adv.) tiriyaṃ.

side wise : (adv.) tiriyaṃ.

side with : pakkhaṃ gaṇhāti.

sidereal : (adj.) nakkhattanissita.

siderography : (nt.) ayoukkiraṇasippa.

sidewards : (adv.) passābhimukhaṃ.

siding with : (adj.) anuvattaka; pakkhagāhī.

sidle : (v.i.) (gāravāya) passenayāti. (pp.) passenayāta.

siege : (nt.) avarodhana; uparodhana; rundhana. (v.t.) orundhati; uparundhati; rodheti. (pp.) oruddha; rodhita.

siesta : (m.) divāvihāra. (f.) divāseyyā.

sieve : (f.) piṭṭhacāḷanī. (v.t.) cālaniyā puthakkaroti. (pp.) cālaniya putthakkata.

sift : (v.t.) 1. opuṇāti; 2. cālaniyā sodheti; 3. sukhumam upaparikkhati. (pp.) opuṇita; cāliyā sodhita; sukhumam upaparikkhita.

sifting : (nt.) opuṇana. (m.) opuṇaka.

sigh : (m.) nissāsa. (v.i.t.) nissasati; nitthunāti. (pp.) nissasita; nitthunita.

sighingly : (adv.) sanissāsaṃ.

sight : (f.) diṭṭhi. (nt.) dassana. (m.) cakkhupatha. (v.t.) passati; āpāthagataṃ karoti. (pp.) diṭṭha; āpāthagataṃ kata.

sightless : (adj.) andha; diṭṭhihīna.

sightlessness : (nt.) andhatta.

sightliness : (nt.) dassanīyatta; abhirūpatta.

sightly : (adj.) dassanīya; cārudassana.

sightseeing : (nt.) nānāṭhānadassana; disāvilokana.

sightseer : (m.) sundaraṭṭhānapassī.

sigillate : (adj.) samuṭṭhāpitarūpa (-bhājana).

sigillation : (nt.) bhājanesu rūpasammuṭṭhāpana.

sign : (nt.) lakkhaṇa; lañchana; abhiññāṇa; iṅgita; viññāpana. (f.) viññatti. (m.) visesadhaja. (v.i.) 1. hatthalañchaṃ patiṭṭhāpeti. (v.t.) viññāpeti; saññaṃ deti. (pp.) patiṭṭhāpitahatthalañca; viññapita; dinnasañña.

sign board : (nt.) nāmaphalaka.

sign language : (f.) hatthamuddā.

sign on the forehead : (m.) tilaka.

sign post : (m.) saññātthambha.

signal : (f.) saññā. (m.) saṅketa. (adj.) visiṭṭha; asādhāraṇa. (v.t.) saññaṃ deti; saṅketaṃ karoti. (pp.) dinnasañña; katasaṅketa.

signal man : (m.) saññādāyaka.

signalise : (v.t.) khyātiṃ gameti; visiṭṭhataṃ pāpeti.

signally : (adv.) visiṭṭhākārena.

signatory : (adj.; m.) hatthalañchanadāyī.

signature : (nt.) hatthalañchana. (f.) hatthamuddā.

signet : (f.) muddā; muddika.

signeting : (f.) hatthamuddikā.

significance : (m.) attha; adhippāya. (nt.) mahatta; garutta.

significant : (adj.) viññāpaka; atthayutta; anussaraṇīya.

significative : (adj.) viññāpaka; atthayutta; anussaraṇīya.

signify : (v.t.) gameti; bodheti; viññāpeti; sūceti. (pp.) gamita; bodhita; viññāpita; sūcita.

signior : (m.) ayya; sāmī.

signor : (m.) ayya; sāmī.

silence : (f.) nissaddatā. (m.) tuṇhībhāva. (nt.) abhāsana. (v.t.) nissaddaṃ karoti; niruttarataṃ pāpeti. (pp.) nissaddīkata; niruttarataṃ pāpita.

silent : (adj.) nissadda; tuṇhībhūt.

silently : (adv.) tuṇhībhāvena; nissadaṃ.

silhouette : (nt.) chāyācitta. (v.t.) chāyācittam ālikhati.

silk : (nt.) koseyya; kimijavattha.

silk cotton tree : (m.) simbalī.

silk mercer : (m.) koseyyavāṇija.

silk worm : (m.) kosakimi.

silken : (adj.) koseyyamaya.

silky : (adj.) mudu; komala; saṇha.

sill : (m.) ummāra. (f.) esikā.

silliness : (nt.) mūḷhatta; mandamatitta.

silly : (adj.) momuha; andhabāla.

silt : (m.) vūḷha-paṅkādi. (v.t.) (paṅkādīhi) rundheti or āvarati. (v.i.) rodhīyati. (pp.) rundhita; paṅkādīhi āvaṭa; rodhita.

silvan : (adj.) āraññaka; vanacchanna.

silver : (nt.) rajata. (adj.) rajatavaṇṇa; rajatamaya. (v.t.) rajatena āvarati or lepeti. (pp.) rajatāvaṭa; rajatalitta.

silver coin : (nt.) rūpiya.

silver plate : (m.) rajatapaṭṭa.

silver smith : (m.) rajatakāra.

silver tongued : (adj.) caturakathika.

silvery : (adj.) rajatobhāsa.

simian : (m.) vānara. (adj.) vānaragatika.

similar : (adj.) sadisa; samāna; tulya; sannibha; saṅkāsa; carikkha.

similarity : (nt.) sadisatta; tulyatta; samānatta.

similarly : (adv.) that'eva; evam eva.

simile : (f.) upamā. (nt.) opamma; rūpaka.

similitude : (nt.) samānatta; samānarūpaka.

simmer : (v.i.) mandaṃ kuthati; sanikaṃ paccati. (pp.) mandaṃ kuthita; sanikaṃ pakka.

simoom : (m.) kantāravāta.

simous : (adj.) cipiṭanāsika.

simper : (m.) aññāṇahāsa. (v.i.) mūḷhākārena hasati.

simple : (adj.) 1. avisiṭṭha; anacchariya; 2. amissa; kevala; 3. uju; 4. sugama.

simple minded : (adj.) akuṭila; ujucitta.

simpleness : (nt.) avisiṭṭhatta; analaṅkatatta.

simpleton : (m.) eḷamūga.

simplicity : (f.) 1. amissatā; 2. vinītatā; 3. sugamatā.

simplification : (nt.) visadīkaraṇa.

simplify : (v.t.) ujuṃ or visadaṃ karoti. (pp.) visadīkata.

simply : (adv.) kevalaṃ; anākulaṃ.

simulate : (v.t.) vyājena dasseti; micchā ñāpeti. (pp.) vyājena dassita; micchā ñāpita.

simulation : (nt.) vyājavesagahaṇa.

simultaneous : (adj.) yuganandha; apubbācarima; ekakālika.

simultaneously : (adv.) apubbaṃ acarimaṃ.

simultaneousness : (nt.) samakālikatta.

sin : (nt.) pāpa; akusala; apuñña; agha; durita; dukkata. (v.i.) pāpaṃ karoti; duccaritaṃ carati. (pp.) katapāpa.

since : (prep.) pabhuti with abl. (conj.) yato; yasmā. (adv.) tadanataraṃ; (tato) paṭṭhāya || ever since: (tato) sabbadā; has since been cut down: tasmā so chinno; how long since is it? : kīvaciraṃ into?

since I saw you last : tava mayā antimaṃ diṭṭhakālato paṭṭhāya.

since he did so : tena tathā katattā.

since now : yāv'ajjatanā.

sincere : (adj.) avyāja; yathābhūta.

sincerely : (adv.) ajjavena; avyājena.

sincereness : (nt.) ajjava; avyājatta.

sincerity : (nt.) ajjava; avyājatta.

sinciput : (m.) sīsapubbaddha.

sine : (prep.) vinā.

sine qua non : (nt.) accāvassaka-kāraṇa.

sinecure : (nt.) nikkamma-savetana-ṭhānantara.

sinecurist : (m.) nikkamma-vetanūpajīvī.

sinew : (m.) nahāru. (f.) sirā.

sinewy : (adj.) thāmavantu.

sinful : (adj.) pāpī; pāpakārī; pāpiṭtha.

sinfulness : (nt.) pāpiyatta; pāpiṭṭhatta.

sing : (v.i.) gāyati; (of birds : ) kūjati. (pp.) gāyita; kūjita.

singe : (v.t.) thokaṃ jhāpeti. (v.i.) thokaṃ ḍayhati. (pp.) thokaṃ jhāpita; thokaṃ daḍḍha.

singer : (m.) gāyaka.

singing : (nt.) gāyana; gīta.

Singhalese : (adj.) sīhaḷadīpika; sīhaḷāyatta.

Singhalese ḷanguage : (f.) sīhaḷabhāsā.

single : (adj.; n.) 1. ekaka; kevala; asahāya; 2. avivāhaka. (v.t.) niddhāreti; uccināti. (pp.) niddhārita; uccinita.

single combat : (nt.) dvanda-yuddha.

single handed : (adj.) asahāya.

single hearted : (adj.) advejjhamānasa.

single lined : (adj.) ekapaṭalika.

singles : (m.) vitacchikāroga.

singly : (adv.) ekekaso; paccekaṃ.

singleness : nt.) kevalatta; ekakatta.

singsong : (nt.) abhinnassaragīta.

singular : (nt.) ekavacana. (adj.) 1. pacceka; ekībhūta; 2. ativisiṭṭha; vimhayāvaha; anupama; anaññasādhāraṇa.

singularity : (nt.) asādhāraṇatta; visiṭṭhatta.

singularly : (adv.) visesato.

Sinhalese : (adj.) sīhaḷadīpika; sīhaḷāyatta.

sinister : (adj.) 1. asubha; avamaṅgala; 2. duṭṭha; vaṅka; 3. vāma; adakkhiṇa.

sinistrous : (adj.) durāsaya.

sinistrously : (adv.) duṭṭhākārena; durāsayatāya.

sink : (m.) pūti-udakāvāṭa. (v.i.) 1. nimujjati; osīdati; visīdati; ogacchati; 2. vilayaṃ yāti. (v.t.) 1. osīdāpeti; 2. khayaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) nimugga; osīna; visīna; ogata; vilayaṃ yāta; osīdāpita; khayaṃ pāpita.

sinker : (m.) 1. osīdāpaka; 2. osīdāpakabhāra.

sinking : (nt.) osīdāpana; nimujjana; ogāhana. (f.) balahāni.

sinless : (adj.) nippāpa; anagha.

sinner : (m.) pāpakārī.

sinology : (nt.) cīnabhāsādiñāṇa.

sinuosity : (f.) vaṅkayuttatā.

sinuous : (adj.) vaṅkagāmī; kuṭilagatika.

sinus : (f.) bhagandalā.

sip : (nt.) thokapibana. (v.t.) thokathokaṃ pivati. (pp.) thokathokaṃ pivita.

siphon : (m.) unnāmita-nāḷa.

sir : (m.) mārisa; ayya. (v.t.) ayyanāmen'ālapati.

sire : (voc.) mahārāja; deva; ayya. (v.t.) sindhave uppādeti.

siren : (f.) 1. kinnarī; jalaṅganā; 2. unnādinī; nādanāḷī.

siriasis : (f.) adhikātapamucchā. (nt.) ātapasināna.

Sirius : (f.) ekā mahātārā.

sirocco : (m.) uṇhavāta.

sirrah : (voc.) are; hare; aho sāmī.

sister : (f.) bhaginī; anujā || younger sister: (f.) kaniṭṭhabhaginī.

sister-in-law : (f.) nanandā.

sisterhood : (m.) bhaginībhāva; sahadhammika-nārīgaṇa.

sisterly : (adj.) bhaginīsadisa.

sit : (v.i.) nisīdati; upaveseti; āsati. (v.t.) nisīdāpeti; upaveseti. (pp.) nisinna; upaviṭṭha; nisīdāpita; upavisita.

sit near : upanisīdati.

site : (nt.) vatthu; patiṭṭhāṭhāna.

sitting : (f.) nisajjā.

sitting room : (f.) ukhasāla.

situate : (adj.) patiṭṭhita; niviṭṭha.

situated : (adj.) patiṭṭhita; niviṭṭha.

situation : (m.) sannivesa; adhikāra. (nt.) patiṭṭhāna; pada. (f.) avatthā; dasā.

sitz-bath : (nt.) nahānabhājana.

six : (adj.; n.) cha.

six-coloured : (adj.) chabbaṇṇa.

six-cornered : (adj.) chaḷaṃsika.

six-fold : (adj.) chabbidha; chagguṇa.

sixteen : (adj.; n.) soḷasa.

sixteenth : (adj.) soḷasama.

sixth : (adj.) chaṭṭha.

sixty : (f.) saṭṭhi.

sizeable : (adj.) mahanta; visāla.

size : (nt.) pamāṇa; parimāṇa. (m.) āyāmavitthāra. (v.t.) pamāṇayuttaṃ karoti; vaggīkaroti. (pp.) vaggīkata.

sizy : (adj.) khaliyutta.

skate : (m.) maṇḍūkamacchavisesa. (f.) himapādukā. (v.i.) himapādukāhi visappati.

skein : (f.) suttaguḷikā.

skeletize : (v.t.) kaṅkalattaṃ pāpeti.

skeleton : (m.) aṭṭhikaṅkala; aṭṭhisaṅkhāṭa; gehapañjara. (nt.) saṅkhittasaṇṭhāna.

skep : (m.) 1. vettapiṭaka; 2. madhurapañjara.

sketch : (nt.) saṅkhittanirūpana. (f.) saṅkhittaracanā. (v.t.) saṅkhepena nirūpeti. (pp.) saṅkhepena nirūpita.

sketchy : (adj.) saṅkhittanirūpanayutta.

skew : (adj.; n.) passonata.

skewer : (f.) maṃsasūci; maṃsa-salākāka.

ski : (m.) himapādukāphalaka. (v.i.) himapādukāphalakehi yāti.

skid : (nt.) cakkarodhana. (v.i.) khalitvā yāti. (v.t.) cakkaṃ rodheti. (pp.) khalitvā yāta; rodhitacakka.

skiff : (f.) lahudoṇikā.

skill : (nt.) cāturiya; kosalla; nepuñña.

skilled : (adj.) katahattha; katupāsana.

skilful : (adj.) paṭu; pavīṇa; nipuṇa; cheka; catura.

skilfully : (adv.) cāturiyena; nepuññena.

skim : (v.t.) pheṇam or maṇḍam apaneti. (v.i.) vegena parisappati. (pp.) apanītamaṇḍa; vegena parisappita.

skimmer : (m.) maṇḍuddharaṇakaṭacchu. udakapakkhivisesa.

skimp : (v.t.) ūnappamāṇena annapānādiṃ sampādeti; maccharāyati.

skimpingly : (adv.) maccharākārena.

skimpy : (adj.) mitampaca; maccharī.

skin : (m.) taca. (nt.) camma. (v.t.) cammam uppāṭeti; niccammaṃ karoti. (v.i.) cammaṃ rūhati || outer skin: (f.) chavi.

skin deep : (adj.) chavimattagambhīra.

skin flint : (m.) thaddhamaccharī.

skinner : (m.) cammakāra; cammavāṇija.

skip : (v.i.) 1. uppatanto kīḷati; 2. sahasā ṭhānantaraṃ yāti. (nt.) ādhāvana-paridhāvana; ākarotaraṇa-bhājana. (m.) vijjālayasevaka.

skipper : (m.) 1. plavaka; 2. lahunāvādhipa.

skirmish : (m.) antarā-kalaha. (v.t.) mandasamūhavasena yujjhati. (pp.) mandasamūhavasena yujjhita.

skirt : (m.) pariyanta. (f.) (of the clothe : ) dasā. (v.i.t.) pariyantenayāti; pariyante vattati.

skit : (f.) nindakalipi; ohīlakaracanā. (v.t.) ohīlakaracanaṃ sampādeti.

skittish : (adj.) 1. capala; avinīta; 2. keḷsīla.

skittishly : (adv.) capalatāya; keḷsīlatāya.

skive : (v.t.) nipiṃseti; taccheti. (pp.) nipiṃsita; tacchita.

skiver : (nt.) cammasodhakasattha.

skull : (m.) sīsakapāla.

sky : (m.) ākāsa; vehāsa; nabha; antaḷikkha; anilapatha; ādicapatha. (nt.) gagana; ambara; kha.

sky blue : (adj.) mandanīla.

sky clad : (adj.) digambara; nagga.

sky lark : (m.) bhāradvājapakkhī.

sky-high : (adj.) atyucca.

skylight : (m.) chadanagavakkha.

skyscraper : (m.) atyucca-pāsāda.

skywards : (adv.) nabhābhimukhaṃ.

slab : (m.) silāpatthara; silāpaṭṭa. (v.t.) patthare sampādeti.

slack : (adj.) 1. sithila; manda; atikhiṇa; 2. pamatta; anussuka. (m.) dandhagatika. (v.t.) sithilīkaroti. (pp.) sithilīkata.

slacken : (v.i.) mandībhavati; sithilībhavati. (v.t.) mandīkaroti. (pp.) mandībhūta; sithilībhūta. mandīkata.

slackly : (adv.) sithilākārena.

slackness : (nt.) sithilatta; mandavegatta.

slake : (v.t.) 1. pipāsam upasameti; 2. jalam āsiñcati. (pp.) upasamitapipāsa; āsittajala.

slam : (m.) ghaṭṭanasadda. (v.t.i.) mahāsaddena thaketi or ghaṭṭheti. (pp.) mahāsaddena thakita; mahāsaddena ghaṭṭita.

slander : (nt.) pesuñña; abbhakkhāna. (v.t.) abbhakkhāti; apavadati. (pp.) abbhakkhāta; apavutta.

slanderer : (m.) abbhakkhāvī; pisuṇāvādī.

slanderous : (adj.) sopavāda; bhedakara.

slanderously : (adv.) sopavādaṃ; abbhakkhānapubbakaṃ.

slang : (nt.) asabbha. (f.) asiṭṭhavācā; avyattakathā.

slangy : (adj.) avyattapadabahula.

slant : (m.) opāta. (adj.) poṇa; opātayutta. (v.t.) opātayuttaṃ karoti. (v.i.) poṇībhavati. (pp.) opātakata; poṇībhūta.

slanting : (adj.) poṇabhūta.

slantingly : (adv.) poṇākārena.

slap : (v.i.) pāṇitalena paharati. (pp.) pāṇitalena pahaṭa. (m.) pāṇipapahāra.

slap-bang : (adv.) dāruṇākārena.

slapdash : (adv.) sāhasikatāya; anisamma.

slash : (f.) dīghapaṭṭikā. (nt.) kasāhanana. (v.t.) 1. dīghaso chindati; 2. kasāya tāḷeti. (pp.) dīghaso chinna; kasāya tāḷita.

slashing : (adj.) mammacchedaka.

slat : (f.) dīghapaṭṭikā. (v.t.) dīghapaṭṭikāya āhanati. (pp.) dīghapaṭṭikāya āhata.

slate : (m.) silāpaṭṭa.

slate pencil : (f.) silāpattharlekhanī. (v.t.) 1. silāpattharehi chādeti; 2. bāḷhaṃ garahati or upavadati. (pp.) bāḷhaṃ garahita; bāḷhaṃ upavutta.

Slater : (m.) silāpattharavaḍḍhakī; 2. bāḷha-garahī.

slattern : (f.) asobhanā or dunnivatthā itthī.

slatternly : (adv.) asobha-nākārena.

slaughter : (nt.) hanana; ghātana; māraṇa. (m.) vadha. (v.t.) māreti; ghāteti; hanati. (pp.) mārita; ghātita; hata.

slaughter house : (nt.) sūnāghara.

slaughterer : (m.) vadhaka; ghātaka.

slaughterous : (adj.) manussaghātaka.

slaughterously : (adv.) atidāruṇatāya.

slave : (m.) dāsa. (v.i.) dāsakammaṃ karoti.

slave woman : (f.) dāsī.

slaver : (v.t.) lālā paggharāpeti. (pp.) paggharāpitalalā.

slavery : (nt.) dāsatta.

slavish : (adj.) dāsopama; dāsasadisa.

slavishly : (adv.) dāsākārena.

slay : (v.t.) hanati; ghāteti; māreti. (pp.) hata; ghātita; mārita.

slayer : (m.) ghātetu; hantu.

sled : (nt.) acakkahimayāna. (v.i.) himayānena yāti.

sledge : (nt.) acakkahimayāna. (v.i.) himayānena yāti.

sleek : (adj.) siliṭṭha; siniddha. (v.t.) maṭṭhaṃ or siliṭṭhaṃ karoti. (pp.) maṭṭhakata.

sleekly : (adv.) saṇhākārena.

sleeky : (adj.) vañcanasīla; upajappaka.

sleep : (f.) niddā; seyyā. (nt.) soppa. (v.i.) niddāyati; sayati; supati.

sleeper : (m.) sayitu.

sleepful : (adj.) niddālu; niddābahula.

sleepiness : (f.) niddālutā; middhaparetatā.

sleeping : (adj.) sayāna; sayamāna.

sleepless : (adj.) vigatanidda; jāgaranta.

sleeplessness : (m.) niddāvigama.

sleepy : (adj.) niddālu; niddhapareta.

sleet : (f.) jalamissita-himavuṭṭhi. (v.i.) himamissaṃ vassati.

sleeve : (m.) kañcukahattha.

sleigh : see Sled.

sleight : (nt.) 1. nepuñña; 2. sāṭheyya; upāyakosalla.

sleight of hand : (nt.) indajāladassana.

slender : (adj.) tanu; kisa; appaka.

slenderness : (n.) tanutta; kisatta.

slice : (f.) pesikā. (m.) phāla. (v.t.) pesīkaroti; sallikhati. (pp.) pesīkata; sallikhita.

slicer : (m.) pesīkāraka.

slick : (adj.) 1. catura; 2. cāṭukāma; upajappaka. (adv.) anūnaṃ sampuṇṇaṃ.

slide : (v.i.) visappati; ṭhānā cavati. (pp.) visappita; ṭhānācuta. (v.t.) ṭhānā cāveti. (pp.) ṭhānā cāvita. (f.) opātapanāḷika.

sliding : (nt.) opatana; visappana.

slight : (adj.) appamattaka. (f.) avaññā. (m.) anādara. (v.t.) avamaññati. (pp.) avamata.

slightly : (adv.) appavasena.

slim : see Slender.

slime : (m.) sevāla. (nt.) cikkhalla. (v.t.) sevālena onahati. (v.i.) silesitāya gahaṇā muñcati. (pp.) sevālonaddha; silesitāya gahaṇā mutta.

slimily : (adv.) kapaṭatāya; cāṭukamyatāya.

slimly : (adv.) nikatiyā; upāyena.

slimness : (nt.) kisatta; tanutta; upāyakosalla.

slimy : (adj.) 1. silesayutta; agahaṇūpaga; 2. vañcanaka; 3. upalālaka.

sling : (nt.) sakkharāvijjhakayanta. (v.t.) sakkharā vijjhati. (pp.) sakkharā viddha.

slink : (m.) ayathākāle jātavaccha. (v.i.) nilīyitvā apakkamati. (v.t.) 1. migīgabbhaṃ pāteti; 2. kāle aparipuṇṇe pasaveti. (pp.) nilīyitvā apakkanta; gabhapātimigi; aparipuṇṇe pasavita.

slip : (nt.) pakkhalana; khalita. (m.) tanupaṭṭikā; antaravāska. (f.) cimilikā; saṅkhalikā. (v.i.) 1. khalati; visappati; 2. muñcitvā yāti; alakkhito palāyati; 3. khalitam āpatati.

slip away : anabhilakkhito apakkamati.

slip shod : (adj.) sadosa.

slippery : (adj.) 1. picchila; khalanasabhāva; 2. asaddahitabba; agaṇeyya.

slipper : (f.) pādukā. (nt.; m.) upāhana.

slit : (m.) dīghapaṭṭa. (v.t.) dīghaso chindati or phāleti. (pp.) dīghaso chinna; dīghaso phālita.

slitter : (v.t.) pakkhalanto visappati.

sliver : (f.) dārusakalikā. (v.t.) sakalīkaroti. (v.i.) sakalībhavati. (pp.) sakalīkata; sakalībhūta.

slobber : (f.) paggharitalālā; atimamāyanā. (v.i.) 1. khelaṃ paggharāpeti; khelena makkheti; 2. asammā kiccaṃ karoti. (pp.) paggharāpitakhela; khelena makkhita; asammākatakicca.

slobbery : (adj.) lālākilinna; khelapaggharāpaka.

slog : (v.t.) daḷham abhihanati. (pp.) daḷham abhihata. (v.i.) āyāsena kammaṃ karoti. (pp.) āyāsena katakamma.

sloger : (m.) daḷhābhighātī.

sloop : (f.) ekakūpaka-nāvā.

slop : (nt.) malinajala. (m.) kacavara. (nt.; plu.) peyyavatthu; nāvikanivāsana. (v.t.) malinajalena temeti. (pp.) malinajalena temita.

slop basin : (f.) avakkārapāti.

slop seller : (m.) nivāsanavāṇija.

slop shop : (m.) nivāsanāpaṇa.

slope : (nt.) poṇatta; pabbhāratta. (v.i.) paṇībhavati. (v.t.) poṇīkaroti. (pp.) poṇībhūta; poṇīkata.

sloppiness : (m.) palipa.

sloping : (adj.) poṇa; ninna.

sloppy : (adj.) sakaddama.

sloth : (nt.) ālasya; kosajja. (f.) tandī.

sloth bear : (m.) madhubakkhī-accha.

slothful : (adj.) alasa; kusīta; tandita.

slothfully : (adv.) ālasiyena; kosajjena.

slothfulness : (f.) ālasiyābhibhūtatā.

slouch : (f.) asobhanagati. (v.i.) onatasīsena gacchati.

Slough : (m.) nimmoka; jiṇṇataca; mahāpaṅka. (v.t.) nimmokam apaneti. (pp.) apanītanimmoka.

Slough of a serpent : (m.) nimmoka.

sloven : (adj.) 1. malina; asobhana; 2. dandha.

slow : (adj.) dandha; manda; manthara; asīgha. (adv.) mandaṃ; sanikaṃ. (v.t.) mandīkaroti; vegaṃ hāpeti.

slow paced : (adj.) mandagāmī.

slow-worm : (m.) gaṇḍuppāda.

slowly : (adv.) mandamandaṃ; sanikaṃ; aturitaṃ.

slowness : (nt.) asīghatta; aturitatta.

slubber : (v.t.) paṅkādīhi dūseti. (v.i.) asakkaccaṃ karoti. (pp.) paṅkādīhi dūsita; asakkaccaṃ kata.

sludge : (m.) ghanakalala. (f.) jambālī.

sludgy : (adj.) sakaddama; kalalībhūta.

slug-abed : (m.) ussūrasāyī.

sluggard : (m.) alasa; kusīta; mandaviriya.

sluggish : (adj.) olīna; mandussāha.

sluggishly : (adv.) olīnatāya; kusītākārena.

sluggishness : (nt.) ālassa; ālasiya.

sluice : (m.) vāpijalaniggama. (nt.) jaladvāra.

sluicy : (adj.) sandamānaka.

slum : (m.) duggatajanāvāsappadesa. (v.i.) duggatāvāsaṃ passati.

slumber : (f.) pacalayanā. (v.i.) pacalāyati; middhī hoti. (pp.) pacalāyita; middhī bhūta.

slummock : (v.t.) giddhākārena gilati. (pp.) giddhākārena gilita.

slump : (nt.) sahasā-agghapatana. (v.i.) aggho osīdati.

slur : (m.) apavāda. (nt.) abbhācikkhaṇa. (v.t.) 1. sammissetvā katheti or gāyati; 2. kalaṅketi; dūseti. (pp.) samissetvā kathita or gāyita; kalaṅkita; dūsita.

slush : (m.) tintakaddama; asabbhagantha. (nt.) vilīyamānahita.

slut : (f.) adhamanārī; kulaṭā.

sluttish : (adj.) kulaṭāsadisa.

sly : (adj.) saṭha; kūṭa; kapaṭa.

slyly : (adv.) saṭhena.

slyness : (nt.) sāṭheyya.

smack : (m.) rasalesa; pāṇippahāra. (nt.) saññāmatta; oṭṭhāhanana; sasaddacumbana. (f.) khuddakanāvā. (v.i.) 1. rasaleso ñāyati; 2. tālussaraṃ pavatteti. (v.t.) pāṇinā paharati. (adv.) daḷhaṃ; sahasā.

smacker : (m.) sasaddappahāra. (nt.) daḷhacumbana; mahattaravatthu.

small : (adj.) 1. khuddaka; 2. appaka; thoka; 3. omaka.

small hand : (f.) khuddakakkharalipi.

small hours : (m.) pacchimayāma.

small talk : (m.) samphappalāpa.

small-minded : (adj.) anuḷārajjhāsaya.

smaller : (adj.) khuddakatara.

smallish : (adj.) īsaṃkhuddaka.

smallness : (nt.) khuddakatta.

smallpox : (f.) masūrikā.

smart : (f.) balavavedanā. (adj.) 1. sobhana; suvesa; 2. catura; dakkha; 3. khippābhiñña. (v.i.) tibbavedanaṃ vindati.

smarten : (v.t.) samuttejeti. (pp.) samuttejita.

smartly : (adv.) 1. sīghaṃ; 2. sobhanākārena.

smartness : (nt.) 1. paṭutta; 2. sobhanatta.

smash : (v.t.) cuṇṇeti; cuṇṇavicuṇṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) cuṇṇita; cuṇṇavicuṇṇīkata. (nt.) cuṇṇīkaraṇa. (f.) dhanahāni. (m.) daḷhappahāra.

smatter : (v.i.) lesamattaṃ jānāti. (pp.) lesamattañāta.

smatterer : (m.) bahussutamānī.

smattering : (nt.) appassutatta. (m.) paṇḍitamāna.

smear : (m.) lepa-kalaṅka. (v.t.) ālepeti; abbhañjati; añjeti; makkheti; vilepeti. (pp.) ālitta; abbhañjita; añjita; makkhita; vilitta.

smeary : (adj.) lepakalaṅkita.

smell : (m.) gandha. (v.t.) ghāyati; āghāyati; siṅghati. (pp.) ghāyita; āghāyita; siṅghita. (v.i.) vāyati; gandhaṃ sūceti. (pp.) vāyita; sūcitagandha.

smelling : (nt.) ghāyana; siṅghana. (adj.) gandhayutta; ghāyamāna.

smelt : (v.t.) (lonaṃ) vilīyāpeti. (pp.) vilīyapita.

smelter : (m.) vilīyāpaka.

smeltery : (nt.) lohavilīyāpanaṭṭhāna.

smile : (nt.) sita; mihita. (m.) mandahāsa. (v.i.) mandaṃ hasati; sitaṃ pātukaroti. (pp.) mandaṃ hasita; sitaṃ pātukata.

smiling : (adj.) hasamāna; mihitayutta.

smilingly : (adv.) mihitapubbakaṃ.

smirch : (m.) kalaṅka. (v.t.) kalaṅketi; kalusayati. (pp.) kalaṅkita; kalusayita.

smirk : (m.) vyājahāsa. (v.i.) vyājena hasati.

smirky : (adj.) vyājahāsa-bahula.

smite : (v.t.) paṭihanati; daḷhaṃ paharati. (pp.) paṭihata; daḷhaṃ pahaṭa.

smith : (m.) kammāra; lohakāra.

smithing : (nt.) lohakamma.

smithy : (f.) kammārasālā.

smock : (m.) bāhirakañcuka.

smoke : (m.) dhūma. (v.i.) dhūmāyati; dhūmapānaṃ karoti. (v.t.) dhūmena sukkhāpeti. (pp.) dhūmāyita; katadhūmapāna; dhūmena sukkhāpita.

smoker : (m.) dhūmapāyī.

smoking : (nt.) 1. dhūmāyana; 2. dhūmapāna.

smoking pipe : (nt.) dhūmanetta.

smokeless : (adj.) vidhūma.

smoky : (adj.) dhūmāvuta.

smooth : (adj.) 1. maṭṭa; maṭṭha; siliṭṭha; siniddha; saṇha; 2. acala; akkhobha; 3. nirāyāsa. (v.t.) 1. saṇheti; parimajjati; 2. sameti; upasameti. (pp.) saṇhita; parimaṭṭha; samita; upasamita.

smooth chinned : (adj.) nimmassuka.

smooth faced : (adj.) sommānana; bhadramukha.

smooth-tongued : (adj.) sakhilavāca; piyaṃvada.

smoothly : (adv.) saṇhākārena.

smoothness : (nt.) maṭṭhatta; saṇhatta. (m.) akkhobha; upasama.

smother : (m.) dhūmapaṭala; dhūlipaṭala. (v.t.) 1. sāsam avarodheti; sāsarodhanena māreti; 2. aticumbanādhīhi viheseti; bhasmanā aggiṃ paṭicchādeti; 4. rahassaṃ rakkhati. (v.i.) kicchena sasati. (pp.) avorodhitasāsa; sāsarodhanena mārita; aticumbanādīhi vihesita; paṭicchāditaggi; rakkhitarahassa.

smoulder : (nt.) antojhāyana. (m.) vītaccikaṅgāra. (v.i.) 1. antojhāyati; padhūpāyati; 2. gūḷhaṃ pavattati. (pp.) antojhāyita; padhūpāyita; gūḷhaṃ pavattita.

smouldering : (adj.) pakkaṭṭhita.

smudge : (v.t.) masiādīhi dūseti. (v.i.) malinībhavati. (nt.) masiciṇha. (m.) makasavārakadhūma.

smug : (adj.; 3.) attatuṭṭha; yathālābhatuṭṭha.

smuggle : (v.t.) suṅkam adatvā bhaṇḍaṃ harati; theyyena harati or āharati.

smuggler : (m.) theyya-bhaṇḍahārī; suṅkaparihārī.

smuggling : (nt.) theyyabhaṇḍaharaṇa.

smugness : (f.) yathā-lābhatuṭṭhi.

smut : (nt.) masimakkhitaṭṭhāna. (f.) asabbhakathā. (v.t.) kalaṅketi; malinayati. (pp.) kalaṅkita; malinayita.

smutch : see Smudge.

smutty : (adj.) 1. kalaṅkita; 2. asabbhayutta.

snail : (m.) manthara; thalasambuka. (v.t.) manthare rāsīkaroti.

snail slow : (adj.) atipapañcaka; atimandagatika.

snake : see Serpent.

snake-catcher : (m.) ahiguṇṭhika.

snake-fang : (f.) āsī.

snake-gourd : (m.) paṭola.

snaky : (adj.) 1. āsivisūpama; 2. kuṭila.

snap : (nt.) 1. bhañjana; 2. sahasā gahaṇa or ḍasana; 3. kopena kathana. (v.t.) 1. sahasā ḍassati or bhañjati; 2. kipena katheti; 3. accharaṃ paharati; 4. acchindivā gaṇhāti. (pp.) sahasā daṭtha or bhaṭṭha; kopena kathita; accharaṃ pahaṭa; acchindivā gahita || in a snap: (adv.) muhuttena.

snappish : (adj.) kodhana; kaṭukavāca.

snappishly : (adv.) pharusākārena; sakopaṃ.

snapping : (nt.) sahasā-gahaṇa. (m.) accharāsadda.

snapshot : (nt.) sahasā-gahitachāyārūpa.

snare : (m.) pāsa. (f.) vākarā; migabandhinī. (v.t.) pāse yojeti; pāsena bandhati. (pp.) pāsayojita; pāsabaddha. || snare of craving : (f.) bhavanetti. (m.) taṇhāpāsa.

snarl : (m.) kakkasadda. (nt.) ghuru-ghurāyana. (v.i.t.) ghuru-ghurāyati; kakkasasaddaṃ pavatteti (pp.) ghuru-ghurāyita; pavattitakakkasasadda.

snatch : (nt.) acchindana; pasayhagahaṇa. (v.t.i.) acchindati; pasayha gaṇhāti. (pp.) acchinna; pasayha gahita.

snatch off : avaharati; theneti.

snatch out : uppāṭeti; ummūleti.

sneak : (m.) hīnalāmakapuggala. (v.i.t.) 1. rahasi vicarati; 2. kucchitaṃ carati; 3. pesuññaṃ bhaṇati; 4. theneti. (pp.) rahasi vicarita; kucchitaṃ carita; pesuññaṃ bhaṇita; thenita.

sneakingly : (adv.) gārayhākārena.

sneck : (nt.) aggala. (m.) dvārabandha. (v.t.) aggalena pidahati; dvāraṃ bandhati. (pp.) aggalena pihita; baddhadvāra.

sneer : (f.) avaññā; ohīḷanā. (v.t.) avahasati. (v.i.) avaññaṃ dasseti. (pp.) avahasita; dassitāvañña.

sneerer : (m.) ohīḷaka.

sneeringly : (adv.) sāvamānaṃ; sopahāsaṃ.

sneeze : (nt.) khipita. (v.i.) khipati.

sneezing : (adj.) khipanta.

sneezy : (adj.) khipitabahula.

snick : (m.) khuddaka-cheda. (v.t.) agambhīraṃ khataṃ sampādeti.

snicker : (v.i.) pajagghati. (pp.) pajagghita.

snide : (adj.) kūṭa; kittima.

sniff : (nt.) upasiṅghana. (v.i.) upasiṅghati.

sniffy : (adj.) gabbita; ohīḷaka.

snigger : (m.) saniggaha-hāsa. (v.i.) sopahāsaṃ hasati.

snip : (m.) chinnakhaṇḍa. (v.t.) kattarikāya sīghaṃ chindati. (pp.) kattarikāya sīghaṃ chinna.

snipe : (m.) vaṭṭaka.

snivel : (nt.) vyājarodana; siṅghānikāpaggharaṇa. (v.i.) siṅghānikaṃ muñcanto rodati.

snob : (m.) attukkaṃsī; vyājadappita.

snobbish : (adj.) attukkaṃsaka; nikiṭṭha.

snobbishness : (f.) attama-hattakāmitā.

snooze : (f.) appaniddā. (v.i.) thokaṃ sayati.

snore : (f.) ghurughurāyanā; kākacchanā. (v.i.) kākacchati; ghurughurāyati.

snoring : (adj.) kākacchamāna.

snort : (m.) nāsārāva. (v.i.) nāsāya ravati.

snot : (f.) siṅghāṇikā.

snotty : (adj.) siṅghāṇikābahula.

snout : (nt.) sanāsika-mukha; (sūkara-) tuṇḍa. (f.) soṇḍā.

snow : (nt.) hima; tuhina. (m.) nīhāra. (v.i.) himaṃ patati. (pp.) patitahima.

snow white : mimadhavala.

snowball : (f.) himaguḷikā.

snowdrift : (f.) himasaṃhati.

snowfall : (f.) himavuṭṭhi.

snowplough : (f.) himanaṅgala.

snowstorm : (f.) tuhinavuṭṭhi.

snowy : (adj.) 1. himayutta; 2. himasadisa.

snub : (f.) ohīḷanā. (v.t.) 1. omāneti; ohīḷeti; 2. vaḍḍhiṃ nivāreti. (pp.) omānita; ohīḷita; vaḍḍhiṃ nivārita.

snub nosed : (adj.) cipiṭanāsika.

snuff : (nt.) nāsācuṇṇa. (v.t.) nāsācuṇṇam ādāti; dīpavaṭṭiṃ saṅkharati. (pp.) ādinnanāsācuṇṇa; saṅkhatadīpavaṭṭika.

snuffbox : (m.) nāsācuṇṇakaraṇḍa.

snuffers : (m.; plu.) dīvavaṭṭisaṅkhāraka.

snuffle : (v.t.) 1. anusāsikasdaaṃ pavatteti; 2. kicchena sasati.

snuffler : (m.) mammana.

snuffout : (dīpaṃ) nibbāpeti.

snug : (adj.) succhanna; sugutta.

snuggery : (nt.) suguttaṭṭhāna.

snuggle : (v.i.) samīpe sayati.

snugly : (adv.) yathāsukhaṃ.

so : (adv.; conj.) tathā; tādisaṃ; itthaṃ || howsoever: yena kenaci ākārena; whatsoever: yaṃ kiñci ; wheresoever: yatthakatthaci; whosoever: yo koci.

so also : (ind.) tath'eva.

so and so : (adj.) asuka.

so as : (ind.) viya.

so big : (adj.) tāvamahanta.

so called : (adj.) saṅkhāta.

so far : (adv.) ettāvatā.

so long : (adv.) tāvatā.

so long as : (adv.) yāva kīvaṃ.

so much so : (ind.) apissu.

soak : (v.t.) kiledeti; temeti. (v.i.) kiledīyati. (pp.) kiledita; temita.

soaker : (f.) mahāvuṭṭhi. (m.) surāsoṇḍa.

soap : (nt.) nahānīya.

soap berrytree : (m.) pheṇila.

soapy : (adj.) pheṇabahula.

soar : (v.i.) uḍḍeti; upari ḍeti. (pp.) uḍḍita.

soaring : (nt.) uḍḍīyana.

sob : (m.) gaggada. (v.i.) sagaggadaṃ rodati.

sober : (adj.) 1. santa; dhīra; 2. nimmada; amatta. (v.t.) amattaṃ or upasantaṃ karoti. (pp.) amattakata.

soberly : (adv.) santākārena.

soberness : (nt.) santatta; nimmadatta.

sobriquet : (nt.) parihāsanāma.

sociability : (f.) samānattatā.

sociable : (adj.) 1. susīla; 2. saṅgamappiya.

sociably : (adv.) mittākārena.

social : (adj.) samājahita; mahājanika.

socialist : (m.) samasambhogavādī; samājahitakārī.

society : (f.) samiti; parisā. (m.) samāgama || fond of society: (adj.) saṅgaṇikārata.

sociologist : (m.) samājadhammavedī.

sociology : (f.) samājadhammavijjā.

sock : (nt.) rassa-pādāvaraṇa. (v.t.) 1. khipati; 2. laguḷena paharati. (pp.) khitta; laguḷena pahaṭa.

socket : (nt.) kuhara.

sod : (m.) saddala. (v.t.) saddala khaṇḍehi attharati or āvarati. (pp.) saddala khaṇḍehi attata or āvaṭa.

soda : (nt.) sodhakalavaṇa.

sodden : (adj.) 1. atitinta; atikilinna; 2. atisayena matta. (v.t.) adhikaṃ temeti. (v.i.) atikiledīyati. (pp.) adhikaṃ temita; atikiledita.

sodomy : (nt.) purisamethuna.

soever : (suf.)

sofa : (m.) pallaṅka; mañcaka.

soft : (adj.) 1. mudu; komala; 2. (in speech : ) sakhila; 3. (tender : ) sikhumāla; sukumāra; 4. dubbala; 5. mūḷha.

soft-hearted : (adj.) muducitta.

soften : (v.t.) 1. muduṃ karoti; 2. upasameti. (v.i.) mudubhavati. (pp.) mudukata; upasamita; mudubhūta.

softish : (adj.) īsaṃ muduka.

softishly : (adv.) muduṃ; sanikaṃ; saṇhākārena.

softishness : (nt.) maddava; komalatta.

soggy : see Sodden.

soil : (f.) mattikā; bhūmi. (nt.) paṃsu. (v.t.) dūseti; malinīkaroti. (pp.) sūsita; malinīkata.

sojourn : (m.) kālikavāsa; aciravāsa. (v.i.) tāvakālikaṃ vasati.

sojourner : (m.) aciranivāsī.

sojourning : (m.) aciravāsa.

solace : (m.) assāsa. (v.t.) assāseti; samassāseti. (pp.) assattha or assāsita.

solar : (adj.) suriyāyatta.

solarium : (adj.; f.) ātapasālā.

solder : (nt.) sandahanaka-loha. (v.t.) lohabhaṇḍaṃ sandhāneti. (pp.) sandhānitalohabhaṇḍa.

solderer : (m.) lohasandhānakārī.

soldier : (m.) yuddhabaṭa; yodhājīvī; balattha.

soldierly : (adj.) yodhasama.

soldiership : (f.) saṅgāmasūratā.

soldiery : (f.) balasenā.

sole : (nt.) pādatala. (v.t.) pādukātalāni sampādeti or yojeti. (pp.) yojitapādukā-tala. (adj.) kevala; ekaka; adutiya.

solecism : (m.) 1. asuddhappayoga; 2. avinītabhāva.

solecistic : (adj.) ocityahīna.

solemn : (adj.) 1. atisanta; 2. atigambhīra; 3. cārittavidhipubbaka.

solemnity : (f.) garutā; santatā. (m.) carittavidhi.

solemnly : (adv.) santatāya; cārittavidhipubbakaṃ.

soleness : (nt.) kevalatta. (f.) adutiyatā.

solicit : (v.t.) āyācati; abhiyācati. (pp.) āyācita; abhiyācita.

solicitant : (m.) abhiyācaka.

solicitation : (f.) abhiyācanā.

solicitor : (m.) 1. āyācaka; 2. nītividū.

solicitous : (adj.) cintāpara; avupasantacitta.

solicitously : (adv.) cintāparatāva; sākaṅkhaṃ.

solicitude : (f.) 1. pajjhāyanā; 2. ukkaṇṭhitatā; 3. ākaṅkhā.

solid : (adj.) ghana; thira. (m.) ekaghana; ghanībhūta.

solid measure : (nt.) ghanamāṇa.

solidarity : (nt.) ekamatikatta. (m.) samānasambhoga.

solidification : (nt.) ghanīkaraṇa; thirīkaraṇa.

solidify : (v.t.) ghanattaṃ or thirattaṃ pāpeti. (v.i.) ghanībhavati.

solidity : (nt.) ghanatta; thiratta.

solidly : (adv.) thiraṃ; daḷhaṃ.

solidness : (nt.) ghanatta; thiratta.

solidungular : (adj.) abhinnakhura.

soliloquist : (m.) ekākī-bhāsaka.

soliloquise : (v.i.) ekākī bhāsati.

soliloquy : (nt.) ekākībhāsana.

soliped : (m.) abhinnakhura-pasu.

solitarily : (adv.) savivekaṃ; ekākitāya.

solitariness : (m.) paviveka; ekākībhāva.

solitary : (adj.) ekākī; nissaṅga; adutiya; vivitta. (m.) samaṇa; tāpasa.

solitude : (m.) viveka. (nt.) paṭisallāna; vivittaṭṭhāna.

solstice : (m.) ayanakāla || winter solstice: (nt.) dakkhiṇāyana.

soluble : (adj.) vilīyanakkhama; vissajjanāraha.

solution : (nt.) vilīyana; vilīnavatthu; vyākhyāna; vivaraṇa.

solutive : (adj.) 1. vilīyāpanaka; 2. virecanaka.

solvability : (nt.) vilīyanīyatta; vissajjanasāmatthiya.

solvable : (adj.) vivaraṇīya; vissajjanakkhama.

solve : (v.t.) 1. vyākhyāti; visadīkaroti; 2. vilīyāpeti. (pp.) vyākhyāta; visadīkata; vilīyāpita.

solvency : (nt.) iṇasodhanasamattha.

solvent : (adj.; n.) 1. vilīyāpanaka; 2. iṇasodhanasamattha.

somatic : (adj.) kāyika; kāyapaṭibaddha.

somatology : (f.) kāykavijjā.

sombre : (adj.) malinavaṇṇa; dhūsara; nippabha.

sombrely : (adv.) nippabhākārena.

sombreness : (nt.) nippabhatta.

sombrously : (adv.) nirānandaṃ; nippadaṃ.

some : (adj.; pron.) eka; ekacca; ekatiya; 2. (quantity : ) thoka; kiñci; appaka. (adv.) pāyo.

some people : ekacce.

somebody : koci.

somehow : yathā kathañ ci.

somehow or other : yena kena ci ākārena.

someone : koci.

somersault : (nt.) avaṃsirakkhipana. (v.i.) uddhapādaṃ avaṃsiraṃ laṅgheti. (pp.) uddhapādaṃ avaṃsiraṃ laṅghita.

something : yaṃ kiñci.

sometime : (adj.) bhūtapubba.

sometimes : (adv.) kadāci; karahaci.

somewhat : (adv.) īsaṃ; thokaṃ; manaṃ.

somewhere : yattha katthaci.

somnambulate : (v.i.) niddāya āhiṇḍati.

somnambulism : (nt.) niddāyāhiṇḍana.

somnambulist : (m.) niddayāhiṇḍaka.

somniferous : (adj.) niddājanaka.

somniloquence : (nt.) niddāya jappana.

somniloquist : (m.) niddāya jappaka.

somnolent : (adj.) niddāsīlī; middhapareta.

son : (m.) putta; tanaya; tanuja; atraja; sūnu; suta.

son-in-law : (m.) jāmātu.

sonant : (nt.) ghosakkhara; dhanitakkhara.

song : (nt.) gīta. (f.) gītika.

songster : (m.) gāyaka.

songstress : (f.) gāyikā.

soniferous : (adj.) saddavāhaka.

sonless : (adj.) aputtaka.

sonnet : (nt.) cuddasapadikapajja.

sonometer : (nt.) savaṇa-māṇakayanta.

sonorific : (adj.) sadduppādaka; nādakara.

sonorous : (adj.) ninnādī; gambhīranādī.

sonorously : (adv.) 1. mahānādena; 2. sumadhuraṃ.

sonorousness : (f.) 1. madhurasaratā; 2. nādajanakatā.

sonship : (m.) puttabhāva.

soon : (adv.) sīghaṃ; khippaṃ; āsu; tuvaṭaṃ; aciraṃ; avilambitaṃ.

soot : (m.) masi. (nt.) kajjala. (v.t.) masinā lepeti or chādeti. (pp.) masilitta; chādita.

sooth : (nt.) sacca; taccha.

soothe : (v.t.) 1. upasameti; 2. lāleti. (pp.) upasamita; lālita || in soothe: (adv.) tathavasena.

soothe fast : (adj.) saccasandha.

soother : (m.) lālaka; upasametu.

soothing : (adj.) santikara; nibbāpaka. (nt.) upasamana; lālana.

soothsayer : (m.) nemittika; nimittapāṭhaka.

sooty : (adj.) masiyutta.

sop : (nt.) tinta-khādanīya; lālakavatthu. (m.) lañca. (v.t.) 1. kiledeti; 2. lañcaṃ deti. (pp.) kiledita; dinnalañca.

sophist : (m.) moghatakkī; vitaṇḍavādī.

sophistical : (adj.) kutakkamohaka.

sophisticate : (v.t.) moghatakkena dūseti.

sophistication : (nt.) micchātakkanena vivadana.

sophistism : (m.) vitaṇḍavāda.

sophistry : (m.) vitaṇḍavāda.

soporific : (adj.; n.) soppajanaka; niddājanaka.

sorcerer : (m.) vijjādhara; indajālika.

sorcery : (f.) māyā. (nt.) indajāla.

sordid : (adj.) 1. malina; 2. nīca; adhama; nikiṭṭha.

sordidly : (adv.) 1. malinākārena; 2. nīcākārena.

sordidness : (nt.) 1. malinatta; 2. nihīnatta.

sore : (m.) vaṇa; aru. (adj.) savedana; saruja; dukkhita. (adv.) bāḷhākārena.

sorely : (adv.) atisayena; tippaṃ; tibbaṃ.

soreness : (f.) rujā; vedanā.

sororal : (adj.) bhaginyāyatta.

sorrel : (f.) paṇṇambilikā.

sorrily : (adv.) sasokaṃ.

sorrow : (m.) soka; cittasantāpa. (f.) socanā. (v.i.) socati; anutapati. (pp.) socita; anutapita.

sorrow stricken : (adj.) sokapīḷita; sokātura.

sorrowful : (adj.) 1. sasoka; sokī; dummana; dukkhita; sokaṭṭa; 2. socanīya; khedāvaha.

sorrowfully : (adv.) sasokaṃ.

sorrowless : (adj.) nissoka.

sorrowlessness : (f.) nissokitā.

sorry : (adj.) 1. sokaṭṭa; khinna; dukkhita; 2. alakkhika; dīna; lāmaka; 3. dayāraha; socanīya.

sort : (m.) vaggabheda. (f.) visesajāti. (v.t.) vaggavasena viyojeti; uccināti. (pp.) vaggasena viyojita; uccinita.

sortable : (adj.) vaggīkātabba; jātivasena vibhajanīya.

sorter : (m.) vaggīkāraka.

sot : (m.) surādhutta. (v.t.) surāyamajjati.

sottish : (adj.) madamatta; surālola.

soul : (m.) atta; jīva || belonging to the soul: ajjhattika; attaniya.

soul stirring : (adj.) cittakkhobhakara.

soul theory : (f.) attadiṭṭhi.

soulful : (adj.) dhitimantu; saussāha.

soulfully : (adv.) dhīratāya.

soulless : (adj.) 1. anatta; acetana; 2. nirīha; nibbiriya.

soullessly : (adv.) nirīhatāya.

sound : (m.) sadda; nāda; rava; ghosa; dhani; ārāva; avitthata-samuddappadesa. (adj.) 1. agilāna; kalla; niroga; 2. avikala; akkhata; 3. niddosa; 4. acchidda; 5. daḷha. (v.i.) nadati; ravati; saddāyati. (v.t.) 1. nādeti; vādeti; 2. suṭṭhu vīmaṃsati; 3. jalagambhīrattaṃ mināti; 4. ajjhāsayaṃ pucchati. (pp.) nadita; ruta; saddāyita; suṭṭhu vīmaṃsita; mitajalagambhīratta; puṭṭhajjhāsaya. (adv.) daḷhaṃ; thiraṃ.

sounder : (m.) unnādī; vanasūkara. (nt.) saddapaṭiggāhakopakaraṇa.

sounding : (m.) jalamāṇa. (nt.) velāsannaṭṭhāna.

sounding line : (nt.) jalamāṇakasutta.

sounding-headed : (adj.) satimantu.

soundless : (adj.) nissadda.

soundness : (nt.) 1. kallatta; nirogatta; 2. akkhatatta; 3. daḷhatta.

soup : (m.) pātabba-sūpa.

sour : (adj.) 1. ambila; 2. kakkasa; appiya. (v.i.) ambilāyati. (v.t.) ambilattaṃ or appiyattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) ambilāyita; ambilattaṃ or appiyattaṃ pāpita.

source : (m.) pabhava. (nt.) ubbhavaṭṭhāna; nidāna; āyatana.

sourish : (adj.) mandambila.

sourly : (adv.) appiyākārena.

sourness : (nt.) ambilatta; kakkasatta.

south : (f.) dakkhiṇa-disā. (adj.) dakkhiṇa; apasavya.

south-pole : (m.) dakkhiṇakkha; assakaṇṇa.

Southeast : (adj.) dakkhiṇapubbā.

southern : (adj.) dakkhiṇāyatta.

southerner : (m.) dakkhiṇadisāvāsī.

southwards : (adv.) dakkhiṇābhimukkhaṃ.

Southwest : (f.) dakkhiṇapacchimā.

southwester : (m.) dakkhiṇapacchimavāta.

souvenir : (nt.) sārānīyavatthu.

sovereign : (adj.) sabbabhumma; parama; seṭṭha. (m.) adhirāja; mahārāja. (nt.) suvaṇṇa-nikkha.

sovereignty : (nt.) ekarajja; issariyādhipacca.

sow : (f.) varāhī; sūkarī. (v.t.) vapati. (pp.) vapita.

sower : (m.) vāpaka.

sowing : (nt.) vapana.

space : (m.) okāsa; ākāsa. (nt.) antara. (v.t.) antaraṃ ṭhapeti; anāsannaṃ karoti. (pp.) ṭhapitantara; anāsannaṃ kata.

space of time : (nt.) kālantara.

space-around : (nt.) parikkamana.

spacious : (adj.) urunda; mahanta; asambādha.

spade : (m.) kuddāla; khaṇittivisesa. (v.t.) kuddālena khaṇati. (pp.) kuddālena khata.

spadeful : (nt.) khaṇittipūra.

spado : (m.) napuṃsaka.

spalpeen : (m.) nīcapuggala.

span : (f.) vidatthi. (nt.) vitthatappamāṇa. (v.t.) 1. (vidatthiyā) miṇāti; 2. antaraṃ chādetvā tiṭṭhati. (pp.) mita; antaraṃ chādetvā tiṭṭhita.

spangle : (nt.) ujjala-vibhūsaṇa. (v.t.) ujjalavatthūhi bhūseti. (pp.) ujjalavatthūhi bhūsita.

spank : (v.t.) paharitvā assam uyyojeti. (pp.) paharitvā jitassa. (m.) 1. assuyyojaka; 2. javanassa.

spanner : (m.) vyāvattanī-saṇḍāsa; setupassa-sambandhaka.

spar : (m.) dīgha-vaṭṭa-daṇḍa. (nt.) muṭṭhiyuddha. (v.t.) muṭṭhīhi yujjhati. (pp.) muṭṭhīhi yujjhita.

spare : (adj.) 1. atiritta; avasiṭṭha; vinimmutta; 2. kisa; virala. (v.t.) 1. parivajjeti; 2. parimoceti; 3. atirittaṃ karoti. (pp.) parivajjita; parimocita; atirittaṃ kata.

sparely : (adv.) viralvasena.

spareness : (nt.) viralatta.

sparing : (adj.) mitabbaya.

sparingly : (adv.) pamāṇayuttaṃ; mitabbayena.

spark : (nt.) vipphuliṅga; phuliṅga. (v.t.) phuliṅgāni vissajjeti. (pp.) vissaṭṭhaphuliṅga.

sparkle : (v.i.) vipphurati.

sparkling : (adj.) vipphuranta.

sparklingly : (adv.) vipphuraṇākārena.

sparrow : (m.) kalaviṅka; caṭaka.

sparse : (adj.) virala; tanubhūta.

sparsely : (adv.) viralākārena.

spasm : (nt.) kāyaphandana. (m.) cittakkhobha.

spasmodic : (adj.) kālika-phandanayutta.

spate : (nt.) mahājalottharaṇa.

spatial : (adj.) okāsāyatta.

spatter : (nt.) binduvissajjana. (m.) pariseka. (v.t.) osiñcati; parisiñcati. (pp.) ositta; parisitta.

spawn : (nt.) macchaṇḍa. (v.i.) aṇḍani pasavati or vijāyati. (pp.) pasivitaṇḍa.

spay : (v.t.) gabbhāsayam apaneti. (pp.) apanītagabbhāsaya.

speak : (v.i.t.) katheti; bhāsati; vadati; bhaṇati; sallapati. (pp.) kathita; bhāsita; vutta; bhaṇita; sallapita.

speak about him : taṃ sandhāya bhāsati.

speak ill of : apavadati.

speak together : sambhāsati.

speak well of : pasaṃsati.

speakable : (adj.) kathanakkhama; kathanīya.

speaker : (m.) kathika; kathetu; vattu.

speaking : (nt.) kathana.

spear : (f.) satti; heti. (v.t.) sattiyā āhanati. (pp.) sattiyā āhata.

spear man : (m.) sattidhara.

special : (adj.) visesa; asādhāraṇa; āveṇika.

specialism : (nt.) visesañāṇa.

specialist : (m.) visesaññū.

speciality : (nt.) visiṭṭhatta.

specialise : (v.t.) visiṭṭhattaṃ labhati.

specially : (adv.) visesato.

specialty : (nt.) visesapaṭiññāpaṇṇa.

species : (f.) abhijāti. (m.) vaggabheda; jātivisesa.

specific : (adj.) visiṭṭha; paricchinna.

specifically : (adv.) odhiso; visesato.

specification : (nt.) niddhāraṇa; visesakaraṇa.

specify : (v.t.) viseseti; vibhajati; niddhāreti. (pp.) visesita; vibhatta; niddhārita.

specimen : (f.) ākati. (nt.) nidassana; paṭirūpa.

specious : (adj.) bahimanorama; saccābhāsa.

speciously : (adv.) saccābhāsamattena.

speck : (m.) tilaka; bindu.

speckle : (v.t.) bindūhi citteti. (pp.) bindūhi cittita. (m.) vaṇṇabindu.

speckled : (adj.) kammāsa.

speckless : (adj.) akalaṅka.

spectacle : (nt.) visiṭṭha-dassana. (nt.; plu.) upanetta.

spectacular : (adj.) visiṭṭhadassanāyatta.

spectator : (m.) pekkhaka; ullokaka.

spectral : (adj.) pisācasadisa.

spectre : (m.) pisāca; bhūta.

spectrum : (m.) tiyaṃsakāce dissamāna-chabbaṇṇa. (nt.) uggahanimitta.

speculate : (v.i.) vitakketi; cinteti; jhāyati; anumāneti. (pp.) vitakkita; cintita; jhāyita; anumānita.

speculation : (f.) vicāraṇā. (nt.) upanijjhāna.

speculator : (m.) vitakkī; vīmaṃsī; nijjhāyaka.

speech : (f.) kathā; vācā. (nt.) bhāsana; kathana || harsh-speech: (f.) pharusavācā; kind-speech: (nt.) peyyavajja; right-speech: (f.) sammāvācā.

speechless : (adj.) 1. tuṇhī; 2. mūga.

speed : (m.) vega; java. (v.i.) turitayati; vegaṃ janeti. (v.t.) sīghataraṃ kāreti. (pp.) turiyita; janitavega; sīghataraṃ kārita.

speedily : (adv.) sīghaṃ; turitaṃ.

speediness : (nt.) sīghatta; tiritatta.

speedy : (adj.) vegavantu; javasampanna.

spell : (nt.) manta; mohana; vasīkaraṇa. (v.i.) anvakkharaṃ uccāreti.

spell bound : (adj.) mohita; vasīkata.

spelling : (m.) akkharaviññāsa.

spelter : (nt.) tuttha.

spend : (v.t.i.) 1. vayaṃ karoti; vissajjeti; 2. (time : ) khepeti; vītināmeti. (pp.) vayaṃ kata; vissaṭṭha; khepita; vītināmita.

spendthrift : (adj.; m.) dhananāsaka.

sperm : (m.) sambhava. (nt.) sukha.

spermatism : (nt.) sukkamocana.

spew : (v.t.) vamati. (pp.) vamita.

sphere : (nt.) goḷa; goḷaka; maṇḍala; āyatana; visayaṭṭhāna. (m.) āvaṭṭa.

sphere rule : (nt.) khuddakagoḷa.

spherical : (adj.) goḷākāra; parimaṇḍala.

spherically : (adv.) goḷākārena.

spherics : (f.) goḷamāṇakavijjā.

spheroid : (nt.) upagoḷaka.

sphinx : (m.) nārīmukhasīha; guttasabhāva.

sphygmic : (adj.) rattadhāvanāyatta.

spice : (nt.) kaṭukabhaṇḍa. (v.t.) kaṭukabhaṇḍaṃ pakkhipati. (pp.) pakkhittakaṭukabhaṇḍa.

spicery : (m.) katukabhaṇḍasamūha.

spicily : (adv.) dassanīyākārena.

spick : (adj.) abhinavatara; atinūtana.

spicy : (adj.) 1. kaṭukabhaṇḍayojita; 2. sobhana; 3. kaṭukārāra.

spider : (f.) lūtikā. (m.) uṇṇanābhi; makkaṭaka.

spider web : (nt.) lūtikājāla; makkaṭasutta.

spidery : (adj.) lūtāsadisa; atikisa.

spiflicate : (v.t.) 1. bhusaṃ ṭāḷeti; 2. cittaṃ vyākulayati. (pp.) bhusaṃ tāḷita; vyākulitacitta.

spike : (m.) khīla; saṅku; sūla. (f.) mañjarī; vallarī. (v.t.) 1. sūle āropeti; 2. saṅkūhi āvarati. (pp.) sūlāropita; saṅkūhi āvaṭa.

spile : (m.) 1. nāgadantaka; 2. mahākhīla.

spilling : (f.) khīlavati.

spill : (f.) dārupaṭṭikā. (nt.) paggharāpana; avassāvaṇa. (v.t.) paggharāpeti; bahi-pāteti. (v.i.) galati; paggharati; bahi patati. (pp.) paggharāpita; bahi-pātita; galita; paggharita; bahi patita.

spill-water : (m.) jalaniggama.

spin : (v.t.) 1. (suttaṃ) kantati; 2. bhamāpeti. (pp.) kantita; bhamāpita.

spinach : (f.) upodikālatā.

spinal : (adj.) piṭṭhikaṇṭakāyatta.

spindle : (f.) kantanasūci. (v.i.) kisībhavati. (pp.) kisībhūta.

spindle legged : (adj.) kisajaṅgha.

spindly : (adj.) kisadīgha.

spindrift : (nt.) vīcipheṇa. (m.) vīcisīkara.

spine : (m.) piṭṭhikaṇṭaka.

spineless : (adj.) piṭṭhikaṇṭakarahita.

spinner : (m.) suttakantaka.

spinning : (nt.) suttakantana.

spinous : (adj.) sapiṭṭhikaṇṭaka.

spinster : (f.) 1. vayappatta avivāhikā; 2. suttakantikā.

spinsterhood : (f.) avivāhikatā.

spiracle : (m.) khuddajantu-sāsanāḷā.

spiral : (m.) vyāvaṭṭa. (v.t.) vyāvaṭṭeti. (pp.) vyāvaṭṭita.

spire : (nt.) sikhara; siṅga. (f.) thūpikā; pāsādakaṇṇikā; āvaṭṭanī. (v.i.) sikharākārena uggacchati. (v.t.) sikharaṃ yojeti. (pp.) sikharākārena uggata; yojitasikhara.

spirit : (m.) 1. jīva; atta; 2. amaussa; bhūta; 3. cittasabhāva. 4. (liquor : ) āsava; 5. sāraṃsa; 6. uyyoga. (v.t.i.) 1. bhūtehi viya nīyati; antaradhāyati; 2. uttejeti. (pp.) bhūtehi viya nīta; antarahita; uttejita.

spirited : (adj.) mahussāha.

spiritedly : (adv.) saviriyaṃ.

spiritless : (n.) nitteja; hīnaviriya.

spiritlessly : (adv.) maṅkubhāvena; nittejatāya.

spiritual : (adj.) ajjhattika; mānasika.

spiritualism : (f.) bhūtavijjā.

spiritualist : (m.) attavādī; bhūtavejja.

spiritualise : (v.t.) ajjhattikattaṃ or parisuddhattaṃ pāpeti.

spiritually : (adv.) ajjhattikavasena; paramatthato.

spirt : (nt.) bahisandana. (v.t.) vegena bahi paggharāpeti. (v.i.) vegena bahi sadanti. (pp.) vegena bahi paggharāpita; vegena bahi sandita.

spiry : (adj.) sikharayutta.

spit : (nt.) maṃsasūla. (f.) bhūnāsikā. (v.t.) niṭṭhubhati; nicchāreti; sūlena or khaggena vijjhati. (pp.) niṭṭhubhita; nicchārita; sūlaviddha.

spite : (m.) viddesa. (v.t.) dubbhati; veraṃ bandhati; virujjhati. (pp.) dubbhita; baddhavera; viruddha || in spite of: (adv.) anādariyena.

spiteful : (adj.) viddesī; dubbhī; usūyaka.

spitefully : (adv.) issāya; viddesena.

spitfire : (m.) atikodhana.

spitting : (nt.) niṭṭhubhana.

spittle : (f.) lālā. (m.) khela.

spittoon : (m.) khelamallaka.

splanchnic : (adj.) antapaṭibaddha.

splash : (nt.) sittodaka. (m.) kalaṅka. (v.t.) udakaṃ or kaddamaṃ siñcati or khipati. (pp.) sittodaka; khittakaddama.

splash board : (m.) kaddamāvaraṇaphalaka.

splashy : (adj.) kaddamamakhita.

splatter : (v.i.) 1. udakapothana saddaṃ pavatteti; 2. anavagamanīyākārena katheti. (pp.) pavattitasada; anavagamanīyākārena kathita.

splatter dash : (m.) mahāghosa.

splatter faced : (adj.) vikaṭamukha.

splay : (adj.) anujubhūta; passato nikkhanta; asamakoṇaka. (v.t.) anujukaṃ sampādeti.

splay footed : (adj.) khaluṅkapāda.

spleen : (nt.) pihaka; domanassa. (m.) kopa.

spleenful : (adj.) kodhana; dummana.

spleenish : (adj.) kodhana; dummana.

splenalgia : (f.) pihakarujā.

splendent : (adj.) dittiyutta.

splendid : (adj.) 1. tejassī; mahānubhāva; samullasita; bhāsura; 2. seṭṭha; pasattha.

splendidly : (adv.) mahānubhāvena; atisundarākārena.

splendour : (m.) patāpa; pabhāva. (f.) sirivibhūti. (nt.) sirisobhagga.

splenetic : (adj.) kodhana; kopabahula.

splenic : (adj.) pihakanissita.

splice : (nt.) saṅghaṭana; sandhikaraṇa. (v.t.) saṅghaṭeti; sandhāneti. (pp.) saṅghaṭita; sandhānita.

splint : (nt.) dāruhīra.

splinter : (f.) sakalikā. (nt.) hīra. (v.t.) hīra-hīraṃ karoti. (pp.) hīrīkata.

splintery : (adj.) hīrasadisa.

split : (nt.) phulla; vivara. (v.t.) vidāreti; phāleti; vipāṭeti. (v.i.) phalati; bhijjati; vidālīyati. (pp.) vidārita; phālita; vipāṭita; phalita; bhinna; vidālita.

split bamboo : (nt.) bidala.

splitter : (m.) vidāraka; phāletu.

splitting : (nt.) vidālana; phālana.

splodge : (m.) kalaṅka.

splutter : (v.i.) 1 avyattaṃ katheti; 2. bindūni pāteti. (pp.) avyattaṃ kathita; pātitabindū.

spoil : (nt.) 1. vilutta-dhana; 2. abbhutaladdha. (v.t.) 1. padūseti; saṅkileseti; nāseti; 2. vilumpati; pasayha harati. (pp.) padūsita; saṅkilesita; nāsita; vilutta; pasayha haṭa.

spoiler : (m.) dūsaka; vilumpaka.

spoke : (m.) ara; cakkadanta. (v.t.) are yojeti. (pp.) yojitāra.

spoken : (pp. of speak), vutta; kathita; akkhāta.

spokesman : (m.) niyojitakathika.

spoliate : (v.t.) vilumpati. (pp.) vilutta.

spoliator : (m.) vilumpaka.

spolion : (nt.) 1. vilumpana; 2. sakkhilipidūsana.

sponge : (nt.) samuddāhicchatta. (v.t.) samuddāhicchattena sodheti or ubbaṭṭeti. (pp.) samuddāhicchattena sodhita or ubbaṭṭita.

sponger : (m.) parūpajīvī; parabhata.

sponginess : (nt.) chiddabahulatta.

spongy : (adj.) chiddāvacchiddaka; pariyādiyaka.

sponsion : (f.) pāṭibhogitā.

sponsor : (m.) pāṭibhoga; ārakkhaka.

spontaneous : (adj.) yādicchaka; sayañjāta.

spontaneously : (adv.) sahasā; yadicchāya; sayam eva.

spontaneousness : (f.) yādicchakatā; sābhāvikatā.

spoof : (nt.) sāṭheyya. (v.t.) vañceti.

spoofer : (m.) saṭha; vañcaka.

spook : (m.) pisāca.

spookish : (adj.) bhūtāviṭṭha.

spool : (m.) vaṭṭulāvaṭṭa.

spoon : (f.) dabbi. (m.) kaṭacchu; mandamati; adhimattasinehī. (v.t.) kaṭacchunā gaṇhāti or cāleti. (v.i.) adhimattasinehaṃ dasseti. (pp.) kaṭacchugahita or cālita; dassitātimattasineha.

spoon-fed : (adj.) dabbiposita; sakamatahīna.

spoonful : (nt.) kaṭacchupūra.

spoony : (adj.) muduka; pemātura.

spoor : (m.) migapadavalañja. (v.t.) (migānaṃ) gatamaggam anuyāti. (pp.) gatamaggam anuyāta.

sporadic : (adj.) tattha tattha jāyamāna; kālena kālaṃ sijjhamāna.

sporadically : (adv.) viralavasena.

spore : (nt.) sukhumabīja.

sport : (f.) keḷi; kīḷā. (m.) migava. (v.i.) dibbati; ramati; kīḷati.

sportful : (adj.) keḷisīla; khiḍḍāpasuta.

sportfully : (adv.) kīḷāvasena; sopahāsaṃ.

sportive : (adj.) keḷisīla; khiḍḍāpasuta.

sportively : (adv.) kīḷāvasena; sopahāsaṃ.

sportiveness : (nt.) khiḍḍābhiratatta.

sportsman : (m.) kīḷaka; migavakusala.

spot : (nt.) ṭhāna; ciṇha. (m.) bhūbhāga; padesa; tilaka; bindu; kālaṅka. (v.t.) 1. bindūhi citteti; 2. kalaṅketi; dūseti. (pp.) bindūhi cittita; kalaṅkita; dūsita.

spotless : (adj.) akalaṅka; niddosa.

spotted : (adj.) sabala; kammāsa.

spotty : (adj.) sabala; kammāsa.

spouse : (m.) bhattu; pati. (m.; plu.) (both together : ) dampatī; jāyāpatī; jānipatī; jayampatī. (f.) bhariyā; dutiyikā.

spouseless : (adj.) avivāhika.

spout : (f.) paṇāī. (v.t.) sīghaṃ nikkhāmeti or nicchāreti. (pp.) sīghaṃ nikkhāmita or nicchārita.

spouter : (m.) turitakathika.

sprag : (m.) cakarodhaka.

sprain : (nt.) kāyasandhipīḷana or vyāvaṭṭana. (v.t.) maṇibandhādikaṃ vyāvaṭṭeti. (pp.) maṇibandhādikaṃ vyāvaṭṭita.

sprat : (m.) sālimaccha.

sprawl : (v.t.) asammā pasāreti. (v.i.) hatthapāde pasāretvā nipajjati. (pp.) asammā pasārita; hatthapāde pasāretvā nipanna. (nt.) duppasāraṇa.

spray : (m.) sapuppha-sākhābhaṅga. (nt.) binduvasena patamāna-vatthu. (v.t.) binduvasena khipati. (pp.) binduvasena khitta.

spread : (nt.) pattharaṇa; visaraṇa. (v.t.) pasāreti; vitthāreti; vitanoti. (v.i.) pattharati; visarati. (pp.) pasārita; vitata; patthaṭa; visaṭa.

spread eagle : (m.) attasilāghī.

spread-over : opttarati. (pp.) otthaṭa.

spreading : (adj.) pattharamāna.

sprig : (f.) pasākhā.

sprightliness : (m.) uyyoga. (nt.) ussukatta.

sprightly : (adj.) sausāha; uyyogī.

spring : (m.) 1. (time : ) vasanta; 2. (of water : ) ubbhida; jalapasava; 3. (an elastic body : ) uplavaka; unnāmaka. (v.i.) (-up) 1. ubbhijjati; abbhudeti; 2. virūhati; 3. unnamati; plavati. (v.t.) jeneti; virūheti; uṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) ubbhinna; abbhudita; virūḷha; unnata; plavita; janita; virūhita; uṭṭhāpita.

spring of life : (nt.) navayobbana.

spring tide : (m.) adhika-uppāta.

spring-forth : nipphajjati.

spring-forward : pakkhandati.

springe : (nt.) khuddakapasubādhana.

springless : (adj.) anupplavaka.

springy : (adj.) parāvattanagatika.

sprinkle : (nt.) vikiraṇa. (f.) appavuṭṭhi. (v.t.) vikirati; siñcati. (pp.) vikiṇṇa; sitta.

sprinkling : (nt.) vikiraṇa; secana.

sprint : (v.i.) puṇṇajavena dhāvati. (nt.) sīghadhāvana.

sprite : (m.) pisāca; amanussa.

spirituous : (adj.) majjasārabahula.

sprout : (m.) aṅkura; kalīra. (v.i.) virūhati; aṅkurīyati. (pp.) virūḷha; aṅkurita.

spruce : (adj.) sumaṇḍita; pasādhita. (v.t.) maṇḍeti; pasādheti. (pp.) maṇḍita; pasādhita.

sprucely : (adv.) maṇḍitākārena.

spruceness : (nt.) sumaṇḍitatta.

spry : (adj.) catura; sūra.

spud : (f.) khuddaka-khaṇittī. (v.t.) uddharati. (pp.) uddhaṭa.

spume : (nt.) pheṇa. (v.i.) pheṇam uggacchati. (pp.) uggatapheṇa.

spumy : (adj.) pheṇabahula.

spunk : (f.) dhiti. (nt.) viriya. (m.) kopa.

spunky : (adj.) dhitimantu.

spur : (m.) pādukāpatoda; (of a cook : ) pādakaṇṭaka. (v.t.) patodena vijjhati; ussāheti; uttejeti. (pp.) patodaviddha; ussāhita; uttejita.

spurious : (adj.) kūṭa; kittima.

spuriously : (adv.) kūṭena; vyājena.

spuriousness : (m.) kūṭasabhāva. (f.) kittimatā.

spurn : (nt.) pāden'apaharaṇa. (v.t.) 1. pādena apaharati; 2. apasādeti. (pp.) pādena apahaṭa; apasādita.

spurt : (nt.) bahisandana. (v.t.) vegena bahi paggharāpeti. (v.i.) vegena bahi sadanti. (pp.) vegena bahi paggharāpita; vegena bahi sandita. (nt.) sahasā niccharaṇa. (v.i.) sahasā vegaṃ janeti. (pp.) sahasājanitavega.

sputter : (nt.) vegena kathana; sasadda-niccharana. (v.t.) vegena vyākulaṃ katheti. (pp.) vegena vyākulaṃ kathita.

sputum : (m.) khela.

spy : (m.) ocaraka; payuttaka; carapurisa. (v.t.) anabhilakkhito upaparikkhati.

squab : (adj.; n.) thullavāmana. (adv.) bāḷhapatanena. (m.) pārāpatapotaka. (f.) tūlabhisi.

squabble : (nt.) bhaṇḍana. (m.) kalaha. (v.i.t.) bhaṇḍeti; kalahaṃ karoti. (pp.) bhaṇḍita; katakalaha.

squabbler : (m.) kalahakārī.

squadron : (m.) yuddhanāvāgaṇa; bhaṭasamūha; assārohīgaṇa.

squalid : (adj.) malina; kucchita; adhama.

squalidness : (nt.) malinatta; dīnatta.

squalidity : (nt.) malinatta; dīnatta.

squall : (f.) vaddalikā. (nt.) viravana. (v.i.t.) viravati; vissaraṃ karoti. (pp.) viravita; vissaraṃ kata.

squaller : (m.) virāvakārī.

squally : (adj.) vaddalikāsahita.

squander : (v.t.) adhikavayaṃ karoti; dhanaṃ vināseti.

squanderer : (m.) dhananāsaka.

squanderingly : (adv.) niratthakavayena.

square : (nt.) samacaturassaka-vatthu; caturassaṅgaṇa. (adj.) 1. samacaturaṃsiaka; 2. avaṅka; 3. samabhūta; 4. anavajja; 5. anucchavika. (v.t.) 1. caturassattaṃ pāpeti; 2. guṇeti; 3. samāneti; 4. iṇaṃ sodheti. (pp.) caturassattaṃ pāpita; guṇita; samānita; sodhitaiṇa.

square deal : (m.) sādhāraṇavinimaya.

square meal : (nt.) yāvadatthabhojana.

square measure : (m.) ghanamāṇa.

square root : (nt.) guṇamūla.

squarely : (adv.) ujukaṃ.

squash : (nt.) abhimaddana; parimathana. (m.) lābuvisesa. (v.t.) parimaddati; abhimanthati. (pp.) parimaddita; abhimanthita.

squat : (nt.) ukkuṭikanisīdana. (v.i.) ukkuṭikaṃ nisīdati.

squatter : (m.) 1. ukkuṭikāsanika; 2. parabhūmibhogī.

squeak : (m.) tikhiṇarava. (v.i.) tikhiṇaṃ ravati or nadati.

squeaker : (m.) tikhiṇarāvī.

squeal : (m.) kaṭukasadda; aṭṭitassara. (v.i.) aṭṭitasaddaṃ pavatteti. (pp.) pavattitaṭṭitasadda.

squealer : (m.) aṭṭitasaddakārī.

squeamish : (adj.) niccakukkuccaka; 2. dubbala-gahaṇika.

squeamishly : (adv.) sakukkuccaṃ.

squeamishness : (nt.) kukkuccapakatatta; niccasaṅkitatta.

squeeze : (nt.) nippīḷana; maddana; 2. daḷhāliṅgana. (v.t.) 1. nippīḷeti; maddati; 2. daḷham āliṅgati. (pp.) nippīḷita; maddita; daḷham āliṅgita.

squeezer : (m.) nippīḷaka.

squib : (f.) aggisalākā; nindakalipi. (v.t.) omasavādena garahati. (pp.) omasavādena garahita.

squiffy : (adj.) īsaṃ-matta.

squint : (f.) kekaradiṭṭhi. (adj.) valira; kekara. (v.i.) valirākārena passati.

squint eyed : (adj.) valirakkhika; visamacakkhula.

squire : (m.) bhūmisāmī; janapadaseṭṭhī.

squirm : (nt.) ito c'ito pavaṭṭana. (v.i.) ito c'ito parivattati or visappati. (pp.) ito c'ito parivattita or visappita.

squirrel : (m.) kalandaka.

squirt : (nt.) siṅgaka. (v.t.) siṅgakena nicchāreti.

stab : (nt.) chūriyāhanana. (v.t.) chūriyā āhanati. (pp.) chūriyā āhata.

stabber : (m.) āhanaka.

stability : (nt.) thiratta; dhuvatta; ciraṭṭhitikatta.

stabilise : (v.t.) thirīkaroti. (pp.) thirīkata.

stable : (adj.) thira; acala; thāvara; dhuva; ciraṭṭhāyī. (f.) assasālā. (m.) pasunivāsa. (v.t.) assasālāya pakkhipati. (pp.) assasālāya pakkhitta.

stably : (adv.) thiraṃ; daḷhaṃ.

stack : (m.) (tiṇādīnaṃ) rāsi; puñja; sañcaya. (v.t.) puñjīkaroti; samāharati. (pp.) puñjīkata; samāhaṭa.

stactometer : (nt.) bindumāṇakayanta.

stadium : (nt.) samajjamaṇḍala. (f.) kīḷābhūmi.

staff : (f.) yaṭṭhi; kattarayaṭṭhi. (m.) daṇḍa; adhikārīgaṇa.

stag : (m.) sāraṅga; hariṇa.

stage : (nt.) raṅgatala; ussāpitaṭṭhāna; gamanappamāṇa. (m.) aṭṭāla; nāṭakagaṇa. (f.) avatthā; dasā; naccakalā. (v.t.) naccaṃ dasseti or payojeti. (pp.) payojitanacca.

stager : (m.) katahattha; ñāṇavuddha.

stagger : (v.i.) dolāyati; pakkhalati. (v.t.) saṃsayaṃ pāpeti; pakampeti. (pp.) dolāyita; pakkhalita; saṃsayaṃ pāpita; pakampita.

staggeringly : (adv.; m.) sapakkhalanaṃ.

stagnancy : (nt.) avahanatta; asuddhatta.

stagnant : (adj.) niccala; asuddha.

stagnate : (v.i.) nippasavo hoti; nappabhavati. (pp.) nippasavībhūta; nappabhavita.

stagnation : (nt.) niccalapavattana; ekattha-vattana.

staid : (adj.) thirasabhāva.

staidly : (adv.) thirasabhāvena.

staidness : (nt.) acalatta; thiratta.

stain : (m.) kalaṅka. (nt.) kalusa. (v.t.) kalaṅketi; dūseti; kalusayati. (pp.) kalaṅkita; dūsita; kalusayita.

stainer : (m.) kalaṅketu; dūsaka.

stainless : (adj.) akalaṅka; nimmala; vimala.

stair : (nt.) sopāṇa. (f.) ārohanī.

staircase : (m.) sopāṇapatha.

stake : (m.) sūla; saṅku; abbhuta; paṇa. (f.) thūṇā. (v.t.) sūlehi āvarati; sūle uttāseti. (pp.) paṇita; katabbhuta; sūlehi āvaṭa; sūle uttāsita.

stale : (nt.) gomutta; assamutta. (adj.) pārivāsika; virasa; navabhāvāpagata. (v.t.) 1. pārivāsikaṃ karoti; 2. omutteti. (pp.) pārivāsikaṃ kata; omuttita.

staleness : (nt.) pārivāsikatta.

stalk : (m.) nāḷa; daṇḍa. (nt.) vaṇṭa; gabbitagamana; pasucoriya. (v.i.) uddhatākārena vajati. (v.t.) raho anubandhati; pasuṃ coreti. (pp.) raho anubaddha; coritapasuka.

stalking horse : (m.) dīpakassa. (nt.) vyājadassana.

stall : (m.) ekapasuvaja; āpaṇavibhāga; khuddakāpaṇa. (nt.) gāyakāsana. (v.t.i.) 1. vaje nikkhipati; 2. paṅke cakkam osīdati; 3. dhāvanayantaṃ nivattati. (pp.) vaje nikkhitta; paṅke osīnacakka; nivattadhāvanayanta.

stall fed : (adj.) vaje posita.

stallage : (m.) āpaṇasuṅka.

stallion : (m.) anuddhaṭabījassa.

stalwart : (adj.; m.) thāmavantu; daḷhakāya.

stalwartness : (nt.) pabalatta.

stamen : (nt.) purisa-kesara. (m.) pupphareṇu.

stammer : (nt.) mammanatta. (v.i.) mammanāyati.

stammerer : (m.) mammana; khalitavāca.

stammeringly : (adv.) sagagadaṃ; mammanatāva.

stamp : (f.) muddā; muddikā. (nt.) lañchana. (m.) padapāta; padaghāta. (v.t.) 1. muddeti; lañcheti; 2. pādena bhūmim āhanati. (pp.) muddita; lañchita; bhūmyāhatapāda.

stampede : (nt.) sasambhamapalāyana. (v.i.) sasambhamaṃ palāyati.

stanch : (v.t.) santhambheti; sandanaṃ nivatteti. (pp.) santhambhita; nivattitasandana.

stanchion : (f.) upatthambhakathūṇā. (v.t.) upatthambhakaṃ yojeti.

stand : (m.) ādhāra; nissaya; virāma. (nt.) saṇṭhiti. (v.t.i.) 1. tiṭṭhati; avaṭṭhāti; 2. uṭṭhāti; 3. vattati; 4. sahati; dhāreti; 5. nivattati. (pp.) ṭhita; avaṭṭhita; uṭṭhita; vattita; sahita; dhārita; nivatta.

stand aside : passato tiṭṭhati.

stand back : apakkamati.

stand fast : patiṭṭhāti; adhiṭṭhāti; gādhati.

stand firmly : patiṭṭhāti; adhiṭṭhāti; gādhati.

stand-by : upatiṭṭhati.

stand-up : uttiṭṭhati; uṭṭhāti.

standard : (m.) dhaja; ketu. (f.) patākā. (adj.) pamāṇībhūta; nidassanabhūta.

standard bearer : (m.) dhajadhārī.

standing : (adj.) pavattamāna; tiṭṭhamāna. (nt.) pavattana; avaṭṭhāna; puggalikatatta.

standstill : santiṭṭhāti.

staple : (m.) aṅkusa. (nt.) padhāna-vāṇijabhaṇḍa. (adj.) padhānabhūta; sulabhuṭṭhānaka; mukhya. (v.t.) aṅkusaṃ yojeti. (pp.) yojitaṅkusa.

stanza : (f.) gāthā. (nt.) pajja.

star : (f.) tārā; tārakā. (m.) uḷu. (v.t.) tārālakkhaṇaṃ yojeti.

star-gazer : (m.) nakkhattapāṭhaka.

starboard : (m.) nāvādakkhiṇapassa.

star crossed : (adj.) hatalakkhika; dubbhaga.

starch : (f.) piṭṭhadhātu. (nt.) khali. (v.t.) khalinā makkheti. (pp.) kalimakkhita.

starchy : (adj.) amuduka; kharasamphassa.

stare : (nt.) thirolokana. (v.i.t.) thiram oloketi. (pp.) thiram olokita.

starer : (m.) thirolokaka.

staringly : (adj.) ativyattaṃ; atiphutaṃ.

stark : (adj.) asesa; kevala; asithila; daḷha; thaddha. (adv.) kevalaṃ; accantaṃ.

starless : (adj.) tārāvirahita.

starlight : (m.) tārāloka.

starlit : (adj.) tārobhāsita.

start : (m.) ārambha. (nt.) phandana. (v.i.) ārabhati; sahasā phandati or kampati. (pp.) āraddha, sahasā phandita or kampita || he started for Colombo: so Koḷambanagaraṃ pati gato.

starting point : (nt.) ārabhanaṭṭhāna.

startle : (v.t.) uttāseti; santāseti; phandāpeti. (pp.) uttāsita; santāsita; phandāpita.

startling : (adj.) phandāpanaka.

starvation : (f.) nirāhāratā; ajaddhumārikā.

starve : (v.i.) chinnabhatto hoti; khudāya avasīdati. (v.t.) nirāhārena māreti. (pp.) khudāya avasīna; nirāhārena mārita.

starveling : (n.) chāta; jighacchita; bubhukkhita.

starving : (adj.) khudāya mīyamāna.

stasis : (m.) rudhirāvarodha.

state : (f.) avatthā; dasā; pakati. (m.) sabhāva; patāpa. (nt.) rajja; raṭṭha; issariya. (adj.) rajjāyatta. (v.t.) ācikkhati; pakāseti; vitthāreti. (pp.) ācikkhita; pakāsita; vitthārita.

state-carriage : (m.) rājaratha.

state-elephant : (m.) maṅgalahatthī.

state-horse : (m.) maṅgalassa.

stateliness : (nt.) mahāpatāpatta; uḷārasirisobhagga.

stately : (adj.) mahāteja; mahānubhāva.

statement : (nt.) nivedana; pakāsana.

statesman : rājanītinipuṇa.

static : (adj.) acala; aniñja.

statical : (adj.) acala; aniñja.

statics : (m.; plu.) acalavatthuniyāma.

station : (nt.) avaṭṭhāna; nivattanaṭṭhāna; ṭhānanatara. (m.) adhikāra. (v.t.) niveseti; patiṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) nivesita; patiṭṭhāpita.

stationary : (adj.) acala; thāvara.

stationer : (m.) lipibhaṇḍavāṇij.

stationery : (nt.) lipibhaṇḍa.

statistically : (adv.) saṅkhyālekhanānusārena.

statistics : (nt.; plu.) mahājanika-saṅkhyālekhana.

statue : (f.) paṭimā. (nt.) paṭibimba.

statuary : (nt.) paṭimāsippa; paṭimākaraṇa. (adj.) paṭimāpaṭibaddha.

statuesque : (adj.) paṭimāsadisadassana.

statuette : (f.) khuddakapaṭimā.

stature : (m.) ārohapariṇāha.

status : (nt.) dhana-balādi-pamāṇa.

statutable : (adj.) vavatthānugata; nītyanukūla.

statute : (f.) vavatthā; paññatti. (m.) niyamitavidhi.

statutory : (adj.) vavatthānugata; nītyanukūla.

staunch : (adj.) daḷhabhattika.

stave : (f.) dārupaṭṭikā. (nt.) gāthāpāda. (v.t.) nivāreti. (pp.) nivārita.

stay : (m.) kālikavāsa; ādhāra; upatthambha. (nt.) nivattana. (v.i.) tāvakālikaṃ vasati; nivattati. (v.t.) nivatteti; santhambheti. (pp.) tāvakālikaṃ vuttha; nivattita; santhambhita.

stay behind : ohīyati.

stayer : (m.) nivāretu; upatthambhaka.

staying : (nt.) viharaṇa.

steadfast : (adj.) thira; daḷhādhiṭṭhāna.

steadfastly : (adv.) thiravasena.

steadfastness : (nt.) daḷhatta; thirādhiṭṭhānatta.

steadily : (adv.) thirākārena.

steadiness : (nt.) thiratta; acalatta; acāpalla.

steady : (adj.) acala; thāvara. (v.t.) thirīkaroti; daḷhayati.

steak : (m.) maṃsakhaṇḍa.

stealth : (nt.) gūḷhatta. (m.) rahobhāva.

stealthily : (adv.) gūḷhaṃ.

stealthy : (adj.) gūḷha; paṭicchanna.

steam : (m.) bappa. (v.i.) bappam uppādeti. (v.t.) usmanā sedeti. (pp.) uppāditabappa; usmanā dita.

steam bath : (nt.) sadakamma.

steam boat : (f.) dhūmayātrā.

steam engine : (nt.) bappayanta.

steamer : (f.) dhūmanāvā.

steap by step : (adv.) anupadaṃ; anukkamena.

steed : (m.) ājaññassa.

steel : (m.) ayasāra. (adj.) atithaddha. (v.t.) ayasārena chādeti. (pp.) ayasārena chādita.

steely : (adj.) atithaddha.

steep : (m.) papāta. (adj.) ukkūla; durāruha; pātālayutta. (v.t.) kiledeti; otāretvā temeti. (pp.) kiledita; otāretvā temita.

steeple : (nt.) pāsādasikhara.

steer : (m.) uddhaṭabīja-goṇa. (v.t.) nāvaṃ pājeti or gantabbamaggaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) pājitanāva; gantabbamaggaṃ pāpita.

steerage : (nt.) nāvācāraṇa.

steersman : (m.) kaṇṇadhāra.

stele : (m.) salekha-silāthambha.

stelliferous : (adj.) tārābahula.

stellar : (adj.) nakkhattapaṭibaddha.

stellate : (adj.) tārakākāra.

stellular : (adj.) tārākārena sampādita.

stem : (m.) daṇḍa; nāḷa. (nt.) vaṇṭa. (v.t.) 1. nivatteti; santhambheti; 2. oghaṃ chindanto tarati. (pp.) nivattita; santhambhita; oghaṃ chindanto tarita.

stench : (m.) pūtigandha.

stenchy : (adj.) pūtigandhika.

stenograph : (nt.) saṅkhittakkharalekhana.

stenographer : (m.) laghulekhaka.

stenography : (f.) laghulekhanavijjā.

stentor : (m.) uccassarayutta.

stentorian : (adj.) gambhīrassara.

step : (m.) padapāta; padavikkhepa; kama; sopāṇaphalaka. (f.) paṭipāṭi. (nt.) pādalañchana. (v.t.i.) akkamati; padaṃ nikkhipati. (pp.) akkanta; nikkhitapada.

step back : paṭikkamati.

step down : otarati.

step forward : abhikkamati.

step in : āruhati or pavisati.

step out : turitayati.

stepbrother : (m.) vemātikabhātu.

stepdaughter : (f.) dutiyavivāhe dhītā.

stepfather : (m.) dutiyavivāhe pitā.

stepmother : (f.) dutiyavivāhe mātā.

steppe : (f.) rukkharahita-sambhūmi.

stepping : (m.) padavikama; padavītihāra.

stepping stone : (f.) padapātasilā. (nt.) vuddhipadaṭṭhāna.

stepsister : (f.) vemātika-bhaginī.

stepson : (m.) paṭhamavivāhe putto.

stereotype : (m.) ghanīkata-muddākkharaphalaka. (v.t.) 1. ekābaddhaṃ karoti; 2. avipariṇāmiyattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) ekābaddhakata; avipariṇāmiyattaṃ pāpita.

sterile : (adj.) aphala; vañjha; asāra.

sterility : (f.) vañjhatā.

sterling : (adj.) yathābhūta; yathāvatthuka. (nt.) soṇṇanikkha.

stern : (m.) nāvāpacchābhāga. (adj.) asithila; daḷha; thaddha.

sternese : (nt.) daḷhatta; pharusatta.

sternly : (adv.) atidaḷhaṃ.

sternum : (nt.) uraṭṭhi.

sternutation : (nt.) 1. khipitaka; 2. natthukamma.

sternutatory : (adj.) 1. khipitajanaka; 2. natthukammāyatta.

stertorous : (adj.) ghurughurupassāsī.

stethoscope : (nt.) nāḷiviññāṇayanta. (v.t.) hadayaphandanam upaparikkhati.

stevedore : (m.) nāvābhaṇḍavāhaka.

stew : (nt.) mandapakka-bhojana. (m.) manotāpa. (v.t.) mandaṃ pacati. (pp.) mandaṃ pakka.

steward : (m.) bhojanādhikārī; bhaṇḍāgārika; āyuttaka.

stewardship : (nt.) āyuttakaṭṭhāna; bhaṇḍāgārikatta.

stick : (m.) kattaradaṇḍa. (f.) kattarayaṭṭhi. (v.i.) allīyati; laggati. (v.t.) alliyāpeti; laggeti; nittudati. (pp.) allīna; lagga; alliyāpita; laggita; nittudita.

stickiness : (f.) saṃlagganatā.

sticking : (nt.) allīyana. (m.) abhissaṅga.

stickle : (v.t.) nibandhati; vivadati. (pp.) nibaddha; vivadita.

stickler : (m.) nibandhaka.

sticky : (adj.) allīyanasabhāva.

stiff : (adj.) 1. patthaddha; kaṭhina; anamma; 2. dukkara; 3. ghanībhūta.

stiff-necked : (adj.) ādhānagāhī; uddhata.

stiffen : (v.t.) kaṭhinīkaroti. (v.i.) kaṭhinībhavati. (pp.) kaṭhinīkata; kaṭhinībhūta.

stiffly : (adv.) daḷhaṃ; sābhimānaṃ.

stiffness : (nt.) kaṭhinatta.

stifle : (v.t.) sāsaṃ nirumbheti. (pp.) nirumbhitasāsa.

stifling : (adj.) sāsanirumbhaka.

stigma : (nt.) vaṇalañchana. (f.) apakitti.

stigmatise : (v.t.) kalaṅketi; lañcheti. (pp.) kalaṅkita; lañchita.

stile : (nt.) vatidvāra.

still : (nt.) parissāvaka-yanta. (adj.) acala; akampa; niccala; nissadda. (v.t.) upasameti; acalaṃ or nissaddaṃ karoti. (pp.) upasamita; acalaṃ or nissaddaṃ kata. (adv.) 1. yāva-tāva; yāvajjatanā; yāv'imaṃ kālaṃ; 2. evaṃ sante pi; tathā pi.

still more : (adv.) bhīyoso mattāya.

stillborn : (m.) maritvā-jāta; gabbhamata.

stillness : (nt.) niccalatta; nissaddatta.

stilt : (f.) pādayaṭṭhi.

stilted : (adj.) 1. pādayaṭṭhigāmī; 2. gabbita; vikatthaka.

stimulant : (adj.; m.) uttejaka; uddīpaka.

stimulate : (v.t.) uttejeti; ussāheti; pabodheti. (pp.) uttejita; ussāhita; pabodhita.

stimulation : (nt.) uttejana; samuṭṭhāpana; anubalappadāna.

stimulative : (adj.) uttejaka; paggaṇhanaka.

stimulus : (nt.) uddīpakavatthu; uttejakosadha. (m.) paggaha.

sting : (f.) dāṭhā. (nt.) ḍasana. (v.t.) 1. ḍasati; 2. accantaṃ vyathati. (pp.) daṭṭha; accantaṃ vyathita.

stingily : (adv.) luddhākārena; kadariyena.

stinginess : (nt.) macchariya; luddhatta.

stingless : (adj.) niddāṭha; uddhaṭadāṭha.

stingy : (adj.) luddha; kadariya; maccharī.

stink : (m.) pūtigandha. (v.t.) pūtigandhaṃ vāyeti. (v.i.) 1. pūti vāyati; 2. ayasaṃ pappoti. (pp.) vāyitapūtigandha; ayasaṃ patta.

stinking : (adj.) pūtigandhāvaha.

stint : (nt.) ūnatta; ūnappamāṇa. (v.t.) 1. ūnakaṃ deti; 2. mitaṃ bhūñjati; 3. viramati. (pp.) ūnakaṃ dinna; mitaṃ bhutta; virata.

stintingly : (adv.) atiluddhākārena.

stintless : (adj.) nillobhī; amaccharī; asīmita.

stipe : (m.) daṇḍa; nāḷa. (nt.) vaṇṭa.

stipend : (nt.) vetana. (m.) niyamita-aya.

stipendiary : (m.) vetanalābhī.

stipulate : (v.i.) paṭiññaṃ ṭhapeti; saṅgaraṃ karoti. (v.t.) paṭiññaṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) ṭhapitapaṭiñña; katasaṅgara; gahitapaṭiñña.

stipulation : (f.) paṭiññā. (m.) saṅgara.

stir : (m.) saṅkhobha. (v.t.) 1. khobheti; āloleti; viloleti; 2. matheti. (v.i.) saṅkhubhati; iñjati; kampati. (pp.) khobhita; ālolita; vilolita; manthita; iñjita; kampita.

stirrer : (m.) khobhakārī.

stirring : (nt.) copana; kampana; saṅkhubhana. (adj.) saṅkhobhaka.

stirrup : (f.) ārohī-pādukā.

stitch : (f.) sibbanī. (m.) ārapatha. (v.t.) sibbati. (pp.) sibbita.

stithy : (f.) 1. kammārasālā; 2. adhikaraṇī.

stock : (m.) sannidhi; sañcaya; anvaya; vaṃsa; saṃvaḍḍhita-pasugaṇa; khandha; daṇḍa; khāṇuka. (nt.) mūladhana. (f.) (for feet : ) suruṅgā. (v.t.) sañcināti; samāharati; rāsīkaroti. (pp.) sañcita; samāhaṭa; rāsīkata || laughing stock: (nt.) parihāsaṭṭhāna-vatthu.

stock-still : (adj.) khāṇusadisa; niccala.

stockade : (f.) saṅkuvati. (v.t.) saṅkuvatiṃ yojeti.

stockbreeder : (m.) pasupālaka; pasuposaka.

stocking : (nt.) pādajāla.

stocktaking : (nt.) bhaṇḍagaṇanolokana.

stocky : (adj.) thulla-vāmanaka.

stodge : (m.) garukāhāra. (v.i.) gedhena bhuñjati. (pp.) gedhena bhutta.

stodgy : (adj.) 1. garuka; dujjara; 2. ativitthārita.

stoic : (adj.; n.) upekkhaka; mahādhitika.

stoically : (adv.) upekkhakatāya; attasaṃyamena.

stoke : (v.t.) 1. uddhane indhanaṃ khipati; 2. turitaṃ bhuñjati. (pp.) uddhane khittindhana; turitaṃ bhutta.

stoker : (m.) 1. uddhanaposaka; 2. turitabhojī.

stolid : (adj.) momuha; garukāya; anussuka.

stolidity : (nt.) muṭṭhasacca; anussukatta; jaḷatta; garukāyatta.

stolidly : (adv.) mūḷhākārena.

stomach : (m.) āmasaya. (nt.) udara; jaṭhara. (f.) abhiruci. (v.t.) abhiruciyā bhuñjati.

stomachic : (adj.) āmāsayāyatta. (nt.) rucivaḍḍhakosadha; gahaṇdīpaka.

stomackless : (adj.) mandagahaṇika.

stone : (f.) silā. (m.) pāsāṇa; asma. (nt.) (of fruits : ) aṭṭhi; bīja. (v.t.) 1. pāsāṇehi paharati; 2. aṭṭhīni apaneti. (pp.) pāsāṇehi pahaṭa; apanītaṭṭhika || made of stone: (adj.) silāmaya.

stone age : (m.) pāsāṇāyudha-yuga.

stone blind : (adj.) jaccandha.

stone cutter : (m.) 1. taṅka; 2. pāsāṇadāraka.

stone still : (adj.) pāsāṇathira.

stone to grind with : (m.) nisadapota.

stone-deaf : (adj.) puṇṇabadhira.

stonemason : (m.) silāvaḍḍhakī.

stoneware : (nt.) ghanamattikabhājana.

stoniness : (nt.) niṭṭhiratta; pāsāṇabāhula.

stony : (adj.) 1. silābahula; 2. atithaddha.

stony hearted : (adj.) niṭṭhura; kaṭhinahadaya.

stook : (m.) veṇīkata-sassapuñja.

stool : (nt.) pādapīṭha. (m.) uccārossagga. (v.i.) vaccaṃ karoti; uccāraṃ ossajati. (pp.) katavacca; ossaṭṭhuccāra.

stoop : (nt.) 1. onamana; 2. vasaṅgamana. (v.i.) 1. onamati; 2. vasaṃ yāti. (pp.) onamita; vasaṃ yāta.

stop : (nt.) nivattana; virāmalakkhaṇa; rodhana. (m.) viccheda; virāma. (v.i.) nivattati; 2. viramati; vicchijjati. (v.t.) 1. nivatteti; rundheti; 2. vāreti; nivāreti. (pp.) nivatta; virata; vicchinna; nivattita; rundhita; vārita; nivārita.

stopcock : (nt.) jalanāḷathakanaka.

stoppage : (nt.) rodhana; thambhana; nivattāpana. (m.) upaccheda.

stopper : (m.) avarodhaka. (f.) rodhanī. (v.t.) rodhaniyā pidahati.

storage : (nt.) sannidhikaraṇa; bhaṇḍāgārāya dātabbamūla.

storax : (m.) sugandha-niyyāsavisesa.

store : (f.) 1. bhaṇḍanicaya; 2. bhaṇḍasālā. (v.t.) sañcināti; sannidahati; rāsīkaroti. (pp.) sañcita; sannihita; rāsīkata.

storehouse : (nt.) sannidhiṭṭhāna; koṭṭhāgāra.

storekeeper : (m.) koṭṭhāgārika.

storey : (nt.) pāsādatala.

storeyed : (adj.) bhūmiyutta; bhummika || three-storeyed: tibhummika.

storied : (adj.) bhūmiyutta; bhummika.

stork : (m.) bakavisesa.

storm : (m.) caṇḍavāta; mahāmegha; saṅkhobha. (nt.) omaddana. (v.i.) saṅkhubhati; vegena vassati. (v.t.) 1. saṅkhobheti; 2. (paravisayaṃ) omaddati. (pp.) saṅkhubhita; vegena vuṭṭha; omaddita.

stormy : (adj.) saṅkhubhita; vātavuṭṭhisahita; khobhakara.

story : (nt.) kathāvatthu; tala. (f.) ākhyāyikā; bhūmi.

stout : (adj.) thāmavantu; thūladehī; dhitimantu; nibbhaya.

stout-hearted : (adj.) thiracitta; daḷhanicchaya.

stoutly : (adv.) thiracittena.

stoutness : (nt.) pabalatta; thiranicchayatta.

stove : (f.) cullī. (nt.) uddhana.

stow : (v.t.) paṭisāmeti; nikkhipati. (pp.) paṭisāmita; nikkhitta.

stow away : (m.) mūlam adatvā nāvā-gāmī.

stowage : (nt.) paṭisāmana. (m.) bhaṇḍāgārika-suṅka.

straddle : (v.i.t.) pāde pasāretvā tiṭṭhati or nisīdati. (pp.) pāde pasāretvā tiṭṭhita or nisinna.

straggle : (v.i.) samūhato viyujjhati; vikiṇṇākārena yāti; animittam āhiṇḍati. (pp.) samūhato viyutta; vikiṇṇākārena yāta.

straggler : (m.) sakaparisa-bhaṭṭha; maggamūḷha.

stragglingly : (adv.) maggamūḷhākārena; samūhaviyogena.

straight : (adj.) uju; ajimha; avaṅka; akuṭila; sarala. (adv.) ujukaṃ; sajju; sapadi.

straight away : (ind.) sajju; sīgham eva.

straight forward : (adj.) ujucitta; ajjavayutta.

straight line : (f.) ujurekhā.

straighten : (v.t.) ujuṃ karoti.

straightly : (adv.) ujukam eva.

straightness : (nt.) ajjava; akoṭilla.

strain : (m.) āyāsa; parissana; (musical : ) laya. (f.) kriyāsantati. (v.t.) āyāseti; uppīḷeti; parissāveti; vimalīkaroti. (pp.) āyāsita; uppīḷita; parissāvita; vimalīkata.

strainer : (nt.) parissāvana. (f.) sodhanī; cālanī.

straiten : (v.t.) sambādheti; pīḷeti. (pp.) sambādhita; pīḷita.

straitness : (nt.) sambādhatta; dukkaratta.

straits : (f.) duddasā. (nt.) kasira; kiccha. (m.) samuddasandhi. (adj.) sambādha; avitthiṇṇa.

strand : (nt.) kūla; tīra; taṭa. (v.t.) kūlaṃ pāpeti; tīre āhanati. (v.i.) ohiyāti. (pp.) kūlaṃ pāpita; tīre āhata; ohīna.

stranded : (adj.) kicchāpanna; appaṭisaraṇa.

strange : (adj.) 1. abbhuta; apubba; 2. videsīya; 3. asanthuta; aparicita.

strange looking : (adj.) abbhutadassana.

strangely : (adv.) abbhutākārena.

strangeness : (nt.) abbhutatta; aparicittatta.

stranger : (m.) 1. āgantuka; atithi; 2. adhunāgata; aparicita.

strangle : (v.t.) sāsanirodhena māreti. (pp.) sāsanirodhena mārita.

strangle oneself : (v.t.) ubbandhati; sāsaṃ nirumbhetvā marati. (pp.) ubbaddha; sāsaṃ nirumbhetvā mata.

strangling : (nt.) ubbandhana; sāsanirumbhana.

strangurious : (adj.) muttakicchābādhī.

strangury : (m.) muttakicchābādha.

strap : (f.) varattā; naddhi. (nt.) yotta. (v.t.) varattāya bandhati or tāḷeti. (pp.) varattāya baddha or tāḷita.

strapping : (nt.) varattātāḷana. (adj.) vaḍḍhideha.

stratagem : (m.) kapaṭopāya.

strategic : (adj.) saṅgāmopāyavisaka.

strategical : (adj.) saṅgāmopāyavisaka.

strategist : (n.) saṅgāmopāyadakkha.

strategy : (m.) saṅgāmopāya.

straticulate : (adj.) talattharayutta.

stratify : (v.t.) talavasena attharati. (pp.) talavasena atthata.

stratum : (nt.) bhūmitalatthara.

stratus : (m.) meghapaṭala.

straw : (nt.) palāla; sukkhatiṇa.

strawy : (adj.) palālamaya; palālasadisa.

stray : (adj.) maggamūḷha; yūthabhaṭṭha. (v.i.) 1. magge muyhati; 2. uppathaṃ yāti. (pp.) maggamūḷha; uppatthaṃ yāta.

streak : (f.) vaṇṇalekhā. (v.t.) lekhā yojeti; vaṇṇalekhāhi alaṅkaroti. (pp.) yojitaleka; vaṇṇalekhālaṅkata.

stream : (m.) jalasota; jalogha. (f.) kunnadī; jalamātikā. (v.i.) pasavati; pabhavati. (pp.) pasavita; pabhavita.

stream let : (f.) khuddakamātikā.

streamer : (m.) dīghadhaja; raṃsikadamba.

street : (f.) racchā; vīthi; visikhā; rathikā.

street sweeper : (m.) vīthisodhaka.

street walker : (f.) gaṇikā.

strength : (f.) satti. (m.) thāma. (nt.) bala; sāmatthiya.

strengthen : (v.i.) pabalīkaroti; daḷhayati. (v.i.) thirībhavati. (pp.) pabalīkata; daḷhayita; thirībhūta.

strengthener : (m.) pabalīkāraka. (nt.) balajanakosadha.

strengthless : (adj.) sattihīna; abala; dubbala.

strenuous : (adj.) āraddhaviriya; atandita; ātāpī.

strenuously : (adv.) daḷhaviriyena.

strenuousness : (m.) uyyoga; parakkma. (nt.) viriyādhiṭṭhāna.

stress : (m.) āyāsa. (nt.) bhāriyatta; saddagambhīratta. (v.t.) daḷhayati; savisesaṃ udīreti. (pp.) daḷhayita; udīrita.

stretch : (nt.) pasāraṇa; pattharaṇa. (v.t.) pasāreti; vitanoti. (v.i.) pasārīyati. (pp.) pasārita; vitata.

stretcher : (m.) pasāretu; rogīmañca.

stretchforth : paggaṇhāti.

strew : (v.t.) ākirati; vikirati; vippakirati. (pp.) ākiṇṇa; vikiṇṇa.

striate : (adj.) sukhumarekhāṅkita.

stricken : (pp. of strike) addita; maddita; pīḷita; aṭṭita.

strict : (adj.) 1. daḷha; asithila; 2. anullaṅghiya; anatikkamiya; niyata.

strictly : (adv.) sanicchayaṃ; saniyamaṃ.

strictness : (n.) daḷhatta; asithilatta.

stricture : (nt.) tikhiṇa-vivecana. (m.) sirāsaṅkoca.

stride : (v.i.t.) pāde vītiharati; pādaṃ dūre nikkhipati. (pp.) vītihaṭapāda; nikkhittapāda.

strident : (adj.) kaṭukasaddayutta.

stridulate : (v.i.) gambhīra-kaṭukasaddaṃ pavatteti.

strife : (nt.) bhaṇḍana. (m.) kalaha; viggaha.

strike : (v.t.) paharati; abhihanati; ghaṭṭeti. (v.i.) āhaññati; ghaṭṭīyati. (pp.) pahaṭa; abhihata; ghaṭṭita; āhata; ghaṭṭita. mūlādiṃ muddāpeti; kammantaṃ cajati; cittaṃ ākaḍḍhati. (pp.) mūlādiṃ muddāpita; cattakammanta; ākaḍḍhitacitta. (m.) kammantacāga.

strike against : paṭihanati.

strike down : opāteti.

strike in return : paṭipaharati.

strike off : lopeti; makkheti.

strike out : (fire) saṅghaṭṭanena janeti.

strike through : vinivijjhati.

strike up : ārabhati.

striker : (m.) 1. pahāradāyī; 2. kammantacāgī.

striking : (adj.) mahohara; cittākaḍḍhaka. (nt.) paharaṇa; pothana; saṅghaṭṭana.

strikingly : (adv.) savisesaṃ; mahoharatāya.

string : (nt.) sutta. (f.) tanti; seṇi; panti; āvali; dhanujiyā. (v.t.) 1. āvuṇāti; 2. tantūhi bandhati; 3. jiyaṃ āropeti. (pp.) āvuta; tantubaddha; jiyāropita.

string of contents : (nt.) uddāna.

string of pearls : (f.) muttāvali.

stringency : (nt.) kaṭukatta; asithilatta; anullaṅghiyatta.

stringent : (adj.) 1. kaṭuka; tikhiṇa; 2. avilaṅghiya; asithila.

stringy : (adj.) tantuyutta.

strip : (nt.) cīraka. (f.) dīghapaṭṭikā. (v.t.) uddāḷeti; (of clothes : ) acchindati. (pp.) uddāḷita; acchinna.

strip of bark : (nt.) vākacīra.

strip of cloth : (f.) coḷapaṭṭikā.

stripe : (f.) paṭṭikā; visamvaṇṇarekhā. (m.) kasāpahāra.

striped : (adj.) lekhācittita.

striping : (m.) kumāra; māṇava.

strive : (v.i.) ghaṭati; vāyamati; yatati; īhati; ussahati. (pp.) ghaṭita; vāyamita; īhita; ussahita.

striving : (nt.) ghaṭana; īhana. (m.) ussāha; vāyāma.

stroke : (m.) pahāra; āghāta; nigghāta; kenipāta; khaṇikābādha. (f.) rekhā. (nt.) paramasana; anapekkhita-bhāgya or abhāgya. (v.t.) parimajjati; parāmasati. (pp.) parimaṭṭha or majjita; parāmaṭṭha.

stroll : (f.) mandacārikā. (nt.) caṅkamana. (v.i.) carati; āhiṇḍati; pariyaṭati.

stroller : (m.) pariyaṭaka.

strong : (adj.) balavantu; thāmavantu; pabala; daḷha; thira; tibba; tikhiṇa; pahonta; samattha.

strong-minded : (adj.) daḷhamānasa.

stronghold : (nt.) balakoṭṭhaka; dugga.

strongly : (adv.) gāḷhaṃ; daḷhaṃ; bāḷhaṃ.

strop : (nt.) khuracamma. (f.) khuratejanapaṭṭikā. (v.t.) paṭṭikāya khuraṃ tejeti. (pp.) paṭṭikāyatejitakhura.

structure : (nt.) nimmāṇa; mandira. (m.) racitākāra.

struggle : (m.) daḷhavāyāma; balavaviggaha. (nt.) vipphandana. (v.i.) 1. abhiyatati; daḷhaṃ vāyamati; 2. vipphandati. (pp.) abhiyatita; daḷhaṃ vāyamita; vipphandita.

strum : (nt.) anipuṇavādana. (v.i.) anipuṇākārena vādeti. (pp.) anipuṇākārena vādita.

struma : (m.) gaṇḍamālaroga.

strumpet : (f.) gaṇikā.

strut : (v.i.) sābhimānaṃ vicarati.

strychnia : (m.) tikhiṇavisa-visesa.

stub : (m.) khāṇuka. (nt.) chinnāvasiṭṭha-mūla. (v.t.) mūlāni uddharati. (pp.) uddhaṭamūla.

stubble : (nt.) chinnāvasiṭṭha-sassa.

stubborn : (adj.) avidheyya; avasa; duddamma; mānatthaddha.

stubbornness : (nt.) duddamyatta; avidheyyatta.

stubbornly : (adv.) duddammākārena.

stucco : (m.) siniddha-sudhālepa.

stud : (m.) gaṇṭhi; kukku. (v.t.) khacati. (pp.) khacita.

student : (m.) sissa; antevāsī; vijjatthī.

studio : (nt.) sippāyatana.

studious : (adj.) vijjāsatta; vīmaṃsāpubbaka.

studiously : (adv.) vīmaṃsāpubbakaṃ; upaṭṭhitasatiyā.

studiousness : (f.) vijjatthikatā; vīmaṃsakatā.

study : (nt.) ajjhayana; uggahaṇa. (m.) ajjhayana-gabbha. (v.t.i.) 1. uggaṇhāti; pariyāpuṇāti; adhīyati; anusikkhati; 2. vīmaṃsati. (pp.) uggahita; pariyāputa; adhīta; anusikkhita; vīmaṃsita.

stuff : (nt.) dabba; vatthu; upakaraṇa. (m.) kacavara. (v.t.) accantaṃ pūreti. (v.i.) giddho bhuñjati. (pp.) accantaṃ pūrita.

stuffing : (nt.) antopūraṇa; pūrakadabba.

stuffy : (adj.) nivāta; sambādha.

stultify : (v.t.) 1. mūḷhattaṃ dasseti; 2. adhikāraṃ nivāreti. (pp.) mūḷhattaṃ dassita; nivāritādhikāraṃ.

stumble : (nt.) khalita; pakkhalana. (m.) pamādadosa. (v.i.t.) pakkhalati; pamajjati. (pp.) pakkhalita; pamatta.

stumbling : (adj.) pakkhalamāna.

stumbling block : (nt.) bādhaka. (m.) antarāya.

stump : (m.) khāṇuka; chinnāvasesa. (v.t.i.) 1. sasaddaṃ caṅkamati; 2. niruttaraṃ karoti; 3. pacārento āhiṇḍati; 4. sākhādayo chindati. (pp.) sasaddaṃ caṅkamita; niruttaraṃ kata; chinnasākhādi.

stumpy : (adj.) thullavāmana.

stun : (v.t.) badhirīkaroti; mucchāpeti. (pp.) badhirīkata; mucchāpita.

stunner : (m.) vesārajjakara.

stunning : (adj.) atisundara; vimhāpanaka.

stunt : (nt.) vaḍḍhinivattana. (f.) visiṭṭhakriyā. (v.t.) vaḍḍhiṃ nirumbheti; vāmanaṃ karoti. (pp.) nirumbhitavāḍḍhī; vāmanīkata.

stupefaction : (nt.) vyāmohana; visaññīkaraṇa.

stupefy : (v.t.) moheti; muccheti. (pp.) mohita; mucchita.

stupefying : (adj.) mucchaka; pamohaka.

stupendous : (adj.) 1. ativisāla; 2. vimhayāvaha.

stupendously : (adv.) atimahattena; abbhutākārena.

stupid : (adj.) momuha; mandamatika; dandha; sammūḷha.

stupidity : (nt.) dandhatta; mandiya.

stupidly : (adv.) dandhākārena.

stupidness : (nt.) dandhatta; mandiya.

stupor : (f.) mucchā; sammucchā; bhantasatitā.

stuprate : (v.t.) pasayha (itthiṃ) dūseti.

stupration : (nt.) pasayharamana.

sturdily : (adv.) pabalākārena.

sturdiness : (f.) thāmasampannatā.

sturdy : (adj.) daḷhasarīra; thāmavantu.

stutter : (v.i.) pakkhalanto bhāsati.

stutterer : (m.) pakkhalitavāca.

stutteringly : (adv.) sagaggadaṃ.

sty : (m.) sūkaravaja. (nt.) kucchitaṭṭhāna. (v.t.) sūkare vajekhipati.

stye : (f.) akkhidalapiḷakā.

style : (f.) paṇṇalekhanī. (m.) pakāra; ākāra; racanāvilāsa. (v.t.) abhidhāti; nāmaṃ ṭhapeti; upalakkheti. (pp.) abhihita; ṭhapitanāma; upalakkhita.

stylish : (adj.) suvesa.

stylishly : (adv.) sobhanavesena.

stylist : (adj.) lalitaracanāsatta.

stylograph : (m.) nāḷaḷekhanīvisesa.

styptic : (adj.) rudhirasandanivattaka.

Styx : (f.) Vetaranī-nadī.

suasion : (nt.) palobhana; pakkhagāhana.

suasive : (adj.) pakkhagāhāpaka.

suave : (adj.) 1. piyaṃvada; 2. sādurasa; manuñña.

suavely : (adv.) manuññatāya; saṇhākārena.

suavity : (f.) 1. piyavāditā; 2. sādurasatā.

sub : (pref.) upa; anu; adho.

sub-editor : (m.) upasaṅkhāraka.

sub-head : (f.) upamātikā.

sub-king : (m.) padesarāja.

subacid : (adj.) īsaṃambila.

subacrid : (adj.) īsaṃtittaka.

subacute : (adj.) īsaṃtikhiṇa.

subaltern : (m.) upasenāpati.

subaqueous : (adj.) antodakaṭṭha.

subcommentary : (f.) ṭīkā.

subcommittee : (f.) anukārakasabhā.

subconsciousness : (nt.) bhavaṅga; upaviññaṇa.

subcutaneous : (adj.) antocammaṭṭha.

subdivide : (v.t.) puna vibhajati; upavibhajati. (pp.) puna vibhatta; upavibhatta.

subdivision : (m.) upavibhāga.

subdue : (v.t.) abhibhavati; pamaddati; dameti; pasahati; abhimanthati. (pp.) abhibhūta; pamaddita; danta; pasahita; abhimanthita.

subdue able : (adj.) abhibhavanīya; jeyya.

subduer : (m.) abhibhū; pamaddaka; dametu.

subduing : (adj.) abhimanthaka.

subjacent : (adj.) adhoṭhita.

subject : (m.) visaya; pajā; parapālanānugata. (in gram.) kattu; kathānāyaka. (nt.) vasagamana. (adj.) vasavattī; upajīvī; parādhīna; parāyatta. (v.t.) vasīkaroti; abhibhoti. (pp.) vasīkata; abhibhūta.

subjection : (m.) vasībhāva. (nt.) parādhīnatta.

subjective : (adj.) ajjhattikā; mānasika.

subjectivity : (nt.) mānasikatta.

subjoin : (v.t.) anughaṭeti; pacchā sambandheti. (pp.) anughaṭita; pacchā sambandhita.

subjugate : (v.t.) vasaṃ neti; omaddati; abhibhavati. (pp.) vasaṃ nīta; omaddita; abhibhūta.

subjugation : (nt.) vasānayana; abhibhavana.

subjugator : (m.) vijetu; dametu; vasavattaka.

subjunctive : (adj.) aniyamatthavācaka; vikappadīpaka.

subjunctive mood : (f.) Sattamī vibhatti.

sublimate : (v.t.) sukhumattaṃ or parisuddhattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) sukhumattaṃ or parisuddhattaṃ pāpita.

sublimation : (nt.) sukhumattapāpaṇa; parisodhana.

sublime : (adj.) sukhuma; visiṭṭha; ukkaṭṭha.

sublimely : (adv.) sukhumatāya; uḷāratāya.

subliminal : (adj.) bhavaṅgagata; cittānusayita.

sublimity : (nt.) accuḷāratta; atisukhumatta.

submarine : (adj.) antodakavattī. (m.) makarapota. (f.) antodakanāvā.

submarine fire : (nt.) vaḷavāmukha.

submerge : (v.t.) ajjhottharati; nimujjāpeti. (v.i.) nimujjati; ottharīyati. (pp.) ajjhotthaṭa; nimujjāpita; nimugga.

submergence : (nt.) ajjhottharaṇa; nimujjāpana; nimujjana.

submersion : (nt.) ajjhottharaṇa; nimujjāpana; nimujjana.

submission : (nt.) anuvattana; vasaṅgamana.

submissive : (adj.) anuvattī; vidheya; vacanakara; assava.

submissively : (adv.) savinayaṃ; sagāravaṃ.

submissiveness : (m.) vasībhāva. (nt.) anuvattana; vacanakaratta.

submit : (v.i.) vasaṃ yāti; anuvattati; 2. savinayaṃ vadati. (v.t.) appeti; bhāvaṃ karoti. (pp.) vasaṃ yāta; anuvattita; savinayaṃ vutta; appita; katabhāra.

subordinate : (adj.) amukhya; orapadaṭṭha; appadhāna. (m.) sahakārī; anuvattaka. (v.t.) anuṭhapeti; vase vatteti; amukhyaṃ karoti. (pp.) anuṭhapita; vase vattita; amukhyaṃ kata.

subordinately : (adv.) amukhyavasena.

subordination : (nt.) vasaṅgamana; appadhānatta.

suborn : (v.t.) kūṭasakkhiṃ otāreti.

subornation : (nt.) kūṭasakkhiotāraṇa.

subpoena : (nt.) adhikaraṇavhāna. (v.t.) adhikaraṇaṃ avhāti. (pp.) adhikaraṇaṃ avhāta.

subreption : (nt.) nikatiyā gahaṇa.

subscribe : (v.t.) 1. hatthalañchanaṃ yojeti; 2. niyamitabhāgaṃ deti. (v.i.) sanumññati. (pp.) yojitahatthalañchana; dinnaniyamitabhāga; anumata.

subscriber : (m.) chandakadāyī; upatthambhaka; bhāgadāyī.

subscript : (f.) adholipi.

subscription : (nt.) 1. nāmalikhana; 2. chandakadāna; 3. vassikadeyya.

subsection : (m.) upavibhāga.

subsequence : (m.) vipāka. anugataphala.

subsequent : (adj.) anantarāgata; ānantarika.

subsequently : (adv.) anantaraṃ; tato paraṃ.

subserve : (v.t.) upatthambheti; upakaroti. (pp.) upatthambhita; upakata.

subservience : (m.) upatthambha. (nt.) anukūlatta.

subservient : (adj.) upakāraka; anukūla.

subserviently : (adv.) upatthambhakavasena.

subsidence : (nt.) ogamana; heṭṭhā-osīdana.

subside : (v.i.) ogacchati; sanisīdati. (pp.) ogata; sannisinna.

subsidiary : (adj.; n.) upatthambhaka; upakāraka.

subsidy : (nt.) upatthambhaka-dhana.

subsist : (v.i.t.) pavattati; jīvati; yāpeti; jīvikaṃ kappeti. (pp.) pavattita; kappitajīvita.

subsist by : anujīvati.

subsistence : (nt.) jīvana; pavattana. (m.) ājīva. (f.) jīvitavutti.

subsistent : (adj.) pavattamāna; upajīvī.

subsistent on : upajīvati.

subsize : (v.t.) dhanena upatthambheit. (pp.) dhanena upatthambhita.

subsoil : (m.) heṭṭhā-paṃsu.

substance : (nt.) vatthu; dabba; dhana; vitta. (m.) sāra; piṇḍattha.

substantial : (adj.) 1. dabbamaya; 2. tathato-vijjamāna; 3. sāravantu; 4. dhanavantu.

substantiality : (nt.) dabbatta; thathatovijjamānatta.

substantially : (adv.) vatthuto; tattato; sārato.

substantiate : (v.t.) tathaṃ or paccakkhaṃ kāreti.

substantiation : (nt.) pamāṇīkaraṇa; tathattadīpana.

substantive : (nt.) nāmapada; visessa. (adj.) sattāvācaka.

substitute : (m.) niyojita; paṭinidhi. (v.t.) aññass'atthāya niyojeti; (in gram : ) ādesaṃ karoti. (pp.) aññass'atthāya niyojita; katādesa.

substitution : (nt.) paṭinidahana; niyojana.

substitutional : (adj.) paṭinidahanāyatta

substitutive : (adj.) paṭinidheyya.

subtract : (v.t.) bhāgam uddharati; ūnaṃ karoti. (pp.) uddhaṭabhāga; ūnīkata.

subtraction : (nt.) vyavakalana; bhāguddharaṇa.

subtractive : (adj.) vyakalanaka.

substratum : (nt.) heṭṭhātala. (m.) upanissaya.

substructure : (nt.) vatthucinana.

subsume : (v.t.) antogadhaṃ karoti. (pp.) antogadhaṃ kata.

subsumption : (nt.) antogadhakaraṇa.

subterfuge : (m.) muñcanūpāya. (nt.) sāṭheyya.

subterranean : (adj.) antobhumma; bhūmigata.

subtle : (adj.) 1. atisukhuma; dubbodha; duggāhiya; 2. upāyakusala; kerāṭika; 3. (of intellect : ) kusaggamatika; tikkhapañña.

subtlely : (adv.) sukhumaṃ; dubbodhatāya; nikatiyā.

subtleness : (nt.) sukhumatta; dubbodhatta; upāyakosalla.

subtlety : (nt.) sukhumatta; dubbodhatta; upāyakosalla.

suburb : (nt.) upanagara.

suburban : (adj.) nagarāsanna.

subvert : (v.t.) viparivatteti; ummūleti; vināseti. (pp.) viparivattita; ummūlita; vināsita.

subvention : see Subsidy.

subversion : (nt.) viparivattana.

subversive : (adj.) viparivattaka; ucchindaka.

subway : (m.) ummagga.

succeed : (v.i.) samijjhati; sampajjati. (v.t.) paṭilabhati; anupāpuṇāti. (pp.) samiddha; sampanna; paṭiladdha; anuppatta.

succeeding : (adj.) anuyāyī; āgāmī; anantarāgāmī.

success : (f.) samiddhi; nipphatti; saṃsiddhi. (nt.) sāphalya.

successful : (adj.) samiddha; saphala.

successfully : (adv.) samiddhākārena.

succession : (m.) anukkama. (f.) paṭipāṭi; paramparā; santati; āvali.

successional : (adj.) anukkamāgata; yathāpaṭipāṭika.

successive : (adj.) anukkamika; pāramparika.

successively : (adv.) anukkamena; anupubbena.

successor : (m.) anantarāgata; anukkamappatta.

succinct : (adj.) saṅkhitta; laghu.

succinctly : (adv.) saṅkhepena.

succinctness : (nt.) saṅkhittatta.

succour : (m.) avassopatthambha. (nt.) paṭisaraṇa; paṭibala. (v.t.) yathākāle upatthambeti. (pp.) yathākāle upathambhita.

succourer : (m.) avassakāle upatthambhaka.

succourless : (adj.) appatiṭṭha; appaṭisaraṇa.

succulence : (f.) ojavantatā.

succulent : (adj.) sarasa; ojavantu.

succumb : (v.i.) avasīdati; vasaṃ yāti. (pp.) osīna; vasaṃyāta.

such : (adj.) tathāvidha; tathārūpa; tādisa; etādisa.

such and such : (adj.) asuka.

such like : (adj.) evaṃvidha.

such likeness : (m.) tathābhāva.

suck : (v.t.) cūsati; thaññaṃ viya pibati.

sucker : (m.) cūsaka.

sucking : (adj.) thanapāyī.

suckle : (v.t.) pāyeti. (pp.) pāyita.

suckling : (m.) thanapa; khīrapaka.

sudation : (nt.) sedakamma.

sudatorium : (nt.) sedanaghara; jantāghara.

sudatory : (adj.) sedajanaka.

sudden : (adj.) sahasāpatta; taṅkhaṇika.

suddeness : (nt.) khaṇikatta; sahasāgatatta.

suddenly : (adv.) sahasā; taṅkhaṇaṃ.

sudoriferous : (adj.) sedavāhī.

sudorific : (adj.) sedamocaka.

suds : (v.t.i.) adhikaraṇe codeti; aṭṭaṃ karoti; vinicchayaṃ yāti. (pp.) adhikaraṇe codita; kataṭṭa; vinicchayaṃ yāta.

suet : (m.) pasumeda.

suffer : (v.i.t.) vindati; vedeti; paccanubhoti; adhivāseti; titikkhati. (pp.) vindita; vedita; paccanubhūta. adhivāsitata; titkkhita.

sufferable : (adj.) vedanīya; sahanīya.

sufferance : (f.) anummati; khamā. (nt.) paramata-sahana.

sufferer : (m.) vedaka.

suffering : (f.) vedanā; pīḷā; vyathā. (nt.) dukkha.

suffering from illness : (adj.) rogātura.

sufferingly : (adv.) savedanaṃ.

suffice : (v.i.t.) pahoti.

sufficiency : (nt.) pahoṇakatta; sāmatthiya; alambhāva.

sufficient : (adj.) pahoṇaka; alambhūta.

sufficiently : (adv.) pariyattaṃ; paripuṇṇaṃ; pahoṇakatāya.

suffix : (n.) paccaya. (v.t.) padante ghaṭeti. (pp.) padante ghaṭita.

suffocate : (v.t.) 1. sāsaṃ rodheti; 2. sāsaṃ nirumbhitvā māreti. (pp.) rodhitasāsa; sāsaṃ nirumbhitvā mārita.

suffocation : (nt.) sāsarodhana.

suffrage : (nt.) anumatidāna; chandabala.

suffuse : (v.t.) vyāpeti; vitthambheti; pattharati; pharati. (pp.) vyāpita; vitthambhita; patthaṭa; phuṭa.

suffusion : (nt.) pattharaṇa; vyāpana.

sugar : (f.) sukkharā. (v.t.) sakkharā yojeti. (pp.) yojitasakkhara.

sugar candy : (f.) khaṇḍasakkharā.

sugar cane : (m.) ucchu.

sugar mill : (nt.) ucchuyanta.

sugary : (adj.) sakkharāyutta.

suggesness : (nt.) sūcakatta; vyañjakatta.

suggest : (v.t.) samupaṭṭhapeti; sūceti. (pp.) samupaṭṭhapita; sūcita.

suggestion : (f.) parikappanā; matayojanā.

suggestive : (adj.) sūcaka; vyañjaka.

suicidal : (adj.) attanāsaka; attaghātaka.

suicide : (m.) 1. attvadha; 2. attaghātī.

suilline : (adj.) sūkaragaṇika.

suit : (nt.) nivāsanayugala; yuga; yamaka. (f.) vivāhayojanā; codanā. (m.) abhiyoga. (v.i.) kappati; vaṭṭati; yujjati. (v.t.) yoggaṃ karoti; saṅghaṭeti. (pp.) kappita; yutta; yoggakata; saṅghaṭita.

suitable : (adj.) yogga; anurūpa; anucchavika; sāruppa.

suitableness : (nt.) ocitya; yoggatta; sāruppatta.

suitably : (adv.) yathocitaṃ.

suite : (m.) 1. parijana; parivāra; 2. paribhogabhaṇḍarāsi. (f.) ovarakapanti; turiyasāmaggi.

suitor : (m.) 1. abhiyuñjaka; 2. vivāhatthī.

sulk : (v.i.) dummukhī hoti.

sulkiness : (f.) asantuṭṭhi.

sulky : (adj.) dummana.

sullen : (adj.) khinna; anattamana.

sulleness : (nt.) dummukhatta; dummanatta.

sulleny : (adv.) khinnākārena.

sully : (v.t.) kalaṅketi; dūseti. (pp.) kalaṅkita; dūsita.

sulphur : (nt.) gandhaka.

sulphurous : (adj.) gandhakayutta.

sultriness : (nt.) gimhādhikatta.

sultry : (adj.) gimhādhika; tāpakara.

sum : (f.) gaṇanā; sākalla. (nt.) saṅkalana. (m.) samāhāra; piṇḍattha. (v.t.) 1. gaṇeti; saṅkaleti; 2. saṅkhipati; samāharati. (pp.) gaṇita; saṅkalita; saṅkhitta; samāhaṭa.

summarily : (adv.) saṅkhepavasena.

summarise : (v.t.) saṅkhipati; sāraṃsam uddharati. (pp.) khitta; uddhaṭasāraṃsa.

summary : (m.) uddesa; saṅkhittasaṅgaha; saṅkhepa.

summation : (nt.) saṅkalana.

summer : (m.) gimhāna; nidāghasamaya. (v.i.) gimhānaṃ vītināmeti.

summer solstice : (nt.) uttarāyana.

summerless : (adj.) gimhānarahita.

summersault : see Somersult.

summery : (adj.) gimhika.

summit : (nt.) kūṭa; sikhara; siṅga. (m.) matthaka; muddhā.

summon : (v.t.) adhikaraṇam avheti; pakkosati; āṇāpeti. (pp.) avhita; pakkosita; āṇāpita. (nt.; plu.) adhikaraṇavhāna; āṇāpana.

summum bonum : (nt.) accantasukha; nibbāṇā.

sumpter : (m.) bhāravāhī-assa.

sumption : (nt.) udāharaṇa.

sumptuary : (adj.) paribbayaniyāmaka.

sumptuous : (adj.) bahuparibbaya; tittikara.

sumptuously : (adv.) adhikavayena; paṇīṭākārena.

sun : (m.) suriya; ādicca; dinakara; ravi; bhānumantu; divākara; sataraṃsi; aṃsumālī; bhānu. (v.t.) ātape nidahati. (v.i.) ātapaṃ tapati; ātape nisīdati. (pp.) ātape nihita; tapitātapa; ātape nisinna.

sun-like : (adj.) suriyopama.

sunbeam : (m.) ravikiraṇa.

sunburnt : (adj.) ātapatatta.

Sunday : (m.) ravivāra.

sunder : see Separate.

sundial : (f.) suriyaghaṭī.

sundry : (adj.) bahuvidha; nānākāra; vividha.

sunflower : suriyāvattī puppha.

sunless : (adj.) nirātapa.

sunlight : (m.) suriyātapa.

sunny : (adj.) ātapasahita.

sunrise : (m.) suriyodaya.

sunset : (nt.) suriyatthaṅgamana.

sunshade : (nt.) chatta; ātapatta.

sunshine : (m.) suriyātapa.

sup : (v.i.) sāyamāsaṃ bhuñjati. (pp.) bhuttasāyamāsa.

super : (pref.) ati; adhi; adhika; atisaya.

super-eminence : (nt.) atyuttamatta; atiseṭṭhatta.

super-eminent : (adj.) atiseṭṭha; atiuttama.

super-erogation : (nt.) atirekakiccakaraṇa.

super-erogatory : (adj.) atirekakiccadāyī.

super-essential : (adj.) accāvassaka.

superable : (adj.) abhibhavanīya; sukhasādhiya.

superabundance : (nt.) atibahulatta.

superabundant : (adj.) accādhika.

superadd : (v.t.) adhikaṃ sambandheti. (pp.) adhikaṃ sambandhita.

superaddition : (nt.) adhikataraghaṭana.

superannuated : (adj.) vayovuddha.

superb : (adj.) atisobhana; atirucira.

superbly : (adv.) atiruciratāya.

superbness : (nt.) atisobhanatta.

supercargo : (m.) nāvābhaṇḍādhikārī.

superciliary : (adj.) bhamukipariṭhita.

supercilious : (adj.) atidappita; abhimānī.

superciliously : (adv.) uddhatākārena.

superexcellence : (nt.) ativisiṭṭhatta.

superexcellent : (adj.) ativisiṭṭha; atiseṭṭha.

superficial : (adj.) 1. uttāna; agambhīra; 2. appamattaka; 3. anipuṇa; 4. bāhira.

superficiality : (nt.) uttānatta; appamattakatta.

superficially : (adv.) bāhiravasena; agambhīratāya.

superfine : (adj.) 1. atisukhuma; 2. atisundara; suparisuddha.

superfluous : (adj.) atiritta; accadhika; niratthaka.

superfluousness : (nt.) adhikatta; niratthakatta.

superhuman : (adj.) manussattātīta; amānusika.

superimpose : (v.t.) matthake āropeti. (pp.) matthake āropita.

superintend : (v.t.) kammantaṃ vicāreti or saṃvidahati. (pp.) vicāritakammanta; saṃvihitakammanta.

superintendence : (f.) kammantavicāraṇā.

superintendent : (m.) kammantanāyaka; ajjhakkhaka; avekkhaka.

superior : (m.) 1. seṭṭhādhikārī; 2. ārāmādhipati. (adj.) uccatarapadaṭṭha; parama; uttama.

superiority : (nt.) seṭṭharatta; ukkaṭṭhatta.

superlative : (adj.; n.) seṭṭhatama; sabbuttama.

superlatively : (adv.) accantaṃ; atisayena.

supermundane : (adj.) lokuttara.

supernal : (adj.) devāyatta.

supernatant : (adj.) upari plavamāna.

supernatural : (adj.) alokika; atimānusa.

superposition : (nt.) upariṭhapana. (f.) upariṭṭhiti.

superscribe : (v.t.) upari likhati; silādisu likhati. (pp.) upari or silādisu likhita.

supersede : (v.t.) ekam apanetvā aññaṃ niyojeti.

supersession : (nt.) aññassa ṭhāne niyojana.

superstition : (f.) micchāmati. (nt.) ayathāsaddahana.

superstitious : (adj.) micchāmatika.

superstitiously : (adv.) micchāmatānugamanena.

superstructure : (nt.) uparimandira.

supervene : (v.i.) anusijjhati; antaraṃ pāpuṇāti. (pp.) anusiddha; antarappatta.

supervise : (v.t.) paripāleti. (pp.) paripālita.

supervision : (nt.) paripālana; paṭiavekkhana.

supervisor : (m.) paripāletu.

supine : (adj.) uttānasay; nirussaha. (nt.) (in gram : ) tumantapada.

supinely : (adv.) uttānamukhatāya; ālassena.

supiness : (nt.) 1. uttānamukhatta; 2. nirīhakatta.

supper : (nt.) rattibhojana.

supplant : (v.t.) upāyena apaneti; aññassa adhikāraṃ (upāyena) gaṇhāti. (pp.) upāyena apanīta; aññassagahitādhikāra.

supple : (adj.) sunamya; komala.

supplement : (v.t.) ūnaṃ pūreti; atirekaṃ yojeti. (pp.) ūnapūrita; yojitātireka. (nt.) ūnapūraṇa. (m.) upagantha; parisiṭṭhasaṅgaha.

supplementary : (adj.) ūnapūraka.

suppliance : (f.) abhiyācanā.

suppliant : (m.) āyācaka; patthetu. (adj.) āyācamāna.

suppliantly : (adv.) sagāravaṃ; āyācanapubbakaṃ.

supplicant : (m.) abhiyācaka.

supplicate : (v.t.) sagāravaṃ yācati. (pp.) sagāravaṃ yācita.

supplication : (f.) sagāravāyācanā.

supplicatory : (adj.) savinaya; sagārava.

supply : (v.t.) sampādeti; upaṭṭhapeti. (pp.) sampādita; upaṭṭhapita. (nt.) 1. sampādana; 2. sampādita-bhaṇḍa.

supplying : (adj.) sampādaka.

support : (m.) upatthambha; nissaya; avassaya; paggaha; ādhāra. (f.) patiṭṭhā. (v.t.) 1. upatthambheti; sandhāreti; 2. (life : ) bharati; poseti; 3. sahati; dhāreti; 4. anumaññati. (pp.) upatthambhita; sandhārita; bhata; posita; sahita; dhārita; anumata.

supportable : (adj.) upatthambhiya; paṭipādanīya.

supportless : (adj.) nirādhāra.

suppose : (v.i.t.) parikappeti; anumāneti. (pp.) parikappita; anumānita.

supposition : (f.) parikappanā. (m.) anumāna.

supposititious : (adj.) anumānamattaka; parikappamattaka.

suppositive : (adj.) anumānavācaka.

suppress : (v.t.) abhibhoti; nimmathati; nirumbheti. (pp.) abhibhūta; nimmathita; nirumbhita.

suppression : (m.) niggaha. (nt.) nimmathana; nirumbana.

suppressive : (adj.) niggaṇhaka; nirumbhaka.

suppresser : (m.) niggahetu; vikkhambhetu; paṭibāhetu.

suppurate : (v.i.) pūyaṃ janeti. (pp.) janitapūya.

suppuration : (nt.) pūyajanana.

suppurative : (adj.) pūyajanaka.

supremacy : (f.) atiseṭṭhatā; pāmokkhatā. (nt.) ādhipacca.

supreme : (adj.) anuttara; seṭṭhatama; accukkaṭṭha.

supreme court : (nt.) seṭṭhādhikaraṇa.

supremely : (adv.) seṭṭhākārena; visiṭṭhatāya.

surcease : (nt.) nivattana; osāna. (f.) appavatti. (v.i.) nivattati; viramati.

surcharge : (nt.) atirekamūlaniyamana. (v.t.) 1. accantaṃ pūreti; 2. atirekamūlaṃ niyameti. (pp.) accantaṃ pūrita; niyamitātirekamūla.

surcoat : (m.) sannāhoparikañcuka.

surd : (nt.) aghosakkhara.

sure : (adj.) niyata; ekanta; ekaṃsika; nicchita; asandiddha; nissaṃsaya.

sure ship : (f.) pāṭibhogitā.

surely : (adv.) nissaṃsayaṃ; addhā; dhuvaṃ; nūnaṃ; ve; have; kāmaṃ; jātu; ekantaṃ.

sureness : (nt.) nissaṃsayatta; nicchitatta.

surety : (m.) 1. pāṭibhoga; 2. pāṭibhogī.

surf : (f.) velāvici. (m.) taraṅga.

surface : (nt.) tala; piṭṭha. (m.) matthaka.

surfeit : (nt.) atimattabhojana; suhitatta. (v.t.) atipūreti. (v.i.) atibhuñjati. (pp.) atipūrita; atibhutta.

surge : (m.) ulloka; kallola. (f.) mahāvīci. (v.i.) saṅkhubhati; vīci viya uṭṭhāti. (pp.) saṅkhubbhita; vīci viya uṭṭhita.

surgeon : (m.) sallakatta; sallvejja.

surgery : (nt.) sallakattiya. (f.) sallakattasālā.

surgical : (adj.) sallakammāyatta.

surgical instrument : (nt.) sallāyudha.

surgical operation : (nt.) sallakamma.

surlily : (adv.) pharusākārena.

surliness : (nt.) pharusatta.

surly : (adj.) pharusa; kakkhala.

surmise : (m.) anumāna. (nt.) parikappana. (v.i.) anumeti; parikappeti. (pp.) anumita; parikappita.

surmiser : (m.) takkika; anumetu.

surmount : (v.t.) 1. atikkamitvā yāti; 2. sikharam āruhati; 3. bādhakam abhimaddati. (pp.) atikkamitvā yāta; sikhram ārūḷha; abhimadditabādaka.

surname : (nt.) gottanāma; kulanāma. (v.t.) kulanāmaṃ yojeti.

surpass : (v.t.) atikkamati; atiseti; visiṭṭhataṃ yāti. (pp.) atikkanta; atisita; visiṭṭhataṃ yāta.

surpassing : (adj.) visiṭṭhatara.

surpassingly : (adv.) visiṭṭhākārena.

surplice : (m.) uttarakañcuka.

surplus : (m.) atireka; atirittabhāga.

surprise : (m.) vimhaya. (nt.) sahasāpakkhandana. (v.t.) 1. vimhayāpeti; sahasā pāpuṇāti. (pp.) vimhayāpita; sahasā patta.

surprised : (adj.) vimhita.

surprising : (adj.) acchariyāvaha; vimhayajanaka.

surprisingly : (adv.) vimhayajanakā-kārena.

surrender : (nt.) paravasagamana; samappaṇa. (v.i.) paravasaṃ yāti; attādhīnattaṃ cajati. (pp.) paravasaṃ yāta; cattattādhīnatta.

surreptitious : (adj.) gūḷha; paṭicchanna; rahokata.

surreptitiously : (adv.) gūḷhākārena; raho.

surround : (v.t.) parikkhipati; parivāreti. (pp.) parikkhitta; parivārita.

surrounding : (adj.) samantāṭhita.

surroundings : (m.; plu.) parivāra; parisara.

surtax : (m.) atireka-kara.

surveillance : (nt.) upaparikkhaṇa.

survey : (nt.) avekkhaṇa; parikkhaṇa; parimiṇana. (f.) saṅkhittappavatti. (v.t.) 1. avekkhati; nirikkhati; anuviloketi; 2. parimiṇāti; 3. anuvicāreti. (pp.) avekkhita nirikkhita; anuvilokita; parimita; anuvicārita.

surveyor : (m.) bhūmimāṇaka; rajjugāhaka.

survival : (nt.) atikkammajīvana; puna-jīvana.

survive : (v.t.i.) 1. aticca jīvati; 2. puna jīvati.

survivor : (m.) aticca-jīvī; puna-jīvī; matāvasiṭṭha-puggala.

susceptibility : (nt.) sunamyatta. (m.) mudusabhāva.

susceptible : (adj.) muducitta; onamanasīla.

suspect : (adj.) saṅkitabba. (m.) saṅkitapuggala. (v.t.) āsaṅkati; parisaṅkati; kaṅkhati. (pp.) āsaṅkita; parisaṅkhita; kaṅkhita.

suspend : (v.t.) 1. olambeti; 2. (from office : ) adhikārā nirumbheti. (v.i.) olambati; olaggati. (pp.) adhikārā nirumbhita; olambita; olagga.

suspense : (m.) 1. avinicchaya; sandeha. (nt.) adhikāranirumbhana.

suspension : (nt.) 1. olambana; 2. adhikāranirumbhana.

suspensory : (adj.) olambamāna.

suspicion : (f.) āsaṅkā; kaṅkhā; vimati. (m.) sandeha.

suspicious : (adj.) 1. saṅkanīya; sāsaṅka; 2. saṅkākula; āsaṅkita.

suspire : (v.i.) nissasati.

sustain : (v.t.) 1. bharati; poseti; 2. pariharati; pavatteti; paṭipādeti; 3. sahati; vindati; dhāreti. (pp.) bhata; posita; parihaṭa; pavattita; paṭipadita; sahita; vindita; dhārita.

sustainable : (adj.) bharitabba; vindanīya; dhāretabba.

sustainer : (m.) dhārī; vinditu; bharitu.

sustainment : (nt.) upatthambhana.

sustenance : (nt.) yāpana; jīvana; anna. (f.) jīvikā. (m.) āhāra; jīvanādhāra.

sustentation : (nt.) jīvanavetana.

susurrant : (adj.) nitthunanta.

susurrus : (nt.) nitthunana. (m.) dubbalasadda.

suture : (nt.) sibbana; sambandhana. (m.) sibbanīmagga. (f.) sīsasibbanī.

suzerain : (m.) adhīsa.

swag bellied : (adj.) lambodara.

swab : (f.) pariyādāyakapuñchanī. (v.t.) (tāya) puñchati. (pp.) puñchita.

swaddle : (v.t.) vatthehi paḷiveṭheti or oguṇṭheti. (pp.) vatthehi paḷiveṭhita or oguṇṭhita.

swag : (v.i.) olambati. (pp.) olambita.

swagger : (v.i.) gabbitākārena carati; vikatthati. (pp.) gabbitākārena carita; vikatthita.

swaggy : (adj.) lambamāna.

swain : (m.) 1. taruṇa-jānapadika; 2. vivāhatthī.

swallow : (m.) jalasakuṇa; galanāḷa. (nt.) ajjhoharaṇa; āhārakabala. (v.t.i.) gilati; ajjhoharati. (pp.) gilita; ajjhohaṭa.

swamp : (m.) anupa; palipa. (v.t.) osīdāpeti; nimuggāpeti. (pp.) osīdāpita; nimuggāpita.

swampy : (adj.) palipayutta.

swan : (m.) haṃsa.

swan like : (adj.) haṃsasadisa.

swanery : (nt.) haṃsaposanaṭṭhāna.

sward : (f.) saddalabhūmi.

swarm : (f.) ghaṭā. (m.) gumba; saṅkulasamūha. (v.i.) 1. gumbavasena sannipatati; 2. vāyamanto āruhati. (pp.) gumbavasena sannipatita; vāyamanto ārūḷha.

swart : (adj.) kāḷavaṇṇa.

swarthy : (adj.) kāḷavaṇṇa.

swash : (m.) udakakkhepasadda. (v.t.) vegena udakaṃ khipati.

swathe : (f.) dussapaṭṭikā. (v.t.) paṭṭikāhi paḷiveṭheti. (pp.) paṭṭikāhi paḷiveṭhita.

sway : (nt.) 1. pabhutta; ādhipacca; 2. dolāyana. (v.i.) 1. dolāyati; 2. agatiṃ yāti. (v.t.) āṇaṃ pavatteti. (pp.) dolāyita; agatiṃ yāta; āṇaṃ pavattita.

sway backed : (adj.) onatapiṭṭhika.

swear : (v.i.) sapati; sapthaṃ karoti. (v.t.) sapathaṃ kāreti. (pp.) sapita; katasapatha; kāritasapatha.

swearer : (m.) sapathakārī.

swearing : (nt.) sapana. (m.) sapatha.

sweat : (m.) seda. (v.t.) sedaṃ moceti. (v.i.) sedo muccati. (pp.) mocitaseda; muttaseda.

sweater : (m.) antarakañcuka.

sweatiness : (nt.) sedakilinnatta.

sweaty : (adj.) sedatinta.

sweep : (nt.) sammajjana; visayaṭṭhāna; sīghagamana. (m.) dhūmanettasodhaka. (v.t.) 1. sammajjati; 2. javenadhāvati. (pp.) samaṭṭha; javenadhāvita.

sweeper : (m.) sammajjaka.

sweeping : (nt.) sammajjana.

sweepings : (m.) kacavara. (nt.) saṅkārajāta.

sweet : (m.) madhurāhāra. (nt.) khajjaka. (adj.) 1. madhura; paṇīta; 2. cāru; manuñña.

sweet potato : (f.) badālatā.

sweet scented : (adj.) sugandhī.

sweet tempered : (adj.) somma; pasannākāra.

sweet voiced : (adj.) mañjubhāṇaka; madhurassara.

sweeten : (v.t.) madhurīkaroti.

sweetheart : (f.) vallabha; piya; vivāhāpekkha.

sweetly : (adv.) madhurākārena.

sweetmeat : (nt.) madhurakhajjaka.

sweetness : (nt.) madhuratta.

swell : (v.i.) uddhumāyati. (v.t.) vitthambheti. (pp.) uddhumāyita; vitthambhita.

swelling : (nt.) uddhumāyana. (m.) sopha; gaṇḍa.

swelter : (nt.) ghammādhikatta. (v.i.) ghammena pīḷīyati or kilamati. (pp.) ghammena pīḷīta or kilanta.

sweltry : (adj.) ghammṇhitatta.

swerve : (nt.) uppathagamana; maggāpagamana. (v.i.) supathā apayāti; ummagge yāti. (pp.) upathā apayāta; ummagge yāta.

sweveless : (adj.) apagamanarahita.

swift : (adj.) sīgha; turita; avilambita.

swiftly : (adv.) sīghaṃ; turitaṃ; āsu.

swiftness : (nt.) sīghatta; turitatta. (m.) java; vega.

swill : (nt.) 1. pakkhālana; 2. sagedha-pivana. (v.t.i.) 1. pakkhāleti; 2. gedhena pivati. (pp.) pakkhālita; gedhena pīta.

swiller : (m.) atimattapāyī.

swim : (nt.) udakaplavana; taraṇa. (v.i.) udake plavati. (v.t.) udakaṃ tarati. (pp.) udake plavita; tiṇṇodaka.

swimmer : (m.) plavaka; taritu.

swimming : (nt.) plavana; taraṇa.

swimmingly : (adv.) anāyāsena; sukhena.

swindle : (f.) vañcanā; palambhanā. (v.t.i.) see Cheat.

swine : (m.; plu.) 1. sūkaragaṇa; 2. nīcajana.

swine-herd : (m.) sūkarapāla.

swing : (nt.) 1. dolāyana; 2. dolāyitavatthu. (v.i.) dolāyati; āviñjati. (v.t.) cāleti; pājeti; bhamāpeti. (pp.) dolāyita; āviñjita; cālita; pājita; bhamāpita.

swinge : (v.t.) daḷhaṃ potheti. (pp.) daḷhaṃ pothita.

swinging : (adj.) dolāyamāna.

swinging round : (adj.) āviñjanaka.

swingle : (m.) sāṇadhovakadaṇḍa. (v.t.) sāṇaṃ sodheti. (pp.) sodhitasāṇa.

swinish : (adj.) sūkaropama.

swipe : (v.t.) bāḷhaṃ paharati. (pp.) bāḷhaṃ pahaṭa.

swiper : (m.) gāḷhappahāradāyī.

swirl : (m.) salilāvaṭṭa. (v.i.) paribbhamati. (v.t.) bhame uppādeti. (pp.) paribbhanta; uppāditabhama.

swish : (v.t.) vettādīni nabbe cāletvā sadaṃ uppādeti.

switch : (f.) chinnapasākhā; vijjubalakuncikā. (m.) kittimakesapuñja. (nt.) vijjuppavāhaniyāmaka. (v.t.) 1. sākhāya tāḷeti; 2. vijjubalaṃ payojeti; 3. dhūmarathaṃ yathāmaggaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) sākhāya tāḷita; payojitavijjubala; dhūmarathaṃ yathāmaggaṃ pāpita.

switchboard : (m.; nt.) vijjukuñcikāphalaka.

swollen : (adj.) 1. uddhumāta; sūna; 2. saṅkhubhita.

swoon : (f.) mucchā; visaññitā. (v.i.) mucchati; visaññīhoti. (pp.) mucchita; visaññībhūta.

swoop : (nt.) opatana; pakkhandana; ajjhottharaṇa. (v.i.t.) sahasā ajjhottharati or pakkhandati. (pp.) sahasā ajjhotthaṭa; pakkhanta.

swop : (m.) bhaṇḍavinimaya. (v.t.) bhaṇḍaṃ vinimeti. (pp.) vinimitabhaṇḍa

sword : (m.) khagga; nettiṃsa || blade of a sword: (nt.) khaggatala; asipatta.

sword and shield : (nt.) asi-camma.

sword bearer : (m.) khaggadhara; asiggāhaka.

swordfish : (m.) makaravisesa.

swordsman : (m.) khaggadhara; asiggāhaka.

sworn : (adj.) abhisatta.

sworn foe : (m.) balavaverī.

swot : (nt.) balavuggahaṇa. (v.i.) atandito uggaṇhāti.

sybarite : (m.) kāmabhogī.

sycophant : (m.) cāṭukamya; parūpajīvā.

syllable : (nt.) uccāriyakkhara; vyañjanapada.

syllabus : (nt.) niddesapaṇṇa.

syllogism : (m.) tidhābhūta-takka.

syllogize : (v.t.) takkaṃ dasseti.

sylph : (f.) bhūtadevatā.

sylvan : (adj.) āraññaka; vanacchanna.

symbol : (nt.) ciṇha; visesalakkhaṇa.

symbolic : (adj.) ciṇhāyatta; visesaviññāpaka.

symbolical : (adj.) ciṇhāyatta; visesaviññāpaka.

symbolise : (v.t.) lakkhaṇehi viññāpeti or nirūpeti. (v.i.) nidassanavasena pavattati. (pp.) lakkhaṇehi viññāpita or nirūpita; nidassanavasena pavatta.

symbolism : (f.) lakkhaṇapaddhati.

symbolize : (v.t.) lakkhaṇehi viññāpeti or nirūpeti. (v.i.) nidassanavasena pavattati. (pp.) lakkhaṇehi viññāpita or nirūpita; nidassanavasena pavatta.

symmetrical : (adj.) yathāpamāṇayutta; saṅgatāvayava.

symmetrically : (adv.) saṅgatabhāvena.

symmetrize : (v.t.) ubhayasamattaṃ pāpeti; saṅgataṃ karoti. (pp.) ubhayasamattaṃ pāpita; saṅgataṃ kata.

symmetry : (f.) saṅgatāvayavatā; anukūlatā; nigrodhaparimaṇḍalatā.

sympathetic : (adj.) anukampaka; anumodaka.

sympathise : (v.i.) anukampati; samanuñño hoti.

sympathy : (f.) anukampā; samasukhadukkhatā.

symphonic : (adj.) samasarayutta.

symphony : (f.) samānassaratā.

symposium : (m.) 1. nānāmatasaṅgaha; 2. madhupānussava. (nt.) dassanikasambhāsana.

symptom : (nt.) pubbanimitta; rogalakkhaṇa.

symptomatic : (adj.) sūcaka; ñāpaka; nimittabhūta.

symptomatology : (m.) rogalakkhaṇa-vibhāga.

synagogue : (nt.) Yādava-devāyatana.

synchronism : (nt.) samakālikatta.

synchronise : (v.i.) samakāle vattati; samakālikaṃ karoti. (pp.) samakāle vattita; samakālikaṃ kata.

synchronous : (adj.) samakālika; apubbācarima.

syncopate : (v.t.) majjhavaṇṇaṃ lopeti. (pp.) luttamajjhavaṇṇa.

syncopation : (nt.) majjhavaṇṇalopana.

syndicate : (nt.) adhikārīmaṇḍala. (f.) palakasabhā.

synod : (n.) dhammācariyasabhā.

synonym : (nt.) pariyāyavacana; vevacana. (m.) abhinnattha-sadda.

synonymic : pariyāyasaddappayojaka.

synonymous : (adj.) tulyatthaka.

synonymously : (adv.) samānatthakavasena.

synopsis : (m.) sārasaṅgaha.

synoptic : (adj.) sārasaṅgāhaka.

synovial fluid : (f.) lasikā.

syntactic : (adj.) vākyaracanāpaṭibaddha.

syntax : (m.) kārakayoga; vākyaracanāvidhi.

synthesis : (m.) saṃyoga. (f.) saṃhitā; sandhi.

synthetic : (adj.) saṃyogāyatta; saṃyutta.

syphilis : (m.) upadaṃsaroga.

syphilous : (adj.) upadaṃsātura.

syringe : (f.) vatthi. (nt.) siṅgaka. (v.t.) vatthiṃ yojeti; vatthiyā sodheti. (pp.) vatthiyojita; vatthisodhita.

syrup : (nt.) pānaka.

systaltic : (adj.) phandamānaka; saṅkoca-vitthambhanayutta.

system : (f.) paṭipāṭi; rīti; paddhati; kappanā. (m.) yojitakkama.

systematic : (adj.) kamānugata.

systematically : (adv.) yathākkamaṃ; yathānurūpaṃ.

systematism : (nt.) vavatthāpana.

systematise : (v.t.) vavatthapeti; niyameti. (pp) vavatthapita; niyamita.

systemic : sakaladehāyatta.

systole : (nt.) hadayasaṅkocana.

syzygy : (m.) gahasaṃyoga. (nt.) gahayuddha.

-ooOoo-
A     B     C     D     E     F
G     H     I     J     K     L
M     N     O     P     Q     R
S     T     U     V     W     X,Y,Z

Contents | Top of Page

Pali-Viet Dictionary | Pali-English Dictionary | English Index
last updated: 25-05-2003


//----------------------------------------------------------


Main Page

Using Unicode VU-Times font




English-Pali Dictionary
by Metta Net, Sri Lanka





- T -

tabard : (m.) 1. sannāhoparikañcuka; 2. dīnānaṃ uttarakañcuka.

tabby : (f.) jappakamahallikā; dhūsarabilālī. (m.) koseyyavisesa.

tabefaction : (f.) sarīrahāni. (nt.) dehapārijuñña.

tabernacle : (f.) dussakuṭikā, saṃhārimakuṭi. (nt.) yādavadevamandira.

tabes : (m.) khayaroga.

tabetic : (adj.; m.) khayarogātura.

tablature : (nt.) ālikhitacitta.

table : (m.) phalakādhāra; (for writing : ) lekhanaphalaka. (f.) (of contents : ) mātikā. (nt.) uddāna.

tableland : (m.) sānu. (v.t.) 1. ādhārake ṭhapeti; 2. lekhanādīni abhiharati. (pp.) ādhārake ṭhapita; abhihaṭalekhanādi.

tablet : (f.) āvaṭṭikā. (m.; nt.) saṇṭhānaphalaka.

taboo : (m.) paṭikkhepa; visuṃkatapuggala. (nt.) visuṃkatavatthu. (v.t.) 1. puthakkaroti; 2. paṭikkipati; paccakkhāti. (pp.) puthakkata; paṭikkhitta; paccakkhāta.

tabor : (m.) mudiṅga.

tabular : (adj.) 1. phalakākāra; 2. vaggavasena vibhatta; kamānugata.

tabulate : (v.t.) vaggavasena vibhajati; anukkamena likhati. (pp.) vaggavasena vibhatta; anukkamena likkhita.

tabulation : (nt.) mātikāvasena ṭhapana.

tachometer : (nt.) vegamāṇakayanta.

tacit : (adj.) tuṇhībhāvena ñāpita or sūcita.

taciturn : (adj.) appabhāsī.

taciturnity : (f.) appabhāsitā.

tack : (f.) chattayuttāṇi. (v.t.) chattayuttāṇīhi ghaṭeti. (pp.) chattayuttāṇīhi ghaṭita.

tackle : (v.t.) 1. ubhāhati; 2. sīgham ussahati. (pp.) ubbāhita; sīgham ussahita. (nt.) ubbāhakayanta; upakaraṇa. (m.) nivattāpaka.

tact : (nt.) cāturiya; kosalla; nepuñña.

tactful : (adj.) catura; kusala; nipuṇa.

tactfully : (adv.) kosallena; nepuññena.

tactics : (nt.) upāyakosalla; yuddhopāyakusalatta.

tactile : (adj.) phassapaṭibaddha; phusanīya.

tactless : (adj.) anipuṇa; adakkha.

tactual : (adj.) phassapaṭibaddha; phusanīya.

tadpole : (m.) bhekacchāpa.

taffeta : (nt.) vākapaṭṭavattha.

tag : (nt.) upadesavākya; pādukāpaṭṭikagga.

tag rag : (m.) nīcajana.

tail : (nt.) puccha; naṅguṭṭha. (m.) vāladhi. (v.t.) vāladhiṃ yojeti.

tailed : (adj.) sapuccha.

tailless : (adj.) akalaṅka; viraja; nimmala.

take : (v.t.) 1. gaṇhāti; ādāti; 2. harati; apaneti; 3. paṭiggaṇhāti. (pp.) gahita; ādinna; haṭa; apanīta; paṭiggahita.

take a bath : nahāyati.

take a seat : upavisati.

take away : apaneti.

take birth : uppajjati.

take breath : vissamati.

take care of : paṭijaggati.

take down : oharati; oropeti.

take flight : palāyati.

take food : bhuñjati.

take for granted : tathā ti sampaṭicchati.

take heart : dhitim uppādeti.

take hold of : upādāti.

take into account : citte nidahati.

take off : (a garment, etc.) omuñcati.

take out : nīharati.

take over : adhikāraṃ gaṇhāti.

take possession of : āvisati; adhigaṇhāti.

take rebirth : paccājāyati.

take up : paggaṇhāti.

take upon oneself : attani āropeti.

taken into account : (adj.) sallakkhita.

taken up : (adj.) samādinna.

taker : (m.) gāhī; ādāyī.

taking : (nt.) gahaṇa. (m.) ādāna. (adj.) manohara.

takingly : (adv.) manoharākārena.

tale : (f.) kiṃvadantī. (nt.) ākhyāna; pesuñña.

tale bearer : (m.) pisuṇavādī.

tale bearing : (nt.) pesuññaharaṇa.

talent : (m.) buddhippabhāva. (nt.) nepuñña.

talented : (adj.) paññavantu.

talentless : (adj.) nippañña; dummedha.

talion : (nt.) verasādhana.

talipot : (m.) tālarukkha.

talisman : (m.) kavaca. (nt.) parittāṇavatthu.

talismanic : (adj.) parittāṇabalayutta.

talk : (v.i.t.) ālapati; sallapati; sambhāsati. (pp.) ālapita; sallapita; sambhāsita;. (m.) ālāpa; sallāpa. (nt.) sambhāsana; kathana.

talk friend-lily : samullapati.

talk nonsense : palapati.

talk over : saññāpeti.

talk round : pariyāyena vadati.

talkative : (adj.) mukhara; vācāla.

talkativeness : (f.) bahubhāṇitā.

talker : (m.) sallapaka; sambhāsaka.

tall : (adj.) ucca; tuṅga; unnata; vikatthaka.

tallness : (f.) uccatā. (m.) unnatabhāva.

tallow : (f.) vapā.

tallow faced : (adj.) paṇḍumukha.

tally : (f.) nāmaṅkita-salākā. (nt.) samānavatthu. (v.i.) sameti. (pp.) samita.

talon : (m.) nakhapañjara.

talus : (nt.) gopphakaṭṭhi.

tameable : (adj.) damma; vineyya; damanāraha.

tamarind : (f.) ciñcā; tintiṇī.

tamarisk : (m.) jhāvuka; picula.

tambour : (f.) ekatalabheri.

tambourine : (m.) muraja.

tame : (adj.) danta; vinīta; gharavaḍḍhita. (v.t.) dameti; vineti; sikkhāpeti || difficult to tame: duddamiya; avidheya.

tameness : (nt.) dantatta.

tamer : (m.) dametu; vinetu.

Tamil : (f.) Damiḷabhāsā. (m.) Damiḷajātika.

tamilian : (adj.) Damiḷāyatta.

taming : (nt.) damana; sikkhāpana.

tamper : (v.i.) 1. parakiccesu pavisati; 2. lekhanāni aññathā karoti; 3. lañcādīhi dūseti. (pp.) parakiccesu paviṭtha; aññathākatalekhana; lañcādīhi dūsita.

tan : (f.) kasaṭa-tacajāti. (m.) tambavaṇṇa. (v.t.) 1. cammaṃ paṭisaṅkharoti; 2. tambavaṇṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) cammaṃ paṭisaṅkhata; tambavaṇṇīkata.

tandem : (adv.) ekassa pacchato; ekam anu.

tang : (m.) ghaṇṭāsadisarāva. (v.t.) uccāsaddaṃ pavatteti. (pp.) pavatita-uccāsadda.

tangent : (f.) phusanarekhā.

tangible : (adj.) phassavisayaka; phusanīya.

tangle : (f.) jaṭā. (v.t.) jaṭeti; ākulīkaroti (pp.) jaṭita; ākulīkaroti.

tank : (f.) vāpi. (m.) jalāsaya.

tankage : (nt.) vāpigata-jalappamāṇa; āsaye ṭhapanāya vetana.

tanker : (f.) telāsayayutta-nāvā.

tanner : (m.) cammakāra.

tannery : (nt.) cammasodhanaṭṭhāna.

tanning : (nt.) cammsaṅkharaṇa.

tauntingly : (adv.) sopārambhaṃ; sopahāsaṃ.

tantalise : (v.t.) icchābhaṅgaṃ karoti; iccham aparipūretvā pīḷeti. (pp.) katicchābhaṅga; iccham aparipūretvā pīḷita.

tantamount : (adj.) tulyaphala; samānatthaka.

tantivy : (nt.) pakkhandana. (adj.) turita; sīgha.

tantrum : (m.) kopāvesa.

tap : (nt.) 1. sanikākoṭana; 2. jalanāḷapidhāna. (v.t.) 1. saṇikam ākoṭeti; lahuṃ abhihanati; 2. chiddaṃ karoti. (pp.) saṇikaṃ ākoṭita; lahuṃ abhihata; katachidda.

tap-root : (nt.) padhāna-mūla.

tape : (f.) dīghapaṭṭikā. (v.t.) dīghapaṭṭikāya ābandhati. (pp.) dīghapaṭṭikāya ābaddha.

taper : (f.) sitthadīpikā. (adj.) anupubbatanuka. (v.i.) anupubbena sikharataṃ yāti.

tapering : (adj.) siṅgākāra; anupubbasikharībhūta.

tapestry : (f.) citta-javanikā.

tapia : (m.) varaṇarukkha.

tapioca : (nt.) guḷikā-piṭṭha.

tapir : (m.) khuddaka-khaggavisāṇa.

tapster : (m.) majjabhājaka.

tar : (m.) sajjurasa. (v.t.) sajjurasena lepeti. (pp.) sajjurasena lepita.

tarantula : (f.) visalūtikā.

tardigrade : (adj.) mandagatikā.

tardily : (adv.) mandaṃ; sanikaṃ.

tardiness : (nt.) dandhatta; mantharatta.

tardy : (adj.) dandha; dīghasuttika; mandagatika.

tare : (m.) dhaññadūsaka; vāhana-peḷādi-bhāra.

target : (nt.) lakkha; vejjha.

targeteer : (m.) phalakadhara.

tariff : (nt.) suṅkapaṇṇa.

tarnish : (m.) malinabhāva; pabhānāsa. (v.t.) mandappabhaṃ or malinaṃ karoti. (v.i.) malinībhavati. (pp.) malinīkata; malinībhūta.

tarradiddle : (m.) musāvāda; micchālāpa.

tarry : (v.i.) vilambati; cirāyati. (v.t.) vilambeti. (pp.) vilambita; cirāyita. (adj.) sajjurasālitta.

tart : (m.) phalamodaka. (adj.) 1. ambila; kaṭuka; 2. mammacchedaka.

tartar : (nt.) dantamala; merayamala. (m.) tārakadesavāsī.

task : (nt.) kicca; kāriya. (m.) kiccabhāra. (v.t.) kiccabhāre niyojeti. (pp.) kiccabhāre niyojita.

task master : (m.) kiccaniyojaka.

tassel : (m.) suttagocchaka.

taste able : (adj.) assādanīya.

taste : (m.) rasa; assāda. (f.) ruci. (v.t.) assādeti; sāyati. (pp.) assādita; sāyita.

tasteful : (adj.) surasa; rucikara.

tasteless : (adj.) virasa; nirassāda.

taster : (m.) sāyaka.

tasting : (nt.) assādana.

tasty : (adj.) madhura; sādurasa.

tat : (m.) veḷukilañja. (v.t.) gantheti. (pp.) ghanthita.

tatter : (nt.) palaccara. (f.) pilotikā.

tattered : (adj.) jiṇṇa; palaccarabhūta.

tatting : (f.) ganthita-paṭṭiā.

tattle : (nt.) pajappana. (v.i.) pajjappati; palapati. (pp.) pajjappita; palapita.

tattler : (m.) pajappaka.

tattling : (nt.) palapana.

tattoo : (m.) yāmabherināda; yāmakāhala. (nt.) tace uṭṭhāpitarūpa. (v.t.) 1. yāmabheriṃ vādeti; 2. tace rūpāni samuṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) vāditayāmabhera; tace samuṭṭhāpitarūpa.

taunt : (f.) garahā; nindā. (m.) paribhava. (v.t.) nindati; upārabhati; garahati. (pp.) nindita; upāraddha; garahita.

taunting : (nt.) nindana.

taurine : (adj.) usabhopama.Taurus : (m.) usabharāsi.

taut : (adj.) asithila.

tautly : (adv.) asithilākārena.

tautologist : (m.) aññavacanehi tulyatthappakāsaka.

tautology : (f.) pariyāyena punarutti.

tavern : (nt.) pānāgāra.

tawdrily : (adv.) bahisobhanākārena.

tawdriness : (nt.) asaṅgatasobhanatta.

tawdry : (adj.) atimattālaṅkata; niratthaka-sobhana.

tawny : (adj.) piṅgala; kapila.

tax : (m.) kara; bali; suṅka. (v.t.) 1. karaṃ gaṇhāti or niyameti; 2. accantaṃ pīḷeti. (pp.) gahitakara; accantaṃ pīḷita.

tax collection : (m.) suṅkasaṅgāhaka.

taxable : (adj.) karāraha; karagāhiya.

taxation : (m.) karaggāha. (nt.) baliniyamana.

taxi : (m.) vetanika-sayaṃdhāvaka.

taxi-meter : (nt.) gatadūramāṇaka.

taxidermy : (nt.) anto pūretvā pasurūpasaṅkharaṇa.

taxis : (nt.) vaggīkaraṇa.

taxology : (nt.) vaggīkaraṇasattha.

tea : (nt.) cāhāpaṇṇa.

teach : (v.t.) uggaṇhāpeti; sikkhāpeti. (pp.) uggaṇhāpita; sikkhāpita.

teachable : (adj.) sikkhanārha.

teacher : (m.) ācariya; sikkhetu.

fee of a teacher : (f.) gurudakkhiṇā. (nt.) ācariyadhana.

teacher of a teacher : (m.) pācariya.

teaching : (nt.) ajjhāpana; sikkhāpana.

teak : (m.) phandanarukkha. (?)

teal : (m.) jalakāla.

team : (nt.) vāhakayuga. (m.) kīḷakagaṇa. (v.t.) 1. yuge yojeti; 2. pūgena kammaṃ kāreti. (pp.) yuge yojita; pūgena kāritakamma.

tear : (nt.) assu. (m.) bappa. (nt.) chidda; vidāritaṭṭhāna. (v.t.) vidāreti; padāleti. (pp.) vidārita; padālita.

tear off : uppāṭeti.

tear out : ubbatteti.

tearful : (adj.) assumukha; assupuṇṇa.

tearfully : (adv.) assumukhena.

tearing : (nt.) vidāraṇa; uppāṭana; uddālana. (adj.) 1. vidāraka; 2. ghora; dāruṇa.

tearless : (adj.) nirassuka.

tease : (m.) vihesaka. (v.t.) heṭheti; viheṭheti; hiṃsati; vihiṃsati. (pp.) heṭhita; viheṭhita; hiṃsita; vihiṃsita.

teaser : (m.) 1. viheṭhaka; 2. dubbodhapañha.

teasing : (nt.) vihesana.

teat : (nt.) cūcuka; thanagga.

technical : (adj.) pāribhāsika; sippanissita.

technicality : (m.) pāribhāsikasadda.

technically : (adv.) sippāyattavasena.

technics : (f.) sippakalā.

technique : (nt.) kalākosalla.

technology : (nt.) kalāviññāṇa. (f.) sippavijjā.

tectonic : (nt.) nimmāṇasippa. (adj.) (gharādi-) nimmāṇavisayaka.

Ted : (v.t.) (tiṇādiṃ) vikirati; viyūhati. (pp.) vikiṇṇa; viyūhita.

tedious : (adj.) 1. āyāsakara; parissamāvaha; 2. mandapavattika.

tediously : (adv.) āyāsakaratāya.

tediousness : (nt.) āyāsakaratta.

teem : (v.t.) nikkhāmeti; nicchāreti; ossajati. (pp.) nikkhāmita; nicchārita ossaṭṭha. (adj.) see Abound.

teemless : (adj.) abahula; virala.

teens : (f.; plu.) dvādasa-vīsati-antare vassagaṇanā.

teethe : (v.i.) 1. dantā jāyanti; 2. dante chindati. (pp.) jātadanta; chinnadanta.

teething : (m.) dantuggama.

teetotal : (adj.) majjanisedhanāyatta.

teetotaller : (m.) majjapaṭisedhī.

teetotalism : (nt.) majjapaṭisedhana.

teetotum : (f.) bamarikā.

tegument : (nt.) āvaraka-camma.

telegram : (m.) vijjusandesa.

telegraph : (nt.) vijjusandesapesaka-yanta. (v.t.) vijjusandesanaṃ peseti.

telegraphic : (adj.) vijjusāsanāyatta.

telegraphist : (m.) vijjusāsanapesaka.

telegraphy : (f.) vijjusāsanavijjā.

teleology : (f.) mūlahetuvijjā. (m.) paramtthavāda.

telepathy : (nt.) paracittajānana.

telephone : (nt.) dūrabhāsana (yanta).

telescope : (nt.) dūradassaka.

television : (nt.) dibbacakkhu.

tell : (v.t.i.) vadati; bhāseti; bhaṇati; akkhāti; ācikkhati. (pp.) vutta; bhāsita; bhaṇita; akkhāta; ācikkhita.

tell-tale : (m.) pisuṇāvādī.

teller : (m.) vattu; akkhātu; bāsitu.

telling : (nt.) kathana; bhāsana.

tellurian : (m.) paṭhavivāsī.

tellurium : (m.) setalohavisesa.

temenos : (nt.) pujjaṭṭhāna.

temerarious : (adj.) sāhasika; nibbhaya.

temerity : (f.) asamekkhakāritā.

temper : (m.) cittasabhāva. (f.) dosapakati. (nt.) lohadaḷhatta; yojita-missana. (v.t.) 1. siniddhaṃ or kammaññaṃ karoti; 2. misseti; saṃyojeti. (pp.) siniddhakata; missita; saṃyojita.

temperament : (m.) puggalikasabhāva.

temperamental : (adj.) niccaparivattī.

temperance : (nt.) parimitatta. (m.) niggaha; saṃyama.

temperate : (adj.) 1. pamāṇayutta; 2. saṃyata; upasanta.

temperate in eating : (adj.) mitāhāra; bhojane mattaññū.

temperately : (adv.) mattaññutāya; santākārena.

temperature : (nt.) tejopamāṇa.

tempest : (m.) 1. vāyusaṅkhobha; 2. mahākolāhala.

tempestuous : (adj.) saṅkhobhayutta.

tempestuously : (adv.) khubhitākārena.

temple : (nt.) devāyatana; devaṭṭhāna. (m.) lalāṭanta.

temporal : (adj.) 1. ihalokika; 2. tāvakālika.

temporality : (nt.) 1. tāvakālikatta; 2. saṅghika-dhana.

temporalty : (m.) upāsakagaṇa.

temporarily : (adv.) kālikavasena.

temporary : (adj.) aciraṭṭhāyī; sāmayika.

temporise : (v.t.) tāvakālikaṃ karoti; ayathā papañceti. (pp.) tāvakālikaṃ kata; ayathā papañcita.

tempt : (v.t.) palobheti; vimoheti. (pp.) palobhita; vimohita.

temptation : (nt.) palobhana.

tempter : (m.) palobhaka.

tempting : (adj.) palobhanaka; cittākaḍḍhaka.

temptingly : (adv.) palobhakākārena.

temptress : (f.) palobhikā.

ten : (adj.; 3.) dasa || in ten ways: (adv.) dasadhā.

ten times : (adv.) dasakkhattuṃ.

ten-thousand : (nt.) nahuta; dasa-sahassa.

tenability : (nt.) akhaṇḍiyatta.

tenable : (adj.) 1. rakkhanīya; 2. takkena anapanetabba; sādhaka yutta.

tenacious : (adj.) daḷhagāhī; lagganasīla; adātukāma.

tenaciously : (adv.) daḷhagāhena.

tenacity : (m.) daḷhagāha. (nt.) saṃlaggana; macchariya.

tenancy : (nt.) gharasuṅkadāna.

tenant : (m.) parasantaka-bhūmivāsī.

tenantable : (adj.) suṅkagahaṇāraha.

tenantry : (m.) nivāsasuṅkadayījana.

tend : (v.i.) poṇībhavati; anuyāti. (v.t.) paṭijaggati; poseti. (pp.) poṇībhūta; anuyāta; paṭijaggita; posita.

tendency : (nt.) poṇatta. (m.) abhinivesa.

tendentious : (adj.) pakkhapātayutta; agatigata.

tender : (adj.) mudu; komala; sukhumāla. (m.) paṭijaggaka; anuratha. (f.) upanāvā. (nt.) kammantāyācanapaṇṇa. (v.t.) āyācanapaṇṇaṃ peseti. (pp.) pesitāyācanapaṇṇa. (v.i.) upaṭṭhati; upakkhipati. (pp.) upaṭṭhita; upakkhitta.

tender-eyed : (adj.) dubbalakkhita.

tender-foot : (m.) ādhunika.

tender-footed : (adj.) bhīrukajātika.

tender-hearted : (adj.) muduhadaya.

tenderly : (adv.) sadayaṃ; mudukaṃ.

tenderness : (nt.) mudutta; komalatta.

tendon : (nt.) sandhibandhana. (f.) mahāsirā.

tendril : (nt.) patāna. (m.) latātantu.

tenebrific : (adj.) timisakara.

tenebrous : (adj.) tamāvuta.

tenement : (nt.) 1. thānavaradhana; 2. āyattavatthu; 3. vāsaṭṭhāna.

tenet : (nt.) paṭiggahitamata. (m.) siddhanta.

tenfold : (adj.) dasavidha.

tenon : (m.) āvuṇakaṅkusa.

tenor : (m.) 1. adhippāya; bhāvattha; 2. pavattanākāra.

tense : (adj.) asithila; daḷha. (m.) ākhyāta-kālabheda.

tenselity : (nt.) asithilatta.

tensely : (adv.) asithilākārena.

tenseness : (nt.) asithilatta.

tensibility : (f.) ākaḍḍhanakkhamatā.

tensile : (adj.) ākaḍḍhanakkhama.

tension : (f.) dhārakasatti. (m.) cittakkhobha.

tent : (f.) dussakuṭi. (m.) maṇḍapa. (v.t.) maṇḍapaṃ sampādeti. (v.i.) kuṭikāyaṃ vasati. (pp.) sampāditamaṇḍapa; kuṭikāyam vuttha.

tentacle : (m.) phusanāvayava.

tentative : (adj.) paṭhamāvatthāgata; parikkhaṇāya-kata.

tenth : (adj.) dasama.

tenuity : (nt.) tanutta.

tenuous : (adj.) tanuka.

tenure : (m.) adhikāravidhi.

tepefaction : (nt.) manduṇhakaraṇa.

tepefy : (v.t.) manduṇhaṃ karoti. (v.i.) manduṇho bhavati. (pp.) manduṇhaṃ kata; maduṇhībhūta.

tepid : (adj.) manduṇhayutta.

tepidity : (nt.) manduṇhatta.

tepidly : (adv.) manduṇhākārena.

tepidness : (nt.) manduṇhatta.

teraphim : (f.) gharadevapaṭimā.

teratosis : (f.) vikaḷaṅgatā.

tercentenary : (adj.; n.) tisatasaṃvaccharika.

tercet : (nt.) tika.

terebine : (adj.) saraladdavāyatta.

terebinth : (m.) sirivāsarukkha.

terebrate : (v.t.) vinivijjhati. (pp.) vinividdha.

teredo : (m.) kaṭṭhavedhī samuddapāṇī.

tergiversate : (v.t.) 1. piṭṭhiṃ dasseti; 2. pakkhantaraṃ saṅkamati.

tergiversation : (nt.) 1. pakkhantarasaṅkamaṇa; 2. capalatta.

term : (nt.) adhivacana; vevacana. (m.) kālapariccheda. (f.) mariyādā. (f.; plu.) niyamāvali. (v.t.) abhidhāti; ākhyāti. (pp.) abhihita; ākhyāta.

terminable : (adj.) pameyya; osāpanīya.

terminal : (m.) odhi; anta. (adj.) antima; antiya; osānabhūta.

terminate : (v.t.) osāpeti; samāpeti. (v.t.) osānaṃ pappoti; nivattati. (pp.) osāpita; samāpatta; nivatta.

termination : (nt.) osāpana; pariyosāna. (m.) (in gram : ) vibhattipaccaya.

terminative : (adj.) osāpaka; antakara.

terminator : (m.) osāpetu; antakārī.

terminological : (adj.) pāribhāsika.

terminologically : (adv.) pāribhāsikavasena.

terminology : (f.) paribhāsā; vijjāyattasaddamālā.

terminus : (m.) anta. (nt.) osāna; pariyosāna.

termite : (f.) upacikā.

termless : (adj.) ananta; apariyanta.

tern : (nt.) tika.

ternary : (adj.) tikayutta.

ternate : (adj.) tivaggayutta.

terra : (f.) paṭhavī; medinī.

terrace : (f.) vedikā. (m.) paghana; ālinda.

terracotta : (nt.) jhāma-mattikādimissitarūpa.

terraneous : (adj.) bhummaṭṭha; thalaja.

terrapin : (m.) kumma.

terraqueous : (adj.) thala-jalāyatta.

terrene : (adj.) bhumma; bhummaṭṭha; bhūminissita; ihalokika.

terrestrial : (adj.) bhumma; bhummaṭṭha; bhūminissita; ihalokika.

terrible : (adj.) ghora; dāruṇa; bhayānaka.

terribly : (adv.) dāruṇākārena.

terrific : (adj.) bhayaṅkara; bhayānaka.

terrifically : (adv.) bheravākārena.

terrify : (v.t.) uttāseti; bhāyāpeti. (pp.) uttāsita; bhāyāpita.

territorial : (adj.) janapadāyatta.

territory : (m.) janapada. (nt.) vijita; raṭṭha.

terror : (m.) tāsa; uttāsa. (nt.) bhaya. (f.) bhīti.

terror struck : (adj.) bhayākula.

terrorism : (nt.) bhāyāpanena pālana.

terrorise : (v.t.) bhāyāpeti; atisantāseti.

terse : (adj.) saṅkhitta; uttānattha.

tersely : (adv.) samāsato.

terseness : (f.) sugamatthatā.

tertian : (m.) tīha-vārīka-jara. (adj.) tīhika.

tertiary : (adj.; n.) tatiyabhāvappatta.

tessellate : (v.t.) caturassakehi vicitteti. (pp.) caturassakehi vitacittita.

tessellation : (nt.) caturassacittakaraṇa.

test : (f.) upaparikkhā; vīmaṃsā. (v.t.) upaparikkhati; vīmaṃsati. (pp.) upaparikkhita; vīmaṃsita.

testacean : (m.) kosamaccha.

testaceology : (f.) kosamacchavijjā.

testaceous : (adj.) kosamacchāyatta.

testament : (nt.) accayadānapaṇṇa. (m.) kiṭṭha-dhammagantha.

testamentary : (adj.) accayadānanissita.

testate : (m.) kata-accayadāna.

tester : (nt.) vitāna.

testicle : (m.) aṇḍakosa.

testiculate : (adj.) aṇḍasahita; aṇḍasadisa.

testify : (v.i.t.) sapathena pakāseti; sakkhiṃ sādheti; samattheti. (pp.) sapathena pakāsita; sādhitasakkhī; samatthita.

testimonial : (nt.) pamāṇapaṇṇa; sakkhipaṇṇa.

testimony : (m.) sakkhi; apadesa. (nt.) sasapathapakāsana.

testiness : (f.) anattamanatā.

testor : (m.) kata-accayadāna.

testy : (adj.) dummana; anattamana.

tetanus : (m.) phandaka-rosa.

tetcher : (nt.) sandāna. (v.t.) sandānena bandhati. (pp.) sandānabaddha.

tetchy : (adj.) kuppanasabhāva.

tetrad : (nt.) catukka.

tetragon : (nt.) caturassavatthu.

tetragonal : (adj.) catukkaṇṇa.

tetrapod : (adj.; m.) catuppada.

tetrapody : (f.) catuppadika (-gāthā).

tetter : (m.) kuṭṭhavisesa.

tetterous : (adj.) kuṭṭhātura.

teucrian : (m.) trojan-desavāsī.

text : (m.) mūlagantha.

textbook : (m.; nt.) niyamita-potthaka.

textile : (nt.) vāyana. (adj.) vāyanapaṭibaddha; tantunimmita. (nt.; plu.) vatthajāta.

textual : (adj.) mūlaganthāyatta.

texture : (m.) vāyitākāra; nimmitākāra.

textureless : (adj.) adissamānavāyima.

thalamus : (nt.) itthāgāra. (m.) matthaluṅga-pacchābhāga.

than : (conj.) expressed by the abl. and suffix -tara. more than that, tato bahutaraṃ.

thanatoid : (adj.) maccusadisa; matasadisa.

thank : (v.t.) thometi; pasaṃsati; abhitthavati. (pp.) thomita; pasattha; abhitthuta.

thankful : (adj.) kataññū; thutipara.

thankfully : (adv.) kataññutāya.

thankfulness : (f.) kataññutā; thutiparatā.

thankless : (adj.) akatavedī.

thanklessness : (f.) taveditā.

thanks : (f.; plu.) thuti; thomanā.

thanks giver : (m.) anumodāpaka.

thanks giving : (f.) thutipūjā.

thankworthy : (adj.) thometabba.

that : (adj.; pron.) ta. (conj.) iti. (adv.) tattakaṃ || by that: (adv.) tena; tadā; like that: (adv.) tathā; with that: thathā katvā.

that man : so.

that thing : taṃ.

that woman : sā.

thatch : (nt.) chadana; chādaka-vatthu. (v.t.) sañchādeti; chadanaṃ niveseti. (pp.) sañchādita; nivesitachadana.

thaumaturgist : (m.) pāṭihāriyadassaka; iddhimantu.

thaumaturgy : (nt.) iddhipāṭihāriya; abbhutakamma.

thaw : (nt.) himavilīyana. (v.i.) vilīyati. (pp.) vilīna.

the : (adj.) see that, (adv.). the more the merrier, yathādhikaṃ pīti vaḍḍhati.

the more the merrier : yathādhikaṃ pīti vaḍḍhati.

thearchy : (nt.) devatāpālana.

theatre : (nt.) raṅgamaṇḍala. (f.) naccasālā; naccakalā; vijjatthīsālā. (m.) sallakattālaya.

theatrical : (adj.) raṅgamaṇḍalocita; raṅgāyatta.

theatrically : (adv.) raṅgocitākārena.

thee : taṃ.

theft : (nt.) coriya; theyya.

their : (pron.) tesaṃ; tāsaṃ.

theism : (m.) issaranimmāṇavāda.

theist : (m.) issaravādī.

theistical : (adj.) issaravādāyatta.

theme : (m.) visaya; visesapabandha.

then : (adv.) tadā; atha; anantaraṃ. (adj.) taṅkālika. (conj.) tena hi; tato || by then: tasmiṃ kāle; now then: iṅgha passa.

thence : (adv.) tato; tasmā; tena.

thenceforth : tato pabhuti.

thenceforward : tato paṭṭhāya or uttariṃ.

theogony : (f.) devavaṃsavaṇṇanā.

theological : (adj.) devadhammāyatta.

theologically : (adv.) devadhammānusārena.

theologian : (m.) devadhammavidū.

theologist : (m.) devadhammavidū.

theology : (m.) devadhamma.

theomachy : (nt.) devayuddha.

theomancy : (nt.) anāgatakathana.

theomania : (m.) dhammummāda.

theophany : (nt.) devadassana. (m.) devapātubhāva.

theocracy : (nt.) devapālitarajja.

theorem : (nt.) pameyya; sādhakehi sādhetabbakāraṇa.

theoretic : (adj.) parikappanāyatta.

theoretical : (adj.) parikappanāyatta.

theorise : (v.t.) parikappeti; matavasena pakāseti.

theory : (nt.) mata. (f.) diṭṭhi. (m.) vāda.

theosophical : (adj.) devañāṇāyatta.

theosophist : (m.) ñāṇayogavādī.

theosophy : (nt.) devañāṇa. (f.) yogavijjā.

there : (adv.) tattha; tatra; tahiṃ; tahaṃ.

there with : (adv.) tena saddhiṃ; api ca.

thereabouts : (adv.) tattaka.

thereafter : (adv.) tato paraṃ.

thereby : (adv.) ten' upāyena.

therefore : (adv.) tasmā.

therefrom : (adv.) tato.

therein : (adv.) tasmiṃ.

thereof : (adv.) tato.

thereon : (adv.) tad upari; tato paṭṭhāya.

thereupon : (adv.) tad upari; tato paṭṭhāya.

theriac : (nt.) visasamanosadha.

therm : (nt.) uṇhamāṇa.

therm antidote : (nt.) uṇhamāṇaka.

thermal : (adj.) ghammāyatta; ghamma-māṇāyatta.

thermometer : (nt.) uṇhamāṇaka.

thermomotive : (adj.) usumakampanāyatta.

thermos : (nt.) usumārakkhakabhājana.

theroid : (adj.) tiracchānagatika.

therology : (f.) khīrapāyīvijjā.

thesaurus : (m.) nikhilakosa.

thesis : (m.) 1. racanāvisaya; 2. upādhidāyaka-nibandha.

theurgy : (m.) uttarimanussadhamma.

thews : (nt.; plu.) kāyikabala; mānusikabala.

thick : (adj.) 1. ghana; bahala; thūla; 2. avirala. (adv.) aviralaṃ; nirantaraṃ.

thick-skinned : (adj.) sahanakkhama; akampiya.

thicken : (v.t.) bahalīkaroti. (v.i.) ghanībhavati. (pp.) bahalīkata; ghanībhūta.

thicket : (nt.) vanagahana; kuñja.

thickhead : (m.) jala.

thickly : (adv.) ghanatāya; nirantaraṃ; aviralaṃ.

thickness : (nt.) bahalatta.

thickset : (adj.) thūlasarīra.

thief : (m.) cora; thena; takkara; mosaka.

thieve : (v.t.) coreti; theneti. (pp.) corita; thenita.

thieverish : (adj.) corapakatika.

thieverishness : (f.) corapakati; coretukāmatā.

thievery : (f.) corikā. (nt.) theyya; corakamma.

thigh : (m.) ūru; satthi.

thill : (nt.) sakaṭadhura.

thimber yard : (nt.) kaṭṭhavikkayaṭṭhāna.

thimble : (m.) aṅgulitāṇaka; sūcipaṭiggaha.

thin : (adj.) tanu; kisa; 2. virala; pelava. (v.t.) tanukaroti. (v.i.) tanuttaṃ yāti; kisībhavati. (pp.) tanukata; tanuttaṃ yāta; kisībhūta.

thin-skinned : (adj.) tanuttaca; sukhobhiya.

thine : tava; tuyhaṃ.

thing : (nt.) vatthu; kāraṇa. (f.) siddhi.

think : (v.t.i) cinteti; vitakketi.

think about : sallakkheti; anuvitakketi.

think lightly : (figurative : ) tiṇāya maññati.

think over : pakappeti; vicinteti.

think upon : anuvicinteti.

thinkable : (adj.) cintiya; cintanīya.

thinker : (m.) cintaka.

thinking : (nt.) cintana; vitakkana.

thinkingly : (adv.) vicārapubbakaṃ.

thinly : (adv.) viralākārena; tanutāya.

thinness : (nt.) tanutta; viralatta.

third : (adj.) tatiya.

thirdly : (adv.) tatiyaṃ.

thirst : (f.) 1. pipāsā; 2. āsā; taṇhā. (v.i.) pivāsati; abhilasati. (pp.) pivāsita; abhilasita.

thirstless : (adj.) nittaṇha; nirāsa.

thirsty : (adj.) pipāsātura; sataṇha.

thirteen : (adj.; n.) teḷasa; terasa.

thirteenth : (adj.) terasama.

thirty : (adj.; f.) tiṃsā; tiṃsati.

thirty-five : (f.) pañcatiṃsati.

thirty-four : (f.) catuttiṃsati.

thirty-nine : (f.) ekūnacattāḷīsati.

thirty-seven : (f.) sattatiṃsati.

thirty-six : (f.) chattiṃsati.

thirty-three : (f.) tettiṃsati.

thirty-two : (f.) battiṃsati; dvattiṃsati.

this : (adj; pron.) ima.

this day : (nt.) ajjaṇha.

this life : (nt.) itthatta.

this man : (m.; nom. sing.) ayaṃ.

this thing : (nt.; nom. sing.) idaṃ.

this woman : (f.; nom. sing.) ayaṃ.

thistle : (m.) sakaṇṭakagacchavisesa.

thither : see There.

thitherwads : (adv.) taṃdisaṃ.

thong : (f.) varattā; naddhi. (v.t.) 1. naddhiṃ yojeti; 2. varattāya paharati. (pp.) naddhiyojita; varattāya pahaṭa.

thor : (m.) thanitadeva.

thorax : (nt.) uratthala. (m.) khandhappadesa.

thorn : (m.; nt.) kaṇṭaka.

thorn-apple : (nt.) ummattaphala.

thornless : (adj.) nikkaṇṭaka.

thorny : (adj.) sakaṇṭaka.

thorny hedge : (nt.) kaṇṭakādhāna. (f.) kaṇṭakavati.

thorough : (adj.) thiratara; pariniṭṭhita.

thoroughbred : (adj.) abhijāta; sammāvaḍḍhita.

thoroughfare : (m.) sādhāraṇamagga.

thoroughgoing : (adj.) paripuṇṇa; anivattagāmī.

thoroughly : (adv.) sammā; anūnaṃ; paripuṇṇākārena.

thoroughness : (nt.) thiratta; anūmatta.

thou : (pron.) tvaṃ; tuvaṃ.

though : (conj.) kiñcāpi || as though: viya; iva.

thought : (f.) cintā; cetanā. (m.) saṅkappa; parikappa.

thoughtful : (adj.) appamatta; samekkhakārī.

thoughtfully : (adv.) samekkha; vicintiya.

thoughtfulness : (m.) appamāda. (nt.) parivīmaṃsana; vicārapubbaṅgamatta.

thoughtless : (adj.) pamatta; vicārahīna.

thoughtlessly : (adv.) sahasā; asamekkha.

thoughtlessness : (f.) avivekitā; vicārahīnatā.

thousand : (adj.) sahassa; dasasata.

thousand-eyed : (adj.; m.) sahassakkha.

thousand-spoked : (adj.) sahassāra.

thousand-times : (adv.) sahassakkhattuṃ.

thousandfold : (adj.) sahassaguṇita.

thrall : (m.) dāsa.

thraldom : (nt.) dāsatta.

thrash : (v.t.) 1. atitāḷeti; 2. nitthusaṃ or nippalālaṃ karoti. (pp.) atitāḷita; nippalālīkata.

thrashing : (nt.) 1. dhaññamaddana; 2. nippalālīkaraṇa.

thrashing floor : (nt.) khaḷamaṇḍala.

thread : (nt.) sutta; tanta. (m.) tantu. (v.t.) 1. sūciyaṃ suttam yojeti; 2. sutte āvuṇāti. (pp.) sūciyaṃ yojitasutta; sutte āvuta.

threadbare : (adj.) khīṇatantuka; jiṇṇasuttaka.

threadworm : (m.) tantupāṇaka.

thready : (adj.) tantusadisa; suttamaya.

threat : (f.) santajjana.

threaten : (v.t.) santajjeti; paribhāsati. (pp.) santajjita; paribhāsita.

threatening : (adj.) santajjaka; pāripanthika.

threateningly : (adv.) tajjanapubbakaṃ.

three : (adj.; n.) ti.

three and a half : (m.) aḍḍhuḍḍha.

three days : (nt.) tīha.

three storeyed : (adj.) tibhummaka.

three years old : (adj.) tivassika.

three-hundred : (nt.) tisata.

threefold : (adj.) tiguṇa; tivaṅgika.

threescore : (adj.; f.) saṭṭhi. (f.; plu.) vīsatiyo.

threnode : (nt.) sokagīta.

threnodial : (adj.) sokagītāyatta.

threnodic : (adj.) sokagītāyatta.

threnody : (nt.) sokagīta.

thresh : (v.t.) maddati; tāḷeti. (pp.) maddita; tāḷita.

threshing : (nt.) maddana.

threshing-floor : (nt.) khalamaṇḍala.

threshold : (m.) ummāra; paḷigha. (f.) dehalī.

thrice : (adv.) tikkattuṃ.

thrift : (f.) mitabbayatā.

thriftless : (adj.) amitabbaya; vikiraka.

thriftlessly : (adv.) asīmitavayena.

thriftlessness : (nt.) amitavayatta.

thrifty : (adj.) mitabbayī.

thrill : (f.) pharaṇā-pīti. (v.t.i.) pītiyā pharati; udaggo hoti. (pp.) pītiyā phuṭa; udaggabhūta.

thrilling : (adj.) lomahaṃsakara; udaggakara.

thrive : (v.i.) abhivaḍḍhati; samijjhati. (pp.) abhivuddha; samiddha.

thriving : (adj.) abhivaḍḍhamāna.

thrivingly : (adv.) samiddhākārena.

throat : (m.) kaṇṭha; gala. (f.) galanāḷi.

throaty : (adj.) 1. kaṇṭhuccārita; kaṇṭhāyatta; 2. mahākaṇṭha.

throb : (nt.) phandana; vipphandana. (v.i.) vipphandati. (pp.) vipphandita.

throbbing : (adj.) phandamāna.

throe : (f.) balavedanā; pasūtivedanā.

throne : (nt.) 1. sīhasana; 2. rājatta. (v.t.) rajje abhisiñcati. (pp.) rajje abhisitta.

throng : (m.) janasammadda. (v.t.) sambādheti. (v.i.) sannipatati; rāsībhavati. (pp.) sambādhita; sannipatita; rāsībhūta.

throttle : (m.) galanāḷa. (v.t.) galaṃ nippīḷeti. (pp.) nippīḷitagala.

through : (prep.) nissāya; hetunā; dvārena. (adv.) antarā; antarena; nirantaraṃ; paripuṇṇaṃ. (adj.) abbocchinna.

through and through : (adv.) sukhumākārena; sabbathā.

through the favour : (adv.) vāhasā.

throughout : (adv.) sabbattha; nirantaraṃ.

throw : (m.) khepa; pāta. (nt.) khipana. (v.t.) khipati; pāteti. (pp.) khitta; pātita.

throw at : upacchubhati.

throw away : chaḍḍeti; apavijjhati.

throw down : avakkhipati; nikkhipati.

throw into : pakkhipati.

throw off : chaḍḍeti.

thrower : (m.) chaḍḍetu; khipaka.

throwing : (nt.) khipana.

thrush : (m.) gāyaka-pakkhivisa; kaṇṭhapākaroga.

thrust : (nt.) nissāraṇa; nikkaḍḍhana. (v.t.) nissāreti; nikkaḍḍhati. (pp.) nissārita; nikkaḍḍhita.

thud : (m.) patanasadda. (v.i.) sasaddaṃ patati.

thug : (m.) ghātakacora.

thumb : (m.) aṅguṭṭha.

thump : (m.) pāṇippahāra; muṭṭhippahāra. (v.t.) muṭṭhinā paharati. (pp.) muṭṭhinā pahaṭa.

thunder : (nt.) thanita. (m.) meghanāda. (v.i.) thanati. (v.t.) abhigajjati. (pp.) thanita; abhigajjita.

thunderbolt : (f.) asani. (nt.) kulisa.

thunderclap : (f.) meghagajjanā.

thunderer : (m.) abhigajjitu.

thundering : (adj.) atimahanta; atithaddha.

thunderstorm : (f.) meghanāsahita.

thunderstruck : (adj.) 1. asanihata; 2. ativimhita.

thurible : (nt.) dhūpabhājana.

thurification : (nt.) gandhadhūpana.

Thursday : (m.) guruvāra.

thus : (adv.) itthaṃ; evaṃ; iti.

thus far : (ind.) ettāvatā.

thwart : (adv.) tiriyaṃ. (v.t.) paṭirodheti; moghīkaroti. (pp.) paṭirodhita; moghīkata.

thy : (pron.) tava; tuyhaṃ.

thyself : tvam eva; tvam attanā va.

tiara : (nt.) makuṭa. (m.) moḷi.

tibia : (nt.) jaṅghaṭṭhi.

tic : (m.) vadana-nahārusaṅkoca.

tick : (m.) ṭik-ṭik sadda. (f.) kīṭa-ūkā. (v.t.) ṭik-ṭik-saddaṃ pavatteti.

ticket : (nt.) pavesapatta; abhiññānapaṇṇa.

tickle : (nt.) aṅgulipatodana. (v.t.) aṅguliyā patudati. (pp.) aṅguliyā patudita.

tickler : (m.) 1. patudaka; 2. ubhatokoṭika-pañha.

tidal : (adj.) jaluggamanāyatta.

tide : (m.) 1. kālapariccheda; 2. kālika-jaluggama; uppāta.

tidily : (adv.) sobhanākārena.

tidiness : (nt.) sobhanatta.

tidings : (f.; plu.) pavatti; vutti. (m.) vuttanta.

tidy : (adj.) susṇṭhapita; sobhana.

tie : (m.) gaṇṭhi; saṅga. (nt.) bandhana. (f.) gīveyyapaṭṭikā. (v.i.) bandhati; saṅghaṭeti. (pp.) badda or bandhita; saṅghaṭita.

tier : (f.) panti; seṇi. (v.t.) pantivasena yojeti. (pp.) pantivasena yojita.

tiff : (m.) manda-kalaha. (nt.) thokapibana.

tiffin : (m.) antarāhāra. (v.i.) antarāhāraṃ bhuñjati. (pp.) bhuttantarāhāra.

tiger : (m.) vyaggha; saddūla.

tigerish : (adj.) vyagghasama.

tight : (adj.) gāḷha; daḷha; suvinaddha. (adv.) gāḷhaṃ; daḷhākārena.

tighten : (v.t.) daḷhīkaroti. (pp.) daḷhīkata.

tightly : (adv.) asithilaṃ; bāḷhaṃ.

tightness : (nt.) daḷhatta; asithilatta.

tigress : (f.) vyagghī.

tike : (m.) narādhama.

tile : (f.) chadaniṭṭhakā. (v.t.) iṭṭhakāhi chādeti. (pp.) iṭṭhakāchanna.

tiler : (m.) 1. iṭṭhakāsampādaka; 2. chadanchādaka.

tilery : (m.) iṭṭhakāvāpa.

till : (prep. conj.) yāva. (v.t.) kasati. (pp.) kaṭṭha or kasita.

tillable : (adj.) kasanāraha; kasikammayogga.

tillage : (nt.) kasikamma.

tiller : (m.) kassaka.

tilt : (nt.) sattiyuddha; sakaṭāvaraṇa; passenonamana. (v.t.) 1. poṇīkaroti; 2. kuntehi yujjhati. (pp.) poṇīkata; kuntehi yujjhita.

timbal : (m.) maddala.

timber : (nt.) kaṭṭha. (m.) dārusambhāra.

timbrel : (m.) ekatala-bherivisesa.

time : (m.) kāla; samaya; avasara; vāra. (f.) velā. (v.t.) kālaṃ niyameti or miṇāti. (pp.) niyamitakāla || at all times: (adv.) sabbadā; at any time: (ind.) yadā kadāci; at the same time: taṅkhaṇam eva; tad'eva; for a long time: (ind.) cirāya; from time to time: kālena kālaṃ; in time: (adv.) yathāsamayaṃ.

time keeper : (m.) kālaniyāmaka.

time of depression : (m.) vipattikāla.

time-table : (f.) kālaniyamāvali.

timeless : ananta; anosāna.

timeliness : (f.) kālocitatā.

timely : (adj.) yathākālika.

timepiece : (nt.) saṃhārimaghaṭikāyanta.

timeworn : (adj.) addhagata; paribhogajiṇṇa.

timid : (adj.) dīna; kātara; bhīruka.

timidity : (nt.) bhīrukatta.

timidly : (adv.) dīnākārena.

timocracy : (nt.) dhanapati-pālana.

timorous : (adj.) kātara; bhīruka.

timorously : (adv.) dīnākārena.

timorousness : (nt.) kātaratta.

tin : (nt.) vaṅga-tipu. (v.t.) 1. vaṅgatipunā lepeti; 2. vaṅgatipubhājane saṃrakkhati. (pp.) vaṅgatipunā litta; vaṅgatipubhājane saṃrakkhita.

tin smith : (m.) vaṅgatipukāra.

tinctorial : (adj.) vaṇṇuppādaka.

tincture : (m.) ābhāsa. (v.t.) thokaṃ misseti; appakaṃ vaṇṇaṃ uppādeti. (pp.) thokaṃ missita; appakaṃ ditappavaṇṇa.

tinder : (nt.) aggitūla.

tinge : (m.) appakavaṇṇa. (nt.) appakamissaṇa. (v.t.) īsakaṃ rañjeti; appamattakaṃ vaṇṇaṃ deti. (pp.) īsakaṃ rañjita; dinnappamattavaṇṇa.

tinker : (m.) tipukāra; lohabhaṇḍa-paṭisaṅkhāraka. (v.t.) lohabhaṇḍāni saṅkharoti. (pp.) sankhatalohabhaṇḍa.

tinkle : (nt.) saṇana; jhanana. (v.i.) saṇati; jhanati. (pp.) saṇita; jhanita.

tinkling : (m.) kiṅkiṇināda.

tinsel : (n.) jotamāna-tanuvaṅgapaṭṭa. (v.t.) jotamānapaṭṭehi alaṅkaroti. (pp.) jotamānapaṭṭehi kata.

tint : (m.) vaṇṇa; raṅga. (nt.) rajana. (v.t.) rañjeti. (pp.) rañjita.

tiny : (adj.) atikhuddaka.

tip : (nt.) agga; sikhara; mandākoṭana. (f.) koṭi. (v.t.) 1. mandam ākoṭeti; 2. poṇaṃ karoti; 3. pāritosikaṃ deti. (pp.) mandam ākoṭita; poṇīkata; dinnapāritosika.

tippet : (m.) uttarāsaṅgavisesa.

tipple : (nt.) tikhiṇamajja. (v.i.t.) niccaṃ majjaṃ pivati. (pp.) miccaṃ pītamajja.

tippler : (m.) surādhutta.

tipsily : (adv.) mattākārena.

tipsiness : (f.) surāmattatā. (f.) surāmada.

tipster : (m.) assadhāvana-pavattiñāpaka.

tipsy : (adj.) surāmatta.

tiptoe : (nt.) pādagga. (m.) papada. (v.i.) pādaggena yāti.

tiptop : (adj.) visiṭṭhatama.

tirade : (f.) dīghopārambhakathā.

trichiyasis : (m.) muttarogavisesa.

tire : (f.) cakkanemi. (nt.) uṇhīsa; siroveṭhana. (v.t.) āyāseti; kilameti. (v.i.) kilamati. (pp.) āyāsita; kilamita; kilanta. (v.t.) nemiṃ yojeti. (pp.) nemiyojita.

tireless : (adj.) akilanta.

tiresome : (adj.) āyāsakara.

tiro : (m.) ādhunika.

tissue : (nt.) tanupaṭṭaka.

tit : (nt.) khuddakavatthu. (m.) paṭipahāra.

titan : (m.) dānava; mahākāya; mahāthāma.

titbit : (nt.) madhura-khajjaka.

tithe : (m.) dasamabhāga; dasamabhāgika-bali. (v.t.) dasabhāgikabaliṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) gahitadasabhāgikabala.

titillate : (v.t.) patudati. (pp.) patudita.

titillation : (nt.) aṅgulipatodana.

titivate : (v.t.i.) maṇḍeti; pasādheti. (pp.) maṇḍita; pasādhita.

title : (nt.) upādhi; abhidhāna. (m.) adhikāra. (v.t.) abhidhānaṃ ṭhapeti. (pp.) ṭhapitābhidāna.

title-deed : (nt.) adhikāra-paṇṇa.

title-page : (nt.) pamukhapaṇṇa.

titter : (m.) mandahāsa. (v.i.) mandasaddena hasati. (pp.) mandasaddena hasita.

tittle : (nt.) appamattaka.

tittle-tattle : (m.) samphappalāpa.

titular : (adj.) upādhimattaka.

to : (prep.) expressed by Dat. or Suffic tun, e.g. to him, tassa. to go, gantuṃ. to wit, yad'idaṃ.

to and fro : ito c'ito.

to-night : (f.) ayam ratti. (adv.) ajjarattiṃ.

toad : (m.) maṇḍūka; bheka.

toad eater : (m.) cāṭukārī.

toadstool : (nt.) ahicchattaka.

toady : (m.) parāyattavuttī. (v.t.) ullapati; param ukkaṃseti. (pp.) ullapita; param ukkaṃsita.

toadyism : (f.) cāṭukamyatā.

toast : (m.) uttaribhaṅga. (f.) thuticuṇṇikā. (v.t.) 1. bhajjati; 2. abhitthavati; subhāsaṃsanāya pivati; 3. avayave usumāpeti. (pp.) bhaṭṭha; abhitthuta; subhāsaṃsanāya pīta; usumāpitāvayava.

toasting : (nt.) bhajjana; thomana.

tobacco : (nt.) tamākhupaṇṇa.

tobacconist : (m.) tamākhuvāṇija.

toboggan : (m.) himayānavisesa.

tocsin : (f.) antarāya-ñāpakaghaṇṭā.

today : (adv.; n.) ajja.

toddle : (nt.) anipuṇagamana. (v.i.) anipuṇākārena yāti.

toddy : (f.) ambilasurā.

toe : (f.) pādaṅguli. (v.t.) pādaṅgulīhi phusati or paharati. (pp.) pādaṅgulīhi phuṭṭha or pahaṭa.

toff : (m.) 1. suvesī; 2. paññātapuggala.

toffee : (m.) khajjakavisesa.

together : (adv.) ekato; ekajjhaṃ.

toil : (m.) parissama; āyāsa. (nt.) kiccha. (v.i.) yatati; vāyamati; āyāsena karoti. (pp.) āyāsena kata.

toilet : (nt.) maṇḍana; pasādhana.

toilet box : (m.) gandhakaraṇḍa.

toilet powder : (nt.) vāsacuṇṇa.

toilet stick : (f.) añjanī.

toilsome : (adj.) āyāsakara.

token : (nt.) ciṇha; sārānīyavatthu.

tolerable : (adj.) 1. sahanīya; 2. cirappavattaka.

tolerableness : (nt.) sahanakkhamatta.

tolerably : (adv.) sayhākārena.

tolerance : (f.) adhivāsanā; khanti. (nt.) khamana; sahana.

tolerant : (adj.) adhivāsaka; paramatasaha.

tolerate : (v.t.) see endure.

toleration : (f.) adhivāsanā; khanti. (nt.) khamana; sahana.

toll : (m.) suṅka; kara. (v.t.) ghaṇṭaṃ vādeti. (v.i.) nadati. (pp.) vāditaghaṇṭa; nadita.

toll gatherer : (m.) suṅkagāhaka.

toll house : (nt.) suṅkaghara.

toll-bar : (nt.) suṅkaṭṭhāna.

toll-gate : (nt.) suṅkaṭṭhāna.

tollable : (adj.) suṅkagāhiya.

tom : (m.) pumpasu.

tom-tom : (f.) bheri. (m.) dundubhi. (v.i.) bheriṃ vādeti.

tom-tom beater : (m.) bherivādaka.

tomato : (nt.) takkālīphala.

tomb : (m.) susānathūpa. (nt.) cetiya.

tombstone : (f.) thūpasilā.

tome : (m.; nt.) mahāpotthaka.

tomorrow : (adv.) sve; suve. (m.) dutiyadivasa; svātana.

ton : (m.) bhāramāṇavisesa (2,240 lb.).

tone : (m.) 1. sara; nāda; dhani; 2. bhāva; āsaya. (v.t.) nādeti; vādeti. (pp.) nādita; vādita.

tongs : (m.; plu.) saṇḍāsa.

tongue : (f.) 1. jivhā; rasanā; 2. bhāsā; vāṇī; 3. ghaṇṭāpaharaṇī. (v.t.) jivhāya saddam uppādeti.

tongue-tied : (adj.) paṭisedhitakathana; kathāanipuṇa.

tongueless : (adj.) nijjivha.

tonic : (nt.) balavaḍḍhakosadha. (adj.) balavaḍḍhaka.

tonicity : (f.) saṅkocana-pasāraṇakkhamatā.

tonsil : (m.) galagaṇṭhi; galagaṇḍa.

tonsilitic : (adj.) galagaṇḍayutta.

tonsillitis : (m.) kaṇṭhadāha.

tonsorial : (adj.) nahāpitāyatta; kesoropaṇāyatta.

tonsure : (nt.) matthakamuṇḍana; bhaṇḍukamma. (v.t.) matthakaṃ muṇḍeti; kese voropeti. (pp.) muṇḍitamatthaka; voropitakesa.

too : (adj.) adhika; accanta. (adv.) adhikaṃ; accantaṃ. (conj.) api; ca; c'eva.

too much : (adv.) atimattaṃ; ativiya.

too soon : (adv.) atikhippaṃ.

tool : (nt.) (kammakāra-) upakaraṇa. (v.t.) pāsaṇe saṅkharoti.

tooling : (nt.) potthake mālākamma.

toot : (m.) kharasadda. (v.t.) kharasaddam uppādeti. (pp.) uppāditakharasadda.

tooth : (m.) danta; radana; rada; lapanaja; dasana. (v.t.) dante sampādeti or uppādeti. (pp.) sampāditadanta.

toothache : (nt.) dantasūla.

toothbrush : (m.) dantapoṇa.

toothless : (adj.) dantarahita; galitadanta.

toothpick : (f.) dantasuci.

toothrelic : (f.) dantadhātu; dāṭhādhātu.

toothsome : (adj.) surasa.

toothsomely : (adv.) madhurākārena.

tootle : (v.i.) nirantaraṃ nadati.

top : (nt.) agga; sikhara; seṭṭhaṭṭhāna. (m.) matthaka. (f.) pidhāna. (adj.) aggeṭhita; sikharabhūta. (v.t.) 1. uggacchati; muddhani tiṭṭhati; 2. aggaṃ chindati; pidhānaṃ yojeti; 4. sikharam āruhati. (pp.) uggata; muddhani tiṭṭhita; chinnagga; yojitapidhāna; āruḷhasikhara.

top hat : (m.) unnatanāḷipaṭṭa.

top heavy : (adj.) uparigaruka.

top knot : (f.) sikhā.

top most : (adj.) 1. uparitama; 2. atyucca.

topaz : (m.) phussarāga (-maṇi).

tope : (m.) thūpa. (nt.) cetiya. (v.i.) ativiya majjaṃ pivati.

toper : (m.) atimajjapa.

tophus : (m.) dehasandhisopha.

topiary : (nt.) gumbamaṇḍanasippa.

topic : (nt.) visayakāraṇa. (f.) mātikā. (m.) sīsapāṭha.

topical : (adj.) mātikāyatta.

topically : (adv.) visesakāraṇavasena.

topographer : (m.) ṭhanavitthāra-nirūpaka.

topographical : (adj.) padesavitthārāyatta.

topography : (nt.) 1. padesavitthāra-nirūpana; 2. dehakoṭṭhāsanirūpana.

topper : (m.) matthakagāmī.

topple : (v.i.) sikharato patati. (v.t.) sikharato pāteti. (pp.) sikharato patita.

topsy-turvy : (adv.) viparivattaṃ; uddhapādaṃ.

torch : (f.) ukkā; daṇḍadīpikā.

torch of grass : (f.) tiṇukkā.

torchlight : (m.) ukkāloka.

torment : (nt.) abhipīḷana. (m.) abhitāpa. (f.) kammakāraṇā. (v.t.) abhipīḷeti; abhitāpeti; vadheti. (pp.) abhipīḷita; abhitāpita; vadhita.

tormenting : (adj.) pīḷākara; hiṃsaka.

tormentor : (m.) abhipīḷetu; vadhaka.

tormina : (nt.) udarasūla.

tornado : (m.) verambhavāta.

torpedo : (m.) amarāvisesa. (nt.) nāvānāsakayanta.

torpid : (adj.) apetasañña; visañña; dandha.

torpidity : (f.) visaññitā.

torpidness : (f.) visaññitā.

torpor : (f.) tandī. (nt.) middha; līnatta.

torporific : (adj.) anuttejanaka; līnattakara.

torrefy : (v.t.) uṇhena sukkhāpeti; bhajjati. (pp.) uṇhena sukkhāpita; bhaṭṭha or bhajjita.

torrent : (m.) mahājalasota; mahāmegha. (f.) jaladhārā.

torrid : (adj.) gimhakalāpika; gimhādhika.

torrid zone : (m.) gimhakalāpa; yugandharapabba.

torridity : (nt.) gimhādhikatta.

torsion : (nt.) vyāvaṭṭana.

torsive : (adj.) ayāvaṭṭita.

torso : (f.) kavandha-paṭimā.

tort : (m.) aparādha. (nt.) vajja.

tortile : (adj.) vellita.

tortility : (m.) vellitabhāva.

tortious : (adj.) sāparādha; hānikārī.

tortoise : (m.) kumma; manthara; kacchapa.

tortoise shell : (m.) kacchapakapāla.

tortuous : (adj.) kuṭila; vaṅka; jimha.

tortuously : (adv.) jimhākārena.

torture : (f.) kāraṇā; yātanā. (m.) vadha. (v.t.) 1. accantaṃ pīḷeti; kāraṇā kāreti; 2. vākyatthaṃ viparivatteti; 3. asammā yojeti. (pp.) accantaṃ pīḷita; kāritakārana; viparivatitavākyattha; asammā yojita.

torturer : (m.) kāraṇika; vadhaka.

torturous : (adj.) pīḷākara; hiṃsaka; vadhaka.

tosh : (m.) kacavara. (nt.) niratthakavatthu.

tosher : (m.) anuyyogīsissa.

toss : (nt.) uddhaṃ-khipana; phandāpana. (v.t.) uddhaṃ khipati; phandāpeti. (pp.) uddhaṃ khitta; phandāpita. (v.i.) phandati; kampati. (pp.) phandita; kampita.

toss off : ekavārena pivati.

toss up : upari khipati.

tot : (nt.) khuddakavatthu. (m.) daharapuggala. (f.) saṅkaletabba-gaṇanā. (v.t.) saṅkaleti; sampiṇḍeti. (pp.) saṅkalita; sampiṇḍita.

total : (f.) piṇḍitasaṅkhya. (adj.) sakala; samagga; nissesa. (v.t.) sampiṇḍeti. (pp.) sampiṇḍita.

totality : (nt.) sākalla. (f.) paripuṇṇagaṇanā.

totally : (adv.) asesaṃ; nissesaṃ; sākallena.

toteringly : (adv.) sapavedhaṃ; sakampaṃ.

totter : (v.i.) pavedhati; jajjarāyati. (pp.) pavedhita; jajjarāyita.

tottering : (adj.) pavedhamāna.

touch : (nt.) phusana. (m.) phassa; parāmāsa. (v.t.) phusati; parāmasati. (pp.) phuṭṭha; parāmaṭṭha.

touch and go : (f.) sāsaṅkāvatthā.

touchable : (adj.) phusanīya; āmasanīya.

touchiness : (nt.) sahasā kuppana.

touching : (adj.) hadayaṅgama. (prep.) uddissa; adhikicca.

touchingly : (adv.) hadayaṅgamākārena.

touchstone : (m.) sāṇa; nikasa.

touchy : (adj.) sahasā kuppanasīla.

tough : (adj.) 1. kaṭhina; dubbhejja; thaddha; 2. avidheya; adamma; 3. dukkara.

toughen : (v.t.) kaṭhinīkaroti. (pp.) kaṭhinīkata.

toughish : (adj.) īsaṃkaṭhina.

toughly : (adv.) thaddhākārena.

toughness : (nt.) thaddhatta.

tour : (f.) cārikā. (nt.) desāṭana. (v.i.) pariyaṭati; desāṭanaṃ karoti.

tourist : (m.) desāṭaka; sañcārī.

tournament : (nt.) kīḷāyuddha.

tourney : (v.i.) kīḷāyuddhaṃ pavatteti. (pp.) pavatitakīḷāyuddha.

tourniquet : (nt.) dhamanitthambhaka-yanta.

touse : (v.t.) 1. parikaḍḍhati; 2. asobhanaṃ karoti. (pp.) parikaḍḍhita; asobhanaṃ kata.

tousy : (adj.) ākulavyākula.

tout : (m.) antaravāṇija. (v.i.) vāṇija-gāhakānam antare vatati.

touter : (m.) vānija-gāhakamajjhavattī.

tow : (v.t.) nāvaṃ rajjūhi ākaḍḍhati.

tow line : (f.) nāvākaḍḍhanarajju.

toward : (adj.) vidheya; vineyya.

towardness : (nt.) vidheyyatta.

towards : (prep.) abhimukhaṃ.

towel : (f.) udapunchanī.

tower : (m.) aṭṭāla. (v.i.) uggantvā pavattati.

towering : (adj.) unnata; uggata.

town : (nt.) pura; nagara. (f.) nagarī; purī.

town-hall : (f.) nagarasālā. (nt.) santhāgāra.

townlet : (f.) khuddakanagarī.

township : (f.) nāgarikajanatā.

townsman : (m.) nagaravāsī.

toxic : (adj.) visāyatta.

toxicology : (f.) visavijjā.

toxin : (nt.) rogahetuka-visa.

toxophilite : (adj.; m.) dhanusippābhilāsī.

toy : (nt.) kīḷābhaṇḍa. (v.i.) kīḷati; ramati.

toy-with : upalālento tiṭṭhati.

toyshop : (m.) kīḷābhaṇḍāpaṇa.

trace : (m.) valañja; padavalañja. (nt.) appaka-ciṇha; aṃsumatta. (v.t.) 1. valañjam anugacchati or anusarati; gavesati; 2. anusaṇṭhānaṃ sampādeti; 3. thoka-thokaṃ vīmaṃsati. (pp.) valañjam anugata or anussaṭa; gavesita; sampāditānusaṇṭhāna; thoka-thokaṃ vīmaṃsita.

traceable : (adj.) gavesanakkhama.

tracery : (nt.) silāmaya-latākamma.

trachea : (m.) sāsanāḷa.

tracheal : (adj.) sāsanāḷāyatta.

tracheotomy : (nt.) sāsanāḷacchedana.

track : (m.) gatamagga. (f.) padavalañjāvali. (v.t.) anusarati; padānupadikaṃ yāti. (pp.) anusarita; padānupadikaṃ yāta.

trackless : (adj.) apada; sañcārahīna.

tract : (m.) 1. bhūmippadesa; 2. laghu-gantha.

tractability : (nt.) vidheyatta.

tractable : (adj.) vidheya; damma.

tractably : (adv.) vidheyākārena.

tractate : (m.) nibandha.

traction : (nt.) ākaḍḍhana.

trade : (f.) vaṇijjā. (nt.) vāṇijja. (m.) vohāra. (v.i.) vaṇijjaṃ or vohāraṃ karoti.

trade mark : (f.) paṇyamuddā.

trade union : (m.) kammanta-pūga; seṇī.

trade wind : (m.) nāvopakārīvāta.

trader : (m.) vāṇija.

tradesman : (m.) āpaṇika.

tradition : (m.) sampadāya; anussava; itihāsa.

traditional : (adj.) pāramparika.

traditional teaching : (m.) vācanāmagga.

traditionally : (adv.) sampadāyavasena.

traduce : (v.t.) abbhakkhāti. (pp.) abbhakkhāta.

traducer : (m.) abbhācikkhaka; avaṇṇavādī.

traffic : (nt.) gamanāgamana. (m.) janasañcāra; bhaṇḍavinimaya.

trafficker : (m.) vāṇija; vohārūpajīvī.

tragedian : (m.) sokantanāṭakayojaka.

tragedy : (f.) dāruṇasiddhi. (nt.) sokanta-nāṭaka.

tragic : (adj.) khedāvaha; dāruṇa.

tragical : (adj.) khedāvaha; dāruṇa.

tragically : (adv.) dāruṇākārena.

tragicomedy : (nt.) sokānandamissaka-nāṭaka.

tragicomic : (adj.) dukkhantasānanda.

trail : (nt.) anubaddhavatthu. (m.) anusaraṇapatha. (v.t.) ābandhitvā ākaḍdhati; bhūmiyam ākaḍḍhati; gatamaggam anuyāti. (pp.) ābandhitvā ākaḍḍhita; gatamaggam anuyāta.

train : (f.) seṇī; mālā; dhūmarathapanti. (m.) parivāra; anukkama. (v.t.) vineti; dameti; sikkhāpeti. (pp.) vinīta; damita; sikkhāpita.

trainer : (m.) vinetu; dametu; sārathi.

training : (nt.) sikkhāpana; damana.

training school : (m.) ācariyasikkhāpanālaya.

trait : (m.) visesa-guṇa.

traitor : (m.) rājadubbhī; mittadohī; vissāsaghātī.

traitorous : (adj.) dubbhaka; vissāsaghātaka.

traitress : (f.) dubbhinī.

tram : (m.) (-car) vijjuratha.

trammel : see Fetter.

tramp : (m.) vaṇibbaka; vighāsāda; padasadda. (v.i.) padasā carati. (v.t.) akkamati. (pp.) padasā carita; akkanta.

trample : (v.t.) akkamati; maddati. (pp.) akkamana; maddita.

trampling : (nt.) akkamana; maddana; mathana.

trance : (f.) visaññitā; mucchā. (m.) samādhi. (v.t.) moheti; vasīkaroti. (pp.) mohita; vasīkata.

tranquil : (adj.) upasanta; aniñjana; nibbikāra.

tranquillity : (f.) passaddhi; santi. (m.) upasama. (nt.) santatta.

tranquillise : (v.t.) upasameti. (pp.) upasamita.

trans : (prep.) tiro; pāre.

transact : (v.t.) sādheti; nipphādeti; anuṭṭhāti. (pp.) sādhita; nipphādita; anuṭṭhita.

transaction : (nt.) anuṭṭhāna; kicca; dānādāna.

transactions : (nt.; plu.) vijjādharasabhā-lekhana.

transactor : (m.) kiccādhikārī.

transcend : (v.t.) acceti; samatikkamati; samativattati. (pp.) samatikkanta; samativattita.

transcendent : (adj.) atyuttama; atiseṭṭha.

transcendental : (adj.) lokuttara; sabbātiga.

transcendentally : (adv.) lokuttaravasena; sabhātigatāya.

transcontinental : (adj.) mahādīpantaragata.

transcribe : (v.t.) paṭilikhati; puttikaṃ sampādeti. (pp.) paṭilihita; sampāditaputtika.

transcriber : (m.) puttikāsampādaka.

transcript : (f.) paṭilipi; anulipi.

transcription : (nt.) paṭilikhana.

transcriptional : (adj.) paṭilikhanāyatta.

transfer : (nt.) ṭhānaparivattana. (f.) saṅkamanānuññā. (v.t.) aññaṭṭhānaṃ saṅkāmeti. (pp.) aññaṭṭhānam saṅkāmita.

transferable : (adj.) saṅkāmanīya.

transference : (nt.) saṅkāmana.

transfiguration : (nt.) vesaparivattana.

transfigure : (v.t.) vesaṃ parivatteti. (pp.) parivattitavesa.

transfix : (v.t.) vinivijjhati. (pp.) vinividdha.

transform : (v.t.) rūpantaraṃ māpeti; ākāraṃ parivatteti. (pp.) māpitarūpantara; parivattitākāra.

transformation : (nt.) rūpantaraparivattana.

transfuse : (v.t.) abbhantaraṃ paveseti. (pp.) abbhantaraṃ pavesita.

transfusion : (nt.) abbhantarappavesana.

transgress : (v.t.) aticarati; vītikkamati; vippaṭipajjati; ullaṇgheti. (pp.) aticarita; vītikkamita; vippaṭipanna; vullaṇghita.

transgression : (nt.) ullaṅghana; vītikkamana. (m.) ajjhācāra. (f.) vippaṭipatti.

transgressor : (m.) aticārī; ullaṅghaka.

transience : (f.) aniccatā; aciraṭṭhāyitā.

transient : (adj.) anicca; aciraṭṭhitika; bhaṅgura.

transiently : (adv.) aniccākārena; bhaṅguratāya.

transit : (f.) saṅkanti. (m.) saṅkama. (nt.) aññattha-haraṇa. (v.t.) tiriyaṃ yāti.

transition : (nt.) saṅkamana; parivattana.

transitional : (adj.) saṅkamanāyatta.

transitive : (adj.) saṅkamika; (in gram : ) sakammaka.

transitorily : (adv.) addhuvatāya; aniccavasena.

transitoriness : (nt.) addhuvatta; athiratta.

transitory : (adj.) khaṇabhaṅgura.

translate : (v.t.) 1. anuvādeti; bhāsantaraṃ parivatteti; 2. viparivatteti. (pp.) anuvādita; bhāsantaraṃ parivattita.

translation : (m.) anuvāda. (nt.) bhāsāparivattana; aññathākaraṇa.

translator : (m.) anuvādī; bhāsantaraparivattaka.

transliterate : (v.t.) aññakkharehi likhati. (pp.) aññakkharehi likhita.

transliteration : (nt.) aññakkharehi likhana.

translucence : (nt.) pasamatta; vinivijjha-dissamānatta.

translucent : (adj.) vinivijjha-dissamāna.

translucid : (adj.) vimala; pasanna; pabhassara.

transmarine : (adj.) pārasāmuddika; samuddapāravattī.

transmigrate : (v.i.) bhavantaraṃ yāti; saṃsāre saṃsarati. (pp.) bhavantaṃ yāta; saṃsāre saṃsarita.

transmigration : (nt.) taragamana. (m.) saṃsāra.

transmigratory : (adj.) puna jāyamānaka; sṃsaranasīla.

transmissible : (adj.) vyāpanīya; pesanīya.

transmission : (nt.) vyāpana; pesana.

transmissive : (adj.) vyāpaka; pesanakara.

transmit : (v.t.) vyāpeti; gahetvā vissajjeti or peseti. (pp.) vyāpita; gahetvā vissaṭṭha or pesita.

transmittal : (nt.) pesana; vyāpana.

transmitter : (m.) vyāpaka; pesaka.

transmogrification : (nt.) sahasā-vesaparivattana.

transmogrify : (v.t.) iddhiyā vesaṃ parivatteti.

transmute : (v.t.) dabbantaraṃ or vesantaraṃ parivatteti. (pp.) dabbantaraṃ or vesantaraṃ parivattita.

transmution : (nt.) vikatipāpana.

transparency : (nt.) suppasannatta; vinivijjha-dissamānatta.

transparent : (adj.) suppasanna : vinivijjha-passiya.

transparently : (adv.) atinimmalākārena; pabhassaratāya.

transpierce : (v.t.) vinivijjha yāti; antopavisati. (pp.) vinijjha yāta; antopaviṭṭha.

transpire : (v.t.) 1. lomakūpehi niggacchati; 2. pākaṭībhavati. (pp.) lomakūpehi niggata; pākaṭībhūta.

transplant : (v.t.) aññattha ropeti or patiṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) aññattha ropita or patiṭṭhāpita.

transplantation : (nt.) aññattharopaṇa; aññaṭṭhānapāpana.

transport : (nt.) aññaṭṭhānaharaṇa. (f.) accantapīti. (m.) kopavega. (v.t.) aññaṭṭhānaṃ harati; neti or pāpeti; 2. araṭṭhā nīharati or pabbājeti; 3. atipamodeti. (pp.) aññaṭṭhānaṃ haṭa; nīta or pāpita; araṭṭhā nīhaṭa or pabbājita; atipamodita.

transportable : (adj.) haraṇīya; aññattha nayanāraha.

transporter : (m.) bhaṇḍapesaka. (f.) bhaṇḍahārinī nāvā.

transposal : (m.) ṭhānavipallāsa; kamavipallāsa.

transpose : (v.t.) aññamañña-ṭhānavipallāsaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) aññamañña-ṭhānavipallānaṃ pāpita.

transposition : (m.) vipallāsa. (nt.) viparivattana.

transpositional : (adj.) vipallāsāyatta.

transuation : (nt.) lomakūpehi niggamana.

transubstantiate : (v.) dabbaṃ vipallāseti or parivatteti. (pp.) vipallāsitadabba.

transubstantiation : (nt.) dabbantaraparivattana.

transude : (v.i.) lomakūpehi niggacchati. (pp.) lomakūpehi niggata.

transversal : (adj.) tiriyaṃ-patita.

transversally : (adv.) tiriyaṃ.

transverse : (adj.; n.) tiriyaṃṭhita; tirobhūta.

trap : (nt.) adūhala; kūṭayanta. (v.t.) adūhalena bandhati. (pp.) adūhalabaddha.

trapan : see Trepan.

trapes : (f.) dunnivasanā itthī.

trapper : (m.) adūhalika; vāgurika.

trappings : (m.) paricchada; kapana.

trash : (m.) kacavara. (v.t.) pattādiṃ luñcati. (pp.) luñcitapatta.

trashy : (adj.) asāra; niratthaka.

trauma : (m.) vaṇa.

traumatic : (adj.) vaṇasahita.

travail : (f.) pasavavedanā. (v.i.) pasūtivedanaṃ vindati.

travel : (nt.) pariyaṭana. (f.) cārikā. (v.i.) pariyaṭati; cārikaṃ carati.

traveller : (m.) pathika; addhagū; desacārī.

travelling : (nt.) pariyaṭana; sañcaraṇa; addhānagamana. (f.) cārikā.

traverse : (adj.) tiroṭhita. (v.t.) tiriyaṃ gacchati; tarati; atikkamati. (pp.) tiriyaṃ gata; tiṇṇa; atikkanta. (in law : ) paṭikkhipati; paṭivirujjhati. (pp.) paṭikkhitta; paṭivuruddha.

traversely : (adv.) tiriyaṃ; tiro.

travesty : (nt.) paralekhanānukaraṇa. (v.t.) 1. paralekhanam anukaroti; 2. garukāraṇaṃ lahuttaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) paralekhanam anukata; garukāraṇaṃ lahuttaṃ pāpita.

trawl : (nt.) jāla; macchajāla. (v.t.) jālena macche bandhati. (pp.) jālena baddhamaccha.

trawler : (m.) jālika. (f.) macchagāhinīnāvā.

tray : (f.) taṭṭikā.

treacherous : (adj.) dubbhaka.

treacherously : (adv.) dubbhanena.

treacherousness : (f.) vissāsaghātitā.

treachery : (m.) vissāsaghāta. (nt.) dubbhana.

treacle : (m.) ucchurasa. (nt.) phāṇita.

tread : (upon) (v.t.) akkamati; maddati; padaṃ nikkhipati. (pp.) akkanta; maddita; nikkhittapada. (m.) padapāta.

treadmill : (nt.) padapājita-yanta.

treason : (nt.) rājadubbhana; kumantaṇa.

treasonable : (adj.) rājadubbhanapariyāpanna.

treasure : (nt.) dhana; vitta. (m.) vibhava. (v.t.) sañcināti; sambharati; nidahati. (pp.) sañcita; sambhata; nihita or nidahita || hidden treasure: (m.) nidhi.

treasure-pot : (f.) niddhikumbhi.

treasurer : (m.) bhaṇḍāgārika; kosarakkhaka.

treasury : (m.) kosa. (nt.) koṭṭhāgāra; dhanāgāra.

treat : (m.) sakkāra; saṅgaha. (f.) parivesanā; tikicchā. (v.t.) sakkaroti; saṅgaṇhāti. (v.i.) ācarati; paṭiññābandaṃ yāti; tikicchati. (pp.) sakkata; saṅgahita; ācarita; paṭiññābandaṃ yāta; tikicchita.

treat at length : papañceti.

treat kindly : paṭisantharati.

treat medically : tikicchati.

treat with : samudācarati.

treat with contempt : avamāneti.

treatise : (m.) nibandha; satthasaṅgaha. (f.) racanā.

treatment : (m.) sakkāra. (nt.) ācaraṇa. (f.) tikicchā; nirūpanā.

treaty : (nt.) sandhānapaṇṇa. (m.) saṅgara.

treble : (adj.) tiguṇa. (v.t.) tiguṇīkaroti. (pp.) tiguṇīkata.

tree : (m.) rukkha; pādapa; viṭapī; duma; taru; sākhī; mahīruha.

treeless : (adj.) apādapa; tarurahita.

treetop : (nt.) dumagga.

trefoil : (adj.) tiyaṅgulipattaka.

trellis : (nt.) gavakkhajāla. (v.t.) gavakkhajālaṃ or dārujālaṃ yojeti. (pp.) yojitadārujāla.

tremble : (v.i.) pakampati; pavedhati; phandati. (pp.) pakampita; pavedhita; phandita.

trembling : (nt.) kampana; phandana. (adj.) pavedhamāna.

tremblingly : (adv.) sakampaṃ.

tremendous : (adj.) atimahanta; atigaruka; bhayānaka.

tremendously : (adv.) atigarukatāya; bhayaṅkaratāya.

tremor : (m.) santāsa; vepathu. (nt.) kampana.

tremulous : (adj.) kampamāna; sacchambhī.

tremulously : (adv.) sappavedhaṃ; chambhitattena.

tremulousness : (nt.) chambhitatta.

trench : (f.) parikhā; digghikā. (v.t.) 1. parikhaṇati; 2. parikhaṃ yojeti. (pp.) parikhata; parikhāyojita.

trenchant : (adj.) tikhiṇa; mammacchedaka.

trenchantly : (adv.) tikhiṇākārena.

trencher : (m.) parikkhāyojaka. (nt.) kaṭṭhabhājana.

trend : (nt.) poṇatta. (v.i.) poṇībhavati. (pp.) poṇībhūta.

trepan : (m.) cakka-kakaca. (v.t.) 1. cakkakakacena chindati; 2. pamoheti; 3. pāsena bandhati. (pp.) cakkakakacena chinna; pamohita; pāsabaddha.

trepidation : (nt.) sampavedhana. (m.) ubbega; saṅkhobha.

trespass : (nt.) nītyullaṅghana; yuttivītikkamana. (v.t.) nītiṃ, yuttiṃ or sikkhāpadaṃ ullaṅgheti or vītikkamati. (pp.) sikkhāpadaṃ ullaṅghitanītika; vītikkantasikkhāpada.

trespasser : (m.) nītyullaṅghī; aññāyappavesī.

tress : (f.) alakā; kesakuṇḍali; kesarājī.

triad : (nt.) tika; taya.

trial : (nt.) anuvijjana; abhiyuñjana; upaparikkhana. (m.) aṭṭavinicchaya.

triangle : (nt.) tikoṇaka.

triangular : (adj.) tikoṇayutta.

triangulate : (v.t.) tikoṇakaṃ karoti. (pp.) tikoṇakaṃ kata.

tribal : (adj.) gottāyatta.

tribalism : (m.) gottāyattapālanavidhi.

tribe : (nt.) gotta. (m.) kulavisesa. (f.) gottaparamparā.

tribulation : (f.) mahāvipatti. (nt.) balava-phandana.

tribunal : (f.) vinicchayasabhā. (nt.) vinicchayāsana.

tribune : (nt.) mantikathikāsana. (f.) Roma-sacivasabhā.

tributary : (adj.) balidāyaka; mahārajjavasavattī; upanadībhūta. (f.) sākhānadī.

tribute : (nt.) suṅkapābhata; thutipābhata.

trice : (m.) muhutta; khaṇa.

tricennial : (adj.) tiṃsavassika

tricentinary : (nt.) tisatavassa.

tricephalous : (adj.) tisīsaka.

trichogenous : (adj.) kesavaḍḍhanaka; aṃsuvaḍḍhanaka.

trichord : (f.) titantika-vīṇā.

trichotomy : (nt.) (dehassa) tidhāvibhajana.

trick : (m.) kūṭopāya. (f.) nikati; vañcanā. (v.t.) nikubbati; vañceti. (pp.) nikubbita; vañcita.

trickery : (nt.) sāṭheyya; ketava.

trickish : (adj.) vañcanasīla; nekatika.

trickister : (m.) kitava; saṭha; māyāvī.

tricksy : (adj.) kerāṭika; nikatibahula; kuṭilavuttī.

tricky : (adj.) kerāṭika; nikatibahula; kuṭilavuttī.

tricolour : (m.) tivaṇṇadhaja. (adj.) tivaṇṇayutta.

tricycle : (nt.) ticakkaratha; cakkattaya.

trident : (nt.) tisūla.

tridentate : (v.t.) tisūlayuttaṃ karoti. (pp.) tisūlayuttaṃ kata.

triennial : (adj.) tivassika; tivassavārika.

trier : (m.) ussahitu; vāyamitu; anuvijjaka.

trifid : (adj.) tidhā-vibhatta.

trifle : (nt.) parittakavatthu; kiñcikkha; lahuka-kāraṇa; asallakkhetabba. (v.i.t.) lahukam ācarati; na sallakkheti; na gaṇeti.

trifle with : avahasati; avamaññati.

trifler : (m.) agarukārī.

trifling : (adj.) ittara; oramattaka; lahuka; agaṇetabba; niratthaka.

triflingly : (adv.) saparihāsaṃ; lahuttāpādena.

trifoliate : (adj.) tipattayutta.

triform : (adj.) tisaṇṭhānika.

trifurcate : (adj.) tisākhayutta.

trig : (adj.) suppasādhita. (v.t.) suṭṭhu pasādheti. (pp.) suṭṭhu pasādhita.

trigamous : (adj.) tipajāpatika; tibhattuka.

trigamy : (f.) tibhariyatā; tipatikatā.

trigonal : (adj.) tikoṇaka.

trigonometry : (f.) tikoṇamiti.

trilateral : (adj.) tibhuja; tipassa.

trilingual : (adj.) tibhāsika.

triliteral : (adj.) tyakkharika.

trillion : (f.) koṭippakoṭi.

trim : (adj.) suracita; paṭisaṅkhata; susādhita. (v.t.) kappeti; vibhūseti; sobheti. (pp.) kappita; vibhūsita; sobhita.

trimly : (adv.) sobhanākārena.

trimmer : (m.) pasādhaka; kappaka; ubhayapakkhasevī.

trimming : (nt.) kappana.

trimmings : (nt.; plu.) pasādhanūpakaraṇa.

trimonthly : (adj.) temāsika.

trinal : (adj.) tividha.

trine : (nt.) tika. (adj.) tiguṇa; tividha.

trinity : (nt.) (pitu-putta-atta-) tika. (m.) tividhākāra.

trinket : (nt.) appagghābharaṇa.

trinoctial : (adj.) tirattika.

trinominal : (adj.) tināmika.

trio : (m.) tivagga.

trip : (f.) cārikā. (nt.) laghupariyaṭana; pakkhalana. (v.i.t.) pakhalati; khalitvā patati. (pp.) pakhalita; khalitvā patita.

tripartite : (adj.) tibhāgayutta.

triple : (adj.) tividha; tiguṇa. (v.t.) tiguṇīkaroti. (v.i.) tiguṇībhavati. (pp.) tiguṇīkata; tiguṇībhūta.

triplet : (m.) tivagga. (nt.) tika.

triplicate : (adj.; n.) tiguṇa; yāvatatiyaka. (v.t.) tiguṇīkaroti.

triplicate city : (m.) guṇībhāva. (nt.) tivaggikatta.

triplication : (nt.) tiguṇīkaraṇa.

tripod : (nt.) tipāda-pīṭha.

tripodiate : (v.i.) pītiyā naccati; jayapānaṃ pivati. (pp.) pītiyā naccita; pītajayapāna.

tripper : (m.) pakkhalitu; pamādabhāgī.

trisect : (v.t.) tidhā vibhajati. (pp.) tidhā vibhatta.

trisection : (nt.) tidhāvibhajana.

trisyllabic : (adj.) tyakkharayutta.

trisyllable : (nt.) tyakkharapada.

trite : (adj.) niccopayutta; abhiṇhappacārita; atisāmañña.

tritely : (adv.) nirasatāya.

triteness : (f.) niccappayuttatā.

triturate : (v.t.) sukhumaṃ cuṇṇeti. (pp.) sukhumaṃ cuṇṇita.

trituration : (nt.) cuṇṇīkaraṇa; piṃsana.

triumph : (m.) jaya; vijaya; vijayussava. (v.i.) jeti; jināti. (pp.) jita.

triumphal : (adj.) vijayābaddha.

triumphant : (adj.) jetu; vijayī; parājetu.

triumphantly : (adv.) sajayaṃ; vijayussavena.

triumvirate : (nt.) tiṇṇam ādhipacca.

trivial : (adj.) appamattakatā; agaṇetabbatā. see Trifling.

triviality : (f.) appamattakatā; agaṇetabbatā.

trivium : (nt.) tividha-sattha (i.e. vyākaraṇaṃ, takkasatthaṃ, alaṅkārasatthaṃ).

trodden : (pp.) maddita; akkanta.

troglodyte : (m.) guhāvāsī.

troll : (v.t.i.) 1. gāyati; 2. balisena macche bādhati; 3. cakkaṃ bhamāpeti. (pp.) gīta; balisena baddhamaccha; bhamāpitacakka.

trolley : (nt.) hatthavaṭṭaka-yāna.

trollop : (f.) gaṇikā.

troop : (f.) padāti; patti; yuddhasenā. (m.) yūtha; gaṇa. (v.i.) samosarati. (pp.) samosaṭa.

trooper : (m.) assārohībhaṭa.

troopship : (f.) senāhārakanāvā.

trope : (m.) rūpakālaṅkāra.

trophy : (m.) jayatthambha; jayānussāraka.

tropic : (m.) ayanāvaṭṭa. (m.; plu.) yugandhara-pabba; uṇhādhikadesa.

tropic of cancer : (nt.) kakkaṭanivattana.

tropic of Capricorn : (nt.) makaranivattana.

tropical : (adj.) uṇhadesāyatta.

tropology : (f.) rūpakopamā.

trot : (nt.) sīghagamana. (v.i.) mandaṃ dhāvati.

troth : (m.) vissāsa. (nt.) sacca || in troth: tathavasena.

trouble : (m.) āyāsa. (f.) vyathā; pīḷā; duddasā. (nt.) kasira; kiccha. (v.t.) viheseti; upaddaveti; āyāseti. (pp.) vihesita; upadduta; āyāsita.

troublesome : (adj.) āyāsakara.

troublous : (adj.) duddasāpanna; kicchāpanna.

trough : (f.) ghāsadoṇī. (nt.) vīci-antara.

trounce : (v.t.) bāḷhaṃ tāḷeti. (pp.) bāḷhaṃ tāḷita.

troupe : (m.) naṭagaṇa.

trouser : (nt.) nāḷīvasana.

trousseau : (nt.) vadhukāvatthā-bharaṇa.

trow : (v.i.) maññati; saddahati. (pp.) mata or maññita; saddahita.

trowel : (f.) sudhālepanī; pāṇikā; karaṇī.

truant : (adj.; n.) kiccavimukha; palāyanasīla.

truce : (m.) kālikasāma; yuddhavissāma.

truck : (nt.) bhaṇḍavāhana. (m.) dabbavinimaya. (v.t.i.) vinimeti; kacchapuṭena vohāraṃ karoti. (pp.) vinimita; kacchapuṭena katavohāra.

truckle : (v.i.) dīnākārena vasībhavati. (pp.) dīnākārena vasībhūta.

truculence : (nt.) dāruṇatta; caṇḍikka; niddayatta.

truculent : (adj.) dāruṇasabhāva.

trudge : (nt.) sāyāna-gamana. (v.i.) kicchena yāti.

true : (adj.) sacca; tatha; yathābhūta; avitatha.

true nature : (nt.) yāthāva.

truly : (adv.) tacchato; yāthāvato; thetato.

trueness : (m.) avitathabhāva.

truism : (nt.) sammata-sacca.

truistic : (adj.) saccasammata.

trump : (m.) sappurisa; sujana; sādhujana. (v.t.) kūṭena jināti; vañceti. (pp.) kūṭena jita; vañcita.

trumpery : (nt.) niratthakavatthujāta.

trumpet : (m.) kāhala; dhamanavaṃsa. (v.t.) kāhalanādena viññāpeti. (pp.) kāhalanādena viññāpita.

trumpet-flower : (nt.) pāṭakīpuppha.

trumpeter : (m.) kāhaladhamaka.

trumpeting of an elephant : (m.) kuñcanāda.

trun-table : (f.) parivattiyavedikā.

truncal : (adj.) khandhāyatta.

truncate : (adj.) aggachinna. (v.t.) agge chindati. (pp.) agge chinna.

truncation : (nt.) aggacchindana.

truncheon : (f.) gadā. (m.) muggara; laguḷa.

trundle : (nt.) āṇiyuttacakka; bhaṇḍavāhana.

trunk : (m.) khandha. (f.; 3.) ayaopeḷā.

trunk of an elephant : (f.) soṇḍā.

trunk-road : (m.) mahāmagga.

truss : (f.) palālaveṇī.

trust : (nt.) saddahana; samappaṇa; pālakamaṇḍala. (m.) vissāsa. (v.t.i.) saddahati; vissasati; samappeti. (pp.) saddahita; vissattha; samappita.

trust-deed : (nt.) samappaṇapaṇṇa.

trustee : (m.) āyuttaka; paradhanapālaka.

trusteeship : (nt.) āyuttakadhura.

trustful : (adj.) saddahanasīla.

trustfully : (adv.) vissāsena.

trustless : (adj.) avissāsiya; asadheyya.

trustworthy : (adj.) saddheyya; paccayika; okappaniya.

trusty : (adj.) saddheyya.

truth : (nt.) sacca; taccha; tatha || he took it for truth: so taṃ saccan ti gaṇhi.

truthful : (adj.) saccavādī; saccasandha.

truthfulness : (n.) saccavāditā.

truthfully : (adv.) yathātathaṃ.

truthless : (adj.) vitatha; asacca; musābhūta.

try : (v.i.) 1 ussahati; vāyamati; parakkamati; yatati. (pp.) ussahita; vāyamita; parakkamita; parakkanta. (v.t.) 1. upaparikkhati; vīmaṃsati; 2. aṭṭaṃ vicāreti. (pp.) upaparikkhita; vīmaṃsita; vicāritaṭṭa.

trying : (adj.) parissamajanaka; upaparikkhamāna.

tryingly : (adv.) āyāsena.

tryst : (nt.) saṅketaṭṭhāna. (v.t.) saṅketaṃ niyameti. (pp.) niyamitasaṅketa.

tub : (nt.) kaṭṭhabhājana. (v.t.) kaṭṭhabhājane nahāpeti; kaṭṭhabhājane ropeti; kaṭṭhabhājane pakkhipati. (pp.) kaṭṭhabhājane nahāpita; kaṭṭhabhājane ropita; kaṭṭhabhājane pakkhitta.

tube : (m.) nāḷa. (f.) nāḷī; nāḷikā. (adj.) nāḷākāra.

tuber : (m.) kanda; āluva.

tubercle : (f.) kharapiḷakā.

tuberculosis : (m.) kāsaroga.

tuberculous : (adj.) kāsarogātura.

tuberous : (adj.) sakandaka.

tubular : (adj.) nāḷākāra.

tuck : (f.) vali; vatthāvali. (v.t.) valīkaroti; valī yojeti. (pp.) valīkata; valī jita.

Tuesday : (m.) kujavāra.

tuft : (m.) gocchaka; thabaka. (f.) cūḷā; sikhā.

tufty : (adj.) gocchakayutta.

tug : (nt.) ussāhenākaḍḍhana. (v.t.) ussāhena ākaḍḍhati. (pp.) ussāhena ākaḍḍhati.

tug of-war : (f.) rajjukaḍḍhana-kīḷā.

tuition : (nt.) sikkhāpan; ajjhāpana.

tuitional : (adj.) ajjhāpanāyatta.

tumble : (nt.) sahasā-patana; uddhapādalaṅghana. (v.i.) sahasā patati; pavaṭṭati. (v.t.) pavaṭṭeti; sahasā pāteti. (pp.) sahasā patita; pavaṭṭita; sahasā pātita.

tumbler : (m.) pavaṭṭaka; laṅghaka.

tumbling : (nt.) pavaṭṭana; pakkhalana.

tumefacation : (nt.) uddhumāyana.

tumefy : (v.i.) uddhumāyati. (v.t.) uddhumāyāpeti. (pp.) uddhumāyita; uddhumāyāpita.

tumid : (adj.) uddhumāta.

tumidity : (nt.) uddhumātatta. (m.) sopha.

tumour : (n.) gaṇḍa; phoṭa.

tumult : (m.) unnāda. (f.) ussāraṇā.

tumultuous : (adj.) unnādasahita; avupasanta; saṅkhubhita.

tumultuously : (adv.) saṅkhubhitatāya.

tune : (m.) laya; nināda. (v.t.) turiyabhaṇḍaṃ sajjeti; sussaraṃ karoti. (pp.) sajjitaturiyabhaṇḍa; sussaraṃ kata.

tuneful : (adj.) madhurasarayutta.

tuneless : (adj.) amadhurassara.

tuner : (m.) tuiryarāgasādhak.

tunic : (nt.) nivāsana-coḷa.

tunnel : (m.) ummagga; bhūmyantomagga.

tup : (m.) meṇḍa; urabbha.

turban : (nt.) siroveṭhana; sīsaveṭhana.

turbid : (adj.) āvila; lulita.

turbidity : (nt.) āvilatta.

turbidly : (adv.) āvilākārena.

turbinate : (adj.) bhamarikākāra.

turbulence : (m.) saṅkhobha.

turbulent : (adj.) saṅkhubhita; aticañcala; dāmarika.

turbulently : (adv.) saṅkhubhitākārena.

turd : (m.) gomaya-piṇḍa.

tureen : (f.) gambhīra-sūpathāli.

turf : (f.) saddalabhūmi. (v.t.) saddalapiṇḍehi chādeti. (pp.) saddalapiṇḍehi chādita.

turgid : (adj.) uddhumāta.

turgidity : (nt.) uddhumātatta.

Turk : (m.) turukkhadesīya.

turkey : (m.) turukkhadesa; mahākukkuṭavisesa.

Turkish : (adj.) turukkhajātyāyatta.

turmeric : (f.) haḷiddā; haḷiddī.

turmoil : (m.) saṅkhobha; sambhana. (v.t.) saṅkhobheti. (pp.) saṅkhobhita.

turn : (m.) vāra; pariyāya. (nt.) āvaṭṭana; vaṅkhaṭṭhāna; aññathā parivattana. (f.) avatthā. (v.t.) parivatteti; paribbhameti; aññathā karoti; cundakammaṃ karoti. (v.i.) parivatti; paribbhamati; aññathā hoti; abhimukhī bhavati. (pp.) parivattita; paribbhamita; aññathā kata; katacundakamma; abhimukhībhūta || in turn: paṭipāṭiyā; out of turn: uppaṭipāṭiyā.

turn a deaf ear : nanukampati.

turn about : viparivattati.

turn against : virujjhati.

turn aside : apakkamati; apaneti.

turn away : durīkaroti.

turn back : parāvattati, parāvatteti.

turn down : paṭikkhipati.

turn into : pāpeti.

turn into money : mūlaṃ nipphādeti.

turn off : apasāreti; pidahati.

turn out : nikkaḍḍhati.

turn over : āvajjeti; parivatteti.

turn round : anuparivattati.

turn tail : palāyati.

turn towards : abhimukhī hoti.

turn turtle : sabbathā adhomukhī hoti.

turn up : (v.t.) ukkujjeti. (v.i.) pātubhavati; pākaṭībhavati.

turn upon : anapekkhito pahāraṃ deti.

turn upside down : paṭikujjeti.

turncoat : (m.) sapakkhacāgī.

turner : (m.) parivattetu; cundakāra.

turnery : (f.) cundakārasālā.

turnkey : (m.) kārāghara-kuñcikādhikārī.

turnpike : (nt.) maggasuṅkagāhaṭṭhāna.

turnstile : (nt.) paribbhamanakadvāra.

turpentine : (m.) sirivāsa; saraladdava.

turpitude : (m.) duṭṭhācāra. (nt.) nīcatta.

turquoise : (nt.) veḷuriya.

turret : (m.) niyyūha.

turreted : (adj.) niyyūhayutta.

turtle : (m.) 1. kacchapa; 2. kapota.

tusk : (f.) dāṭhā.

tusker : (m.) 1. dāṭhī; sadāṭhahatthī.

tussive : (adj.) ukkāsanāyatta.

tussle : (m.) kalaha. (nt.) bāhuyuddha. (v.i.) kalahaṃ karoti. (pp.) katakalaha.

tussock : (m.) 1. tiṇagumha; 2. kesakalāpa.

tut : (intj.) dhī. (v.i.) dhikkaroti. (pp.) dhikkata.

tutelage : (f.) 1. bālārakkhā; 2. bālāvatthā.

tutelary : (adj.) ārakkhaka; pālakāyatta.

tutenag : (nt.) tuttha (-loha).

tutor : (m.) ajjhāpaka; ācariya.

tutorage : (nt.) ajjhāpana; sikkhāpana.

tutoress : (f.) ācariyanī.

tutorial : (adj.) ajjhāpanāyatta.

tutorially : (adv.) ajjhāpanavijjāvasena.

tutorship : (nt.) ācariyapada.

twaddle : see Prattle.

Twain : (adj.) yugalabhūta. (nt.) yuga; yugala; dvika.

twang : (m.) ṭaṅkāra. (v.t.) jiyaṃ poṭheti; ṭaṅkāraṃ karoti. (pp.) poṭhitajiya; kataṭaṅkāra.

tweak : (nt.) 1. vilikhana; 2. vegenākaḍḍhana. (v.t.) 1. vilikhati; 2. vegena ākaḍḍhati. (pp.) vilikhita; vegena ākaḍḍhita.

tweed : (m.) uṇṇāvatthavisesa.

tweedledee : (m.) nāmamattakavisesa; niratthakabheda.

tweezer : (m.) saṇḍāsa. (v.t.) saṇḍāsena ākaḍḍhati. (pp.) saṇḍāsena ākaḍḍhita.

twelfth : (adj.) dvādasama.

twelve : (adj.; n.) dvādasa.

twentieth : (adj.) vīsatima.

twenty : (adj.; f.) vīsati.

twenty-five : (f.) pañcavīsati.

twenty-four : (f.) catuvīsati.

twenty-nine : (f.) ekūnatiṃsati.

twenty-one : (f.) ekavīsati.

twenty-seven : (f.) sattavīsati.

twenty-six : (f.) chabbīsati.

twenty-three : (f.) tevīsati.

twenty-two : (f.) bāvīsati; dvevīsati; dvāvīsati.

twice : (adv.) dvikkhattuṃ; dvevāre.

twice-born : (adj.) dija.

twiddle : (v.i.) 1. mudhā kālaṃ khepeti; 2. lahuṃ ākoṭeti. (pp.) mudhā kālaṃ khepita; lahuṃ ākoṭita.

twig : (f.) pasākhā. (v.t.) upaparikkhati; vijānāti. (pp.) upaparikkhita; viññāta.

twilight : (m.) padosa; sañjhāloka.

twin : (adj.) yamaka; yugalabhūta. (nt.) yuga; yugala. (v.t.) yuganaddhaṃ karoti. (pp.) yuganaddhaṃ kata.

twine : (nt.) sutta; tanta. (m.) tantu. (v.t.) 1. veṭheti; 2. suttaṃ santāneti. (pp.) veṭhita; santānitasutta.

twinge : (f.) tibbavedanā. (v.t.) tibbavedanaṃ uppādeti. (pp.) uppāditatibbavedana.

twinkle : (f.) taralajjuti. (m.) akkhinimesa. (v.i.) 1. taralaṃ dippati; 2. ummesa-nimesaṃ karoti.

twinkling : (m.) nimesa; ujjalana. (adj.) jotamāna.

twirl : (nt.) turitaparibbhamaṇa. (v.t.) sīghaṃ paribbhamati. (v.t.) turitaṃ paribbhameti. (pp.) sīghaṃ paribbhanta; turitaṃ paribbhamita.

twist : (nt.) veṭhana; vyāvaṭṭana; onahana; vinandhana. (v.t.) veṭheti; vinandhati; vyāvaṭṭeti; onayhati. (pp.) veṭhita; vinaddha; vyāvaṭṭita; onaddha.

twist over : āveṭheti.

twister : (m.) veṭhaka. (nt.) vyāvaṭṭanayanta.

twit : (v.t.) paribhāsati; upavadanto akkosati. (pp.) paribhāsita; akkuṭṭha.

twitch : (nt.) sahasākaḍḍhana. (v.t.) sahasā ākaḍḍhati. (pp.) sahasā ākaḍḍhita.

twitter : (nt.) cicciṭāyana. (v.i.) cicciṭāyati. (v.t.) ciṭiciṭisaddaṃ pavatteti. (pp.) cicciṭāyita; pavattitaciṭiciṭasadda.

twittingly : (adv.) sopārabhaṃ.

two : (adj.; n.) dvi || in two ways: (adv.) dvidhā.

two and a half : (nt.) aḍḍhateyya.

two days : (nt.) dvīha.

two inches : (nt.) dvaṅgula.

two-edged : (adj.) ubhatodhārāyutta.

two-faced : (adj.) ubhotomukha.

twofold : (adj.) diguṇa; duvidha.

twofolded : (adj.) dupaṭṭa.

twofoldness : (m.) dvebhāva.

tyke : (m.) 1. sunakha; 2. adhana.

tylosis : (m.) pakhumadāha.

tympanum : (f.) kaṇṇabheri.

type : (m.) ākāra. (nt.) saṇṭhāna; muddākkhara. (v.t.) lipiyantena muddāpeti. (pp.) lipiyantena muddāpita.

type foundry : (nt.) muddākkhara-sampādanaṭṭhāna.

typewriter : (nt.) lipiyanta.

typhoid : (m.) sannipātikajara.

typhoon : (m.) sāhasikavāta.

typhus : (m.) balava-sannipātajara.

typical : (adj.) nidassanabhūta.

typically : (adv.) pākatikavasena.

typify : (v.t.) 1. paṭirūpena dasseti; 2. nidassitabbaṃ karoti.

typist : (m.) lipiyantasāraka.

typography : (nt.) muddaṅkaṇasippa.

tyrannical : (adj.) niṭṭhurapālanāyatta.

tyrannically : (adv.) pajāpīlakākārena.

tyrannicide : (nt.) pajāpiḷaka ghātana.

tyrannise : (v.t.) pasayha sāsati.

tyrannous : (adj.) pasayhakārī; kurūrasāsana.

tyranny : (nt.) pajāpīḷana; niṭṭhurapālana.

tyrant : (m.) adhammikarāja; niṭṭhupālaka.

tyre : (f.) cakkanemi.

tyriasis : (m.) sīpadaroga.

tyro : (m.) ādhunika.

-ooOoo-
A     B     C     D     E     F
G     H     I     J     K     L
M     N     O     P     Q     R
S     T     U     V     W     X,Y,Z

Contents | Top of Page

Pali-Viet Dictionary | Pali-English Dictionary | English Index
last updated: 25-05-2003


//----------------------------------------------------------


Main Page

Using Unicode VU-Times font




English-Pali Dictionary
by Metta Net, Sri Lanka





- U -

ubiquitous : (adj.) sabbatthavattī; sabbavyāpī.

ubiquity : (f.) sabbavyāpitā.

udder : (m.) thanapuñja.

udometer : (nt.) meghamāṇakayanta.

ugliness : (nt.) virūpatta; dubbaṇṇatta.

ugly : (adj.) 1. virūpa; duddasika : 2. kucchita.

ulcer : (m.) vaṇa; aru.

ulcerate : (v.t.) vaṇam uppādeti. (v.i.) vaṇīyati. (pp.) uppāditavaṇa; vaṇīyita.

ulceration : (nt.) vaṇajanana.

ulcerous : (adj.) vaṇapīlita.

uliginose : (adj.) sakaddamabhūmijāta.

ulotrichous : (adj.) uṇṇopamalomayutta.

ulterior : (adj.) 1. dūraṭṭha; 2. adissamāna.

ultimate : (adj.) antima; carima.

ultimately : (adv.) ante; pariyosāne.

ultimatum : (nt.) osānanivedana.

ultimo : (adv.) gatamāse.

ultra : (prep.) ati; adhi.

ultramarine : (adj.) samuddapāraṭṭha.

ultramundane : (adj.) lokuttara; lokātīta.

ultraviolet : (adj.) adhikapāṭalavaṇṇa.

ululate : (v.i.) ubbhukkati.

umbel : (f.) chattākārapupphamañjarī.

umbilical : (adj.) nābhinissita.

umbilicus : (f.) nābhi.

umbra : (f.) paṭhavīchāyā.

umbrage : (f.) 1. asantuṭṭhi, 2. pattacchāyā.

umbrageous : (adj.) chāyāsahita.

umbrella : (nt.) chatta; ātapatta.

umpire : (n.) pamāṇapurisa; niṇṇetu; majjhaṭṭha. (v.i.) niṇṇeti. (pp.) niṇṇita.

umpireship : (m.) niṇṇetubhāva.

un : (prep.) Expressed by a- before consonants and an- before vowels; occasionally by ni or vi, e.g. aroga, anāmaya, healthy. nitteja, powerless. viraja, passionless.

unabated : (adj.) anūna; aparihīna.

unable : (adj.) abhabba; asamattha; asakkonta.

unable to bear : (adj.) asayha.

unabridged : (adj.) asaṅkhitta.

unacceptable : (adj.) asampaṭicchiya.

unaccommodating : (adj.) paṭisanthāra-rahita.

unaccountable : (adj.) agaṇetabba; avitthāriya.

unaccredited : (adj.) abahumata.

unaccustomed : (adj.) aparicita; anipuṇa.

unacquainted : (adj.) asañjānanaka; asanthuta.

unadorned : (adj.) analaṅkata; amaṇḍita.

unaffected : (adj.) 1. akampita; 2. akittima; adūsita; pākatika.

unagreeable : (adj.) appiya; amanāpa; anabhimata.

unaided : (adj.) asahāya; anupatthambha.

unalienable : (adj.) anaññasantaka-karaṇīya.

unalterable : (adj.) anaññathākaraṇīya.

unalterably : (adv.) aviparivattiyatāya.

unambiguous : (adj.) adveḷhaka; anāsaṅkiya; visada.

unambitious : (adj.) anunnatikāma.

unamiable : (adj.) appiyasabhāva.

unanimated : (adj.) aviññāṇaka.

unanimity : (f.) ekamatikatā.

unanimous : (adj.) ekamatika; avibhattamatika.

unanimously : (adv.) ekamatikatāya.

unanswerable : (adj.) niruttara; avissajiya; appaṭivacanīya.

unanticipated : (adj.) anapekkhita.

unappealable : (adj.) uttarādhikaraṇaṃ anāharitabba; apaṭikosiya.

unappeased : (adj.) avupasamita.

unapprised : (adj.) puretaṃ aviññāpita.

unapproachable : (adj.) anupasa (adj.) anupasaṅkamiya; durāsada.

unappropriate : (adj.) ananucchavika; appatirūpa.

unapproved : (adj.) ananuññāta; ananumata.

unapt : (adj.) asamattha; anucita; akammñña.

unarm : (v.t.) nirāyudhaṃ karoti. (pp.) nirāyudhaṃ kata.

unarmed : (adj.) asannaddha; nirāyudha.

unarrayed : (adj.) asajjita; paṭipāṭiyā ayojita.

unascertained : (adj.) anicchita; avinicchita.

unassailable : (adj.) 1. duppasayha; durāsada; 2. ananuvajja.

unassuming : (adj.) avikatthaka; anuddhata; yathābhūta.

unattached : (adj.) nissaṅga; anupādāna.

unattainable : (adj.) apattabba; alabbhaneyya.

unattempted : (adj.) akatussāha.

unauthentic : (adj.) asaddheyya; avissāsiya.

unauthorised : (adj.) anadhikata; aladdhapaṭiñña.

unavailing : (adj.) niratthaka; nipphala.

unavailingly : (adv.) niratthakākārena.

unavoidable : (adj.) aniāriya; ekantabhāvī.

unaware : (adj.) ajānanta; anupaladdhika.

unawares : (adv.) atakkitaṃ; alakhitaṃ.

unawed : (adj.) abhīta; asantasita.

unbaked : (adj.) apakka; arandhita.

unbalanced : (adj.) 1. ubhayasamattam apāpita; asamabhārīkata; 2. vikkhittacitta.

unbar : (v.t.) vighāṭeti; vivarati; ghaṭikam apaneti. (pp.) vighāṭita; vivaṭa; apanītaghaṭika.

unbearable : (adj.) asayha; akkhamanīya.

unbeaten : (adj.) aparājita.

unbecoming : (adj.) ananucchavika.

unbefitting : (adj.) ananurūpa; anucita.

unbefriended : (adj.) asahāya; sahāyarahita.

unbegotten : (adj.) sayañjāta.

unbelief : (nt.) asaddahana.

unbeliever : (m.) asaddahitu; micchādiṭṭhika.

unbelieving : (adj.) asaddhahanaka; assaddha.

unbend : (v.i.) 1. parimuccati, 2. santhambhati. (v.t.) 1. parimoceti; 2. sitthilīkaroti. (pp.) parimutta; santhambhita; parimocita; sithilīkata.

unbending : (adj.) asithila; anamya.

unbendingly : (adv.) abidheyyākārena.

unbeseeming : (adj.) ananucchavika; anucita.

unbiased : (adj.) apakkhapāti; agatirahita.

unbind : (v.t.) bandhanaṃ moceti; nibbeṭheti. (pp.) mocitabandhana; nibbheṭhita.

unblamable : (adj.) anavajja; anupavajja; agārayha.

unblemished : (adj.) akalaṅka; niravajja.

unblest : (adj.) alakkhika; aladdhāsiṃsana.

unblown : (adj.) apupphita; mukulita.

unblushing : (adj.) ahirika; nillajja.

unbolt : (v.t.) vighāṭeti; vivarati; ghaṭikam apaneti. (pp.) vighāṭita; vivaṭa; apanītaghaṭika.

unborn : (adj.) anuppanna.

unbosom : (v.t.) savissāsaṃ pakāseti or pākaṭīkaroti. (pp.) savissāsaṃ pakāsita or pākaṭīkata.

unbound : (adj.) abaddha; mutta.

unbounded : (adj.) asīmita; aparicchinna; ananta.

unboundedly : (adv.) asīmitatāya; anantākārena.

unbrace : (v.t.) gaṇṭhikaṃ moceti. (pp.) mocitagaṇṭhika.

unbridled : (adj.) uddāma; adamma; avidheya.

unbroken : (adj.) 1. abhinna; akhaṇḍita; 2. avicchinna.

unbuilt : (adj.) animmita; akata.

unburden : (v.t.) bhāram oropeti or nikkhipati. (pp.) oropitabhāra; nikkhittabhāra.

uncalled : (adj.) anāmantita.

uncalled for : (adj.) anicchita; anavassaka.

uncanny : (adj.) gūḷha; rāhassaka.

uncanonical : (adj.) piṭakato bāhirabhūta.

uncared : asallakkhita; arakkhita.

uncared for : asallakkhita; arakkhita.

uncase : (v.t.) kosato uddharati. (pp.) losato uddhaṭa.

unceasing : (adj.) nirantara; abbocchinna; sātatika.

unceasingly : (adv.) nirantaraṃ; avicchinnaṃ; satataṃ.

unceremonious : (adj.) nirādara; gāravarahita.

unceremoniously : (adv.) anādarena.

uncertain : (adj.) anicchita; athira; aniyata.

uncertainty : (f.) vicikicchā. (m.) sandeha.

unchain : (v.t.) bandhanā moceti. (pp.) bandhanā mocita.

unchallenged : (adj.) adassitavirodha.

unchanging : (adj.) nibbikāra.

uncharitable : (adj.) ananukampī; adayāpanna.

uncharitably : (adv.) niddayākārena.

unchaste : (adj.) kāmāsatta.

unchastity : (f.) kāmāsattatā; abrahmacariyā.

unciform : (adj.) balisākāra.

uncivil : (adj.) asabbha; avinīta.

unclad : (adj.) nagga; anacchādita.

unclaimed : (adj.) 1. assāmika; anāyatta; 2. ayācita.

uncle : (maternal : ) (m.) mātula. (paternal : ) 1. cūlapitu; 2. mahāpitu.

unclean : (adj.) asuddha; samala.

unclose : see open.

unclouded : (adj.) 1. vigatavalāhaka; 2. vigatasaṃsaya.

uncoil : (v.t.) bhoge nibbeṭheti. (pp.) nibbeṭhitabhoga.

uncomely : (adj.) asobhana; anucita.

uncomfortable : (adj.) aphāsujanaka.

uncommon : (adj.) asāmañña; asādhāraṇa.

uncommonly : (adv.) asāmaññatāya.

uncommunicable : (adj.) asambandhappavattika; gamanāgamanarahita.

uncomplaining : (adj.) anujjhāyamāna.

uncompleted : (adj.) aniṭṭhita.

uncomposed : (adj.) asannihita.

uncompounded : (adj.) 1. amissita; 2. asamāsita.

unconcern : (f.) udāsīnatā; upekkhā.

unconcerned : (adj.) upekkhaka; asambandha.

unconditional : (adj.) apaṭiññābaddha.

unconditionally : (adv.) paṭiññārahitatāya.

unconfined : (adj.) abādhita; asambādha.

unconfirmed : (adj.) adaḷhīkata; athirīkata.

unconformity : (f.) ananuvattanatā.

unconfused : (adj.) avikkhitta; samāhita.

unconnected : (adj.) visaṃsaṭṭha; vippayutta.

unconquerable : (adj.) ajeyya; ayojjha.

unconscious : (adj.) visañña; mucchita.

unconsciously : (adv.) 1. visaññatāya; 2. asañcicca.

unconsciousness : (f.) visaññitā; mucchā.

uncontested : (adj.) vivādarahita; appaṭipuggala.

uncontrollable : (adj.) adamma; avasavattī.

uncontrollably : (adv.) adammākārena.

uncontroverted : (adj.) avivādita.

unconventional : (adj.) asammata; apaññatta.

unconverted : (adj.) aparivattita-bhattika.

uncorrected : (adj.) aparisodhita; apaṭisaṅkhata.

uncorrupted : (adj.) adūsita.

uncouple : (v.t.) viyojeti. (pp.) viyojita.

uncouth : (adj.) 1. apesala; adakkha; 2. duddasika; asobhana.

uncover : (v.t.) vivarati; avāpurati. (pp.) vivaṭa; avāpurita.

uncreated : (adj.) amāpita.

uncritical : (adj.) 1. avivecaka; 2. vivecanaviruddha.

uncrown : (v.t.) rajjā apaneti. (pp.) rajjā apanīta.

unction : (nt.) vilepna; abbhañjana.

unctuous : (adj.) vilepanasadisa.

uncultivated : (adj.) akaṭṭha; aropita; akatakasikamma.

uncurtailed : (adj.) asaṅkhitta.

undated : (adj.) dinaniyamarahita.

undaunted : (adj.) abhīta; anosakkita.

undauntedly : (adv.) anosakkitākārena.

undecayed : (adj.) akhīṇa; ajiṇṇa.

undecaying : (adj.) akhīyamāna; sassatika.

undeceive : (v.t.) vibbhamam apaneti; sammohato moceti. (pp.) apanītavibbhama; mocitasammohata.

undecided : (adj.) akatanicchaya.

undefiled : (adj.) adūsita; akalaṅka; nimmala.

undefinable : (adj.) aparicchedāraha; atīraṇīya.

undefined : (adj.) aparicchinna.

undemonstrative : (adj.) gūḷhasabhāva; asnehadassī.

undeniable : (adj.) apaṭikkhepanīya; avivādiya; nissandeha.

under : (prep.) adho; heṭṭhā; oraṃ. (adj.) adhara; adhoṭhita.

under bred : (adj.) asiṭṭha; avinīta.

under buy : (v.t.) ūnamūlena kiṇāti.

under current : (m.) heṭṭhājalappavāha.

under estimate : (v.t.) ūnamūlaṃ niyameti.

under fed : (adj.) asammāposita.

under ground : (adj.) antobhummaṭṭha

under growth : (nt.) adhovanagahana.

under hand : (adj.) gūḷha; paṭicchanna. (adv.) raho.

under most : (adj.) atinīca; adhotama.

under-secretary : (m.) upalekhaka.

underrate : (v.t.) ūnagghaṃ niyameti.

undergo : (v.t.) vindati; anubhavati; nigacchati; paccanubhoti. (pp.) vindita; anubhūta; paccabhūta.

undergraduate : (m.) upādhiapekkhī.

underlay : (v.t.) adho ṭhapeti or nidahati. (pp.) adho ṭhapita or nihita.

underlie : (v.i.) adho tiṭṭhati. (v.t.) adho patiṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) adho tiṭṭhita; adho patiṭṭhāpita.

underline : (v.t.) heṭṭhā rekhāya aṅketi. (pp.) heṭṭhā rekhāya aṅkita.

underling : (m.) upajīvī; anujīvī.

undermine : (v.t.) 1. adho khaṇati; 2. ummūleti. (pp.) adho khata; ummūlita.

underneath : (adv.) adho; heṭṭhā.

underplot : (nt.) upakumantana.

undersign : (v.t.) heṭṭhā hatthasaññaṃ yojeti.

understand : (v.t.) bujjhati; avagacchati; vijānati. (pp.) buddha; avagata; viññāta.

understanding : (m.) avabodha.

undertake : (v.t.) ārabhati; samādiyati; sampaṭicchati. (pp.) āraddha; samādinna; sampaṭicchita.

undertaker : (m.) anuṭṭhātu; ārabhaka.

undertaking : (m.) vyāpāra; ārambha. (nt.) kicca.

undeterred : (adj.) anolīna; abhīta.

undervalue : (v.t.) 1. agghaṃ hāpeti; 2. lahumaññati; avamāneti. (pp.) hāpitaggha; lahumata; avamānita.

underwear : (nt.) antovasana.

Underwood : (nt.) gumbagahana.

underworld : (nt.) adhobhuvana; pātāla. (m.) dhuttajana.

undeserved : (adj.) ananucchavika; anucita.

undeserving : (adj.) ananucchavika; anucita.

undersigned : (adj.) atakkita; appayojita.

undesirable : (adj.) appiya; amanāpa.

undetermined : (adj.) anadhiṭṭhita; aniyamita.

undeveloped : (adj.) abhāvita; aparicita.

undeviating : (adj.) anuppathagāmī; yathāmaggagāmī.

undignified : (adj.) asammānāraha; bhaṭṭhayasa.

undiminished : (adj.) anūna; paripuṇṇa.

undisciplined : (adj.) avinīta; asikkhata.

undiscoverable : (adj.) apātukaraṇīya; ananvesanīya.

undisguised : (adj.) aparivattitavesa; ujujātika; pakatibhūta.

undisturbed : (adj.) nibbikāra; asaṅkhubhita; nirākula; aniñjita.

undivided : (adj.) avibhatta.

undo : (v.t.) 1. apacināti; 2. ummoceti; ugghāṭeti; 3. parāvatteti. (pp.) apacita; ummocita; ugghāṭita; parāvattita.

undoing : (nt.) apacinana; ummocana; parāvattana.

undoubted : (adj.) asaṅkita; nissaṃsaya.

undoubtedly : (adv.) jātu; kāmaṃ; have; ekantena.

undress : (v.t.) nivāsanāni apaneti or omuñcati. (pp.) apanītanivāsana; omuttanivāsana.

undue : (adj.) ayogga; anucita.

undulate : (v.i.) taraṅgāyati; unnatonatiṃ pāpuṇāti. (pp.) taraṅgāyita; unnatonatiṃ patta.

undulating : (adj.) taraṅgāyamāna.

undulation : (nt.) taraṅgāyana.

unduly : (adv.) aññāyena.

undutiful : (adj.) anassava; avidheya.

undying : (adj.) amara; sassata; anassara; ajarāmara.

unearned : (adj.) anajjita; asambhata.

unearth : (v.t.) ukkhaṇati; uddharati; bilato uṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) ukkhata; uddhaṭa; bilato uṭṭhāpita.

unearthly : (adj.) alokika.

uneasily : (adv.) aphāsukatāya.

uneasiness : (nt.) aphāsukatta. (m.) ubbega.

uneasy : (adj.) 1. aphāsuka; 2. cintākula; 3. anupasanta.

uneducated : (adj.) asikkhita; anadhīta; appassuta.

unemployed : (adj.) akiccappasuta; nikkamma.

unequal : (adj.) asamāna; visadisa.

unequalled : (adj.) atulya; anupama.

unequality : (nt.) vesamma; visamatta.

unequally : (adv.) asadisākārena.

unequivocal : (adj.) asandiddha; sugamattha.

unerring : (adj.) akkhalanasīla; avirajjhamāna; pamādarahita.

unessential : (adj.) anavassaka; amukhya.

uneven : (adj.) asama; visama.

unevenness : (nt.) visamatta.

unexhortable : (adj.) avacanīya; anovadiya.

unexpected : (adj.) anapekkhita; asambhāvita; pāsaṅgika.

unexpectedly : (adv.) pāsaṅgikavasena; sahasā; anapekkhitaṃ.

unexplored : (adj.) avīmaṃsita; anupaparikkhita.

unexposed : (adj.) avivaṭa; paṭicchanna.

unfailing : (adj.) avirajjhamāna; ekanta; dhuva.

unfair : (adj.) asobhana.

unfairly : (adv.) asobhanākārena.

unfairness : (nt.) asobhanatta.

unfaithful : (adj.) vissāsaghātaka; asaddheyya.

unfamiliar : (adj.) aparicita; asanthuta.

unfasten : (v.t.) ugghāṭeti; omuñcati. (pp.) ugghāṭita; omutta.

unfathomable : (adj.) appameyya; ameyya; agādha.

unfavourable : (adj.) ananukūla; paṭipakkha; viruddha.

unfeeling : (adj.) niṭṭhura; niddaya.

unfeelingly : (adv.) niddayākārena.

unfeigned : (adj.) akittima; avyāja, akuṭila.

unfelt : (adj.) avindita; ananubhūta.

unfetter : (v.t.) parimoceti; saṅkhalikāhi moceti. (pp.) parimocita; saṅkhalikāhi mocita.

unfettered : (adj.) asaṅga; abandhana.

unfinished : (adj.) aniṭṭhita; asamāpita.

unfit : (adj.) ayogga; akkhama; asamattha; anucita.

unfitly : (adv.) ayoggākārena.

unfitness : (nt.) anucitatta.

unfledged : (adj.) 1. ajātapakkha; 2. apariṇata.

unfold : (v.t.) pasāreti; pattharati; vitthāreti. (pp.) pasārita; patthaṭa; vitthārita.

unforeseen : (adj.) avitakkita-pubba; sahasāpatta.

unfortunate : (adj.) 1. alakkhika; dubbhaga; 2. asubha; amaṅgala.

unfortunately : (adv.) mandabhāgyatāya; abhāgyena.

unfounded : (adj.) amūlaka; ahetuka; appatiṭṭha.

unfriendly : (adj.) duṭṭhasabhāva; mettirahita.

unfruitful : (adj.) aphala; vañjha.

unfulfilled : (adj.) anipphanna; aparipuṇṇa.

unfurl : see unfod.

ungainliness : (nt.) asobhanatta; virūpatta.

ungainly : (adj.) asobhana.

ungenerous : (adj.) adānasīla; niranukampa.

ungentle : (adj.) kakkasa; pharusa.

ungentlemanly : (adj.) anuttamapurisāraha.

ungifted : (adj.) avisiṭṭhapakatika.

ungodly : (adj.) adhammika.

ungovernable : (adj.) anassava; avidheya; dubbaca; uddāma.

ungracious : (adj.) khala; duṭṭha; sagguṇahīna.

ungrateful : (adj.) akataññū; akatavedī.

ungrounded : (adj.) appatiṭṭha; ahetuka; amūlaka.

ungrudging : (adj.) anujjhāyamāna.

unguarded : (adj.) arakkhita; anārakkha.

unguent : (nt.) gandhavilepana; añjana.

ungula : (m.) 1. khura; 2. nakha.

unhallowed : (adj.) 1. asuddha; 2. apujja; 3. dhammadessa.

unhand : (v.t.) hatthato vissajjeti. (pp.) hatthato visaṭṭha.

unhandily : (adv.) anipuṇākārena.

unhandiness : (nt.) anipuṇatta.

unhandy : (adj.) anipuṇa; adakkha.

unhappily : (adv.) dubbhagatāya; dukkhitākārena.

unhappiness : (nt.) dubbhāgya. (f.) alakkhī.

unhappy : (adj.) 1. dukkhita; dubbhaga; 2. dummana.

unharmed : (adj.) anupahata; anupadduta.

unhealthy : (adj.) 1. rogāvaha; asappāya; 2. akallaka; ābādhika.

unheard : (adj.) assutapubba.

unheeded : (adj.) asallakkhita.

unhesitating : (adj.) nirāsaṅka.

unhindered : (adj.) apaḷibuddha; abādhita.

unhinge : (v.t.) visandhīkaroti; vikkhipati. (pp.) visandhīkata; vikkhitta.

unholy : (adj.) apūta; amahanīya; pāpiṭtha.

unhoped : (adj.) anapekkhita.

unhorse : (v.t.) assapiṭṭhito pāpeti. (pp.) assapiṭṭhito pātita.

unhouse : (v.t.) gehato nikkaḍḍhati. (pp.) gehato nikkaḍḍhita.

unhurt : (adj.) anupahata; akkhata.

unhurtful : (adj.) ahiṃsaka; aheṭhaka.

unhusk : (v.t.) tace apaneti. (pp.) apanīta-taca.

unicorn : (m.) khaggavisāṇa.

unification : (nt.) ekattapāpana.

uniform : (nt.) samānacchādana. (adj.) sarūpa; ekākāra.

uniformity : (f.) ekākāratā; avisesatā.

uniformly : (adv.) ekarūpena; ekākārena.

unify : (v.t.) ekīkaroti. (pp.) ekīkata.

unimpeachable : (adj.) anupavajja; niddosa.

unimpeded : (adj.) 1. nirantara; abbochinna; 2. bādhārahita.

unimportant : (adj.) agarubhūta; amukhya; agaṇetabba.

uninclosed : (adj.) aparikkhitta.

unincorporated : (adj.) saṅgame anosārita.

uninflated : (adj.) 1. anuddhumāta; avātapūrita; 2. anuddhata.

uninhabited : (adj.) vijana; aniviṭṭha.

uninstructed : (adj.) ananusiṭṭha; asikkhāpita.

unintended : (adj.) anadhippeta.

unintentionally : (adv.) asatiyā; asañcicca.

uninviting : (adj.) amonohara.

union : (f.) sāmaggi; saṅgati. (m.) saṅgama.

unionist : (m.) saṅgamika.

unipersonal : (adj.) ekapuggalika.

unique : (adj.) adutiya; asama; seṭṭhatama.

unit : (nt.) ekaṅka.

Unitarian : (m.) advittavādī.

unite : (v.t.) 1. saṅgameti; sandhāneti; 2. sampiṇḍeti; saṃyojeti. (pp.) saṅgamita; sandhānita; sampiṇḍita; saṃyojita. (v.i.) ekībhavati; samosarati. (pp.) ekībhūta; samosaṭa.

unitedly : (adv.) ekībhāvena.

unity : (m.) ekībhāva.

universal : (adj.) sabbalokika.

universality : (nt.) sabbabhummatta.

universally : (adv.) sabbaso; sabbathā; sabbavyāpitāya.

universe : (f.) sakala-lokadhātu.

university : (m.) nikhilavijjālaya. (nt.) mahāvijjāyatana.

univocal : (adj.) 1. ekatthaka; 2. ekalaya.

unjoin : (v.t.) viyojeti; visileseti. (pp.) viyojita; visilesita.

unjudiciously : (adv.) ayoniso.

unjust : (adj.) adhammika.

unjustifiable : (adj.) yuttirahita; sāvajja.

unjustly : (adv.) ayuttiyā; aññāyena.

unkempt : (adj.) appasādhita.

unkind : (adj.) niddaya; akāruṇika.

unkindly : (adv.) niddayaṃ.

unkindness : (nt.) niddayatta.

unknowable : (adj.) aviññeyya.

unknown : (adj.) aviññāta; avidita; apākaṭa.

unlamented : (adj.) asocita.

unlawful : (adj.) nītiviruddha; aññāyānugata.

unlearned : (adj.) anadhīta; asikkhita; asippa.

unless : (conj.) no ce; yadi na.

unlettered : (adj.) anuggahitakkharasamaya.

unlicensed : (adj.) aladdhānumatika; adhinnokāsa.

unlike : (adj.) asamāna; visadisa.

unlikely : (adj.) asambhaviya; saṅkitasiddhika.

unlimited : (adj.) asīmita; aparimita; ananta.

unload : (v.t.) bhāram oropeti; otāreti or nikkhipati. (pp.) oropitabhāra; nikkhittabhāra.

unlock : (v.t.) ugghāṭeti; vivarati. (pp.) ugghāṭita; vivaṭa.

unluckily : (adv.) dubbhāgyatāya.

unlucky : (adj.) 1. dubbhaga; 2. asubha; avamaṅgala; ariṭtha.

unlucky day : (nt.) duddina.

unlucky period : (f.) duddasā.

unmake : (v.t.) apacināti; nāseti. (pp.) apacinita; nāsita.

unmaking : (m.) apacaya.

unmanly : (adj.) bhīruka; kātara; posisahīna.

unmannerly : (adj.) avinīta; gamma.

unmask : (v.t.) 1. pakatiṃ or sakavesaṃ pāpeti; 2. pākaṭīkaroti. (pp.) sakavesaṃ pāpita; pākaṭīkata.

unmatched : (adj.) appaṭipuggala.

unmeaning : (adj.) attharahita.

unmeat : (adj.) ananucchavika.

unmendable : (adj.) appaṭisaṅkhariya.

unmerciful : (adj.) akāruṇika; niddaya.

unmerited : (adj.) anaraha; laddhum-ayogga.

unmindful : (adj.) pamatta; sativippayutta.

unmistakable : (adj.) apakkhalanīya; atipākaṭa.

unmitigated : (adj.) 1. aladdhasahana; 2. anūnīkata.

unmixed : (adj.) amissita; asaṅkiṇṇa.

unmolested : (adj.) avihesita.

unmotherly : (adj.) amātāraha.

unmoved : (adj.) acala; thira; nibbikāra.

unmurmuring : (adj.) ananutthunanaka.

unnatural : (adj.) apākatika; sabhāvaviruddha.

unnecessary : (adj.) anavassaka; nippayojana.

unnerve : (v.t.) dubbalīkaroti; viriyaṃ hāpeti. (pp.) dubbalīkata; hāpitaviriya.

unnoticed : (adj.) asallakkhita; avidita.

unnumbered : (adj.) ayojitaṅka.

unobjectionable : (adj.) avirujjhanīya.

unobstructed : (adj.) abādhita; anorudha; (of mind : ) vinīvaraṇa.

unoccupied : (adj.) apariggahita; anadhivuttha.

unoffending : (adj.) ahiṃsaka.

unofficial : (adj.) anadhikārāyatta.

unopposed : (adj.) virodharahita; abādhita.

unostentatious : (adj.) nirahaṅkāra.

unpack : (v.t.) puṭaṃ bhindati; bhaṇḍikaṃ moceti. (pp.) bhinnapuṭa; mocitabhiṇḍika.

unpalatable : (adj.) virasa.

unparalleled : (adj.) anupameya; atulya.

unpardonable : (adj.) akkhamanīya; akkhamāraha.

unpatriotic : (adj.) vigatasadesālaya.

unperceivable : (adj.) aphusanīya; apariññeyya.

unperformed : (adj.) asādhita.

unphilosophical : (adj.) ñāyaviruddha.

unpitied : (adj.) ananukampita.

unpitying : (adj.) niddaya.

unpleasant : (adj.) amanohara; appiya; aniṭṭha.

unpolished : (adj.) apūtibhāta; adūsita.

unpopular : (adj.) mahājana-appiya.

unpractical : (adj.) asādhiya; appaṭipajjanakkhama.

unpractised : (adj.) aparicita; abhāvita.

unprecedented : (adj.) abhūtapubha.

unprejudiced : (adj.) apakkhapātī; agatirahita.

unprepared : (adj.) assajjita; asaṃvihita.

unpresuming : (adj.) nirahaṅkāra; avikatthaka.

unpretending : (adj.) nirahaṅkāra; avikatthaka.

unprincipled : (adj.) durācāra; vicārahīna; ayathāvidhika.

unproductive : (adj.) aphaladāyaka; asāra.

unproficient : (adj.) avyatta; anipuṇa.

unprofitable : (adj.) aphaladāyī; niratthaka.

unprogressive : (adj.) anabhivuddhigāmī.

unpromising : (adj.) saṅkanīya; āsaṅkiyaphala.

unprompted : (adj.) asamuttejita; anussāhita.

unpropitious : (adj.) aniṭṭha; amaṅgala; asubha.

unproved : (adj.) asādhita; asiddhantagata; anidassita.

unpublished : (adj.) appakāsita; muddaṇena apākaṭīkata.

unpunished : (adj.) adaṇḍita.

unqualified : (adj.) 1. asammata; 2. anipuṇa; 3. akammāraha.

unquestionable : (adj.) apaṭipucchiya; asaṅkanīya.

unravel : (v.t.) vijaṭeti; viniveṭheti; nibbeṭheti. (pp.) vijaṭita; viniveṭhita; nibbeṭhita.

unread : (adj.) apaṭhita; avācita.

unready : (adj.) asajjita; aturita; anucita.

unreal : (adj.) atatha; ataccha; asāra.

unreason : (nt.) mūḷhatta.

unreasonable : (adj.) abuddhigocara; ayathābhūta; aṭṭhānocita.

unrecognisable : (adj.) avijāniya; dubbiññeyya.

unrecommended : (adj.) appasattha; asampaṭicchita.

unrecorded : (adj.) alikhita; potthakānārūḷha.

unredeemed : (adj.) appaṭimocita.

unrefined : (adj.) 1. aparisodhita; 2. avinītācāra.

unregarded : (adj.) agaṇita; asallakkhita.

unregenerated : (adj.) appaṭisaṅkhata; aparivattitasabhāva.

unregretted : (adj.) ananutāpī; apacchātāpī.

unrejoicing : (adj.) asammodamāna; anabhirata.

unrelated : (adj.) 1. aññātaka; 2. asambandha.

unrelenting : (adj.) ananukampaka; thaddhacitta; niddaya.

unreliable : (adj.) asaddheyya.

unremembered : (adj.) vissarita; pamuṭṭha.

unremitting : (adj.) avicchinna; ahāyamāna; nirantara.

unremovable : (adj.) acāliya; thāvara.

unrequited : (adj.) aladdhaphala; adinnahānika.

unreserved : (adj.) 1. asesita; avisesita; nissesa; 2. pākaṭa.

unresisted : (adj.) adassitavirodha.

unrest : (m.) anupasama; āyāsa.

unrestrained : (adj.) asaṃyata; adanta; aniggahita.

unrestricted : (adj.) asīmita; aparicchinna; asambādha.

unrighteous : (adj.) adhammika; pāpiṭṭha.

unripe : (adj.) apakka; apariṇata; āmaka.

unrivalled : (adj.) atulya; appaṭipuggala; appaṭisama.

unrobe : (v.t.) cīvaram apaneti. (pp.) apanītacīvara.

unroll : (v.t.) pasāreti; nibbeṭheti. (pp.) pasārita; nibbeṭhita.

unroof : (v.t.) chadanam apaneti. (pp.) apanītachadana.

unroot : (v.t.) uddharati; ummūleti. (pp.) uddhaṭa; ummūlita.

unruliness : (nt.) avidheyatta; dovacassa.

unruly : (adj.) avidheya; anassava; dubbaca.

unsafe : (adj.) saupaddava; anārakkha; sappaṭibhaya.

unsafely : (adv.) anārakkhaṃ; sappaṭibhayaṃ.

unsaleable : (adj.) avikkeyya.

unsatisfactory : (adj.) apariyattikara; atuṭṭhijanaka.

unsatisfied : (adj.) atitta; appatīta.

unsavoury : (adj.) virasa; asādurasa.

unscrupulous : (adj.) akukkuccaka; asikkhāgaruka.

unseal : (v.t.) lañchanam apaneti; virarati. (pp.) apanītalañchana; vivaṭa.

unsearchable : (adj.) gavesitum asakya; gūḷha.

unseasonable : (adj.) akālocita; asāmayika.

unseat : (v.t.) āsanā or ṭhānā uṭṭhāpeti or apaneti. (v.i.) thānā cavati. (pp.) āsanā or ṭhānā uṭṭhāpita or apanīta; thānā cuta.

unseemly : (adj.) ananucchavika; asobhana.

unseen : (adj.) adiṭṭha; adissamāna.

unselfish : (adj.) amāmaka; paratthakāmī; parahitakārī.

unsentimental : (adj.) akampiyasabhāva.

unserviceable : (adj.) akiccappayogāraha; anupayogga.

unsettle : (v.t.) khobheti; ākulīkaroti. (pp.) khobhita; ākulīkata.

unsew : (v.t.) visibbeti; sibbanam apaneti. (pp.) visibbita; apanītasibbana.

unshackle : (v.t.) saṅkhalikā moceti; bandham apaneti. (pp.) mocitasaṅkhalika; apanītabandhana.

unshakeable : (adj.) akampiya; avicāliya.

unshaken : (adj.) akampita; acala.

unshapely : (adj.) dussaṇṭhāna.

unsheathe : (v.t.) ubbāhati; kosato apaneti. (pp.) ubbāhita; kosato apanīta.

unsheltered : (adj.) aleṇa; anārakkha; agutta.

unsightly : (adj.) virūpa; appiyadassana.

unsintly : (adj.) assamaṇāraha.

unskilful : (adj.) anipuṇa; adakkha.

unskilfulness : (nt.) anipuṇatta.

unskilled : (adj.) anipuṇa; adakkha.

unsmeared : (adj.) anupalitta.

unsociable : (adj.) na samājānucchavika.

unsociableness : (ant.) samājānucitatta.

unsoiled : (adj.) amalina; akalusita.

unsolicited : (adj.) anabhiyācita; anārādhita.

unsophisticated : (adj.) avyāja; akapaṭa; adūsita.

unsought : (adj.) apariyesita.

unsound : (adj.) dubbala; gilāna; asāra.

unsowed : (adj.) avāpita; aropita.

unsparing : (adj.) 1. amitavaya; 2. akkhamanasīla.

unspeakable : (adj.) vācāvisayātīta; vaṇṇanātikkanta.

unspoken : (adj.) akathita.

unspotted : (adj.) 1. akalaṅka; 2. asabala.

unspiritual : (adj.) lokika; anajjhattika.

unsystematic : (adj.) vidhiviruddha; akkamānuga.

unstable : (adj.) athira; addhuva.

unstained : (adj.) akalaṅka; nimmala; adūsita.

unsteady : (adj.) anavaṭṭhita; capala; cañcala; lola.

unstrained : (adj.) 1. aparissāvita; 2. pākatika.

unstudied : (adj.) anuggahita; atakkita; anāciṇṇa.

unsubstantial : (adj.) nissāra; agayhūpaga; māyāmaya.

unsuccessful : (adj.) asamiddha; aphaladāyī; appattasiddhika.

unsuccessfully : (adv.) nipphalākārena.

unsuitable : (adj.) anucita; ananucchavika; anupapanna.

unsuitably : (adv.) asammā; ayathā.

unsullied : (n.) niravajja; niddosa; akalaṅkita.

unsupported : (adj.) nirālamba; nirupatthambha.

unsurpassable : (adj.) anatikkamiya; anabhibhavanīya.

unsurpassed : (adj.) niruttara; anabhibhūta.

unsuspicious : (adj.) nirāsaṅka; nibbematika.

unswept : (adj.) asammaṭṭha; asammajjita.

unswerving : (adj.) akampa; acala; thira.

untainted : (adj.) 1. adūsita; akalaṅka; 2. apūtibhūta.

untameable : (adj.) adamma; avineya.

untamed : (adj.) adanta; kūṭa.

untaught : (adj.) asikkhāpita.

untenable : (adj.) asamtthanīya; appaṭipādanīya; sādhanahīra.

unthanked : (adj.) anabhitthuta.

unthankful : (adj.) athomanasīla; akataññū.

unthinkable : (adj.) acintiya.

unthoughtful : (adj.) avīmaṃsaka; avicāraka.

unthrifty : (adj.) amitabbaya.

untidy : (adj.) asobhana; malina.

untie : (v.t.) ummoceti; gaṇṭhiṃ moceti. (pp.) ummocita; gaṇṭhim mocita.

until : see till.

untimely : (adj.) appattakāla; asāmayika; akālapayutta.

untiring : (adj.) akilāsu; anaṭṭhaviriya.

unto : see to.

untold : (adj.) 1. avutta; 2. agaṇya; appameyya.

untouched : (adj.) anāmaṭṭha.

untoward : (adj.) 1. gabbita; dubbinīta; 2. asubha; abhaddaka; 3. anapekkhita.

untowardly : (adj.) 1. gabbita; dubbinīta; 2. asubha; abhaddaka; 3. anapekkhita.

untrained : (adj.) aparicita; akatupāsana; avinīta.

untrained horse : (m.) assakhaluṅka.

untried : (adj.) anupaparikkhita; avicārita; avinicchita.

untrue : (adj.) asacca; atatha; vitatha.

untruly : (adv.) micchā; vitathākārena.

untrustworthy : (adj.) apaccayika; asaddheyya.

untruth : (n.) musā. (nt.; adj.) mosavajja; asacca; abhūta; alika.

untruthful : (adj.) musāvādī; asaccasandha.

untwist : (v.t.) vijaṭeti; nibbeṭheti. (pp.) vijaṭita; nibbeṭhita.

unusual : (adj.) asātatika; asābhāvika.

unutterable : (adj.) akathanīya; anuccāriya.

unvalued : (adj.) aṭṭhapitaggha.

unvaried : (adj.) avisesita; sāmañña.

unvarying : (adj.) avisesagāmī; nānattarahita.

unveil : (v.t.) vivarati; pākaṭīkaroti. (pp.) vivaṭa; pākaṭīkata.

unversed : (adj.) anadhīta; appassuta; anipuṇa.

unwarily : (adv.) pamattākārena; anārakkhatāya.

unwarned : (adj.) aniveditantarāya.

unwarrantable : (adj.) apaṭiññātabba.

unwarranted : (adj.) aladdhādhikāra; asampaṭicchita.

unwary : (adj.) pamatta; anārakkha.

unwashed : (adj.) adhota.

unwasted : (adj.) akhīṇa; avināsita.

unwavering : (adj.) acala; thira.

unwearied : (adj.) akilanta; alīnaviriya.

unwelcome : (adj.) anabhimata; appiya; ananuññāta.

unwell : (adj.) gilāna; rogātura; akallaka.

unwholesome : (adj.) asappāya; ahita.

unwholesomeness : (nt.) asappāyatta.

unwieldy : (adj.) 1. aparihāriya; 2. atithūla.

unwilling : (adj.) akaāmaka; anicchamāna.

unwillingly : (adj.) akāmaṃ.

unwind : (v.t.) nibbeṭheti. (pp.) nibbeṭhita.

unwinking : (adj.) nimesarahita; sadājāgara; animisa.

unwise : (adj.) duppañña; buddhihīna.

unwisely : (adv.) mūḷhākārena; avidaddhatāya.

unwitting : (adj.) avicakkhaṇa.

unwittingly : (adv.) asañcicca.

unwonted : (adj.) aparicita; asanthuta; asābhāvika.

unworthy : (adj.) anaraha; ananucchavika.

unwounded : (adj.) akkhata; aladdhappahāra.

unwrap : (v.t.) veṭhanam apaneti. (pp.) apanītaveṭhana.

unwritten : (adj.) alikhita.

unwrought : (adj.) 1. akatakamma; 2. asodhita.

unyielding : (adj.) avasagāmī.

unyoke : (v.t.) viyojeti; yugā moceti. (pp.) viyojita; yugā mocita.

up : (prep.; adv.) upari; uddhaṃ.

up and down : (adv.) uddham adho.

up-stream : (m.) paṭisota. (adv.) paṭisotaṃ.

upbear : (v.t.) upatthambheti; unnāmeti. (pp.) upatthambhita; unnāmita.

upbraid : see reproach.

upbringing : (nt.) posaṇa; vaḍḍhana; sikkhāpana.

upcast : (adj.) uddhaṃkhitta.

upheaval : (adj.; nt.) unnāmana. (m.) saṅkhobha.

uphill : (adj.) dukkara; duggama; durāroha.

uphold : (v.t.) paggaṇhāti; upatthambheti; naumaññati. (pp.) paggahita; upatthabhita; anumata.

upholder : (m.) upatthambhaka; paggahetu.

upholster : (v.t.) kojavādayo sampādeti.

upholsterer : (m.) bhisikojavādisampādaka.

upholstery : (nt.) gharūpaka-raṇasampādana.

upkeep : (nt.) paṭijaggana; pavattāpana.

upland : (m.) uccadesa.

uplift : (v.t.) unnāmeti; uccāreti; ukkhipati. (pp.) unnāmita; uccārita; ukkhitta.

upon : see on.

upper : (adj.) upari ṭhita; uparima.

upper floor : (nt.) uparitala.

upper part : (m.) uparibhāga.

uppermost : (adj.) uparitama.

uppish : (adj.) uddhata; gabbita.

upright : (adj.) ujuka; avaṅka; akuṭila; uddhagata.

uprightly : (adj.) avaṅkasabhāva.

uprightness : (nt.) ajjava.

uprise : (v.i.) uddham uggacchati. (pp.) uddham uggata.

uprising : (nt.) uggamana. (m.) janasaṅkhobha.

uproar : (m.) mahāsadda; kolāhala.

uproarious : (adj.) mahāsaddappavattaka; saṅkhobhaka.

uproot : (v.t.) ummūleti; uppāṭeti; samūhanati. (pp.) ummūḷita; uppāṭita; samūhata.

uprooter : (m.) ummūlaka; luñcaka.

ups and downs : (nt.) sukha-dukkha; patanuppatana.

upset : (v.t.) 1. vipairvatteti; ākulīkaroti; 2. nikkujjeti. (pp.) viparivattita; ākulīkata; nikkujjita. (m.) vipallāsa; vikkhepa; kalakala. (nt.) viparivattana. (adj.) 1. viparivattita; ākulīkata; 2. vikkhittacitta; akallaka.

upshot : (nt.) paṭiphala. (f.) osānasiddhi.

upside : (m.) uparipassa.

upside down : (adv.) adhomukkhaṃ.

upspring : (v.i.) uggacchati; ubbhavati. (pp.) uggata; ubbhūta.

upstairs : (adv.) uparitale.

upstart : (m.) sahasā unnatippatta. (v.i.) sahasā uggacchati. (pp.) sahasā uggata.

upturn : (v.t.) ukkujjeti; uparimukhaṃ karoti. (pp.) ukkujjita; uparimukhaṃ kata.

upward : (adj.) uddhaṅgama.

upwards : (adv.) uddhābhimukhaṃ; uparimukhaṃ.

uranium : (m.) seta-ghana-loha-visesa.

urban : (adj.) nāgarika; porī.

urban council : (f.) nagarasabhā.

urbane : (adj.) nagarajāta; vinīta; sādhusīla.

urbanity : (nt.) nāgarikatta; sosīlya. (f.) sabbhatā.

urchin : (m.) ceṭaka; avinītadāraka; sallaka.

ureter : (m.) muttamagga; passāvamagga.

ureteritis : (m.) muttamaggadāha.

urethra : (m.) muttamagga; passāvamagga.

urge : (v.t.) ussāheti; uyyojeti. (pp.) ussāhita; uyyojita.

urgency : (nt.) accāyikatta.

urgent : (adj.) accāyika.

urgently : (adv.) atikhippaṃ; atiturituṃ.

urinal : (f.) passāvakuṭi. (nt.) muttabhājana.

urinate : (v.i.) omutteti; passāvaṃ karoti. (pp.) omuttita; katapassāva.

urination : (nt.) passāvakaraṇa.

urine : (nt.) mutta. (m.) passāva.

urn : (m.) bhasmakumbha; chayakumbha. (nt.) uṇhodakabhājana.

urticate : (v.t.) kapikacchūhi tāḷeti. (pp.) kapikacchūhi ṭāḷita.

usable : (m.) upabhoga; vohāra. (f.) bhāsārīti.

use : (nt.) payojana; cāritta. (m.) upabhoga; paribhoga. (f.) upasevanā. (v.t.) 1. voharati; 2. upasevati; paribhuñjati; 3. ācarati. (pp.) voharita; upasevita; paribhutta; ācarita. (v.i.) paricayati. (pp.) paricita.

use force : pasahati.

useful : (adj.) payojanāvaha; sopakāra.

usefully : (adv.) sappayojanākārena.

useless : (n.) nippayojana; niratthaka.

uselessly : (adv.) nipphalākārena.

uselessness : (nt.) niratthakatta.

usher : (m.) pavesaka; paṭihārī.

usher in : paveseti.

usual : (adj.) sābhāvika; pakatisiddha; bāhulika; avisiṭṭha.

usually : (adv.) samaññena; pāyena; bahuso.

usurer : (m.) vaḍḍhigāhī.

usurious : (adj.) adhikavaḍḍhisahita.

usuriously : (adv.) sādhikavaḍḍhikaṃ.

usurp : (v.t.) pasayha āyattīkaroti. (pp.) pasayha āyattīkata.

usurpation : (nt.) balakkāra-gahaṇa.

usurper : (m.) pasayha-gāhī.

usury : (nt.) vaḍḍhiyā iṇadana.

utensil : (nt.) upakaraṇa; gehopakaraṇa.

uterine : (adj.) ekakucchijāta.

uterus : (m.) gabbhāsaya.

utilitarian : (m.) atthasādhanatāpekkhī.

utilitarianism : (m.) upayogitāvāda.

utility : (nt.) sappayojanatta.

utilise : (v.t.) upayojeti; payojeti. (pp.) upayojita; payojita.

utmost : (adj.) parama; accanta.

utopian : (adj.) manokappita.

utter : (adj.) accanta; paripuṇṇa; anūna. (v.t.) udāmeti; udīreti; vyāharati. (pp.) udānita; udīrita; vyāhaṭa.

utter a cry : vassati; viravati.

utterance : (nt.) udīraṇa; uggiraṇa. (m.) samudāhāra.

utterly : (adv.) sakallena; accantaṃ; paripuṇṇaṃ.

uttermost : (adj.) 1. parama; uttama; accadhika; 2. dūratama.

uvula : (f.) upajivhā.

uxorious : (adj.) bhariyāsatta.

uxoriousness : (f.) bhariyāvasitā.

-ooOoo-
A     B     C     D     E     F
G     H     I     J     K     L
M     N     O     P     Q     R
S     T     U     V     W     X,Y,Z

Contents | Top of Page

Pali-Viet Dictionary | Pali-English Dictionary | English Index
last updated: 25-05-2003


//----------------------------------------------------------


Main Page

Using Unicode VU-Times font




English-Pali Dictionary
by Metta Net, Sri Lanka





- V -

vacancy : (f.) suññatā; assāmikatā; anadhivutthatā.

vacant : (adj.) ritta; suñña; assāmika; anadhivuttha.

vacate : (v.t.) cajati; jahati; vissajjeti. (pp.) catta; jahita; vissaṭṭha.

vacation : (nt.) cajana; vissajjana. (m.) vissāmakāla.

vaccinate : (v.t.) gopūyaṃ paveseti. (pp.) pavesitagopūya.

vaccination : (m.) masūrikānivāraka-patikāra.

vacillate : (v.i.) dolāyati. (pp.) dolāyita.

vacillation : (nt.) dolāyana; dveḷhakatta; atthiratta.

vacuity : (nt.) (vāta-) suññatta; rittatta; tucchatta.

vacuous : (adj.) tuccha; ritta.

vacuum : (m.) rittaṭṭhāna; ākāsa.

vacuum pump : (nt.) vātasuñña-udakākaḍḍhaka.

vagabond : (adj.; m.) niketanarahita; vaṇibbaka.

vagabondage : (nt.) vaṇibbakatta.

vagary : (m.) sacchandacāra. (f.) vipallattha-cintā.

vagina : (nt.) kosākāravatthu; itthinimitta.

vagrancy : (f.) abaddhavāsatā; akammasīlitā.

vagrant : (adj.; m.) aniyatavāsa; pariyāhiṇḍaka; akiccapasuta.

vagrantly : (adv.) pariyāhiṇḍakatāya.

vague : (adj.) avyatta; avisada; avinicchita.

vaguely : (adv.) avisadākārena; anicchayena.

vagueness : (nt.) avisadatta; apākaṭatta.

Vail : (v.t.) gāravena sīsāvaraṇādiṃ apaneti; garukaroti. (pp.) garukata.

vain : (adj.) 1. niratthaka; aphala; mogha; 2. uddhata; dappita.

vain glorious : (adj.) 1. gabbita; 2. vikatthanasīla.

vain gloriously : (adv.) gabbitākārena.

vainly : (adv.) niratthakaṃ; mudhā.

vale : (f.) upaccakā.

valediction : (f.) gamanāsiṃsanā. (m.) sotthivāda.

valedictory : (adj.) subhāsiṃsanāyatta.

valet : (m.) pādamūlika; cullatevāsika; paricāraka.

valetudinary : (adj.) akallaka; gilāna.

valiant : (adj.) sūra; vīra; nibbhaya.

valiantly : (adv.) savikkamaṃ.

valid : (adj.) 1. sakāraṇa; sasādhana; 2. pabala; balappavattaka.

validate : (v.t.) pabalattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) pabalattaṃ pāpita.

validity : (nt.) 1. pabalatta; thiratta; 2. nītyanugatabala.

validly : (adv.) pabalākārena; akhaṇḍiyatāya.

valise : (m.) hatthapasibbaka.

valley : (f.) ninnabhūmi; upaccakā.

valorous : (adj.) dhitimantu; savikkama.

valorously : (adv.) savikkamaṃ; vīrākārena.

valour : (m.) parakkama; vikkama. (nt.) sūratta.

valuate : (v.t.) agghaṃ nirūpeti.

valuation : (nt.) agghanirūpana.

valuator : (m.) agghanirūpaka; agghāpaka.

value : (m.) aggha. (nt.) payojana; mahatta. (v.t.) 1. agghaṃ ṭhapeti or nirūpeti; 2. bahumaññati. (pp.) ṭhapitaggha; bahumata.

valuable : (adj.) mahāraha; mahaggha; anagghavatthūni.

valueless : (adj.) aggharahita; appaggha.

valve : (nt.) sayaṃvaṭṭaka-kavāṭa.

valvular : (adj.) pidhānākāra.

vamose : (v.i.) antaradhāyati; apakkamati. (pp.) antarahita; apakkanta.

vamp : (f.) mohinī; mohetvā vilumpinī. (v.t.) palobheti; sammoheti. (pp.) palobhita; sammohita.

vampire : (m.) 1. rudhirapāyīpisāca; 2. pasayhāvaharī.

vampire-bat : (f.) rudhirapāyinī jatukā.

van : (nt.) bhaṇḍavāhīyāna. (f.) abhimukhasenā. (v.t.) yānena bhaṇḍāni harati. (pp.) yānena haṭabhaṇḍa.

vandal : (m.) vijjākalāviddhaṃsī.

vandalism : (nt.) sippīkammanāsana.

vane : (nt.) ciṅgulaka.

vanish : (v.i.) antaradhāyati; nirujjhati; atthaṅgacchati. (pp.) antarahita; niruddha; atthaṅgata.

vanishing : (adj.) antaradhāyamāna.

vanity : (m.) ahaṅkāra; tucchābhimāna. (nt.) tucchatta.

vanquish : (v.t.) parājeti; abhibhavati. (pp.) parājita; abhibhūta.

vanquisher : (m.) jetu; abhibhū.

vantage : (m.) lābha. (nt.) payojana.

vapid : (adj.) virasa; nirasa.

vapidity : (f.) virasatā.

vaporise : (v.t.) bappam uṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) uṭṭhāpitabappa.

vaporous : (adj.) 1. sabappa; bappayutta; 2. asāra.

vapour : (m.) bappa. (nt.) matimatta. (v.i.) 1. bappam uggacchati; 2. vikatthati. (pp.) uggatabappa; vikatthita.

vapourer : (m.) attasilāghī; vikatthī.

vapulation : (nt.) sākhāya tāḷana.

variability : (nt.) vipariṇamana; atthiratta.

variable : (adj.) viparivattanasabhāva; vipallāsāraha.

variance : (nt.) 1. nānatta; visadisatta; 2. bhinnamatikatta.

variant : (adj.) bhinna; nānāvidha. (m.) pāṭhabheda.

variantation : (m.) nānābhāva. (nt.) vividhatta; visadisagamana.

varicoloured : (adj.) nānāvaṇṇa.

variegate : (v.t.) vicitteti; nānāvaṇṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) vicittita; nānāvaṇṇīkata.

variegated : (adj.) kabara; kammāsa; sabala.

variegation : (nt.) sabalīkaraṇa.

variety : (m.) pabheda. (nt.) vividhatta; nanatta. (f.) visesajāti.

variform : (adj.) nānārūpa; vividhākāra.

variola : (f.) masūrikā.

various : (adj.) anekavidha; vividha.

variously : (adv.) vividhākārena; anekadhā.

varnish : (m.) majjanālepa. (v.t.) vaṇṇamaṭṭhaṃ karoti. (pp.) vaṇṇamaṭṭhakata.

vary : (v.i.) pabhijjati; nānābhavati. (v.t.) pabhedeti; rūpantaraṃ pāpeti. (pp.) pabhinna; nānābhūta; pabhedita; rūpantaraṃ pāpita.

vase : (nt.) pupphādhana. (m.) bhaddakumbha.

vassal : (m.) bhūmidāsa; parāyattabhūmivāsī.

vassalage : (nt.) bhūmidāsatta.

vast : (adj.) atimahanta; ativitthiṇṇa.

vastly : (adv.) ativisālavasena; yebhuyyena.

vastness : (nt.) ativitthiṇṇatta; atimahatta.

vaticinate : (v.t.) anāgataṃ pakāseti. (pp.) pakāsitānāgata.

vaticination : (nt.) anāgatāvīkaraṇa.

vault : (m.) addhacandākārachadana-gabbha. (nt.) bhūmighara.

vault of heaven : (nt.) nabhomaṇḍala.

vaunt : (f.) attasilāghā. (v.i.) attānaṃ silāghati; vikatthati. (pp.) silāghitatta; vikatthita.

vaunter : (m.) attasilāghī.

veal : (nt.) vacchamaṃsa.

veer : (v.t.) maggaṃ parivatteti. (v.i.) matantaraṃ gaṇhāti. (pp.) parivattiamagga; gahitamatantara.

vegetable : (nt.) haritaka. (m.) sākasamūha; bhūtagāma.

vegetarian : (m.) sākabhakkhī; nimmaṃsabhojī.

vegetarianism : (f.) ubbhidabhojitā.

vegetate : (v.i.) ubbhijjati; virūhati. (pp.) ubbhinna; virūḷha.

vegetation : (nt.) ubbhidajāta. (m.) bhūtagāma.

vehemence : (nt.) caṇḍatta; savegatta.

vehement : (adj.) aticaṇḍa; savega.

vehemently : (adv.) caṇḍākārena.

vehicle : (nt.) vāhana; yāna; yogga. (m.) ratha; viññāpanupāya; pavattanādhāra.

veil : (nt.) āvaraṇa; vyājopāya; mukhajala. (f.) tirokaraṇī. (m.) vyājopāya. (v.t.) paṭicchādeti; oguṇṭheti. (pp.) paṭicchādita; oguṇṭhita.

vein : (f.) dhamanī; sirā.

veiny : (adj.) sirābahula; rekhāsahita.

vellicate : (v.t.) sahasā ākaddhati. (pp.) sahasā ākaḍḍhita.

vellum : (nt.) parimaddita-camma-paṭṭa.

velocipede : (nt.) pādapājitayāna.

velocity : (m.) vega; java.

velvet : (m.) siniddhaṃsuka-vattha-visesa.

venal : (adj.) lañcakhādaka.

venality : (f.) lañcavasikatā.

vend : (v.t.) vikkiṇāti; paṇeti. (pp.) vikkīta; paṇita.

vendee : (m.) ketu; kayika.

vender : (m.) vikketu.

vendible : (adj.) vikeyya.

venerable : (adj.) mahanīya; garukātabba; sambhāvanīya; gāravāraha.

venerable person : (m.) āyasmantu; bhavanta.

venerate : (v.t.) abhivādeti; garukaroti; māneti; vandati; pūjeti; namassati. (pp.) abhivādita; garukata; mānita; vandita; pūjita; namassita.

veneration : (m.) garukāra; namakkāra. (f.) vandanā; pūjanā; abhivādanā. (nt.) mānana.

venerator : (m.) vandaka; pūjaka.

venereal : (adj.) methuna-nissita.

venery : (nt.) methuna. (m.) migava.

vengeance : (nt.) verasādhana; veranīyatana.

vengeful : (adj.) veranīyātanasīla.

vengeness : (nt.) verasādhakatta.

venial : (adj.) satekiccha.

veniality : (nt.) satekicchatta.

venison : (nt.) migamaṃsa.

venom : (nt.) visa; garaḷa. (f.) usūyā; anatthakāmatā.

venomed : (adj.) visadiddha.

venomous : (adj.) 1. savisa; 2. issāyutta.

venomousness : (nt.) savisatta.

venous : (adj.) dhamanīvisayaka.

vent : (nt.) vātacchidda; niggamadvāra. (v.t.) 1. nikkhameti; 2. ajjhāsayaṃ pakāseti. (pp.) nikkhamita; pakāsitajjhāsaya.

ventage : (m.) vātaniggama. (nt.) ajjhāsayappakāsana.

venthole : (nt.) vātacchidda. (m.) vāyumāḷa.

ventiduct : (m.) antobhummavātamagga.

ventilate : (v.t.) 1. vātaṃ paveseti; 2. ajjhāsayaṃ pakāseti.

ventilation : (nt.) 1. vātappavesana; 2. ajjhāsayappakāsana.

ventilator : (m.) vātamagga. (nt.) kavāṭa.

ventless : (adj.) niggamadvāra-rahita.

ventral : (adj.) udaranissita.

ventricle : (nt.) dehagatakuhara.

ventricle cose : (adj.) lambodara.

venture : (f.) vīrakriyā. (v.i.) visahati.

venture some : (adj.) vīrakriyāsatta; nibbhaya.

venturous : (adj.) vīrakriyāsatta; nibbhaya.

venturously : (adv.) vīrākārena.

venue : (nt.) 1. vinicchayaṭṭhāna; 2. samāgamaṭṭhāna.

Venus : (m.) sukka; asuraguru.

veracious : (adj.) saccavādī; saddheyyavacana.

veraciously : (adv.) saccavāditāya.

veracity : (nt.) avithatatta.

veranda : (m.) ālinda.

verandah : (m.) ālinda || back verandah: (m.) piṭṭhivaṃsa.

verb : (nt.) ākahyāta; kriyāpada.

verbal : (adj.) 1. vācasika; 2. kriyāyatta.

verbal action : (nt.) vacīkamma.

verbalism : (f.) saddamattavicāraṇā.

verbalist : (m.) saddamattavicāraka.

verbally : (adv.) yathāsaddaṃ; vacanavasena.

verbatim : (adv.) padānupadaṃ; padaso.

verbiage : (nt.) vacanabahulatta.

verbose : (adj.) nirattahakasaddappayogī; atimattabhāṇī.

verbosity : (f.) saddabahulatā; atibhāṇitā.

verdant : (adj.) 1. harita; saddala; 2. apariṇatabuddhī.

verdict : (m.) adhikaraṇaniṇṇaya. (nt.) adhikaraṇikatīraṇa.

verdure : (nt.) haritatta. (m.) rukkhalatāsamūla.

verdurous : (adj.) 1. palāsavaṇṇa; 2. rukkhalatāsañchanna.

verge : (m.) pariyanta. (m.; f.) adhikārayaṭṭhi. (v.i.) 1. passena onamati; 2. upatiṭṭhati; samīpaṃ yāti. (pp.) passena onata; upatiṭṭhita; samīpaṃ yāta.

verger : (m.) 1. adhikāradaṇḍadhārī; 2. devāyatane āsananiyāmaka.

veridical : (adj.) saccavādī; saddheyyavacana.

verification : (nt.) samatthana; tahttasādhana.

verify : (v.t.) samattheti; pamāṇeti; tathataṃ sādheti. (pp.) samatthita; pamāṇita; sādhitatathatta.

verily : (adv.) nūnaṃ; khalu; ekaṃsena.

verisimilar : (adj.) saccābhāsayutta.

verisimilitude : (m.) saccābhāsa.

veritable : (adj.) anvaṭṭha; yathābhūta.

veritably : (adv.) yathābhūtaṃ.

verity : (f.) yāthāvatā; saccatā.

verjuice : (nt.) ambilayūsa.

vermicidal : (adj.) kimināsaka.

vermicide : (nt.) kīṭanāsakosadha.

vermicular : (adj.) kimisadisa.

vermiculate : (adj.) kimisaṅkiṇṇa.

vermiculation : (nt.) kimisaṇṭhāna.

vermilion : (nt.) hiṅgulaka.

vermin : (m.) kimi; kīṭa.

verminate : (v.i.) kimisaṅkiṇṇo hoti.

verminous : (adj.) kīṭākiṇṇa.

vermiparous : (adj.) kimijanaka.

vermivorous : (adj.) kimibhakkha.

vernacular : (adj.) sadesaja; nijadesika. (f.) sadesabhāsā; nijabhāsā.

vernacularism : (m.) desabhāsāpayoga.

vernal : (adj.) vasantakālika.

versatile : (adj.) capala; lola.

versatility : (nt.) cāpalla.

verse : (f.) gāthā. (nt.) pajja. (m.) siloka.

versed : (adj.) nipuṇa; vicakkhaṇa; vyatta; pavīṇa.

versicoloured : (adj.) nānāvaṇṇa.

versification : (f.) pajjaracanā.

versifier : (m.) pajjakāra.

versify : (v.t.i.) pajjaṃ bandhati or racayati; pajjattaṃ parivatteti. (pp.) baddhapajja; pajjattaṃ parivattita.

version : (m.) anuvāda. (nt.) bhāsantaraparivattana.

versus : (prep.) paṭi; virodhena.

vertebra : (nt.) piṭṭhikaṇṭaka.

vertebrate : (adj.) piṭṭhikaṇṭakayutta.

vertex : (nt.) sikhara; agga. (m.) matthaka.

vertical : (adj.) uddhaṃṭhita.

vertically : (adv.) uddhādhobhāvena; ujukamuddhaṃ.

vertigo : (nt.) sīsabhamaṇa.

verve : (nt.) viriya. (f.) dhiti. (m.) ussāha.

very : (adj.) 1. yathābhūta; yathātatha; 2. tadatthabhūta; 3. accanta; atimatta. (adv.) ati; accantaṃ; atimattaṃ.

very clear : (adj.) suvisada.

very difficult : (adj.) atidukkara.

very early : (adv.) atippage'va.

very many : (adj.) subahu; atimatta.

very much : (adv.) ativiya; atirekataraṃ.

very small : (adj.) ittara; atikhuddaka.

vesica : (m.) muttāsaya.

vesicate : (v.t.) phoṭake uppādeti.

vesication : (nt.) phoṭakuppādana.

vesicatory : (adj.) phoṭakuppādaka.

vesper : (f.) sañjhopāsanā. (m.) sukkagaha. (f.) osadhītārakā.

vespertine : (adj.) sāyaṇhika.

vespiary : (nt.) bhamarapaṭala.

vessel : (nt.) bhājana. (m.) pota. (f.) nāvā; dhamanī.

vest : (nt.) 1. antarakañcuka; 2. nivāsana. (v.t.) adhikāraṃ deti; adhikāradassakaṃ nivāseti. (v.i.) adhikāraṃ or upādhiṃ labhati. (pp.) dinnādhikāra; nivāsitādhikāradassaka; laddhādhikāra; laddhopādhika.

vesta : (f.) 1. aggisalākā; 2. aggidevatā.

vestal : (adj.) aggidevatāyatta. (f.) brahmacārinī.

vested : (adj.) patiṭṭhāpita; āyattīkata.

vestibule : (f.) pavesasālā. (m.) abhimukhagabbha; pavesamagga.

vestige : (nt.) lañchana; naṭṭhāvasiṭṭha.

vestment : (m.) adhikārāyatta-dīgha-kañcuka.

vetch : (f.) māsajāti.

veteran : (adj.; n.) 1. kataparicaya; 2. ñāṇavuddha; 3. topovuddha.

veterinarian : (m.) pasutikcchaka.

veterinary : (f.) pasutikicchā.

veto : (nt.) nisedhabala. (m.) paṭisedhādhikāra. (v.t.) nisedheti; paṭisedheti. (pp.) nisedhita; paṭisedhita.

vex : (v.t.) 1. kopeti; roseti; 2. bādheti; viheṭheti. (pp.) kopita; rosita; bādhita; viheṭhita.

vexation : (nt.) kopana; rosana; viheṭhana. (m.) upatāpa; vighāta.

vexatious : (adj.) 1. kopajanaka; ubbejaka; 2. viheṭhanaka.

vexatiousedly : (adv.) saubbegaṃ; sakopaṃ.

via : (m.) magga. (f.) vīthi; ākāsagaṅgā. (prep.) maggena; antarena; disāya.

viability : (f.) jīvanasamatthattā.

viable : (adj.) jīvanakkhama.

viaduct : (m.) setusadisamagga.

vial : (nt.) kācatumba.

viand : (nt.) āhāravatthu; bhojjavatthu.

viaticum : (nt.) pātheyya; maggopakaraṇa.

vibrate : (v.i.) 1. vipphurati; 2. vipphandati; pakampati. (v.t.) vipphandeti; pakampeti. (pp.) vipphurita; vipphandita; pakampita.

vibration : (nt.) kampana; calana; phandana.

vibrative : (adj.) phandamāna; kampamāna.

vicar : (m.) padesika-devapūjaka.

vicarage : (m.) devapūjakanivāsa.

vicarious : (adj.) aññatthāya niyojita; parakiccapasuta.

vice : (pref.) upa. (prep.) atthāya. (nt.) duccarita. (m.) aparādha; adhamma; kaṭṭhapīḷaka.

vice versa : (adv.) tappaṭipakkhena; paṭilomaṃ.

vice-chancellor : (m.) nikhilavijjālaye upappadhāna.

vice-principal : (m.) upapadhānācariya.

vicennial : (adj.) vīsativassika.

viceroy : (m.) rājapaṭinidhip uparāja.

viceroyalty : (nt.) oparajja.

vicinage : (f.) āsannabhūmi. (m.) patiṭṭhita-padesa.

vicinity : (nt.) samīpaṭṭhāna. (m.) ñātisambandha.

vicious : (adj.) durācāra; kibbisakārī.

viciously : (adv.) duṭṭhākārena; papacetasā.

vicissitude : (m.) vipariṇāma. (nt.) avatthantara.

vicissitudinary : (adj.) viapariṇāmadhamma.

vicissitudinous : (adj.) viapariṇāmadhamma.

victim : (m.) 1. bhakkha; 2. gāhagata; antarāyappatta; 3. vañcanappatta.

victimise : (v.t.) 1. upahārabaliṃ karoti; 2. antarāyaṃ pāpeti; vañceti. (pp.) upahārabaliṃ kata; pāpita; vañcita.

victor : (m.) jetu; vejetu; vijayī; jayalābhī.

victorious : (adj.) vijitāvī; jayaggāhī.

victoriously : (adv.) jayaggāhīlīlāya.

victory : (m.) jaya; vijaya; kaṭaggāha. (nt.) jinana.

victress : (f.) vijitāvinī.

victual : (v.t.) āhāropakaraṇāni sampādeti.

victuals : (m.) āhāra. (nt.) bhojana.

vide : (v.t.) passeyyāsi.

vidimus : (nt.) saṅkhyāparikkhaṇa. (f.) saṅkhittalipi.

vie : (v.i.) vijigiṃsati; jetum icchati. (pp.) vijigiṃsita; jetum icchita.

view : (nt.) mata; dassana; nirikkhaṇa; parikkhaṇa. (f.) mati; diṭṭhi. (m.) vāda; cakkhupatha; dassanūpacāra. (v.t.) ikkhati; passati; oloketu; upaparikkhati. (pp.) ikkhita; diṭṭha; olokita; upaparikkhita || field of view: (m.) dassanapatha; with a view to: ajjhāsayena; apekkhāya.

view holder : (m.) matapakāsaka; vādī.

view point : (m.) matabheda.

viewless : (adj.) adissamāna.

vigil : (nt.) jāgaraṇa. (m.) appamāda.

vigilance : (nt.) saṃrakkhaṇa; jāgaraṇa. (m.) appamāda.

vigilant : (adj.) jāgara; appamatta.

vigilantly : (adv.) appamādena; sāvadhānaṃ; jāgariyena.

vigorous : (adj.) 1. balavantu; thāmavantu; 2. daḷhatama.

vigorously : (adv.) atidaḷhaṃ; mahussāhena.

vigour : (nt.) bala; viriya. (m.) thāma. (f.) satti.

vile : (adj.) nīca; hīna; nihīna; nikṭṭha; kucchita.

vilely : (adv.) nīcākārena; adhamatāya.

vileness : (nt.) nīcatta; adhamatta.

vilification : (m.) upavāda; apavāda. (nt.) nindana; garahana.

vilifier : (m.) upavādī; garahī; nindaka.

vilify : (v.t.) apavadati; upavadati; nindati. (pp.) apavutta; upavutta; nindita;

vilipend : (v.t.) avamaññati; aguṇaṃ katheti. (pp.) avamata; kathitāguṇa.

village : (m.) gāma; saṃvasatha || entrance to a village: (nt.) gāmadvāra; inner village: (m.) antogāma; neighbouring village: (m.) dhuragāma.

village folk : (m.) gāmajana.

village headman : (m.) gāmabhojaka.

villager : (m.) gāmika.

villain : (m.) khala; dujjana; dhutta; pāpī; narādhana.

villainous : (adj.) dujjanapakatika; āgucārī; dutṭhasabhāva.

villainousness : (nt.) dujjanatta; āgucāritta; kahalatta.

villainy : (m.) dhuttabhāva; durācāra.

vim : (m.) thāma. (f.) satti.

vincible : (adj.) jetabba; jeyya.

vindicate : (v.t.) niravajjaṃ karoti; dosaṃ sodheti. (pp.) niravajjaṃ kata; sodhitadosa.

vindication : (nt.) dosamocana; niravajjakaraṇa.

vindicative : (adj.) vajjasamatthanaka.

vindicator : (m.) dosasodhāka.

vindictive : (adj.) verasādhanapara; akkhamanasīla.

vindictively : (adv.) verasādhanavasena.

vindictiveness : (nt.) vereapaṭikaraṇa; verasādhana.

vine : (f.) latā; muddikā.

vine clad : (adj.) muddikālatākiṇṇa.

vinegar : (m.) bilaṅga. (nt.) sovīra.

vinery : (f.) muddikāropaṇasālā.

vineyard : (nt.) muddikāyatana.

vintage : (m.) muddikāphalasamaya.

vintager : (m.) muddikāocinaka.

vintner : (m.) muddikāpānavikkayī.

viol : (f.) cha-tantikavīṇā.

violate : (v.t.) 1. ullaṅgheti; atikkamati; aticarati; 2. padhaṃseti. (pp.) ullaṅghita; atikkanta; aticarita; padhaṃsita.

violation : (nt.) 1. ullaṅghana; 2. padhaṃsana.

violator : (m.) haṭhena dūsaka.

violence : (nt.) sāhasa. (m.) balakkāra.

violent : (adj.) sāhasika; aticaṇḍa.

violently : (adv.) pasayha; balakkārena.

violet : (adj.) pāṭala; nīlalohita. (m.) puppavisesa.

violin : (f.) sāraṅgī.

violinist : (m.) sāraṅgika.

viper : (m.) gonasa (-sappa).

viperish : (adj.) gonasopama.

viperous : (adj.) pesuññavādī.

virago : (f.) kalahappiyā; purisagatikā.

virescence : (nt.) haritatta.

virgate : (adj.) kisa-ujubhūta.

virgin : (f.) kaññā; kumārī; avivāhitā.

virginal : (adj.) kaññānucchavika.

virginity : (m.) kaññābhāva.

Virgo : (m.) kaññārāsi.

viridescence : (nt.) īsaṃharitatta.

viridescent : (adj.) īsaṃharita.

virile : (adj.) purisāyatta; thāmayutta.

virility : (nt.) porisa.

virose : (adj.) visayutta.

virtu : (f.) lalitakalāpiyatā.

virtual : (adj.) vatthuto upalabbhamāna; yathātatha.

virtually : (adv.) tattato; vatthuto; yathātthato.

virtue : (m.) sadācāra; guṇadhamma. (nt.) sīla.

virtueless : (adj.) dussīla; adhammika.

virtuous : (adj.) susīla; sagguṇa; dhammika.

virtuously : (adv.) dhammikatāya.

virtuousness : (nt.) dhammikatta; sosīlya.

virulence : (nt.) uggatta; atipahrusatta.

virulent : (adj.) visayutta; ugga; tibba; atipharusa.

virulently : (adv.) tibbākārena.

virus : (nt.) sannihitavisa.

vis-a-vis : (adv.) mukhāmukhaṃ; sammukhaṃ.

visage : (nt.) mukhasaṇṭhāna. (m.) mukhavaṇṇa.

viscera : (plu; m.) antādi-dehabbha-natarika-koṭṭhāsā.

viscerate : (v.t.) antādīni apaharati. (pp.) apahataṇtādi.

viscid : (adj.) lagganapakatika.

viscidity : (nt.) saṃlaggakatta.

viscin : (m.) niyyāsa-visesa.

viscous : see glutinous.

visibility : (nt.) dissamānatta.

visible : (adj.) diṭṭhigocara; sandissamāna; sandiṭṭhika.

visible thing : (nt.) rūpārammaṇa.

visibly : (adv.) paccakkhato.

vision : (f.) diṭṭhi; māyā. (nt.) dassana; manonimmāṇa; ābhāsadassana.

visionary : (adj.) manokappanāyatta; ābhāsamattāyatta.

visit : (nt.) abbhāgamana; upasaṅkamana. (v.t.) upasaṅkamati; upagacchati. (pp.) upasaṅkanta; upagata.

visitant : (m.) abbhāgāmī; āgantuka.

visitation : (nt.) abbhāgamana; upaparikkhāya caraṇa; vipākadāna.

visiting : (adj.) kālena kālaṃ upagacchamāna.

visiting card : (nt.) nāmādyaṅkitapaṇṇa.

visitor : (m.) abbhāgāmī; atithi; āgantuka.

visor : see mask.

vista : (nt.) antarena dassana. (f.) tarupanti.

visual : (adj.) dassanāyatta; diṭṭhigocara.

visual cognition : (nt.) cakkhuviññāṇa.

visual organ : (nt.) cakkhāyatana.

visualise : (v.t.) diṭṭhigocaraṃ karoti; sacchikaroti. (pp.) diṭthigocaraṃ kata; sacchikata.

vital : (adj.) 1. accāvassaka; 2. jīvāyatta; jīvadhāraka.

vital spot : (nt.) mammaṭṭhāna.

vitality : (nt.) jīvadhārakatta; jīvitindriya.

vitalisation : (nt.) sajīvattapā pana; sabalīkaraṇa.

vitalise : (v.t.) sajīvaṃ karoti; balaṃ gāhāpeti.

vitally : (adv.) avassam eva.

vitellus : (f.) aṇḍamiñjā.

vitiate : (v.t.) dūseti; misseti. (pp.) dūsita; missita.

vitiation : (nt.) dūsana.

vitreous : (adj.) kācūpama.

vitrification : (nt.) kācattapāpana.

vitrify : (v.t.) kācattaṃ pāpeti. (pp.) kācattaṃ pāpita.

vituperate : (v.t.) akkosati; garahati; nindati. (pp.) akkosita or akkuṭṭha; garahita; nindita.

vituperation : (nt.) akkosana.

vituperative : (adj.) akkosaka; paribhāsaka.

viva : (intj.) ciraṃ jīvatu!

viva voce : (nt.) vācāhi upaparikkhaṇa. (adv.) vacanamattena.

vivacious : (adj.) saussāha; uttejita.

vivaciously : (adv.) saussāhaṃ.

vivacity : (nt.) uttejitatta.

vivarium : (nt.) pasuyyāna. (m.) migadāya.

vivid : (adj.) 1. visada; vibhūta; atipākaṭa; 2. dippamāna.

vividly : (adv.) visadākārena.

vividness : (nt.) suvisadatta.

vivification : (nt.) ujjīvana; uttejana.

vivify : (v.t.) 1. sajīvaṃ karoti; 2. uttejeti. (pp.) sajīvakata; uttejita.

viviparous : (adj.) jalābuja; gabbhaseyyaka.

vivisect : (v.t.) sajīvapāṇino vicchindati. (pp.) vicchinnasajīvapāṇī.

vivisection : (nt.) sajīvapāṇivicchindana.

vixen : (f.) 1. sigālī; 2. kalahakārinī.

viz : (adv.) taṃ yathā; seyyathīdaṃ.

vizier : (m.) mahammadikamahāmacca.

villa : (nt.) gāmika-mandira.

vocable : (nt.) vacana; pada.

vocabulary : (f.) vacanamālā.

vocal : (adj.) saranissita; vācasika.

vocalist : (m.) gāyaka; sarabhāṇī.

vocalise : (v.t.) sarabhaññaṃ bhaṇati.

vocation : (m.) jīvanopāya; vyāpāra. (nt.) avhāna.

vocational : (adj.) jīvanopāyāyatta.

vocative : (f.) ālapanavibhatti. (nt.) sambodhana.

vociferance : (nt.) ugghosana. (m.) mahāsadda.

vociferate : (v.t.) ukkosati; mahāsaddena katheti. (pp.) ukkosita; mahāsaddena kathita.

vociferation : (f.) ukkosanā; ugghosanā.

vociferous : (adj.) mahāsaddayutta.

vociferously : (adv.) mahānādena.

vociferousness : (f.) mahāghosatā.

vogue : (m.) vohāra; pacāra. (nt.) pavattana. (f.) sammuti || in vogue: (adj.) pacāragata.

voice : (m.) sara; sadda; nāda || active voice: (m.) kattukāraka.

voiceless : (adj.) nissadda.

void : (nt.) suññaṭṭhāna. (m.) ākāsa. (adj.) suñña; ritta; tuccha; virahita. (v.t.) rittaṃ karoti.

voidance : (nt.) parivajjana; nicchāraṇa.

voidly : (adv.) suññākārena.

voidness : (nt.) suññatta.

volant : (adj.) uḍḍīyanakkhama.

volatile : (adj.) 1. sīghena khīyamāna; 2. capala; cañcaha.

volatilise : (v.t.) sīghaṃ khepeti or vipphāreti. (pp.) sīghaṃ khepita; vipphārita.

volcanic : (adj.) aggibhūdharāyatta; aticaṇḍa.

volcano : (m.) aggibhūdhara; jālāmukhapabbata.

volitant : see volant.

volition : (nt.) cetanābala. (m.) adhimokkha.

volitional : (adj.) cetanāyatta.

volitionally : (adv.) adhiṭṭhānabalena.

volley : (f.) āyuddhavuṭṭhi.

volt : (nt.) vijjubala-māṇa.

voltage : (nt.) vijjubalappamāṇa.

volubility : (f.) mukharatā.

voluble : (adj.) mukhara; vācāla.

volubly : (adv.) mukhārākārena.

volume : (f.) saṃhati. (m.) saṅghāta. (m.; nt.) (of a book : ) gantha; pothaka.

voluminous : (adj.) visāla; mahanta; bahukaṇḍaka.

voluminously : (adv.) visālavasena.

voluntarily : (adv.) saka-icchāya.

voluntary : (adj.) secchāpubbaka; sacchandakārī.

volunteer : (m.) secchāsevaka. (v.t) sakaicchāya sevati or karoti.

voluptuary : (adj.; n.) kāmasatta.

voluptuous : (adj.) kāmabhogī.

voluptuously : (adv.) kāmāsattatāya.

voluptuousness : (f.) kamabhogitā.

vomit : (v.t.i.) vamati; uggāreti. (pp.) vamita; uggārita. (f.) chaddikā. (m.) vamana.

vomiting : (nt.) vamana.

vomiturition : (nt.) abhiṇhavamana. (m.) vamanussāha.

voracious : (adj.) bahubhakkha; mahagghasa.

voraciously : (adv.) mahagghasatāya.

voraciousness : (nt.) odarikatta.

vortex : (m.) salilabbhama. (nt.) āvaṭṭakavatthu; āvaṭṭana.

votary : (m.) vatasamādāyī; bhattimantu; sāvaka.

vote : (nt.) chandaka. (f.) anumati. (v.t.) chandaṃ deti; anumatiṃ pakāseti. (pp.) dinnachanda; pakāsitānumatī.

voter : (m.) chandadāyī; anumatidāyī.

votive : (adj.) paṭiññāta.

vouch : (v.t.) daḷhīkaroti; pamāṇayati. (pp.) daḷhīkata; pamāṇita.

vouch safe : (v.t.) anujānāti; anuggahaṃ paṭijānāti. (pp.) anuññāta; paṭiññātānuggaha.

voucher : (nt.) saccakārapaṇṇa.

vow : (f.) paṭiññā. (nt.) vatasamādāna. (v.t.) paṭijānāti; paṇidhiṃ ṭhapeti; sapathaṃ karoti. (pp.) paṭiññāta; ṭhapitapaṇidhī; katasapatha.

vowel : (nt.) sara (-akkhara).

voyage : (f.) jalayātrā. (nt.) samuddagamana. (v.i.) māvāya sañcarati.

voyager : (m.) nāvāyasañcārī.

vraisemblance : (m.) saccābhāsa.

vulgar : (adj.) gamma; nikiṭṭha; adhama.

vulgarism : (m.) asabbhavācāpayoga.

vulgarity : (f.) gammatā; nīcatā.

vulgarise : (v.t.) durācāraṃ sikkhāpeti.

vulgarly : (adv.) asabbhākārena.

vulnerability : (f.) padhaṃsiyatā; bhejjatā.

vulnerable : (n.) bhejja; vejjha; suppadhaṃsita.

vulnerary : (adj.; nt.) vaṇaropaka (-osadha).

vulpine : (adj.) 1. sigālasadisa; 2. vañcaka; saṭha.

vulture : (m.) gijjha.

vulturine : (adj.) gijjhasadisa.

vulturish : (adj.) gijjhasadisa.

vulva : (nt.) itthinimitta.

-ooOoo-
A     B     C     D     E     F
G     H     I     J     K     L
M     N     O     P     Q     R
S     T     U     V     W     X,Y,Z

Contents | Top of Page

Pali-Viet Dictionary | Pali-English Dictionary | English Index
last updated: 25-05-2003


//----------------------------------------------------------


Main Page

Using Unicode VU-Times font




English-Pali Dictionary
by Metta Net, Sri Lanka





- W -

waddle : (nt.) haṃsagamana. (v.i.) haṃsagatiyā gacchati. (pp.) haṃsagatiyā gata.

waddlingly : (adv.) haṃsagatiyā.

wade : (v.i.t.) kicchena yāti; jale otaritvā gacchati.

wader : (m.) 1. kicchena-yāyī; 2. jalacarapakkhivisesa.

wafer : (nt.) madhupaṭalākārakhajjaka.

waft : (v.i.) udakena vuyhati; vātena nīyati. (v.t.) (dhajādiṃ) kampeti. (pp.) udakena vūḷha; vātena nīta; kampita.

waftage : (nt.) vuyhana.

wag : (nt.) cālana. (m.) pahāsaka. (v.t.) cāleti; kampeti; vidhūpeti. (pp.) cālita; kampita; vidhūpita.

wag tail : (m.) khañjarīṭa (-pakkhī).

wage : (nt.) vetana. (f.) bhati. (v.t.) (war) yujjhati; raṇam ārabhati. (pp.) yujjhita; āraddharaṇa.

wager : (m.) abbhuta; paṇa (v.t.) abbhutaṃ or paṇaṃ karoti. (pp.) katabbhuta.

waggish : (adj.) keḷisīla; pahāsaka.

waggle : (v.t.i.) ito c'ito calati or cāleti. (pp.) ito c'ito calita; cālita.

wagon : (m.) sakaṭa.

wagoner : (m.) sākaṭika.

waif : (nt.) assāmikavatthu. (m.) apariggahita-pāṇī; anāthapurisa.

wail : (m.) vilāpa; parideva. (nt.) akkandana. (v.t.i.) vilapati; paridevati; kandati. (pp.) vilapita; paridevita; kandita.

wailful : (adj.) vilapamāna; sokapareta.

wailing : (nt.) rodana.

wainscot : (nt.) bhittipadarāvaraṇa. (v.t.) bhittiṃ padarehi āvarati. (pp.) padarāvaṭabhittika.

waist : (f.) kaṭi. (m.) majjha.

waist band : (nt.) pamaṅga; kaṭisutta; kāyabandhana.

waist cloth : (nt.) kacchabandhana.

waist deep : (adj.) kaṭippamāṇa.

wait : (v.i.t.) 1. nivattati; acchati; 2. āgameti; 3. upaṭṭhāti. (pp.) nivattita; upaṭṭhita. (nt.) āgamana; paccāsiṃsana.

waiter : (m.) sevaka; paricāraka.

wait for : paccāsiṃsati; apekkhati.

wait on : upaṭṭhāti; paricarati.

waiting : (adj.) acchamāna.

waiting room : (f.) āgantukasālā; pathikasālā.

waitress : (f.) paricārikā; parivesikā.

waive : see abandon.

wake : (nt.) jāgaraṇa. (m.) appamāda. (v.i.) pabujjhati. (v.t.) pabodheti; sayanato uṭṭhāpeti. (pp.) pabuddha; pabodhita. sayanato uṭṭhāpita.

wakeful : (adj.) appamatta; jāgariyānuyutta.

wakefully : (adv.) appamādena; jāgaratāya.

wakefulness : (nt.) jāgariya; avadhāna. (m.) appamāda.

waken : (v.t.) pabodheti; uṭṭhāpeti. (v.i.) pabujjhati; uṭṭhāti. (pp.) pabodhita; uṭṭhāpita; pabuddha; uṭṭhita.

wale : (nt.) kasāhata-ciṇha. (v.t.) kasāhananena ciṇha uppādeti.

walk : (nt.) vicaraṇa; caṅkamaṇa. (m.) sañcāra; jaṅghāvihāra. (v.i.) sañcarati; āhiṇḍatia; caṅkamati.

walker : (nt.) padika; sañcaritu.

walking : (nt.) sañcaraṇa.

walking stick : (f.) kattarayaṭṭhi.

prepared walk : (m.) caṅkama.

wall : (f.) bhitti. (nt.) kuḍḍa. (v.t.) pākārena āvarati. (pp.) pākārenāvaṭa.

wall plate : (m.) saṅghāṭa.

wallet : (m.) (hattha-) pasibbaka.

wall-eye : (m.) nettakāca.

wall-eyed : (adj.) nettakācayutta.

wallop : (v.t.) adhikaṃ tāḷeti. (pp.) adhikaṃ tāḷita.

wallow : (m.) paṅkāvāṭa. (v.i.) paṅke pavaṭṭati. (pp.) paṅke pavaṭṭita.

walnut : (m.) vibhītakīvisesa.

walrus : (m.) samuddahatthī.

waltz : (nt.) bhamananacca. (v.i.) bhamananaccaṃ pavatteti.

wan : (adj.) vivaṇṇa; uppaṇḍuka.

wand : (f.) indajālika-yaṭṭhi.

wander : (v.i.) āhiṇḍati; pariyaṭati; saṃsarati. (pp.) saṃsarita.

wanderer : (m.) pariyaṭaka; paribbhamaka.

wandering : (nt.) saṃsaraṇa; sañcaraṇa.

wane : (v.i.) khīyati; hāyati; veti. (pp.) khīṇa; hīna. (m.) khaya; vaya. (f.) hāni.

waning : (adj.) khīyamāna.

want : (f.) apekkhā; icchā. (m.) abhāva. (nt.) ūnatta; niddhanatta. (v.i.) 1. apekkhati; icchati; 2. parihāyati.

wanting : (adj.) ūnaka; vikala. (prep.) vinā.

wanton : (adj.) asaṃyata; 2. kāmāsatta; 3. yathākāmacārī; 4. amattaññū. (f.) durācārinī. (v.i.) 1. dibbati; 2. vilasati; 3. kamukatāya ācarati.

wantonly : (adv.) 1. savilāsaṃ; 2. yathākāmaṃ.

wantonness : (f.) vilāsitā; yathākāmcāritā. (m.) abhimāna; dappa.

war : (nt.) yuddha; raṇa. (m.) saṅgāma; āhava. (v.i.) yujjhati; saṅgāmeti.

war cry : (m.) yuddhaghosa.

war chariot : (m.) yuddharatha.

warfare : (nt.) yujjhana; yuddhakaraṇa.

warlike : (adj.) raṇakāmī.

war office : (m.) yuddhakiccālaya.

warble : (nt.) kūjana. (v.i.) kūjati; gayati. (pp.) kūjita; gāyita.

warbler : (m.) kūjaka; pakkhivisesa.

ward : (f.) ārakkhā. (m.) ārakkhaka; anupadesa. (v.t.) 1. saṃrakkhati; 2. nivāreti; paṭibāhati. (pp.) saṃrakkhita; nivārita; paṭibāhita.

warden : (m.) saṃrakkhaka; palaka.

warding off : (nt.) paṭibāhana; nivāraṇa.

wardrobe : (nt.) vatthādhāna. (nt.; plu.) nivāsana-pāru-panāni.

wardship : (nt.) ārakkhakadhura.

ware : (nt.) bhaṇḍajāta. (adj.) see aware. (v.t.) sāvadhāno or appamatto hoti.

ware house : (f.) bhaṇḍasālā.

warm : (adj.) uṇha; tatta; tikhiṇa; uttejita. (v.t.) 1. tāpeti; usumaṃ gaṇhāpeti; 2. uttejeti. (pp.) tatta; gāhitausuma; uttejita.

warmly : (adv.) sasnehaṃ; saussāhaṃ.

warmness : (m.) tāpa; uṇha; ussāha. (nt.) ghamma. (f.) tikhiṇatā; īhā.

warm blooded : (adj.) uṇhalohitayutta.

warm hearted : (adj.) sadaya.

warmth : (nt.) uṇhatta.

warn : (v.t.) pageva ñāpeti or nivedeti. (pp.) pageva ñāpita; nivedita.

warning : (nt.) āvedana; nivedana; puretarañāpana.

warp : (v.t.) parāvaṭṭeti; saṅkoceti. (v.i.) āvaṭṭati; sañkucati. (pp.) parāvaṭṭita; saṅkocita; āvaṭṭita; sañkucita. (m.; plu.) āyata-tantavo.

warrant : (nt.) adhikārapaṇṇa. (v.t.) adhikāre niyojeti; pamāṇayati. (pp.) adhikāre niyojita; pamāṇita.

warrantable : (adj.) pamāṇīkātabba.

warrantee : (m.) laddhādhikārapaṇṇa.

warrior : (m.) yodha; yuddhabhaṭa.

warrior caste : (nt.) khattiyakula.

wart : (m.) cammakīla; cammagaṇḍa.

warty : (adj.) cammakīlabahula.

wary : (adj.) appamatta; sāvadhāna; satimantu.

warily : (adv.) sāvadhānaṃ.

wariness : (f.) sāvadhānatā; appamāditā.

was : (aor. of is) āsi; ahosi; abhavi; bhavi; ahuvā.

was able : asakkhi; sakkuṇi.

wash : (nt.) dhovana; pakkhālana. (v.t.) dhovati; vikkhaleti. (pp.) dhovita; vikkhālita.

wash away : pavāheti.

wash basin : (f.) dhovanapāti.

washer : (m.) dhovaka.

washerman : (m.) rajaka.

washerwoman : (f.) rajakī.

wash house : (f.) dhovanasālā.

washy : (adj.) virasa; niroja.

wasp : (m.) bhamara.

waspish : (adj.) kodhana; kujjhanasīla.

wassail : (m.) surāchaṇa.

waste : (m.) kantāra; khaya; vaya. (f.) nijjanabhūmi. (nt.) nippayojanavatthujāta. (adj.) hāpeti; khepeti; nāseti; vinipāteti. (v.i.) hāyati; khīyati; vinassati. (pp.) hāpita; khepita; nāsita; vinipātita; hīna; khīṇa; vinaṭṭha.

wasteful : (adj.) vikiraṇasīla.

wastefully : (adv.) vikiraṇākārena.

wastefulness : (f.) asīmitavayatā.

wasteland : (nt.) jaṅgala. (f.) aropitabhūmi.

wasteless : (adj.) akkhaya.

wastepipe : (f.) ucciṭṭhodakapaṇālī.

wastrel : (nt.) dūsitavatthu; dūsitabhaṇḍa. (m.) duppakatikadāraka.

watch : (f.) ārakkhā. (m.) ārakkhaka; yāma. (nt.) ghaṭikayanta. (v.t.) rakkhati; pāleti. (v.i.) sāvadhāno hoti. (pp.) rakkhita; pālita; sāvadhānabhūta.

watcher : (m.) rakkhī-purisa.

watchful : (adj.) appamatta; sāvadhāna.

watchfully : (adv.) sāvadhānaṃ; appamādena.

watchfulness : (f.) gutti. (nt.) sāvadhānatta.

watchhouse : (nt.) rakkhāgāra.

watchmaker : (m.) ghaṭikāsaṅkhāraka.

watchtower : (m.; nt.) ghaṭikāaṭṭhāla.

watchword : (nt.) sañjānāpaka-vacana; āveṇikavacana.

water : (nt.) jala; udaka; vāri; ambu; pānīya; salila; nīra; toya. (v.t.) jalena siñcati; jalaṃ ākirati or vāheti. (pp.) jalasitta; ākiṇṇajala; vāhitajala || free from water: (adj.) vodaka.

water-born : (adj.) vārija; ambuja; jalaja.

water-carrier : (m.) udahārī.

water-clock : (nt.) jalahorāyanta.

watercourse : (f.) jalamātikā.

waterfall : (m.) nijjhara.

water jar : (m.) bhiṅkāra.

waterlily : (nt.) uppala.

waterless : (adj.) nirudaka.

water-melon : (m.) vallibha.

vater-nymp : (f.) jaladevatā.

water-pipe : (f.) udakāyatikā.

water-pool : (nt.) sobbha. (f.) pokkharaṇī.

water-pot : (m.) ghaṭa; udakumbha.

water-shed : (nt.) opāna.

water-snake : (m.) deḍḍubha.

water-sprite : (m.) dakarakkhasa.

water-strainer : (nt.) parissāvana.

water-wheel : (nt.) ghaṭīyanta.

watery : (adj.) jalabahula.

wattle : (f.) sākhābhaṅgavati; kukkuṭagīvolambapesi.

waul : (v.i.) biḷālaravaṃ pavatteti.

wave : (f.) ūmi; vīci. (m.) taraṅga. (v.t.) dhunāti; kampeti. (v.i.) kampati; calati. (pp.) duta; kampita; calita.

waveless : (adj.) ūmirahita.

wavelet : (f.) khuddakavīci.

waver : (v.i.) dolāyati; kaṅkhati. (pp.) dolāyita; kaṅkhita.

wavering : (adj.) kaṅkhamāna; dolāyamāna.

waveringly : (adv.) sasaṃsayaṃ; dveḷhakabhāvena.

wavy : (adj.) saūmika unnatonata.

wax : (nt.) sittha; jatu. (f.) lākhā. (v.t.) sitthena lepeti. (v.i.) vaḍḍhati. (pp.) sitthalitta; vaḍḍhita.

waxen : (adj.) sitthamaya.

wax modelling : (nt.) sitthakata-saṇṭhāna. (f.) sitthākati.

waxy : (adj.) sitthagatika.

way : (m.) magga; patha; pantha; addhā; vidhi; ākāra; upāya. (nt.) añjana; ayana; vaṭuma || in this way: (adv.) itthaṃ; evaṃ; make way: apasarati; on the way: (loc.) antarāmagge; this way: (adv.) ito; wrong way: (m.) kummagga; uppatha.

way farer : (m.) pathika; addhika.

way faring : (adj.) addhānagāmī.

way lay : maggaṃ āvaritvā gaṇhāti; magge nilīyati.

way laying : (nt.) panthadūhana.

way layer : (m.) panthadūkaha.

way worn : (adj.) maggakilanta.

wayward : (adj.) sericārī; avasavattī.

waywardly : (adv.) sericāritāya.

waywardness : (f.) avasavattitā.

we : (pron.; plu.) mayaṃ; amhe.

weak : (adj.) dubbala; khīṇabala; hīnaviriya; (in mind : ) mandabuddhika.

weaken : (v.t.) dubbalīkaroti. (pp.) dubbalīkata.

weakling : (m.) dubbalapuggala.

weakly : (adj.) balahīna; mandaviriya.

weakness : (nt.) dubbalaya; asāmatthiya.

weak point : (nt.) randha; dubbalaṭṭhāna.

weal : (nt.) kalyāṇa; subha.

wealth : (nt.) dhana; vitta; sāpateyya. (m.) vibhava. (f.) sampatti.

wealthiness : (nt.) sadhanatta.

wealthy : (adj.) sadhana; mahaddhana.

greedy of wealth : (adj.) dhanalola.

wean : (m.) bālaka. (v.t.) thaññaṃ vajjetuṃ sikkhāpeti.

weaning : (nt.) thaññavajjana.

wear : (m.) khaya; vaya. (nt.) paridahana; nivāsana; vatthajāta. (v.t.) paridahati; nivāseti; acchādeti; khepeti. (v.i.) khīyati. (pp.) paridahita; nivāsita; acchādita; khepita; khīṇa.

wearable : (adj.) acchādanāraha.

wearer : (m.) acchādetu.

wearing : (nt.) 1. acchādana; 2. khīyana. (adj.) vihesakara.

weary : (adj.) 1. kilanta; parissanta; 2. nibbinna. (v.t.) viheseti; kilameti; āyāseti. (v.i.) kilamati. (pp.) vihesita; kilamita; āyāsita; kilanta.

weariness : (m.) kilamatha.

wearisome : (adj.) āyāsakara; vehesājanaka.

wearisomeness : (nt.) āyāsakaratta.

weasand : (m.) kaṇṭhanāḷi; sāsaṇāla.

weasel : (m.) dīghaloma-nakulavisesa.

weather : (m.) kālaguṇa; utu || bad weather: (nt.) duddina; good weather: (m.) susamaya.

weather beater : (adj.) 1. vātāhata; vātavuṭṭhipīḷita; 2. laddhaparicaya.

weather gage : (f.) vātavāyanadisā.

weather gauge : (f.) vātavāyanadisā.

weather glass : (m.) vāyumāṇaka.

weave : (nt.) vāyana. (v.t.) vināti. (pp.) vīta.

weaver : (m.) tantavāya; pesakāra.

weaving : (nt.) vāyana; ganthana.

web : (nt.) jāla.

web footed : (adj.) jālapāda.

wed : (v.t.) pāṇiggahaṃ or pariṇayaṃ karoti. (pp.) katapariṇaya.

wedded : (adj.) gharabandhanabaddha.

wedding : (nt.) pāṇiggaha; gharabandhana.

wedge : (m.) kīla; khīlaka. (v.t.) khīlaṃ yojeti. (pp.) yojitakhīla.

Wednesday : (m.) budhavāra.

wee : (adj.) atyappaka; atikhuddaka.

weed : (f.) tiṇajāti. (v.t.) niḍḍeti; nipphalatiṇaṃ uddharati. (pp.) niḍḍita; uddhaṭanipphalatiṇa.

week : (nt.) sattāha; sattaratta.

weekly : (adj.) sattāhika. (adv.) paṭisattāhaṃ.

ween : (v.t.) maññati. (pp.) maññita.

weep : (v.i.t.) kandati; paridevati; vilapati. (pp.) kandita; paridevita; vilapita.

weeping : (nt.) paridevana; vilapana.

weeper : (m.) paridevaka.

weevil : (m.) dhaññanāsakakīṭa.

weft : (m.) vāyane tirotanturāsi.

weigh : (v.t.) 1. tuleti; miṇāti; 2. vīmaṃsati. (pp.) tulita; mita; vīmaṃsita.

weighing : (nt.) tulana.

weigher : (m.) tuletu.

weight : (m.) bhāra. (nt.) garutta || false weight: (nt.) tulākūṭa.

weightily : (adv.) bhāriyākārena.

weighty : (adj.) bhāriya; bhārayutta.

weightiness : (nt.) bhāriyatta.

weightless : (adj.) appabhāra.

weir : (adj.) amānusika. (nt.) gūḷha. (f.) niyati.

welcome : (nt.) abhinandana. (m.) svāgatavāda. (adj.) subha; maṅgala; iṭṭha. (intj.) svāgataṃ ! subhāgamanaṃ ! (v.t.) abhinandati; sampaṭicchati; sammāneti. (pp.) abhinandita; sampaṭicchita; sammānita.

weld : (v.t.) tāpetvā ghaṭeti or saṃyojeti. (pp.) tāpetvā ghaṭita; saṃyojita.

welder : (m.) laohasandhānaka.

welfare : (m.) attha. (nt.) hita. (f.) subhasiddhi.

welfare of others : (nt.) parahita.

welkin : (m.) ākāsa; nabha.

well : (m.) kūpa; udapāna; udakūpa. (adj.) anāmaya; niroga. (adv.) suṭṭhu; sammā; sādhukaṃ. (intj.) sādhu! sādhu!

well arranged : (adj.) susaṃvihita; sannihita; suyutta.

well-born : (adj.) abhijāta.

well-bred : (adj.) susikkhita.

well-built : (adj.) sukata; sumāpita.

well-conducted : (adj.) suppaṭipanna.

well-decked : (adj.) samalaṅkata.

well-done : (adj.) sukata; suniṭṭhita.

well-doing : (nt.) hitakaraṇa.

well-doer : (m.) kitakārī.

well-disposed : (adj.) hitakāma; hitesī.

well-favoured : (adj.) cārudassana.

well-fed : (adj.) suṭṭhuposita.

well-founded : (adj.) suppatiṭṭhita.

well-formed : (adj.) sughaṭita; suracita.

well-known : (adj.) pākaṭa; abhiññāta; vissuta.

well-made : (adj.) susādhita; susaṇṭhāna.

well-meant : (adj.) suparikappita.

well-nigh : (adv.) kevalakappaṃ; manaṃ.

well-painted : (adj.) sucittita; vaṇṇālitta.

well-practised : (adj.) suparicita; subhāvita.

well-restrained : (adj.) suññata.

well rid of : (adj.) sumutta.

well then : (ind.) handa.

well-to-do : (adj.) samiddha; sukhita.

well-touched : (adj.) suphassita.

well-versed : (adj.) bahussuta.

well-wisher : (m.) subhāsaṃsī.

well-wishing : (adj.) atthakāma; hitakāma.

welter : (m.) gottakalaha; pakkhantaravirodha. (v.i.) kalalādisu parivaṭṭati. (pp.) kalalādisu parivaṭṭita.

wen : (m.) maṃsagaṇṭhi; vayugaṇḍa.

wench : (f.) 1. yuvatī; taruṇī; 2. gaṇikā.

wend : see go.

west : (f.) pacchimā; patīci. (adv.) pacchimena.

western : (adj.) pacchima; apācīna.

westerly : (adj.) pacchima; apācīna.

westerner : (m.) pacchimadisāvāsī.

western-most : (adj.) atipacchimaka.

westwards : (adv.) pacchimābhimukhaṃ.

wet : (adj.) alla; tinta; temita; kilinna. (f.) allatā. (v.t.) temeti; kiledeti. (pp.) temita; kiledita.

wetness : (nt.) tintatta.

whack : (nt.) daḷhapothana. (v.t.) daḷhaṃ potheti. (pp.) daḷhaṃ pothita.

whacker : (m.) mahattara-puggla. (nt.) mahattara-vatthu. (f.) mahattara-musā.

whale : (m.) timiṅgala.

wharf : (nt.) nāvotaraṇaṭṭhāna. (m.) nāvāsetu. (v.t.) 1. nāvaṃ setum upaneti; 2. nāvābhaṇḍaṃ setumhi nidahati.

wharfage : (nt.) bhaṇḍanidahanamūla.

what : (pron.) 1. kiṃ, 2. ya, 3. kittaka.

whatever : (adj.) yaṃ kiñci; yādi-saka.

what sort of : (adj.) kathaṃvidha.

wheat : (m.) godhuma.

wheedle : (v.t.) cāṭukamyatāya upalāleti. (pp.) cāṭukamyatāya upalālita.

wheedler : (m.) cāṭukāmī.

wheedlingly : (adv.) cāṭukamyatāya.

wheel : (nt.) cakka. (v.t.) āvaṭṭeti; paribbhameti. (v.i.) āvaṭṭati; paribbhamati. (pp.) āvaṭṭita; paribbhamita; paribbhanta.

wheelbarrow : (m.) hatthasakaṭa.

wheeled : (adj.) cakkayutta.

wheelwright : (m.) cakkakāra.

wheelly : (adj.) cakkasadisa.

wheeze : (v.i.) sasaddaṃ passasati. (m.) sasanasadda.

whelk : (f.) kapolapiḷakā.

whelm : (v.t.) ajjhottharati; osīdāpeti. (pp.) ajjhotthaṭa; osīdāpita.

whelp : (m.) pasupotaka.

when : (adv.) kadā?

whenever : (ind.) yādā.

whence : (adv.) kuto? yato.

where : (adv.) kuhiṃ; kutra; kuttha; kattha; kahaṃ; kva. (conj.) yatra; yattha, yahiṃ.

wherever : yattha; yatha katthaci.

whereabouts : (adv.) kasmiṃ ṭhāne. (nt.) patiṭṭhitaṭṭhāna; vasanaṭṭhāna.

whereas : (conj.) yasmā; yato; tathā pi.

where at : (adv.) tadā.

whereby : (adv.) tena; tena hetunā; tasmā.

wherefor : (adv.) kimatthaṃ?

wherefore : (adv.) kissa hetu?

wherein : (adv.) yatra.

whereof : kiṃ sandhāya.

whereupon : (adv.) tato; taṅkhaṇa; tena hetunā.

wherewithal : (m.) āvassaka-dhanādi.

whet : (nt.) 1. nisāṇana; 2. uddīpana. (v.t.) niseti; tejeti; tikhiṇayati. (pp.) nisita; tejita; tikhiṇayita.

whetstone : (m.) nikasa, sāṇa.

whether : (adv.) kacci; kinti; udavā; adāhu.

whey : (nt.) dadhimaṇḍa.

which : (pron.) (relative : ) (3.) ya; (interrogative : ) (3.) ka (=kiṃ).

which of the two : (adj.) katara.

which of the many : (adj.) katama.

whichever : (adj.) yaṃ kiñci.

while : (m.) samaya; kāla; khaṇa. (conj.; adv.) yāva...tāva; tasmiṃ antare. (v.t.) (away : ) khepeti; vītināmeti || after a long while: cirena; dīghena addhunā; for a while: (adv.) kiñci kālaṃ.

worthwhile : (adj.) sātthaka; agghanaka.

whilst : (conj.) tāva.

whim : (nt.) cāpalla; matimatta. (m.) sericāra.

whimsical : (adj.) capala; sericārī.

whimsically : (adv.) sericārena; anavaṭṭhitatāya.

whimper : (m.) aṭṭitarāva. (v.t.i.) aṭṭitassaraṃ pavatteti. (pp.) pavattitaṭṭitassara.

whine : (nt.) anutthunana. (v.i.) anutthunāti. (pp.) anutthunita; anutthuta.

whinny : (m.) hesārava. (v.i.) hesāravaṃ pavatteti.

whip : (f.) kasā. (v.t.) kasāya tāḷeti. (pp.) kasāya tāḷita.

whipper : (m.) kasāhanaka.

whipping : (nt.) kasāhanana.

whip-round : sīhaṃ parivatta.

whipstock : (m.) kasādaṇḍa.

whirl : (m.) paribbhama; āvaṭṭa. (v.t.) paribbhameti; āvaṭṭeti. (v.i.) āvaṭṭati; paribbhamati. (pp.) paribbhamita; āvaṭṭita; paribbhanta.

whirligig : (nt.) bhamanaka; bhamaraka.

whirlpool : (m.) salilabbhama.

whirlwind : (f.) vātamaṇḍalikā.

whisht : (intj.) tuṇhī; nissaddā hotha.

whist : (intj.) tuṇhī; nissaddā hotha.

whisk : (m.) cāmara. (f.) vījanī; makkhikāvāraṇī. (v.t.) 1. vījeti; vidhūpeti; 2. sīghaṃ puñchati. (pp.) vījita; vidhūpita; sīghaṃ puñchita.

whisker : (nt.) kapolamassu. (f.) dāṭhikā.

whisky : (f.) dhaññasurā.

whisper : (nt.) nikaṇṇikajappana. (v.i.) upajappati. (pp.) upajappita.

whisperer : (m.) kaṇṇajappaka.

whispering : (nt.) upajappana.

whisperingly : (adv.) kaṇṇajappanavasena.

whistle : (m.) mukhakāhalanāda; kahala. (v.i.t.) mukhakāhalaṃ pavatteti.

whit : (nt.) bindumatta; atyappaka.

white : (adj.) seta; dhavala; odāta; sukka; paṇḍara. (m.) setavaṇṇa; aṇḍassa setabhāga. (nt.) setanivāsana.

whiten : (v.t.) dhavalīkaroti. (v.i.) dhavalībhavati. (pp.) dhavalīkata; dhavalībhūta.

white ant : (f.) upacikā.

white bear : (m.) setaccha.

white bearded : (adj.) palitamassuka.

white elephant : (m.) sethahatthī. (nt.) niratthaka-vayakāraṇa.

white livered : (adj.) bhīruka.

whiteness : (nt.) dhavalatta.

white paper : (nt.) rājāṇādīpaka-paṇṇa.

white scab : (nt.) saṅkhakuṭṭha.

white wash : (v.t.) sudhāya lepeti.

white washer : (m.) sudhālepaka.

whither : see where.

whitish : (adj.) īsaṃpaṇḍara.

whitlow : (m.) nakhagaṇḍa.

whittle : (v.t.) 1. tikhiṇayati; 2. anukkamena khepeti.

who : (pron.; m. sing.) ko? whom, kaṃ? whose, kassa?

whoever : yo koci.

whom : kaṃ?

whose : kassa?

whole : (adj.) sakala; nikhila; kevala; asesa; nissesa; sabba.

wholehearted : (adj.) anaññavihita.

wholeness : (nt.) sākalla.

wholly : (adv.) asesaṃ; nissesaṃ; sabbaso.

wholesale : (m.) rāsivikkaya.

wholesome : sappāyabhūta.

wholesomeness : (f.) sappāyatā.

whoop : (m.) ukkuṭṭhi; jayaghosa. (v.t.) ugghosena niggaṇhāti. (v.i.) ugghoseti. (pp.) ugghosena niggahita; ugghosita.

whop : (v.t.) tāḷeti; parājeti. (pp.) tāḷita; parājita. (nt.) sahasā patana.

whopping : (nt.) atimahanta-vatthu.

whore : (f.) gaṇikā. (v.i.) kamamicchācāram ācarati.

whore monger : (m.) gaṇikāvallabha.

why : (adv.) kasmā? kena? nanu. (nt.) nimitta; kāraṇa. (m.) hetu.

wick : (f.) dīpavaṭṭi.

wicked : (adj.) duṭṭha; khala; adhammika.

wickedly : (adv.) duṭṭhākārena.

wicked man : (m.) narādhama; asappurisa.

wickedness : (nt.) duṭṭhatta; kakkhaḷatta.

wicker : (adj.) bidalamaya; veḷupesikāmaya.

wickerwork : (nt.) vilīvakamma.

wide : (adj.) vitthata; vitthiṇṇa; puthula; patthaṭa.

widen : (v.t.) puthulīkaroti.

widely : (adv.) vitthiṇṇākārena.

widespread : (adj.) puthubhūta; vitthārika.

widow : (f.) vidhavā.

widower : (m.) matabhariya.

widowhood : (nt.) vidhavatta.

width : (m.) vitthāra.

wield : (v.t.) 1. vase vatteti; 2. pavatteti; 3. vijambheti. (pp.) vase vattita; pavattita; vijambhita.

wield the sceptre : rajjaṃ kāreti.

wieldy : (adj.) suparihāriya.

wife : (f.) bhariyā; jāya; dutiyikā; pajāpatī. (nt.) kalatta. (m.) dāra.

wife and husband : (m.; plu.) jāyāpatī; jānipatī; jayampatī.

wifehood : (nt.) jāyatta.

wifely : (adj.) bhariyocita.

wig : (m.) kittimakesakalāpa. (v.t.) daḷham akkosati. (pp.) daḷham akkuṭṭha.

wigging : (nt.) akkosana.

wild : (adj.) 1. vanaja; āraññaka; 2. vāla; caṇḍa; adanta; 3. vyākulacitta.

wild-boar : (m.) vanavarāha.

wildcat : (m.) vanabiḷāra.

wild-goose chase : (m.) niratthakavyāpāra.

wildly : (adv.) adantākārena.

wildness : (nt.) 1. vanajatta; 2. adantatta.

grow wild : vane jāyati.

wilderness : (m.) nijjanapadesa; kantāra. (nt.) arañña.

wile : (nt.) sāṭheyya; ketava. (v.t.) palobheti; palambheti; vañceti. (pp.) palobhita; palambhita; vañcita.

wily : (adj.) saṭha; kūṭa.

wilful : (adj.) sacetanika; secchāya kata; dovacassatāya; seritaya.

wilfulness : (f.) yathākāmacāritā.

will : (m.) chanda; saṅkappa; abhilāsa. (f.) icchā. (nt.) accayadānapaṇṇa. (v.t. and aux.) icchati; abhilasati; ceteti. (pp.) icchita; abhilasita; cetita.

willing : (adj.) icchamāna; kattukāmatā.

willingly : (adv.) sakecchāya.

willingness : (f.) kāmitā; kattukāmatā.

will-power : (nt.) cittabala; adhiṭṭhānabala.

at will : (adv.) yathākāmaṃ.

with a will : (adv.) mahussāhena.

willy-nilly : (adj.) akatanicchaya; dveḷhakajāta. (adv.) icchante vā anicchante vā.

wimble : (m.) ārāhattha. (f.) vedhanī.

win : (m.) jaya; vijaya; kaṭaggāha. (v.t.i.) jināti; parājet; abhibhavati. (pp.) jita; parājita; abhibhūta.

win favour : ārādheti.

winner : (m.) jetu; kaṭaggāhī.

winning : (adj.) jayaggāhī.

winsome : (adj.) manohara.

wince : (nt.) aṭṭīyana; vedanāya kampana. (v.i.) vedanāya aṭṭīyati.

wind : (m.) vāta; vāyu; anila; māruta; māluta; pavana; samīraṇa. (m.; nt.) vāya; vellitavatthu; veṭhana. (v.t.) 1. (kāhalādiṃ) dhameti; 2. vāyunā pūreti; 3. vāyati. (pp.) damita or dhanta; vāyunā pūrita; vāyita. (v.t.) āvaṭṭeti; āvelleti. (pp.) āvaṭṭita; āvellita.

windbag : (m.) jappanabahula; vācala.

windfall : (nt.) vātavāyana. (m.) anapekkhitalābha.

wind gauge : (nt.) vāyuvegamāṇaka.

wind hover : (m.) seṇa.

windlass : (nt.) bhārussāpakayanta.

windless : (adj.) nivāta.

windmill : (nt.) vāyucālitayanta.

windpipe : (m.) kaṇṭhanāḷa.

windswept : (adj.) vātāhaṭa.

windward : (f.) vātavāyanadisā. (adj.) vātānugata. (adv.) vātābhimukhaṃ.

windy : (adj.) savāta; vātabbahula.

winding : (adj.) vaṅkabahula. (nt.) āvellana.

window : (nt.) vātapāna; kavāṭa. (m.) ālokasandhi.

window blind : (f.) vātapānatirokaraṇī.

wine : (m.) muddikāsava.

winebibber : (m.) surādhutta.

wing : (nt.) pakkha; patta; (of and army : ) senadala. (m.) senāvibhāga. (v.t.) uḍḍeti; pakkhe kampeti. (pp.) uḍḍita; kampitapakkha.

wink : (v.i.) nimisati; nimīleti. (pp.) nimīlita. (m.) nimesa. (f.) nimesasaññā.

winkle : (m.) sambukavisesa.

winnow : (v.t.) opuṇāti; vidhūpeti; papphoṭeti. (pp.) opuṇīta; vidhūpita; papphoṭita.

winnowing : (nt.) opuṇana.

winnowing basket : (m.) suppa.

winter : (m.) hemanta. (nt.) sisira. (v.i.t.) hemantaṃ khepeti; hemante (gavādiṃ) poseti.

winterless : (adj.) hemantarahita.

winterly : (adj.) hemantika; sītavātabahula.

wintry : (adj.) hemantika; sītavātabahula.

wipe : (v.t.) puñchati; parimajjati. (pp.) puñchita; parimaṭṭha.

wiper : (f.) puñchanī.

wipe off : lopeti; vināseti; ummūleti.

wipe out : lopeti; vināseti; ummūleti.

wiping : (nt.) puñchana. (m.) lopa.

wire : (m.) lohatantu. (v.t.) 1. lohatantavo yojeti; 2. tantusāsanaṃ peseti. (pp.) yojitalohatantū; pesitantusasana.

wireless : (adj.) tanturahita; vijjubalapesita.

wireless message : (nt.) vijjuvegasāsana.

wire puller : (m.) rahasipalobhaka.

wiry : (adj.) 1. lohatantusadisa; 2. kisa-thāmavantu.

wisdom : (f.) paññā; mati; buddhi; medhā; dhī. (nt.) ñāṇa. (m.) amoha.

wise : (m.) ākāra; vesa. (adj.) paññāvantu; dhīmantu; matimantu; medhāvī; viññū; vidū; sappañña; buddhimantu.

wiseacre : (m.) paṇḍitamānī.

wisely : (adv.) sampajaññena; yoniso.

wise man : (m.) paṇḍita; vibudha; vibhāvī; dhīra.

in this wise : iminā ākārena.

wish : (f.) iccha; āsā; ākaṅkhā; āsaṃsā; ruci. (m.) chanda; manoratha; abhilāsa. (v.t.i.) icchati; abhilasati; ākaṅkhati; apekkhati; pattheti. (pp.) icchita; abhilasita; ākaṅkhita; apekkhita; patthita.

wishing : (adj.) ākaṅkhī; apekkhī.

wisher : (m.) icchitu; abhilasitu.

wishfully : (adv.) sābhilāsaṃ; sākaṅkhaṃ.

wishfulfilling tree : (m.) kapparukkha.

wishfulfilling gem : (m.) cintāmaṇī.

wistful : (adj.) 1. accākaṅkhamāna; 2. cintāpara; alābhena ukkaṇṭhita.

wistfully : (adv.) accantāpekkhāya.

wit : (nt.) paṭibhāṇa; parihāsasāmatthiya. (f.) tikhiṇabuddhi.

witless : (adj.) appaṭibhāna.

witch : (f.) māyākārī; mohinī. (v.t.) pamoheti. (pp.) pamohita.

witchcraft : (f.) māyā. (nt.) indajāla.

witchery : (f.) indajālavijjā.

witchingly : (adv.) mohanākārena.

with : (prep.) saha; saddhiṃ. (very often expressed by the instrumental : ) purisena, with the man.

with reference to : (ind.) uddissa; upādāya; sandhāya.

withal : (adv.) aparañ ca; api ca.

withdraw : (v.t.) 1. apakaḍḍhati; paṭisaṃharati; 2. paccosakkati. (pp.) apakaḍḍhita; paṭisaṃhaṭa; paccosakkita.

withdrawal : (nt.) apakaḍḍhana; apanayana; paccosakkana. (m.) uddhāra.

wither : (v.i.) sussati; milāyati. (pp.) sukkha; milāta. (v.t.) soseti; milāyāpeti. (pp.) sosita; milāpita.

withhold : (v.t.) orumbheti; nirumbheti; nivatteti. (pp.) orumbhita; nirumbhita; nivattita.

within : (adv.; prep.) anto; abbhantare. (m.) antobhāga. (nt.) abbhantara.

within the limits : oraṃ; orena.

within six months : orena chammāsaṃ.

without : (adv.) bahi; bahiddhā. (prep.) vinā; aññatra.

without doubt : (adv.) nissaṃsavaṃ.

without lying : (adj.) bahiṭṭhita.

withstand : (v.t.i.) paṭivirujjhati; paccavaṭṭhāti. (pp.) paṭiviruddha; paccavaṭṭhita.

withstander : (m.) paṭivirodhī.

witness : (m.) sakkhika; apadisa. (v.t.) 1. paccakkhaṃ karoti; 2. sakkhinā samatthayati. (v.i.) sakkhī bhavati. (pp.) paccakkhaṃ kata; sakkhinā samatthayita; sakkhī bhūta.

witness box : (m.) sakkhipañjara. || eye witness: (m.) diṭthasakkhī.

witty : (adj.) nammālāpī; parihāsakusala.

witticism : (nt.) nammālāpakathana.

wittily : (adv.) parihāsacaturiyena.

wittingly : (adv.) jānantova.

wive : (v.t.) dārapariggahaṃ karoti. (pp.) katadārapariggaha.

wizard : (m.) māyākāra; bhūtavejja.

wizardry : (nt.) indajāla.

wizen : (adj.) 1. valittaca; 2. kisadassana.

wizened : (adj.) 1. valittaca; 2. kisadassana.

woad : (f.) nīlī.

wobble : (nt.) dolāyana. (v.i.) dolāyati; pakampati.

wobbler : (m.) dveḷhakajāta; kampamānavāca.

woe : (nt.) dukkha; dubbhāgya. (m.) kheda. (f.) vipatti.

woeful : (adj.) sokāvaha; dukkhakara.

woefully : (adv.) khedakaratāya; sadukkhaṃ.

wold : (f.) akaṭṭhabhūmi.

wolf : (m.) vaka; koka. (v.t.) giddhatāya bhuñjati.

wolfish : (adj.) 1. kokasadisa; 2. vilumpaka; 3. atigiddha.

wolfishly : (adv.) atigiddhātāya.

wolfishness : (nt.) 1. dāruṇatta; 2. giddhatta.

woman : (f.) itthī; nārī; vanitā; aṅganā; thī; mahilā; abalā. (m.) mātugāma.

womanhood : (m.) itthibhāva.

womanish : (adj.) itthisadisa.

womankind : (m.) itthigaṇa.

womanly : (adj.) vanitānucchavika; itthiyogga.

womb : (m.) gabbhāsaya.

wonder : (m.) vimhaya. (nt.) acchariya; abbhuta. (v.i.) vimhayam āpajjati. (pp.) āpannavimhaya.

wonderful : (adj.) savimhaya; abbhutajanaka.

wondrous : (adj.) savimhaya; abbhutajanaka.

wonderfully : (adv.) abbhutākārena.

wonderingly : (adv.) savimhayaṃ.

wont : (m.) paricaya; satatavohāra. (adj.) paricayagata. (v.; aux.) paricito hoti.

wonted : (adj.) paricita.

wonted nature : (f.) pakati. (m.) paricitākāra.

woo : (v.t.) vivāhāya abhilasati; pemaṃ pakāseti. (pp.) vivāhāya abhilasita; pakāsitapema.

wooer : (m.) vivāhatthī.

wood : (nt.) arañña; vana; kaṭṭha; dāru. (f.) aṭavi.

wood-apple : (m.) kapittha.

woodcutter : (m.) kaṭṭhacchedaka.

wooden : (adj.) dārumaya.

woodland : (m.) rukkha-gahaṇa-padesa.

woodless : (adj.) vanarahita.

wood nymph : (f.) vanadevatā.

woodpecker : (m.) sārasa; satapatta.

wood-reeve : (m.) aṭavipalaka.

woodsman : (m.) vanavāsī.

woodwork : (nt.) dārukamma. (f.) kaṭṭharacanā.

woody : (adj.) vanabahula; araññagatika.

woof : (nt.) vāyane tirogatasuttajāta.

wool : (f.) uṇṇā.

wool-gathering : (adj.) anavaṭṭhitacitta.

woollen : (adj.) uṇṇāmaya. (nt.) uṇṇāvattha; kambala.

wool draper : (m.) kambalavāṇija.

woolliness : (f.) lamabahulatā.

woolly : (adj.) lomabahula.

word : (f.) vācā; girā; vāṇī. (nt.) vacana; bhāsita; pad (m.) ālāpa. (v.t.) padāni gantheti or racayati.

wordiness : (nt.) racanāvilāsa.

wordy : (adj.) padabahula; vācābahula.

work : (nt.) kamma; kicca; (m.) vyāpāra; kammanta. (f.) racanā. (v.t.) vidahati; nimmiṇāti; nipphādeti. (v.i.) kiccaṃ karoti; vyāpāram āpajjati. (pp.) vilita; nimmita; nipphādita; katakicca; vyāpāramāpanna.

workable : (adj.) payojiya; kammañña; sukara.

worker : (m.) kammakāra.

worker in bamboo : (m.) vilīvakāra.

working : (nt.) kammakaraṇa. (m.) katākāra. (adj.) kiccappayutta; kiccappayogāraha.

working class : (f.) kammakārajanatā.

workmanship : (nt.) kammakosalla.

work on : balaṃ pavatteti.

work upon : balaṃ pavatteti.

work out : gaṇanaṃ saṅkaleti; nibbeṭheti; avassakāraṇāni vijānāti.

workshop : (nt.) āvesana. (f.) sippasālā.

world : (m.) loka. (f.) jagati. (nt.) bhuvana.

world beyond : (m.) paraloka.

world circle : (m.) cakkavāḷa.

worldliness : (nt.) lokiyatta. (f.) visayāsatti.

worldling : (m.) visayāsatta; puthujjana.

worldly : (adj.) lokayatta; ihalokika.

world of desire : (m.) kamaloka.

world of the dead : (m.) yamaloka.

world system : (f.) lokadhātu.

world-wide : (adj.) lokavitthata.

worm : (m.) kimi; kīṭa; pulavaka.

worm eaten : (adj.) kimikhādita.

wormy : (adj.) kimibahula.

worn : (adj.) 1. khīṇa; jiṇṇa; 2. nivattha.

worry : (f.) vihesā; paritassanā. (v.t.) 1. āyāseti; pīḷeti; 2. (sunakho viya nantakaṃ) ḍasitvā vikirati. (v.i.) paritappati. (pp.) āyāsita; pīḷita; ḍasitvā vikirita; paritappita.

worrying : (adj.) hiṃsaka; vihesājanaka.

worse : (adj.) duṭṭhutara; atinikuṭṭha. (adv.) duṭṭhutaraṃ; nikiṭṭhākārena.

worship : (m.) paṇāma; namakkāra. (f.) vandanā; pūjanā. (v.t.) vandati; namassati; abhivādeti; paṇamati; mahati; pūjeti. (pp.) vandita; namassita; abhivādita; paṇamita; mahita; pūjita.

worshipful : (adj.) vandanīya; mahanīya.

worshipfully : (adv.) atigāravena.

worshipper : (m.) namassaka; vandaka; apacāyī; pūjetu.

worst : (f.) duṭthutamāvatthā. (adj.) asādhutama; duṭṭhutama. (v.t.) parājeti; abhibhavati. (pp.) parājita; abhibhūta.

worth : (nt.) aggha; mūlya. (adj.) agghanaka.

worthily : (adv.) yathārahaṃ; yathocitaṃ.

worthiness : (nt.) ocitya; anucchavikatta.

worthless : (adj.) appaggha; aggharahita.

worthlessness : (nt.) niragghatta; appagghatta.

worthy : (adj.) yogga; araha; ucita; mānanīya.

worthy for a monk : (adj.) sāmaṇaka.

worthy of an offering : (adj.) dakkhiṇeyya.

worth while : (adj.) āyāsagghanaka.

wound : (m.) vaṇa; aru. (nt.) khata. (f.) avaññā. (v.t.) 1. vaṇeti; tudati; 2. hiṃsati. (pp.) vaṇita; tunna; hiṃsita.

wrangle : (m.) kalaha. (nt.) bhaṇḍana. (v.i.) bhaṇḍanaṃ karoti. (pp.) katabhaṇḍana.

wrangler : (m.) bhaṇḍanakārī.

wrap : (nt.) pāpuraṇa. (v.t.) veṭheti; oguṇṭheti; onahati. (pp.) veṭhita; oguṇṭhita; onaddha.

wrap in : pārupati.

wrapper : (nt.) bāhirāvaraṇa; paḷivaṭhaka.

wrapping : (nt.) veṭhana; oguṇṭhana, pārupana.

wrath : (m.) balavakopa; rosa; appaccaya.

wrathful : (adj.) kopāviṭṭha.

wrathfully : (adv.) sakopaṃ; kopāvitṭhatāya.

wreak : (v.t.) veraṃ paṭisādheti. (pp.) paṭisādhetivera.

wreath : (m.) dāma; hāra; mālādāma. (f.) pupphāvali.

wreathe : (v.t.) 1. gantheti; 2. mālādāmaṃ pilandheti; 3. āliṅgati. (pp.) ganthita; pilandhitamālāma; āliṅgita.

wreck : (m.) nāvābhaṅga; vinaṭṭhabala; vinaṭṭhayasa. (v.i.) bhijjati; vinassati. (v.t.) bhañjati; vināseti. (pp.) bhinna; vinaṭṭha; bhaṭṭha; vināsita.

wreckage : (m.) bhinnanāvā-vasena.

wrench : (nt.) pasayhākaḍḍhana; viyogadukkha. (m.) āvaṭṭanīsaṇḍāsa. (v.t.) āvaṭṭetvā ākaḍḍhati; ākaḍḍhitvā chindati; saṇḍāsena āvaṭṭeti. (pp.) āvaṭṭetvā ākaḍḍhita; ākaḍḍhitvā chinna; saṇḍāsena āvaṭṭita.

wrest : (v.t.) pasayha gaṇhāti or avaharati. (pp.) pasayha gahita or avahaṭa.

wrestle : (nt.) mallayuddha. (v.i.t.) mallayuddhaṃ karoti.

wrestler : (m.) muṭṭhimalla.

wrestling : (nt.) mallayuddha.

wretch : (m.) alakkhika; dubbhaga; nissirīka.

wretched : (adj.) mandabhāgaya; atidukkhita.

wretchedly : (adv.) dīnākārena.

wretchness : (nt.) dīnatta; dāḷiddiya; dobhagga.

wriggle : (nt.) saṃsappana; vyāvaṭṭana. (v.i.) saṃsappati; vyāvaṭṭati. (pp.) saṃsappita; vyāvaṭṭita.

wright : (m.) kārī; nimmāpaka; sampādetu.

wring : (v.t.) gāḷhaṃ vyāvaṭṭeti or sampīḷeti. (v.i.) paripphandati. (pp.) gāḷhaṃ vyāvaṭṭita or sampīḷita; paripphandita.

wringer : (nt.) sampīḷakayanta.

wrinkle : (f.) vali. (m.) bhaṅga. (v.i.) ākuñcati; valiṃ gaṇhāti. (v.t.) ākuñceti; valiṃ gāheti. (pp.) ākuñcita; valiggahita; valiggāhita.

wrist : (m.) maṇibandha.

wristlet : (nt.) hatthavalaya.

write : (v.t.i.) likhati; racayati. (pp.) likhita; racita.

writer : (m.) 1. lipikāra; lekhaka; 2. ganthasampādaka.

writing : (nt.) lekana; likhana. (f.) lipi.

writhe : (nt.) vipphandana. (v.i.t.) vipphandati; visappati. (pp.) vipphandita; visappita.

wrong : (m.) dosa; aññāya; adhamma; apakāra; pamāda; bhama. (nt.) vajja. (adj.) ayogga; sadosa; anucita; sāvajja; asuddha; khalita; dūsita. (v.t.) apakaroti; aparajjhati. (pp.) apakata; aparaddha.

wrong action : (f.) duppaṭipatti.

wrong doer : (m.) apakārī; aparādhī.

wrongful : (adj.) adhammika; sāvajja.

wrongfully : (adv.) sāvajjākārena; adhammena.

wrongly : (adv.) ayathā; micchā; viparītena.

wrong means : (m.) anupāya; adhamma.

wrong view : (f.) duddiṭṭhi; kumati. (nt.) dummata.

wroth : (adj.) atikuddha.

wrought : (pp. of work) kata; nimmita; sādhita; nipphādita.

wry : (adj.) āvaṭṭita.

wrynecked : (adj.) vaṅkagīva.

wryness : (nt.) vaṅkatta; jimhatta.

-ooOoo-
A     B     C     D     E     F
G     H     I     J     K     L
M     N     O     P     Q     R
S     T     U     V     W     X,Y,Z

Contents | Top of Page

Pali-Viet Dictionary | Pali-English Dictionary | English Index
last updated: 25-05-2003


//----------------------------------------------------------


Main Page

Using Unicode VU-Times font




English-Pali Dictionary
by Metta Net, Sri Lanka





- X -

xanthic : (adj.) pītavaṇṇa; īsaṃpītaka.

xantippe : (f.) vadhakabhariyā.

xenial : (adj.) atithisakkārāyatta.

xenodochy : (f.) āgantakasālā.

xylography : (nt.) dārukkiraṇasippa.

xylophagous : (adj.) dārukhādaka.

xyster : (m.) aṭṭhinimmajjkasattha.

- Y-

yacht : (f.) kīḷānāvā. (v.i.) kīḷānāvāya ramati.

yahoo : (m.) manussatiracchāna.

yahveh : (m.) lokamāpaka.

yak : (m.) camarī.

yam : (m.) āluva; kanda.

yank : (nt.) sīghākaḍḍhana. (v.t.) sīgham ākaḍḍhati. (pp.) sīgham ākaḍḍhita.

yap : (m.) bhuṅkāra. (v.i.) bhuṅkaroti. (pp.) bhuṅkata.

yard : (nt.) aṅgaṇa; ājīra; dviratana. (v.t.) gāvo aṅgaṇaṃ paveseti.

yard of a mast : (f.) kūpayaṭṭhi.

yard stick : (m.) māṇadaṇḍa.

yarn : (nt.) vatthasutta. (m.) pariyaṭaka-vuttanta. (v.i.) vuttantaṃ katheti.

yaw : (nt.) nāvāya uppathagamana. (v.i.) uppathaṃ yāti. (pp.) uppathaṃ yāta.

yawn : (f.) vijambhikā. (nt.) jambhana. (v.i.) vijambhati. (pp.) vijambhita.

yea : (adv.) āma; evaṃ. (f.) sampaṭicchanā; anumodanā.

yean : (v.i.t.) potake vijāyati. (pp.) vijātapotakā.

yeanling : (m.) mesapotaka; ajapotaka.

year : (m.; nt.) vassa; saṃvacchara. (m.) hāyana. || current year : (nt.) vattamānavassa; last year : (nt.) gatavassa; next year : (nt.) āgāmivassa.

year after year : (adv.) anuvassaṃ.

yearling : (m.) ekavassika.

yearly : (adj.) anuvassika; anusaṃvaccharika. (adv.) paṭivassaṃ.

yearn : (v.i.) icchati; abhilasati; īhati; kāmeti. (pp.) icchita; abhilasita; īhita; kāmita.

yearning : (f.) abhilāsā.

yeast : (f.) santānikā. (nt.) kiṇṇa.

yell : (f.) ukkuṭthi. (m.) aṭṭarava. (v.i.t.) ukkosati; aṭṭaravaṃ pavatteti. (pp.) ukkuṭṭha; pavattitaṭṭarava.

yellow : (m.) pītavaṇṇa. (adj.) pīta; haḷiddyābha.

yellowish : (adj.) īsaṃpītaka.

yellowish white : (adj.) paṇḍuvaṇṇa.

yellow-robe : (nt.) kāsāyavattha; samaṇacīvara.

yelp : (v.i.) sīghaṃ nadati or bhussati. (pp.) sīghaṃ nadita; bhussita.

yelping : (nt.) sīghabhussana.

yeoman : (m.) khettapāla; gahapati.

yeomanry : (m.) kassakagaṇa. (f.) kassakabhaṭasenā.

yes : (particle), 1. āma; evaṃ. 2. atha kiṃ? 3. sādhu.

yesterday : (adv.) hīyo; hiyyo. (m.) gatadivasa.

yesternight : (f.) gataratti. (adj.) hīyorattiyaṃ.

yet : (adv.) tāva; yāvedāni; ajjāpi. (conj.) api ca; tathā pi; evaṃ sati pi.

yield : (nt.) uppāditavatthu; uppanaphala; samuṭṭhāna; uṭṭhānakabhaṇḍa. (m.) udaya. (v.t.) vasaṃ yāti; okāsaṃ deti. (pp.) janita; uppādita; vasaṃ yāta; dinnokāsa.

yielding : (adj.) 1. anukūla; vasaga; 2. samuṭṭhāpaka.

yoke : (nt.) yuga; dhura; dāsatta; bandhana; sambhandhana. (m.) kāja; ghaṇṭādhārakadaṇḍa. (v.t.) dure yojeti; yuge bandhati; sambandheti. (pp.) dure yojita; yugaboddha; sambhandhita.

yokel : (m.) jānapadika.

yolk : (f.) aṇḍamiñjā.

yon : (adj.) asuka; pārima; nātidūra. (adv.) nātidūre; amutra.

yonder : (adj.) asuka; pārima; nātidūra. (adv.) nātidūre; amutra.

yore : (m.) atītakāla. || of yore: atīte; pubbe; purā.

you : (pron.; plu.) tumhe.

young : (adj.) taruṇa; bāla. (m.) apariṇata; bālajana.

young animal : (m.) potaka; pillaka; chāpa.

younger : (adj.) kaṇittha.

younger-brother : (m.) kaniṭṭhabhātu.

younger-sister : (f.) kaṇiṭṭhabhaginī.

youngest : (adj.) sabbakaṇiṭṭha.

young girl : (f.) daharā; kumārī; kaññā.

young man : (m.) yuva; māṇava; taruṇa.

young one : (m.) susu; bālaka.

young plant : (m.) gaccha. (f.) laṭṭhi.

young woman : (f.) yuvatī; taruṇī.

youngster : (m.) māṇava; kumāra.

younker : (m.) kulaputta.

your : (pron.; adj.) tavādhīna; tumhādhīna.

yourself : tvam attanāva.

yourselves : tumhe attanāva.

youth : (nt.) yobbana; yobbañña. (m.) paṭhamavaya; taruṇabhāva; māṇava; taruṇagaṇa.

youthful : (adj.) yobbabaṭṭha.

youthfulness : (nt.) taruṇatta.

yowl : (m.) bhuṅkāra. (v.i.) bhuṅkaroti; mahānādaṃ pavatteti. (pp.) buṅkata; pavattita mahānāda.

- Z -

zany : (m.) sevaka-vidūsaka.

zanism : (nt.) vidūsakakamma.

zeal : (m.) ussāha; ātappa. (nt.) viriya.

zealous : (adj.) ussuka; ātāpī; saussāha.

zealously : (adv.) saussāhaṃ; sādhiṭṭhānaṃ; uyyāmena.

zebra : (m.) vanagadrabha.

zenna : (nt.) antepura; itthāgāra. (m.) orodha.

zenith : (m.) uddhabhāga; khamajjha. (nt.) uccatamaṭṭhāna. (f.) paramokoṭi.

zero : (nt.) bindu; suññalakkhaṇa.

zest : (f.) abhiruci. (m.) assāda.

zetetic : (adj.) vīmaṃsaka.

Zeus : (m.) devādhipati.

zigzag : (m.) vaṅkamagga. (nt.) vaṅkavatthu. (adj.) kuṭilagatika. (v.i.) jimhaṃ yāti. (adv.) jimhākārena.

zinc : (nt.) tuttha.

zodiac : (nt.) rāsicakka.

zodiacal : (adj.) rāsicakkāyatta.

zoetrope : (nt.) saṃsāracakka; bhavacakka.

zoic : (adj.) pāṇinissita.

zone : (nt.) pabba; valaya; maṇḍala || temperate zone: (nt.) īsadharapabba.

zoo : (nt.) pasuyyāna. (m.) migadāya.

zoography : (f.) pasuvaṇṇanā.

zoolatry : (f.) pasunamassanā.

zoology : (f.) pasupakativijjā.

zoological : (adj.) pasuvijjāyatta.

zoologist : (m.) pasuvijjāvidū.

zootomy : (m.) pasukāyaviccheda.

zymotic : (adj.) saṅkantika; opasaggika (-rogāyatta).

-ooOoo-
A     B     C     D     E     F
G     H     I     J     K     L
M     N     O     P     Q     R
S     T     U     V     W     X,Y,Z

Contents | Top of Page

Pali-Viet Dictionary | Pali-English Dictionary | English Index
last updated: 25-05-2003