Palorchestes

"Ancient leaper"
Length:
2.5 m (8 ft)
Weight:
200 kg (444 lbs)
Time:
11,600,000-
11,000 B.C.
Location:
South Australia, Australia
Species:
Palorchestes azael
Palorchestes painei
Palorchestes selestiae
A distant relative and contemporary of the more famous Diprotodon, Palorchestes would have resembled a cross between a ground sloth and tapir. Its nasal bones strongly suggest that it sported a short proboscis, while the symphysis of its lower jaw hints at the presence of very long tongue. These, along with its large claws, would have allowed this marsupial access to tree branches.

Palorchestes was named by Sir Richard Owen, the man who coined the term "dinosaur". All he knew of the animal when he named it was a fragmentary jaw, which he surmised was that of a primitive kangaroo. Unlike kangaroos, however, Palorchestes was probably a rather slow and ungainly animal, vulnerable to predators like Thylaceo and Megalania, and later, humans.
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