Tapinocaninus pamelae

This large plant-eating therapsid is one of the earliest tapinocephalian known from South Africa.


Tapinocaninus pamelae


Rubidge, 1991

Meaning of the generic name

Humble canine


Skull length: 50 cm , Length: 3 m


Holotype (NMQR 2987): Skull and mandible.
Paratypes: NMQR 2985 (skull and mandible); NMQR 2986 (skull and mandible), ROZ K95 (skull and mandible)

Age and Distribution

Horizon: Eodicynodon zone, at the base of the Beaufort Group (Ufimian-Kazanian age), Middle permian (Wordian).
Type locality:
Modderdrift farm, prince Albert, South Africa.


Synapsida Therapsida Dinocephalia Tapinocephalia Tapinocephalidae

  Further Reading

  Rubidge, B. S., 1991, A new Primitive Dinocephalian Mammal-Like Reptile from the Permian of Southern Africa: Palaeontology v. 34, part 3, p. 547-559.



Skull of Tapinocaninus pamelae (Top: NMQR 2987, bottom: NMQR 2986). From Rubidge, 1991.