Key Shelter Items

Excerpts from Shelter Cluster Technical Guidance (draft) on Emergency Kits
See full Technical Guidance and detailed specification on Technical Working Group
For Winterisation Recommendation, please click here

2.0 Draft Emergency shelter Items

Emergency materials distributed are to provide people with cover from the elements and to provide privacy and dignity.
Below are the suggested kit contents:

Tarpaulins with poles and Fixings

Materials for covering structures (These shelter kits to supplement local items). Consideration should be given to where families will be able to find structural materials.

 Plastic Sheet 5m x 4m minimum (see table below) 2
 Rope (Annex A.3.4) or wire 30m
 Poles 2 (5 if bamboo)
Plastic Sheeting Sizes
 Source Size Number Required per Family Covered Area
  4m x 5m 2 40 sq.m.
  4m x 6m 2 48 sq.m.
 DfID 4m x 7m 2 56 sq.m.
 USAID 100' x 24' (roll) roll cut into 5 sheets of 20' x 24'  44.6 sq.m.

Key Shelter Items - DRAFT

Jerry cans / hygiene kits / mosquito nets etc. are not included here as they are covered by the WASH and Health clusters

High Priority Blankets / quilts
 4 singles or 2 doubles

 Kitchen Set  1
  Warm shawls
 2 adult, 4 children
  Jerry Can (20L) 1
Lower Priority Plastic Mats/Floor sheet 2 mats / 1 sheet
 (Lighting (for spontaneous/planned camps and collective centres)  

Clothes* (fabric and sewing kit preferable to clothes) and shoes
  Food container (for rice, flour, etc.) 1

* In the immediate aftermath of the flooding, clothes are a significant need. However to reach coverage of the largest number of families there will be delays in distribution.

Tool Kit - SAMPLE

Kits for repairing structures, cleaning up the mud and help to salvage materials.
 Key Items  Hand saw, shovel, claw hammer, taghari and strong builders bucket.   

Community Clean Up Kits

Kits for communities to clean up the mud and damage
  Subject to field Assessments whether shared tool kits are viable.

Notes on the procurement of tents can be found in Annex A.3.1 in the full technical guidance

Cash / vouchers

Cash or voucher programmes can enable affected people to purchase what they decide that they need most. They may be especially useful to support host families. Further information on cash is available in “Guidelines for cash transfer programming” (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement) [1].  Please also see reference page for Voucher Distribution from GOAL

Cash or vouchers should only be considered if markets are functioning and able to support activities.


Case Studies:

from Selecting NFIs for Shelter

Pakistan Flood 2007