Sixth TSSU Assessment - 27 February 2012

Latest Reports: Maps
TSSU 6th Phase Assessment Key Findings (click here to download)    Key Information Map 
TSSU 6th Phase Raw Data and Analysis (click here to download)   Cluster Information Map 
District Reports: Cluster Specific Reports
Badin District Report  WASH Cluster Report 
Umerkot District Report  Health Cluster Report 
Sanghar District Report 

Key findings from the Sixth TSSU Assessment:

  Temporary Settlements:

  • Total Number of Settlements 95
  • Total Number of Families 2,533 / 13,325 Individuals
  • 90% of TS are spontaneous and 4% are planned tent sites, 1 schools occupied
  • 98% of TS have no official camp management structure
  • 74% of site residents indicated they will need to remain in TS for more than 1 month, 37% more than 3 months
  • The largest concentration of TS are mostly in Umerkot district - 44


  • 10 Settlements reported friction within the site or with host communities 
  • 37% of women and children feel unsafe in the TS:

o   18% Wild animals and snakes

o   32% Lack of light at night

o   32% Site close to road or other hazards

o   27% Tents/Shelters are too close

o   24% Shelter has no secure door (i.e. open tent)

  Emergency Shelter:

  • 75% of settlements still require lighting
  • 46% of settlements still require blankets
  • 51% of site residents they had no means to rebuild their house
  • Almost 100% of site residents have full damaged houses


  • 19% of site resident reported cases of acute watery diarrhoea
  • 20% of site resident reported cases of air/water borne diseases
  • 9% of site resident reported cases of vector borne diseases
  • 8% of site resident reported cases of measles
  • Only 11 site residents reported cases of respiratory infection
  • 63% of site resident reported shortage of medicine, equipment and consumables in health facilities
  • 29% of site resident reported unattended deliveries / child births
  • 41% of site resident are more than 3 kilometres away from the nearest health clinic

  • 83% of TS have hand pumps and 24% received water from ponds/canals
  • 19% of TS residents walk more than 30 minutes to get clean water
  • Only 1% of TS reported having less than 5 litres of total water per person, per day
  • 65% of TS reported having less than 2.5 litres of drinking water per person, per day

  Food and Nutrition:

  • 0% of TS  have access to supplementary feeding for malnourished pregnant / lactating mothers and children
  • 96% of TS residents buy their food with cash
  • 84% of income of site residents is spent on food
  • 13% of site residents have taken loans after the floods


  • 81% of TS residents have a source of income
  • 89% of TS residents income is earned through daily labour 

  • 57% of sites do not have sufficient feed for animals
  • 16% of livestock living near the settlements have diseases


  • Only 1 school is currently occupied as a temporary settlement (Village Mir je More in Tando Muhammad Kham district).
  • 14 temporary learning centres (TLCs) were identified at the 95 temporary settlements that remain open.
  • In all TLC daily visits are made by teachers.
Emerging Trends and Observations:
  • The number of settlements and the families in the settlements decreased again from last assessment, from 241 settlements to 95 settlements and 10,379 to 2,533 families. TSSU will continue to assess the settlements and share information as and when it becomes available.
  • The families that have recently returned home have received little or no assistance in their place of origin. There is also very little assistance provided in the settlements.
  • The largest concentration of settlements is in Umerkot (44).
  • There is a continuing trend towards return where access to places of origin is possible.
  • Landlords are not allowing some site residents to return. TSSU will identify these settlements to be dealt with on a case by case basis.
  • Remaining site residents indicate they are still unable to return mainly due to water in their areas of return.
Key recommendations: 
  • TSSU is currently visiting the return areas of site residents to collect information and take photos. Profile of settlements and corresponding return areas where people cannot return will be presented to district authorities to make a final assessment.
  • End goal is to provide a list of prioritised settlements which will need long term support.
  • TSSU will coordinate direct assistance to all other remaining settlements to assist in returns process. Cluster will be notified of all major problems especially those that require immediate attention.
  • Work with clusters to determine action for others  without the possibility of return (e.g. landlords not allowing return)
  • Advocate for government authorities and organizations to provide camp management in prioritized settlements.
  • Conduct additional assessments in the places of return to determine how people are managing after returning.
  • Continue to train the team of dedicated TSSU data collectors in all cluster specific questions to improve the data quality.
  • Further develop the electronic questionnaires on handheld devices (PDA, smartphones) and laptops to improve quality of data collected and remove the need for time consuming data entry.