Second TSSU assessment: October 2011
TSSU conducted a rapid assessment in 14 districts on 10th and 11th September 2011. Data from 2,547 temporary settlements was gathered by various organisations. A follow up review of the same settlements was conducted by IOM's Humanitarian Communications team who contacted the settlements' residents and organisations working on site. Between the initial TSSU assessment and the review, the data indicates a reduction in the number of families in the settlements:
Comparison of number of families staying in settlements between the first and second TSSU Assessment
Key findings from the first TSSU assessment and second review assessment:
- 2,547 temporary settlements were assessed, hosting approximately 174,500 households and 824,000 people.
- This sample represents a fraction of the total number of temporary settlements. As of September 27th, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) had recorded some 3,261 formal camps and schools being used by displaced populations.
- This number may exclude many of the 57% of settlements surveyed by the TSSU which were spontaneous settlement sites. If spontaneous sites are included, the total number of sites could be close to 6,000.
- Planned tent sites represented 8% of the sites surveyed by the TSSU, collective centres 18% and spontaneous settlements 23%.
- In Tando Muhammad Khan, Sanghar, Mirpur Khas and Khairpur the proportion of spontaneous settlements is much higher than average.
- Interviewees indicated significant needs for shelter, kitchen sets and blankets, particularly in spontaneous settlements. In such sites, 82% or 84,000 families required shelters.
- Of families who had shelter, 13,445 were staying in 358 collective centres, including schools. There will be increasing pressure for these people to find alternative shelter. UNICEF estimates that 2,449 schools are currently being used as temporary settlements (27th September figures).
- The revised disaggregated data indicates children under 5 years of age make up 27% of the settlement population and 11% are 60 years old or above.
- The average settlement size was 324. Settlements were larger than average in the districts of Sanghar, Tando Muhammad Khan and Umerkot. There were many small settlements. The two largest are a settlement of 16,000 people in Umerkot and 12,000 people in a settlement in Tando Muhammad Khan.
- Five districts, Badin, Sanghar, Khairpur, Mirpurkhas and Umerkot, have very high proportions of people displaced. Umerkot has the highest at 66% and Khairpur has the lowest at 21%. If the proportion of people displaced is over approximately 20%, then it becomes more difficult for host communities themselves to cope.
- The numbers of households in temporary settlements in Khairpur was greater than the official numbers first indicated. The revised data indicated the vast majority of people leaving the site have returned to their places of origin.
- Relatively high numbers of female headed households and / or children were encountered, particularly in six districts (Badin, Mirpur Khas, Sanghar, - Tando Muhammad Khan, Umerkot). 23% of all families in the assessed temporary settlements were headed by women.
- Significant WASH, health, education, protection, food and food security requirements were reported by the majority of interviewees in each temporary settlement.
- Winterization items, which are currently not part of the shelter strategy or the initial flash appeal, will be required.
- The number of families in the settlements are slowly decreasing as the water recedes and people are able to return home. We will continue to assess the impact and share information as and when it becomes available.
- Some families may maintain a duel presence in their place of origin and in the settlements so as not to miss out on any forthcoming assistance.
- The numbers of settlements identified will possibly increase in the third round of data collection. The assessment is likely to have identified those settlements that were more accessible and larger in size. Any additional settlements identified are likely to be smaller than the current average size.